Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA HE KALI): FKIDAY, FE1JKUAKY 12,1897.
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
8U11SCIPKTION KATK8 1
In the County $1.00.
Out of the County 1.25.
Entered at the post-office at Columbia. Ten
nessee as second-class mail matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
Hknator Hakkis, who has been
critically ill, in Improving, and his
friends now hope for his complete
Senator Daubs is getting his
votes badly mixed. He voted for
the Centennial appropriation and
against the bill to prohibit the sale
Thk Senate Judiciary Committee
has reported for passage a bill to
"remove screens from the front of
saloons." It would be better, we
think, to remove the saloons and let
The Bradley-Martin ball shows
what advertising can do. The press
took up and made a sensation of this
vulgar display of wealth, and the
entire country became more or less
interested in it.
Senator Isiiam O. Harris was
born February 10, 1818. He was,
therefore, 7!) years old last Wednes
day. The Herald congratulates
him upon the esteem and affection
with which the people of Tennessee
hold him in their hearts, and we
trust that a Kind Providence will
restore him to perfect health, and
that he may live to serve his country
another decade in the United States
Senator Gili.ham, of Shelby, has
introduced a bill appropriating $10,
000 to establish a reformary depart
ment at the Randal Cole Industrial
School, and to send all male chil
dren under 15 years of age there
who are convicted of felony in the
courts of the State. If the solons
would amend this bill by adding to
the appropriation the $"(0,000 they
propose giving to the Nashville
show, and then pass it, generations
to come would rise up and call
them blessed. There are over sixty
children under fifteen years of age,
now in the Tennessee penitentiary.
THE LIGHT QUESTION.
The light question for Columbia
will soon be settled, one way or the
other, right or wrong. The Board
will not do wrong, intentionally.
That they are conscientious and hon
est, seeking to do what is best for
Columbia, nobody doubt. But this)
is no easy question, and they cannot
be too pains-taking and cautious in
its consideration. Experts them
selves differ as to the cost of furnish
ing street lights. The elements
have so much to do with electricity
that it seems to be a somewhat haz
ardous business. It is easy to get
figures on running a saw-mill, and
it is easy to make fortunes out of
these figures; but somehow the
figures increase und the fortunes de
crease. We fear it may be so with
Columbia, if we undertake to do our
The biggest mistake our City Fath
ers are apt to make is that this plant
and this service would be run witli
that economy and receive that
thoughtful, prompt, busiuess atten
tion that a good business man gives
to his private affairs. Public af
fairs are not run that way, and this
Board, composed of business men,
ought not to overlook this very large
item in their running expense ac
Another serious drawback, is the
almost certainty of the plant get
ing into politics. They may think
they can guard against it, but we do
not think they can. It may not be
go in other places, but Columbia
has more scheming politicians than
other places. Other places run their
schools, and ! just as good schools
as ours, for less money. Now don't
say the Herald isopposed to public
echools, for it is not; we are
merely illustrating a point. Other
places have streets just as good
as ours at a considerable less cost
Other places nearly as large as
Columbia have a considerably
less salary account. There is and
always has been an extravagance
about Columbia, both in municipal
government as well as private liv
ing, not indulged in by other places,
and that same spirit of overdoing
the thinuf, of placing the lights too
thick, of extending the line too far,
of taking iu pets and neighborhoods
for political purposes; that same
spirit of extravagance will, we fear,
creep into the electric light plant if
the city owns and operates it.
Smarties may scoff as much as
they please about croakers, but the
tax-payers of this, town are bur
dened with taxes. They are bur
dened witl a railroad debt that has
done them little if any good. They
are burdened with . a fixed charge
for fire protection and water supply
that is altogether too high. And
this is no time to be making new
experiments and issuing more bonds.
Some other way ought to be found
out of the difficulty.
BAD l'HK (' K DENTS.
The Senate has passed the Cen
tennial Appropriation bill, giving
them $50,000, and the impression
prevails that the house will do like
wise. This, we believe to be not on
ly a wasteful but an unconstitu
tional expenditure of the people's
money. It is even worse than that;
it is a bad precedent. In 187(1 Con
gress made an appropriation to the
Philadelphia show. Patriotic,
thoughtful men objected to that not
only on constitutional grounds, but
because it was a bad precedent.
But it was urged then that the
precedent would not could not be
claimed again for an hundred years.
However, the Chicago Fair did
claim it in less than twenty years,
and the bad precedent was again
set. Then came the Atlanta expo
sition, claiming an appropriation be
cause one had been given Chicago.
Quickly upon the heels of Atlanta,
Nashville asked and obtained a like
aid. So there is no telling now
where Congress will go or when it
will stop, or how many millions of
dollars the Philadelphia precedent
will eventually cost the people of
these United States.
And now they have begun a like
unending chain of bad precedents in
Tennessee. Stripped of its disguises
this so-called Tennessee Centennial
and International Exposition, is
nothing but a well laid scheme to
attract trade to Nashville. So far as
the state at large is concerned it is
at once the most expensive and
least remunerative way to advertise
its resources. Nashville is no more
entitled to the funds of the state for
this purpose, than Memphis would
be should they conclude to adver
tise the Bluff City by some high
sounding name, or than Knoxville
or Chattanooga, and these cities, we
venture to predict, will not be 6low
in finding some name under which
to claim the precedent.
The time to stop this wasteful and
as we believe unconstitutional ex
travagance, is now; and the way is
by injunction. The tax payers
should not submit to such wanton
abuse of legislative authority. They
should defend their property rights.
They should appeal to the courts for
protection. They should teach the
lobby that though they may smile
and flatter and cajole and decieve
and bamboozle the legislature, their
trouble is just begun, and that there
is a higher power yet to which the
people may appeal.
We suggest, therefore, that if the
House endorses the Senate bill, and
Governor Taylor signs it as un
fortunately he has already indicated
he will that an injunction be ap
plied for at once to restrain the
Treasurer from paying this money
over, and to test the constitution
ality of such dangerous precedents.
The first trouble is, that what is
"everybody's business is nobody's
business." But let's make it our
business. The Herald will join
with any dozen reputable, tax-paying
citizens of Maury County to
take the initiative steps. We would
soon have company to spare.
SENATOR d Anns.
We reproduce the following from
the Herald of October 9, 18!)(i:
'Replying to an editorial in the Her
ald a few weeks since, addressed to all
the candidates, Dr. J. P. Dabbs, the Dem
ocratic nomineefor Senator, says:
"Replying to your inquiry as to how
I stand on the Centennial appropria
tions, f will say, that if 1 should vote
my own sentiments I would unhesitat
ingly vote against any appropriation
whatever. However, should I bo elect
ed to represent the l!th Senatorial Dis
trict, com posed of the counties of Maury,
.Lewis auu Perry ,in the next General As
sembly, I will make it a point in every
particular to retlect the will and wishes
of my constituency in every meas
ure upon which f will be called to be
present or vote for. Af y county ( Perry)
refused long ago to vote an appropria
tion from the county.'
"Maury County has also refused to
vote any appropriation as a county, and
two years ago the Democratic Legisla
tive Convention instructed against it."
Comment is unnecessary. If any
explanation is desired, call on Sen
ator Dabbs, who. when the Centen
nial appropriation bill came up in
the Senate last week, voted for it.
A l-UOIIAHLE BOOMERANG.
The pending election bill, if passed
by the legislature, may rise up in
the future to mock the Democratic
party. It is more partisan than
just, and would give more aid to
machine politicians than relief to
the people. There is no reform in
that sort of legislation, and the peo
ple will not be deceived thereby.
If the Governor is given the power
to appoint three Commissioners for
a county, he will appoint Commis
sioner after hi own heart. Then
these Commissioners will appoint
election judges, receivers and clerks
for the several districts of the coun
ty, after their hearts. Now then
that might all work very well so
longas the heart of the Governor
was in sympathy with the hearts of
the people; so long as a Democrat
and a man of conviction and for the
people was in the chair.
But suppose the fee grabbers and
whiskey ring and the corporations
should combine their forces, and
while the people slept put one of
their hirelings in the gubernatorial
Checking; Dp !
After the prescription is care
fully studied; after all tho in
gredients have been p'aced in
your bottle, then we "cheek
up," carefully review the
quantities we have weighed
and measured, and examine all
the boxes and bottles from
which drugs have been taken,
to see that no mistakes have
been made. We do this with
all prescriptions and take time
to do it thoroughly.
You want your prescriptions
filled that way, do you not?
RAINS, THE DRUGGIST.
chair? How would you like to hold
your election tinder election officers
appointed by this creature?
To suppose that such might hap
pen, is not a violent supposition at
all, considering recent events.
Besides, the principle is not right.
It is removing the elections, indi
rectly, too far from tiie people, and
giving too much power to one man.
The bill ought to be amended or
AVHKKE WAS SENATOR DAKKS?
The Christian Advocate says:
"For some reason or other, the en
terprising daily papers of this city
failed to tell their readers how the
several Senators voted on Bill No.
137. We, therefore, take pleasure in
supplying the needed information.
It is as follows: For the bill, Sena
tors Claiborne, Clements, Collins
worth, Evans, Fitzgerald, Hamner,
Hodges, Hurt, Keeuy, Taylor, Tip
ton, and Mr. Speaker Thompson 12.
Against the bill, Senators Bartlett,
Bate, Boyd, Butler, Canada, Case,
Cline, Ellis, Gilham, Gilmore,
Guild, Gunn, Houck, Mann, Parker,
Thomas and Whittaker 17. Not
voting, Senators Waddell and Lea
2. This list is worth keeping." The
bill referred to was the Local Option
Our esteemed contemporary, the
"Dixie Game Fowl," Mr. T. E, Lips
comb, editor and publisher, in his
last issue fires the following per
haps not altogether unjust criti
cism. Referring to Columbia and
its newspapers, he says: "As to our
population, tho town by last census,
suburbs and all." was 8,800. In other
words about 15,01X1 people get their
mail here. We have two weekly
newspapers, one weekly school paper
and the best game journal on earth
Dixie. We venture the assertion
that a third weekly would do well
here in good hands, as one of our
papers here talks too loud, while the
other often speaks only in a whisper
on important matters."
The famous Confederate, General
Joe Shelby, is not expected to live
CONSTl T U IION.VL CO X V E X T I ( ) X .
Hcfore leaving the subject of reforms
in the administration of our criminal
law, there is one other matter which
has been the subject of some agitation,
that I desire to mention.
Section!) of Art. 1 of our present con
stitution secures to tho accused in all
criminal prosecutions, "A speedy pub
lic trial by an impartial jury of the
county iu which the crime shall have
Under this provision our court has
held that a man is an incompetent juror
who has formed or expressed an opinion
merely from having read a newspaper
account of the offense with which the
accused stands charged, although said
newspaper account does not purport to
have been written by a witness to the
facts therein stated. Iteanbeseen that
this construction of our constitution
tends to put the administration of our
criminal law, so far as our juries are
concerned, into the hands of the non
reading and more ignorant classes.
Our Legislature in 1S70-71 passed a
very liberal act on this subject, but the
same was promptly declared obnoxious
to the above provision of our constitu
tion. Said Act, being chapter "1 of the
Acts of 1S7(-71, was as follows, towit :
"That hereafter no citizen in any
criminal prosecution in this State shall
be adjudged incompetent to act as a
juror by reason of having formed or ex
pressed an opinion touching theguilt or
innocence of the accused, upon infor
mation derived exclusively from any
published account of the facts of tho
offense with which the defendant
stands charged, unless the writer of
said statement in said article professed
to have been a witness to the same at
the time of their occurrence, which
must affirmatively appear; and pro
vided that said juror will state, upon
tlie law anil the testimony, on trial, he
believes he can give the accused a fair
and impartial verdict."
Our supreme Court, in a very able
opinion delivered in the case of Eason
vs. the State, (i Baxter Reports, pages
4(ifi to 4"it, held that tills act was in vio
lation of the well established construc
tion of tli at part of our constitution
which secures to the accused "an im
The same guaranty of right of trial
by "an impartial jury" was secured to
the citizen in the constitution of 17Ui,
and the construction thereof was made
under an entirely different state of
development than to-day surrounds us;
but the adoption of the same form of
expression in the constitution of 18!!4
and again in that of 1S70, left our Su
preme Court nothing else to do but to
follow the bea en track of former de
cisions construing this same provision
in our first constitution.
lint since the beginning of our State
wo have become a great and . nourish
ing common wealth. Education bus be
come a matter of general opportunity,
and our public school is now a blessing
which every child may enjoy. Nearly
every county in tho State can boast of
its own newspaper, and tho great daily
and weekly journals penetrate the ut
most parts of the State. We are essen
tially and above all tilings a nation of
newspaper readers, and are becoming
more and more so every day. On
account of tins rapid and wonderful in
crease in readers the development of
the American newspaper has excited
the wonder and admiration of the en
lightened world. There is no transac
tion too trivial to be recorded in these
daily journals, and the chronicles of
crimes, with all the embellishments of
art and all the charm of fiction, forms
one of its largest and most especial
features. And it is to lie regretted that
such items of news attract the most nu
merous class of readers. So that it can be
seen that that construction of our consti
tution which excludes from the Jury the
man who may have formod an opinion
from reading a newspaper account,
tends, as said above, to put the adminis
tration of our criminal law into the
hands of the non-reading and more
ignorant classes. There are few men
who read a newspaper account with
any attention and interest but who
form an opinion on the basis of that
account, yet who are still able to weigh
impartially the accredited testimony
delivered on the trial and to measure
out even handed Justice between the
State and thedefendant. If the dangers
of injustice from a jury of reading men
are greater than the dangers of injus
tice from a Jury of non-reading men,
then education is a curse and civiliza
tion a crime.
But the mere statement of this propo
sition is sullicient to show its absurdity.
Intelligence is the greatest power on
earth, and the safety of nations as well
as individuals, depends upon it, and
our laws should be so shaped that the
administration of affairs would come
more and more into the hands of those
fitted by education and intelligence to
discharge the responsibilities of public
duties. Our constitution should be
amended to meet this construction and
to change the law governing the com
petency of jurors. Tho progress of
civilization demands it. The spread of
newspapers and the increase of readers
require it in justice to the accused and
to the State. The opinion of the legal
fraternity is well nigh unanimous in
favor of it.
But we do not care to press this sub
ject further at this time. It is simply
our object to suggest those matters for
the consideration of our readers and to
point out the constitutional diflicultios.
It will not be long now before the
people will bo called upon to vote upon
the question of holding a Constitutional
Convention. The first Monday iu April
is tho day set apart for this purpose by
the special session of the last Leglsla
ture. It is not possible even to Hiiggest,
in these articles, all the reforms that are
needed, nor to forecast but a small por
tion of the good that would result to tho
State and to the people thereof, from
the deliberations of a Constitutional
Convention. It is the history of such
bodies that they are composed of the
very best talent that the State affords.
Tt is a place of grave responsibility, and
no man's attainments, however con
siderable, raise him above the honor
and dignity of the position. Much
good then besides that which can be
fairly counted upon, can be hoped fur
from the careful deliberations of such a
body of men.
In this paper we conclude that part of
this subject which pertains to reforms
in the administration of our criminal
law. We have left much out that
might have been written, and have been
content to make these few suggestions
in tho hope of calling the attention of
our people to the importance of tho im
pending election and to impress upon
them that a Constitutional Convention
is absolutely necessary for the accom
plishment of many desirable reforms.
Intheuext article we will take tip
the subject of county government.
To trade a good new organ for a
buggy, horse or mare. Apply to E.
E. Plielan, at Baldwins' Music
Lnwrenceburg is to have a new
weekly paper, but the name and
date of its appearance have not been
The Duck River Phosphate Com
pany, operating phosphate mines in
Hickman county, with headquarters
at Nashville, made an assignment
last Satunhy, President G. M. Fogg
and Secretary W. G. Davis execu
ting the deed. The company has
just completed a railroad to its
mines, costing $2j,ono, and Mr. Fogg
thinks operations will be resumed iu
a short time.
The dynamo for the electric light
plant at Lewiburg arrived last
week and will be put in position as
speedily as possible.
Teiwoi), tydoi poster.
WE HAD TO TELL THE
I; r j 9 r i
oxure s oiory
on another page of The Herald this week.
The Herald man did'nt want us to encroach
on his editorial space, and as we had a whole
Very Important News for You
we just chartered Page Three of this week's
paper. Read it, every word of it. And we
coud'nt even tell it all on that page.
You'll have to come to the Store
to find out all about it.
We're losing. It sometimes pays to lose.
A doctor has been known to cut a man's foot
off to save his leg and the balance of his
body. We've got $10,000 worth of goods
more than we ought to have. This makes
next week your harvest time. Read about
it on Page Three of this paper.
fl Veritable wnite snow of
Ladies muslin Untrerwear.
Read about it on Page Three of this paper.
m H Windfall in Fine Linen Towels. Read about
it on Page Three of this paper.
fimazing Bargains in Lais' Fine snoes.
Read about them on Page Three of this paper.
If you can't possibly come to our store next
Monday, come Tuesday or Wednesday,
or any day next week. Read about it on
Page Three of this paper.
Read Page Three of this paper. Read
every word of it. It will pay you well.
If you see it in our ad it's so.
McKennon, Anderson & Foster.
The First National Dank of Frank'
lin, O., has suspended.
A German at St. Louis last week
was driven by hunger to steal a
horse and kill it for food.
A receiver has been placed in
charge of the Northwestern Nation
al Hank, of Great Falls, Mont.
The Portsmouth, O., Lumber Com
pany, with a capital of $1,000,000, has
made application for a receiver.
The Southern Building and Loan
Association, of Atlanta, has gone
into a receiver's hands; over $1,000,
000 is involved. It is charged that
the association is insolvent, heavy
withdrawals having been made on
account of the recent failures at
President Cleveland has signed an
order reducing the number of pen
sion agencies by half, by which a
saving of at least $150,000 per annum
Burt Oats, Timothy, Red Top,
Orchard aud Blue Grass, at
feb5-2t 8ATTERFIBLD& DODSON'S.
Garwood's Sarsaparilla for the blood
guaranteed tocure. A. B. Rains
R. B. Taylor to Miss A. B. Harris.
Thomas Peach to Miss Mandy
Why Pay Eiortitant Prices
For Sewing Machines When You
Can Do lletler?
All machines that I handle nre
ust as they are represented. I chal
enire the world to otfer a better $20
machine for $20, or a better $40 ma
chine for $40. I save you the freight,
give you a five years' guarantee,
and if not convenient for you to pay
cash, will sell you on easy payments.
S. . STE1MIEXS,
Rethell Block, Columbia, Tenii.
A FATHERLY ASSURANCE.
The Old Ontli man Wm No Linguist, bat
He Knew Life.
Mr. Cumrox's son was studying hia
Latin lesson. There was the tremolo of
discouragement in his voice as lie re
nnuked: "I don't seem to get along with this
lesson very well, father."
"Can't yon say any of it?"
"Yes, I can say 'amo, amas, amat,1
and then I always forget what comes
"What docs those words mean, John
ny?" asked Mr. Cumrox, who deserves
credit for being always ready to add to
a somewhat deficient early education.
"They mean 'I love, thou lovest, he
loves. ' ' '
"It does seem too bad to Pee you
startin in so soon," the old gentleman
mused, "with the difficulties that have
always surrounded that verb. But you
might us well commence young to learn
that them words in one way or another
cause two-thirds of the botheration that
occurs in this life."
"Please, can I quit school, then?"
"No. It wouldn't be any use. You.
couldn't dodge 'em, and you might as
well go right along and get as familiar
with them as possible. You'll find that
learnin 'em ain't half the worry that
handliu 'em is after you kuow 'em.
Cheer up, Johnny, and remember that
most of your trouble is still ahead of
you." Washington Star.
The Popular JEnthrtica of Color.
Whilo blue is pre-eminently and over
whelmingly tho masculine favorite, it
is by no means so general a feminine
favorite. The favorite woman's color,
standing at the head of the female list,
is rod Roughly speaking, of every 80
masculine votes 10 would bo for blue
and 8 for red, while of every 80 femi
nine votes 4 would be for bluo and 6 for
red. Red and blue are thus much more
nearly equally popular among women
than among men. Other relatively
marked masculine preferences are for
the colors related, to bluo (blue violet
and violet), and other feminine prefer
ences aro for lighter red (or pink) and, tc
a less extent, for green and yellow.
Further, men confine their selections to
relatively fewer colors than do women,
and, finally, while all men and women
alike are much more apt to choose a
normal than a transitional color and a
darker than a lighter shade, yet the tend
ency to do so (about the siuno in the
former direction) is markedly different
in the latter respect Cf 12 men 10 would
choose among tho darker colors and only
2 among the litfit-r for tho most pleas
ing color, while of 12 women 7 would
choose amour; the darker and 5 among
the lighter shades. Professor Jastrow
in Popular fc'cuxce Monthly.