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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, FEKKUARY 5, 1897.
school always; and when the or
chardist is depending solely upon
his own resources he does not know
what to do when he comes up face
to face with a new difficulty. He
must be up with the times anil with
Hurry up! Shortest month,
you know. What about that
COOKING STOVE 5TU re bu'? See our great White Enamel line of "Buck's." The White
Annual Combination Sale.
Enamel oven? in Buck's Btoves and liunges bake quicker and distribute the heat
inure evenly than any other line made.
Heating Stoves at Cost for the next thirty days.
Nonsense ami New, Odds nml Knds,
Wine hikI OthcrwlNe.
Human experience is a good guide ;
but divine direction is a perfect one.
The Tennessee Sale Agency
Our stock is simply immpnse' ant wnen you want anything ia this line we
have it (not "just out"), auci tllen our lri"ea ar always right.
You can make lots of
sometimes by admitting
wrong when you are not.
A full stock of Bicycle Sundries.
Remember we sell for Cash and
Agricultural and Llye
Items" -of Interest to Farmers
,,-v , Horsemen.
Find , whether your cows
boarding you, or whether you
boarding the cows.
Sow crimson clover the last of
August or the first of September,
and never seed it with fall grain, as
it matures too early. This clover is
of little value sown in the spring,
and it has proved a failure at this
time in whatever climate tried.
A sheep which starts to go down
does so rapidly. Dry feed is not
good for sheep, as their digestion is
not strong enought for it, and many
of their diseases are attributable to
it. They need green, succulent
food to keep the bowels and other
organs in good working condition.
Hoots, are excellent; so with en
silage, in moderation.
Alex McKay entered upon his
duties as trainer at Woodlawn
Farm, Spring Hill, Tenn., January
1. There is some good material at
this farm and McKay will doubtless
be able to pick out a Btring of money
winners for the campaign. Breeder
Export of cattle from this country
din ing 1890 reached a total of 8fi9,302
head, as against 271,629 head during
the year lMOo a gain of 97,673. The
exports of live hogs show a loss of
(SOU head, the figures for the past
ye-.ir standing at 2,0i8.
A theory may be all right, but
prove a tiat laiiure when tried oy
It is easy to see how
a tiling should be done, but the only
way to know is to go to work and do
it. We may read much, and yet
know very little about tho care of
stock. We can only know the true
value of theories by caring for them.
Some men will spend a day in de
nouncing the railway for charging
them three cents a mile covered in a
minute or two of time, on their way
to conventions, but have not a word
to say about the awful condition of
the roads which ma.kes it cost them
a dollar or two a mile with a load
which uses up an hour of time.
Usually the best profit from the
farm can be derived by growing a
variety of the crops best suited to
it, anil then feeding them out to
stock on the farm and marketing the
same. The risks of failure are les
sened, and all the varied products
can be used to the best advantage.
Hard work and economy only will
not put the farmer ahead in the
world. Knowledge is a necessary
power in agriculture as in any other
occupation. Farmers must sharpen
their wits by reading; and it is al
most neccessary that they become
writers and talkers in this age in
which they are coming so much to
the front. I
Do not apply manure directly for
wheat nor oats unless the land is
very poor. In a wet season it will
cause the straw to grow too heavy,
and in a dry season the soil will be
too porous to retain the necessary
moisture. None of these objections
apply to corn.
If you cannot haul the manure to
the fields as fast as made, and have
no sheds under which to store it,
nut it in piles and throw a few
inches of earth over it. This will
preserve it in good shape and will
repay the labor required.
It is folly to risk a crop of wheat
on a soil which we know to be better
adapted to the growing of some
cereal.- Wheat does best on land of
heavy texture, with a subsoil of clay.
Should. j this subsoil be of too
tenicious a texture, tile and the sub
soil plow w-jllKOhieve wonders.
lJecauseof ihe-Jtvastage from ex
nosuro on the- outside, those who
keen but four or rive cows can bet
ter provide food for them in the old
way. n the other hand, by grow
inir proper crops and filling a suit
able soil the farmer can easily keep
two or three times as many cows as
he can by relying on hay for winter
food; and grain is more easily
diirsted where succulent food is
While the condition of aurioul
ture is anything but encouraging, it
is well to look to seed paving. The
farmer should have an ambition to
produce the best crops possible in
order to make his industry a finan
We have a fine line of Crockery
which we would be thankful to sell to vou. and we think you
will be delighted to buy when you know the price and see 'the
www about a Bicgcie ?
We are still selling the cele
brated Eagle wheels with Lu
minuni rims. Ten different
models this year. Come and
cannot lie undersold.
cial success, and he should strive
to produce something better and
which will be more profitable than
he or his neighbors had previously
Lessen the amount of dead capital.
A little planning of the work in ad
vance will so distribute it that fewer
teams will be needed, and those
kept will be more steadily employed,
and in this way lessen the cost of
running the farm. Keep no animal
which will not more than pay for its
The manurial product in stock
growing should pay every expense
but that for feed. Being thus free
from charges for labor, care and
housing, there should not be much
difficulty in making an animal pay
for its feed.
Every neighborhood has a farmer
a little more progressive than the
average; one who always has the
best of everything. These are the
persons to whom to go for improved
stock, for advice as to breeds, for
lessons in the care of stock, and for
wisdom upon many points in which
you may be deficient.
Those who are competent become
breeders themselves, and it is dif
ficult to get a skilled manager to
handle breeding stock for wages.
Our agricultural colleges oiler a
remedy to our farmers' sons, and
their advantages should be better
understood and appreciated.
A deep chest and wide nostrels in
dicate healthy lungs, and in select
ing horses or cattle for breeding pur
poses these are essential points to
A coat of fat upon the outside and
a lining of the same will do much to
keep stock comfortable in cold
weather, and they are not apt to be
profitable unless they are com
fortable. Organize fanners' breeders' socie
ties to advance the improved .stock
business, to make stock raising pay
and to make the farm pay. Prices
for high breeds are within the reach
of any who care to improve, but
these must soon advance, as they
are doing in some cases already.
Stockmen who continually pro
claim that there is no longer any
profit in their business should sell
out and giveplac to men who know
that such enterprise, properly fol
lowed, is as profitable as ever, only
that the changed times call for
Stock well wintered is half sum
mered. When poorly cared for they
grow poor, and half the summer's
pasture is lost; by the time summer
is ended such stock has just begun
to fatten nicely. Treat stock well
for profit's sake and for humanity's
Early maturity is especially im
portant in beef cattle rearing; pro
gressive breeders appreciate it, as
do the buyers, who pay the nest
prices for the early matured steer,
which always una a superior quality
when finished off for the block before
two years old. Still there are
thousands who do not seem to know
Let the milk obtained from the
beef herd, or the beef sold from the
milk herd, be extra profit only, for
to make it profitable on either hand
the stock must be selected with
reference to the specialty in view.
There is no reason why a number
of farmers can not unite in buying a
good stallion, or bull, as well as to
pay some one else for keeping it tor
them and making protlt from them.
Co-operation in buying blooded
breeding stock will save high ser
Sugar of milk is being made from
whey, after the butter and casein of
the milk have been extracted. Even
for pig feed this whey is of but little
value, yet iu it lies a most impor
tant product, and one which
promises to create a great industry.
When we figure the lull cost of
feed, and against it only the selling
value ot the milk and butter, omit
ting all consideration of the
skimmed milk or buttermilk, we
omit a factor of importance, and one
which has much to do with the ques
tion of profit.
1 Winter feed will not cost much
Vrtv 1 fl B ra
more than that of summer if it is
properly obtained and fed. Good
millet, hay and corn fodder can be
provided in abundance, and the soil
will yield enough succulent food to
keep the animals in excellent con
dition. It is an important part of success
ful dairying to select, for raising,
heifer calves with vigorous physical
characteristics as well as with a
reputable pedigree. Any cow, in
order to be a prolific yielder of milk,
must be a hearty eater, with good
Weedy pastures may explain why
much of our butter is below, in
quality, the product of European
countries. In many of their locali
ties soiling is practiced. When the
food Is carried to the cows, depend
upon it weeds are not fed. It is not
a hard matter to remedy the evil of
dirty pastures, and a wise man will
find the best way.
Good butter is at the end of a
chain of a dozen links of care. The
thing to be lifted by the chain is the
price of butter in the market. One
imperfect link jeopardizes the
whole. With a whole chain the
price will be nearly uniform the
The great trouble is to have
hens laying these cold days.
them with a hot meal every morn
ing of some boiled vegetables witti
bran or meal. If very cold, warm
the water, and supply them often.
Do not forget the chopped clover nor
other green food, and the green
bone, cut or broken fine. Feed
meat scraps, and, above all, keep
the biddies warm and dry.
Every breed has points of merit of
its own, with a variety to suit every
taste, and the breeder who is versed
in the practical side of the business
makes a success of it. The laying
qualities of hens are susceptible of
development, just us is the milking
trait in cows.
Edward Atkinson says that the
product of the egg mines is greater
in value than the product of the iron
furnaces; is about twice tho value
of the wool product, and three or
four tini'vS that of the output of
Sunflower seed is worth about ""
cents a bushel, and there is con
siderable demand for it. At this
price it should be a profitable crop.
If an acre be grown as an adjunct to
the poultry farm and fed to the
fowls, a much greater return could
be had from it.
A cockerel can be caponized at
any age, but, as with all other
animals, the best results are ob
tained by performing the operation
when they are young. No definite
time of the year can be designated,
as it can be done in one month as
well as another.
Peach trees, to he healthy and
yield more fruit, require fertilizing
and good cultivation as much as any
other tree; but when they receive
this they grow rapidly and form lots
of wood, and this should be kept cut
back just as should any vine or
shrub, by pinching or cutting off the
Keep the orchard fenced from all
stock, plant to hoed crops for three
years, and then sow to clover.
When bearing give it a load of
manure for every load of apples
taken away. Do not expect it to
bear for 20 years without food.
Combine bee keeping, with fruit
growing, and you can more easily
procure two crops irom the same
land; and this double cropping re
quires no actional fertilizing, is not
exhaustive, demands no extra plow
ing or cultivation, tew crops ask
so little outlay as the honey crop.
Endeavor to plant out trees which
are not more than two years from
bud or graft. They are more easily
dug, have better roots, hold more
lirinly In the grotunt, and start into
vigorous growth again with less
To set out a nice orchard and then
let the trees take care of themselves
is to ignore tho thousand and one
dangers which are ever ready to
beset orchard trees. .Let us not
forget that the primary object, is to
grow healthy, strong fruit bearing
vine s own experience and obser
vatious are important, but to be con
fined to these is only to invite dis
mai lauure. experience is a dear
There seems to be nothing people
enjoy talking about so much as a
married couple that don't get along
" Your life has been one of many
reverses." said the kind lady.
"Yes'm," answered Dismal Dowsoii,
l'bout every place I turn up I git
The man who circulates an evil
report against his neighbor without
knowing it to be true is only less to
blame than the ther man who
deliberately manufactures such are
port. A love-sick swain of lO'l has taken
a blushing bride of 101 in a Ken
tucky town. The ceremony was
witnessed by KK)0 relatives and
friends, and the couple drove off in
a one-hoss shay eighty-three years
"What qualifications have you for
"Been in the coal business all my
"Cannot see the connection."
"I've been lying in weight for dis
Unless there is a very great im
provement in the matter of enforc
ing the laws we now have, there is
but little use in adding others mere
ly to be trampled on with impunity.
What we need most now is, not ad
ditional legislation, but an honest
and rigid execution of the laws now
on the books. Tullahoma Guardian.
Consistency is a jewel not worn by
all the State papers. Many of them
are making much ado about fee re
from when that will hardly take a
dollar from the bunion of taxation,
as fees in most cases are not paid as
taxes. At the same time and often
in the same column is a loud
demand for the Centennial ap
propriation of $100,01)0, every copper
of which must be raised by tax
ation. Pulaski Citluen.
Lost, strayed or stolen One
cream colored prosperity, two
months old, about twenty-four
hands high, slightly disfigured in
the west end, wabbles a little, and
has no teeth. Suitable reward for
its return to me or Mark Hanna
Billy McKinly. Lawrence Demo
crat. Any old rascal wanting his paper
stopped will please sneak up and we
will accommodate him. We don't
want our light hid under a bushel;
we don't want this paper to go to
any but intelligent, sensible, ap
preciative homes. We publish this
because it you go whining round
pretending you want the N.-B.
stopped and can't get it done with
out blowing the Temple up with a
lot of dynamite, people will all know
you are telling the crack lie of the
season. lroy News-Banner.
Dog vs. Man.
An exchange draws a parallel be
tween a man and dog, inclining to
favor the latter, in these words:
'Help a dog out of the ditch, and no
matter what Kinu or a dog he is
town or country dosr, educated or
illiterate, aristocratic or plebeau
he will wag his tail into paralysis
and exhaust every muscle to tell
that every drop of blood in his veins
is at your service. Help, a man out
of a ditch and what follows depends
rery much upon his creed."
Save lour Life
P.y using "Tho New (ireat South
iii'!rieaii Kidney Cure." This new
remedy is a ureat surprise on account
of its exceeding promptness in reliev
ing pain in the Kidney, Bladder and
lisiRK in male or leimiiu. It relieves re
tention of water, and pain in passing it
almost immediately. Save yourself by
usini; this marvelous cure. Itstise will
prevent fatal consequences in almost all
cases by its great alterative and healing
powers. Sold iiy A. J$. Hums, Druggist,
Columbia, lenu. (icuiziy
COLUMBIA MARKET HEl'OKT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Sorghum, from wagon 18(i$ 20
nutter I io 16
Wool 4 10
iinsenn 2 0002 25
liens 151 20
Spring Chickens 7(312
Clear sides. ni 514
Hams yA "
Crimson Clover 3 00
KUih Urass 2 oo
Orchard Urass 2 00
Timothy 2 IK)
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
wheat Klrtf; i5
Com 22$ 25
Oats 2HA 35
Una -Clover, from wairon HOui .'(i
Tituotny ,irom wagon lAHa lio
Lard, from wagon n-ift 6
Flour, per bbl 4 75(5 25
Sugar, granulated 5i,(j 6,'i
Meal, from mill
Hn iiitf t his day t.UimKtid t Ihi insolvency
ot t ht e-tiitt' of (ieorni. Ktix-kunl (colored)
di'censiMl. this is to notify nil persons liolil
iii!! claims Multilist xnid estate to file tliein
with the Clerk of the County Court of
Miiury County, duly nut lient ieated. oil or
before the lstli day of .Inly, 1i7. or the same
will lie forever barred, this the 1st h dav
of .In uuary. ls'.iT. V. t . (ioKHoN.
jan-2 it Administrator.
will hold their sixth annual sale at South Side Park
the second week in April, to which entries will posi
VK want nothing but animals in conditioner the
sale ring. First-class business horses
will be in greater demand this spring than ever be
fore. Begin now to get your stock in condition.
For entry blanks and lurther Information, address
SHELTON & DALE. Columbia, Tenn.
Or JOHN 1 SlctiAW, Jr., at A. . Totter Livery Co.
JanlSDt ; . '.
'.-1 n u i i'
eg e tabic Prep aration for As
ting the Stomachs and Dowels of
ncss and Rest.Contains neither
Opwm.Morptiirte nor Mineral.
Ptvmfltm Set J'
JioJulU SlU -.
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
QCSS and LOSS OF SLEEP.
lac Simile Signature of .
EXACT COPy OF WBAPPEB.
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
EOUGH and DRESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings,
WOOD delivered to all parts of the city.
)WGool poplar Ioks and lumber wanted.
i. i j ij r i nun hi iiu iu
Then, it takes only a look at our
goods and a quotation of our prices,
and the trade is closed, and you leave
our store a happy person, better off in
this world's goods by having traded
with us. W. J. OAKES,
IS ON THE
Castorl U put up in one-size lottlei only, It
Is not sold in bulk. Don't allow anyone to sell
yon anything else on the plea or promise that it
is "J nit as good" and "will answer every pnr.
pose." f See that yon get G-A-S-T-0-&-I-A.
and Dealers la
Call and see n hpfnra hnvincr a! aav h a fa.
If so, you would
do well to wend your
steps toward our
store, where you can
find anything in that
line you want.
North Main Street, (.'oliunliiu, Tcnu.