Newspaper Page Text
THE COI.rMr.I.A 1IE1JALD: Till DAY, .MAHdl
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
In tlit-County Il.w.
Out of the County 1.25.
Entered at tliR post-ottlc" nt Columbia. Ten
nosM'M hh sccxiid-cliiss niftll mutter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
The Hkkai.I) had something to
say last week in regard to the Citi
zens' Telephone Co., and why it
should be patronized and sustained.
We wish to pursue not that subject
but that line of thought, still a littlo
Why should we not build up Co
lumbia and Maury County by com
bining as a people to buy and build
and operate our own a if airs?
Why should the moneyed men, the
business men, the tax payers, allow
bonds to be issued by the town of
Columbia to build an electric light
plant, and allow the interest on
those bonds to be paid to Eastern
capitalists, when we have the money
and can jut as well make that in
vestment as not. We do not lack
the money. All we lack la public
spirit and confidence in home en
terprises. Our banks have more
money than they can loan, and it
belongs to the people of this town
and county. It is lale, dead capital.
Why not invest It in home inter
prises of one kind and another.
Whatever Columbia needs she is
able to build and to own, if the peo
ple would try to build each other up
instead of slandering and pulling
each other down.
No community on earth has a
finer opportunity to-day to grow rich
and prosperous, than the good peo
ple of Mt. Pleasant. What more
could nature do than she has done?
Will these favored people now sell
their birthright for a mess of pot
tage? Why ship the raw material
thousands of miles away, that oth
ers may reap the profit of the manu
factured article? Why sell for a song
the raw material, when its value
can be so easily and so materially
increased by a little work and the
banding together of our own srr.dll
capitalists? Why further enrich
the plutocrats of foreign countries
by borrowing their money when we
have idle money of our own? Why
go to Wall street for money, when
we can find it nearer at home? Why
should foreign capitalists have more
confidence in our phosphate lands
aim iertinzcr companies than we
And speaking of Wall street. A
recent statement shows over fifty-
five million dollars of idle money in
New ork. Whose money is it?
Does it belong to New Yorkers, all
of it? Not by any means. A very
large part of it belongs to the people
oi tne houtli. Any one not very
well posted would be surprised to
know how much Southern money is
lying idle in New York. It is sent
from tlio Southern banks to the
Eastern banks, where it draws a
mere trine in the way of interest.
Those people borrow our money at 2
or 3 per cent interest, and with it
buy our 0 per cent bonds. They
borrow our money and loan it back
to us and make money by the deal.
They borrow our money, manufac
ture our raw materials, ship them
back to us, and we pay them a profit,
with the freight both ways.
No wonder they grow immensely
rich while we do well to hold our
own. Lets stop that. Lets invest
our money at home. Lets help pub
lic enterprises. Lets enlarge upon
the Citizens' Telephone idea. Lets
organize a Maury County Citizens'
Improvement Company, and push it
A si'KciAii from Huntsville, Ala.
to the Nashville American, says:
"Under the laws of Alabama a
saloon man who sells liquor on Sun
day is liable for indictment for per
jury, they being required to take an
oath not to commit this ofTense be
fore a liquor license is granted. The
saloon-keepers have openly violated
this law for a number of months in
Huntsville. The late grand jury
threatened to indict the offenders
for purjury if the present state of
affairs contiuned, and to-day every
saloon is as silent as a tomb." A
grand jury "threatening" to indict
violators of the law! And speaking
of perjury, what have the aforesaid
grand jurors done but purjure them
selves when thej' resort to threats
instead of performing their sworn
duties? If a man steals a horse, is
he "threatened" with indictment if
caught stealing another. If a man
murders another doe? he escape
witb a scolding until a like second
offense? And yet Alabama is not
the only State cursed with such
jurors. Tennessee has its share of
them, and here as elsewhere the law
has its pets.
H. Clay Evans, the man with
the martyred toe, is now slated as
Commissioner of Pensions. The
place would suit him well, as he
was himself a distinguished mem
ber of the wagon train.
NO HIDING I'.hlllM) Till: SCHKKXS.
There is war between the whiskey
sellers of Columbia, the whiskey
makers of Maury County, and the
Hoard of Mayor and Aldermen of
said city. The Hoard lias passed a
law to remove the screens and frost
ed windows from the saloons, and to
compel them to do business on the
first floor and in the open as it were,
and the whiskey sellers, wholesale
and retail, have retained legal coun
sel to test the constitutionality of
The liKUAiii) is in favor of protect
ing every man in his constitutional
rights. Whether this law is consti
tutional or not, the courts will de
termine. Those agrieved by the law
have a right to appeal to the courts.
We would not if we could, deprive
tiiein of that right. At the same
time the Hoard, we hope, will not be
bluffed from continuing the way
which, if the law will sustain
them, is the road to good morals,
good government and right living.
And since the whiskey seller pro
poses to fight and not submit, in or
der to make the legal battle all the
more interesting; in order to test
the law to its fullest, why not add a
few more restrictions, and fight it
all out at one and the same time.
If the legislature of Tennessee is
so dominated by the whiskey ring
that they will not even give the
people a chance to vote for a local
option law, the legislature of Colum
bia should at least give us the best
temperance laws they can, under
the laws as they now exist. Instead
of going to extremes as the whiskey
sellers claim, this Reform Hoard
hab not taken these progressive steps
as fast as tneir supporters and
friends thought and hoped they
The present law provides that all
houses where intoxicating drinks
are sold shall close at 10 o'clock at
night. Constitutionally the law
would be just as sound if it read
eight instead of ten o'clock, and it
would please the temperance people
just that much better.
The present corporation law pro
vides that retail liquor sellers shall
puy a privilege license of $50 per
year. It could easily be made to
read $500, and we believe would
stand the test of the courts just as
well. If the saloon keepers all "saw
the raise," (to choose their manner
of speech) this licensed evil would
yield the city quite a nice little
revenue. On the other hand if they
thought it too high and chose to
"pass out," then that would give us
local prohibition, and really that is
what we want.
There is no use in having a little
law suit every time we want to take
a step towards temperance legisla
tion. Hetter take one long stride and
have a law suit right. The wh iskey
men never hesitate or fail to
claim all their rights under the law;
let the temperance men do the
same. The law that gives to the sa
loon business a license, also gives to
municipal corporations the right to
regulate them, and that right this
Heard elected pre-eminently for
that purpose should exercise to the
furthest legal limit, and to the full
est moral extent.
Senator Dubois, sjlver Republi
can, has put the goldites to think
ing as well as guessing. If Mr.
Dubois is not mistaken, the silver
Republicans, the Populists and the
Democrats will organize the Senate,
and block Mark Ilanna's little game
of running the country for the ex
clusive benefit of the money
changers and corporations. If the
silver forces in tins Senate make the
money standard question the
controlling issue, and stand together,
MeKinley can do nothing, and a do
nothing administration will as
effectually and eternally damn him
as it has Cleveland. The people
want relief, and if they don't get it
the party in power will go down in
defeat. So on the whole the outlook
for 1SKX) already begins to brighten.
O hover Cleveland, as Presi
dent, died a degenerate, obstinate
and unrepentant sinner. Ono of his
last acts was to veto the Immigra
tion bill, through which Congress
sought to protect the honest laborers
of this country from the ignorant,
dishonest and pauper labor of other
countries. The corporations want
this cheap labor, and as usual, dro
ver sided with the corporations.
Thank the Lord, Grover's sun has
set. The House, however, passed
the bill over his veto.
A Legislator has introduced a
bill in the Nevada General Assem
bly providing for an appropriation
for a pugilistic championship belt,
made of silver, to be presented to the
winner of the Corbett-Fitzsimmous
fight. Poor Nevada! She has gone
over, whole soul and body, to the
It may be all right for members
of the legislature to accept a free
ride to Washington at the railroad's
expense. We do not wish to censure
severely those who have done so.
But it was bad taste, to say the least
Skvkkal of the Southern villages,
New Orleans, Montgomery, Hirm
ingham, etc., had their Mardi Gras
exercises last Wednesday, if you
will turn to some paper dated about
this time last year, you can learn
what they did. Mardi (Iras, like
circusses, are running out of date.
Tick records of the Fifty-Fourth
Congress, just none ut of existence,
show nothing remarkable except ex
travagance in spending the public
McKixi.ky was inaugurated yes
terday. Our special wire broke
down in despair, an 1 our readers
must wait until next week for a re
port of the proceedings.
IT I TION VI. CONVENTION.
Doi It Itllsitieart I inter a Constitution
Sixty-Three Your Olil.
Those who were fortunate enough to
hear the lion. James If. Malone, of
Memphis, and the lion. W. 15. Switney,
of Chattanooga, speak on this subject
at the Court House Tuesday night of
last week, were deeply impressed with
the very great importance of many
proposed changes in our fundamental
law. They presented the subject
forcibly and eloquently, and left no
room for doubt in the minds of those
who heard them.
In eloquent terms they pictured the
beginning of organized government
among the hardy pioneers of the
Watauga Settlement under written
articles of association ; they tracod the
progress and development of these peo
ple until their admission to the Union
as the State of Tennessee under the
Constitution of 1790; they pointed out
the manner in which the provisions of
this charter were suited to the primitive
condition of our ancestors, and to their
rude and undeveloped state of industry
and society, but that as society ad
vanced, industry developed and popu
lation increased, the people rose and
broke the written shackles which
bound in their libertv of progress, and
ordained and established the Constitu
tion of 18,54. This Constitution was a
great advance over that of 17'Jti in a
great many particulars, and we are
practically living under this same Con
stitution of 1K34, the Constitutional
Convention of 1870 virtually adopting
it with such amendments as were made
necessary by the war.
We are then living under a Constitu
tion 63 years old, formed at a stage of
our development which we have long
since passed. The average life of a Con
stitution in the various States is about
20 years, and in many States the period
for Constitutional revision is fixed in
the organic law itself and "the legisla
ture is required at stated intervals to
submit to the people the question of
holding such a convention ; as, in New
Hampshire, every seven years; in Iowa,
every ten years; in Michigan, every
sixteen years; in New York, Ohio,
Maryland, Virginia, every twenty
years." (Henry Hitchcock's A incricun
State Constitution, p. lit; quoted in John
Fiske'a Civil Government in the United
Ntntes, p. 1115.)
So that it is seen in these large,
flourishing and powerful common
wealths experience has tauirht the peo
ple tlio wisdom and necessity of revis
ing, at comparatively short intervals,
tlios'j regid and inflexible rules which
must, necessarily for the time being fix
the destiny of the State. Some may
marvel at the frequent changes made
in state Constitutions and contrast
therewith t ho wonderful stability of
the Federal Pact. But a slight rellee
tion upon the nature and purpose of
these respective instruments will show
us that this could not and should not
The Federal Government is an asso
ciation of the independent States for
the iiurposcs of general government,
and it only lias such powers as are
specifically delegated to it by the
States. The proper subjects for the
exercise of its power are, first, foreign
affairs ; second, those internal matters
of a general nature affecting two or
more States, and which are not properly
within the province of State adminis
tration. It has nothing to do with local
government, and this great problem is
wisely left altogether to the people of
each State respectively; and, as said
above, the Federal (Jovcrntnent only
has such powers as are specifically del
egated to it by the States, and these
have been found suflieiently broad and
in some eases, entirely too broad for all
purposes for which the General Govern
ment was originally established.
tlifyhu other hand, the legislatures of
tjte States possess all the power of the
jieofiTif themselves, unless they are
limited by written rules laid down by
the people themselves in convention
assembled. The people have this in
herent and inalienable right to limit
and direct the law making power, and
this they do when they form a Con
stitution. A Constitution is not the
author and source of our liberties, but
it is a manifestation of our power and
an evidence of our liberty. It is by
this means that we protect ourselves
from the unlimited power of our legis
latures, and restrain them in certain
directions, wherein we fear they may
abuse their power to our injury.
But State Constitutions have come to
be more than mere inhibitions upon
legislative powers, or confined to a
general outline of the organization of
government. They contain many
mandatory provisions, and many pro
visions which formerly were left en
tirely to the legislature. But the failure
of legislatures to do what the people
desired should be done, or the instability
of legislation on some important sub
jects, led the people to put certain mat
ters of legislation In their fundamental
law, beyond the power of the legisla
ture to repeal or amend. Mr. Fiske,
whom we have (pioted several time
notices this feature in the develop-1
ment of State Constitutions. In his
chapter n Written Constitutions, lie
says: "Before pursuing this subject,
we may observe that American State
Constitutions have altered very much
in character since the first part of the
present century. The earlier Constitu
tions were confined to a gener.il out
line of t In; organization of the govern
ment. They did not undertake to make
the laws, but to prescribe the conditions
under which laws might be made and
executed. Id-cent Staie Constitutions
enter more and more boldly upon
the general work of legislation. For
example, in some states they specify
what kind of property shall be exempt
from seizure tor debt ; they make regu
lations as to the railroad freight
charges: they prescribe certain details
of practice in the courts, or they forbid
thu sale of intoxicating liquors. I'ntil
recently such subjects would have been
left to the legislatures; no one would
have thought of putting them into a
Constitution. The' motive in so doing
is a wisli to put certain laws into such
a shape that it will be dillioult to re
peal them. What a legislature sots fit
to enact this year it may see tit to re
peal next year." Civil Government in
the United States, p. I'M.
This practice is not altogether a bad
one. In this way the people themselves
directly pass upon aud enact certain
important laws, and put them beyond
the venality or-incompetency of the
legislatures. "Moreover," says Mr.
Fiske again, "a direct vote by the peo
ple gives a weightier sanction to a law
than a vote in the legislature. There is
also, no doubt, a disposition to distrust
legislatures and in some measure do
their work for them by direct popular
enactment. For such reasons some re
cent State Constitutions have come al
most to resemble bodies of statutes. Mr.
Woodrow Wilson suggestively com
pares this kind of popular legislation
with the Swiss practice known as the
Referendum; in most of the Swiss
cantons an important act of the legisla
ture does not require the force of law
until it has been referred to the people
and voted on by them." ps. 195-l!)(i.
In making some adverse criticism
upon this practice, Mr. Fiske continues:
"It would, however, be premature at
the present time to pronounce con
fidently upon a practice of such recent
origin. It is clear that its tendency is
extremely democratic, and that it Im
plies a high standard of general in
telligence and independence among
the people. If the evils of the practice
are found to outweigh its benefits, it
will doubtless fall into disfavor." p.
All of this goes to show that written
Constitutional government is still in
a state of development, that changing
conditions require revision in our laws,
and that written Constitutions which
undertake to deal with the great
problem of local government must
necessarily require constant amend
meni and that It must always be so,
until human wisdom and human nature
reach a state of absolute perfection.
We have seen that some of the greatest
and most powerful States in the Union
have fixed In their Constitutions com
paratively short periods for submitting
to the people the question of calling a
Constitutional Convention; and our
own experience has taught us the wis
dom of the provision. For many
years an effort has been made to have
the question submitted in this State,
but the legislature could not be pre
vailed upon to consider the subject. At
last, however, the popular demand be
came so strong that ths legislature
could no longer resist. This should be
remedied by a provision in our organic
law similar to that In other states.
This article has gone beyond the
limits which we intended. We simply
desire to impress upon our readers
t hat written Constitutional government
is still in a state of development and
that constant revision is necessary to
meet changing conditions.
EVANS IS LOCATED.
Mo will lie Appointed ('oinniN0iiir of
CiiATT.YNOoiA, March 1. It is
stated to-day, on what is considered
as authority, that J I. Clay Evans has
received the appointment of Com
missioner of Pensions, and that he
will accept. Certain it is that Mr.
Evans was summoned to Washing
ton by wire, leaving this morning
for that city, twenty-four hours
ahead of the time he had fixed to go.
Mr. Evans, it is understood, had at
first decided not to accept the Pen
sion Commissionship, but it was
represented to him that unless he
did his friends in this and other
Southern states would stand abso
lutely no show for pie, with Brown
low us the dispenser, and then it
was Mr. Evans saw that, in order to
meet his enemies in equal combat,
he would have to be right on the
ground. Hence it is given out that
he will accept.
Kept Open loo Late.
City Marshal Latta and officer
James Roberts arrested Dick Fariss,
bar-tender tit the Bethell House sa
loon, Monday night, for keeping
open after the legal hour of closing.
Ten o'clock is the time set by the
law of the city for closing up saloons,
but, about 11 o'clock the oflicers
found several men in this establish
ment drinking beer, hence the arrest.
Mr. Fariss submitted his case be
fore Judge Erwin, and was fined $25
.Mr. Head Did not Come.
A crowd was here last Monday,
many of whom had come purposely
to hear the Hon. J. M. Head discuss
the Constitutional Convention ques
tion. But they were doomed to dis
appointment, a sickness in his fam
ily prevented Mr. Head from being
present. This question ought to be
more discussed and better under
stood than it is, and some arrange
ment should be made for speakers.
!jiKiennon, -Won S roster, j
PICKING THE WINNERS.
Our buyer has been in New York for more than a week
"picking the winners" for our spring business. He writes
us that lie is buying goods lower than ever bctore. He has
sent us some beautiful things in woolen dress goods for early
spring wear; mingled and cheeked cheviots with all the
Our ladies muslin underwear department is still the most
attractive spot in the store for the ladies.
Next Monday, March 8,
quilts that you would consider cheap at $1.25. A
fortunate move on our part enabled us to buy them so we
can sell them to you next Monday at 75c each.
NAPKINS.-We were also fortunate in securing 20 doz
en large size dinner napkins, all pure linen, the $3 kind, so
that we can sell them to you next Monday at $1.90 per
dozen. Also 10 dozen of the $1.50 kind, all pure linen, at
$1.10 per dozen.
SHEETING. Six pieces 9-4 bleached sheeting, a well
known brand, that sells at 25c per yard, Monday' s price
16 i-2c per yard. Six pieces of 10-4 unbleached sheeting,
the 20c kind, Monday's price, 13 I-2C per yard.
HAMBURGS. 20 pieces of Hamburg edging, the 10c
and I2c kinds, Mondays' $ price, Sc per yard.
GINGHAMS. Twenty bolts of apron checked ging
hams at 3 I-2C per yard.
SHIRTS. We have six dozen colored shirts, all of them
size 14I, the 75c kind, next Saturday and Monday's pricey
to ' close them out, 35c each.
SHOES A few more pair of those railroad shoes to go
Saturday and Monday at $1.98 per pair.
We have just opened the prettiest line of shirts made by
the Manhattan Shirt Co., that has ever been in town. Boys,
now is the time to get just the thing you want.
A few more of those $7.50 suits left to go aty.75. Don't
wait until its too late to get one.
Remember that every Friday is our Remnant day.
Mail orders are filled promptly.
If you see it in our ad it's so.
ItlcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
P. S. One thousand yards of our yard wide Sea Island
Domestic, the 6c kind, next Monday at 4c per yard.
McK , A. & F.
The Mullanphy Savings Rank, of
St. Louis, closed last Saturday. The
capital stock of the bank was $100,
000. The United States Building; &
lioan Association, of Louisville,
KyM has been forced to the wall.
What appears to be a genuine vol
cano has burst forth in great Bait
Lake. The phenomenon first ap
peared recently in the form of a
small cloud hovering over the water
about a mile and a quarter from the
shore. It. gradually increased in
dimensions and shot up so high iti
the air that it is now visible for a
great distance, and the water in the
immediate vicinity boils aud seethes
and the spray is thrown up in the
air for hundreds of feet.
Ex-State Treasurer Bartley, of
Nebraska, has been arrested on the
charge of embezzling $.j'57,7G2.9:j of
the state's money.
The City Council of Chicago, by a
unanimous vote, has passed an
ordinance requiring every dealer of
cigarettes in Chicago to pay an
annual license of $100. The law
passed says that cigarettes cannot
be sold within 200 feet of a school
house, and that all sold by licensed
dealers must have been inspected
by the Commissioner of Health and
received his approval as to their
purity. The number of packages
sent to Chicago annually approxi
I have discoverod with the aid of
statistics that more money is ex
pended in the United (States for
cigars than for all the common
schools in the country. It has been
estimated that the cost of washing
linen that might just as well be worn
two days longer amounts to enough
in this country to more than defray
the expenses of the American Board
of Foreign Missions. The expense
of buttons on the backs of our coats,
where they are of no earthly use, is
equal to the support of all our orphan
asylums. It is estimated that the
value of old boots thrown aside
which might have been worn at least
a day longer is more than enough to
buy a flannel nightgown for every
baby in the land. Also, that the
cost of every inch of the full shirt
collars of our young men is equal to
the sum necessary to put a Bible In
tho hands of every Hottentot in
South Africa. And if a man had his
hair cut every two weeks the bar
bers would get rich. Philadelphia
Notice What We Saj.
We guarantee "Blue Seal"' and
"Ever Bright" flours.
Coh mbia Mill & Elevator Co.
If you want the news,
Subscribe for the
the specials will be fifty white
LIVE STOCK NOTES.
Monday though the weather was
not very propitious brought a largo
number of mules and other stock to
town. Trade, however, was some
what dull, and prices were not as
high as they should have been.
There were only four buyers here
from a distance namely, Messrs.
Hodges of Opelika, Ala., Cope
land of Montgomery, Ala.. Joe
Rainey, of Troy, Ala., and Al Shry
ers, of Nashville. The latter named
gentleman was purchasing heavy
mules. The highest prico paid for a
mule was $117,00, which was sold to
Mr. Copeland by Allen Harlan.
John Barrow received a load of
feeders from Indiana Mon lay. Mr.
Barrow also sold 43 mules to Messrs.
Walker and Stoekard Tuesday.
Botts & Maths shipped a load of
hogs and cattle to Louisville Satur
day, and a load of hogs to Richard
Wilkes, of Birmingham, Ala., tho
Alexander & Vaughan shipped a
load of hogs to Birmingham, and
one to the Louisville market Tues
day. Henderson & Rainey picked up a
load of mules on the square Mon
day, and sinpped to Troy, Ala.
Copeland & Mitchell bought a load
of mules Monday and shipped to
Patton Whittaker purchased a
load of mules on the square Monday,
and shipped to Hodge Bros., of
A special stock train of ten cars of
cattle and hogs from Giles county
passed through Columbia last Satur
day. The A. W. Potter Livery Compa
ny sold a fine harness hors9 to Mr.
Rainey, of Troy, Ala., this week.
Harlan Bros. & Parks this week
sold a fine horse to parties in Ala
bama for $150.
Seven fine jacks, five of them
ready for use this season, all of them
good stock, of the black Spanish
breeding. I will sell them on a
credit of six or twelve months with
notes and security. These animals
can be seen on my farm, three miles
west of Columbia, on the Mt. Pleas
ant pike. For further particulars
call at my olllce in Col umbia.
feb2G-4t E. O. Grant.
A Small Failure.
Dr. R. Holding assigned his stock
of goods last Friday to Mr. Sims
Latta, Trustee. His liabilities
amounted to only about $800, but his
capital being very limited, trade
dull and the outlook discouraging,
he decided to quit. No man in all
this community is more deserving
of success than Dr. Holding, and we
know we voice the sentiment of all
who know him when we say that we
hope he will find some new engage
ment, both pleasant and profitable.