Newspaper Page Text
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
In the County 11.00.
Out of the County 1.25.
Entered nl the poHt-ofllce at Columbia. Ten
nessee H8 second-class mall matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
Wk congratulate all parties con
cerned, that the light question for
Columbia ha9 been so happily set
tled. It is far better for the tax
payer, than to have been burdened
with a $16XX) bonded debt, and it is
far better for the Light Company
than to have a rival for the business
here. We hope the company will
proceed at once to put their plant in
good repair and give the public bet
ter service than they did last year.
How will it profit the people if
the legislature cuts down the fees ot
clerks and sheriffs, and raises the
tax rate. The good they do in the
first instance will be off set by the
bad done in the second. Instead of
raising the rate they should curtail
expenses. The idea of raising the
tax rate in Tennessee, in order to
give $50,000 of the peoples money to
a Nashville show and $30,000 to a
state militia, drunken and undis
ciplined, to the shame and disgrace
of the State.
Mauby Democrat: "The silver
men were defeated, the gold men
are seated, and it is highly probable
now that the money question will
receive even less attention than the
set of a congressman's collar." This
is the song now being sung by all
the goldites, but it is only sung to
keep their courage up. They know
that the money question is etill the
paramount question in American
politics, and, if they don't know
they will soon learn, that their sly
efforts to side track it will not work.
Now that the wiseacres on Capi
tol Hill have incorporated the Cen
tennial City, and recognized the
constitutional and inherent right of
an American citizen to go there and
get drunk, it does seem that the
city, its managers and the work
men therein should be amenable to
the laws governing other people and
communities in this State. And
that proposition should prove true
then the whole city should be in
dieted for violating the Sabbath, for
last Sunday the workmen there were
a9 busy as bees, and the sound of
their hammers could be heard all
the day long. But a little thing like
violating one of God's command
ments will not dampen the ardor
the average Centennial enthusiast
We have had worse legislatures
than this one, but that is not saying
this one is all it should be. From a
party standpoint, however, the
Democrats may draw this comfort;
the disappointment comes from the
other side of the house. The re
form bills passed was the work of
the Democrats, opposed by the solid
Republican vote. The Centennial
and other extravagant appropria
tions, were made possible by the
united Republican support, aided
by a few from the other side, and
the failure of the Local Option, the
Railroad Commission, and other
anti-corporation bills, cannot be
charged to the Democrats, for a ma
jority of these were true to their in
structions and to the peoples inter
est. The promise of that "wave of
prosperity" won the Republicans
many thousand votes; and Mr. Mc
Kinley would not to-day be Pres
ident if the people had not been
deceived and deluded into believing
that he was indeed and in fact the
"advance agent of prosperity." If
he fulfills his mission all may be well
for him ; but if he fails as fail he
must then those deceptions and
broken promises will be potent
factors against him and his party in
1900. The people need relief, and
their cry of distress will continue to
be heard, and no party can remain
in power until something is done to
ameliorate their condition. They
are patient and long suffering, but
live they must, and live they will,
and if needs be, by revolution.
The people have much to com
plain of just now. Whatever affects
the farmer, affects us all, and just
now the rain and weather will not
allow the farmer to plant his crops,
the Dingley tariff law is about to
raise the cost of all the necessaries
of life, and the Tennessee legisla
turewho don't seem to know
whether they have a deficit or a sur
plusare spending money as if it
grew on trees, and to avoid the de
ficit they are determined to make,
will, doubtless, raise the tax rate.
With his land under water, his
fences washed away, the assessed
value of his farm raised last year,
the tax rate this, everybody and
everything being protected by a
tariff, except him and his, the pro
ducer, worn and weary, disheart
ened and discouraged, tries first one
political party, then another, and
flads dls.i?j:lataisat ta bota,
The levee system on the Missis-
ippi, if not a failure is so uncertain
and insecure a protection from the
the floods, that the old canal system
eretofore discussed is likely to be
renewed. Tho higher the levees are
raised, the higher the bed of the
iver 6eeins to become, which, when
the breaks occur make the results
11 the more ruinous to property and
faal to life, so that it is a question
after all if the levee system nviy not
the future prove a stupendous
mistake. The canals to the ocean,
f once built, could be maintained at
far less expense than the levees,
but the cost of building them would
The Nashville Sun threatens to
fight the whiskey ring because they
have combined their forces with the
railroad lobby in the Senate to de
feat legislation hostile to either.
That may be reason sufficient, but
there are better reasons still for
hting the whiskey ring in Ten
nessee. I hey have combined their
forces with the devil to fight the
manhood and destroy the happiness
of homes in Tennessee, and are not
to be compared with any other cor
poration, combine, trust or ring in
the damage they do to the State.
Wk invite your attention to the
report of the Farmers' and Mer
chants' Bank, to be found elsewhere
n thin paper. Its own figures, which
we are not afraid to vouch for, speak
more in its praise than any words
could, and we hope those figures
will continue, as they have stead ily
been doing, to grow larger and
arger, month after month.
If there was any hope of talking
the thing to death, this so-called
tariff-debate might be endured with
grace and patience. But to endure
the talk and then be forced to swal
low the bill, is adding insult to in
jury. With our friend Mr. Chairman
Stewart of Lawrence county, to or
ganize a convention, and Mr.
Speaker Thompson to adjourn .it,
where would the noes be at?
What a fraud politicians are.
More than half the bills introduced
in Congress and the Legislatures,
are not for passage, but for bun
combe. THE FLOOD INCREASES.
The Mississippi is Spreading Devas
The Levees are Melting Away, and the
Angry Waters Cover Hundreds of
Miles of Fertile Territory.
The horror of the flood from the
Mississippi river increases daily,
and the worst is yet to come. The
weather bureaus predict that the
rise will continue until April 10; and
th's prediction was made before the
rains of yesterday, which were gen
eral, and in many places exceeding
Below Memphis the river is now
like an inland eea. Whole coun
ties are under water, and the loss of
live stock and other property is in
calculable. So far the loss of life
has been comparatively small, but
the people are huddled together on
the levees and in high places in the
towns, where at any time they may
be submerged. Their only hope is
in the levees, and this hope is fad
Thousands of men are kept at
work day and night, strengthening
weak places, but in many instances
their work is vain and they are
compelled to flee for their lives
The rescue boats have more than
they can do.
The levee has broken above and
below Greenville, and great uneasi
ness is felt for the town. .
Rosedale, Miss., is under water,
and Gunnison is in danger. Helena,
Ark., is also surrounded, and the
backwaters are encroaching.
Miles upon miles of laud that was
dry a few days ago are now sub
merged, and what to-morrow may
oring rorth no man can tell.
The Cumberland, the Tennessee
and Ohio were all falling yesterday
but the recent rains will swell them
again, and they in turn will pour
tneir torrents into the Mississippi.
City Marshall Latta and Officers
Roberts and Friel made a raid on
negro house on "Elam's row" last
Saturday night, and gathered three
"cullud gentlemen" and two white
8port9 iuto the fold. The boy were
rolling the bones and singing
"sebben nr elebben" for dear life
when the officers made their ap
pearance, and they were much taken
back by the presence of such un
invited guests. When arraigned for
trial Monday morning, Judge Erwin
fined each of them $5 and costs.
A Brave Girl.
"Do you think your sister likes
"Yes; she stood up for you at din
ner." "Stood up for me 1 Was anybody
saying anything against me?"
"No, nothing much. Father said
he thought you were rather a
donkey, but sis got up and said you
weren t, and told father he ought
to know better than judge a man by
his looks. Comic Vats.
STATE OFFICERS ELECTED.
Assembly Fulfills the Wishes
the Democratic Caucus.
Morgan, Harris uixl Craig; the Winner
Dein.x'niU Ciuhmh on the KailroHil
Friday was a busy day in the Sen
ate, and measures of considerable
importance were considered. The
major part of the morning session
was taken up with amending amend
ments to the Estes fee bill. After
some discussion it was made a spe
cial order for Tuesday afternoon at
During the afternoon spssion Sen
ator Canada sprung a resolution that
is calculated to block the progress of
the Conference Committee. The
resolution, in effect, provides that
the Conference Committee shall not
make its report without giving the
railroad contingent twenty-four
hours' notice before the report is
This measure was bitterly fought
by the friends of a Commission bill
on the grounds that it was utterly
without precedent and was contrary
to the established rules of the Sen
ate, and a lively debate followed.
The whole thing resulted, of course,
in the resolution being adopted by
ths Senate, the anticommissioners
having a majority of one.
The vote on the measure was as
Ayes Bartlett, Butler, Canada,
Case, Clements, Collingsworth,
Dabbs, Fitzgerald, Gilmore, Guild,
Houk, Keeney, Mann, Taylor, Tip
ton. Thomas. 16.
Noes Bate, Claiborne, Cline, El
lis, Evans, Gillham, Hamner, Hurt.
Hodges, Lee, Parker, Smithson,
Waddell, Whitaker, Thompson.-15.
Mr. Case's bill providing a State
Board of Law Examiners, to exam-
ne applicants for admission to the
bar, came up recommended for pas
sage. The bill was rejected by a
vote of 14 to 12. A motion was made
and carried that the bill be consid
ered, and it was set for Monday.
The special committee appointed
to investigate the status of the suits
of the State vs. ex-Comptroller Wal
ter Allen, ex-Treasurer Mahse T.
House and ex-Gov. John P. Buchan
an, submitted, through its Chair
man, Senator Gillam, its report,
which recommends that the State
maintain and prosecute these suits
against these officers, together with
the sureties of Allen and House.
The House completed its long and
tedious labor on the assessment bill
and it is now ready for a wrestling
match with the Senate. While there
were a large number of amendments
offered most of them were of minor
importance, and the bill as framed
by the subcommittee was not mate
rially altered, except In one or two
Proceeding. ' ' '
a very uneventful
day, especially in the Senate, and
altogether little or nothing was done
by this body.
Mr. Gilmore's bill to regulate the
rates of common carriers in the
transportation of freight and pas
sengers came up recommended for
passage. The bill passed. This bill
prohibits railroads or other common
carriers from discriminating against
any person, firm or locality, or in
the matter of "long" and "short"
The penitentiary bill, providing
for three commissioners but no
superintendent of prisons, passed
the House by a good vote.
The Senate and House met in joint
convention Tuesday morning for
the purpose of electing State officers.
The nominations by the Diimocratic
caucus Hons. W. S. Morgan, Jas.
A. Harris and E. H. Craig, were, of
course, all elected.
W. S. Morgan was put in nomina
tion by Mr. Norfleet, and George V.
Winstead (Republican) by Mr. Poz
ers, for Secretary. The vote resul
ted in 90 for Mr. Morgan and 36 for
Mr. Byrns nominated James A.
Harris and Mr. Case nominated
Capt. J. W. Baker (Republican) for
Comptroller. The roll call showed
that Mr. Harris had received 88
votes and Mr. Baker 35.
E. B. Craig and John M. Brabson
(Republican) were nominated for
Treasurer. Mr. Craig received 88
vote and Mr. Brabson 30.
After the joint convention had ad
journed, a message from Gov. Tay
lor was read, advising the assembly
to reconsider the penitentiary bill
and make certain amendments.
The Senate passed the Estes fee
bill as amended, and also passed the
bill providing for assessing railroad,
telephone and telegraph companies,
which becomes inoperative if the
Railroad Commission bill becomes a
The Senate passed Mr. Waddell's
uniform text book bill, after amend
ing it so as to allow the school direc
tors in each county to select the his
tories to be taught. Quite a number
of local bills aud .other bills of mi
nor import, were passed.
The House devoted the morning
session to local bills, and the after
noon session to considering the reve
nue bill by sections. The House
also held a night session, to consider
The Democrat Caucus.
A call for a Democratic caucus
had been made the day before, and
when called to order by Chairman
Jarvis, 69 members responded when
their names were called. Messrs.
Stockard, Courtney and Smith, were
among the number present, but Sen
ator Dabbs, of this district, was con
spiciously absent. The purpose of
the caucus was to take some action
on the Railroad Commission bill,
aud on motion the caucus recom
mended that the Senate recede from
its amendments, and pass the
Thompson bill as it was passed by
the House. The eight Democrats
who had opposed this measure
among whom was Senator Dabbs
absented themselves from the caucus.
Christianity th Corner-Stnn; ltellglon
an Ksxeiitlal Kleinent.
Whatever may be the nature and
number of a man's personal posses
sions in this life, death deprives him
of everything except his essential
character which, whether good or
bad, determines his ultimate des
tiny. Relatively, character is of more
importance than action, for the latter
is variable, while the former is sub
stantially uniform. It is of more im
portance than reputation, for, though
the character ordinarily creates the
reputation, they are sometimes very
dissimilar. A good deed, though
excellent in itself, is not so impor
tant as the quality of character
which produces it. The moral ele
ment is of supreme significance. The
greatest physical excellence deter
iorates sooner or later, the finest
minds are always liable to failure,
but the moral character survives
every other element of human be
ing, and will continue, indestructi
ble in a final, fixed state.
It is said that "it takes all kinds
of people to make a world," and cer
tainly every imaginable type, good,
bad or indifferent, has its represen
tatives somewhere. A number,
however, are distinguished by su
perficial peculiarities rather than
any profundity. Their modicum
of character is not of a kind to force
itself on observation. There are
people whose personal magnitude is
confined to an enormous physique
with Herculean capabilities, while
there are physical dwarfs who are
more than compensated for such de
ficiency by the possession of a gi
gantic intellect. A few are so ani
mated and dominated by greatness
of soul that the presence or absence
of minor qualications id scarcely
The inferior character is not a
pleasantly interesting subject.
Whether from constitutional infirm
ity it ia unequal to ordinary require
ments and is consequently largely or
wholly dependent oa others, or from
obsequiousness servilely yields to
those who should be no more than
equals, or from a vicious tendency
is inclined to a groveling existence-
it is involuntarily self-assigned to
an inferior rank of humanity.
Hence it is easy to realize the im
portance of excellence of character,
and only perfection of character will
give perfect and abiding satisfac
tion. A noted writer says, "Imper
fect being is a constant sorrow. Im
perfect character is a hell forever."
As the formation of character for ex
istence in an exalted and eternal
state should be the chief concern of
all, then, whatever relates to God,
the bouI and eternity, will have the
pre-eminence in the best regu
iated minds. Christianity is the
corner-stone of the highest type of
character. Religion is an essential
element. Not a mere observance of
rites, but an experience of a redeem
Led nature, an uplifted character and
consequent results, without which
religious forms are utterly futile.
The character is subject to tests
throughout the routine of ordinary
life. Circumstances call for self-
reliance, and results prove its pres
ence or absence. Measures are em
ployed to abridge liberty of thought
. - i . . u ! - i. : i .
or action, auu me buujbci truumus ur
resists. Some act unselfishly merely
because such conduct is expected of
them; others because principle and
inclination lead them to do so. How
superior is that courtesy which has
its root not in regard for mere ap
pearances, but in a philanthropic
But the contrasts between differ
ent tvpes of character are particu
larlv exposed by the exigencies of
life. The weak character is easily
overcome by temptations, or baf
fled or defeated by difficulties, while
its opposite is like a great rock
against which tempestuous breakers
or sweeping tornadoes striue in vain
Some people are slaves to environ
ment. Others with souls that cannot
be thus circumscribed have force of
character which enables them to
waive ceremony on occasion, to over
step trivial customs obstructing
their way in the performance of im
portant and difficult duties. Some
people live much more than others
do. They do not necessarily remain
lonsrer in the world, but accomplish
vastly more in comparison with the
length of their sojourn here. Some
live only for self, and require a great
deal of help from others in doing so,
while some live almost wholly for
others, aud leave a great vacancy in
their community when they leave
The superior Importance of good
ness is sometimes seen when the
light of eternity appears to pene
trate the obscurity of earthly sur
roundings: especially in the article
of death. Sir Walter Scott when
dvinirsaidto a friend; "There is
but one tiling that counts. Be good
Be reliirlous. It is all that will give
you happiness when you come to lie
here." In the clear light of the
eternal world, how infinitesimal
will appear any mere temporary suc
cess compared with the formation of
a character that fits its possessor for
eternal companionship with celes
Character building is a work o
inestimable importance and the
present life is the time set apart for
its accomplishment. There is only
so much time in which to do this
work, none too little if judiciously
used, but there is a great unwisdom
is misemploying it. There must be a
decided selection from the means
that influence character, a guarding
against demoralizing influences and
the utilization of such as redeem
and elevate it. There must be a
breaking away from slavish bonds,
and devotion to ennobling presents.
High and strong principles such as
have no equivalent in money are
necessary to a high and strong char
acter. They give it Gibralter-like
stability, and power for action in
subordination to couvictions of duty.
He who has a great deal of char
acterof the bejt kind has one
invaluable resource. Religion is a
prominent element, creed and con
duct beincr at one. He has a great
and leading purpose to which
HGlennon, Anderson Foster.
We sell goods for cash only, but sell them very lor:.
A Monster Group of Black Dress Goods.
A good test of a store is its range of Black Dress
Goods, and by this standard you can judge us if you will.
Handsome fabrics in silk
silks, that almost stand alone, in line wool
fabrics, in Priestey's silk warp Henriettas,
Eudora cloths, silk and wool Tamise, silk and
wool Nunsveilings, Melrose cloth, plain
serges and Henriettas, open mesh Etamines,
silk grenadines, iron Irame grenadines, airv
and light, and yet strong withal but the list grows tire
some. Come and prove our
Next Monday, April 5th.
TEN PIECES of FINE BLACK DRESS GOODS.
Brocades, plain Henriettas and
etc., Monday 49c the yard.
yard, and they're worth it.
MILL ENDS OF FINE BLEACHED TABLE
LINEN in lengths of 2, z, 3
length marked on each piece,
64 inches wide at 50c the yard, value 75c.
64 inches wide at 60c the yard, value 90c.
72 inches wide at 70c the yard, value $1.25.
It has hardly been two weeks since they were landed in
New York from a steam ship
READY-MADE SHEETS AND PILLOW CASES.
Good quality ready-made bleached sheets, 10-4 size, hemmed
ready lor use, Monday, 48c each.
Pillow cases, size 45x39, hemmed, Monday, pc each.
"Mothers Friend,'' boys' waists, plain white and figured
percales, patent indestructable bands, made to sell at 75c
each. Monday 35c each; ages
EIGHTEEN PAIRS of Boyden's $5.00 and $6.00 shoes,
sizes 6 to g, 16 pairs front lace, one pair Congress, and
one pair buttons, Monday, $2.50 the pair.
SPRING CLOTHES for men, boys and children.
We've never had such $10.00 suits before. They're in the
new overplaids, checks, etc. Plain black or blue serges and
worsteads too, if you had rather.
If you see it in our ad. it's so.
lilcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
objects are made tributary. He is
never cast down, but with courage,
and fortitude, and independence of
idle criticism, he struggles to meet
his obligations as fast as they be
come due. His habitual course is in
devotion to the dutiea inseparable
from his position. He conquers self
and combats evil, but can readily
submit to rightful authority, and
forego any desirable but unattaina
ble object. He bears success qu ietly,
reverseb or failure with equanimity
the secret sorrow with silent sub
mission, and resolutely maintains a
cheerful outlook in life. He prompt
ly responds to the demands of emer
gencies; and he is not afraid of
death, for he knows that his essen
tial being will, on a higher and hap
pier sphere, survive the destruction
of all perishable things.
Rev. W. A. Provine lectured
large crowd at Hopewell last
The annual Pythian sermon
be preached in the First Presbyte
rian church next Sunday evening at
7:30 o'clock by Elder E. J.Meacham.
The revival meeting at the South
Columbia M. E. Church, conducted
by Rev. Mr. Thompson, of Lewis
burg, is still in progress, and some
good is being accomplished. Good
crowds have been in attendance,
and much interest is manifested.
Services will be held as usual in
the First Presbyterian Church next
Sabbath. The subject of the sermon
in the morning will be, "Tidings
Above." The Session will meet
immediately after Sabbath-school to
receive members into the church.
The Sacrament of the Lord's Sup
per will be administered at 11 a. in.
There will be a Missionary Service
for ladies only, at 3 p. m. in the
church, when they will be addressed
by Mrs. J. L. Stuart, a most success
fal China Missionary of the South
ern Presbyterian Church. The
ladies of the different churches of
Columbia are very cordially invited
to attend this 3 p. m. service. Mrs.
Stuart will arrive Saturday morning
and will be the guest of Mrs. F. B.
A series of revival services will be
held in the Christian Church during
the month of May.
Elder E. J. Meacham will preach
at Berea Church on the Bear Creek
pike next Sunday at 3 p. m.
Dr. J. B. Hawthorne, in his ser
mon at the First Baptist Church,
Nashville, last Sunday, said:
"About twenty years ago I went
over from New York to Brooklyn in
the afternoon of a summer's day to
witness a contest between two cele
brated base ball teams. Before the
play began I noticed a hundred men
confined in a pen that was separated
by a high wall from the terraced
seats occupied by the main body of
spectators. I asked a friend sitting
near who these men were and why
thev were confined in that pen. He
inform.?1! me that they were gam
wool, in rich
serges, open mesh Etamines,
YoiCd guess them j$c the
and 3! yards, all pure linen,
and we pass them to you next
just from the Emerald Isle.
4 to 14.
blers, that they were there to bet
on the game, and that the law of the
State required them to keep to them
selves. It occurred to me that
that was a very reasonable, wise
and lust law. Birds of a feather
should flock together. Let gamblers
associate with gamblers. It is not
only unnatnral but embarrassing for
them to sit down with honest men.
It is unjust to put them in immedi
ate contact with pure-minded men
and women. The doctrine of the
future life is founded upon the same
principle which underlies that New
York law. In the world to come
every man will gravitate to his own
place. In death there is no trans
formation of character. If you are
corrupt in this world you will be
corrupt in the next. Whatsoever a
man soweth that shall he also reap.
This life is the sowing time, and the
next will be the harvest. In the fu
ture state you will go into a moral
atmosphere in keeping with your
own moral character. Everything
will seek its place. Ivery soul will
rise or sink io its own place. Liars
must to liars go, drunkards to
drunkards, tyrants to tyrants, mur
derers to murderers, thieves to
thieves and traitors to traitors."
Garwood's Sarsaparilla for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Rains.
Ohio is pretty sure to go Demo
cratic at the next election. The
48,000 Ohio men who have applied
for office under McKinley will be at
home when the ballot is taken. St.
It is said that the poorest member
of McKinley's cabinet can draw his
check for $2,0!0,000. This is the
millionaire's own administration.
They elected it, why should they
not rule in its council. Lawrence
Wonder if Mr. Grover Cleveland
isn't surprised to see the country
wagging along without the assist
ance of hia bossing. Lawrence
In the course of a spirited and able
editorial on the tariff question, the
Hardeman (Tenn.) Free Press very
trenchantly observes that 'people
who live in glass houses should not
ride a free horse to death.' As an
abstract proposition, we believe that
statement deserves the heartiest in
dorsement and commendation.
This from the Milan Hustler
should be a pointer to invalids:
Postmaster Hill Dunlgan. of Hum
boldt, intended to take three cap
sules the other night, but forgot it
until after he had extinguished the
light. He arose, went to the dresser,
took them in the dark, but happened
to get three 32-calibre cartridges in
stead. The genial postmaster was
afraid to move hastily fo' several
Garwood's Sarsaparilla for the blood
guaranteed tocure. A. B. Run