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THE COLUMIUA HER ALB: FlilDAY, APRIL 1r7.
Pnblishcd by the Herald Pulilishing Co.
In therminty ll.M.
Out of tli" County 1.25.
Enteral Ht t lie post -office nt Columbia. Ten
nesst e as s'i-oiil-clns mnil matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
ItllN'ilS AMI t,m:s.
We are reliably informed ly a
present member of the County
Court, that ten years ago the county
w;is out of debt. How comes it tlien
that they now owe a floating debt of
outstanding warrants, amounting to
.some f'AiMK), more or less? The
answer given us and the one we give
to our readers is, that the county's
expenses have exceeded its income,
per annum, about $5.1)00. In other
words, the present tax rate on the
present assessed value of taxable
property in the county, lacks about
$."),(HK) of providing enough money to
pay our oilice holders, and other in
cidental expenses, including pay for
"ex-ofllcio" services to the magis
Now these premises being correct,
lets look a little further into the
debt and the bond question.
It is proposed by those who favor
the bond scheme, to retire a $2,500
bond each and every year. How
will they do that? Their disburse
ments, heretofore, have been $3,000
above their receipts. Not to incur
any more debt, simply to hold their
own, they must either increase the
tax rate, or spend $5,000 less. Can
they run on $5,000 less money than
they have been spending? If they
can, then why havn't they been
doing it, and what excuse have they
to offer their constituents for this
$50,000 mortgage they have put upon
their farms and homes?
But to carry out this bond idea,
not only must they cut down their
expenditures $5,000, but another
$2,500 to pay a bond or else increase
the tax rate. In short, they will be
compelled every year to spend
$7,500 less than they have been
spending:, or the tax payers must be
called upon and will be called upon
to pay mora money into the coun
Now which will they do do you
suppose? Is it fair to presume that
a Court, heretofore spending $5,000 a
year in excess of their income, will
suddenly grow so economical and
virtuous as to spend $7,500 less than
their income? Is that the history
of Courts, or Congresses or Legis
latures? With Mr. Cleveland's
$262,000,000 bond issues staring them
in the face, did not the last Congress
recklessly and extravagantly make
appropriations exceeding one billion
dollars? With a deficit staring
them in the face, has not this pres
ent Tennessee legislature increased
the State tax rate, that they might
give $50,000 of the people's hard
earned money to the Nashville
What reason have we to think
that magistrates who will spend
$5,000 per year from an empty treas
ury, would save a surplus if they
We do not believe they would.
We have no reason to believe they
would. Nothing they. have done in
the past gives us ground upon
which to predicate the hope. In
deed, we doubt if they could. We
seriously doubt if the business
affairs of this county could be suc
cessfully run under our present con
stitutional government, at a cost of
$7,500 loss than we have been paying.
And if it cannot, then to raise the
tax rate would be the necessary and
In our opinion therefore, a bond
issue means an increase of the tax
rate-; and that, we are opposed to.
We are opposed to it, because the
people are not able to bear it; we
are opposed to it, because we do not
believe the emergency exists to
make it necessary ; we are opposed
to it because we believe the people
are opposed to it. The magistrates
should talk with the tax payers of
their districts; and the people
should talk with their magistrates,
and the will of the people should be
Dr. Huxtkr has withdrawn from
the Kentucky Senatorial race, and
the fight has been transferred from
the legislature to the Republican
caucus, where Judge W. H. Holt
and State Senator W. J. DeBoe are
The Nashville show was formally
opened last year, and will be form
ally opened again to-morrow week,
but in reality it will not be ready
before June, if then. So if you are
going wait at least a month, and
then prepare to be cheated.
Fighting between the Turks and
Greeks is fast and furious. The
opinion prevails that the war will
not last long; but as for that, the
same opinion prevailed when the
late unpleasantness in the states begun
I'KXXV wise, ror.vi) foolish.
The Hell Telephone Company is
now offering to put their phones in
residences in Columbia at 50 cents
per month, and are willing to bind
themselves to a five years contract ;
and some of our people seem to
think that this is cheap. But is it?
Is it cheap to allow a man to tie
you hand and foot for 50 cents, so
that when he gets you down he may
rob you of $2.50? Is it cheap, for the
small consideration of 50 cents per
month, to aid and abet a stranger,
under laws made to protect monopo
lies, to filch from your neighbors
some .f.'i.ooo per year, over and above
what they are now paying for a ser
vice quite as good? Is it ever cheap
to fight the right or to assist the
Kvery imn owes something to the
community in which he lives, and
those who are helping the Bell in
its fight to starve out the Citizens'
Telephone Co., need not think they
are escaping criticism. This is the
same old fight of aggregated capital
fighting for a monopoly; it is the
same old fight of a soulless corpora
tion and combined wealth fighting
an honest, co-operative effort of the
people to protect themselves agiinst
extortion. And we hold that no
man, for the sordid and selfish pur
pose of saving 50 cents for himself,
has the right the moral right by
his patronage and influence, to seek
to impose upon his neighbor and the
community in which he lives, a
monopoly to extort outrageously
high and unjust tolls from them.
There is neither justice, patriot
ism nor public spirit in patronizing
the Bell, at any price. Office seekers
go before the people and shout
themselves hoarse in their abuse of
trusts and combines and corpora
tions, and yet turn right around, for
a small saving, and patronize one of
the worst of these, in preferance to
a Citizens' Company. Merchants
will fret and complain and abuse
the Bell for years because of its ex
tortionate rates, and encourage the
starting of a rival-local company,
and then before the moon changes
allow themselves to be duped into a
cheap rate support of the very same
monopoly they have been abusing
for years; and the same monopoly
they would Boon have cause to abuse
again, if the Citizens Company
should be ousted from the field.
Aside from all influences of right
and wrong; ignorin? all duties of
patriotism and public spirit, purely
as a business proposition, we all owe
it to ourselves and to each other, to
foster, encourage and support a
home enterprise which is giving en
tire satisfaction in the way of ser
vice, and which is saving and keep
ing at home several hundred dol
lars every month.
To any one who needs the service
of a phone, $1 per month is cheap
enough: and to those who do not
need it, it is high at any price; and
when it comes to the actual service
rendered, the Citizens' phone is
cheaper at $1 than the Bell at 50
cents, because the Citizens' has
twice as many subscribers, and a
class of subscribers the people in
general have their dealings with
Columbia is the stylishest town on
the map, and Easter Sunday is its
day for dress parade. When Colum
bia dons its Easter frock and sits be
neath the wondrous meshes of its
new spring millinery, then that's the
thing. Nothing in the heavens
above or in the earth below or in the
waters beneath, has ever yet quite
equaled it. Not a jot or tittle might
be added to or taken from without
marring its personified perfection.
Like as the worm discards its winter
shell and puts on its wings of trans
figuration, so are winter garbs cast
aside and Miss Easter in her new
gown is the observed of all observ
On other occasions this Fashion
Pattern is content to leave her
sleeves, etc., at home, while at the
Opera she may dazzle the audience
by the snowy whiteness of her arms,
etc., but on Easter she claims the
house of God as her very own, and
those who have not on the very
thing are not supposed to enter
Where the idea comes rrom, our
research has failed to discover. It
is true, that on that glorious resur
rection morn, the grave clothes were
left in the tomb, and this might serve
to some as a suggestion to cast off
the old ; but nowhere is it told us
that Mary Magdelene or the other
Mary, or any of the disciples, while
they went on their way rejoicing,
festooned themselves for the occa
sion In any such fanciful raiment as
the Columbia Miss faster arrays
herself for special admiration.
It is a custom confined to Colum
bia and other rural districts. In ci
ties, on Easter day, you see a coun
try cousin, here and there, or per
chance an ultra one of the extreme
ly smart set, blazen forth now and
then, but the proper thing on all
church occasions as on the street
is to be modest in one's attire as
well as manner, and to leave con
spicuous clothes fee private occa
sions. In larger places they lavish
their pains upon house decorations
more than upon themselves, aad the
humblest member with her faded
winter shawl may enter unobserved
or unabashed by comparisons with
bright and flashy spring poods. In
deed, many think and some say, that
to come out to church service on
K.tster Sunday arrayed like a but
terfly and costumed like unto a Paris
model, is decided bad form and even
lint those city folks who talk so,
doubtless stand in envy of Colum
bia ; for who should know the exact
ly cutest caper, if not those who
Oxk cool morning this week two
Republican brothers, one white the j
other colored, found themselves fish
ing near each other on opposite
sides of the classic Duck. For sev
eral hours they sat in silence, with
out losinga minnow orgetting a jerk.
Finally.the white man tired of the
monotony and began to wind in his
line. "Gvvine to quit, boss?" asked
the colored brother. "Yes, ain't
any fish here," replied the other.
"Oh, yes sar, tliey's here, but they's
lak McKinlev's gold," retorted
'How's that?" asked the
white Republican. "They's here,
but you can't git 1em," chuckled
Cuffey; but bis face straightened
and his lip fell as he suddenly dis
covered that his political partner
failed to see the fun
Our supplement this week deals
exclusively and exhaustively, with
the Constitutional Convention ques
tion. It contains much sound logic
and valuable information. It treats
of a most important question; one
you will b) called upon to vote on
next August, and you should take
this opportunity of informing your
self. It would also be well after vou
have read the suppliment, to lay "it
aside for a second reading and for
The 'Mississippi flood continues,
with unabated fury. The Bureau
of Statistics figures the loss at over
The air ship is one of the fakes
you won't see at the Nashville show.
"If a man wants to drink whisky.
that is his business," says the saloon
Let s see. When Bob Poland and
Coon Parker were drinking in
Heflin, Ala., one Saturday night,
and in their spree ran a car of the
Southern Railroad off the switch
and out on the main track down the
grade until it stopped on a high
trestle, it became the Southern
And when a loaded freight train
came along and rushed into the car,
causing a $100,000 wreck, destroying
much valuable merchandise, it be
came the business of a great many
merchants and shippers, as well as
And when three bodies were dug
out from under the wreck, it became
the business of some wives and
And when the tax-payers are
called upon to support the families
whose na'ural providers have thus
been suddenly taken away, it will
become the business of several other
One man's drinking often becomes
the business of several hundreds of
thousands of people, and the man
who cannot perceive this fact ought
to be sent at once to an institution
for the education of the feeble
The Chairman Badly Mixed.
The chairman of the school board
was adressing the annual teachers'
"The schoolwark is the bulhouse
of civilization I mean ah! "
The chairman was slightly chilled.
"The bulhouse is the schoolwark
An invisible smile began to make
"The warkhouse is the bulschool
He was evidently twisted.
"The schoolbul is the house
An audible snicker spread itself
over the faces of the audience.
"The scowse hool "
He was getting wild. So were his
hearers. He mopped perspiration,
gritted his teeth and came up to the
"The schoolhoiue, my friends"
A sigh of relief went. up. A-h-h!
Now he has gotten his feet under
He gazed suavely around. The
light of triumphant self-confidence
once enthroned upon his brow.
"Is the wulbark "
And that was all.
Craig k Fisher
Are prepared to do any kind of plow
work. Havo your steel points re
pointed. We guarantee satisfaction
everytime. We can do any kind of
wood or iron work 1 on farm imple
ments. Shop on South Main street,
Columbia, Tenn. apr23-2t.
Got Himself Scorched.
Mr. F. H. Smith has been on the
reclining list this week. He was
taking a vapor bath several days
ago, when the alcohol in the lamp
beneath him caught fire and flared
up and gave him two or three right
painful burns. His feet at the time
was resting on a stick over a pan of
hot water, and in attempting to es
cape the flame he stepped into this
pan, which, though not scalding hot
was decidedly too warm for comfort.
We are glad to report, however, that
Mr. Smith's injuries were not seri
ous, and his friends may expect to
see him at his., place oj business
again in a few days.! " " - -
Second essiou of the Columbia Dis
A Nllinlier of Able I'll pern and Aitt-t a
Are M.ule Cull. -..kit tlie Next
IYi.aski, April 17. The Columbia
district Epworth League Conference
li eld itn second regular session here yes
terday and to-diiv. The President", .1.
H. lli'nning, of Mt. Pleasant, presided.
The See re tar. v, Mis Olahie Taylor, of
Culleoka, recorded the minutes. Most
of the leagues had representatives that
irave, as a rule, eneoiiraging reports of
the work done in the vario'is leagues.
Many f the pastors of the churches in
the district were present. Messrs. .Jas
per Anderson anil .1. J. Wright read
papers on t lie respective suhjeets;
"After the First Knlhiisiasm, Then
What?" and '-Methods of Helpfully
Varying tlie Work." The devotional
exercises; the discussion of these topies,
with personal experience in the league
work; the sh'rt reports from the dif
ferent leagues, and pretty music inter
sperced composed the forenoon pro
gramme of the first day.
The principal feature of the music in
the afternoon services the request
ed solo, "Never Alone," by Miss I.rownie
Totnlinson, of Culleoka. J. P. Graham,
of Culleoka, discussed the question:
"How May Interest in the Literary De
partment He Generated?" Miss Clahie
Taylor, also of Culleoka, brought out
in her paper the "Essential Qualities of
Presidents and Vice Presidents." Mrs.
W. A. Kuttle, of Columbia, presented
the thought that "Deeds of Charity are
Helps to Spiritual Good." Charles Ad
kins pithily discussed the "League Fi
nances" and the "liest Methods of Rais
ing Money for the League." Each of
these papers led the discussion, and
nearly every one called forth points of
interest. At the niglit session, after the
opening song, the, conference was leu in
prayer by Dr. l'aruer, the 1'resiuent of
Martin 'Female College. The song
service was especially beautiful. Cho
ruses and a vocal duet by Messrs. Ezell,
vocal solos by Misses villie Irwin and
Brownie Tomlinsou, cornet and organ
selections by Miss Dimple Ezell and
Mr. bzell composed the programme.
Dr. I). C. Kelly then delivered an ad
dress on "Necessity for the Epworth
The prayer service Saturday morning
was lea bv by J. A. Malloy, who spoke
on the "Adder and the Cup." Enthu
siastic speeches were made by many,
proving that temperance is tne vital
subject for immediate treatment. The
subject, "How to Enlist Timid Mem
bers, " was generally discussed. The
paper on ".Social Works," by Miss
Lena Covey, of Culleoka, so delighted
the conference that she was requested
to send her paper to the Epworth Era
for publication. Miss Genie Mitchell,
of Columbia, was also asked to send in
to the Rame paper her articleon "Junior
Work." President Dinning's address
on "How to Make the Literary Work
Successful" was one of the most in
structive parts of the morning's pro
gramme. The "query box" proyed in
teresting, bringing 'forth information
not derived from the various papers.
The following resolution was read and
"In view of the fact that the history
of the church records a uniform oppo
sition to the liquor traffic, and in view
of the further fact that the management
of the Tennessee Centennial Exposi
tion have decided to have intoxioating
liquors sold on their grounds;
"Jlfnolved, First, that we deeply re
gret the determination of the manage
ment to allow the sale of intoxicants on
the grounds; second, that we heartily
indorse the action of our Methodist Cen
tennial Commission in declining to
have any connection with the Exposi
tion on this account." Signed, J. H.
Stewart, W. R. Peebles.
The afternoon of Saturday was devot
ed to the election of officer's for the en
suing year, with the following result:
President, J. H. Dinning; First Vice
President, J. A. Mollov; Second VI e
Pres'dent, .1. P. Graham; Third Vice
President, Miss Sallie Lou MeCord; Scc
retarv, Miss Clabie Taylor; Treasurer,
Miss'Maud Long. Mr. F. G. MeCord
was appointed Chairman of the Execu
tive Committee. Culleoka was selected
as the next place of meeting.
The conference was a success in every
respect, showing that the Epworth
LciiLMie is eouinned with talent and
enerirv. The hospitable people of
Pulaski spared no pains and royally
entertained the conference. Great ap
preciation and gratitude was felt by
those so kindly received.
rrt.frHNioiial Card to tli Public Gen
erally. Having formed a partnership in
the practice of detistry, this is to
notifv our friends n ml the irpner;il
public that we can both be found nt
Dr. Sheppard s old stand, rooms;?,
5, 7 and I), Masonic Temple. Your
W.C. Shkppako, T. J). S.
A. Sidney Paue, I). D. S.
Telephone No. 125.
OFFICE HOLDERS VS. THE PEOPLE
Defvat ot the Jarvi Law, CalN for a C'on
Memphis Commercial Appeal.
The old story was again told.
Yesterday's court proceeding was
but a repetition of the past in every
detail. In 1897 a fee bill was passed,
or a reform measure enacted, and it
was contested by the ofllce-holding
class. The ablest legal talent in the
State was employed and the constitu
tionality of the measure attacked.
When their fees are threatened the
office-holders become strict con
structionists of the constitution
and they worship that venerable
instrument with an Eastern idolatry.
"No doubt the measure was desir
able and well-intended, and nodoubt
but a law could be passed on the
subject that would not conflict with
the constitution, but" and the sub
junctive objections repudiated the
previous concessions and destroyed
the constitutionality of the measure.
This case was the State vs. McCann,
4th Lea. Those gentlemen who
doubted not that a reform measure
could be passed have never taken
the trouble to show how it could be
done. Again In 1895 a reform meas
ure was enacted raising the grade of
felonies and reducing costs. Emi
nent counsel was employed by the
ofllce-holding class to contest the
constitutionally of the bill. "No
doubt," they argued, "a bill could be
framed covering the case but " and
again the subjunctive arguments
vanquished predicate and principal,
leaving the sapient legislative en
actment a victim to the legerdemain
of logic. How to prescribe the
necessary and possible law was
HGlennon, Anderson Foster.
We sell goods for cash only, but sell them very low.
In the Price of
one lot of all wool Grenadines, black only,
38 inches wide, four styles, and next Mon
day xs price will be jyc the yard. They
cost, but never mind what they cost, or
whose loss it is. Grenadines are this season's favorites,
and not a piece in the lot would be liigh at 6jC the yard.
THREE STYLES of BLACK BROCADED GREN
ADINE, all wool, 44 inches wide, next Jouday 49c the
yard, and the real value is not a v:hit under jc.
COLORED DIMITIES, TWENTY-FIVE PIECES
OF PRINTED DIMITIES in light and dark grounds,
30 inches wide, and at 1 2 J you'd get your money's worth.
Xext Monday 7 i-2c the yard.
jL JXT TAJ E! X .
Here's an important question for the men folks to decide:
How to be well-dressed with the money you have to spend?
One thing sure, you can make
our $10.00 suits. Absolutely
quality, for the price. Lower if you want that sort. High
er if you want them.
BOYS' KNEE PANT SUITS.
Twenty-five Boys' Knee Pant Suits for ages 6, 7, S, 9,
10, 11 and 13 (no 12 nor 14 in this lot). Until now they
were $4.50 and $5.00 the suit. Xext Monday $3.00 the
MEN'S NEGLIGEE SHIRTS are more in favor this
season than ever before; and we were never more ready to
show you the newest in Madras, Percales, or whatever your
fancy may run to.
Manhattan Shirts are here only.
If you see it in our ad. it's so.
TilcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
never indicated by the legal gentle
men. This measure is embalmed in
the case of Shelton vs. the State, 90
Tenn. Lastly comes the Jarvis bill.
Before the ink on it was dry, the af
fected office-holders have again
drawn sword in defense of the con
stitution. "No doubt," said ex-Gov.
Turney, speaking for them, "but
a law could be passed, etc., etc.,
but" and again a confessedly wise
and salutary measure is whelmed in
the maelstrom of legal argumenta
tion. Which confuses the layman.
This Jarvis bill was the work of
the ablest lawyers in the State. It
was not alone the work of Mr. Jarvis,
capable as that gentleman is to
frame an enactment. It was not
hastily drawn. Its provisions were
canvassed and discussed and a great
deal of earnest and intelligent labor
was expended on it, and the path
way of those gentlemen who were
seeking to lead the State out of the
wilderness in which she is wander
ing was lighted by profound scholar
ship, rich legal learning, and wide
experience in framingand interpret
ing laws. It is said that the State's
chief legal adviser approved of it.
It was said to have been con
sidered court proof. Eminent law
yers declared that it was so framed
ns to escape the rocks and reefs
upon which former enactments
had been wrecked. In spite of all
this, however, it is challenged on
the very threshold of its nativity
and declared illegitimate, attainted
and outlawed. This is truly dis
couraging. The office-holding class
seeks to control legislation, fights
vindictively every reform measure,
and when one is passed over its
protest and in spite of it. it is sud
denly seized with an inflamed love
for the constitution; and while "no
doubt a law could be passed not in
conflict with the organic law," how
to pass it is never indicated and what
is passed is anathema. It seems
impossible to pass a law that the
Supreme Court will tolerate. No
less than five important measures of
the legislature of 181)5 have been
killed. The no fence law, the law
for the collection of unclaimed costs,
the law establishing levee districts
and to reclaim Reelfoot Lake, the
general assignment law and the law
before mentioned raising th grade
of felonies, were all devoured by the
Supreme Court Cerberus. Granted
that the Supreme Court is right in
all of its decisions. The fact re
mains that the present constitution
is a lion in the path of wise and
necessary legislation in spite of the
ColnMa Planing Mill ai Furniture Factory, EstaMislici in 1867.
(Successor to Lamb & Smith) Manufacturer of una Dealer In
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and promptly attended to. Turning and Scroll
Sawing of every variety. Stair Hailing, Halusters, Newell Posts.
I have alwayi on hand a large stock of Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will sell on the most advantageous terms.
A full supply of Brick always on hand.
VFRANK H. SMITH, COM M BIA. TEN'S.
no mistake in buying one of
no better in style, fit and
"no doubt a law could be passed" of
the office-holders' attorneys. This
being the case the constitution
should be changed. When a con
stitution becomes an insurmountable
obstacle in the way of progress,
prosperity and reform, the sooner a
bonfire is made of it the better. If
anything could emphasize the
necessity for a change in the organic
laws of the State, it is this constant
conflict between wise and necessary
legislation and the constitution.
are requested to meet at the colored
school building in Columbia at 10
o'clock to-morrow. (Saturday).
P. W. Donsox,
Our new stock for Spring
and Summer of l8i)7 is now
ready and complete with all
the late and up-to-date styles
Clothing, Hats, Shoes,
Gents' Furnishing Goods etc.
Come and see how much
cannot be seen elsewhere. To
pass us by would be an inex
cusable injustice to your
pocket-book. This is'nt so
because we say so, but be
cause our goods and prices
make it so.
Come and Hear Our Low Trices
play the disagreeable tune to
competition. Don't buy your
SPRING -:- CLOTHES
until you see our liue.
Star Clolliinz House,
North Side Public Sq uare.