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THE COLUMBIA JIEltALl: FK1DAV, AlMUL L.5, lh!7.
DOBBINS : &. :
Wo are sole agents for
Deering1 Binders, Mowers and Hay Rakes.
TYF.TCRTicn wan the first to use ball and roller bearinirs on all parts of their machines where there was any
friction. You niav look out for other
once talked against this grand feature are now loudly in praise of It.
Deering Binder Twine.
We have a car loai fresh from the factory. OIVK Ud A CALL.
Agricultural and Live
Items of Interest to Farmers and
This Is locus year. The time when
we must expect another pcourage of
the troublesome Insects. Every,
seventeen year they make a visit,
their last appearance being in 1880,
when the army of these creatures
did considerable damage to vegeta
Recent statistics show that the
annual value of the poultry and egg
trade in the United States Is $500,
000,000. Just think of it. Five hun
dred million dollars for poultry and
eggs every year. It is astonishing.
Dr. D. E. Salmon, Chief of Bureau
of Animal Industry, at Washington,
gives the following as the most effi
cacious cure and preventative of
Wood Charcoal 1 lb.
8odium Chloride 2 1b.
Sodium Bicarbinate 2 lb.
Sodium Hyposulphite 2 lb.
Sodium Sulphate 1 lb.
Antimony Sulphide lib.
Pulverize and thoroughly mix the
Ingredients Dose 1 table spoonful
to each 200 bounds, welirht of hogs.
to be given In liquid or soft food,once
a dav. Do not turn tho nog on it s
back to drench it, but pull tho cheek
away from the teeth so as to form a
pouch then slowly nour the medi
cine in the poucb and the hog will
stop squealing and swallow it.
A man may succeed well upon 50 or
100 acres of land ; he doubles the size
of his farm, but it is only to find
that he makes no more money than
he did before, for his theories did
not hold in practice. The exception
comes to him who takes to stock
It depends wholly upon what
debt is incurred for as to its wisdom
It is foolish to give a note for a fast
horse or for a luxury, but when the
debt will help one to make money,
and" so to become independent
sooner, it is a very dilierent thing
By top dressing with manure in
the fall of the year, after the cattle
have been taken oil the pasture, the
fertilizer will become packed in the
ground, and the enriching qualities
will all bo absorbed before grass
grows in the spring. If top dressed
in the spring, the growing grass
will lift the manure up, to be dried
It is well to harrow meadows and
pastures, for it tears the roots and
tends to thicken the grass. It also
destroys moss which may grow on
badly drained or cold ground. It
sometimes as essential to harrow
these fields as it is to cultivate the
Numerous experiments have been
recorded to show that moisture is
saved by cultivation. During hot
dry weather every foot of ploughed
ground should be kept well stirred
on the surface with any tool which
will keep it from baking. A fine
surface will hold down water like
The farm and the work must be
studied. By having the labor
properly systemized and distributed
less hired labor will be needed.
Only by taking every advantage to
produce result at lowest cost is
profit possible, oftentimes.
Plan for the coming years's work
so that when spring is here you will
be ready to be up and at it and know
lust what you want to ao. The tar
mer who works ao steadily that h
never has time to stop and think
ahead can not be sure of the best re
The location of drains should be
accurately marked, or. better, a
exact map of the fields should be
made showing their location
Otherwise they may be lost, or ex
pense entailed in digging to tin
them when they fail to perform
their lull duty.
It is not the adding of all kinds of
, material to the manure neap which
makes it valuable, but the preserva
tion of these materials so that they
will not deteriorate nor lose any
their plant food. A progressive far
mer is one who pays more attention
to the making of manure than
- Scott's Engines
With Wind Stackers.
makers tryin? to imitate the ball and
anything else on the farm.
It is not an Impossible thing to
make good land pay for itself every
year. This sounds extravagant to
many, but the fact has been demon
strated many times. The larger the
acreage under cultivation the less
attention can be given to details,
and, consequently, the smaller
average profit an acre can be ob
In regard to the comparative value
of shelled and ear corn, as a feed,
the latter is considered the safer,
and if the ears are broken, split or
crushed until they can be handled
readily by cattle they are certainly
to be perferred to shelled grain.
The feeding value of flax straw Is
very small. It is really too valuable
for other purposes to use as feed.
It commands in many regions the
prices of good hay.
Liet the stable floor ot the stock
barn always be of cement. It not
only prevents wind from blowing
under the cattle, but it saves all
liquid manure, and is less expensive
than heavy joists and plank floors.
It is also rat proof, and one of the
greatest economies of the farm.
That you may nave a liberal feed
ing of roots next fall and winter for
all the stock, unles you have plenty
of rich winter pasture or will put up
a silo and will nil it with green corn
ensilage for green winter feeding,
plant plenty of root crops this
spring, nave beets, carrots, tur
nips and cabbage, and a good warm
bin in the barn, well lined with
straw, to keep them from freezing
and convenient for feeding.
Where one can devote a good part
of his time to "chorlng ' nothing can
fall in line more acceptable than
the apiary as a side issue. It will
be of advantage in more ways than
one. iJven success with irult cul
ture is often dependent upon the
activity of the ever busy bee; and
the stores of honey should be ro
Likjfc cotton seed cake, oil meal
cake furnishes a food of great value
on account of its high percentage of
nitrogen: it becomes of especial im
portance as means of raising the
albuminoid ratio of diet, while its
abundant supply of this element
naturally furnishes an extremely
valuable manure. It is properly fed
with cut straw or hay, and is
cheaper than grain.
deeding must be done regularly,
liberally and systematically, work
ing to accomplish the end in view
in an economical, business like
manner. Each feeder must, in a
great measure, determine the ration
which he can most economically
supply, as that which would be too
costly for one might be compara
tively cheap for another.
it takes a wise manager to market
live stock at just the right time, as
it is more difficult than to sell other
farm products. If held too long the
profits begin to decrease by reason
of the added cost of keeping. Grain
in the bin will not "eat its head ou,"
but stock sometimes does this very
The disposition of the animal has
much to do with the gain or loss
upon a given amount of feed. This
is an important thing for considera
tion when buying cattle either for
growth or to fatten, and as much
judgment is required in selecting
animals to feed as in feeding them.
To allow an animal to make a slow
growth and then, when sufficient
development has been reached in
this way, to feed it for the market,
will add to the cost to such an ex
tent that in many cases no profit
will be obtained. Feed from the
A good cow will make more
pounds of human food in a year than
a steer will make in a life time, and
you have the cow left over for
another year, and the same pro
gramme can be repeated.
The continuance of high feed for
a few generations, without proper
exercise, win destroy tne trood oual
ities of a fine race of animals. They
lose their symmetry of form, which
depends upon the proper action of
the muscles, and become barren and
worthless. All animals live best on
Oliver- Chill Plows.
If you want a good wagon try our
roller bearings, and the dealers who
variety,' and should have both
that which is concentrated and that
which is coarse.
The management of a good dairv
farm oilers a good chance for the
exercise of any brains you may
chance to have; if you have energy
here Is the place to ue it; It has
need of you if you have good iudg-
ment and are careful in looking
after details. A dairy can not be
run by "any fool," but a high order
of intelligence and executive ability
Too many never look the facts of
their business in the face. A great
amount of butter is continually
offered in the market, the cost of
producing which exceeds anv nossi
ble price which can be obtained for
it. rarmers would bardiy Keep on
if they knew of the loss entailed, yet
the testimony a9 to the state of
things would not be hard to obtain
Millet is an excellent food for pro
ducing a flow of milk, and some re
cent careful tests show that it will
produce a larger per centage of but
ter tats man most other grasses
Of course, this does not apply to
millet which has been permitted to
become ripe and woody before har
rne finest rovm neglected are no
better than the veriest scrubs they
are worse; they can not stand neg
lect, because they are not used to it
scrubs can, because they have been
raised on It.
Those only who have time and
inclination to do so should raise
pure bred fowls, because breeds can
not be kept pure without close atten
Keep too essential points in view
when feeding chicks growth and
warmth. Unless chicks grow rapid
ly they will not give as large a profit
as they should. The food should be
composed of elements which pro
duce bone and flesh. As til food
contains heat producing elements,
they will seldom be lacking if a
variety is given.
If your hens stop laying suddenly
in the winter look at their combs.
If these have been frozen, the fowls
are on the sick list, and laying is out
of the question. Their houses were
not warm enough. Egg production
should be a possibility without hav
ing the benefits of the food given
them simply to sustain animal life
A long row of figures is required
to represent the egg crop of the
United States for a single year; it
reaches the enormous sum of about
$1,800,000,000. Even this does not
shut of! the importance of large
numbers of eggs in the face of a
duty. The value of our wool crop is
about $00,000,000, that of our wheat
$200,000,000, while that of eggs is
He who puts the finest product in
the market reaps the richest harvest.
Eggs are refined wheat, corn, grass,
and they contain much that on the
farm would go to waste. In winter
a basket of 60 dozen eggs will bring
more money than a load of hay it
took a large pau-h or ground to grow,
a team to cut, a horse and a man to
rake, two men to stack, and a team.
wagon and a man to market.
Do not run closer than six inches
to the newly planted Ptrawberries or
raspberries with the cultivator, for
the newly formed roots will surely
be disturbed. Be content to do the
rest of the cultivation with the hoe,
and let it be quite superficial.
He who has much fruit can hardly
hope to preserve it without some
kind of cold storage, for thus kept
the loss from shrinkage and rot will
be comparatively small. A cellar
with heavy stone or brick walls,
built into the side of a hill, can be
cheaply made, and will be very
The stations have been experi
menting with the cross fertilization
of raspberries and blakberries, but
because of the meager reports we
judge results hava not been satis
factory. The wish has been to pro
duce irult with less seed and more
Do not be too gross nor too busy to
care for the things of beauty which
should adorn the farmer's home
The cultivation of flowers tends to
bring out that which is best and
finest in our natures. Make the
door yard bloom with beauty in the
spring, and have a thought for the
lIanU io'' house decoration m tne
Jf the blitck knot tmninn upon tlin
plum tren it fiin oftmi le eilVetually
hecked by Hit winn: mi the knot mm
paintiny: the wound witli UnseeU on,
to which n little I'lirbolic Ht'id
added, and enough i:Ule i.f iron to
give it color.
1 he promise from trees so heavy
with fruit that they must he propped
is" a delusion. One of the first re
quirements' to make a linancial suc
cess is to prevent overbearing. I lie
excess of fruit should be removed at
an tarlv stage of its uevoloimuMit.
DEEDS NOT WORDS.
Is could s.-ttwfy Urn hoart
'i'lii- lifurt is.ittlit timl less curt',
Bur woriix, n sunmiur birds, dupart
Ami leave but empty air.
Tii In-art, h pilgrim upon t-arth,
Finds oftun, when it m-ftdx,
Tm.t words nr us lit tin worth
As just so many weeds.
A littlp Ruiil and truly said
Can deepp r joy impart
Than hosts of words, which reach tho head,
But never touch tho heart.
Tho voico that wins its sunny way,
A lonely ho-mi to lu-i r,
Hath oft the fewest words t-i say;
Cut, oh, thot-o fuw how deurl
If words could satisfy the hreast,
Tho world niif-'ht hold a feust,
But words, when pummouud to the test,
Oft satisfy the least.
Like plants that make a gaudy show,
All blossom to tho root,
But whoso poor nature cannot grow
Ono particle of fruit.
Charles Swain in Housewife.
"Tha'll live to rue it."
"Well, Aw cannot go again my fccl
in's. Aw cannot help not lovin thee. "
"Naw, an tha' cannot help lovin
someb'dy else, con ta? Tha'll live to rue
it, Aw tell thee, an so will that hupstart
tha's sect thy heart on mind that."
The girl addressed blushed faintly,
but did not hang her head. Rather she
lifted it, with a proud look which, de
spite her working shawl, plain bliick
hat and somewhat pasty white com
plexion the common heritage of mill
girls lent something queenly to her
Had you seen Rachel Swann on Sun
day as she walked, with her Bible and
hyinnb(X)k, to the Methodist Sunday
school to teach her class yon would
scarcely have known her. Dressed in the
latest style or the latest that had per
colated to the provinces' from the
"tips" in her hat and the "fall" which
expressed rather than hid her delicate
features, to her neat little shoes, she
looked, what she was, a lady. And had
you seen her, at tho chapel door after
evening service, without ado or even
greeting beyond a mutual look of satis
faction, meet a pleasant faced young
man and walk away by his side, you
would have been in possession of the
secret no secret now that James Sum
uer, assistant cashier at Messrs. Peel's
mill, and Rachel Swann were "keeping
Jim Sumner had started life as a half
tinier and little piecer; but, naturally
an intelligent lad and a great favorite
with the schoolmaster, he had, in spite
of the great disabilily of beginning to
earn his living at 10, made such good
j nse of his opportunities that he was
early taken into tho "office" and was
not quite "looked up to by right think
ing folk as a man who "could addle
i.'arn) his brass 'out takkm his coat
off." Moreover, he was junior "chapel
steward" at the Methodist chapel, and
altogether a man any girl in that place
might be proud to "keep company
That Rachel was proud of her lover
everybody knew. They had only "made
it up" a short time ago and had walked
in public less than a fortnight when the
above conversation t(H)k place. The man
for such he considered himself who
threatened to "mak' her rue" was con
snlerabir okier than herscn, and an
"overlooker" at the mill in which they
all worked. He had long forced his at
tentions upon Rachel, who, while giv
ing him no encouragement, had not ab
solutely repulsed him until she heard
that ho did a little private bookniaking
among tho youths and young men in the
great mill. Until then she had regarded
him as a decent fellow and shrank from
hurting his feelings, hoping he would
desist in timo and give it up as a bad
job. She did not know Jabez Smethurst,
Ho was the sort of man whoso love can
turn to bitter hate, and now, both
against the girl and the man he deemed
his supplantcr, his rage burned fiercely,
Aw 'in fair miserable at my work,
Jim, now," said Rachel as she walked
with her lover from his mother's cot
tage along the embankment of the great
"Why, liow's that, my lass? Aw
thought tha' wur all reet now an grade-
ly set up wi' four looms an averagin 19
an 6 a wik, " for, though Jim was an
assistant cashier, he dropped, like his
lady love, into his native Doric on all
familiar occasions, "an tha' towd me
that even thy cross grained owd aunt
could speyk civil now."
"Aye, Aw was fain euuf, Jim, but
Eh, lad, Aw can hardly tell yo Aw've
kept it to mysel' for days, but Aw can
not bear it no longer. Th' overlooker's
ta'en one o' my looms off me an says
he'll tak' another if Aw don't mend my
"Dost mean Jabe Smethurst? Aw'U
sco that root, ne'er heed, Rachel." And
as they had passed the railway station
winch stooa at tne upper end or the res
ervoir andwero in a somewhat secluded
place he put his arm around her waist,
drew her to him and kissed her fondly,
"Say nowt, Jim. It'll do no good.
Gaffer thinks weel o' Jabe. He hearkens
to him as if Jabe knew everythin an hrm
nowt. An it does hxik as if my work
was bad, for he gives me such bad
soarts 'at Aw con on'y do half what
('others con, an my aunt Bays who'll
gie me th' key o' th' street if Aw cannot
addle more nor a little wench. It's piece
work, tha' knows."
"Aye well, ne'er heod, my lass. Kis
mas'll soon be here, an we'll get wed aa
soon as th New Ye'r comes in. ' Aw'm
gel tin 2 a week now, an Aw'm prom
ised a rise wi' th' New Ye'r."
A month had passed. Poor Jim! All
his f..ir hope -s seemed blighted. Bromley
Bros., a firm in the neighborhood with
whom Messrs. Peel occasionally did
business, in cheeking their bankbook
found themselves debited with an
amount paid by check to Peel & Co., for
which they c:mld find no corresponding
item i:i Peei'-i account, and, on making
inquiry from them, found that there
was l.o account of its receipt in their
caslibook, nor did siwh an account ap
pear to have been paid in the usual way
to their credit ut the bank. Evidently a
check had been drawn and p.iid if
Which the bocks of neither iirm had any
record.' 'It wan a sum under 10. Bui us
the youth who ran between the mill a;:d
the bank in the ai';ji lining town ( i Blac k
brook appeared too unsophisticated to
transact sneh a frand, and as Jiia i-'mn-
uer was immctiaty re sponsible i'rr t!:e
uvreiit cash of the firm, he was hobi f"
be morallv responsible, if not actually
criminal, and, according to the imme
morial custom of the firm, "had to go."
Poor Jim 1 lie did not wait to meet
his chapel folks and intimates. Ho jniit
kissed his widowed mother, who would
not have believed "owt again' Jim" on
the testimony of an archangel, and wcut
out into tho frosty air, straight to tho
station and away to a town 30 miles
distant, to make a fresh start. His
sweetheart was still in the mill. He
ought, of course, to have waited for her
and told her. But he didn't, llo would
write. She would learn sixm enough:
The village would buzz with the news
as though the new "hooter" hud pro
claimed it by nightfall. Aud it did.
There were girls who seemed glad to
tell Rachel, and when she flared up and
'Yo' know as well as Aw do'at Jim
ne'er did it," they only replied:
"Well, he's ta'en his hook, at any
rate. lo rAunt Bet seed him goo an
says 'good riddance to "bad rubbidge.'
She doesn't seem to think as weel o'
Jinimie as her niece docs." What could
Rachel say? She went homo with rage
in her heart against her aunt, and some
thing like resentment against her lover
for hasting away without a word to the
girl who could have died for him. Ah,
little did she think, yet even now a dead
misery had taken possession of her.
"Well, Miss Proudie, an how's thy
fine gentleman naa?" (Aunt Bet's own
lad had had hopes of the "office" once,
but had turned out a wastrel; hence her
bitterness. ) "Aw thout wot it 'ud be.
Some fowk can't stand gettiu up i' th'
world. Pride'll hev a fa', an thy whip-
persuapper s come a cropper, at ouy
In tongue warfare Rachel was no
where. Besides Aunt Bet wasn't worth
answering. Then, that very day, the
overlooker had threatened to reduce her
to two hxnns and had humbled her so
terribly before tho other weavers that
all the spirit seemed clean gone out of
her. She went to bed, but not to sleep.
The "knocker up" had on easy task
next morning. That day was the black
est of many black ones during the past
few weeks, aud now no lover's comfort
awaited her. Everything went wrong.
Tho stuff wouldn't weave. Her looms
seemed bewitched. The overlooker over
looked with a vengeance.
"Yo'll start on two looms tomorn,
he said. "Think on that I Aw've lots a'
wenches o' 14 'at weave better nor thee
an do moorwark on two looms fan tha'
con o three.
It was tho last straw. She dare not
face Aunt Bet and her sneers.
"Oh, Jim, Jim," was the cry of her
heart, "why couldn't you say a word to
me?" For when her heart spoke it cried
for Jim, and not for looms. Coming out
of the hot mill it was bitter cold. She
drew her shawl over her head and hur
ried away not to the pliice she called
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"home. " She scarcely knew where she
went. AktpeltsK despair wch-.heil
her sensitive spirit. Tears, unchecked
and unheeded, droppi d as she walkeiL
"Anywhere, anywhere, out of the
world!" would have been her exclama
tion could she have expressed her deep
est wish. Suddenly she found herself on
the top of the nrn voir embankment.
The moon was :;iih.i;ig upon the waii r,
which sparkled and shone with a crys
"There's nowt left to live for, an I
won't live!" find, easting her shawl
from lu r, (.he threw herself from the
embankment.- There was a sharp, ri::
ing sound. The moon shone ou, and all
"Now, Aw wonder what's come oi!t
about this money?" thought Jim Sv. in
ner us he, struck the reservoir bank on
Ids way from the Katiui home. "Folks
arc fain to stay in toneet, Aw reckon.
Aw'm glad nob'y'll see mo tijl Aw've
cleared mysel' if clearin it" is and
what canth' masters ha' taken th' trou
ble to get my address fro' mother for
no'dby else knew it an telegraph for
me to come instantly, if it's not'!1 My,
but th' frost has bin keen this two days!
Aw'll bet th' lodgo'llbear." So saying,
he ran down and tried it with his foot,
and, finding it safe, walked a distance
on the margin.
"What's that.' Good heavens!" Ho
had stumbled over tho prostrate form of
a woman lying u few feet from the em
bankment. The ice was starred in every
direction where her head had struck it.
"Poor wench!" He turned her over, and
the moon's light fell upon a face he hail
often kissed. He reeled as though he had
received the blow that made the blood
flow from that marble brow. How cold
she was! But she breathed. He picked
her up and carried her, he knew not
how, up the bank and away till ho stag
gered into his mother's cottage.
Could she be in better hands? Still
unconscious, but with signs of returning
animation, he left her and hastened to
the mill. The lights still burned in the
office. The masters were seated by the
fire, and in the background sat the mes
senger and Jabez Smethurst.
"How d'ye do, James you got our
"I did, sir, thank you."
"Boy, tell us again what you told
this morning." Whereupon the penitent
lad, with fearful looks at Jabez, told
how the overlooker had terrorized him
about small betting debts; how, at his
instigation, ho had obtained a blank
check from the office lad at Bromley's;
how Jabez had filled it in, copying the
writing from another of Bromley's
checks; how he had presented it with
the rest at the btmk and got the cash.
The sequel was known and did not need
recounting. Jabez swore it was a parcel
of lies, but the boy's evident sincerity,
revelations of Jabez's bookniaking trans
actions and later Rachel's account of her
rejection of his suit, aud his subsequent
threats and persecution, convinced tho
masters of Smethurst 's guilt. They sim
ply discharged him and eased their con
sciousness of Jim's overhasty dismissal
by raising his salary to 150 a year.
The folks who cheered a happy pair
and pelted them with rice did not see a
scar on the brow of tho bride, for it was
covered by her bridal veil Tit-Bits.
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