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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, JUNE 4, 1897.
THE IDEAL DEERINC
All Peering Mowers and Hinders have the grand feature of Hall and Holler Hearings. All competitors
realize this point and are trying to imitate it, but imitations are never so good as the genuine.
Peering Twine never falls short in weight or quality. PEERING ALL STEEL RAKErt are combined
with pole and shaft.
Garr, Scott & Co. Engines and Threshers.
There are no flies on us bt cause we use and sell Fcieen Wire Cloth, Screen Wire Poors and Windows.
If you want a good Refrigerator call and see us. Ice cream freezers, etc.
: Telepuone 73.
. 44- 4
A splendid Top Puggy for. . ,
A Pontiac Hoad Wagon, former
price fJO.OO, present price !fJ
High Grade JL M. T. Buggies,
timber like whalebone, at $75.00.
S'w)Ve and Phivtonn proportionate
W. W. CHERRY, Agent,
may7 2m South Main Street.
Ofllce on Garden Street, next door to Hrgt
Cumberland l'renbyterlan Church.
AFTER twenty yearn practice In Maury
County, twelve years of the time In
Columbia, It is not necessary for me
to say that I will still
USK MY BEST EFFORTS
to give my patrons entire satisfaction, as
my patients of twenty years ago, are my pa
tients to-day. when they need theattention
of a dentist. But I will say, under the uolil
standard, that I will insert Kild Hillings lor
11.00, and when the teeth are too fur (tone to
nil, I will make you a new set for fl2.no. Call
and see me. Olllce hours from H:'M a. in.,
until 6 p. m. felr.Hl ly
t. ki. oonnox.
O. 1. UUTl.KDGK
Gordon & Rutledge,
District ;'iitx for the
Fire Insurance Company.
FARM 1) F.l'A HTM ENT. l'olleles wilt
ten on the I imtallineiit I'lan.
Olliee: Masonic Building, Columbia,
Dr: J. D. SMITH,
Ofkice: Branch P.lock, West Seventh
Street, between Bethell House and M.
Olliee hours, 9 a. m to 4 p. m. s'epii ly
Y.1.1!!'::.?.".":'11 Jmio 10, is7.
This is one of the finest Summer Resorts
for health and pleasure, and is famous for
Its tine mineral waters, lion't fail to at tend
The llieycle 11 aces
on that day at 10:110. flood track. First
prize fi'.oo, second prize 11.00. Five or more
niayll It r.VRK RICOS. l'ropp..
Dr. Jos. T. Kleadors,
tiarJen Street, between 7th and 8th.
Columbia, : Trim.
TITCOMB'S DRUG STORE.
The "Old Rcliab!" is still "on top."
Our motto is: "Purity, Accuracy and Hon
Prescriptions Filled wtth care at all hcurs,
Compound Extract JSarsaparilla
FOB THK BLOOD!
forget that we are bad
Pure Soda Water,
Corner South Main Street and Public
Square, COLUMBIA, TEXN.
J. A. TITCOMB, Prop.
KK;r Z'AIY. fiSSTOHED
- r n i.;-:k ii Aiu MKbi-
V .: " "r -' i''"U.-.inl mlor. f i (11 Ihi
I . I- I'H IIAIIt lONH n-miiTim dplmff. amp.
I. Air n-m ti !'i!ieuit .nirfirnnintetfrrowthf 1 hi. h.,Tr )
t.V.E VI ll ANTi HiKiirtnnt..N Y CDCC
liiu k'oU lnii. on )iir on auuliotiuLl fltt
For sale by Woldrltlsre Irvine.
Agricultural and Live
Items of Interest to Farmers and
Many an acre produces its $liM) or
more in grapes, and yet many farm
ers do not grow for family use, pre
ferring to let the odd corners and
nooks grow up in weeds and bushes.
Keep the coops and runs of little
chickens perfectly clean; foul coops
breed disease and the chicks often
die from the effects, and you wonder
what was the cause of it.
As soon as the young chicks can
eat whole grain, begin feeding them
whole wheat, or, better still if you
can, have corn, wheat and oats
crushed together and give them all
they will eat several times a day.
There is no other grain of which a
dollar's worth will plant as many
acreas as corn. It does not pay to
U89 any hut the most thoroughly
trustworthy seed of the hest varie
If seed corn has been exposed to
extreme winter temperature, test it
by planting a given number of ker
nels in a box, and placing by the
kitchen stove; 1)3 per cent, should
show healthy sprouts.
A miss in getting a good stand of
corn to start with is a miss clear
through, for no after work can atone
for a mistake in laying the founda
tion for a crop.
If cultivated soil dries off and re
mains crusted after rain, enormous
is the amount of water which will
evaporate in a hot, windy day; it is
claimed that the amount will reach
100,000 pounds an acre. 8tir it.
Oats are just as hard on clover as
are weeds on the corn p'lant, and it
does not need shade any more than
does corn. Why not give it a
chance by sowing it alone and mow
ing olf the tops of young weeds.
The first ten days' experience
after planting constitutes a crisis in
the history of the corn crop; the
weeds urow rampant, but frequent
shallow cultivation is thoroughly
equal to the occasion.
There tire too many people in the
world short on the necessaries of
life to give room for the serious pro
mulgation or the theory or overpro
duction. What are needed are im
proved methods and cheaper means
w hue dairy farms may not give
as large yearly yields as those de
voted to grain, they are worked at
much less expense for labor and
tools, and give as large clear income.
Moreover, the land is the gainer all
Uones consumed with wood will
greatly increase the value of wood
ashes, and money cannot buy any
article which will so enrich the soii.
The bones will not be hard to find.
Practically, an aero consisting of
a plat of Kill rods long and one rod
wide which is "back furrowed," is
much larger than one which is 20
rods long and eight rods wide which
is plowed in the usual manner.
The ilrst thought of the careful
and thoughtful corn raiser is to get
in his quick and timely work on the
weeds. After the little rains is the
one time they can be effectually
After plowing sometimes only a
few hours is required to so dry out
the soil that when harrowed it is im
possible to get the surface in such a
fine state as is necessary to insure
the best results.
The plowing should be so deep
that all moisture will be soon ab
sorbed and stored for use when it is
needed at the surface, at which time
it will he brought up by the capil
lary action of the earth.
W lien corn is drilled rather thick
er than usual for fodder purposes it
should be remembered to let the
rows run north and south, that the
sunlight may have better access to
Corn should not bo planted until
the soil is sufficiently, warm to in
duce speedy germination and vigor
ous growth. Green, not yellow, is
the normal shade of the corn plant.
Manure under cover is dry and
easily handled at any season. Those
who have hauled out wet manure
from a wet bai n-yard will appreciate
Of two farmers with equal mental;
and physical attainments, the ono
with a small farm gets more com
fort and satisfaction from his work,
and quite as much net profits as the
one with a larger farm.
Might it not be well for those
farmers who have been growing
more wheat and corn than they
could sell at paying prices to turn
their attention to the sugar beet?
The home demand will absorb 2,000,-
000 tons annually.
The United htates has been an
nually paying a hundred millions
for raw sugar. Why not occupy this
field and add a most valuable article
to our productions? The sugar beet
is destined to deliver us.
Mammoth clover has some advan
tages over other varieties; it can be
cut earlier in time for a seed bed
for wheat; it produces more seed an
acre than red; when cut it leaves a
vast amount of vegetable matter in
the soil for the feeding of the next
When feeding oats to horses it is
worse than useless to thresh them,
as you only waste the money paid
for the work, and render the straw
of less feeding value.
Some men do not see that as their
land increases in value it must grow
crops of increasing value, or event
ually be farmed at a loss. Taxes
and interest value grow.
When fed intelligently milk is
one of the most important elements
of a well balanced ration for all
vounir stock. It makes excellent
calves and colts when fed with oil
Europe sold us her best breeds of
sheep a nd cattle at fancy prices, and
now clamors for protection against
our cheap beef. We offer it the best
which sells in its markets and that
is inst what we raise it for.
We can not have implicit confi
dence in the efllciency of good
breeding animals, . especially of
bucks, for we must not disregard
their ancestry. Hereditary defects
may show up.
Scientific authority now ac
knowledges what practical farmers
said long ago that corn cobs have
a feeding value when ground with
corn. The farmers were right, but
could not tell why.
A strand of barbed wire on top the
fence will often restrain breechy or
unruly cattle and horses better than
an additional board or rail, even if
it does not make much show.
A good cistern, made with a filter,
anil large enough to hold all the
water from the barn, will furnish
drink of the right temperature for
the stock, for both summer and
The whey of milk is not nutritious
when fed alone, but it is fattening,
and needs to be fed with rations
of wheat bran, ground oats or peas,
all of which abound in elements
which promote growth.
To make the most of the feed con
sumed, horses should be given a lit
tle salt at least once a day in their
food. Nature seems to have pro
vided it as a promoter of good di
gestion. The general principle prevails that
an animal possesses all the proper
ties of its ancestors in an average
degree. All the inheritage proper
ties are reproduced by hereditary
the cheapest wav in which we
can lessen the cost of production is
to shorten the time we take to make
it ready for market. Tins we must
do in the keeping of all live stock.
hheep and hogs should bo as
regularly supplied with salt as other
animals, if we would get the best re
sults of growth and fat from the
food and water consumed.
It is not much more work to run
the outs through the ha v cutter than
to thresh them, and if the straw is
clean and bright it makes good food
For Infants and Children.
Ti he- J
for horses, unci saves just so much
Railroads are adopting larger
freight cars because it is a matter of
profit to do so; the progress of the
age demands larger wagons and
larger horses to haul thfcm, for just
the same reason.
It pays to raise one's own calves
if we raise them from the best cows,
and they are sired by a thorough
bred bull whose dam possesses the
milk or butter qualifications needed.
The owner has the opportunity
from the dav the calf is dropped un
til it is a full fledged cow to make it
gentle. Kindness is an important
item of the stock in trade on the
dairy farm, as it is every where else.
A dairy animal, if breeding, Should
he kept in good condition, and be
provided with sufllcient nutrition
for the development of her offspring.
ir giving milk, the supply ot food
should contemplate the process of
the secretion of milk.
It is a most foolish and absurd
practice to stint an animal in food or
water. 1 here is no time from the
birth of a cow until she is disposed
of that starvation will pay.
owners ot fancy stock who are
"worth a mint of money" usually do
things about right. It is in the
herds of ordinary bred cattle where
injury is more apt to be shown
from a course of seini starvation.
Think about it.
The rich vegetable matter in the
soil about the fruit tree can be con
verted into available plant material
only by coming in contact with the
outside air; whatever else we do, we
should stir the surface, that the air
and rain my penetrate.
Although sage is a hardy plant, it
is sown oy gardeners near ew i ork
by early May, and transplanted to
the garden after other crops have
been taken off in July; $300 or $100 is
often made from an acre.
Small plants are much more safe
ly transplanted from one place to
another than larger ones. Not only
are they more likely to live, but the
check caused bv transplanting is
When trees are small nearly all
the roots can be taken with the top
In re-setting large trees nearly all
the roots procured are the larger
ones, and are of but little use in sus
tabling life in their new position.
When large trees are removed
they have the disadvantage of be
ing shaken more by the winds, be
cause they have a greater surface;
they are loosened and greatly hin
dered in getting a new start.
It costs no more to raise good
berries than poor ones, neither to
pick nor deliver them; freight and
express charges are the same
When sold, good berries always go
first and bring largest prices.
A quarter of an acre, rich and well
cultivated, should yield from 20 to
40 bushels of berries. These will
supply the table bountifully, and
give a nice surplus to sell.
Most fruit gardens are deficient in
potash. An application of wood
ashes will supply this want, and is
especially valuable for light, sandy
If peaches are thinned until they
are four or Ave inches apart on the
limbs, every fruit is much more
likely to be perfect, and the crop
worth a good deal more than if
every peach is left which has set.
It is hard to persuade a grower to
thin his fruit, but no item of culture
can be followed with better profit.
Try a few trees, and leave others to
their own way, and be codvinced of
the truth or the folly of the sugges
It the weak canes are cut out and
the long, slender laterals pruned un
til a well rounded bush is (formed,
the fruit will be improved not only
in size and quality but the yield will
bo greatly increased.
It but little room can be given to
the orchard, plant dwarf pears and
quinces. These will give a larger
money yield than can be obtained
by planting the same land in large
Four hundred and fifty quince
trees can be planted to the acre. If
these produce but half a bushel each
it would be a nice return; but from
the choice varieties it will be no
task to double the yield.
Arrange to put your berries in
packages which need not be re
turned; this will cheapen freights,
present the fruit to better advant
age, and it will widen the market,
because buyers need not be responsi
ble for the baskets.
The open weather last week in
duced large offerings of corn, and
cash markets like JiVansville and
St. Louis saw a decline of 2 or 3
cents in this commodity.
COLUMBIA MARKET KEl'OKT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Oamble
Oroeery Company and It. Holding.
Cotton 6W (P
Sorghum, from wagon
Shoulders . .
Grain and Hay.
'( i Clover, from wagon :tft(il
Timothy ,troin wagon iioc
Lard, from wagon .I'iO
Hour, per bbl 4 !tni5 40
S.itfur, granulated 6u
Coflee l.Vit lii
Meal, irom null ... 40
Sulicrilie for the Herald.
Timelj', Practical and Intercstim; Infor
mation For the Fki'iiimi-n.
The question of threshing wheat at
th proper time rarely receives the
consideration due from farmers, and
yet it is of vital importance to them.
Wheat threshed damp or in an un
fit condition invariably causes a loss
of 5 to 10 cents per bushel. It is of
utmost importance that the grain be
thoroughly dry, and farmers should
know when it is fit to thresh and not
depend on the advice of the thresh
er owner, who of course wants to get
out as much grain as possible. It is
always money in the pocket to
The prospects to-day in this
county for a large crop of wheat is
better than lias been known for
Wheat harvesting will begin this
week in the vicinity of Dallas and
Ft. Worth, Texas. The Dallas News
says, "wheat here as good as can
be." Texas expects a yield of thirty
A Chicago trader (back from Kan
sas) says that state will raise 00 mil
lion bushels this year.
Keerbohms report May 14, says:
"lleports from Austria, Hungary,
say a heavy snow fall is damaging
small grains. The weather in the
British Isles lias been unseasonably
cold this week, and France com
plains of damage to growing wheat
from a like cause."
A prominent St. Louis grain
journal gives the ff.llowinw encour
aging report of growing wheat in the
winter districts : "Not only is the
acreage in the Southern States
greatly in excess of that of last year,
but is about 2.000,000 acres the larg
est ever sown: and the present con
dition of tli e crop is likewise the
best average of record for that sec
tion. Thus we have added to the
average acreage of former years in
the Central, Eastern and Western
winter wheat States, a new South;
eru area that far more than equals
the abandoned area in Illinois and
Missouri, to hieh must be added
the larger acreage and better than
18!K condition in New York, Ohio,
Michigan, Indiana, Kansas, Cali
fornia and several other States. In
other words, the injured area is
more than offset by the increased
acreage, and the condition in the
leading winter wheat growing States
is much more satisfactory than that
of a year ago."
Wheat is harvested in some , por
tion of the Globe each month of the
A very common error often heard
repeated is to the effect that yellow
corn possesses more nutritive quali
ties than the white, and while an
analysis shows the white to possess
considerable more than does the
It is estimated that not more than
10 per cent, of the corn crop of the
United States leaves first hands;
this crop, amounting annually to
more than 2,000,000,000 bushels, be
ing fed to stock and used for food
ColDtia Planim Ml and Furniture Factory. EstablisM in 1861.
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb Jc Smith) Manufacturer of and Denier In
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and promptly attended to. Turning and Scroll
Sawing of every variety. Stair Hailing, Balusters, Newell Posts.
have always on hand a larpre stock of Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
Sush, Doors, blinds, Etc., which I will sell on the most advantageous terms.
A full supply of IJrick always on hand.
FRANK H. SMITH,
ACME EASY CHAIR.
YOURICHOICE FOR $7.50.
finely made, superb1
finish, medium prices
of Secretaries, Combination Book-cases,
Sideboards, Library Cases, and Ladies'
Desks. W. J. OAKES,
juneoly Xorlh Main Street, Columbia, Teun.
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
HOUGH and DEESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings.
WOOD delivered to ull parts of the city.
T(V"lTl?rv-0'!!'n(1 lumlier wanted. ( Bn hDd s ui before buylng elsewhere.
ItLt t hu.n h o. 16. " fpjjoj jy
Jefferson Oavis's Heroism.
A correspondent of the Nicholas
ville (Ky.) Journal who signs bim
self "J. li. W.," recalls an instance of
bravery and self-sacrifice in the
lite of Jefferson Davis, i'ho time of
the story is the summer of 1833 and
the scene Lexington, during the
siege of Asiatic cholera, and the
writer says: "Whole families were
swept away in a few hours, with
none left to bury them. No religious
services, no one to make coffin,,
everyone fleeing away, panic
stricken, like thieves in the night, on
foot if they could not ride, camping
out in the woods, sleeping in caves,
anything to get away. At t his time
Mr. Davis was a student tit Transyl
vania, then in the height of its pros
perity, and chief institution of learn
ing in the West, and a number of
students boarded with a Mrs Janu
ary on Limestone street, who was
the aunt of my informant, who was
also living in the same locality, and
is still living, in Independence. Mo.
In the beginning of the panic all the
students left except Mr. Davis, who
remained throughout the session.
tenderly nursing this ladv, who fell
a victum to the dread disease, and
other members of the family, includ
ing tile servants, ministering to
them as gently as a woman and
carrying them out and assisting in
I want to buy and am prepared
pay the highest market price.
may7 fit R. Holding
Dost love a man who always kicks,
no matter what you do who kicks
with prodigious ease the whole long
season through; who kicks if any
thing goes wrong and kicks if all
goes right; who kicks because he
likes to kick, and kicks with all his
might? We know some awful kick
ers on this wicked mundane sphere,
who come on earth by accident and
kick because they're here; they
make themselves uncomfortable anil
other people sick; they drive them
selves tosuicide,and still tiiey always
kick. We know a man who kicks
and kicks the blessed livelong day,
and if there's naught to kick about
he's kicking anyway. At times
when things are going right and
other people smile, he kicks on gen
eral principles, and kickethall the
while. Greene ville Democrat.
Ci.krk and Master's Office, )
Columbia, May 14. 1897.
Margaret (Jant, col., Complainant, vs.
Martha Caldwell, col., et. al., Defen
dant. It appearing from affidavit filed in this
cause, that the defendant, Matilda Gor
don, is a non-resident of the State of
It is therefore ordered that she enter
her appearance herein, before or with
in the lirst three days of the next term
of the Chancery Court, to be held at
Columbia on the first Monday in July,
next, 1W7, and plead, answer or demur
to Complainant's bill, or the same will be
taken for confessed as to her and set
for hearing ex parte; and that a copy of
this order be published for four conseeu
tive weeks in the Columbia Herald.
A Copy Attest:
X. X. AlvIX, Clerk A Master .
J. A. Smiser, Sol'r for Compl't.
Progressive . . .
Our offerings ' for
the spring season
will be found to in
clude the latest and
best ideas in"
CHAIRS s COUCHES.
S:si.W ':". ?A VM
ACME HYGIENIC COUCH (PATENTED).