Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA IIERALD: FRIDAY, JULY 2. 1SH7.
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
SUBSCI FKTION RATKB:
In the County H-00.
Out of the County 1-25-
Entered Bt the post-office at ColumbiB.Ten
nesflee bh gecond-clnss mall matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
Ttksday was Columbia and
Maury County Day at the Nashville
Exposition, but alas, alas, we all
What lias become of the sugges
tion to bring a competing telegraph
line to Columbia? That is too good
a suggestion to be allowed to die out.
Somebody should take hold of it
and push it along.
Whkn it reaches that point that
the people of Tennessee cannot call
a convention to improve their or
ganic law, without the consent of
the office holders, then the office
holders are becoming as dangerous
as the corporations.
Thekk should be a fu&ion between
the Democrats, silver Republicans
and Populist in l'JOO, and to that end
and for the general good of their
country, the Populists ought to be
gin in time to whip Tom Watson
into line or choke him off.
The Southern Telephone Com
pany have betn granted the right of
way into Nashville, and their generul
manager says they will begin opera
tion inside of 90 days. The new
company already has 1,500 sub
scribers in the city of Nashville.
In Murfreesboro ice sells at 25
cents a hundred. In Columbia it
sells at 60 cents. Will some of our
dealers please explain why our peo
ple are made to pay more than twice
as much for this summer necessity,
than the Murfreesboro dealer charg
es his customers?
The Nashville Sun says: "Ten
years in the penitentiary wouldn't
be too much for the enemies of the
public who enter into an infamous
fust or combine to force prices up."
TheSiinwas talking of dealers in
ice. If it had been referring to
dealers in wheat, the sentence
would have concluded with the word
"down." If the people would take
the same interest in enforcing the
laws against trusts and combines
that they do in having these laws
passed, the country would soon be
rid of these curses; and if the Sun can
work them up to that active interest
in their own affairs, it will have ac
complished a great good. .
A local item in yesterday's issue
of the Maury Democrat, thougli the
motive was perhaps good, leaves a
false impression. Little complaint
has been made against the day ser
vice of the Citizens' Telephone Ex
change, and none against "the
young ladies who manage the
switch-board." The complaint has
been against the night service, and
the young men who "don't" manage
the switch-hoard. The Herald is
heart and soul for the Citizens' Com
pany jiroi hh tl it gives good service.
The ladies who have charge of the
day service, are exceptionally
promp, efficient and accommodat
ing. All we ask is that the night
service may be as good.
Gen. Li.'kk E. Whiuht of Mem
phis, and Hon. Jas. M. Head of
Nashville, will speak at Columbia
next Tuesday for a Constitutional
Convention. Even the wheat har
vest is not so important to the far
mer as the constitution he lives un
der. Any man, it matters not who
he is or how busy he may be, can
afford the time to come and hear two
such able debaters and entertaining
talkers ns the gentlemen above men
tioned, upon so important a subject.
Indeed, no man interested in the
future of Tennessee and its constitu
tional provisions, can afford not to
study this question. We bespeak,
therefore, for Messrs Head and
Wright, and for the cause they rep
resent, a large audience next Tues
It is now in order for the goldites
to exclaim that the silver craze is
passing away. They should not
grow unused to their battle cry. The
silver craze passed over Kentucky a
few weeks since while the State
Democratic convention was in ses
sion, and captured everything in
sight. This week it crazed the Ohio
Democrats. They went so crazy
over silver and Billy liryan that it
was hours before they would con
sent to have anything else in their
platform. Not content with reaf
firming and redeclaring the princi
ples embodied therein, they even
borrowed the verbiage of the Chi
cago platform, in part, that they
might train close on the lines of the
Bryan campaign. It begins to look
like the New York World's prophesy
is coming true; that in 1900 the
country will be so overwhelmingly
for Bryan and free silver that the
Republicans, and their aids, the
goldites, need not make any at
tempt even to stem the tide.
THE M il EAT CHOP.
Our farmers have been very busy
this week threshing their wheat,
selling and delivering it. The
weather lias been favorable for the
harvest, and (excepting those who
are holding for better prices) it is
perhaps safe to say that one-half
of this crop the largest one ever
raised in Maury, has already been
threshed and sold, if not delivered.
Those who were fortunate enough
to deliver before the first, got, as a
rule, 65 cents per bushel; the pre
vailing price since the first has been
62 -2. The Nashville buyers, both
millers and speculators, could have
paid 5 cents more per bushel, and
still been on the safe side for a fair
profit. If they had, our millers and
speculators here could and would
have done likewise. With any
thing like organization or union be
tween the wheat growers of Middle
Tennessee, they could as easily as
not have received 5 cents more per
bushel than they did.
There is an enormous net loss to
the farmers, incurred by their not
attending to their business as they
should. If your crop amounted to
500 bushels, your loss was $25; if
your neighbor's crop was 5,000 bush
els, his loss was $250. And it might
Just as well been saved as lost.
Next year this question should be
considered in time and this money
saved to the fanner, who does all the
work and takes all the chances in
raising the stuff, and who is entitled
at least to fair competition in the
open markets of the world.
However, while we would advise
self-protection in the future, there is
more cause for rejoicing than for
grieving. Through the beneficence
of Him who sendeth the rain and
maketh the sun to shine, the yield
was unusually large; very many
crops averaging twenty bushels per
acre; not a few reaching twenty
five, and some going as high as thir
ty. Another fortunate circumstance
is that the acreage in the county
was unusually large. And then, too,
60 to 65 cents per pushel is not a bad
price; with a good yield, such as we
have had this year, there is money
in wheat at 60 cents per bushel.
The County Court will convene
in regular quarterly session next
Monday, and among other things,
they will have up for discussion the
proposition to mortgage the property
of the people with a bond issue.
The Herald has called attention to
this matter several times, but the
tax payers as usual prefer to wait
until kicking will do no good, then
kick. This county was practically
out of debt ten years ago. By care
lessness, by inefficiency or extrava
gance, or by a combination of theso
faults, the County Court has piled
up a debt at the rate of about five
thousand dollars a year; and now
for no good reason that we can see,
they propose to put the debt into
bonds, in order that the magistrates,
the office-holders, the professional
jurors and witnesses may have their
warrants cashed upon presentation
The scheme may or may not bo
good politics; certainly it is not
good financiering. It would relieve
the Court of the strain from impor
tunate holders of warrants, but they
need that very strain to make them
more calculating and economical
than they have been. It would
make the whole debt bear interest
then, whereas now upon a consider
able part of it the interest is not
taken into account, and it would
send the interest abroad, whereas
now the interest is paid to home
people and bv them Vpent with
home people. It may be said in
argument when this question comes
up, that the bonds will be placed at
home. And so they may be; or so
they may appear to be; but in
reality they will he bought if
bought at all by home capitalists
to be sold again for a profit. It is
purely a business question, and
should not be effected by any per
sonal or political considerations;
and as a business proposition it does
not commend itself at this particu
lar time to any favorable considera
What we need in this state is
committee, employed and paid by
the people, to enforce the lawsrelat
ing to public corporations, combines
and trusts. The combined capital
ists do pretty much as they please.
The people get aroused at high
handed outrages now and then, tear
their hair and shout for a general
law governing this class of public
robbers. The legislators with a
great deal of pomp and ceremony
and bluster and furor, pass the law,
it is approved by the Governor,
spread upon the statutes, and then
forgotten. The people think they
have accomplished a great deal,
when really they have just begun to
get ready to accomplish something.
But when they "have carried the
day," as they think, they cool off,
and the trusts, combines and cor
porations continue their nefarious
practices. What we need is a com
mittee in every town who will look
after the people's interest and en
force the laws against these public
Don't become so engrossed in
threshing your wheat, digging your
potatoes or plowing your corn, as to
neglect your constitutional rights.
Every man owes it to himself and
his children to listen when there is
talk of changing the old or making
a new constitution. One of the
many troubles with this day and
age and country, is that the people
leave to a few the privilege of mak
ing their laws. L P. Padgett will
speak upon this Constitutional Con
vention question at the court house
next Monday. Come and hear him.
War wood's Sarsaparillu for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Kains.
I'ONSTITCTIOX A L I'OJi VEMIUN.
It is pretty generally known that ex
(Governor Peter Turney is against the
Constitutional Uoiiven ion ; but the
weakness of the reasons which he as
signs for his opposition is not so gen
erally known, because his public letter
to Joseph II. Thompson, Winchester,
Term., of May 2", 1S!I7, announcing his
position, has not been so generally
The opponents of the convention pre
fer to simply announce the fact of the
venerable ex-iovernor's opposition
than to circulate his letter, for they are,
as reasonable men, well satisfied that
his name will be of greater inlhience
than his reasons.
It was natural enough to have sup
posed that Peter Turney would state
the objections against a Constitutional
Convention with greater clearness and
cogency than any other member of
the opposition. His long and honor
able public service as Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court and then as Gov
ernor of the State, it seems, would have
qualified hira to have given us strong,
if not conclusive, reasons why we
should not undertake tiie revision of
our fundamental law. Hut we read his
letter in vain for any clear or sensible
reason why the people should not favor
The full text of the letter is as follows:
W inch k st f ii, May 2", 1897. Joseph
II. Thompson Dear'Sir: lam certain
ly opposed to a Constitutional Conven
tion in all its forms. I have made one
speech at this place against it, but I
have given no authority, directly or in
directly, for the statement - that I will
make a canvass against it. I would
like to do bo, if my health would permit.
The Democratic party does not father
tne measure. me Democratic Conven
tion refused to incorporate it iu its
platform. Home of the best and most
consistent Democrats are opposing it,
ana no one is autnorzeu to claim it as
a Democratic movement. Home of its
most earnest supporters are Republi
cans; for instance, ex-Congressman An
derson, of the b irst District In what
does it consist of Democracy? When
did the Democratic party propose to do
tilings unaer cover ana in tlie d'li kr
Has not that party avowed its princi
ples in plain terms? Is there anything
of the sort iu this movement? Who
knows what is to be proposed in tlie
convention should it be called?
lou will una its advocates not agree
ing among themselves. Some are aii
vocating measures that others opoose
When aid it come to pass aud who dis
covered that it was safe and the only
safety of the nearly two millions of
people in the State to delegate their
right of free thought and free speech to
ninety-nine men indiscriminately elec
ted? What sort of Democracy is that?
hen 1 vote I want to know what I
am voting for. I want to do my own
thinking. Why have the friends of the
measure failed to call the people t;
gether in some way and lay down the
evils to remedy aud their proposed
measures oi relier, Instead of trying to
et up a convention to be run without
rudder, chart or compass, and in the
1 stand on the platform built by Old
Hickory in his message to Congress on
Dec. 7, is:!.", in which lie said: "I'rono
sitions to introduce new features in our
fundamental law cannot be too patient
ly examined, and ought not to be re
ceivod with favor until the great body
of the people arc thoroughly impressed
Willi tlieir necessity and value as
remedy for real evils."
1 hese convention people propose to
elect a convention iu the dark and then
elect delegates in tlie dark to go un
pledged and unrestrained to make the
supreme law of the land, and when they
have done this submit their creation to
the vote of the people.
Now I ask all reasoning and thinking
men how many of us could in the short
time between the passing a Constitu
tion by the Convention and the election
for its adoption or rejection, sufficiently
study aud understand to vote intelli
gently upon ltr A constitution is no
little or common instrument. Kven af
ter one has been made by such wIhc
men as Jackson, McKinney, Nicholson,
Drown aud others, serious questions
arise that can only be settled by the
Therefore, I say, let us use less haste
and more caution thau we are now ask
ed to use. (iive the neoole time and
chance to see what disposition they are
making of their rights and how they
are guarding them. In short, let the
Constitution of the people be made . by
people ana Tor the people.
This can only be done when the pecv
pie have had the opportunity to exam
ine the proposed Constitution or the
avowed principles it is to contain and
are thorough! v impressed with neces
sity and value as a remedy for real
evils. If this rule is not purely and
thoroughly Democratic, then 1 have
been in error all my life.
1 lie newspapers favoring a Conven
tion say it is not a party measure. Cer
tainly the mode of getting it up is not
Democratic. If it is, it is a departure
from tlie old lines that I cannot and
will not follow. Yours truly,
I have thus given the letter in full in
order that the people may see whether
the reasons offered by the opposition
are satisfactory. It is by no means the
purpose of the advocates of the conven
tion to carry tins election against
the will of the people. If they are not
well satisfied that it is to the best in
terest of the State, then indeed would it
be a dangerous experiment to call a con
veution. This is one subject upon which
the people should be particularly well
informed, in order that they might be
prepared iotn to vote intelligently in
August next and to accept or reject the
new constitution when it shall have
been submitted to them. It is for these
reasons that the advocates of the con
veution have been very active in dis
tributing literature upon the subject
making public speeches, writing arti
cie atm pamphlets lor circulation, in
fact in every possible public way the
effort has been made to set forth the
reasons why we need constitutional
revision, aud the unfair and untrue in
timation in the above letter that we are
proposing "to do things under cover
and in the dark," is not warranted by
theopen methods which the advocates
of the convention have pursued iu the
conduct of this campaign; and these
"dark methods" exist nowhere except
in the umbrageous imagiu -ttion of tlie
venerable ex-statesman. His objection
that it has not been incorporated in tlie
Democratic platform may be dismissed
with the statement that it is not a ques
tion of partisan politics, although it
is generally known that the Republi
cans are atrainst it, while two Demo
cratic legislatures have pronounced in
favor of it by voting to submit the
question to the people.
"When did it come to pass," says the
writer," and who discovered that it was
safe and the only safety of nearly two
millions of people in the state to dele
gate their right of free thought and free
speech to ninety-nine men indiscrimi
This grand principle of representa
tive government came to pass many
centuries ago and it has been nurtured
and developed by the Anglo-Saxon race
as the safest and strongest bulwark of
liberty. It is the very fundamental
principle of our republican govern
ment that the people have the right and
power "to delegate their right of free
thought and free speech" to their repre
sentatives. It is the living principle
of every state and of the colonies be
fore the states, and is the foundation
and security of our civil and political
liberty. Hut sulllce it to say that, in no
other way has an American constitu
tion ever been framed, that is, except
by representatives of tlie people duly
chosen by the people themselves; and
if this country is to continue to be the
land of the free, no constitution will
ever be framed otherwise.
There are several other points which
I would have considered, but the publi
cation of the entire letter has reduced
the space for comment, and I leave it to
the discriminating Judgment of the
reading public Sam Holdino.
Don't neglect a cough because the
weather is pleasant: before the next
6torm rolls around it may develop into
a serious dilliculty beyond repair. One
Minute Cough Cure is easy to take and
will do what its name implies. A. Ii.
SILVER WAS KING.
Democrats Declare For
Coinage of Silver.
A Elariiimilouit Convention Win. J.
Bryan' Nanin KM'el v"l Lusty
CoLCMHLS, O., June :t0. The
Democratic State Convention here
to-day was one of the most memora
ble political occasions in the his
tory of Ohio. It was a convention
of unanimity on principles and of
differences on men, especially on
those who were candidates for
places on the State ticket. In the
contest for favorites it was also a
convention of endurance, as the
delegates took no rests and were in
session continually from 10 a. m.
until almost that hour to-night.
It was a free silver convention
throughout. While there were some
differences of opinion about adopt
ing the anti-trust and the Cuban
resolutions, there was not a dissent
ing voice in the convention to the
declaration of tlie free and un
limited coinage of silver at the ratio
of 10 to 1 without tlie co-operation
of any other nation. The name of
William J. Bryan was mentioned in
some way by every speaker as the
only sure way of bringing out a
chorus of applause.
While there was no place on the
State ticket accorded to either the
silver Republicans or the Populists,
yet representatives of both those
elements co-operated in the conven
tion and an informal fusion was per
fected. The silver Republicans and
tlie Populists are themselves re
sponsible for having no representa
tives on tlie ticket, as they would
not ask for such representation,
stating that they were more inter
ested in tlie platform than in the
The following state ticket was
Governor. Horace L. Cham pman.
Lieut.-Gov. Melville D. 8
Supreme Judge J. P. Spriggs.
Attorney General W. H. Dore.
State Treasures James P. Wil
son. Board of Public Works Peter H.
School Commissioner Byron H.
In addition to the State ticket
nominated, there is an implied ar
rangement for John R. McLean for
Senator with the States candidates
as well as the party organization for
him. Still it is reported that ex
Congressman Paul J. Sorg will also
be iu the field for Senator. The Mc
Lean men did not name their first
favorite for Governor or hold the
resolutions as they had fixed them
last night, but these concessions
were made in the interest of har
mony. They wanted nothing in the
platform but the declaration for free
silver as the paramount issue, but
they would not vote against the
anti-trust and Cuban resolutions
when once presented.
Just before the convention was
called to order to-day, a huge gold
cross was carried into the room. It
had as ornaments the crown of
thorns and a clock indicating 18
minutes to 1 o'clock. It was quite
large, and as it formed the centre
piece among the floral designs about
the stape, Chairman Sloan in ges
ture, pointed to it with great effect
as he proceeded with his vigorous
speech. There was also a living
white rooster perched on the stage.
The speech of Chairman Sloan was
frequently interrupted with the
wildest demonstration of applause,
especially in his reference to silver.
Tlie key-note of everything was sil
ver. The Glee Club that entertained
FIcIennon, Anderson Foster.
We sell goods for cash only, but sell them very low.
"We Told You So !"
We knew you would thank us for adopt
ing the cash system, and now that the old
time, half yearly pay day (worry day you might call it), has
swung around the circle again, you can see how near right
we were. None of your own debts to pay, to say nothing
of the bad debts that you would have to help pay it you
bought on time.
Now let's celebrate this old time pay day by having a
WHOLE MONTH'S CLEARING SALE BEGIN
NING Next Monday Morning, July 5th.
House cleaning it might be .called, getting ready to take
stock the last day in this month.
SILK STRIPED COTTON CHALLIES, twenty
one styles, and the makers thought they had a splendid 20c
fabric, and so they did, but their calculations were spoiled, and
we had them in April to sell at 10c. Commencing next
Monday, balance of this 21 styles, 7 i-2c yard.
A THOUSAND YARDS of fine French Printed, Plain
and Satin Striped Organdies, the pieces that are left of our
best 20c to 35c sellers, dark and light grounds, commencing
next Monday morning, fjc the yard.
Five hundred yards White P. K., in three designs, 10c to
15c qualities, commencing next Monday, jc the yard.
TEN STYLES of fine all wool 60c, 75c and $1.00 Black
Grenadines, commencing next Monday, J$c the yard. We
are the losers.
Remnants of fine Bleached Linen Table Damask, in 2,3,
and 3- yard lengths, at 50c, 60c and 70c the yard. And all
linens are to be from 25 to 100 per cent higher.
Ready-made Pillow Cases, splendid quality, 42x36 inches,
commencing next Monday, gc
Fifty pairs Children's black
and tan Oxtords, sizes 5 to
io, from 90c and $1.00 pair,
to, commencing next Monday,
Ladies'. Ready-made Crash
Skirts, $i.jS each.
Hoys' Long Pant Suits,
sizes 14 to 19 years, from $6
and $6.50, commencing next
Monday, $..jo suit.
Hoys'' Jilack and Tan Kid Oxfords, sizes zh to 5 J,, next
Monday (jSc pair, from $2.00.
If you see it in our ad. it's so.
KIcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
the large audience in the early hours
sang only silver songs, and it was on
the silver chords that Chairman
Sloan struck the response.
The greatest demonstration of the
convention followed that part of
Chairman Sloan's speech iu which
he referred to William J. Bryan as
the leader of the silver cause for
WOO, and it was with this claim thit
tlie speaker closed his key-note
An anti-trust resolution was
adopted as follows:
"We hereby declare all trusts and
monopolies hostile and dangerous to
the people's interest, and a standing
menace to the perpetuity of our free
institutions; and we demand the
vigorous enforcement of all anti
trust laws and such additional legis
lation as may be necessary for their
immediate and final suppression."
Wheat One And One-Half
Cents Per Bushel Higher,
Farmers, we give 1 cts. per bushel
more for wheat at any railroad sta
tion than other dealers.
We do not pay agents at the dif
ferent stations this commission, but
we give it to you ; so call to see or
tf City Grain & Feed Co.
Kth H. Wade died last week at his
home in Murfreesboro. He was one
of the best known men in the state,
and as a "reading clerk," had no
equal. He was reading clerk in the
House of Representatives at one
time, and served several times
in this capacity in tlie Tennessee
legislature. His last service of that
character was at the Chicago con
vention last year. Under Governor
Uuchanan's administration he was
Superintendent of Prisons. He
leaves a wife, four daughters and
The Polk place in Nashville has
been sold for $15,0(10. It was a court
sale and will most likelv not be rati
fied. Kev. W. C Daily, the founder of
the Northern Methodist Church in
the South, died iu Kuoxville this
I will be iu the market for
amount ; large crops or small crops
each, from 15c.
Pl IlLIt SPKAKlXiJ.
In (lie Circuit Court Room lit Ciiltimliin
Hon. L. P. Padgett will address
the public in the Circuit Court room
at Columbia next Monday, upon the
Constitutional Convention question.
Mr. Padgett's reputation is a guar
antee that he will handle this im
portant subjeet well, and the people
should avail themselves of this op
portunity to study this question.
Take Notice, Farmers!
We pay no money to agents to buy
wheat every cent goes to the farm
er. See us or telephone McLemore's
tf City Grain & Feed Co.
THree Great Offerings
in mini's Soils.
FOR THE NEXT
TEN DAYS. . .
Offer No. 1. Choice of any
5.00, or $6.00
suit in the l flfl
house at O.UU.
Offer No. 2. Choice of any
$8.00. $9.00 or
$10.00 suit in 00 nn
the bouse at. 00. UU.
Offer No. St. Choice of any
$12.50 or $15.00
suit in the
Just re ei ved a new line of
Soft If os )m Shirts for hot
) C Bogatzky,
Star Clothini House,.
N. Sides Public Square.