Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 1G, 1897.
i NEWS AND COMMENT.
Mrs. Mary Ellen Lease p u y s the
silver question is an issue of the
past, and socialism is the new star.
Thk Seventh International Con
vention of tli e Ilaptist Young Peo
ple's Union is in session at Chatta-
Decker, Howell & Co., one of
the largest brokerage firms doing
business in Wall street, made
assignment this week.
Til K Christian Endeavorers have
just closed a big convention at San
Francisco. The meeting next year
will be held at Nashville.
It is said that Captain-General
"Weyler, the bloody butcher who has
been leading the Spanish forces in
Cuba, has been recalled by the
The conferees on the tariif bill
have no regard for the Sabbath.
They nursed their pet measure for
four hours, last Sunday, in their
anxiety to have it thrust upon the
public as soon as possible.
The first disorderly deed since the
beginning of the miners' strike is
reported from New Strattsville, ().,
where eight cars of coal, standing
on a siding were run down grade
through a switch and wrecked.
Gold has been discovered in large
quantities in Alaska, and people
from every direction are flocking
there. It is said that one niece of
ground on Eldorado Creek, forty
five feet wide, has produced $1)0,000
The Association of Independent
Telephone Exchanges of Tennessee
was formally organized at Knox
ville last week. 1 his Association is
the outcome of the recent telephone
men's convention held in Detroit,
The State Convention of Hanna
crats of Kentucky is in session at
Louisville. The Hon. Billy lireck
inridge, who is one or them, is in
favor of fusion with the Republicans
in the campaign for Appellate
The Tariif Bill conferees are not
having smooth sailing. Both houses
are disposed to stand out for their
rates on all important matters. It
is now predicted by some that the
bill will be in conference for two
'I'll E coal miners strike grows no
better very rapidly, and a coal
famine is threatened in several of
the largo cities. At Pittsburgh,
since the strike began, tin? price of
coal has increased 0 per cent, and
the marketable supply can last but
a week longer.
Eleven thousand Spanish troops
have been sent back to their homes
from Cuba. They were unable to
endure the hardships and climate of
the island. What the insurgents do
not kill are stricken by fever, and
the outlook is anything but pleasant
for the Spaniards.
Col. Coi.r.Mins Mahchu ank.s
has been appointed by Gov. Taylor
as Assistant Commissioner of Agri
culture for Tennessee. The Colonel
has fought Democracy's battles for
years, and this is the first time he
has ever been honored with an of
fice of any character.
Makk Hanna is the avowed
champion of trusts and combines.
He says that he killed the anti
trust amendments to the tariff bill
and he is proud of it. He is a friend
of the "business interests," and is
willing to fight for the combinations,
against which there lias arisen so
'much popular opposition.
Ur to last Sunday, report from all
sections of the country received by
the Associated Press showed pros
trations from heat numbering in the
neighborhood of 2,(KiO. with :'hi1 fa
talities. In addition to this, there
were scores of deaths resulting in
directly from the intolerable heat,
the death rate in many of the large
cities showing a fearful increase
over previous years.
The National League oi iiepumi
can Clubs is in session this week at
Detroit, Mich. "The only draw
back to the fathering," says a pres
dispatch, "will be the absence of!
Senator Hanna. .wan; seems m o
tbe bone and sinew of the Republi
can party. It is probably on bis ac
count that the Leagire now has a
surplus in the treasury, apiiust
$14,000 indebtedness two years ago.
Passes the Spirit of
Death Strikes a Master Mind, and a
Nation Mourns the Loss
of a Hero.
Horn in Franklin County.
1807 I .lirnaiv 10, 1K1K; Died
liigton, I. C' July K,
1 lie ltmiuii.s Interred
Washington, July H. Is ham G.
Harris, United States Senator from
Tennessee, expired here at 5:40
o clock this afternoon.
After a restless night the morning
was ushered in with signs of im
provement in the sufferer's con
dition, and the tokens of final dis
solution did not take Dlace until
noon, when the patient again re
lapsed into unconsciousness, which
lasted with fitful intermissions until
his death, which was evidently
After the morning all efforts to
give him nourishment failed, his
last words, in refusal of stimulants,
being, "No, I'm tired." His pulse
began to rapidly fail as the last
nourishment to his body lost its
effects, and grew gradually less until
At 2 o'clock his breathing became
more labored, and then for the first
time those who nursed him realized
that death was nigh. At 4:30
o'clock Dr. Brown paid his last pro
fessional visit to the Senator, and
then.it was that the death rattle set
The doctor left the house saying
the patient could not live two hours,
but before his return his prediction
Although the stream of anxious
friends from the Capitol to the Sen
ator's residence had been steady
throughout the day, the only per
sons present in the death chamber
were Edward Harris and wife, the
Senator's son and daughter-in-law;
Mrs. Jones, his housekeeper; the
professional nurse and Ilepresenta
tive Benton McMillin.
These say the end was apparently
painless, and that the old warrior
died as bravely as lie had lived, his
last act being an elfort to cross his
legs and fold his arms, as though to
express his courage in the very fade
of death, which lie had known for
several days was nigh.
the n xi:iii. sr.iiVKEs.
formal Ceremony Over the Itriiiains In
Washington, July 10. It falls to
the lot of a few men to be honored
both in life ami death as was Senator
Harris; and nothing could remind
one more of this fact than the scene
this morning in the, United States
Senate chamber. It was in this
chamber that he earned the honors
of his life, and here, too, the most
signal honors were paid to the
statesman in death. His funeral
was a great local and national event.
The Semite chamber was adorned
just as it would have been had the
occasion been to do honor to the
proudest hero of the nation. Along
the walls were rows of palm trees,
and in every recess was some grow
The body having been brought
from the late residence of the Sen
ator, remained in the marble room
until 11 a. m.. a great many of those
who visited the room bringing with
them beautiful floral offerings.
Promptly at 11 o'clock the captain
of the Capitol police and a dozen of
the police staff bore the colllu from
the marble room into the Senate
chamber around by the west cor
ridor and through the south door.
In the semi-circular area, im
mediately in front of the presiding
officer, stood the casket, resting on
heavy black draped pedestals and
literally buried in floral offerings.
The casket was covered with black
broadcloth with heavy oxidized
silver trimmings and on the plate
Died .1 ill v 7, 1SH7,
IS 11 AM (i.'HAKKIS,
Aged 7'.' years.
At twelve o'clock the Rev. Hugh
Johnston, acting chaplain of the
Senate, delivered the invocation,
which referred to the long anil val
uable services of Senator Harris, his
sturdiness of purpose and unfailing
The Vice-President announced the
occasion of the gathering, and that
the reading of the journal would be
dispensed with. The quests then
came in the following order:
Members of the House of Repre
sentatives, who took positions on
the left of the chamber. There
were probably about 100 of the mem
bers of the House. Next came the
Next were announced the Presi
dent and Cabinet. The President
came in with Mr. Sherman, the
former assuming a place on the
right of the middle aisle nearest to
the Vice-President. The Secretary
of State sat next to him. and then,
in order, Secretarb's Alger. Gaue.
McKenna and Wilson. With the
delegition was Mr. Porter, private
Secretary to the President.
After the President came the pall-
I hearer. First of the Semite. Messrs.
15 ite, Brtrrv. Turpie. Allen, Partus,
Chilton, Walthall, Deboe and Wet
more: of the House, Messrs. McMil
lin. Hepburn, Richardson, Benton,
Carmack, Norton. Pierce, Stokes,
Gains and McLellan.
TlieJ'resident and members of his
Cabinet occupied the front chairs on
the riujitof the aisle. Those on the
left were occupied by members of
the dead Senator's immediate fami
ly, with a few friends. ,
The services were simple but im
pressive. They were conducted by
Kev. Hugh Johnston, I). I)., pastor
of Metropolitan M. E. Church; Rev.
Dr. Murphy, of Mt. VernoiK M. E.
Church, South, and Rev. Henry N.
(louden, chaplain of the House.
Rev. Dr. Johnston, in the opening
prayer, referred to the long and
valuable services of "this great
statesman, who was now a memory;
to his rare qualities of leadership in
the counsels of the nation."
The other incidents in the relig
ious ceremonial were a prayer, the
recitation of St. Paul's sermon on the
immortality of the soul, the Lord's
prayer and the benediction, which
was pronounced by the chaplain of
the House. When the benediction
had been pronounced the Vice Pres
ident announced that the body would
be in the keeping of the officers of
the Senate until taken from the city
Then Senator Bate made the for
mal motion to adjourn.
The last act of the day was tne
transfer of the precious casket from
the capitol to the depot. A few
friends were at the capitol and at
the depot there were gathered many
others to pay the last silent tribute
of their presence to the dead.
REMAINS LA1I) TO It EST
In MempliU, After Lying In State at
The special train bearing the re
mains of Senator Harris arrived in
Nashville Mondav morning at 6
o'clock, and were carried from the
depot to the Capitol, where they lay
in state until 7 o'clock in the eve-
nine-, when thev were carried back
to the funeral train at the depot.
Durinsr the day there was a con
stant stream of visitors to view the
remains. Many of the most prom
inent business men and politicians
of the State went to the Capitol to
look for the last time upon all that
was mortal of Tennessee's great and
At 11:10 o'.kck the train pulled
out from the union depot while the
band played "Nearer, My God, to
The train arrived in Memphis at
7::S0 o'clock, Wednesday morning,
and the remains were carried to the
Methodist church, where they lay in
state throughout the day. Tne fun
eral services began at 4 o'clock in
the afternoon, and were conducted
with an impressiveness and magni
ficence seldom witnessed and ac
corded only on occasions when death
calls away the greatest and most
honored of this country s citizens.
All that was left of the "Grand Old
Man" was laid to rest in Elniwood
Cemetery, under Tennessee's soil,
beneath Southern skies, and in a
section he loved so well and served
with so constant fidelity.
sKI'.iril oi- senator h akims.
The Itemai Ualile anil Ilnmantie Cam
the Deail Statesman.
Senator Harris was born in Frank
lin county, on the waters of Blue
Creek, near Rock Creek, about
twelve miles from Winchester, on
the 10th day of February, ISIS. He
is therefore' of and to the manner
born. He was born to an existence
which called for determination and
courage as well as ability tosucceed.
Life was what he would choose to
make it. His youth saw the star of
"a great Tennessean at its zenith.
Another poor boy had struggled out
of poverty into greatness and the
success of Andrew Jackson was a
nerve tonic to young Harris.
His schooling was meager. At the
age of 11 years he left his home and
settled in" Paris, in the county of
Henry. He went into the mercantile
business as clerk in a dry goods store
at a salary of .flOO per year and his
board. At the end of the first year
his salary was advanced to $:&0
and board. The second year having
ended, he devoted the third to attend
ing school, after which he resumed
his duties as clerk at a salary of $500
per year and board. He afterward
.went into business for himself in
Mississippi, and later, again in
Paris, always successful in spite of
most discouraging obstacles.
All the while he was studying
law and when about twenty-one
years of ago was admitted to the bar
and granted a license to practice
law. Ho was at once successful.
Intensely earnest, he never gave up
a contest till every legitimate and
honorable expedient had been tried.
The characteristics which so mark
edly distinguished him were even at
that day clearly developed.
His ambitions were wholly pro
fessional. He never voluntarily
turned to politics, though always
most pronounced in his political
convictions. He was h "Strict Con
structionist," and was so recognized
bv his partv.
'He was elected to the State Senate
in 1S47 from the district composed
of the counties of Henry, Weakley
and Obion. He was elected over
two Democratic and one Whig op
ponents by a majority of 3-'o.
In 1SH he was a Democratic elec
tor for the Ninth Congressional Dis
trict and advocated the election of
Lewis ('ass to the presidency. His
was the only district in the State
which showed Democratic gain. In
Is P.) lie was elected to Congress by a
largely increased Democratic vote
and again in IS "! . He was renomi
nated in 1S-VI, but declined in order
to enter upon the practice of law In
Memphis. He was an elector for
the State at large in lSofl, advoci
ting the election of Buchanan and
Breckinridge. He canvassed the
State with ex-Gov. Neill S. Brown,
and for the first time in more than
a quarter of a century the State
went Democratic in a presidential
election. It was carried by about
In liS57 he was, without contest,
nominated for Governor, and was
elected by a majority of 10,000 votes.
He was renominated in lsV.) and re
elected by a majority of 11,000 votes
and in 1S01, without a nomination
and without being a candidate, or so
much as going out of his office, lie
was elected a third time Governor
by a majority of (50,000 votes. His
political views w-pre well known.
His courage, integrity and wisdom
were established. In those troub
lous times such a man was needed.
When the days of 18G4 confronted
him, Gov. Harris, in January of
that year, convened the Legisla
ture in extraordinary session. His
message reflected his views upon
t he "issues involved," which are well
known to-day to men familiar with
politics. The Legislature voted for
no secession convention. In April
he again convened the Legislature
in extra session and recommended
the appointment of delegates to a
peace conference which was to meet
Boon thereafter in Washington. The
Legislature acquiesced and dele
gates were sent, but returned, de
spairing of any compromise. The
Governor then recommended that
an ordinance of separation or seces
sion be submitted to the people
This was done and the people rati
fled it by a majority of (50,000 votes.
The Governor went at once into
the fight with all earnestness and
energy. He began the organization
of the army and the manufacture of
arms and the munitions of war
He was tendered by ninety of the
100 members of the Legislature a
Senatorship in the Confederate Con
gress, but declined, saying he would
greatly prefer the Senatorship or a
position in the army to the Govern
orsbip, but having been re-elected
by so large a majority, and when
iio a candidate, he did not feel at
liberty to gratify his personal wishes
in the matter.
. Having raised and equipped an
army he followed it into the field
and in the capacity of volunteer aid
to. the commanding General, was
;With his Tennesseans in every battle
their armv fought during the war,
except; Bellinont and Perry ville. Ivy
ie was by the side of Albert hidnev
olinrtnwPfen that distinguished
General received his mortal wound
at Shiloh, assited him to dismount
and stood by him until his death.
He then reported to Gen. Reaure
gard and served with him while he
commanded the army. He was
afterward with Gen. Bragg. Gen
Joseph E. Johnston and (Jen. Hood
When Gen. Lee and Johnston
surrendered he resolved to cross the
Mississippi and join E. Kirby Smith
in Texas. Before arriving there,
and after encountering the most ter
rible obstacles, ne found that Gen
Smith, too, had surrendered. Re
solved not to submit to the domina
tion of the conqueror, he decided to
go to Mexico. On the overland
route, having traveled by nnilebaek,
he encountered Gen. Sterling Price,
of Missouri, and a score or so cf ex
Confederate soldiers. Joining forces,
the party proceeded to Mexico,
where other refugees were met. A
colony was decided upon, and Har
ris was put at the head of it. He
and others called upon Emperor
Maximilian and stated to His Ma
jesty that they belonged to the de
feated party in the war between the
States and were seeking new homes,
where they could sit down and make
a living for themselves. They pro
posed to be strictly neutral in Mex
ican a Hairs. The Emperor was
pleased to grant their request, al
lowed them to select their own loca
tion and gave them every encourage
ment and all protection.
Their colony was called Carlotta
in honor of the Empress, and flour
ished wonderfully until the execu
tion of Maximilian and the with
drawal of the French troops. Then
anarchy took the place of govern
ment and there was no law or au
thority anywhere. Harris sold out
and sailed' for England, still deter
mined never to submit to the rule of
his conquerors. He established a
cotton commission house in Liver
pool and had every reason to hope
When, however, he came to write
for his wife and children, who had
been with him in Mexico, to cross
the waters and further isolate them
selves from friends and kindred at
home, he determined to return to
Tennessee. This he did, going di
rectly to Tennessee, where he gave
himself up to Gov. Brownlow and
demaded a trial upon the charge of
which he stood accused. No trial
was ever had, however, as the Fed
eral and State authorities refused to
take any steps against him.
Gov. Harris then, in 1S(57, resettled
in Memphis, beginning again the
practice of law. In ISTfi he was
elected a Senator of the United
States to succeed Henry Cooper, and
was retained in that high place un
til his death.
A very fine farm of about 500
acres, well improved ; over 200 acres
in cultivation; situated 3 miles
south of West Point, Lawrence Co.,
Tenn., in the forks of Fatory and
Shoal creeks. For terms, etc., write
Jamks Pai i.k,
Midlothian, Ellis Co.,
There are 20.be) postotllces in the
United Kingdom and XS.ihm letter
bixes. Savings bank business is
transasted at 1 1.00 ollices.
Davidson County (Jrand Jiut
Finds Nine True Hills
Against as .Hany I'l'omiueut Ice Main
lacturers anil Oeulers of Nusa
ville, Who Will Have to Annver to the Charge
of Consul r'y and Entei ini; into a
Combination to Control the
I'rlrn of leu.
(Sunriiiy'tj Nashville Sun.
The Sun scores another victory for
the common people.
iesterday the grand jury returned
indictments against the membe's of
the Ice combine, and now thoswho
have derided the warfare against
trusts are wondering if after all they
haven t made a mistake in suppos
ing that rich combines could do any
thing with impunity.
Shortly after the question was
first stirred up by The Sun, Judge
Anderson called the grand jury be
fore him and in a magnificent charge
that stamped him as an able defend
er of the rights of the people, in
structed the jury regarding the mat
ter and urged that the report of a
combine be sifted thoroughly.
Several days were consumed in
this investigation of the alleged
trust and yesterday morning a re
port was made and true bills re
turned against the following deal
ers: W. II. Howe, J. H. Howe, R.
W. Dugan. B. F. Parker, E. Schoen
pttug, W. W. Wingle, J. M. Overton,
It. L. Overton, W. W. Bush.
The indictment contained two
counts, and read as follows: For
entering into an arrangement, con
tract, agreement, trust and combi
nation to control the cost and sale of
ice to its consumers, and conspiracy.
The list includes nearly every
prominent dealer in the city. When
the report was made capias were is
sued for the arrest of the indicted
ice dealers, and upon their being
brought into court they were re
leased upon each executing an ap
pearance bond for 2,"00.
The news of the indictment flash
ed with lightning rapidity through
the city and it caused intense con
sternation among the unlawful deal
ers and their friends. Those wh
had treated the whole affair with
scorn and contempt became sudden
ly awakened to the fact that the
strong arm of law hail in reality
been invoked to aid the suffering
The good work of Attorney-Gen
eral Vaughn should not be over
looked in this first battle against
the ice combine. Several of the
men indicted were his warm, per
sonal friends, but friendship did not
stand in t lie wav of duty. He knew
full well what was required of liini
as the prosecuting attorney and he
aided the grand jury in every way
in th i investigation.
the market for any
I will be in
amount : large
crops or small crops.
The senate chaplain has thanked
the Lord for the tan IT. Well, there
ire some people who would thank
the Lord for the cholera. Memphis
Some of the papers of the State
are beginning, even tins eariy to
say that the next Governor should
come from this or that grand division
of the State. We don't care a cop
per from what town, city or hamlet
he comes, so that he is a sound,
sensible, active democrat, free, out
spoken and honest on all questions
agitating the public mind. Mc
Minnville New Era.
We infer that Coxey will be
master of the cake walk in Debs'
I'topia.-'-Memphis Commercial Ap
peal. The Banner dubs the dead Senator
but a "politician," and says that a
proper characterization of him
would sound "harsh" at the present
time. Thus does the living jackass
dare to kick the dead lion. Nash
Prosperity! Yes, indeed, the
trusts of the country are going to
enjoy unexampled prosperity under
the 'republican tariff bill, but the
people oh, what have they got to
do with it? They didn't employ a
lobby at Washington, and will have
to content themselves with adding
to the prosperity of the trusts.
The Chicago man who committed
suicide on account of the heat may
have found out his mistake by this
time. Nashville Sun.
KEAL ESTATE TKANNEKKS.
J. 1'. Wiley, Clerk, to Richard Wilkes,
lots in Culleoka, $1.T.
It. A. Wilkes to C. S. Willinnisott,
half interest in lots in Culleoka, $7ii7.
C M. I'.tlssell to J no. F. Stephenson,
H i acres in lath district $10,."i0.
Maury County 1. V. L. Association
to Mrs. K. J. Frierson, house and lot in
.ino. F. Stephenson to W. T. Fricrson,
Ml acres in bah (list., $7,"no.
C. W. Hrvaat et h1., to (i. YV. Hayes,
j lot in !lb district, $mo.
Celebrated for it great
leavcnitiL' strength and
heulilifiilness. Assures tin'
food against nhiiii and all
forms of adulteration com
mon to the cheap brands.
KOVAI. It KIN; I'OWOKlt
COM XV, New Vmk.
Till: ONLY ItLMKPY,
Our CoiiKlit ut ion
Mil-! lie ( hi, ni; eil it
Here are sonn
ing the constitutional
which it would be profitable for
taxpayers of leiinessee to study:
1 he question whether we shall
have a constitutional convention is
not a party question. But if it were,.
we would point to tli lact that it
was submitted by a democratic
legislature and signed by a demo
But it is not a party question. It
is a question addressed to every
citizen of Tennessee.
Do you want low taxes?
Do you want to reduce the e x
penses of your state?
Do you want to pay salaries to
double the number of judges needed
Do you want to reduce the crim
inal costsof the state?
Do you want to extend t he
jurisdiction of justices of the peace
so as to enable them to dispose of
hundreds of criminal cases without
the expense of a grand jury and
Do you ever want to get rid of the
indebtedness of jfil.O )il.(i,i i bonded
debt of the state?
If so, you will haw to reduce ex
penses. Our state has just had to
borrow if :i.V i,onj to pay interest on
our state debt and certain expenses,
while the taxes of the pt-ople are
higher than any state i. i the South.
Still we must borrow money to pay
our running expenses. It is time
the people were taking the matter
in hand. Legislatures e t:i all' ml no
relief. If they try to, the supreme
court declares the act uncon
stitutional. L-'t's .have a sensible
constitution, and one i.i keeping
with the times Clarksvill"! Leaf
"Theytirfdandie" slid Thos. p,, overs,
of t he ( Yoekot , Texiis, Kn lerpris" , w hi I
writing about. Ik-Witt's I, nib- Kafly
Risers, the famous little pills for sick
heudiiehe and il is-irders ff ill" toiiiiii'h
and liver. A. I. Kiuiis. Iv
He Maeil ro' '!.- Saiitii.
1' (illoWlllg Is Oil! o 1 II
stories now being pu'dis
liessee's late Sen it:
1 mi i, o rous
iim of Tcn
Ish.tlll ( J.
is an I ad
Wash i mi-
on you by
"He was the war
Tennessee, and his li!e
strife was one ,,f iin-iih n
venture. Wlo-u Linen
troops he wired i 1 ;t -1 1 :
"' Wak li:r.VKi.ii;.T,
ton, April 1.1, isr.il. To'
leticy, Ishaui G. Harri
ot Tellliessei ("all made
to-night's mail for t vo r
militia for immediate
"S Mo.N (
i t vice.
M i I; u.
Secretary of War .'
"It was evident that Lincoln did
not know what a hot-blooded
Southerner Harris was. but he knew
it when he received Harris' reply,
"'Tennessee will not furnish a
single man for the purpose of
coercion, but oii.tiiin if necessary for
the defense of our rights and those
of our Southern brethren.
' IslIA.M (i. llAKKIS,
" 'Governor of TVnnessei;.'
"Following upon the hei Is of this
Harris issued the following procla
mation to the people o Tennessee ;
"'Whereas, it dangerous and
alarming usurpation of power by the
President of the I'liite,; S..it"s has
precipitated a state of war between
the sovereign States of America,'
etc., and called an extra session of
the Legislature, which., under his
dictation, seceded fr mi the I'nion."
Anil rwt for tircil iimi'm is In a warm hath
withCtTNTiu s .r,s.:.t.iii!;'.eajiilicatioi
of CfTlct ie.:il::.cu'.;, ill .' f.n'.it skin cure.
CtTKTitA l:i m::mi:s aiTer l Instant relief,
and point to a i- wly euro T t'lrtnrinp. rtts
Ing, cnisteil, (! aly t-kin ami F -alp humors,
with loss of hair, hen alU Uo fails. -.
Hild thmurhnut world. Tut It Ukl'Q ASDCHtH.
C"ii-.. S"l rr- t
rn.p,.. H.Ti,n .
MuW lotureSHin-TortnrfJ BlWt," frM, I