Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, JULY 30. 1897.
.i 1 '
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
In the County $1.00.
Oat of the County 1.25.
Entered at the post-ofllce at Columbia, Ten
nesseo as second-duns mall matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
ItKTI'KMMi I'HOSI'Kltl TV.
In our issue of July lfi, the Hkk
ALD contained the following:
"Money is easy in Maury County.
The people are nearer out of debt
than they have been for years, and
the hanks have more money on de
posit than they know what to do
Tliis "unfortunate admission" from
a bimettalist, as some are choosed
to term it, seems to have brought
some comfort to tli e anxious heart
of our good friend the Hon. J. A.
Cunningham of Kimmins, who takes
it for his text in a letter to the Nash
"What a wonderful statement,"
he pays; "not a theory of Brother
Lander's, but simply a statement of
fact. The logic of facts is
doing the work. The evidence of
this is that money is now easy and
plentiful, and such men as F. D.
Lander have the manhood to pub
lish it to the world."
We are sorry to turn away a com
pliment so nicely put, and hope that
Mr. Cunningham will not think less
of our "candor" or "manhood,"
when we tell him that the "theory"
he spins for our "facts" is altogeth
er a mistaken one.
The facts are as stated ; money is
easy in Maury County ; the people
are nearer out of debt than they
have been for years, and the banks
have more money on deposit than
they know what to do with. But
that the gold standard, or the Ding
ley bill, or McKinleyisin in general
has had aught to do with this ex
cept to hinder it on its way, we
deny, and can give better reasons
for this theory, we think, than Mr.
Uunningham does for his.
Take the first statement and the
third, and consider them together:
"Money is easy in Maury County,
and the banks have more on deposit
than they know what to do with."
Mr. Cunningham's theory i that
the "single gold standard basis"
has brought forth this beniflcent re
result, if beniflcent it Is. We deny
that the conditions have improved
in the least. Lets see. By refer
ence to our files and taking the
bank statements of last year, we
find that the banks of Columbia had
on deposit then, in round numbers,
$:$70,000; this year, from the state
ments so far made they have on de
posit $415,000. A difference in favor
of this year of about $45,000. They
had loaned out last year $244,000;
they have loaned out this year $387,
000. They had "more than they
knew wh'it to do with" last year,
(tint is, excess of deposit over loans,
to say nothing of capital stock)
$12fi,0(K); to this add capital stock,
and we find that hint year the banks
of Columbia had in their . vaults,
$210,000 nearly a quarter of a mil
lion of idle dollars.
This year their loans so far report
ed are if.X7.000; oil deposit, $415,000;
excess of deposit over loans, ("morn
than they know what to with)" $2S,
000; add to thia, capital stock, $120,
000, and they have now, "more than
they know what to do with," $14S,
000, while last year they had $240,
000, a ditferauce of nearly one hun
dred thousand dollars in favor of
last yeax over this.
That is the prosperity Mr. Mc
Kinley with his protection idea, and
his aids, the gold standard Demo
crats?) God save the mark have
brought in the "ten short months of
his administration," to which the
gentleman from Kimmins points
with so much pride.
But without these figures, Mr.
Cunningham will remember, as all
of us remember, that all last sum
mer the New York banks were act
ually overrun with money. It was
a fact argued and admitted by both
sides, and the McKinleyites con
tended that to elect Ijim would re
store confidence and withdraw this
surplus from the bank vaults and
send it into the channels of trade.
To some extent it has restored confi
dence among the hankers; they are
less panicky than they were a year
ago and are loaning more liberally ;
but they still have more than they
know what to do with, business is
still stagnated, new enterprises are
as scarce and business failures as
frequent the first six months of 1K07
as for the corresponding months
Columbia is perhaps as prosper
ous a town as there is in the South ;
and yet not a new house of any con
sequence has been built this year,
not a new enterprise has been
started, and idle mechanics and
would-be laborers stand on the
streets begging for work.
As to our other statement, "the
people are nearer out of debt than
they have been for years," the
causes for that are local. They
have been approaching that con
dition for the last five years, and,
paradoxical as it may seem, the
hard times have brought them to it.
The bank failures, while it broke
some, helped others out. Men who
were thought to be solvent, got
shaky; everybody got scared, and it
was an easy thing to settle with
your creditor upon most any terms
proposed. The hank trustees and
receivers, rather than enter into
innumerable lawsuits and endless
litigation, compromised hundreds of
debts, and enabled many men to
square their accounts who could not
otherwise have done so. Mercantile
houses toppled and fell, and Eastern
creditors and home creditors as well,
fearful of the times, accepted in full
payment 25 and 50 cents on the dol
lar in settlement of their claims.
And while these were getting out,
few had the temerity to even try to
get in; by these means and through
the slow process of strict economy,
the individual debts of the county
have been greatly reduced.
But even this does not apply to
the country at large. Maury is a
favored spot; not in sentiment,
fancy or theory, but in fact. And,
too, this year lias been an excep
tionally fortunate one for the farm
ers, and we are, mostly, farmers.
The wheat acreage was unusually
large, and the average yield per
acre greater than ever known be
fore. Neither Mr. McKinley nor
his gold standard allies had any
thing to do with that. The price
per bushel opened the same this
year as last, and it remains to be
seen whether it will reach the dol
lar mark this fall as it did last.
Banks may have plenty of money,
while the masses are starving; com
paratively few people keep bank
accounts; and one complaint we
bimetallists make against the single
gold standard is, that it amasses in
the banks and the hands of the few,
all the money of the country.
People may be out of debt and yet
not prosperous. Indeed, in prosper
ous communities the prosperous, as
a rule, are those who are more or
less in debt. When business is stag
nant and times are dull; when the
markets are uncertain, and prices
continue to fall and the people are
too disheartened to venture to go in
debt, then money may be easy to
borrow, but without takers; banks
may have more than they know
what to do with, and thepeople may
stand around idle, listless and out
of debt, but that is not what we call
prosperity, Brother Cunningham.
The Hekald makes its politest
bow to our esteemed contemporaries
the Knoxville Sentinel and the
Maury Democrat. The first named
paper adopts one of our editorials as
its own, and gives it to the world
without comment or credit. Then
our good friend, the Maury Demo
crat, takes it from anu credits it to,
the Knoxville Sentinel. Showing
in each instance the confidence they
have in our opinions, and their ad
miration for our f tyle of expression
Such delicate attentions are highly
appreciated. The editorial in ques
tion, as it appears in yesterday s
Democrat, reads as follows:
" lien a new constitution is pre
sented, if it is narrow or partisan;
if it gives to one class of people
more freedom or rights than anoth
er; it it is not for all the people and
their interests, then we can and
should and will reject it. But now
let's confine ourselves to the single
question of whether or not we need
a convention, of this opportunity to
Mb. Oormax of Maryland, is the
first to begin the straddling act for
l'JOo. Through his manipulations
the Maryland convention has de
clared that they "believe in honest
money, the gold and silver money
of the constitution, the coinage of
both metals without discrimination
against either, into standard dollars
of final payment and redemption.'
The trouble with that is not in the
declaration, but in what it does not
declare. While it breathes of bi
metallisin, it ignores the question
of ratio, and that is just where the
enemies of silver would like to place
the silver men. Why, nearly all the
goldites call themselves bimetal
lists, with a number of ifs interjec
ted. Oh, no, Mr. Gorman. AVe will
try you stradulers another fall on
the If! to I proposition. Six and
a-half million people have declared
for that, and they are not ready yet
to foreswear their convictions or de
sert the gallant boy orator who led
Doks the editor of the Nashville
Sun speak from bitter experience
when he says: "No man ever led
the life of a gambler and was happy.
He must needs subsist on a diet of
chicken one day and feathers the
next. It is the life of an outcast
the death of a suicide."
it is a real pity that a clean man
and straight Democrat like JSenator
Turley, should be anlicted with
even the quasi support of the Nash
Unless a voter shows his poll tax
receipt for 180(5, he cannot cast a
legal ballot in the election next
.With this issue the Herald
closes its campaign for a Constitu
tional Convention. It has from
time to time pressed this question
upon the attention of the people.
It has advocated the convention at
all times with conservatism, and
has insisted upon the necessity of
constitutional revision with respect
ful deference to differing opinions.
It has sought by all honorable
means to arouse the people to the
importance of the question, for the
Hkbalij recognizes that this is the
people's government, and they
alone should say whether we should
change our fundamental law. It
has labored earnestly to excite an
interest among the people, for it
was unwilling to see the proposition
carry without a general approval of
the voters of the State.
One thing has been very patent
within the last ten days; that is, the
couventi' n is growing in favor every
iy. In fact it has come to ba so
generally admitted that we need
some fundamental changes, that the
opponents of the convention have
ceased to argue the merits of the
question and are seeking by false
statements to prejudice the people
against the movement. It has been
sought to poison their minds against
it by stating that the new constitu
tion will not be submitted to the
people after it is framed by the con
vention. But those who are mak
ing the argument must be conscious
that they are stating a falsehood.
In the first place, the law under
which the convention is called pro
vides that it shall be submitted to
the people for their adoption or re
jection. But independent of this it is the
unanimous opinion and desire of the
people of the State that the new
constitution hall be submitted to
the people, and in the face of this
unanimous demand it can safely be
counted upon that there is no man
in Maury County, nor in any other
county, with character enough, even
to offer as a candidate for delegate
that would dare undertake to estab
lish the new constitution without
submitting it to the people.
It is indeed fortunate that there
are so many sareguaras tnrown
around our organic law. This ques
tion of changing our constitution
has to be passed upon three succes
sive times by the people before
there is a finality of it; first, they
must vote for the convention; then
they will have to select their dele
gates, and after these delegates
have framed a constitution it must
be submitted to the people for their
adoption or rejection; and if the
delegates should violate their in
structions or adopt something un
satisfactory to the people, they can
reject their work.
But the merits of a question can
sometimes be determined by the
character of those who favor and op
pose it. In this particular an exami
nation of the elements which are for
and against the convention is alto
gether in favor of the movement.
The Democratic party is for it. The
Democratic party in each county
demanded the submission of the
question in their various platforms,
and two Democratic Legislatures in
succession have passed favorably
upon the question. The Republican
party are making an organized ef
fort to defeat the proposition. They
are assisted in this fight by the cor
porate interests of the Stae, and
the office-holders as a class almost
without exception, are opposing
th convention. This is not un-
natural, because a convention means
a reorganization of government and
a consequent displacement of many
of the present gang. But it is indeed
discouraging to see how a little self
interest will predominate over every
other consideration. It is the same
war waged on a smaller scale which
was made during the last political
campaign by the people against the
entrenched privileges of the classes.
The corporate interests of the State,
the monopolies, those who have fed
long and well upon the public grane
ries, thoe professional politicians
who hope to live upon the abuses of
government, are arrayed side by side
with the Republican party against
the people in this fight which they
are making for better and more eco
It is now the duty of the Demo
crats, as it has always been their
course, to stand by the peoples'
cause against that combination of
evil forces which are now threaten
ing the success of that political re
formation which is so much desired.
The success of this movement de
pends alone upon the Democratic
party ; and to our mind it is just as
true that the future success of the
Democratic party depends upon
this movement; for years" the ranks
of the party in this State have been
diminishing, all for the reason that
it has failed to relieve the people of
the burdens of inisgovernment and
to stand forth as the party cf
reform in every department of the
public service. Now is our opportu
nity to bring the party back to its
pristine glory and power by identi
fying it with this movement for a
new constitution. Let the Demo
crats take up this cause and give the
people to understand that the party
proposes to carry it through and
institute a thorough reformation in
every department of the govern
ment, and let them do this work
vigorously and well, and it will so
entrench the party in th hearts and
confidence of the people th its
sway hereafter will be undisputed.
The Maury Democrat of yester
"On next Thursday the people of
this county as well as others through
out the state will be called upon to
decide whether or not they want a
Constitutional Convention. This
subject has been very thoroughly
discussed by speakers both from
platform and through the press. It
therefore rests with the sovereign
people as to whether or not they
want one called."
The above is about as "thoroughly"
as the Democrat as ever "discussed"
the question, and no mortal man can
tea whether that sheet is for or
against the calling of the conven
tion. If the "speakers" and the
"press" had done their duty to the
public no better than this contempo
rary, the "sovereign people" would
have little information on the sub
ject. Farmer! Farmer! Farmer!
McLemore has always paid the
highest markt price for corn and
wheat, and will continue to do so, at
the McLemore Corn Mill or at any
tf City Grain & Feed Co.
Took the Cake!
Because it was baked from "Bli e
Humboldt has a curfew ordinance.
Fayetteville had a $40,000 fire last
R. Crosse Jones, the book-keeper
for Diehl & Lord's roof garden at
the Centennial, has absconded; he
sold cheap, taking only $300 with
There appears on the trustee's books
of Bradly county an assessment
of 12 cents tax against Win. Harris.
After the back tax collectors finish
ed the job it was found that the cost
amounted to $0.51.
An unknown man suicided at
Hopinsille, Ky., last Friday, by
George Anderjon and his son,
Wesley Anderson, were arrested at
Tuscaloosa, Ala., last week, on the
charge of .murdering the former's
wife by chopping her head from her
Wheat! Wheat!! Wheat!!!
We are not storing wheat to mill
or on speculation, therefore are not
interested in seeing prices hammer
ed down ai harvest time. We want
a high and an advancing market, as
it is easier for us to handle grain on
this kind of a market. We will
handle your wheat on a small com
mission. Call to see or telephone
us if you want the highest prices,
tf City Grain & Feed Co.
the tariff hill
How It italic I'i-U'p on thn Nwpmiaiie
of 1.1 IV.
President McKinley called con
gress in extraordinary session for
the alleged purpose of curing that
grave evil, the edeficit. This could
have been done in a day if it had
been the real purpose of the extra
session. Revenue duties on four
articles would have been ample to
meet the emergency. Instead of
pursuing this simple course congress
has been in session four months,
and during that time it has been
contriving steals and deals and
dickers for nearly nil the harpies in
the country. The Dingley bill is
now the law of the land, and it may
be interesting to that forgotten and
despised and plucked citizen, the
consumer, to kn:w how he stands
under it. Here is an estimate of the
increased cost of living under Ding
ley: Jellies, raised 5 cents.
Oranges and lemons, more than
Nuts, increased 1 cent a pound.
Meats, raised 5 per cent.
Chicory, made 1 cent a pound; it
Chocolate, raised a half cent.
Salt, 12 cents for 100 pounds; it
Plushes and velvets, changed
from 40 per cent, to !) cents a yard
and 25 per cent.
Ready-made clothing and cotton
generally, increased 10 per cent.
Hosiery raised 15 per cent.
Floor matting, from 3 to 8 cents;
Collars and cuffs, increased 15 per
Lace goods, raised 10 per cent.
Dress goods, advanced 20 per cent.
Carpets, increased from 18 to 00
cents a yard.
Silks, raised 15 per cent.
Beads, trimmings, hats, etc., in
creased from 15 to 50 per cent.
Boots and shoes and umbrellas,
advanced 5 per cent.
Spectacles and eyeglassrs, in
creased 10 per cent.
Cutlery and scissors, raised 20 per
Pens, changed from 8 to 12 cents a
Hair and hat pins, increased
Sugar, raised 1 cent a pound.
Preserved vegetables, raised
Eggs, increased 2 cents a dozen.
Cider advanced Scents a gallon.
Hay, onions and honey, doubled.
Green peas, 40 cents a bushel;
Flowers, 25 per cent.; were free.
Potatoes, raised 10 cents a bushel.
Vegetables, generally, increased
20 per cent.
Fresh water fish and mackerel
HGennon, Anderson 1 Faster.
We sell goods for cash only, but sell them very lozc.
Last Day of stock-taking,
and you're going to get the benefit of some things
that we've found.
MARCHING ORDERS J ,
have been given to everything summerish, and its
been a long time since you've had the opportunity
to swap a dollar for as near twice its value as we'll give you
now. Note some instances for
NEXT MONDAY, AUGUST 2nd.
ioc Lawns at c yard.
15c and iSc Organdies at o i-2c yard.
Ladies" $1.00 Shirt Waists at 6gc each.
Ladies" $1.50 Shirt Waists at gSc each.
Ladies'' $1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 Oxfords and Buskins
at 60c pair.
Men's $3.50 Cloth Top Oxblood Shoes at $2.50 pair.
Manhattan $1.30 Xegligcc Shirts at gSc each.
Men's All Wool $ in. 00 Sack Suits at $6.?j.
Ladies' Oxfords and Old Ladies' Buskins, about 40
pairs, nearly every size from i to 8, odds and ends of sev
eral kinds of $1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 Oxfords.
Marching orders next Monday, 60c pair, Ladies'
Laundered Shirt Waits, spic and span new, this season's
goods, Lawns, Percales, and
ing orders next Monday:
For the $1.00 Shirt Waits, 69c each.
For the $1.50 Shirt Waists, pSc each..
Thin Wash Goods. Marching orders next Monday:
For all the pretty ioc Lawns and Organdies, jc yard.
For all the 15c and 18c Lawns, Organdies and Lappet
Mulls, g 1-2C yard. These should go at double quick.
ANNEX SAYS, " Me Too !"
About 30 pairs of Men's Oxblood, Cloth Top Russia Calf
Shoes, new coin toe, best $3 50 shoe we've seen this sea
son, sizes 5 to 8 only. Marching orders next Monday
Regular $1.50 quality, Manhattan Negligee Shirts, collars
and cuffs attached, in sizes 14I, 15, 15! and i6 only. March
ing ordets next Monday, gSc each.
Men's All Wool Sack Suits, broken lots, of $9.00,
$10.00 and $12.50 suits. Marching orders for next Mon
day $6.75 suits. Ton can come for these Saturday, too.
If you see it in our ad. it's so. ,,
FilcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
and halibut, advanced a quarter of a
cent a pound.
It will be observed that the new
tarilf raises prices on food, clothing
and all the ordinary necessaries of
life. Whether this bill will increase
the revenue or not is an unsolved
problem, but it is certain that it
gives millions of dollars to the sugar
trust and other charitable institu
tions. The consumer would have no
ground for complaint if, for instance,
the increase of 1 "ent a pound on
sugar went to the government; but
when he knows that thegovernment
of the United States has taken this
amount from him in order to give it
to a handful of millionaires, he can
hardly be blamed for entertaining
the idea that our Republican form
of government is but another name
for systemati.pd theft. By observ
ing tlie preceding table he can get a
fair idea of how prosperity is to be
Hattle Cry of the Anti's.
Memphis Commercial-Appeal :
"Rally all ye tax-eater. Send in
your contributions. Come forth, ye
petroleum paterollers. Sashay to
the front, ye cohorts of pie, and chip
into the pot. We must down the
people in order to save them. We
need money to save the coal oil
bonanzas and other soft snaps which
have been created in the interest
of the people. Anti-Convention
Don't Quarrel With tne Cook!
And kick down the stove, but
buy'TLi;E Skai," only and your
troubles will cease. tf
A Terrible Joker.
Ivan the Terrible forgot neither
his devotions nor his diversions. His
pastime bears were brought from
Novgorod. When from his window
he perceived a group of citizens col
lected he let slip two or three of
these ferocious animals, and his de
light on beholding the Hight of the
terrified creatures, and especially on
hearing the cries of the victims, was
unbounded. His bursts of langhter
were loud and long continued. To
console those who were maimed for
life, he would sometimes send each
of them a small piece of gold.
Another of his chief amusements
was in the company of jesters,
whose duty it was to divert him, es
pecially before and after any execu
tions, hut they often paid dearly for
an unseasonable joke. Among these
none was more distinguished than
Prince (Ivosdef, who beld a high
rank at court. The Czar, being one
day dissatisfied with a jest, poured
over the Prince's head the boiling
contents of a soup-basin. The
agonized wretch prepared to retreat
from the table, but the tyrant struck
Madras, sizes 32 to 38. March
him with a knife, and he fell sense
less to the lloor. Dr. Arnolph was
instantly called. "Save my good
servant!" cried the Czar; "I have
jested with him a little too hard."
' So hard,' replied the other, "that
only (bid and your majesty can re
store him to life, lie no longer
breathes." Ivan expressed his con
tempt, called the deceased favorite a
dog, and continued his amusements.
Another dav, while he sat at table,
Waywode of Staritz, lioris Titof, ap
peared, bowed to the ground, and
saluted him after the customary
manner. "God save thee, my dear
Waywode! Thou deserved a proof
of my favor." He seized a knife
and cut off an ear. Titof thanked
the Czar for his gracious favor, and
wished him a happy reign. Tear
Hlue Seal Flour!
Snowier and lighter than ever be
fore. It bakes beautifully and eats
better than it bakes. All grocers
keep it. It
Near an English summer resort
the following sign was recently ex
hibited: "Visitors are cautioned
against bathing within 100 yards of
this spot several persons having
been drowned here lately by order
of the authorities."
An inscription on a monument in
a Scotch cemetery reads as follows:
"Erected Ry His Spouse
to the memory of
Manufacturer of Fireworks.
'He has gone to the only place
Where his own works are excelled.'"
This was the singular announce
ment to bo seen recently outside a
certain suburban place of worship:
"This evening the Rev. Mr. X
will preach his farewell sermon, and
the choir will render a thanksgiv
ing specially composed for the
And this awful suggestion appears
on the bookledges of a suburban
church: "All kneelers should be
hung up at the end of the service!"
Kneeling mats are undoubtedly
meant, but the sentence sounds
The (ueen of England once be
stowed a gratuity on a blind beggar
at Windsor, and the next day the
man appeared on the streets with
this card on his breast: "Rlind
from iuilammation, assisted by Her
Majesty the (Jueen."
In Dover, Eng., the Ree Hive
"public house" was thus advertised :
"Within this hive
We're all alive;
iixvl li'iiors make us funny ;
If you are dry
step in and try
The lla vor f our honey.''