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THE COLUMBIA IIEKALD; FKIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1807.
Ocly a few days until the season is
over, and in order to close out our en
tire stock of
Our entire stock of JACKETS;
Our entire stock of BLANKETS;
Our entire stock of DRESS GOODS;
Our entire stock of MILLINERY,
We will sell all in these lines
REGARDLESS OF COST,
Not to quit business, for business is
entirely too good to think of quitting,
but simply must reduce these departments.
Big Line of Dolls Now on Sale.
The : Trade : Palace,
T. C. PBTBI, Proprietor.
FRANKLIN GILLETTE SMITH,
(CONTINUED FKOM SIXTH I'AOE.)
my appetite. I am glad the pleasant dream lingers, though melted out of it are
all the fatigue Bud discomfort.
"For fourteen years in Columbia, Tennessee, he carried on, with zeal and
nergy a most extensive course of learning, and the first of September, 1852, he
founded the Columbia Athena'iun. Ten years before that time, however, ho be
gan the publication of The Guardian, a family magazine that for many years had
wide circulation. He was Principal of the Athenamm fourteen years, from 1852
to his death, in 1800. The Legislature of Tennessee chartered the Athemeum
ith full college powers in 1858. Some time in 1800, Mr. Smith wrote "The Chil
dren of the Rectory," in which, besides in The Guardian, he gives his views of
education. His book, "The Children of the Rectory," was published by Messrs.
W. T. Berry & Company in Nashville.
Portions of the life and letters dealing with Professor Smith's career and sor-
ices at the Athemeum will naturally most appeal to our readers, and in these
special parts which form no inconsiderable section, is to be found much that is
interesting of local history and incident. He was a great admirer of Pestalozzi,
and his schools were characterized by a Pestalozzian department, which is still
Memory of a life that was ended thirty -one years ago is liable to bo defective,
but in tangible form a biography of Mr. Smith was published in 18(50 by the Hon.
ames Houston Thomas, President of the Athemeum Board of Trustees; another
by one of his pupils, now Mrs. Samuel Ringgold, of Knoxville, Tennessee; and still
another in the Proceedings of the Annual Diocesan Convention of the Church in
Tennessee, forl8G7. In August 180(5 resolutions were published in the Columbia
newspapers. Being of an inventive turn of mind the subject of this sketch ob
tained many patents from the United States patent office.
In iKlitics ho was a. Whig, but is said in 1844 to have voted for Mr. James K.
Polk, his fellow-citizen.
Like many of the Whigs, he took sides with the South in the Confederate war,
furnished uniforms at his own expense to Company B. of Colonel W. B. Bate's
?cond Tennessee Infantry, sent two sons into the Confederate army, served in
the home guards and spent much time in the Confederacy and with the southern
He was one of the first persons who suggested the feasibility of post-office rail
All his life he was a great student and an earnest reader. His style of speak
ing and writing was graceful and ixilished in a high degree.
March, 1850, he suffered a great loss of school buildings by fire, but he went to
work immediately and recovered from the disaster.
Of his lectures in the A theiueum, brilliant and unusually attractive in their
character, and drawing crowds to his lecture-room, others have written elsewhere ;
but of the details of his daily life and work both as professor and principal, of his
associations with men, of his aims and purjwses, of his ideas and theories, as dis-
losed by his letters, the fullest record is preserved in The Guardian.
s Principal of the Athemeum, a position which he held fourteen years, he
seems to have met with a great many difficulties, yet he was always making im
provements in buildings, grounds and methods.
Delving into the earth, and the instruction and control of youth, never seemed
3 diminish his interest in the everyday affairs of life.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith in 1800, revisited their old home in Lynchburg, Virginia
fter an absence of twenty-three years. They could not help being impressed
with the great improvements that had been made in the mode of travel. They
were gladly welcomed and warmly received by their many relatives and friends,
who gave them an ovation.
In 1805 Mr. Smith returned from the war to the Athemeum. The Southern
was lost. Ho resumed his labors in school. " Assisted by his excellent
OUR CORRESPONDENTS. ; LIGHTHOUSE IMPROVEMENT
(Continued from Third Page.)
Bioijyville, Dec. 10. Mr. tnd Mrs.
James II. Giddens entertained the
voung people of this neighborhood on .
Thursday evening the second inst.,
complimentary to Misses llattio and
Pauline Dorsett, of Wiiliamsport. I)e-,
spite the inclement weather quite a
number were present, and the evening'
was delightfully spent. )
MaJ. and Mrs. Moore, of Oiles county, 1
visited the family of Rev. W. F. Powers j
several days last week.
Chas. A.'Wright reached home Wed-'
nesday morning from Dawson, Ga., :
where he has been for the past week on ,
business. He was accompanied home
by Mr. J. W. Glass, a stock dealer, who ,
wishes to purchase several loads oi
mules before his return.
Ham Holding, Esq., candidate for
Circuit Court Judge, spent Wednesday
night in the village, the guest of Dr. K
S. Howlett. Mr. Holding has many
warm supporters in this community,
who are organizing in hia behalf.
Mr. N. W. Wilburn, of the Crescent
City Ice Company, New Orlean8, arrived
home Tuesday to spend the holidays.
Col. M. K. Jackson, of Columbia, will
give a stereoplicon exhibition at the
school house to-night. Hki'orter.
J. A. Perkins, of Antiquity, O., waa
for thirty years needlessly tortured by
physicians for the cure of eczema. He
wag quickly cyred by using DeWitt's
Witch Hazel fSalve, the famous healing
salve for piles and skin diseases. A. 11.
Park's Station, Dec. 14. A this vi
cinity has not been represented in the
Hkrald for some time, we will again
endeavor to write a few items.
The people of this community are en
joving good health at present, with the
exceptions of Mrs. S. S. Craig and Miss
(Juite a number of our farmers have
killed hogs recently, and are enjoying
a good living.
I Us Helle Manire. of Lewisbursr, ia
on a protracted visit to relatives near
Mrs. JelT Gilliam of Groveland, visi
ted her daughter Mrs. John Watson,
Bro. S. T. Sewell preached at Smyrna
The public schooi at this place, con
dueted by Prof. Lee Harris, closed last
tFriday. . ,
Since our last letter Mr. Newt Moore
of this place, and Miss Lillie Rine of
Hardison'a Mills, have been united in
marriage. Their many frienrta wish
them a life of sunshine and happiuess.
Mr. and Mrs. Moore will reside with
Mr. Moore" parent.
Mr. Walter McXight, of Mooresville,
is visiting his sinter Mrs. Johnnie
Branch. , , , , .
There will be services at Philadelphia
church at 11 a. m. on Wednesday in
Xmns, conducted bv Hro. Spivey. e
hopeito have a large attendance.
The sound of the n ana me
the saw can be heard in every diree
ition, as our farmers are getting up their
lirewood for Xmas. . ...
There is to be an enttrtalnment at the
home of Mr. George Andrew to-night,
complimentary to Miss Helle Maoire
of Lewisburg. ... ,
A quarry of very fine marble has been
jio ., Mr" iMun Wilkes farm.
UIDLUI Ull -
near here. , ,,
Wishing all the Herald family a,
merry Xmas, we will close.
Changes That Ilave Been Made In Light
An article about lighthouses, entitled
"The Lights That Guide In the Night,"
is contributed by Lieutenant John M,
Ellicott to St. Nicholas. After telling
of the growth in the number of light
houses Lieutenant Ellicott Bays:
Meantime the means of lighting were
being steadily improved. The open fire
gave place to the oil lamp, then
curved mirror, called a parabolio rnir
jor, was placed behind the lamp to
bring the rays together; next, many
lamps with mirrors were grouped about
a central spindle, and some such lights
are still in operation. The greatest
stride came when an arrangement of
lenses, known as the Fresno! lens, in
front of a lamp replaced the mirror be
hind it. This lens was rapidly improved
for lighthouse purposes, until now
cylindrical glass bouse surrounds the
lamp flame. This house has lens shaped
walls, which bend all the rays to form
a horizontal zone of strong light which
pierces the darkness to a great distance.
The rapid increase in the number of
lighthouses has made it necessary to
have Eome means of telling one from
another, or, as it is termed, of giving
to each light its 'characteristic." Col
oring the glass made the light dimmer,
but as red comes most nearly to white
light in brightness some lights have red
lenses. The latest and best plan, how
ever, is to set upright prisms at inter
vals in a circular framework around
the lens and to revolve this frame by
clockwork. Thus the light is made to
flash every time a prism passes between
it and on observer. By changing the
number and places of the prisms or the
speed of the clockwork the flashes for
any one light can be made to occur at
intervals of so many seconds for that
light. Putting in red prisms gives still
other changes. Thus each light has its
"characteristic," and this is written
down in signs on the charts and fully
stated in the light lists carried by ves
sels. Thus, on a chart you may note
that the light you want to sight is
marked "F. W., v. W. Fl., 10 sec.
which means that it is "fixed white
varied by white flashes every ten sec
ends. " When a light is sighted, you see
if those are its characteristics, and if so
you have found the right one. .
"Harry, you had better sit part of
the evening on my right Bide and port
of it on my lef side."
"Cupid's ghost 1 What' that for!"
"I don't want people to be saying
that yon got curya.ture of the spine on
my account.' Detroit Free Press.
Weeping and Crying. '
"Don't cry," he eu'treated.
Then he perceived that her handker
chief was edged with the most exquisite
'Don't weep," ha eaid,.xorrecting
bimsrlfr-DcJoit Journal. -
1 1T . 1 J. 11 1 II ' j i j ,
wite, ana proviueu wun u corps or competent, leacnors, tnis institution resumed its
place as undoubtedly tho best of the sort in these United States. The extensive
library and splendid paintings, the numerous musical instruments, the beautiful
walks ; all these render the place most desirable, not to mention the privilege of
associating intimately with persons so excellent and highly cultivated as Mr. and
At the close of the successful session of the Athemeum in June, 1800, the public
exercises were unusually brilliant and as on previous occasions the number of pu
pils, teachers and visitors was very large. In the exercises Mr. Smith gave one of
his finest recitations From Shakespeare.
During the vacation Mrs. Smith went to visit her married daughter and family
in Cincinnati. According to his lifelong custom, Mr. Smith began making prepa
rations for the opening-of tho next session of school, when he was attacked with
bilious fever. His wonderful vitality sustained him. But when the case became seri
ous, his wife was telegraphed for and arrived in time to aid him with her presence
and kindly offices. When the end was seen to be approaching, Rev. David Pise,
Pastor of Saint Peter's Church, Columbia, administered the holy communion.
All that loving friends and scientific skill could do was done, but at about half-
past one o'clock of Saturday afternoon, August 4, 18GG, at the age of sixty-
nine years he died ; quietly, peacefully, without a struggle, he breathed hisjlast, at
peace with Gotland man.
Funeral services were held in the Athenaium study-hall by his pastor the fol
lowing Sunday afternoon. A multitude of people assembled, and the procession
was one of the largest ever seen in Columbia. All of the church bells tolled. In
Rose Hill cemetery the burial was with Masonic honors, he being a Past Master of
Marshall lodge, Number H9, of Free and Accepted Masons, in Lynchburg; a
Knight Templar and a Sublime Prince of the Royal Secret. News of this death
brought sorrow to thousands of his pupils, patrons and friends in this and other
countries. No poor girl ever applied to him in vain for assistance in her educa
tion. More than a hundred thousand dollars worth of accounts were due him on
his ledger, though it required much money to continue the Athena'um. He left a
widow, who maintained the reputation of the Athenreum until her death in 1871 ;
two daughters, Mrs. L. M. Hosea, and Mrs. R. K. Burckhardt, of Cincinnati,
Ohio; and three sons, R. D., W. A., and F. II. Smith, who managed the institu
tion until ten years ago, since which time it has been in charge of R. D. Smith,
This biography is a just and deserved tribute to the memory and achievements
of a man who played no ordinary part or insignificant one in the field of American
science and education; and there is no graduate of the Athenaeum, mother, daugh
ter or granddaughter, who can read it without a sense of the debt of gratitude
which is due from the Alma Mater and from the Commonwealth to this their
adopted son, who benefited them in achieving honors for himself.
The monument erected over the grave in Rose Hill cemetery is a loving tribute
from his sons. Of the finest Italian marble, its design and finish are both appro
priate and elegant.
Mrs. William Graves, Rector Smith's youngest sister, is living in Battle Creek,
Michigan, at the advanced age of eighty-six years, all of her brothers and sisters
having passed over to "that undiscovered country, from whose bourn no traveller
Tuesday evening, December 14th, 1897, the anniversary centennial of Franklin
Gillette Smith's birth was celebrated with impressive ceremonies in the study
ball of the Columbia Athenanim, that he had founded as the crowning glory of his
lifework. While there, " If you seek his monument, look around. "
A short time before his death ho received a pressing invitation to revisit Prince
ton, his Alma Mater, but that was a joy which he was not permitted to realize.
How many, or rather how few of us, will have the hundredth anniversary of
our birth celebrated by grateful friends? We are only remembered by what we
In 1842, Mr. Smith had the honor of entertaining Ex-President Martin Van
Buren. who made a visit to his school, as many distinguished persons did. This
visit of the President of the United States to Columbia, Tennessee, is well re
membered by our old citizens. But,
What are the trophies gained
By power alone, with all Its noise and strife,
To that meek wreath unstained,
Won by the charities that gladden life!
We Rive Mr. Smith credit for having established the first undenominational
school for girls, and the pioneer of educational journals. "He, being dead
yet sjMaketh. " In December 1841, he wrote and published the following, which
is well worthy of reproduction: " Proposals for publishing at Columbia, Tennes
see, a monthly periodical entitled The Guardian,-a family magazine devoted to
the cause of education on Christian principles, edited by F. G. Smith and his
assistants. The conductors of this school have long felt the need of a medium for
communicating regularly with their patrons, and for laying before the world the
results of their experience and observation on the whole subject of education, both
Du'olie and rrivate. The progress in learning and the intellectual and moral im
provcnients visible among their interesting charge, they would gladly spread
amone the families of the Southwest whose daughters are debarred the advant
aged of public schools. A distinguished scholar having obligingly favored this
undertaking with the engagement that be will write for every number of the pro
posed magazine, the Rector is encouraged to submit his plans to the community at
large, In the confidence that in the circle of his associates and corresiKindents, he
is surrounded by all the zoal, experience and talent requisite for imparting perma
nent value to such a publication. It is emphatically called for by the growing in
terest of this section of the Union in the whole subject of education upon the best
and soundest principles.
"We aro bound within no narrow limits. A subject wider in its range than
the one which lies before us, can not be suggested; and in seeking to give in
terest as well as usefulness to our work, we can be at no loss for topics. The world
is all before us, whore to choose. Religion, whether in its own purity and loveli
ness, or as connected with letters and sanctifying while it elevates tho aspirations
and developments of genius; the fireside circle, the seat of the purest affections and
the chief nursery of all that graces and adorns our world; the school redeemed from
the tryanny of dogmatism and become the scene of courtesy, dignity and refine
ment, no less than of large-reaching thought, sound learning and skill in the man
agement and mastery of the passions: in fine, all that is praiseworthy in the spirit
of our wonderful age, its enterprise, its courage, its grasp after the highest attain
ments in art, science and invention ; so various and illimitable are the fields from
which our topics and illustrations aro to bo gathered. Whatever may contribute
to control the imagination, to expand the mind and to elevate the aims of the young,
to raise the genius and to improve the heart, we shall gladly welcome to our pages.
Our aim is to diffuse sound and conservative views on all topics connected with
the improvement of society, and more especially with the education of the future
mothers of our land, upon whoso wise and faithful execution of their high trust,
our national prosperity more immediately depends than upon any other human
His llfu was gentle; and the elements
Ho mixed In him, that Nature might stand up,
And say, to all the world, This was a man.
Shakrtpeare's Juliut Caesar, Act B, Srrne 5.
It only remains, in closing this little biographical sketch, to give an inscription
for a memorial stone to mark his place in the Athentvum, truthfully to sum up and
portray the character now under consideration.
to the memory of
FRANKLIN GILLETTE SMITH, A. M.,
late Professor of Natural Philosophy,
and Founder of
Tho Columbia Athemeum.
Distinguised in his profession
for his learning, his talents and his sagacity;'
and as a man for his
bland, polite and gentle manners,
his unpretending modesty,
his unbending integrity,
and his sincere but unostentatious piety.
He won the esteem of good men,
the warm attachment of his friends
and the devoted affections
of his bereaved family.
He died in peace,
surrounded by friends and
regretted by all,
on tho 4th of August, 1800.
Born December 14th, 1797.
Aged nearly 09 years.
His modesty even surpassed his learning, and ho was always exceedingly ret
icent concerning himself and what he had done.
The inscription over the Pantheon runs: "To great men, the country is thank
ful." The name of the Founder of the Athemeum could be blazoned in letters of
gold either in the beautiful dome of the Rotunda library, among the books ho
loved so well; or in the frieze of the Study-hall building between wreaths of immortelles.
SatterMd t k t Dodson
WZ&&E9& ' ii ''i'awrt -? ill " - w 1 1
Got highest award and Silver Medal at Tennessee Centennials By far the
best wagon on the market.
A A; " - i -
, . r-i
Canton Disc Plow.
See it before you buy. flTWe will occupy tne post-once Dunuing in ibus.
Satterneld & Dodson.
T. N. Jones, use, etc., va. Mra. A. E. Mc-
Kisslck, et. al.
In Chancery Court at Columbia, Ten
nessee. In obedience to a decree of the Chan
cery Court at Columbia, made at the
October term, 1897, at page 3, in the
above-atyled case, I w ill, on
SATfRDAV, the 15th Day January, 1S!,
in front of the court-house door, in
Columbia, Bell to the highest and
best bidder, the property in said de
cree described, being a tract of land
lying and being in the Eleventh
civil district of Maury County, Tennes
see, bounded north by McKisaack;
south by Morrow; eat by Morrow, and
west by Murphy, being the same con
ycyed to P. V. McKissack by John H.
Douglas in the year 1S7'A by deed recor
ded In Book T. vol. 2. page 271, K. O. M.
C, containing 64 acres, more or less.
Thru ok balk. Said aale win be
made on-a credit of 6, lA.18.and 24
monthi, subject to the life estate of
widow and minor heirs of D.V. Mc
Kissack to homestad in said tract of
land, and in bar of the equity of re
demption. Notes, drawing interest
from day of sale, with good personal
security, will be' required of the pur
chaser, and a lien will be retained on
the property sold, as further security.
This 17th day of December, 1H(7.
A. N. AKIN, Clerk and Com'r.
W. S. Fleming, Solicitor. dec!7 4t
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer in
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Fine watch and Jewelry
repairing a ipeolalty.
Bethel! Block, I COLUMBIA, TEITV
W. M. BIDDLE,
Office: Corner Htgb and Eighth Street
Office houn: 8 to 10-3 to 4.