Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA IIERALD: FKIDAY, MAliCII 11, lU8.
Ths Hew Steel Frame
HAMILTON CORN PLANTER.
This planter has been thoroughly tested and proven to be the greatest
hill drop and check rower planter in use; has cover shovels and clod fen
ders; strongest and lightest draft. If you want the be9t buy the Hamilton.
NE-HDRSE BULL-TDNGUE PLANTER.
Our New Light Running Tennessee Wagon
Still leadB. It combines several good points found on other makes ; they will do to hitch too.
IF YOU WANT A GOQD, GARDEN
Use our hose, rakes, cultivators, spade forks, etc. We have the
wire, pouity netting, etc., in town, uuy your plow gear or us.
We buy for cash and sell for cash. -Try usl ,
I Respectfully, '. ' "
Citizens' Telephone 73:
Agricultural and Live
It is just as well to let the weeds
grow as to cut them down in the fall
and not burn them. If the seeds
have been already formed they will
ripen sufficiently to germinate and
so re-seed themselves.
Let us reinstate pumpkins to the
position they held Id the estimation
of the fathers. They furnish au ex
cellent addition to the food of swine
and milch cows, and can be grown
at so little cost; and there are too
few who know the real good quali
ties of "pumpkin saBs" upon the
Two facts are undisputed: Deep
ly plowed ground contains more
water than that which has been
made compact by the rains; a thin
covering of loose soil often stirred,
protects the soil beneath from
evaporation and enables it to retain
water much longer than without
this mulch. ..Usually those who
grumble most at. a drouth have tak
en no advantage of this knowledge.
The potato crop of the European
continent exceed the wheat crop of
the whole world. Germany anuu-
ally grows 900,000,000 bushels, while
the United States harvests but about
170.000,000 bushels. There is at least
room for thought in this.
On the small farm avenues are
open to the owner which are practi
cally closed to the large farmer. He
is not crowded with work, he can
look more into the details of his
business, can pay more attention to
the marketing of his produce, and,
in short, can farm more closely in
many ways. He can feed all he
raises; in selling, he comes in closer
contact with the consumer, and he
can aiTord to look after the little
odds and ends which are so often
A buckwheat crop will extermi
nate quack or couch grass, and with
out other labor than plowing, sow
inir and harvesting. Bow it thick
and stimulate with fertilizer
Though trrass and wheat may come
together, the buckwheat will out
grow the other, and by shading kill
it and rot the tough sods. If any
grass remains, put to rye, and re
pent the crop of buckwheat next
Urazlng is not intensive cultiva
tion. The same land cropped with
hay, and the crop carefully fed, will
support more stock than if pastured.
Good crops in poor seasons are the
ons which give the best profit, and
the farmer who so cultivates as to
have good crops every year is the
one who procures the profit oftenest.
Of course, the more nearly all the
work can be done by the regular
help of the farm the more profitable
can the farm be made. In deter
mining what crops are to be grown
plan so as to distribute the work as
evenly as possible through the sea
son, and the necessity for outside
heln will be greatly reduced.
We report tons of beeswax every
year. There is no danger of the bee
keeping business being overdone
very soon, as there never has been
enough good honey on the market to
make it st em other than a luxury.
To double the supply would be to
double the demand, as has been the
case with fruits.
If your clover has frozen out it is
because your land is too wet, or be
cause you have cut or pastured it
too closely in the fall. For all these
reasons the remedy is In your own
hands. Do not condemn the seed
unless you are certain it is the cause
of the poor stand.
Unlike most animals, sheep feed
more profitably in cold weather
It is as easy to have the sows far
row in February as in March, and it
is no more trouble to raise a Febru
ary pig than a later one. Since
there Is a demand for eight months'
old pigs, there would be a greater
surety of their attaining a desirable
weight in season if they came in
Advanced methods of cultivation
enable us to grow two tons of hay
from laud which formerly produced
but one, and 100 bushels of corn
where formerly but 50 grew. Just
so in cattle feeding and breeding
we can now market as good animals
at two years old as we once did at
four. ' ! .
The horse which will ell In 1,900
must be of positive virtues, not nega
tive Jqualities. ' The evil from the
past introduction of chunks will not
be appreciated until some attempt
is made to breed them to good "driv
ing stocK. wesnau not be ready
for the market.
Chancres of feed with fattening
stook Bhould always be made cau
tiously. Variety In the ration Is
desirable, but it ia best to attain this
by feeding a mixted ration all the
time, rather than by using one ma
terial for a time and then changing
wholly to another.
Our pasture fields are often those
which will least pay for cultivation ;
they get no care, and any stock
which picks up an existence off
them is considered bo much gain,
though they do not even pay taxes.
Those pasture fields can be made
It is idle to work for nothing when
it can De avoided. . y erhaps you
have been wintering stock not good
enough to pay for the good feed and
care you nave given them.
Many an animal turned out nto a
cold yard to drink Icy water goes
bacKagftin without drinking, and
keeps his thirst until actually forced
to siatce u.
It would be better if horses and
cattle could drink little and often In
cold weather, as well as in hot days
Getting very thirsty, they take in so
much at one time as to check the
process of digestion, instead of
assisting it, and chill the whole
Grinding the feed for the stock
will soon save more tnan will pay
lor the extra labor and expense
whether one owns a hand machine
or a larger one in common with
company of his neighbors; but there
is such a thing as grinding too fine.
The scarcity of American cattle
compelled Armour to put up a large
pacKlng njuse -in south America
We have about concluded it is time
to go to breeding cattle again; but it
Is certain that we can not have good
stock tor the market until we raise
them, and that will take time.
A few head of good animals
whether cattle, norses or hogs, are
what produce the profit. Where a
large number , is reared by one
breeder the personal attention given
to each is the very slightest. This
is especially true of horee raising,
where the training and handling are
largely superficial,, aside from the
training for speed.
lhe experiment stations have
demonstrated that shredded corn
fodder is a nutritious stock food,
and is best when moistened and
mixed with ground food and bran.
It is then more easily, quickly and
completely digestible. When thus
mixed it produced more milk and
a greater gain of weight in fiesh
than when the same quantities were
Many little secrets of the dairy
are being ferreted out continually of
which the world is contemptuous.
When men who have spent their
years iu inveotigatbm confess that
milk is to-uay a great mystery to
them, what must it be to the man
who has never given it an hour's
study or reading iu his life?
The matter of breeding should be
governed by tho excellence of the
parents, while pedigree should be
used only to keep track of the fam
ily. If the cow of pedigree is of lit
tle worth as a milker, do not go on
breeding from her merely to keep
up the numbers.
No ration will keep up a constant
flow in the dairy, for there will be
shrinkage as lactation advances,
but let there be a generous system
of mixed feeds and as few ups and
downs in temperature as possible,
ana tne snrinkage win be at a mini
mum. It is the dairyman who has pro
vided au nbuuaance ot good winter
feed for his cows who will pocket
the difference between winter and
summer prices for dairy products.
In this lies the profits.
It a cow does not enjoy the opera
tion she will soon retire from the
business of giving milk. Do not
Will plant corn, re is, beans, millet and eor
ghum. This planter will plant a hill of peas
between two hills of corn if desired. Will work
well anywhere a bull-tongue plow will run. No
farm should be without a " WRIGHT'S
Aspemvall -Potato Planters
are money savers if you want to raise
potatoes. We carry a stock of Aspenwall
OLIVER CHILL PLOWS will
the earth over. We buy them in car
lots. We sell none but the genuine
points ana repairs ror Uliver plows.
Brown Spring Trip Cultivators, Brown
Shovels, Brown Lever Harrows.
We have a full gtock of
can give you a bargain.
these goods and
largest stock of barbed and smooth
u uui in me uoiu. nor in a
not sraDie, nor wnere the flies tor
ture her, nor in a muddy barnyard,
iiurwiiere sno win De annoyed by
me uugo or wie cnnaren.
itemember that even on the best
pasture a daily feed of bran will pay
wen. i ue Heaviest Dran is not al
ways the best, but that which
weighs is or 20 pounds to the bushel
it is the comfortable cow which
nus tne pan with milk and the milk
wim umier iui mere are snme
things which can be remembered
ir pouiry does not Dav It will i.
most always be found that the fault
lies witn the owner, and not with
tne business itself.
Hens will show their RDnreclatinn
tu pienty oi ngnt in their coops
ineywilllay more eggs and keep
in better health and spirit. Let
mere De large windows on the
south and east, at least, or a glass
It should not be difficult for noul
try raisers to una special customers
to whom they can take their eggs at
definite times and receive the very
top prices. Many town people will
pay readily for that which they
Know to De iresn and trustworthy
The throwing of air slaked lime
about the poultry yards will often
prevent disease; the vermin will be
destroyed by dusting roosts, walls
and floors with this penetrating,
purifying powder. It is also a
benefit in the outer runs. Use it
Milk would take the place of meat
with poultry if It were more concen
trated. Consumption of large quan
tities of fluids is not natural with
fowls. There are but 13 per cent, of
solids In milk. For this reason they
cannot do witho'it meats. -
Put a flock in a dimly lighted
poultry house, and no matter how
comfortable it may be, fowls will
cluster together in some corner out
side and brave all the storms which
may come in preference to remain
ing in a dark and cheerless abode.
All birds seem to have an instructive
dread of darkness.
Old hens will sell for enough to
pay for their fattening, though they
do not bring a high price, but there
is room for many of them on the
farmer's table. The low price of
grain makes it a favorable time to
fatten hens which have not proved
to oe gooa layers.
Keep the house plants from freez
ing in cold weather by placing three
or four thicknesses of newspaper be
tween tnem and the window pane.
Cover a peck of refused potatoes
in the hole where you are to set
your trees, and they will provide
what moisture the tree may need in
a dry time, and keep it alive until it
a wen grown tree may survive a
little neglect, while younger trees
would die of such treatment. Do
not think It a waste of labor to give
the orchard attention before it
comes Into years of bearing, for thsn
is the care needed most.
Spraying gives not only better
quality of fruit, but that which is
more perfect, and also reduces the
wide difference between fruit years
and off years, and this helps to the
One of the most useful orchard in
sects is the hot tempered hornet
It is busy from morning until night
taking slugs from cherry and plum
trees and carrying them home to its
young. A nest of hornets in an or
chard will do more to subdue the
slugs than many pounds of Paris
Trees frequently lean to north
east; but it is not so much because
of the southwest winds as from the
direct rays of the morning sun.
The same effect Is more positively
shown in window plants.
Hardy, hebaceous plant3 require
so little room and so little care, and
are so cheap, that there Is no excuse
for any country home being without
them. A little money will procure
quite a variety, and they will often
prosper and bloom under any neg
lect; but If they please you, grass
and weeds will not be permitted to
grow about them.
Bring your job
printing '.o the
Oh, for that afternoon, that lane
Where I picked floworsl Never again
Will common wild flowers look so well,
Bo freshly blush the pimpernel,
And modest blue anl eiinplu white
Stand in the grass to such delight!
I pk'kel my flowers for Flora'8 sake,
Bappy to li:ive a chance to make
A nosegny she might chance to see
And know that it was made by me.
I found a baby ouk leaf too.
Bo I bad green, white, red and blue.
Henry Patmore in Spectator.
AN IMPERIAL CAPRICE.
How Russian Empress Visited Her Wrath
on One of Her Nobles.
The Empress Anna of Russia In the Inst
year of hor reign carried out one of the
most "mighty and magnificent" caprices
that ever entered into the head of even a
In 1739 one of her nobles, PrlnoeGalit-
zln, offended her, and she varied the usual
programmo did not sond him to Siberia,
nut Instead made him court pajre and buf
foon. Ho was a wldowor. The eiuDress
commanded him to marry again. The
prlnco carried out hor Instructions in the
spirit of his new profession and selected a
girl of low degreo.
Her majesty took on horsolf all the wed
ding arrangements. The winter of 1739
40 was extraordinarily severe. She ordered
a houso built entirely of ice. It consisted
of two rnoiiis, and all the furniture, even
to the bodstead, was of ice also. In front
of the house were placed four small can
nons and two mortars, and those wero of
ice. They were llrod, too, several times
hen the wedding day name, there was
a procession of 800 persons, mostly peas
ants, from every part of Russia. The em
press had commanded them to be sent to
her by provincial governors. Each person
wore the costume of his or hor province,
and some wero drawn in sledges by rein
deer, some by dogs, some by goats, some
The bride and groom rode in the midst
in a groat iron cage placed on the back of
an elephant. After marching through the
principal streets of. St. Petersburg they
went to a building we bear of as the Duke
of Coulrand s riding house, and there sup
por was served In many different fashions,
for each guest supped as he would have
done at home, and the ouHtom in different
parts of Russia then differed greatly
more even than they do now. A ball fol
lowed, and the dancing was as varied as
After the ball the unfortunate bridal
pair were escorted to the icehouse, where
they had to spend the night, for guards
were placed before the door to see that
they didn't get out. Chicago Record.
Frond of HU Record.
' l suppose there is a groat deal of un
recognized genius in the world," remarked
the literary young woman.
"Yes, Indeed," replied her father as he
looked up from the trade paper. "Lots
and lots of it. People are a great deal
more sensible these days than tbey used to
"You mean they are more sensible be
cause they have so much unrecognized
genlusf" she quorlod in surprise.
"That's it precisely." Taking off bis
glasses and balancing them on his fore
finger he went on: "I remember when I
was a boy I had a great talent fur music.
I could remember almost any tune I ever
heard and play it on a mouth harp. And
draw pictures? Many is the picture I have
drawn. So hard is it to curb genius that
lots of times I would find myself drawing
pictures on my slute instead of doing my
"How unfortunate that you couldn't
have cultivated your talents."
".Not a bit of It; not a bit of it. I was
peculiarly fortunate. The trouble with
too many geniuses is that they don't have
common sense. Now, I was different. I
profited by my opportunities. ..You can't
get a common school education without
finding out what Is likely to happon to a
man as soon as the world picks him out as
a genius. Go right along through the list
of them. They are always selling pictures
or poems or musical compositions for less
than tho market voluo. Poople somehow
expect it of them. And It's mighty seldom
that ono gets rich. As soon as I discovered
that I had any symptoms of genius, I
fought them down. I battled with myself
and went irto the livery stable business.
By being cautious and attending to busi
ness I arrived at a position of comparative
Independence, so that I can look contont
edly around me and feel that it wouldn't
do any great harm now, even if I were rec
ognized." Washington Star.
Engaged Long Ago.
A charming young matron of tho uppor
Sixth distrlot is tho mother of six lovely
children, all girls. A few evenings ago,
after dinner, while soated around tho
hearthstone, she and her husband became
remlzilsccnt, relating many happy episodes
which occurred during that blissful period
nearly all young people know when they
. S,L i ..w,. ...... .,
aro engaged. That tho little group lis
tened with lively attention was fully dem
onstrated tho next day by a conversation
botween ono of tho younger children and
a now wood vender who hud recently
moved into the neighborhood and came
around soliciting orders. The doorbell
rang, and one of tho children, Anita, not
waiting for tho servant to answer, went
to tho door herself, whon tho following
dialogue took place:
Wood Vender Good morning, little
girl ! Is your mother engaged?
Auitn (with astonishment) Engaged 1
Why, my mamma is married, and has six
Exit wood vender in confusion, amid
roars of laughter from the older children,
who wero listening behind the door.
New Orleans Times-Democrat.
The Lawyer's Objections.
"Now," remarked tho attorney's wife,
as she sat down upon his chest and gave
his ear another twist, after the brief disa
greement "now I'd like to know who
holds tho reins in this house."
"Madam," said her husband faintly,
but with tmo courage still, "I refuse to
answer. That is a leading question."
Cincinnati Commercial Tribune
When It is necessary to break a glass jar
or bottle evenly, the easiest way is to soak
a piece of string in turpentine and tie it
around tho nevk of tho bottlo or wherever
it is to be broken and then set fire to the
6trinp. The glass will snap along tho
When (l.wthe was first in love, he went
into the forest, soleoted a beautiful tree,
engraved thereon two hearts united by a
scroll and received from the forester there
for a sound thrashing.
Irish and French Canadians constitute
70 per cent of tho fuiuign population in
The Great Portrait Painter and Soma Ct
Mrs. Gainsborough of Sudbury omployej
her spare time in producing water color
sketches of flowers, and doubtless for the
sake of keeping him out of mischief she
allowed her little son, Thomas, to play
with her brushes. As a result the world
is richer by over 300 exquisito paintings.
Gainsborough's first picture of the beau
tiful Georgiana Spencer was painted when
she was only 6 years old. Ho painted ber
aealn after her marriago with the Duke
of Devonshire, but was so dissatisfied with
the result that he would not send it to
"Her graco is too jardformo,"he criod,
drawing his pencil ucross ber mouth on
In 1783, however, a satisfactory portrait
was completed. . Tho picture passod into
tho Wynn Ellis collection and was put up
for sale at Christie's in 1870.
Agnew bought it for 10,605 a higher
prico than hud ever boon givon at Chris
tie's. It was conveyed to Agnow s gallory
in Bond street, and a few days afterward
the frame was found to bo empty, the pic
ture having been carefully cut out.
A largo reward was offered for the pie
turo, and great excitement roused nil over
tho country. Tho mysterious loss has
never been explalnod, and the boautlful
"Duchess" is still missing.
Gainsborough's exquisite picture of
Mrs. Siddons is ono of tho greatest por
traits ever painted. It hangs in tho Na
tional gallery, the coloring as fresh as if
It hud been laid on yesterday.
As in the case of tho duchess' portrait,
Gainsborough had a difficulty in complet
ing it to bis satisfaction. Tho actress'
long noso almost baffled his power of
draftsmanship, and he lmpationtly threw
down his brush, crying, "There's no end
to it!" His impatience calmed down for
tunately, and the portrait was finished.
Gainsborough's impatience was prover
bial. ! v
"You will be sure to paint the dimple
in my chin," said a would bo sitter.
"I will paint neither," was the artist's
On another occasion ho blotted out a
completed fuco from tho canvas with ono
movement of his brush on bearing the
pompous voico of the original inquiring if
"thut fellow Gainsborough had dono bis
work at last."
He quarreled with tho Royal academy
committee because they refused to hung
his largo picture of tho three prinoesses as
near to the ground as ho wished, and tried
to provoke Sir Joshua Reynolds to anger.
But the quarrel was forgotten on his death
The great rival painters met as Gains
borough's life ebbed away, and taking Sir
Joshua s hand he whispered:
"We shull all be in heaven togother, and
Vandyke (his favorite painter) will be of
the company." English Exchange.
A Prescription Which the Hospital Bar
geon Ordered Was. Never Filled. '.
"Even during trying times like fever
epidemics," remarked Dr. W. H. Watkins,
"eplaodos quaintly humorous at times dis
pol the gloom in necessarily constricted cir
cles. Uno day during the 1867 epidemio
ot yellow fever House Surgeon Jule Font
and a number of others were playing
whist, trying to while away tho time pend
ing the introduction of a batch of patients,
During the progress of the game one of
the attendants entered the apartment and
told Dr. Font that a yellow fever patient
had been taken into Ward 19.
" 'Very well,' remarked Dr. Font, 'just
give him a footbath and I will be down
directly to look after him. " The attendee fc
took his departure, and the game went
on for some time, when tho attendant
put in an appearance once more with the
information that another fever case had
been deposited in Ward 20..
" 'All right, replied tho doctor. "Give
blm a footbath and let mo know when
you have finished.' In about five minutes
back came tho omployeo.
" 'Am mighty sorry, Dr. Font, but I'm
in trouble. 1 gave the llrst man bis loot
bath, but I drn't know what to do about
the second. I can't give him a footbath,
that s sure.
"Dr. Font cot up from the whist table
with a determined look on his faoe. 'Well,
if you cannot, I guess 1 will bo ablo to,'
" 'So, sir,' said tho attendant, smiling.
'I don't think you will.'
" 'Why not?'
"'Tho second man ain't got any feet,
Bir. Thoy are both cut oit just below the
knee.' "New Orleans Times-Democrat.
"What do you think about tho disolplln-'.
ing of infants? Do you believe they should'
be rocked or not be rocked?"
"Well,'' -emarked the old bachelor
thoughtfully, "rocks, though perhaps a
! 'rlllu severe, may possibly be tho best ulti-
,.!. ,l,itlnn n tUa Infuv,-. r,rnklo, "
mate solution of
tho Infant problem.
' An Uncertain Disease.
There is no disease more uncertain in its
nature than dyspepsia. Fhysicians say that
the symptoms of no two cases agree. It is
therefore most difficult to make a correct
diagnosis. No matter how severe, or under
what disguiseriyHpepsia attacks yon. Unions'
Iron Bitters will cure it. lnvnlnntle in oil
diseases of the stomach, Mood and nerves.
Browns' Iron Bitters is sold by all dealers.
Columbia Planing Mill anl Fnifcjactory, Estallislica In 1867,
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb 4 (smith) Manufacturer of and Dealer in
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AHOtOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and nromntlv attpnd
Sawing of every variety. Siair
I have always on hand a large stock
fcasn, Doors, winds, Etc., which I will
A full snpplj'of Urick always
And dealer in all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Robes, etc. Uodieg embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at all hours, day or night.
Elegant New Hearse E
, oniee ana hales Koom corner Sixth and
Best Offer Made
for Good Heading.
The Columbia Herald,
Both for one year,"and
"Gov. Bob Taylor's Tales,"
All for $1.25,
Cash in advance !
Yon can't afford to miss all this.
good reading at the astonishingly
low price of $1.25 a year, or less than
2)4 cents a week.
Are you willing to deprive your
family of a recurring pleasure twice
every week In the year, when the
aggregate is only the pitiful Bum of
Perhaps you havn't seen one of
Gov. Taylor's books. If they
couldn't be bought for less they are
worth that money themselves. Call
at the Hebald office and see a copy.
You will wonder then how so much
can be furnished you for bo little.
8tart the New Year by accepting?
this offer, and every time The
Herald or the Commercial Ap
peal comes, which will be oncea
week for each, or 104 papers in the
year, you and your family will
thank us for calling , your attention
to so good a thing. .'
Call at this office, or Address
COLUMBIA MARKET RETORT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gambia
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Sorghum, from wagon 18(4 20
Butter I 10 16
Wool 63 25
Ginseng 2 002 26
Ducks , 15
Chickens . 15 2f.
Clear sides 6
Hams 6 7
Crimson Clover 8 60
Blue Grass 1 251 50
Orchard Grass.. I 50
Timothy , 1 85.
Red Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat.... .. 90 95.
Corn 80 35
Oats 40 45
Hay Clover, from wagon.... 60(8 f,0 ,
Timothy , from wagon 6C 65,
Lard, from wagon 6V 6 .
Flour, per bbl 4 76g5 60
Sugar, granulated..... 6H
Coflee lo 2
Meal, from mill 40 45
Clkrk and Master's Office, )
Columbia, Tenn., February 18, 1898. '
J. W. Hannawa.", Complainant, vs. W.
; JO. Coffee, et. ux., Defendant.1
It appearing from sffidavlt filed Ir
this cause, that the defendant, W. O.
Coffee and his wifo, M. M. Coffee, are-non-residents
of the State of Tennessee,.
It is therefore ordered that they enter
their appearance hereln,before or within
the first three days of the next term of
the Chancery Court, to be held at Co
lumbia, on the first Monday in April,
next, 1NI8, and plead, answer or demur
to C omplainant's bill, or the same will
be taken for confessed as to them and
set for hearing ex parte and that a
copy of this order be published for four
consecutive, weeks in tho Columbia.
A.K AKIN, C.AM.
Figuers & Padgett, Sol'rs for Compl't.
ltailing, Balusters, Newell l'osts.
of Walnut and Dreeeed LnmW ni
sell on the most advantageous terms.
H. SMITH. rirHBU TK,,
1 careful driver. Orrfor.
spectfully solicited. Charges
Citizens' Telephone 45.