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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, MARCH 18. 1898.
We W ant EYsrylody to Know
(WE ALREADY KNOW)
That our Stock Hardware, Implimonts, Crockery and Stoves
and TINWARE is the largest and beet selected in the city. FORTY PER CENT is no small gain,
yet our business shows more than this increase over 185)7. . We want to keep up this pace and propose
"to save you money if you trade with us:
OUK CHOCKEKY DEPARTMENT shows too many fine French and German' China Dinner Sets. You know
the Dingley tarilf advanced these. We will close them out regardless of the advance. Fine Cham
ber Sets. Overstocked on these. Get our prices, they are money savers.
TINWARE. We are selling first-class tinware, stamped and piece ware just a? cheap as you can buy inferior
grades. 10 quart dish pans 10c ; 14 quart dish pans, 15c; 12 quart buckets, 20c; 9 quart buckets 12c;
quart buckets 10c.
SEWING MACHINES. We have
f25.00. Warranted from 5
Going to buy a wheel this year?
We keep them in all sizes, 24,
20 and 23 inch wheels, and we
sell such well known wheels as
Let us show them to you.
reduction In prices.
"We also keep a full line of Bicycle
Sundries. Wheels repaired.
Citizens' TeleplMt 73.
Agricultural and Live
Kaffir corn seems to have an ad
vantage in that it will grow in dry
seasons when common maize is a
failure; It keeps green In the hot
test, dryest weather.. It makes very
fair flour, and stock eat it ravenous
ly. Ofteu horses seem to prefer It
to oats, and it seems to have many
of the nourishing elements of wheat
Crops are crowded and choked and
robbed by weeds in countless forms,
and they do not excite due appre
hension as to tho harm they are do
ing. If we would but take up the
warfare the coming season, even . If
it does take all summer, we shall
find it a task well undertaken. We
should be astonished if we could
compute the loss they occasion.
Aim to keep plants growing on the
land all the time. Sow crimson
clover in the corn at the last cultiva
tion. After potatoes, wheat or rye
may bo drilled in without plowing,
or even harrowing the ground, to
good advantage. Rye Is hardier
than wheat, and will make good
growth on a corn or potato stubble
with very little preparation.
The ordinary "mending" of roads
is worse than nothing; money thus
expended is utterly wasted. A road
must have a good foundation and
surface and a careful system of in
spection and repairs. It will cost
much less to keep up good roads
than the ordinary dirt highways,
which must have "mending" every
spring and fall. It is folly to be . ap
palled by the initial cost.
Agriculture is safer than banking,
manufacturing or railwaying. There
Is no farmer anywhere, of good in
telligence and good health, who can
not make a living for himself and
family. This i as well as the ma
jority are doing in other pursuits. It
is said that only three per cent, of
men engaged in other business es
cape failure, while only three per
cent, of farmers fall.
Because oats Is a cheap crop it is
too often that carelessness is shown
In the seeding. If the crop is worth
sowing at all it is worth takingpains
to sow in such circumstances as
will ensure a vigorous, thrifty
growth and yield. If the ground is
In good tilth it will require less seed.
If we put coarse manure on potato
ground late in the spring it will be
likely to do more harm than good.
When plowed under it will remain
dry in the furrow until midsummer,
and will then ferment and breed
fungus. Place it in the fall, or have
it thoroughly rotted.
If the straw can not all be used for
bedding, spread it out in the yard
where the animals stand during the
day, that their hoofs may cut it up
and make a pulpy mass of it; then
haul dark soil or leaf mold from the
woods and cover it; if this is re
peated once a month duringthe win
ter it will be a valuable vegetable
supply for the fields.
The progressive farmer is a stick
ler for good seed. Even a slight
loss from this source amounts to
more in the result than We can often
calculate. Let there be no stinting
in either quality or quantity.
Soils which most need drainage
usually are the most productive.
Clay ground, which is most reten
tive of moisture, and, therefore, cold
and late, is strong ground, and re
tentive of applied manures. In good
mechanical condition it holds bet
ter than dry soil, usually deficient in
Very rarely are the conditions such
that a scrub steer can be fed for the
block with any profit. Most of the
farmers who are attempting this
cheat themselves by not accurately
counting the cost. They seem afraid
to hunt for the leak in their bystem.
Every day the demand for prime
beef at top prices Is greater than the
supply. The world must be fed, and
the American farmer must feed it
chiefly. We can raise better cattle
than does Argentina, though they
are now procuring the best Euglish
Dispose of the cattle aa soon as the
cost of additional feeding is not com
pensated by additional gain. A
careful use of the scales would show
that this period takes place at a
much earlier age than many farmers
added to our stock a first-class line of
to 10 years.
To maintain the quality of our live
stock we must constantly aim to im
prove it. There is a demand for the
best beef. The Britisher likes his
American roast, and our export
trade has reached enormous propor
tions, but we must be ready for com
petition. The quality of our stock is mor to
us than the number we possess. The
feeder who has a bunch of good,
young, small boned, early maturing
steers, with his bins full of corn, has
no need to fear that he will come out
of the little end of the horn when his
stock goes to market.
If you have high grade yearling
cattle do not fear feeding up the
corn. With a few thousand pounds
of that superior quality which goes
with early maturity you can top the
market nnd get in another lot before
the scrubs will be ready, anil get the
extra price for each lot.
If we introduce a queen of one of
the yellow varieties into a colony of
black bees it will be changed into a
colony of yellow bees in about two
months from the time the last of the
progeny of the black queen hatches
out; nearly all the black bees will
die in that interval of timn.
It has been shown that the first or
second crop of sorghum will pro
duce the same effect each time if
eaten within 10 days after the first
good frost, if it is green when frozen.
The second crop only has been blam
ed because the first Is always cut otT
before frost. It is the freezingof the
green plant which does the mis
chief. It is March when bees usually be
gin to breed ; they then draw heavily
upon their stores, and from then un
til the 1st of May is the danger from
starving, or of an injury to the brood
from a shortage of stores. Granula
ted sugar mould into a honey frame
is a good way to feed them.
It is said Japan neither drink3
milk nor eats meat; there are no
cows. There are few horses, and
these are owned by foreigner. The
freight cars in the cities and the
pleasure carriages are drawn by
men. There are hardly any dogs,
either for watching, hunting or as
beasts of burden, and these, too, are
owned by foreigners. There are no
sheep, for they use no wool, nor
pigs, for pork is not eaten ; no don
keys, mules or goats. Some wild
animals are to be found.
The study of the question of feed
is introductory to the study of the
whole science of dairying, and the
farmers of the creamery district in
variably improve in their methods.
When the product is sold each day
farmers become more solicitous
about keeping their cows up to a
high and uniform production, as
the pocket feels it at once when
they fall back. A spirit of enquiry
as to ways and means is provoked.
Because it is merely an adjunct to
the general farm work there is but a
small degree of methodical exact
ness in the management of the
dairy. All the processes, from care
and feeding to the handling of the
milk and making the butter, are
conducted on the hit or miss plain;
it follows that there is a miss in the
gilt edged product.
There is hardly anythihg of the
refuse of the market garden which
cows will not eat with profit. They
will eveu trim the vine of the toma
to, and will well fill the pall at
nl?ht. Men who are' properly situ
ated can not do better than combine
the two industries of gardening and
8on.e cow will be better than
their progenitors, Bome poorer.
Sometimes the dairy becomes in
ferior after breeding for butter. The
secret lies ia selection.
Churn when the cream la ready.
The ferments which produce the
One flavors in butter are short lived,
and are quickly succeeded by others.
The cream which has the proper
ferment in the morning may be
past that point in the afternoon,
and quite another flavor result.
Here is the ground of failure with
A hundred chickens on a large
farm are not enough. A French
man will have 600 on an acre lot,
Prices $18.00 to
and hardly a villager but who pays
his rent with his poultry. Double
profit comes from good breeds. The
poultry interest Is growing, but
there are yet too many scrubs
Every element required for quick
growth and full development in
pullets is found In milk, oat meal,
chopped clover and bran, and in
such well balanced proportions that
the digestive organs will not be
overtaxed In any way. Give all
they will eat.
If buckwheat is sown in July the
blossom comes at a season when
there is little else for the bees to
forage upon, and prolongs the
honey making. Then the grain will
be a most serviceable food for lay
ing hens, and valuable for fattening
As with the dairy, so with poultry
improved appliances bringsucc9ss ;
these consist of the incubator, a
warm house, proper food and wise
care. Pure bred chickens bring the
best results, but, as they breed so
fast, pure bred males will soon
grade up the flock.
It is worth repeating that 1,000
pounds of poultry will cost less than
1,000 pounds of beer, and will sell
for twice as much. Farm poultry
saves from waste much of the shat
tered grain, and destroys myriads
of insects and weed seeds; but do
not let them scratch wholly for a
A good way of making poultry
pay is to always have some ready
for sale. Be ready whenever the
market is ready. Broken rice is a
valuable food for fattening quickly.
By all means get ready for sale all
the cocks not needed for breeding
while they are young and salable.
It is a good plan to pour onion
seed into a vessle of lukewarm
water and let them stand in a warm
place for 10 to 12 hours. No matter
if the seed begin to burst open.
Then dry the seed by sifting fine
ashes over them. If the ground is
properly prepared seed sown in this
way will have no trouble in getting
ahead of the weeds and grass.
Dry manure in the soil about trees
is often injurious rather than help
ful. Apply it in the fall so as to get
advantage of all the rains. Usually
the roots do not come near the sur
face, and if the manure is plowed
under so as to be near them it makes
the subsoil dry, unless enough watf r
penetrates to the roots to begin rot
teningit. It is only thoroughly wet
manure which can help trees.
A fruit plant with roots exposed to
wind and sun will die as soon as a
fish out of water. A plant is a huge
feeder and a hard drinker. Every
little rootlet is a constant sucker,
severely taxing even the best pre
pared soil for its sustenance, while
in that which is poorly prepared it
literally starves to death. It has
an animal nature, and is almost hu
man in its appreciation of care or
It has been declared that every
strawberry plant should produce a
dollar; It would, therefore, behoove
us to be careful in setting them out.
Let no root be exposed, and yet let
no dirt come higher than eveu with
the top of the plant,
The crab apple is to be desired
both for its beauty and Its fruit, and
can be placed where space is lim
ited. Its large pinkish white
flowers in early spring and its val
uable and beautiful fruit entitle it
to a place In our estimation.
A mirror could not lie if it wanted to.
The glass has nothing to gain by flat
tery. If the roses of health and plump
ness of beauty are leaving your face,
your mirror will tell you bo. Health
is the greatest beautiner in the world.
When a woman sees the Indications of
ill-health in the face, she may with
almost absolute certainty look for the
cause in one or both of two conditions
omstipation, and derangement, of
the organs distinctly feminine. ' Dr.
Fierce a Favorite Prescription will cure
permanently and positively any so
called "female comnlalnt." t)r. Pierce's
Pellets will cure constipation. There
is no reason In the world why a woman
should not be perfectly healthy. She
will gain in health, strenth and flesh.
Hollows and angles will give place
to fullness and grace. She will be that
noblest and most beautiful of all crea
tiona perfect woman. Send 21 cents
in one-cent stamps to World's Dis
pensary Medical Association, Huffalo,
. Y and receive Dr. Pierce's KXW page
"Common Sense Medical Adviser," pro
A COLD FRAUD.
ftte Iceman Worked It Skillfully For a
Time, but Wa Caught at Last.
A new bride nd her recently emnncl
rittsi mother, each luckily born with a
sense of humor, met the other day at tho
studio of an even nioro Bohemian Rister
and merrily tried to Boe which could tell
tho biggur story of her experiences. Tho
denf and dumb hallboy who hns eyes in
tho back of his head, tho faithless butcher
and "tho lady who wants washing" had
each furnished a share of an irresistible
quarter of an hour.
"I had always supposed," said tho old
lady as sho rose to go, "that an honest
janitor was tho noblest work of God. I
hnvo coma to tho conclusion that there la
something in tho very air of an apartment
which ia demoralizing to overy ono who
either makes, bakes, brews or in any way
serves tho dwellers therein. Lots of things
my 20 years of housekeeping had prepared
nie for, but I found out a brand 'now
schetno tho other day.
"Ever Binco we went to tho Mario .Toan
nctto to live I had wondered how it was
that wo used as much ioo in our small ico
chest as wo used to in our largo rofriger
ator. I saw tho ico put in each morning,
and tho next morning tho place that knew
it knew it no more. I studied that thing
oft and on for i month before I found my
gay deceiver out. One day I hnppenod to
sit down when talking to tho cook, and I
saw that tho Ico cheat lid soomed tilted up.
I looked In. Thero was a nugf?ot of ico
loft, but nothing tall enough to prevent
tho lid from closing tight. I investigated.
In each hingo of that lid thero was a
match. I took them out. Tho lid went
down Bnug. Tho nioro I thought of it tho
more certain I was that it was not a incro
coincidence that there wcro two of thorn.
When tho icoman enmo that morning, I
watchod out and had tho satisfaction of
Boeing him look surprised when tho lid
went down with a bang under his hand.
Tho next morning wo told him that there
was ice enough, which was true, tho hot
kitchen air being shut out. The next
morning I staid away until ho was gone,
telling Itosn to glvo him tho kitchen to
himself. Tho lid was tilted up the same
old way, but no matches.' I got my glusses
on nnd lighted tho gas, and there, if you
please, in each hlngo wus a little wad of
"What a cold fraud I" said the Bohe
mian Bister, and thereut every woman in
the lot gathered up her raiment and fled to
look into tho vitals of her own household.
And not a pot of them all could call tho
kettle black. It Is a brand new scheme,
but it works. New York Sun.
HER BABY TOOTH.
At Least lie Thinks It Is Hera and That
A St. Louis girl, who lives on Dolmar,
not too far nway from Grand avenue,
brought with her from Canada a fad which
holds sway among tho gilded youth of
Montreal. Thero all tho beaux wear their
swoethearts' baby teeth on their watch
chains. It is a tender tributo to a lovely
and beloved girl, and tho St. Louis maiden
thought she would delight her own admir
er with a token nt once so unique and in
timate. When she asked her mamma if she
had savod ono of her baby teeth, that good
lady informed her that sho had not. Baby
toeth in those days, after having been
jerked out of the mouth with a string tied
to a doorknob, wera not worth much, and
after tho youngster who was relieved of it
got through playing with it it usually
found its way into tho fire with tho sweep
ings or into tho ash box by way of the
' But a tooth a 6woct littlo'baby tooth
this young girl must have, und she con
fided her secret to her dontist. Could he
provide her with onef Yes. Why not? If
she would come the next day, ho would
havo a little pearly tooth ready for hor.
Tho tooth was obtained and tho maidon
carried it down to tho joweler to have It
mounted in fine gold filigree in the shape
of a breloquo to danglo from a watch chain.
The young man is wearing it now with
the pride and dovotion born of a loving
heart. Ho has told tho donor that every
night before ho lays his watch on the bu
reau ho kisses the littlo tooth with which
his beloved had done her first biting. And
sho beware of her has no compunction
about the fond deception, but rather glories
in it, and tolls her girl friends how fond
dear Charley is of her tiny baby tooth.-
St. Louis Republic.
"The Heathen Chinee U peculiar."
Gee Joe speaks boiuo English, and his
remarks are always accompanied by a
bland, childliko siuilo such as Brot Uurte
mentions in his poem about Chinese freo
Ono day the Chinaman wns talking
about religion. "Are you a Christian, Geo
JoeP" asked a lady curiously.
"Oh, yes. I go churchee. I one very
good man. I real Melican man."
"And whero do you go?" askod the lady,
who was charmed to find that tho influ
ences of roligion and civilization hud con
verted the heathen.
"Oh," remarked Joe. "I go Warren
Memorial churcheo now. I Presbyterian,
but when I was in other town I Baptis'. I
fco churchoe whero do me most good. Gee
Joo real Molican man."
And the airy manner in whloh he dis
coursed of tho practical sido of his reli
gion, which was evidently for revenue only,
cast a pall over the good woman, and sho
now questions whether it pnys to convert
such heathen or not. Louisville Times.
"Do you belie vo that it's always tho un
expected that happens?" Inquired Miss
"I wouldn't venture to express myself
on that BUhjoct," replied Willie Washing
ton. "Why not?"
"Because I am too polite to contradict
the girls who, when you propose to them,
Invariably say, 'This is bo Buddunl' "
A Social Affair.
"I'm going out to a little social affair
this evening, my dear. It's- just for mon."
"Will It be a glove affair, my lovef"
He Btarted suddenly and looked at her
suspiciously. Then he comprehended that
she couldn't roally know.
"Yes," he eald, "I believe so." Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Two newsboys In the gallery witness a
performance of "Hamlet." In the last
scene, after Hamlet has killed Laertes
and the king and the queen have died of
poison and Hamlet of a poisoned wound,
one of the newsboys exclaims, "Jim, what
time that must have been for extra spe
cials 1" Tit Bits.
The man who judges other men by the
Clothes they wear la generally about Intel
ligent enough to judge books by their
binding Boston Glob
seem to grow
about the house.
they stick, too unless
makes all cleaning easy.
THE If. K. FAIRBAKK COMPANY,
Mmf & JT f M V.- r M Jhhi. a. ft
Columbia Planing Mill ana Faraitcre Fair?. EstaMisted in 1861.
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb & Bmlth) Manufacturer of and Dealer In
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and promptly attended to. Turning and Scroll
Sawing of every variety. Stair Bailing, Balusters, Newell Posts.
I have always on hand a large stock of Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will eell on the most advantageous terms.
A full 8iipplyf Brick always on hand.
-FRANK H. SMITH. cot.,,, te.
And dealers in all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Kobes, etc. Bodies embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at all hours, day or night.
Elegant New Hearse "
Office and Sales Room corner Sixth and
Nona rime and New, ' OdiU and Kudu,
Wise and Otherwise.
Simkins "I understand that Miss
Anteck brought 6ui for damages
against young'Boftleigh for casting
reflections upon her." Simkins
"8o she did ; but she lost her case."
S'mkins "She did ; eh? What was
Softleigh's defense?" Simkins
"Oh, he proved to the Batisfaction
of the jury that he wasn't bright
enough to cast a reflection."
"Where are you going, my pretty
maid?" "I'm going a-biking, sir,
she said. "There's no bell on your
wheel, though, my pretty maid."
"When I mount there will be one,
sir," she said.
It is said that one of the largest
orders ever placed by any publisher
in any magazine is that lately given
McClure's by the R. S. Peale Com
pany In behalf of the Warner
Library advertising, which, it is
asserted, reads for one hundred
pages of space to be used within one
year at a cost of $24,000.
Rhe He kissed me, and then I
told him to tell no one.
He And what did he do?
"Why, it wasn't two minutes be
fore he repeated it."
A physician fays if a child doesn't
thrive on fresh milk it should be
boiled. We suppose the ; doctor
knows his business, but it's pretty
tough on the child.
A corner in the market is seldom
Matrimonial matches are frequent
ly lighted on money boxes.
The powder-puff gets 'Into nearly
all the latest feminine wrinkles.
Some men are born tired and some
seem to have been born for the pur
pose of making others tired.
The world is full of people to-day
who are on the lookout for an oppor
tunity to do unto others what they
are very careful others do not return
"Bredren," said Rev. Rastus Sty
gian, "doan fo'git de words ob de
Scriptures: 'Marriage am ordained
in Heaben, but dere shall be
weepin', and wailln' and ganashun
of de molars."'
"War!" exclaimed the ardent pa
triot with spirit. "Yes, sir; it Bhould
be declared right off, and if my eye
sight wasn't bad and I hadn't a con
stitutional affection of the heart and
could hear plainly, I'd go fight to
morrow." "Strike while the iron ia hot" is
good advice, but Cromwell's amend
ment "make the iron hot by strik
ing it" is better. If you sit around
and wait for the iron to heat itself,
you may lose a chance to strike.
Men of war in time of peace are
men of peace in time of war.
"Everything bears an aspect of
war these days."
"Yes; even the babies are up in
Spiegel Grove, Indiana, the home
of the late President R. B. Hayes
was advertised to ue old at Sheriff's
sale April 11 to satisfy a judgment
of $5,000. The damages was for in
jury sustained by Mrs. Addie Smith
in a runaway caused by the Hayes
family dog. J
The world's population, according
to the latest statistic?, is 1,535 000
000. an increase of 23,000,000 over' the
estimate for im. An increase in
the United States of 2.800,000 gives a
total population of 7-,.300,000.
on the woodwork
They come easily and
you get rid of them with
Louis. Hew Voric
and careful drivers. Orders
respectfully solicited. Charges
Main Streets. Citizens' Telephone 45.
Best Offer Made
for Good Reading.
The Columbia Herald,
Both for one year, and
"Got. Bob Taylor's Tales,"
All for $1.25,
Cash in advance !
You can't afford to miss all this
good reading at the astonishingly
low price of $1.25 a year, or less thaa
2 cents a week.
Are you willing to deprive your
family of a recurring pleasure twice
every week in the year, when the
aggregate is only the pitiful sum of
Perhaps you havn't seen one of
Gov. Taylor's books. If they
couldn't be bought for less they are
worth that money themselves. Call
at the IIebald office and see a copy.
You will wonder then how so much
can be furnished you for so little. '
8tart the New Year by accepting
this offer, and every time The
Herald or the Commercial Ap
peal comes, which will be oncef,a
week for each, or 104 papers in the
year, you and your family will
thank us for calling your attentioa
to so good a thing.
Call at this office, or Address
COLUMBIA MARKET REPOBT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Cotton 4U(!h Vs
lJ!?m' ,rm WBg0n " 20
1 103 16
FeatheraV....... ; ; m M
Wool 5a S
lD a 00622V
Shoulders 5 -
Clear sides 51
Field Seed a.
Crimson Clover 0.
Blus Grass .1 0?
Orchard Grass . ! ' " - " 25,8 ?22
Timothy W ft
Red Top 7g
Grain and Hay.
Hay-lciover,' from wairon' ' " finS ?L
& granu,.ted ::::::::56
MeaLTommiii ::::::::::::;:; -gg g