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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, MAKCIl 25, 1S98.
We Want Everybody to Know
(WE ALREADY KNOW)
That our Stock Hardware, Impliments, Crockery and Stoves
and TINWARE is the largest and best selected In the city. FORTY PER CENT is no small gain,
yet our business shows more than this increase over 1807. We want to keep up this pace and propose
to save you money if you traae witn us: ,
OUIt CROCKERY DEPARTMENT shows too many fine French and German China Dinner Sets. You know
the Dingley tarifl advanced these. We will close them out regardless of the advance. Fine Cham
ber Bets. Overstocked on these. Get our prices, they are money savers.
TINWARE. We are selling first-class tinware, stamped and piece ware just a? cheap as you can buy inferior
grades. 10 quart dish pans 10c ; 14 quart dish pans, 15c; 12 quart buckets, 20c; 9 quart buckets 12c;
0 quart buckets 10c.
SEWING MACHINES. We have
$25.00. Warranted from 5
Going to buy a wheel this year?
We keep them in all sizes, 24,
20 and 28 inch wheels, and we
sell such well known wheels as
Let us show them to you. Big
reduction in prices.
We also keep a full line of Bicycle
Sundries. Wheels repaired.
Agricultural and Live
Potash and phosphorus are usual
ly deficient in stable manure, and
its decay in the soil promotes late
growth of fibre, which is not desir
able in fruit trees nor shrubs; but
for corn and for a top dressing for
colver the results prove it most bene
ficient. If the farm is large enough to
divide, better share it with the
children as they mature than to
drive them off to other fields. A
man can often do better on what he
has left than he could upon the
whole farm after the boys are gone.
There is a difference between
mulching and smothering growing
clover. Perhaps no better mulch
can be provided than to sow rye as
a protecting crop, and let it fall
down over the clover. If there are
no pigs to eat the rye, let the crop
go for the sake of a good stand of
All land sown to wheat should be
sown to clover. If but one season's
growth is to be expected, this short
growth will be worth quadruple the
cost of the seed. A clover sod of
one season's growth is much superi
or to wheat stubble only for plowing
unaer ror corn.
Induce the children to acquaint
tnemseives with the names and the
habits of every bird about the farm,
and to learn all their good and bad
traits. When they have done this
they will recognize many of them as
friends, and will treat them accord
Pans of charcoal set on the shelves,
ledges or floor of a damp cellar
which can not be thoroughly venti
lated will make the air pure and
sweet. If a large basketful of the
charcoal be placed in such a cellar
where milk J9 kept there will be
little danger of its becoming tainted
A good road will increase the sell
ing value or a farm; perhaps more
than the increased taxes will be. It
will be discouraging if your real
estate agent has to advise you to
wait until the roads settle before he
brings you a buyer.
A few garden vegetables, a little
fruit, a few pounds of butter or a few
dozens of eggs every week, with a
few extra crops at various seasons,
may amount to more in a year than
one large special crop of grain or
cotton, and it can be produced with
out employing extra labor at high
prices, and without keeping extra
teams which must be idle most of
The farm offers work for hired
help for only a few months, and at a
time when least is required for sub
sistence, and this drives the good
and energetic hand to seek employ
ment in the cities, where work is to
be found the year around. It might
often pay to keep them through the
winter if only to make brooms for
Clover always does its best the
second year after sowing, and there
is a waste of time and consequent
loss to allow it to occupy the land a
longer time. In a three year rota
tion of corn, wheat and clover the
latter will be found to be the most
When a farmer learns that a clo
ver sod is the best sod after which
to plant any grain crop, he will be
gin to sow clover and to care for it
as it should be cared for. It has
often no chance. The ground is too
poor, or after the grain is cut it is
allowed to grow up in weeds, or it is
Killed by the tramping or the stocK
and is altogether a sickly stand
which the winter settles over. In
such circumstances do men begin to
doubt as to the advisability of sow
There should be a strong paddock
outside the stable where the stallion
can take daily exercise. Do not
keep him too fat during the winter
To a moderate quantity of grain let
there be added well cured corn fod
der instead of hay.
Is there any way in which you can
grow two hundred dollars' worth of
farm products with less labor, less
capital and better profits than by
raising a nrfrt-class draft horse?
From the age of two and a half
years a well bred colt, properly fed
and handled, should be able to do
enough work about the farm to pay
added to our stock a first-class line of
to 10 years.
for his keeping just that kind
light work which Is sufficient
give him the needed exercise. '
come men expect a iuu Diooa sire
to produce a colt after his own style
and finish, without any regard to
the fact that the mare is of no style
or type whatever. It is not well to
let your expectations outrun your
The coach stallions which were
ust being introduced when the
panic came, when bred to good trot-
me brea mares, nave given me
highest priced harness horses, but
there are so few of them. It is a
wonder that farmers did not keep
up their courage in this line at least.
From every state comes tne same
report practically no breeding for
four or five years; yet the cities con
tinue to grow and the foreign traae
has increased, requiring more ana
better horses each succeeding year.
The best have been picked up, and
in many cases the brood mares nave
Give the hogs as good care as any
other fetock. Do not go on the
theory that anything is good enough
for a hog. Anything wnicn comes
handy for a feed will never bring
the hogs to a profitable market
Dish water is not a very hearty feed,
neither la mouldy corn as good as
that which is sound.
Hosts breed so rapidly that there
is no excuse for any farmer to keep
those which are of mongrel breeds.
The poorest farmer can at least
afford to own a thoroughbred pig
and to breed all his sows to it.
When we bed a dozen pigs with
straw which we can not sell, that
straw brings us more than 50 cents a
hundred weight. The pigs will eat
more or less of it, and the rest will
be trampled into the dirt so that it
will catch and retain the liquid ma
nure. Several tons can be thus con
verted during a winter. It is only
by such little measures that one gets
the full benefit from keeping hogs,
or any other stock.
A prominent breeder of hogs says
that for 10 years he has been forced
to dispose of his hogs at $5 a hundred,
and he has kept a careful record
Those who have stuck to the business
right through have had but little
reason to complain of the result.
The average is good.
A hoir fed at a fair profit until it
reaches 200 pounds will be fed at a
loss soon after passing that point, and
if fed to 350 or 400 pounds all profit will
be destroyed. A certain amount or
food being required to make a gain
on a hog of 35 pounds, it will re
quire 4 per cent, more food with a
hog of 70 pounds to make the same
gain, 14 per cent, more with one
weighing 125 pounds, 22 per cent.
more on hogs of 225 pounds, and 70
per cent, more on those weighing
Never permit a piece of ground to
lie idle because it is rough. Stock
it with sheep, and they will at least
pay the interest and taxes.
A sick sheep, like a sick hen, is
hardly worth bothering with all
the greater reason that we should
take especial pains to keep them in
Many level headed farmers have
kept their faith in the poor, despised
sheep, despite the low prices in re
cent years. Sheep will both feed
and clothe a man, which is more
than can be said of other farm
A farmer can not always have
thing his own way, and should
look at all sides of a problem. The
Erice of wool should not influence
iin overmuch in his decision a9 to
keeping sheep, for if he has a good,
large mutton sheep he is sure of a
It is fair to credit a sheep with a
few extras now and then. They
will keep the clover cropped closely,
and if this is done through the early
part of the summer the seed crop
will be heavier from the late growth
than by any other manner of hand
A sheep kept on starvation rations,
even a part of the time, will not
yield a irood fleece. It takes food to
make wool as well as to make flesh.
If growing sheep wholly or mainly
'lor wool, it i just as necessary
machines. Prices $18.00 to
feed well as if the main object was
All coarse fodder is more valuable
for manure after it has passed
through an animal. In ordinary
circumstances no farmer should
neglect feeding a certain number of
sheep, if for no other reason than to
consume and to convert into manure
the roughness which would other
wise be wasted.
One virtue of the creamery has
been that it has drawn the attention
of the farmer to the good or bad
quality of his cows. It has taught a
discrimination in the capabilities
of cows for supplying in quality and
quantity milk which beat pays for
It ought not to be in any neigh
borhood that when a good milch
cow is wanted it is necessary to go
out on a still hunt and investigate a
dozen before one is found suitable.
He who sets about intelligently
breeding a high graded lot of
milkers for the trade will build
The last quart of milk given by a
cow is three times as rich in fats as
the first one; and not to strip a cow
clean is to doubly lose, for the neg
lect dries the cow, and here a large
loss is soon manifest.
The heifer with her first calf is
but half a cow, and few are ready to
buy her; yet if she is of good blood
aud well cared for she will grow in
value faster than any other stock on
the farm. Even her objectionable
small teats will become developed
with careful handling.
The man who has the milking of
the cow the first year determines her
value as a milker ever afterward.
It needs thorough, careful men to
develop heifer into good cows for
market, and such men are scarce.
Such a calling is likely to bo for a
long time a profitable one.
Experiments tend to show that
"milk sickness," is the result of cer
tain germs taken into the systen of
the animal through dead and decay
ing vegetation found on rich, moist
land in summer and fall. Only an
abnormal taste will cause them to
eat it; and yet the fact remains that
a fence may separate safe and dead
ly grounds. We doubt if the problem
is yet solved.
Barrenness in the orchard may be
due to a lack of pruning, or perhaps
a lack of food; it may be that drain
ing is needed, or a cultivation which
will break up the soil turf. A com
bination of all these remedies may
be demanded, and no bad result can
come from resorting to them all.
There is no better winter mulch
for strawberries than the coarse
manure of cornstalks with which
the stock has been bedded. This
contains no seed, and the melting
snows reach the richness which has
been absorbed in the stable and
carry it down to the very roots of
Apply common whitewash, in
which a little sulphur has been
mixed, to trees to destroy insects
and fungus on the bark. A little
soot added will give it a dark color.
Of course, the Bordeaux mixture of
copper sulphate aud quick-lime will
answer the same purpose.
Nut bearing trees are often slow
in coming into bearing because in
poor ground. In good soil most
varieties are In good bearing con
dition in eight or ten years, which
is about all we can say of many
To keep the earth firmly in posi
tion on banks tne v nginia creeper
and tne Japanese Honeysuckle are
good vines. These vines root as
they grow, forming thickets of
Evergreens should never be set
near the house; but they are useful
wind-breaks at the north and west,
if set in clumps or hedges. Grass
does not grow well under them, and
there is a continual dropping of
cones, which are unsightly and in
terfere with the mower. Many other
kinds of shade trees are often not
set out to the best advantage.
We are anxious to do a little good In
this world and can think of no pleasant
er or better wav to do it than bv reC'
ommending One Minute Cough Cure as
a preventive or pneumonia, consump
tion and other serious lunir troubles
that follow neglected colds. A. B
PATIENCE AM) PKUSEVEKENCE.
It Takes Time and Patience for the For
mation of Character.
These characteristics may exist
separately, but they must be take i
together if they are of the greatest
possible service in accomplishing
our purposes in life. The French
have a proverb which says, "All
things come to the one who can
wait;" and there are people of such
complete patience that they can sit
down with submissively foldect
hands and wait for the good things
of this world to find their way to
them. They are serene, comforta
ble, easygoing people, who take
things as they come, with perfect
faith that the right thing will come
afcer a while if they only stay where
they are and wait for it. If misfor
tune comes, they take it in the same
serene spirit, without exerting them
selves very much to improve it, be
cause to-day must give place to to
morrow and to-morrow will bring
somethiagils?, and by and by the
thing they most desire will come
without any special effort on their
part. These are the people of wl
we say: "They are good, but t
are good for nothing." They escape
much of the disappointment and
sorrow of life, bnt they are never
found in the front ranks of the great
army of progress. Their names are
never enrolled among those who
have done noble deeds for the eleva
tion of their race, for the general
good of mankind.
In contrast with the patient wait
ers we have the impatient workers,
and the one is as likely to fall short
of the best good in life as the other.
Some may have zeal and persever
ance to work; but for lack of the
necessary patience to wait for time
to mature their plans, ripen their
thought, and bring about the ful
fillment of their desires, their efforts
are lost and their live3 wasted. They
attack their work with zeal and ear
nestness, but there is also a feverish
impatience to see the end before the
beginning is well made. They have
no present pleasure in to-day's du
ties; but with their eyes fixed upon
to-morrow, next week, next year,
they work with feverish haste.
There is lack of dignity and power
about them. They fret and worry
because the results of their efforts
are not evident at once; they chafe
under the delay ; they have not pa
tience to give one method a thorough
trial before they fly to another; and
so their strength ana time are
wasted, their lives spent in unfruit
ful toil. We have all heard the im
patient complaints of these people.
They say : "I don't see how it is. I
work twice as hard as Mr. Smith or
Mrs. Jones, but see how it is with
them; they succeed, while I fail;
they get rich, while I remain poor.
work and work and work, but
nothing ever coitips of it; and I
should be just as w-ll off to spend my
days in idleness. Some people will
have the good things of this world,
no matter how little they do; and
others must do without, no matter
how much they do.
The difference lies in the way it is
done. Isot work alone will bring
success in lite; it is intelligent, well
directed, patient, persevering effort
which tells in the long run. We
must know, lirst of all, what we
want to make of our lives; then we
must be willing to spend our entire
lifetime, if necessary, in working
for its accomplishment, not waiting.
We must realize that every moment
counts, that every effort tells; and
if we have set our hearts upon that
which is highest and best, it is
worth everything it costs. If Co
lumbus had sat down and waited for
some one to offer him money and
men and ships for his contemplated
voyage in quest of the unknown
land, America would yet have been
a wilderness or some one else had
the glory of its discovery.
Haste makes waste of life as well
as of otner things, i he restless, mi
patient toil of to-day is evident in
nervous, worn-out men ana women
and in work imperfectly done. It
takes time and patience to do any
thing well, from the formation of
character to the building of a house;
and the poorest economy is that
which endeavors to save time or
money or labor in laying the founda
tion. Little by little, day by day,
the work must be done. It may be
we cannot eee farther than the
duties of to-day, and even then fail
to understand their bearing upon
the end to be accomplished. It is
just here that our faith must come
in, and we must be satisfied to do
them and wait to learn their mean
ing after while. After all, these
things are not so hard if one has not
made a mistake in the beginning.
If we love our work; if we have
chosen the thing which more than
all others we are fitted to do; if we
have faith in ourselves and in our
work, then we will have no higher
pleisure than the consciousness that
every day we are giving it the best
effort of which we are capable, and
that satisfaction, combined with our
assurance or ultimate success, if we
are faithful, will make it easy to
wait while we work. Youth's Advo
A card on the outside of office door
says : "(lone to lunch, lie back in ten
ninntes." And the man will be there
on time. That is, for some days, weeks
or even months, he will. Then he will
be at home occasionally for a day. He'll
tell you he had a headache, a turn of
cholera morbus, or maybe he'll say he
had a lump in his stomach and
felt too miserable to move. The lump
was probably two or three ten-minute
lunches condensed. The man who
"holts" his lunches will find Dr. Pierce's
Pleasant Pellets the best friend he ever
met. There is no case of biliousness,
constipation, indigestion, heart-burn
or any of the rest of the night-mare
breeding brood, that these little Pellets
will not cure. They cure permanently
Send zl cents in one-cent stamps to
World's Dispensary Medical Associa
tion, Buffalo, N. Y and receive Dr
Pierce's 1008 page Common Sense Med
ical Adviser, profusely illustrated.
Clara: well, aunt, have your photo
graphs come irom Mr. snappescnotte s
Miss Maydeval (angrily): Yei, and
they went back, too, with a note ex
pressing my opinion of his impudence
gracious: nai was itr"
"Why, on the back of every pietur
were these words: 'The original of thi
is carefully preserved.'" Tid Bits.
large package of the wotM's best eWnwr
for a nickel. Mill greater economy in 4-pound
packago. All grocers. Made only by
' THE N. K. FAIRBJVNK COMPAXY,
Chicago. St. Louis, Neiv York, Boston, Philadelphia.
Colirtia Plaiiui Mill ail Firaitajattiiry. Estallisttf ii 1867.
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lnmb A Smith) Manufacturer of and Dealer in
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS,
Orders from dealers solicited and
Sawing of every variety
I have always on hand a large stock of
Sash, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will
A full 8uppl)of Brick always
And dealers in all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Robes, etc. Bodies embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at all hours, day or nigbt.
Elegant New Hearse XX$lJtS XS:
Office and Sales Room corner Sixth and Main Streets. Citizens' Telephone 45.
Nonsense anil New, Odd and Kudu,
AVIko and Otherwise.
The way to be nothing is to do
A3 riches and favor forsake a man
we discover him to be a fool, but
nobody could find it out in his pros
Columbus Alexander, who has
ut died at the age of 61 years, in
Alexandria, Va., was one of the four
nrors who stood out for the acquit
tal of John H. Surratt, charged with
participation in the assassination of
The err is human and to stick
is still more so.
'Boys," said a teacher in a Sun-
day-school, "can any of you quote a
verse from scripture to prove that It
is wrong for a man to have two
He paused, and after a moment or
two a bright boy raised his hand.
"Well, Thomas, ' said the teacher
encouragingly. Thomas stood up
and said :
"No man can serve two masters."
As soon as a man falls into debt in
Siam the creditor can seize his per
son and keep him as a slave.
Should the debtor run away, his
wife and children, his father or
other relatives are liable to be
Helen Don't you think my new
bonnet is a perfect dream?
Mattie It's more than a dream,
dear; it's a genuine nightmare.
She who does good to another,
does also good to herself; not only in
the consequence, but in the very act.
of doing it ; for the consciousness of
well-doing is an ample reward. Lx.
"Are you not alarmed at the ap2
proach of the king of terrors" said a
minister to a dying man. "Oh, no!
I have been living six and thirty
years with the queen of terrors the
king cannot be much worse. '
Bing: Yes, that's old Spriggings.
Half-a-dozen doctors have given
him up at various times during his
Wing: What was the trouble with
Bing: He wouldn't pay his bills.
"I don't know whether or not the
women are arming for tne iray.
said the perfumery clerk; "but we
have sold quite a lot or powder of
"Anybody call to see me while I
was out?" asked Cripps.
"o, sir," replied his office boy;
"but your wife was here."
The editor of a New York yellow
journal has gone crazy. Small won
der; he had to read his paper.
He If I should kiss you what
would you do?
bbe (startled) I never measure
an emergency until It arises.
He if this emergency arose now.
how would you meet it.
bhe (courageously) Face to face.
Mrs. Reader What are the dead
languages, my dear?
Mr. Header Oh, they are proba
bly the ones that women have talk
ed to death.
Are You Weak I
Weakness maiuiesu itself in the loss of
ambition and aching bones. The blood is
watery ; the tissues are wasting the door is
beineopened for dissase. A bottle of Browns
Iron Bitters taken in time will restore your
strength, soothe your nerves, make your
blood rich and red. Do you more jnod
than an expenw ve special course of medicine.
Browns' Iron Bitter is sold by all dealers.
promptlv attended to
Hailing, Balusters, Newell routs.
. . r-
Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
sell on the most advantageous terms.
Q i 1DQ
is 1 iuu
Best Offer Hade
for Good Heading.
The Columbia Herald,
Both for one year, and
"Got. Bob Taylor's Tales,'
All for $1.25,
Cash in advance !
You can't afford to miss all this
good reading at the astonishingly
low price of $1.25 a year, or less thar
2 cents a week.
Are you willing to deprive your
family of a recurring pleasure twice
every week in the year, when the
aggregate is only the pitiful sum of
Perhaps you havn't seen one of
Gov. Taylor's books. If they
couldn't be bought for less they are
worth that money themselves. Call
at the Herald office and see a copy.
You will wonder then how bo much
can be furnished you for so little.
Start the New Year by accepting
this offer, and every time The
Herald or the Commercial Ap
peal comes, which will be oncea
week for each, or 104 papers In the
year, you and your family will
thank us for calling your attentioa
to so good a thing.
Call at this office, or Address
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Cotton 44 5u
Sorghum, from wagon 18 20
Butter 10 15
Wool 6ft 25
Ginseng 2 002 25
Ducks " is
Clear sides 6
Hams 645 "7
Crimson Clover 3J50
Blue Grass i;25l 50
Orchard Grass K-iO
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
Wheat m P
Corn 3tK 35
Oats 40 45
ay Clover, from wagon .... 50 ' rO
Timothy ,f rom wagon 603 65
Lard, from wagon T5aT"6
Flour, per bbl U 7505 50
Suarar, granulated !'5 6
Conee Itb'di J20
Meal. from mill 40(945