Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 198.
NEWS AND COMMENT.
It's free Cuba or fight Spain.
Floods throughout the Middle
States have done much damage.
Kansas Populists are booming
John G. Ingalls as a candidate for
Thk Marrlam Park Bank at St.
Paul, Mlnu., with a capital of $50,00o,
Hon. Z. W. KwiNtt, of Giles, has
decided that he will not be a candi
date for Circuit Judge.
james J. uohbbtt is to be a can
didate for Congress from one of the
New York city districts.
BLOWN UP RRFflT MKAPPMNTMPNT
wiift.il UIUIII Ulll I lllbll I
Bl AMINE. ANn P.flWnFMrJATinW
WllU&alllllll I IU 111
Court's Report on the The President's Action Meets With Severe Criticism
from Every Source.
Confined to Simple Facts
in Maine Case.
responsibility is not fixed. M'KINLEY, IT IS SAID, IS MAKING CONCESSIONS TO SPAIN
Verdict Keauhed by the Court After
J'ully Iuvngtigatinf; all PosMlble Causes
Could Not Have Been of Internal
Chicago haB put an end to more
sky-scrapers. Buildings hereafter
must be no higher than 130 feet.
Tom Watson has declined the
Populist nomination for governor of
Georgia. Watsou says he Is out of
John 8. Hopkins, cashier of the
Peoples' Bank at Philadelphia, be
ing short in his accounts, com
Wm. E. Gladstone is said to be
slowly dyingof a cancerous growth
involving the bone tissues back of
the nasal passages.
A Nebeaska highway robber,
who held up three men and got ten
cents, has been sentenced to the
penitentiary for fifteen years.
' Ex-Senatoh J. C. 8. Blackburn,
of Kentucky, suffered a stroke of
paralysis last Friday, at bis home
in Washington. He is now im
Dr. John Watson, "Ian Mac-
Laren," writer of "Beside the Bon
nie Brier Bush," will be called to
answer the charge of heresy at the
Liverpool Synod, April 25.
On last Thursday, eulogies on the
life and character of the late Sena
tor Isham G. Harris were delivered
in the Senate. Senators Bate, Tur
ley, Walthall, Hoar, Morrill and
others delivered addresses.
The drug trust case In which
several wholesale druggists of Nash
ville are indicted for engaging in i
trust to advance and control the
prions of drugs came up in the
Criminal Court last Saturday, and
was continued until to-morrow.
In ExchanKe for a Few Lying Promise Which Will Nev-r Be Kent "Mar Allow"
the United Statei to Feed the Cubans If He Will "Allow" Spain
to Carry on Iti Slaughter a While Longer Congress.
However, I Determined to Free Culm.
The President Invoke Congress to De
liberate Action. Finding of Hoard 1 1 a
Been Mndo Known to the Uovernmnnt
Washington, March 28. The fol
lowing is a full synopsis of the find
ing of the Court of Inquiry, accom
panying the testimony which was
heard before it:
First That the United States bat
tleship Maine arrived in the harbor
of Havana, Cuba, on the 25ih day of
January, 1898, and was taken to buoy
No. 4, in from five and one-hall to
six fathoms of water, by the regular
Second Discipline aboard the
ship was excellent; everything stow
ed away according to orders ammu
nltion, guns, etc. The temperature
f the magazine at 8 p. m. was nor
mal except in the after ten-inch
magazine, and that did not explode,
On the night of the destruction of
the Maine everything had been re
ported secure for the night at 8
o'clock by reliable persons, through
the proper authorities, to the com
manding officer. At the tune the
Maine was destroyed the ship was
quiet, and, therefore, least liable to
accident caused by movements from
those on board.
Third The destruction of the
Maine occurred at 9:40 p. in. on the
15th day of Feb-uary, 1808, in the
harbor of Havana, Cuba, she being
at, the time moored to the same buoy
to which she had beea taken upon
The first explosion was more in
the nature of a report, like that of a
Washington, March 28. It seems that surprising concessions have
been made by the Government at Madrid and the Government a Wash
ington. Just what these concessions are it is not yet reliably known, but
it is believed that Spain has agreed to almost everything excepting eur
1 . , m . ... . ...
renuenng ner control oi uuoa ana the administration to everything ex
cepting the recognition of Cuban independence.
What reparation, it any, Spaiu is going to ' make for , the loss of the
Maine and the Americans who went down with her, we are not informed,
and how the struggllng.Cuban patriots are to be benefitted by this tempo
rary patched-up peace, it is hard to conjecture.
All we know to-night is that so far as the President is concerned,
Spain is to be given more time to constitute a government in Cuba that
will be acceptable to the Insurgents. This will be love's labor lost on the
part of Spain and only postpones the Inevitable.
mi i t . . .. .. i . .
ine change in me situation tnrougn tne tender ot opaln to grant a
liberal government on the lines of the Republic of France is not regarded
as sincere by members of Congress and other leading man here. It is be
lieved to be a move to gain time for adding to the preparations for resist
irig intervention on the part of the United 8tates.
wny snouiu epain wisn ior tne assent or the united States or any
other nation in forming a government in one of its provinces if it meant
to be fair and just?
Moreover, the proffers of autonomy heretofore made have been re
jected by the Cuban insurgents, who have declared time and again for the
last three years that nothing short of ausolute independence would satisfy
or induce them to lay down their arms. They believe that independence
Is now within their grasp, and, assured of the sympathy of the people
of this country and hopeful for the active Intervention of this Govern
ment, they will not accept any term1? that will be offered by Spain which
will continue Spanish domination of the Island ; and In view of the duration
mi n . n. Ill la rha iw wiM .1 il avnldaifn wrna
KU . TT IIIID bllO ODWllU QAUKiaivu nttD J , . . ,, A , . I I .. ...
more open, prolonged and a greater w mo ouuggio wicj u o iUauc, mo icuium ouuenuga mey
volume. This second exploslou was, have endured and terrible deaths that have come to many thousands, and
now with the beacon of liberty In sight, it Is Impossible that they can be
expected to do otherwise than continue, cruel and savage as is the warfare
of Spain against them, and frightful as it Is to contemplate that many
more Innocent non-combatants will be slaughtered and thousands more
will suffer that agonizing death of starvation, until the flag of free Cuba
floats over the island.
Emile Zola, the French novelist,
has agreed to come to the United
States and deliver a series of lec
tures. Zola has been permitted to
take an appeal from his conviction,
and the time of his visit to America
will depend upon the result.
Hon. Benton McMillin says he
is in favor of a railroad commission
and the proper assessment, taxation
and regulation of railroads in Tenn
essee, and that he is for several re
forms, upon all of which he will
shortly declare himself from the
The Sycamore Powder mills, in
Cheatham county, exploded Tues
day morning. Four of the com
pany's buildings were blown to
atoms, and four workmen were in
jured,' one probably ' fatal. The
shock of the explosion was felt for
twenty-five miles around.
In the opinion of the court, caused
bv the partial explosion oi two or
more of the forward magazines of
Fourth The court can form no de
finite opinion of the condition of the
wreck from the divers' evidence,
although it was established that the
atterpart or the snip was practical
ly intact, and sank in that condi
tion in a very few minutes after the
destruction of the forward part.
Fifth Technical details of
wreckage, from which court de
duces that the explosion was caused
by a mine situated under the bottom
of the ship and somewhat on the
Sixth The court finds that the
loss of the Maine on the occasion
named was not in any respect due
to the fuult or negligence on the part
oi any ot the orncers or members or
the crew of the said vessel.
Seventh In the opinion of the
court the Maine was destroyed by
the explosion or a submarine mine,
which caused the partial explosion
of two or more of her forward maga
.EighthThe court has been un
able to obtain evidence fixing the
responsibility for the destruction of
the Maine upon any person or per
The report is unanimous and is
signod by all members of the court,
Congress M ill Not Have This Dilly-Dalljing.
In the Democratic primary elec
tion held in Williamson County,
Saturday, for the nomination of
County officers, the following were
successful: County Court Clerk, T.
J; Wallace, present incumbent; Cir
cuit Court Clerk, Lee Ridley Trus
tee,Capt. W. T. Ridley; Sheriff, E
W. Church; Register, Lee S. Mc-
The Secretary of the Interior has
sent to the House an estimate call
ing for appropriations of more thau
$8,000,000, to meet a deficiency In the
pension funds. Of this amount
$2,000,000 is credited to the lack of
last year's appropriations and the
other $0,000,000 to large increases,
restorations and uew pensions
What will it be with another war to
add to the pension roll?
The following dispatch was sent
out from Memphis last Friday:
"The Republicans are going to make
a vigorous effort to capture the state
offices, says Chairman Dutro, of the
Bepublican County Executive Com
mittee, and he mentions Newell
Sanders, John E. McCall and George
N.Tillman as probable gubernato
rial candidates, but the programme
is ssid to be for the gold-Democrats
to nominee Josiah Patterson and
the Republicans to iDdorse him
ML AIM) IX DEATH-LIKE SILENCE.
The reform lung of the Nashville
Banner Is now in active eruption
again. This is the lung that took a
vacation while the constitutional
convention question was up for dis
cussion. Memphis Couimercial-Ap
The Columbia Herald very pert
inently says that in jNew York or
Boston or Chicago an orator must
speak several different languages in
order to be understood . by. all his)
hearers, but in the South we know
but one country and speak but one
tongue. Dyersburg State Gazette.
If the name of the newly purchas
ed Amazonas is to be changed, we
must insist that it be called the
Mary Yellln Lease. Memphis Commercial-Appeal.
Billy Mason's determination to
fight by proxy is wise. In this
emergency the republic can not
spare Billie. Memphis Commer
If Gov. Taylor goes to the front he
ought to appoint Sam Jones chap
lain. Chattanooga News.
The voters of Tennessee are very,
very tired of machine made nom
inees and are going to demand plat
forms that are unequivocal and can
didates who will be as anxious to do
their duty as officers as they were
solicitous to be elected. A little
old-fashioned honesty would go a
long way with the parties and
politicians of Tennessee at this writ
ing. Bristol Courier. .
Hon. Z. W. Ewing has decided
not to enter the race for Circuit
Judge. Pulaski Citizen.
Shooting at the Jail.
Hark Brown, a negro who runs the
furnace at the jail, and Will Smith,
a negro "trusty," became engaged in
a difficulty lust Saturday morning.
The two npgroes were separated and
Smith started away, when Brown
pulled a pistol and fired, the ball
striking Smith in the shoulder and
inflicting a painful but not danger
ous wound. Brown was arrested
and placed in jail.
But the peace policy does not suit Congress, and sooner or later it will
declare for Cuban independence In thunderous tones. The rumbling com
menced to-day, and the storm may burst at any hour.
There was only one topic discussed around the Capitol to-day, and
that was the President's message. With perhaps one or two exceptions
the message was criticised as being weak and not what the American peo
pie had reason to expect from the executive. The opinion Ws almost
unanimous that the message would prove a flat failure. The most severe
criticism, strange to say, cme from the Republican side of the House
where it was openly charged the President had thrown the fat Into the fire
As previously stated in these dispatches, the only policy thus far out
lined by the President is that of delay, but to-day's oinmnt on the mes
sage clearly shows that Congress is tired of delay and wants decided
There are many members and Senators who believe that war will re
sult in the end, and in their opinions, it would be more effective to de
clare war now than to wait until Spain could be better prepared for it.
The latest story circulated around the Capitol this afternoon is that
Spain will request that the Maine incident be submitted to an inter
national tribunal for investigation and that she will abide by whatever
decision is reached.. She will claim that her Board of Inquiry is as
worthy of belief as the Board of Inquiry appointed by the United States,
and that being true, she is entitled to have the matter submitted to an in
ternational tribunal for report. This is the latest phase of the, case.
While the President might accept such a proposition it's doubtful if it
would meet the sanction of Congress.
Washington, March 28. A scene
of intense interest was presented in
the Senate to-day when the Presi
dent's message transmitting the
findings of the Maine Court of In
quiry was received.
1 he galleries were packed to the
doors and the- attendance of Sen
ators was quit as large as it has
been at any time during the present
The reading of the massage in the
House was listened to with breath
less interest by the members and
the spectators in the galleries who
were crowded like sardines in a box.
The message N confled to the sim
ple statement of facts in the Maine
case, being in substance a repetition
of the Court of Inquiry report, and
concludes as follows:
'I have directed that the finding
of the Court of Inquiry and the
views of this Government thereon
be communicated to the Govern
ment of Her Majesty, the Queen.
and I do not permit myself to doubt
that the sense of Justice of the
Spanish nation will dictate a course
of action suggested by honor and
the friendly relations of the two
"It will be the duty of the Execu
tive to advise the Congress of the
result, and in the meantime de
liberate consideration is invoked.
"Executive Mansion, Mar. 28, '98 "
Congressman Cox is to have strong
opposition for renomination. Car-
mack will go back to congress from
the Tenth if unseated by Patterson
most assuredly, if not, he will go
back any way. John Wesley
Gaines, of the Nashville district,
will likely have no opposition ; Rich
ardson, will succeed himself, of
course. Alf Taylor will attempt lo
down Brownlow In the first. In the
Second district, Warrior Gibson has
a number of strong men after him,
and It is said that the old soldier
element, which elected him. is to a
man against him. As McMillin Is
out of the race In the Fourth the
Lord only knows who will succeed
hlrn. There may be five or six can
didates. To sum up the situation
there. will likely be three or four
changes In Tennessee's delegation
to Washington, wherein the Demo
crats will lose no place now occu
pied by a Democrat. This is a
cheerful view, considering the fact
that we have a Republican adminis
tration with its patronage. Spartan
Royal makes the food pure,
wholesome and delicious.
SOYU BAKING POWOFD CO., NEW YORK.
Warru Ones Are Introduced
In the Senate.
The President Says He Will n
Try to Check the Will
f. , Congress.
Washington, March 29. The
President i is- largely eliminating
himself as a factor in the settlement
of the Cuban questiou. If there had
been one line of leadership In his
message; if he had even offered a
suggestion, the avenging hand of
Congress might have been stayed.
As iti), no one believes in peace,
though all hope to avoid war.
In consequence of its Indignation
over the policy of the President,
this week will be one of the most
sensational in the history of Con
gress The President has opened
the flood gates by his message. It
remains to be seen if he has the
power to close them again. - Most
of the radical expressions came from
bis side of the fence. The Republi
cans in the House, especially, see in
the published reports of his inten
tions only dishonor for his party.
There was a flood of resolutions in
he Senate this morning. They
were an introduced more as a warn
ing to tho executive than with any
hope that they would be promptly
Senator Rawlins, of Utah, intro
duced a resolution recognizing the
independence of Cuba and declaring
war against Spam.
Senator Foraker offered a resolu
tion for Cuban Independence. Mr.
Foraker spoke of the delays caused
by the De Lome incident and the
Maine incident, but declared that
the Cuban question would come up,
whatever was done with the Maine.
Senator Frye Introduced a resolu
tion reciting the conditions in Cuba
and directing the President, In his
discretion, to take steps to drive the
naval and military forces from the
McKinley Is Hands Off.
The President decided' this after
noon and so Informed the members
of -his Cabinet to send a message to
Congress and to turn over the entire
matter practically to Congress. This
was decided upon after conferences
with public men and after he had
heard of the resolutions introduced
in the Senate. He feels himself
helpless before Congress and will
not try to check its will.
They Are Getting Kenriy to lo Service
for I'nrle Sam.
Nashville, March 28. There
was an all day session of the lead
Ing officers of the nitlonal guard of
Tennessee at the Capitol yesterday.
The meeting was hastily called by
Adjt. Gen. Sykes by wire last Satur
day night. Those present were Gen.
eynes, uol. w. U. Smith, Col
Gracy Childress, Maj. J. P. Fyffe,
Maj. Elwin Ramage, Capt.-Frank
Cheatham and several local officers
the meeting was a secret one, but
Is understood to have been called by
uen. pyfces In response to a contem
plated call from the general govern
meni ior troops.
The meeting was necessary be
cause the present organization of
the guard will of necessity have to
be changed to conform to the
organization of the army.
At present the guard is composed
(.Continued to Fourth Page.)
Love and potatoes both spring
from the eyes.
When a man weds an heiress her
face Is his fortune.
Friends and umbrellas are seldom
at hand when needed.
Some women worry themselves
gray trying to look young.
It is always a great releaf to the
trees when spring comes.
A man of ripe experience is too
wise to monkey with green fruit.
Faith without works is about as
useless as a watch without wheels.
An ounce of flattery goes ' farther
with some women than a pound of
pity. ... ; , ,
It is easier to point than to Dlod.
That is why the world is full of hu
Some people have more appetite
than dinner and others have more
dinner than appetite.
Nature causes water to exDand in
freezing but the iceman causes the
price to expand. :
One bong sung amid a btorm is of
more benefit to mankind than a
whole concert when the sun Is shin
ing. IntereHtlng Items. '
A traveler can nowadays journey
round the world in fifty days.
In the year 1700 there wasonly one
newspaper in the United States.
A five-acre crop of tobacco was
sold in Kentucky the other day for
America conta'ns 229,722 miles of
railway, and the rest of the .world
The University of Calcutta Is said
to be the largest educational cor
poration in the world. .
In FraDco the doctor's claim on
the estate of a deceased patient has
precedence of all others.
in England there are eighty-four
uinif iu sixteen iemaie onenders; In
Scotland the proportion ; is sixty
seven to thrity-three.
in China the detection of false
coins is a skilled, prosperous pro
fession, known as "f-hroffing," and
is taught In special schools.
Bring your job printing U the
V. C. UhlttoriiH I letted to fill Out the
Teim 1 T. ,1. C'lli 'iuin.
The election last Saturday, to
select a magistrate lit this, th ninth
district, to fill out the unexpired
term of the late T, J. Colebum, re-,
suited In a victory for W. C. (Joe)
Whltthorne, his plurality over his
nearest competitor, A. O. P. Nich
olson, Sr., being Wl votes. Tha
Australian ballot system was ob
served, and a number of votes were
thrown out in counting on account
of being incorrectly marked. Fol
lowing is the vote in full:
Candidatea. iioi'sk. yakd. total.
W. V. Whitthrone lit". 14 -JM
K. O. p. Nicholson... 7 ifc'i 113
J.C. McOaw M S tW
Harry Manner, . . '!'. - 41
Mort' Hodge 2! 7 3)(
K. E: Wood .. 20 8 28
Lem McLemore 17 9 2B
Total 43(1 KJ 519
THE TELEPHONE MONOPOLY.
DlHatlKfaition Agalnt Its I'nlim f t
MrtlioilH U Hi-owing.
Dissatisfaction against the Bell
Telephone Company and its manner
of doing business, is growing all
over the country. The Baltimore
Hie people of Washington!?, like
those of some other cities, are com
plaining of the rate for telephone ser
vice which are charged there and which
they regard an exorbitant. The dUaatis-'
faction, it appears, is not without Justl
tlcatlou, for, although the royalty on
each instrument paid by the Chesa
peake and Ohio Company to the Hell
Company ha been reduced from $12 to
$", there has been no correnponding re
duction in the rates charged to the peo
ple; on the contrary, they have been tn
creasedi This is all the more unjusti
fiable when it is considered that there
has been an improvement of appli-i
ancea and a cheapening of procei
and the only explanation is that tite'
company goes in for a definite plii- t
wringing all it can out of the public.
''The subject has been before Con-'
gress and is now under lnvestigar'ott.
Senator Pettigrew, who understands
something of the matter, in an add reus
recently, made clear the relations of the
local colli pan it's to the Hell Company.
The Washington company itseeins. ha .
a capital stock of $2 (1 o,HK) and a hoinicd
indebtedness of $i(K,00O, and the stock
does not represent a dollar's worth of
investment. The Hell Company owns 5ft
per cent, of the stock, for which it did
not pay anything. The lien uompany,
according to the Senator, has no plant
or visible possessions except the patent
rights, but its capital stock is $4,0iH),
000, on which iu 1 8! Hi it paid 12 per cent,
and in 1H!7 IK per cent In the United
States there are over 2kK) exchanges,
with a capital of over $A,om,000, which
do not use the Hell patents, and there
are over 40 manufacturing establish- 1
menta supplying telephone apparatus
which are not connected iu unyway
with the Boll company.
"The competing companies, it ap
pears do not prosper iu any of the
large cliies, because the City Council!
do not give them facilities to carry o
business upon living terms. To thus
allow the Hell people a practical mo
nopoly is a great Injustice, for not only
are they permitted to charge exorbl-1
tant toils, tiut the public is greatly in
commoded by being denied facilities
w hicn it should have."
Garwood's Sarsaparlila for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Rains
L. k N. NicsthoN.,F. &S.
In the United States Circuit Court
Clerk's office, the Lou'svllie & Nash
ville Railroad has filed adeclaration
against the Nushvllle, Florence A
Sheffield Railro.id, suing the latter
company for $740,311.62, due by a
i-romissory note, made rsoveinber
26, 1896, and payable one year after
date, neither the note nor the j-
terest has been paid, and the phint
lil seeks to recover both. Thii
money Is for operating expenses on
the Nashville, Florence & Sheffield
Road. Nashville Banner.
Most torturing P.:.1 tlinfifriirirj? of ltthlnR,
burning, ca!y ikin anil scalp humeri if in
stantly relieved I y a warm lath wilh Cm-ct-R
k Soap, a inslo application of Ci'TKn a
(nlntiupiit'. Hie p'rat ikin cure, and a full Cat
of Cutici R A KEmilvent, greWt of liloo4
purifiers aud butuor cures, wbeo all else lails.
(uv., Prvt, mats. ' How u Cirt Hfcil IIUu," Xw.