Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA IIKIMLI): FTiIDA V, AI.IL 1, ITS.
PobiiM.nl by the Herald Publishing Co.
8U BSC Kl HTION KATKfl!
In theCounty H-00-
Oat of the County 1.26.
Entered at tlm post-offlco fit Columbia, Ten
nessee as second-class mail matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
SPAIN I K.A-l'MTEIl STATKS.
A resume of the giotrniphlcal posi
tion of Culm, its population, fizn,
etc., unci in the event of wr, its ad
vantages to the United States and
its dinadvantages to Spain as a battle-ground,
would no doubt be In
teresting to a larpe number of read
ers who may have forgotten their
Cuba is the largest of the group of
islands composing the West Indies;
it belongs to the Great Antilles, a
group composed of Cuba, Haiti,
Jamaica and Porto Rico. Cuba is
the most westerly of this group and
Porto Rico the most easterly, Haiti
being situated between the two, and
Jamaica Ivinsr south of Cuba. Cuba
and Porto Rico belong to Spain, and
Jamaica to Great Britain. Haiti
was formerly, a French possession,
but in 1804 became a republic.
Cuba has an area of 43.220 square
miles, or just 1,170 more square
miles than Tennessee. The latest
official census gave it a population
of 1.521,084, but. under Spanish
atrocities and the ravages of fevers,
it is estimated that the population
has now decreased to about 1,300.000.
Its inhabitants are Spaniards,
Creoles and negroes. It Is surrounded
hv the waters of the Atlantic, the
Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean
sea. Havana, it? capital city, has
an estimated population of 198.000,
and lias been the center of a vast
commerce. The remains of Colum
busthe discoverer of America are
burled in one of the cathedrals of
What advantages would Cuba
give to the United States as a battle-ground,
and what disadvantages
to Spain? This is a question which
is ocoupyingthe minds of the whole
civilized world. Since the sad fate of
the Maine. Havana harbor has been
looked upon in almost holy horror,
as a place infested with hidden de
stroyers of life, which at a single
touch of the enemy, could send hun
dreds of souls rushing into eternity
without a moment's warning. But,
fortunately, Havana is not the only
means of access to the island. While
Cabans Fortress presents a most
formidable defense to Havana har
bor, the island could be invaded
with the greatest of ease at many
General U. S. Grant, in a letter to
General Badeau in 1883, expressed
the following opinion as to the
capabilities of the defenses at
Havana: "On my visit to Havana
three years ago, I had the oppor
tunity of seeing the forts and arma
ment. Both are formidable, and,
with additions that could easily be
made before any country could at
tack them, impregnable from direct
attack. But I should not regard
Havana as a difficult place to cap
ture with a combined army and
navy. It would have to be done,
however, by effecting a landing
elsewhere and cutting off land com
munication with armv, while the
navy would perform the same ser
vice on the water. The hostility of
the native population to the Spanish
authority would make this a com
paratively easy task for any first
class power, and especially easy for
the United States."
A very important fact is the dis
tance from Spain to Havana, and
from Havana to the United States.
While Key West, the most southerly,
point of the United States', is only
about 90 miles from Havana, Spain
is nearly 4,000; and, while it would
take a Spanish vessel, going at its
fastest rate, at least ten days to
cross the Atlantic, a vessel from
Key West could reach Havana In a
few hours time.
The attention of our navy has
been called to a Spanish torpedo
flotilla, which is now on its way to
Porto Rico, and soma significance
is attached to this move. While
the presence of a torpedo flotilla
flying the flag of Spain in the har
bor of Porto Rico is not to be de
sired by the American Government,
so long as it remains at that port it
can be of little danger to the battle
ships of the United States navy.
Porto Rico is faraway from Havana,
and a long distance between 900
or 1,000 miles from Key West,
where the American fleet is gathered
at this time.
In Washington this week while
Congress was preparing to feed the
starving reconcentrados of Cuba, the
irate Spaniards in Madrid were an
nouncing theatrical performances,
the receipts of which were to be de
voted to building a war ship to
thrash Uncle Sam. This little Inci
dent fairly illustrates the difference
between the two governments; the
dignity of one, the pusillanimity of
THK XV A It CRISIS.
War Is probable; so is peace; the
freedom of Cuba is certain.
President McKinley has greatly
disappointed the country by his too
pncific policy; but Congress will
compel him to act, or else Congress
will declare war w ithout any action
or suggestion upon his part.
The President has sent to Spain
an ultimatum. It is not known by
Congress and the country what this
ultimatum contains, but it is said to
contain a suggestion of an armistice
and for Spain to receive two hun
dred million dollars for Cuba.
If Spain accepts this, it is not be
lieved that Cuba will, and it is very
doubtful if the administration can
force it through Congress. If done
at all it will be done by the power
Czar Reed has over the Republicans
in the House, and the gag rules he
applies to the Democrats.
The temper of Congress and the
demand of the country is that Cuba
shall be free, and that immediately
and without being burdened by a
war debt contracted by Spuln while
murdering Cuba's defenseless old
men, women and children.
The crisis is on, and unless Spain
consents to remove its yoke from
Cuba's neck, Congress will declare
war, Wall Street, , William McKin
ley ana rnomas Keea to the con
It is believed that Congress will
not wait on the President longer
than the first of next week, and
they may not wait another day.
Judge Sam Holding is interview
ing the sovereigns of Giles county,
this week. The only objection any
body has urged against making him
the next Circuit Judge of this dis
trict, Jsthathe "looks like ayouth;"
and that objection comes from out
side of Maury, and is made by those
who Judge him only by his looks,
and not by those who know him
He has the unanimous endorsement
of the Columbia bar, and it is rea
sonable to suppose that not only
their county pride but their self
protection would deter them from
recommending any man for the high
and responsible office of Circuit
Jndge who was not in every sense
worthy and capable. Mr. Holding
not only has the unanimous endorse
ment of the Columbia bar, but he
has the endorsement of the people
of Maury Connty, and he secured
that endorsement over a lawyer of
acknowledged ability, a Judge who
had proven himself capable on the
Bench, and a man who had the ad
vantage of him in years. An active
interest was taken in that primary
and a large vote was polled. The
votes cast were not against either
man, but simply a choice between
the two. It was not to discredit Mr.
Fowler but to prefer Mr. Holding
that the majority ballots were cast
in his favor. And Mr. Holding has
now no warmer supporter than Mr
Fowler. We think, therefore, that
this effort upon the part of some of
the friends of other candidates, to
prejudice Mr. Holding's cause "on
account of his youth," has been
pushed about far enough. . His home
people who endorse him are the best
judges as to bis age and qualifica
tions, They can better judgi from
their knowledge of him, than others
can by looks, especially when these
looks are from eyes more friendly
to others than to. him. Mr. Hold
ing is Maury County's candidate
and this his native county is proud
to be his sponsor, and offers him to
the district without any apology for
his looks, his size or his age.
,Un;br the head of "Politics and
Business," the Nashville American
complains that farmers, at their
society meetings, devote too much
time to the discussion of "financial
legislation," and too little to "cot
ton acreage," etc. And we read like
complaints from other alleged Dem
ooratic newspapers, with corpora
tion and gold bug ownerships. What
divine right has railroad organs, for
instance, to discuss "financial legis
latlon," when the producers of the
wealth of the country must remain
silent on the subject? Who is more
interested in the finances than the
farmer? And by what manner of
reasoning is it that he must leave all
discussion of this part of his busl
ness to stock gamblers and gold bug
newspapers? The underproduction
of money is quite as injurious to the
farmer as tbe overproduction of
wheat, corn or cottou; and that
"financial legislation" which seeks
to demoralize therlce of his crops
by an inadequate supply of money
is a most important factor in his
business, and one that he ought to
think about and talk about even
more than he does.
President McKinlky's message
anent the Maine disaster Is admit
tedly the weakest state paper ever
sent to Congress.
"He laughs best who laughslast."
City Marshal Latta now has the
laugh on his accusers. The evi
dence in his trial, which will be
found elsewhere in this paper, shows
how utterly without foundation,
how absolutely spiteful, ridiculous
and silly, were the charges preferred
;iint him. Even a prejudiced
aid hostile jury, bi it said to their
credit, had the fairness to return a
unanimous verdict of not guilty.
This trial has done him good. It
has focussed upon him the attention
of very many who had carelessly
observed his official conduct here
tofore, and that conduct has com
manded their confidence and es
teem. In this town and county he
is more universally esteemed to-day
than he ever was before.
Tub Congressional campaign
grows apace and the plot thickens.
InGil"B, Hon. Ed. Eslick has con
cluded to wait, when, quickly upon
his retirement State Senator W. B.
Smithson enters the arena. Follow
ing this a special from Lewis couj
ty tells us that in a public speech
there last Monday, Mr. Whltthorne,
of Maury, announced that in the
event of a war between this country
and Spain, he would volunteer as a
soldier, otherwise otherwise. Maj.
Williamson was skirting the woods
in Wayne, while Col. Cox and
Judge Grigsby are sawing wood and
In parliamentary debate about
one hundred and fifty years ago
Lord Pitt who was then about the
age Judge Sam Holding is now was
twitted upon his "youth and inex
perience." He replied: "The atro
cious crime of being a young man,
which the honorable gentleman has,
with such spirit and decency, charg
ed upon me, I shall neither attempt
to palliate nor deny; but content
mycelf with wishing that I may be
one of those whose follies may cease
with their youth, and not of that
number who are ignorant in spite of
Thr State Committee having in
charge the ceremonies upon the oc
casion of Tennessee's dedication of
her monument to the Tennessee sol
dies who fell at Chickamauga, met
in Chattanooga Saturday and selec
ted Ex-Gov. Porter, Gen. Stewart,
Gen. Thurston and Gen. Bovnton to
make speeches, and John Trotwood
Moore to read the poem for the oc
casion. The event is one in which
all the state is interested and will
occur May 12th at the Chickamauga
Cuba will be free. The civiliza
tion, the humanity, the Christianity
of the age demands it. But McKin
ley has forever lost the opportunity
to give to his administration the
credit for it. Public opinion will
drive Congress to it, but an admin
istration is not responsible for what
it cannot prevent. The money bags
of the world are opposed to war, but
the hearts of the people bleed for
the starving Cubans, and the God
of Nations will hear their cry.
Consul-General Frrzurii Lek
It a nephew of the greatest General
known to history, Gen. Robt. E.
Lee; his father, Sidney Smith Lee,
being Gen. Robt. E. Lee's elder
brother. '.'Blood will tell." Gen.
Lee is a Democrat, and has been re
tained by this administration sim
ply because they could'nt do with
In the contested election case of
Patterson vs. Cannack, the commit
tee nas reported to the House ad
versely to Mr. Carmack holding his
seat. ' The minority were given
another week to make their report,
and the case will then be brought
up in the House.
TiiEColumbia Semi-Weekly News
made its first appearanoe in a very
creditable shape last Saturday. Mr.
L. W. Kennedy is the editor, and
the members of the local staff are,
Messrs. Matthews Gordon, Porter
Erwin and P. F. Russell.
Mt. Pleasant is soon to have a
weekly newspaper. Mr. Rufus E.
Jackson will be editor and proprie
tor. tWe congratulate Mt. Pleasant
and wish Editor Jackson much suc
cess. When the Wall street gamblers
get "fixed," then their subservient
slave at the White House will de
clare in thunderous tones that
"Cuba shall be free!"
After weeks of weary waiting
for the Court of Inquiry and Wil
liam McKinley to make their re
port, lo, and behold, "the mountain
brought forth a mouse."
The London press and Lombard
street endorse Mr. McKinley's man-ly-pampyism.
An expedition will leave Berlin
next May in search of Andree.
Daughters of the Confederacy.
The regular meeting of the Daugh
ters of the Confederacy will be held
with the President, Mrs. 8. G. Dun
niugton, Saturday, April 2,' at 3 p.
m. A full attendance is requested.
Mrs N. B. Shepard, bec'ty.
GUE 4T DISAPPOINTMENT.
Continued from First l'age.l
of one reuiment of ten companies,
two separate battalions and seven
It Is understood that thisetate will
be requested to furnish three regi
ments, with a total or 6,uw men.
This will be on a basis of an
army of 200,000 men from the en
SPAIN MUST SAY
Whether It Shall Be Peace
McKIXLEY SEMS HIS ULTIMATUM.
Tlie Deiiuiml I Hie Immediate Cestui
tlon of Hostilities in Cuba "Peaceably
If You 'Will, Otherwise by ' Force"
Washington, March 30. Ti.e
Cuban crisis is at last at hand.
President McKinley to-day cabled
an ultimatum to Minister Woodford,
which was presented to Premier
Sagasta, demanding a cessation of
the Cuban war, the withdrawal of
the Spanish troops from the island
and the independence of the Cuban
Shortly before noon an answer
was received from Sagasta, asking
whether the message received early
this morning was an ultimatum.
The President replied that it was.
At 3:30 this afternoon another
cablegram was received asking
forty-eight hours In which to make
reply to the President's ultimatum,
stating that to-morrow the Spanish
Cabinet would meet and consider
thequestion. President McKinley's
reply is unknown, but it is believed
that he answered in the affirmative.
While these negotiations were go
ing on at the White House a verit
able vortex of political excitement
prevailed at the Capitol. The senti
ment of members of Congress had
reached the cyclonic stage. Repub
lican members were serving notice
on Speaker Reed that they would
no longer adhere to the policy of in
action which has been proposed by
President McKinley, and which he
was attempting to force on the
House. It was evident that unless
something was done that the mem
bers of the House would take mat
ters in their own hands and pass the
first Cuban resolution offered.
Accordingly messengers were dis
patched to the White House, and
telegraph wires called into service.
The President was informed of the
inflamed sentiment of the House,
and the almost certainty that the
Republicans would revolt against
the proposition to delay the consid
eration of the Cuban question long
er. Accordingly messages were
sent to the leaders of the revolting
faction assuring them that if they
would desist for twenty-four hours
from taking action on the Cuban
question that the President would
send a communication to Congress.
In this way Speaker Reed and his
lieutenants were able to exact
pledges from the rank and file of the
Republican majority that they
would desist from a discussion of
the Cuban question to-day.
All eyes are now turned toward
Madrid, where the Spanish Govern
ment Is considering President Mc
Kinley's ultimatum, which, accord
ing to the best information obtain
able, is that Cuba must be freed,
and with this end in view that an
armistice must at once be declared.
For her concession Spain is to re
ceive from Cuba a money considera
tion of perhaps $200,000,000.
Spain is losing hope that European
Powers will intervene in her behalf,
and at last when face to fice with
war, which means disaster and de
feat, has consented for the first time
to consider a proposition looking to
t ie freedom of Cuba. It is said
that this result has been brought
about in part by the pressure of the
money power of the world on the
Republican Congressmen held an
other meeting last niuht, the at
tendance being 115, as against 69 at
the meetiug on the night before
The sentiment expressed was in
favor of giving the President a little
more time, ou the assurance that the
Chief Executive would in the event
of the failure of his peace negotia
tions place the whole matter before
Congress and share the responsi
bility of what might follow. A
committee was appointed to wait on
the President and report to another
meeting to be held to-night.
A final coufeAnce, with the
Q jeen Regent presiding, was held
at Madrid yesterday.
The coal fleet intended for Ameri
can war vessels in the Gulf was or
dered to leave Louisville, where it
was tied up on account of high
water, and to proceed to the Gulf at
nclennon, Anderson Eosfer.
Last Monday's Rain.
kept us from selling but little more than half of trie
ten hundred yards of izlc white 1'. K. There, we take that
back. Not 12 i-2c P. .A'., but splendid 20c P. K. at 12 1-2C
The balance of this lot, nearly 500 yards, will be placed
on sale Next Saturday Morning, April 2d, at 8:30 o'clock,
at 12 i-2c yard. The entire lot mould have gone bejore
1 o'clock last Monday if the sun had been shining.
A Dozen Ladies' Man Tailored Suits will be placed on
sale here next Saturday morning. To be sure its an acci
dent that they are here; just the missing of a train caused it.
But they hav'nt been out of one of the best man-tailoring
establishments in New York over three days at this writ
ing. Royal Blue and Green Cloth, Tan Covert Cloth, Black
and Blue Serge. Coats all silk lined. $9-73, $10.75, and
$ij.jo, worth a third more, and would sell or a third more
in any city store.
I Flying Spilron of Bargains for Next Mag.
But right here, a word in behalf of our excellent neigh
bors as well as ourselves, and when we say neighbors, we
mean every reputable merchant in Columbia.
A lew people just a few who gain a livelihood and
make their money in various ways, off of the people in this
town and county, send away from here for their wearables,
etc. Now, "honest Injun," is this right? Is this treating
your tax-paying merchant friends squarely? More especially
when in nearly every case the same goods could have been
bought here for the same price or less.
Now mind you, we are not complaining. We've no right
to complain so long as our business continues to increase as
it has done. But we've said this much in behalf of the
HAPPENINGS for NEXT MONDAY April 4.
A Case of Ginghams. 2542 yards of Small Check Ginghams for
Aprons, Children's Dresses, etc. A new make that has never been sold
in this town before, and we are honest in saying that we have never seen
a better 7Jc quality, even in these times of low prices. But we want to
introduce this new make, hence introductory price. Next Monday, 4 3-4c
a yard. All the staple blue, brown, and black cheeks.
SHORT HIP (PARIS SHAPE)
So many new clothes Men's and Boys' coming in, we've not enough
room for the few carried over from last season.
So marching orders have been given to sixty of these all wool $10.00 and
$12.60 Men's Suits, and were last season's best values ot these prices. There
are more 33, 34 and 35 sizes, than any others, though there are all sizes up.
to 40. Next Monday's rice S5.9(XSuit.
If you see it in our ad. it's so. 14
TilcKennon, Anderson & Foster.
all hazards. It left yesterday morn
ing at 1 o'clock.
Representatives .Berry and Col
son, of Kentucky, have expressed
their determination to raise regi
ments in their districts and go to the
front in case of war. , Col. Berry,
who was a Colonel in the Confeder
ate army, wants to raise a regiment
made up of his old soldiers, ' their
sons and grandsons.
Representative Broussard, of
Louisiana, has tendered his resigna
tion to the Governor, to take effect
when war la declared, and has gone
home to raise a regiment.
Representative Sulzer, of New
York, has announced that he would
raise a regiment in his district.
The men working on the ships of
the flying squadron, stationed in
Hampton Roads, have been ordered
to hurry their labors to completion.
The fleet is expected to move within
a few days. Commodore Schley has
his working force almost fully organ
ized. Two thousand men are now work
ing day and night at Brooklyn navy
yard. The Dolphin is completed
and is receiving ammunition.
There are now twenty vessels in the
yard, including a battleship and
Dispatches irom London state that
mail advices from the Canary
Another lot of Black Dress Goods
Brocades, Plain Serges, etc., 60o to 75c values,,
every one of the ten styles. Next Monday, 45c
a yard, rerhajis your best opportunity to get a
srparate skirt pattern at such a little price.
I Ready-made Skirts. A dozen and a
half in this lot of Black Brocaded and Plain
Skirts, well made and lined, and well worthy of
being called $4-00 Skirts. Next Monday, $2.95
Easter Gloves 'n the new shades of
The THOMPSON people have made
a new Corset, and here it is. Long enough to
be shapely, short enough to be comfortable.
Paris Shape they call it. Glove Fitting. Price
Islands confirm the reports of the
sailing of the Spanish flotilla for
Cuba. This fleet which has caused
such wide-spread excltemet in the
United States consists of three tor
pedo boats, three torpedo boat de
stroyers and a transport boat. The
total tonnag" of the flotilla is only
1,022 and the six boa's are manned
by 340 men.
It Is believed that the United
States has bought from Denmark,
St. Thomas, St. John and St. Croix,'
three islands less than 100 miles
east of Porto Rico, for about $9,000,
000, and also two cruisers and three
torpedo boat destroyers for about
P.etng T,ald for the Protection of I'nrle
Newport News, Va., March 27.
The most important fact in connec
tion with the preparations for de
fense in this section was learned to
night from anoillcerat Fort Monroe.
He stated positively that the work
of laying submarine mines at the
Virginia capes for the protection of
the national Capital, Baltimore,
Richmond, Norfolk and Newport
News has been commenced. The
cables to which the torpedoes will
be attached are already in position.
Twenty-four hours after a declara
tion of war, the ship destroyers
would be ready for their destructive
The mines will be so situated that
they may be exploded from two
points separated by a distance of
nearly twenty miles, one being lo
cated at Cape Charles and the other
at Fort Monroe. By means of this
arrangement, a hostile ship which
slipped past the capes could be de
stroyed in Hampton Roads as she
attempted to go by the fort.