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THE-COLUMBIA JTEKAIJ): FIUDA Y, APHIL MJS.
Published by the Herald Publishing Co.
in theOounty 11.00.
Oatof the County .' 1.25.
Entered at the post-office at Columbia.Ten.
Deaitee at iecond-class ninil matter,
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
Wak, with Its horrors, is bad
enough, but to be threatened, with
an ad libitum debate by the Senate
think of that! ..
Whilk we are at It, why not free
Porto Woo, as well as Cuba. Boon
or late.lt must be done, and therft Is
no pood reason why we nhould allow
Spain to start the starving: process
first. ' '
It wne frankly and openly chareed
In the Senate Monday by Mr. Per
kins, of California, In set speech,
that Spain was responsible for the
Maine disaster, and it had been
brought about by Spanish machina
tions and Spanish treachery.
A mail carrier, from Alacka
has reached British Columbia,
claiming that he has tidings- from
the lost Artlo explorer, Andree. He
says that Andree is alive 'and on
land, and the message was obtained
from one of hi& carrier pigeons, ;
Coil I JEEMd Coleman; the oily
chairman of the State Democratic
Executive 1 Committee, ' has' stated
that the gubernatorial , convention
In Tennesssee will be "held in
August. We need ' not be In any
hurry, therefore, about selecting:
and instriietinglour delegate.: Some
of the patriots might be killed In
battle before the dog day come. . i'"
The Nash ville American furnishes
the following statistics: "Activity
continues in the Tennessee phos
phate fields. .During February the
shipments from the Mt. Pleasant
fields alone reached 18,500 tons,? and
about 11,000 tons were shipped
during the first two weeks of March.
At this rate the exports of phosphate
from Tennessee this year will be
over double that of last year."
Dr. T. A.Okddes, United States
Stock Inspector, and Sam N. War
ren, of Spring Hill, Live Stock Com
missioner for Tennessee, were here
this week looking after matters per
taining to the national cattle quar
antine line, which borders the
southern boundary line of this
county. The farmers of ' Maury
ought to protect this line by ' report
ing any and every violation of .the
law, for If Tennessee was put injthe
quarantine, this county would suf
fer more than any In the state. I i '
MoHb than a year ago William, J,
Bryan favored .recognition, of the
belligerency of the Cuban Insur
gents.; -If he had been President his
first message would have contained
that recommendation, and by so do
ing would have spared more than
two hundred thousand people 'the
tortures of starvation, would have
saved 200 American sailors from a
treacherous and sudden death, would
have saved this government the cost
of the battleship Maine, and the war
If any there had been would be
A middle-aged man may remem
ber the time when all the drug
stores in Columbia sold whiskey;
now none of them sell It. 4 Not j bo
cause It i not profitable, but be
cause public sentiment is opposed to
the traffic and is frowning h down.
Just a few years ago nearly. ;all the
grocery stores had a . bar attach
ment; now only a few of them have
A very few years ago Columbia had
between 25 and 30 saloon?; now It
has only abotnhalf 'the" Tnumber.
The reason It hasn't more is because
whiskey drluktng has become so un
popular, eo under the bane of society
and business circles, that the trade
will not support more than half' as
many saloons as it once would.
When we estimate, therefore, the
amount of whiskey once sold by the
druggists and deduct that from the
whole; when we" estimate the
amount once 6old,by the - groceries,
and deduct half of that from the
whole; when' we estimate -the
amount once sold by about 30
saloons, and deduct half of that
from the whole, we find that .the
labor of the pulpit as a whole and
the press in part against this nefa
rious traffic has not been lu vain,
and the figures give an earnest for
the hope that the demon of Intern
perance may eventually tie driven
from the land, and the white flag of
prohibition wave over us all. , Bear
ing upon this question we repro
duce in part this week a sermon by
Jlev. Goo. Stewart, Sam Jones' co
worker. It Is the strongest pieoeuw
tion of the case we have ever read.
It is too long to be published in full
lu one Issue, and too good to be cut,
therefore we will continue it in our
next. It is mighty Interesting read
ing for anybody, and chri-lian peo
ple fcpecially should read it prayerfully.
A VACILLATING CHIEF.
President McKlnley 'a message
has been postponed some more. It
was to have been sent to Congress
last Monday ; but without any rea
son it was put oft until Wednesday ;
then it was again postponed until
next Monday. , ,
In order to excuse those dilatory
tactics it is given out that a message
was received from Gen. Fltzhugh
Lee, that it would be dangerous to
the Americans In Cuba for the mes
sage to be acted upon before they
were out of Cuba.
A flimsier pretext for a play for
time could hardly be Imagined.
VTill anybody suppose that Mr. Mc
Kinley had never before thought of
those Americans in Cuba and their
danger? Presumably though we
are willing to admit that the pre
sumption may be violent he knows
the substance of his message. If it
would imperil the safety of Ameri
cans abroad, and if he bad at any
time in good faith fixed in his mind
any other time for sending in his
message, why bad he not withdrawn
our Consuls and American citizens
from Spanish territory? '
It was an awkward piece of deceit,
not worthy to be called diplomacy.
Another alleged reason is that
SpalU Is weakening. There may or
may not be some truth in this.
' But the reason of reasons is that
the money power Is the real power
behind the throne; Wall street's in
fluence controls Mark Hanna, and
Hanna controls McKlnley,' and they
are playing with human hopes Just
like they do with the market re
ports.' .The speculators' pit has been
transferred from "change" to the
floors of Congress, and the Congress
men are the puppets in the game.;'
' Never a man had a more glorious
opportunity to immortalize himself
than McKlnley has had. But like
all weak, vacillating characters, his
littleness has destroyed him. He is
trying to serve two masters, diamet
rically opposed the one to the other.
Hanna and his hired henchmen are
lost to all human sympathy, and the
suffering and starvation of the
dying reconcentradoa appeals in
vain to thern. With Congress It is
different. Their hearts are not eo
seared by averace. Moved by pity
in1; their own hearts and .the
louder cry from the people for suf
fering Cuba, they would act if they
could if they only knew how.
Between these two factions the
President is dallying; lacking either
the courage to do right or the des
peration to do wrong. He has for
gotten his first and better impulses,
and the game to him now is one of
politics, pure and simple i He dares
not.offend his backers and he fears
to offend the people. What the out
come of that game will be, he per
haps has as little fixed Idea or pur
pose as the average man, and does
not know, nearly so well as Piere
pont Morgan, Mark Hanna, or
others of their ilk. ? ,; ,
' In the meantime the reconcen
trados are starving. , , . ,
Thk Populists and Democrats
seem to be trying to make a fusion
in this State; and the trouble in the
way is the lack' of confidence' their
respective leaders ' bave in each
other. The Herald would suggest
that they ignore past differences and
unite on a platform demanding the
nomination of clean, honest, ; sober,
moral, business men for office, and
both parties pledge 'themselves to
vote for no other kind. That is the
sort of Governor and the character
of legislature the rank and , file of
both these two political parties Id
Tennessee desire, and if their, lead
ers could forget themselves just a
little while Hhty might be able to
serve their people bettor, i
!.! n t ; ! -i rjjj ; : , ;
Conventions have been held in
thirty-six counties for the purpose of
selecting delegates to the State
Democratic convention and Instruct
ing jthem'-'Jas to the gubernatorial
ijovnliation. Tweniy-slx of them in
structed for McMillin, four for Tay
lor. three for. Bond and three for
Woodard, The instructed vote to
date stands: McMillin, 272; Taylor,
72; Bond, 80; Woodard, 67.
In Madrid the people appear to be
more interested in the E.ister Sun
day bull fight, than the war news.
; ' Who Is Responsible I "'
Before anvthinsr more is said na to
uie gum oi npain in causing th
Maine disaster, would It not be we
to let all the neonln of tli TTnitorl
btats know why 200 of our citizen
were piacea tn jeopardy by those i
autnoruy over mem.
It was said there was no menac
ing purpose in Bendintr the warshin
to Cuba. Then why not hald the
powers that be to account for the
wanton destruction or life and prop
There can be no onestion but that
tlio chief responsibility rests unon
President McKlnlev. Hart h fol.
lowed the lead of Congress on com
ing into offlce, and recognized Cuba
as a belligerent power, the present
humiliating position 'of the United
Cuba ere this would have won her
i dependence, and that, too, with
out involving, us in a war with
tMain, which is now imminent.
The Maine vytth her precious cargo
of human lives, would never have
been foolishly sent forth ti wanton
destruction. A fearful re-ponsi-!
iiity faces the President in this
MEN AXD NATIONS.
Tliouchtu About the Present Crisis in
How thrilling it is to gaze on the
face of a man who la aroused either in
denunciation of evil or defense of that
which is right. His very face will ap
pear transformed ; out of it will have
disappeared all traces of pettiness, and
as his head is thrown back and his eyes
flash, the best that is in him will shine
forth. These supreme moments are to
be cherished. They throw things into
their right proportions'; when it seems
to the aroused one that even life itself
is a small matter la comparison with
the truth that must be spoken. Per
sonal ease and comfort are despised un
til the tongue has uttered the words
that are inspired by a released nature.
The important thing at such moments
is seen to be, that the thing to be done,
must be done; no matter who the
Individual may be who does it; but
that the one who is aroused to do,
must do or be false to the greatest
that is in him. And to that aroused
life the truth comes home that fail
ure to do and to dare, may mean
that the deed and the daring will
never be done; for no two human be
ings follow exactly the same lines of
life or meet the same opportunities. A
call to a task is therefore found to be a
solemn thing that tests and sifts down
to small limits those whose tasks a-e
done in the dread fear of their never
returning if left undone. Thrilling is
it to see a nature on fire. The members
of the body must suffer if needs be till
the work is finished. The feet must run
and not be weary, the body labor and
not rebel, the brain act and not falter;
yet neither feet, nor body, nor brain
have any interest in the duty; they are
merely servants who must suffer till
all is done by the individual who sits
In control of brain and all lesser organs.
Multiply all this many million times
and then yield youiself to the wonder
that fills the soul when a whole nation
thrills and rises in infinite majesty.
The onward sweep of the tempest, the
resistless power of the tide, the stu
pendous motion of an earthquake are
trifles beside It; for this is a motion that
is alive, that has brain, that has pur
pose. A whole people aroused to action
is spectacle of awe. When by a
species of revelation a million minds
think alike, and move forward to dis
charge the task that is before them, in
dividually and collectively, the sub
limity of the sight transcends infinitely
the sublimest that inanimafe nature
even set before human eyes. Where
there have been trifling or even im
portant differences before, there will b
one vast unity. In the presence of the
national duty, a leveling down of pet
tiness will be accompanied by a level
ing up of purpose. Strangely like a
man is this body of men and of minds.
Deep in the national consciousness it is
understood that love of ease and the get
ting of gain in untrammeled peace are
mere dust in the balance when weighed
against a national duty. Like the man,
a nation awake is forced onward by its
inner conviction of what is right and
lust; and the consequences it must
leave to the Arbiter of national fates,
from whom Cometh national inspira
tion and from whose heart of mercv
comes direct the feeling of mercy and
commiseration that possesses ' the
breasts of men, women and children at
this moment of national uprising. And
in our thousand times ten thousand
hearts we feel that
'Once to every time and nation comes
tne moment to decide.
In the strife of Truth with Falsehood, for
thfl ironfl nr'atHI &Mo. -
Some great cause, God's new Messiah,
ouering eacn tne nioom or IUik t.
Parts the goats upon the left hand, and
the sheep upon the right,
And the choice goes bv forever, twixt
that darkness and that light."
We know deep in our national heart
that now is the moment to show to the
distressed that Justine is our meat and
our drink and mercy to the weak our
daily thank-offering to Qod, who has
brough us out of our own weakness in
to strength. We know that opportu
nities and calls come to nations as thev
do to men, and that wise is the nation
that knoweth the day of . its visitation
And much t innocent members suffer
when a man is aroused, ' we know that
many who now live must die for an
idea, an inspiration, a national purpose.
yet the cost is cheap in comparison
wan tne deep A national shame of re
maining silent when utterance would
save, and Indolent when action would
bless. ' .' v-
The bodies of starved paciflcos. crv bv
hundreds of thousands for retribution.
The call is to yon, America. To whom
else should they turn? ,' , ,
UNCALLED FOR LETTERS.
is the list of tartar
for the week end
ing Mar, 31, LS!IS.
L 1'arham, Izora
Smith. II SitCo
Dobbins, Miss O
James, W O
Klncairt, W .
FOB WKKK EXPIVO April 7.
Chaffln, L-iMie MeKoberts, V C
Croswait, Claude 2, Mayberry, Sallio
runt, Annie mows, it
F'rierson, Daisy Murray, Madgo .
Fry, Annie, ' Murray. R2
(Jsrdnnr, Cynthia l'eaks, J
Kittrell. Sarah Phillips. J A
Long, Jim Yauchau, W W
Long, J V
Parties cal'in? for the above letters
please say advertised.
II. F. F.vkish, P. M.
His Preference tvxUi.iert.
"in case we has war, klu I go 'long
wld yo' coiop'ny?"
"Why, certainly. You'd h ive a
preference for mine, would you?"
"Oh, yes, suhl You see, I wuz
wld you in de late war, en sein' es
you didn't git inter no fibtinj
d st ti'r.p, I 'low dat you'll be dz er,
,Ua fn another 'war!'" Atlanta
Withheld by Gen. Lee's
AMERICANS IN HAVANA IN DANGER
Then, Too, Thttre are SIng of Weakening
at Madrid. The Queen Regent May Grant
an ArtiiLtlce The Latest From WbsIi
inKton. Washington, April 6. Bwlft as a
cannon's flash changed ihe Cuban
situation to-day. The galleries of
Congress were crowded, Senators
and Representatives were anxious
and agitated, even the diplomatic
corps was n a ferment, awaiting a
message from the President of the
United Btates to the Congress of the
American people that might mean
a war, when, with excitement at the
very highest, like an electric flash
the word passed that there would be
no message to-day. Its suddenness
stunned the public, which heard the
news In distorted forms, and amazed
veteran members of Congress.
Ultimately it became known that
not only would there be no mebsage
to-day, but no message this week,
and that it was at least a possibility
that the message written and ap
proved might never go to Congress
at all. The first reason for the de
lay was that the Administration re
ceived advices from Gen. Lee at Ha
vana Indicating that all Americans
could not be gotten oft the island to
day and would be in grave peril if
the message preceded their depar
ture. A further reason for delay
was said to be indications of a will
ingness on the part of Spain to re
open negotiations and make conces
sions. The President was advised
by many members of Congress,
upon receipt of this lnfof aiation, not
to send In the message.
Will Grant an ArmUtiee.
The details remain to be worked
out, but it is expected that between
now and Monday a clearer light will
be thrown upon the future by ac
tion at Madrid, of which one Impor
tant feature at least is the declara
tion of an armistice by the Queen
Regent of Spain. This armistice, it
is expected, will lead to ultimate in
dependence of Cuba, from Spanish
rule, but by what intermediate steps
perhaps even the governing powers
do not at this time know. Much It Is
supposed, will depend upon the Cu
ban Insurgents and the people of the
two countries of the Uuited States
and Spain. ' " ,
The Power at Work.
The Powers of Europe, material
and moral, it is known brought to
bear their Influence on the Govern
ment of Spain, and still are actively
at work seeking the wisest course
necessary, in view of the circum
stances and sentiments of the two
great nations involved, to bring
peace out of the gathering war
clouds. All the capitals of Europe
have been in communication to this
end, a fact evidenoed'by the assem
blage of the British Embassy in this
city yesterday of the representa
tives of the six great Powers of
Europe, who then and there were
made mutually acquainted with
what had been done abroad and
with the desire of those w ho accred
ited them to Washington that they
should work in accord here, this
concert,, however, in the United
States not to go beyond a mild ten
der of good offices to secure peace
and delay a definite declaration of
war if hostilities finally become in
evitable. ringing f- Submarine Mines.
The placing of submarine mines
at Tortland, Me.; Charleston, 8. C.j
Hampton Roads, Fort Wadsworth
aud Fort Hancock was begun Wed
nesday. Cuba Will lie Free.
Washington, April 7. Every one
here wants to see the Spanish driven
out of Cuba, the horrors brought to
an end, and the patriots there have
their independence. The onlyques
tion here is ho w it can be best ac
complished. It will be done. Cuba
will be free, and that, too, before
nwuiy days. Spain will be compell
ed to back down, and if she finally
refuses to do so upon the proposi
tions now before her, not only from
America, but the whole civilized
world, the United States will find a
way, and a good way, to make her
do so, even if it is compelled to
make the Maine honor a casus
If you don't think we are selling!
all the cultivators, just watch the i
".Monitors ' leave our warehouse.
We have broke the record; another
car will arrive this week, ttive i
time and we will supply you; the'
Monitor ' a winner. See j
tf ;S-Vn.EKIELD & Dodsox.
HJcIGnnon, Undcrsan Ij Rosier.
QUO VADIS" Means " WHITHER GOEST THOU?"
THAT'S a question that it would be unnecessary to ask
of the great majority of people who do their shopping
in this town. Most all of them come here. More especial
ly those who pay cash for what they buy, and they not only
save money by coming, but they avoid worry and trouble
and misunderstandings. "I like to come here, there's always
something new," was overheard in our store last Monday.
And the'store was never brighter, fresher and more full of
Spring newness than light now. . ;
a 1 1 ii TV i ri .
r rove cms uy tne uress Lioocis stocks.
Prove this by the Silk Stocks. ' : ',
Prove this by the endless varieties and designs of filmy,
multi-colored Organdies, that look like nature's work in
place of the weaver's and dyer's art.
And all the Easter fixings are here, ;
The Kid Gloves, the Silk . Ties and Sashes, the pretty
jeweled belts and girdles.
But we can't tell you all. Toifd better come Jor all your
needs. : . j
Twenty-four Hundred 200 Dozen ! ,
Men's Pure Linen Collars, in all the new ntvlns. tn crn on haIa in Um
Annex next Saturday morning at 10 cents each.
These Collars are made of 2100 pure Irish Linen, and whether you pay
15c, 20o or 25c each, you get no better. 10c each, one or a dozen.,.
And Next Monday, Eastor Llonday.
Here are Five Items of Interest.
Ulack 'All-Wool Grenadines.
They come from last season and there's Just eight pieces in the lot
About 250 yards. ; Last season they were $1.00, 90o, 75q and 50o yard.
Next Monday they'll be down to 35c the yard.
Ladies' Sam mer Vests. ; ,
White Lisle Finish, Cotton Vests, Silk Taped Neck and Sleeve Band,,
and you'd have to look twice to tell the difference between these and some
other stores' 25o vests, ''
! , Monday, lo cents each.
Ladies' Ready-made Skirts. , (
Black Brocaded and Plain Black Serge, good values at $3.50 and
$4.00 each. ;
; , Monday, $2.98 each.
Children's Oxford Ties. r ; .
Sizes 5 to 10. Black and Tan. Some of them were 85c and some
This Lot Monday at 45 cents pair.
Mhses Black and Tan Oxfords.
, Sizes 11 to 2. About two dozen pairs. They were $1.25 and $1.50 pair.
, This Lot Monday, at COc pair.
If you've waited till now to get your Easter Suit, this is
just simply to remind you again that its here ready for you.
Youth's Suits, from 14 to 19. I Little Boys' Vestee Suits. ' ,
Men'sSuits. Bigger Boys' Two Piece 8uits. ,
They are all here. Made right. Rlghtstyles. Priced right.
There's a young man's $10.00 Suit here that can go Into any $15.00 society
in the land. But its just $10.00 here. Suits for loss. Suits for more. But
in every case, a hundred CASH cents worth of value.
If you see it in our ad. it's so. w
cICennon, Anderson & Foster.
Post Script Extra. We have just received by to-day's
express, a pretty line of Plaid P. K., in all the new colorings.
, McK., A. & F.
Colored Public School.
This brings us to the thirtieth week of
our present school term ; only ten weeks
longer aud it will be told how profita
bly we have spent them, or what the
idle girl or boy has achieved.
We think the parents and children
too, have awakened this term to a sense
of duty greater than ever before ex
hibited. The daily registers will up
hold this assertion, for therein is shown
more pupils entered and remaining in
school than ever before. And yet it is a
deplorable sight to go along tne streets
of Columbia, and see so many idle chil
dren. Idle in the true senseof the word,
hut constantly in mischief and fast fill
ing the work-house and jail. If the
parents will keep their children from
Mchool, they flhotili put them to work
and keep them off the streets, thereby
saving themselves, their children anil
society a deal of trouble.
Third quarterly examination was
held last week. Upon the whole the
pupils did very well. All reports are
uot in vet.
The fourth (trade has completed the
prescribed geography with a pretty
thorough knowledge of the same, and
the teacher has seen tit, for the next
month to supplement Tennessee as a
study, 'thereby Raining information
concerning its districts, counties, re
The Tennessee and United Sta'es
History classes keep themselves well
pofted on the Spanish-American af
fairs, and a general knowledge of the
same is given to nearly all of the
The literary club of the school met
last Friday and rendered a programme
to quite an appreciative audience.
In the beginning of th present term
the faculty of this school deemed it Qt
to Invite speakers or lecturers twice a
month to address the school, that said
speakers may let fall some words that
would take deep root in our pupTs
hearts, and constrain them to lead
higher ana better lives. Prof. Johnson
h spared no pains In his efforts in
ouf.u v.. l;pst:c:; fcrnr.: ;o r.-.-.r
building recently a Mr. Hntler, who
made the whole school one Biasing
class and in a half hours' time the chil
dren left the chapel knowing more
thau ever before about vocal music.
Hon. L. P. Padgett addressed us the
first of this quarter. Many thanks.
Ke. Ounatly of the A. M. K. church
whs with us recently.
Mrs. S. W. Kariy, k woman w ho has
travelled extensively in this country in '
the interest of Teriiperanoe, was with
us last week.
Rev. G. W. Parks of Nashville, State
Missionary of Education, called and
addressed us last week) his remarks
were very inspiring.
Mr. Ril'oy of Tuskegee Normal School,
was with us recently. He galls for Af
rica May 22nd as a missionary.
One of the most interesting lectures
that has been given our school this
term waa by Prof. Kieblngs of Phila
delphia, white friend of the negro race
who has devoted a deal of his life study
ing the interest and condition of th&
negroes. , .. .. i . , , :j
Mr. Charles Stewart of the Chicago-Inter-Ocean,
a journalist of no little re-
pute, was with us last Friday morning.
Mr. Htewart in bis witty way addressed
the school,' which i wa highly appre
ciated, lie told the punilathat they ;
must Ket education for the head, relig
ion for the heart and money for the
Rev. Mr. Waynick of the Cumberland
Presbyterian church, was with us Fri
Out worthy principal Prof. J. II..
Kelly has not bcon so well during tho
month of March; however, ho has re
mained at his post.
The Janitor, Goo. Brown, April-fooled
ns the lirstday of April by coming from
town and telling us that war had been
declared betweou the United Slates and
Minmk Y. Whytk, Reporter.
Chisel in hand, stood a sculptor boy.
With his marble block before him,
And his face lit up with a sinilo of Joy
As an angel dream passed o'er him;'
lie carved the dream in that shapeless
With many a (harp Incision ;
With heaven's own light the sculptor
shone, 1 .
He bad caught that aagel vision.
Soiwpiommilfe ate we, an wt Uud
With our souls uncarved before us;
u ait ng the hour when at God's com
mand, I : . ' i , . ; ,
Oar lifo dream shall pass o'er in.
If we carve it, then on the yielding
With many a sharp incision,
It is heavenly beauty shall he our own,
Our liven, that angel vision.
, Btlliij I.M;A ' I,',