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TTTE COLUMBIA IIEBA Li: FTUDA Y. A PHIL 22,
Pnblisned by the Herald Publishing Co.
In the County $1.00.
Oat of the County 1.25.
Entered at the pout-office Bt Columbia, Ten
nessee as second-class mall matter.
F. D. LANDER, Editor.
THE AV A It SCAltE AMI "YELLOW"
Mr. Joseph Pulitzer, editor-in-chief
of the New York World, has
recently published in his paper over
his own signature an editorial which
has perhaps attracted more atten
tion and more favorable criticism
than any other one article that has
yet been written on the impending
Mr. Pulitzer takes the side of the
argument that has been signally
neglected, and undertakes to show,
and does show, by facts and figures
whose logic are irresistible, the gro
tesque absurdity of all the alarm
and alarums felt and made over a
possible conflict that "crn be practi
cally ended in forty -eifht hours."
The following extracts from Mr.
Pulitzer's article though hardly do
ing the article itself full Justice
will throw some valuable light up
on the situation :
'Spain is a decaying, ignorant, well
nigh bankrupt nation, over 4,000 miles
distant from her base of operations in
Cuba. She has a population of 17,000,000,
78 per cent, of which Is illiterate. She
is the lowest in civilization and pro
gress of any nation in Europe practi
cally without commerce, industries,
money or credit. Her 4 per cent, bonds
are quoted in Paris at 4K, while United
States 4's sell at 121 Her paper money
is at a discount of 42 percent. Spanish
securities rank with those of Greece
and the smaller South American re
publics. She has a debt of $1,251,452,000,
or nearly $75 per capita, and has been
unable to make a new loan in this
crisis. The United States have voted
$50,000,000 for preparation for peace, and
can have $500,000,X)0 for the asking.
".Is war is a matter of money, what
chance has Spain
"For three years past Cuba has been
in revolt. Spain has sent to the island
more than '..'0(1,000 soldiers, commanded
in turn by her ablest Generals Campos,
Weyler and Blanco. They have all
failed. The Cubans In arms now num
ber little more than 30,000, poorly clad,
ill-fed, imperfectly armed, unpaid, and
yet they control the greater part of the
island. They hold Spain at bay.
"For two years past the inhabitants
of the Philippine Islands, the last of
Spain's colonial possessions save Cuba
and Porto Itico, have also been in re
volt. They are but little more virile
than the feeblest of the feeble races, the
Sandwich Islanders, and yet Spain has
been unable to put them down.
"The only Spanish naval force to be
considered in case of prompt action are
tho Vizcaya and the Oquendo, now at
Porto Itico. They could not stand for
an hour against the formidable ships
which Capt. Sampson can despatch
aKsinst them from Key West. To
doubt that our fleet can capture or sink
these ships is as absurd as to doubt that
75,000,000 people are stronger than 17,000,
000. "Coal is as necessary to modern war
ships as powder. They cannot move or
fiith t without it. Spain i" Cuba is 4,000
miles distant from her supplies of coal
and of food, and the moment we seize
Cuba and Porto Uice her fleet will be at
our disposal. I it not lunacy to sup
pose that her other ships will cross the
ocean to fall into our hands after the
war is practically over?
"Havana is at our mercy. The Al
fonso XII., bottled up in the harbor, is
impotent for defensive purposes. The
city could not endure a forty-eight
hours' bombardment by our fleet.
"And this in the nation that talk of
WA It u ith the United States!
"Vet despite all these facts a distin
guished orator, Carl Schurz, in his re
marks before the Chamber of Com
merce in pleading for further delay and
against prompt action, made this amaz
"I happened to be a soldier during the
late war. I was at Gettyshurg, and the
day after the battle I rode atom; the
lines to see how the wounded were be
ing cared for. I saw some 10,000 or
15,000 of them, and I saw heaps of cut
off arms and legs six, seven, eight feet
high, and I heard the groans of the
mutilated and the dying, and I saw the
ambulances that carried them away. I
heard their cries for help. I have seen
the field-hospitals tilled with those poor
fellows in the agony of death.
"Hut, Mr. Schurz, is this true? Has
your perfervid oratory any real founda
tion in fact? Has not your imagination
wildly run away with your sense of
accuracy? What is sensationalism but
exaggeration? And is not this horrible
picture the grossest exaggeration? Is
it not calculated to deceive and mislead
and alarm the ignorant and the un
thinkingto stir up popular passion
and arouse unworthy fears?
"Mr. Schurz, of course, does not be
lieve that a 'war' with Spain would
lev! to a second battle of Gettysburg a
conflict in which over 215,000 troops
were engaged and more than 45,000
were killed, wounded or missing. He
does not expect to see in the eviction of
Spain from Cuba, what no human be
ing saw even at Gettysburg, 'heaps of
cut-off arms and legs six, seven, eight
feet high.' He knows that there is not
the faintest prospect that one Spanish
soldier will ever set foot on our shores,
or that our troops will have any seri
ous fighting to do in Cuba.
"Why, then, conjure the dreadful
horrors of great and actual war? Why
sensationalize in speech when rebuk
ing the sensationalism of an Isolated
and irresponsible journal? Yellow ora-'
toryonone side is as bad as 'yellow
journalism' on tho other.
"But Mr. Schurz admits by inference
that there are necessary wars. He is
for peace 'as long as it can honorably be
maintained.' Ip not Force necessary
when it is the only way to secure peace
with honor? Can peace he honorably
maintained when our battle-ship has
been treacherously blown up in the
harbor of a nation nominally at peace
with us, but whose citizens and ollicials
have given repeated and unmistakable
proofs of their hatred, and when that
nation makes no excuse or offer of
reparation and takes no steps to dis
cover and punish the miscreants?
"If the Maine and her dead sea
men do not afford a reason for demand
ing satisfaction from Spain, it is difll
cult to conceive of any insult to our flag
tliHt would call for resentment.
"If the destruction of the Maine by a
stationary submarine Government
mine in Havana Harbor is to go un
atoned and unavenged, how can Ameri
cans talk of the 'nstional honor?'
What is the use in building and main
taining a navy?
"There is also the previous question
the eighty -year-old menace to our peace
and shock to our sensibilities in the
misrulF, anarchy and cruel oppression
in Cuba. In a message to Congress in
181S, eighly years ago, President Mon
roe made this statement, which de
scribes the situation in that island
most of 'he time since then, and is
especially applicable to it now:
"Spain's territory ought not to be
made instrumental, through her
inability to defend it, to purposes so in
jurious to the United States. To a
country over which she fails to main
tain her authority, and which she per
mits to he converted to the annoyance
of her neighbors, her jurisdiction for
the time necessarily ceases to exist.
"The law and the facts thus tersely
stated by Monroe have been in sub
stance the basis of protest against
Spain's chronic failure in Cuba by
nearly every President since his time.
Spain still fails to 'maintain her au
thority' in Cuba. For three years the
island has been in a state of Bnarchy a
nuisance and a menace to this country.
Spain's 'jurisdiction having ceased to
exist,' it is the right of the United
States to end a situation which Presi
dent McKinley truly says has become
'insufferable.' Under the higher law of
nations and by the dictate of humanity
it is our duty to command peace and to
establish order here on the enduring
basis of Freedom.
"In view of these facts the patience of
the President, of Congress and of the
people has been such as noother nation
would have displayed in the face of an
insult so immeasurable, a crime so
dastardly and unprecedented.
"It is indeed time for action, and if
Spain does not vield to our Just demand
it U time for Force, or war, if it must
be so called, 'short sharp and decisive.'
But there will be no such terrors as Mr.
Schurz draws with rhetorical Bk ill from
his overheated imagination. There is
In truth something almost Quixotic in
the 'gravity of the situation' as felt by
many good people. The 'mustering of
the militia,' the 'mobilizing of troops.'
and all the paraphernalia, pomp and
circumstance of grim-visaged war by
this great nation of 75,000,Oimi people and
of illimitable resources, has really its
ridiculous aspects. We could hardly
make a greater preparation if we were
facing a war with all Europe, instead of
getting ready to do the work which
Gomez would perform alone if he had a
few ships banish the poor remnants of
Spain's impotent power in Cuba.
"The revival of patriotism is in itself
beautiful and inspiring. But so much
excitement is hardly necessary. It is
as if the 'champion of America' were to
go into training in order to discipline a
vicious but small and sickly boy. And
sti'l it is perhaps hardly to be wondered
at when yellow orators descant on the
horrois of real war, and jaundiced
journals reprint harrowing hospital
and field surgeons' records 'lest we
"It is time to demand a noble and un
selfish satisfaction for the Maine in
freedom for Cuba. It is time to put an
end to Spain's barbarous policy of
oppression and extermination ninety
miles from our shores. It is time to in
sist upon peace with honor because
peace with justice. But it is time also
to check tho sensationalism which is
conjuring a great and bloody war out of
a conflict that can be practically ended
in forty-eight hours.
"No lover of peace, no lover of justice,
no lover of his country ought to hesi
tate in urging the Government to strike
one swift and decisive blow, now that a
conflict is made inevitable by the mad
folly of Npain, and thus end the sus
pense, the uncertainty and the expendi
ture of $1,000,000 a day in mere prepara
tion. To be 'short and sharp' in war is
to be merciful as well as economical.
"The tirt-t duty of the President and
of Congress is to order our navy to pro
ceed to Cuba and Porto Uieo without an
other day's delay. No declaration of
war is necessary. Send the fleet to
Havana, as Jackson would do, and de
mand the surrender of the miscreants
who blew up the Maine. Shell the
town within twelve hours if the de
mand shall be refused. Iespatch tho
flying squadron to Porto Rico to dispose
of the Spanish ships there. With these
islands captured the affair will be over
and Cuba Free!
"It would hardly be war, but it would
Engines and Threshers.
If you want the best, we know it
will p y you to see us. We will
have sample engine and thresher in
our ware-rooms. Ho you can see
what you buy. We sell three dif
ferent makes. Come to see them.
Craiu Cakriaok & Machixk Co.
..., if !
A STATE OF WAR NOW EXISTS.
Woodford Given His Passports Defore the Ultimatum is Pre
sentedNorth Atlantic Squadron Leaves Key
West, Hound for Havana.
Washington, April 21. Special. Minister Wood
ford was given his passports by the Spanish Government
early this (Thursday) morning, and was notified that the
diplomatic relations between the two countries had
ceased. This action was taken before the President's
ultimatum could be presented. Minister Woodford left
Madrid at 4 o'clock this afternoon.
Spanish Fleet 11 Konte.
Washington, April 21, 4 p. m. Special. The
Spanish government considers that the President's ulti
matum constitutes a declaration for war. Their fleet is
on its way to meet that of the United States.
Set Sail for Havana.
Washington, April 21, 4 p. m. Special. The
North Atlantic squadron set sail shortly after 3 o'clock
this afternoon for Havana from Key West. The Flying
Squadron will move against Porto Rico.
Postmaster-General Gary Resigns.
Washington, April 21. Special. Postmaster
General Gary has resigned on account of ill health.
Charles Emory Smith, of Pennsylvania, has been ap
pointed in his place.
HERN A DO LEAVES.
Spanish Minister Applies for Puss
ports and Gets Them.
Before Dolnit So, However, tlm l'rexIcK'nt
Thrmich lliin SmcN HIh lltl
liiHtuni to feaiii.
Washington, April 20. This was
a day of events in the history of the
Cuban question. The piguature by
the President to the joint resolution
requiting intervention in Cuba; the
notification of that action to tho
Spanish Minister here; his demand
for passports; the department's
prompt reply to that demand; the
deuarture of the Spanish Minister,
and the transmission of our ultima
tum to Spain, followed in ntpid suc
cession. By his ultimatum President Mc
Kinley gave Spain to distinctly un
derstand that she must immediately
evacuate Cuba, and that the United
States would give her until Satur
day morning to submit her final re
ply. The ultimatum embodies the Cu
ban resolutions passed by Congress,
and, while observing diplomatic
courtesy, is nevertheless strong and
resolute in tone. It admits of no
doubt or misconstruction. It is not
expected that Spain will reply to
the President's ultimatum, preferr
ing to treat it with silent contempt.
The President's plan, however,
provides for any contingency that
may arise. If an answer is received
prior to Saturday morning in tiie na
ture of a refusal, steps will im
mediately be taken to blockade
Havana. On the other hand, the
President will await the answer of
Spain until the time limited before
making a move of any sort.
It can be positively stated to
night that the present rlans do not
contemplate a bombardment of
Havana and other Cuban ports as
the first step. The blockade will be
first put into eifect. If the naval
and military forces of Spain attack
the blockading squadron, of course
the attack will be repelled and a
bombardment of Havana and other
cities will follow. The intention at
present, however, is that the block
ading force shall not fire a shot for
While the blockade is in force the
army of the United States will be
hurried forward to Key West, ready
to land in Cuba So soon as this
army is ready for work and trans
ports have been provided, bombard
ment and capture will fillow, unless
fighting has been forced by that
time upon the navy.
It is known that more than one
port of Cuba will be invested by the
navy. People of Havana and prob
ably Matanzas will wake up Sunday
morning to look far out to sea and
find the fighting ships of the United
States on guard. Not a commercial
or other vessel will be allowed to
leave or enter these ports and un
less the Spaniards fight tney must
starve. No help can reach them ex
cept from Spain's war ships, which
will be met and fought. If these
war ships defeat those of this coun
try then relief cm be given the be
The Latent New.
Hill providing for calling out the
volunteer forces passed the House
Wednesday Tennessee will be ask
ed for 2,000, and National Guard of-
fleers up to Colonels will be protec
ted in their rights.
The Spanish Cortes was opened
Wednesday amidst much enthusi
asm. The Queen Regent read a
More offers from people desiring to
volunteer have been received from
Tennessee than from any other one
A dispatch from Chattanooga says
j the Tennessee troops may be order
ed out in a few days.
Ships are being procured to trans
port United States troops to Cuba.
VOX POITU, VOX DEI.
The surging waves, with might sulli
cient to crush leviathan ships, are turn
ed into harmless ripples by the sands;
thev have to break before the force of
little grains clinging close tonether.
The proud spirit of man vaunting it
self to be something great, is brought to
the dust by invisible creatures that per
meate the system and gradually weaken
the forces preparatory to the one gnat
The unrighteous nation whose guide
is passion, and vhose god is cold, whose
spirit setteth itself like a tliut against
mercy and tenderness, lias its day. Its
own wilfulness prepares the way for its
destruction. The small within it are
used to confound the mighty.
To the sea, to the man. to the nation
goes forth the tint "Thus far shalt
thou go and no farther!"
Thunder is not the voice of God,
neither is clamor the voice of the peo
ple. He is the still small voice inaudi
ble to the world that holds the planets
in their silent orbits, and the seasons to
their recurrence, that gives the dry
land its bounds, and to lives their
sphere. The marshaled hosts of the
night skins, and the dumb ache of the
trial-perfected soul both unite to give
tone to his voice. The voice of the
nation is heard in the majestic quiet,
which, after much trial from evil,
speaks in acts that break down resis
tance, or it may even be heard in the si
lent suffering that seems to pas unno
ticed, save tor the attentive ear of the
One to whom the fall of a sparrow is
known. But, sooner or late', the si
lence of effort or suffering becomes a
noise of victory the oppression ceases,
and t he voice of the people mingles
with the voice of God.
Let us apply the thought. Haughty
Spain is tottering to national doom. It
has ever oppressed without wisdom,
and slain without reason. Its hands
have been imbrued in the blood of its
finest children, from the persecution of
the saints to the expellingof the Moors :
from the confiscation of Jewish prop
erty to the gathering of wretched Cu
bans to starve. The dumb tongues
have been gathering volume all these
aces; they have cried out for ven
geance, and they have been heard.
The brutality to the helpless and harm
less is the last drop in the brimming
cup of wrath. The small and the op
pressed are the chosen instruments of
punishment; for it is these non-combatants
who have aroused the thinking
world, and a mighty neighbor. It is
their feeble pipings, and the stern voice
of those who would die for them that
shouts at last to proud Castile "Thus
far and no farther!"
The great deeds of the past in which
we profess to tra're God's hand and in
terference in tho affairs of men, have
ever been wrought by men's hands.
Miracles and men work together. Di
vine influence comes through human
mediums, and thus now as we a nation
that hath itself been brought up through
great tribulatiou are spending our
ITciennon, Anderson Foster.
Wince Armed Is He
1 Who Hath his Quarrel Just."
This is a quaint way of saying i mighty tiuthful saying.
But it's applicable to a merchant, as well as any other kind
of an individual or a nation. Thrice armed is the merchant
who keeps the confidence of his customers. And there's
only one way to keep it " TOTE FAIR."
We think that's one reason why it seems like it's down hill
from everywhere to our store. Looks like all the new
things the good things get here first. And the people
from all around heie have found it out.
Looking at it from our standpoint though, it don't seem
like the weather man treated us nor you fair last Mon
day, though scores came through the rain for our special
offerings. And it will pay you to come again
or any other day for that matter.
Fine Dress Patterns. We've
taken a funny notion about ten fine
dress patterns. Seven of them are
right new, this season's goods, three
of them are from last season; $11.50
was the highest price, and $7.50 was
the lowest. We've given them leaving
orders for next 51onday morning;
at $3.1)0 each.
Salesmen's Samples of stamped
Linens and Irish Point Work-About
half of these samples were sold last
Monday. The balance of the lot goes
on sale next Monday morning; at
exactly wholesale prices.
Pillow Shams, Dresser Scarfs, Cen
tre Pieces, Doilies, etc., etc, in Irisli
Point Work and Stamped Linens.
Ladies' Munlin Underwear.
Four items from the stock of Ladies'
Muslin Underwear, go on sale next
Monday morning with prices ail
No. 005, Ladies' Sack Night
Dress, of good muslin, cambric ruf
fles, high neck, Monday, 29c each,
in place of 40c.
Nature Moulds Men in Many Models and our clothes makers have
studied them all. Long and slim people, stout people, stooped people, as
well as "regular shaped" people, all are provided for here. Little Boys'
Vestee Suits, Bigger Boys' Manish Suits. And of course our prices are
lower than others, especially if you count quality and style, which you do.
Men's Dollar Neglicee Shirts, at G5c each. Not many though,
maybe 40 shirts in the lot. No collars, detached culls, white neckbands
and wristbands. Sizes i to 16. In fact they're ahead of most dollar
shirts. While this lot lasts, 05c each.
If you see it in our ad. it's so. 14
cKennon, Anderson & Foster.
best, our blood, if need be ourselves for
those too sunken to know scarcely
what is being wrought for them we, I
say, are where the great unselfish ones
have stood before us. Our deeds and
our affections go out to the needy and
the oppressed, and we are nation
ally raised thereby. Kvery deed done
to bless the unblessed, or to save the
lost, is an uplift to a nation that has
been too material, and that now ses
clearly that there be things more pre
cious than gold, and that one of them
is "Service to the Weak."
The great parable of brotherly love
shows us that the neighbor of the na
tion that fell among thieves does not
establish its neighborliness by being
rich, or by being on tho other side of a
narrow highway, but by tenderly lift
ing up the wounded, and by fearlessly
driving off the persecutors. Our atti
tude is the attitude of the Oood Samar
itan. Our justification Tor interfering
with those who are not blood of our
blood, nor llesh of our tiesh is simply
liis Justification "I saw need and I met
it. I saw suffering aud I bent to re
lieve it; I saw evil treatment and I un
did the work of the thieves." And the
morning after the relief He went on
His way. So shall we. We have neither
part nor parcel in Cuba whan the deed
of merciful force is done. When the sick
are refreshed, and comfort is given, we
have our duties here at home, and they
their privileges there at their home,
and the two homes are nut one. Thus
just because no nation on earth can
read selfishness Into our majestic re
bukings and our tender ministrations,
no one has reason for putting restraint
We declare that :ie irness entails re
No. 1778, Ladies' Night Dress
of good muslin, low neck, cambric
ruffle, trimmed with Insertion,
Monday, 49c each in place of 05e.
No. 499, Ladies' Umbrella
Drawers, of good muslin, cambric
ruffles, trimmed with imitation Tor
chon Lace, splendid 45c value,
31onday, 29c pair.
No. 555, Ladies' Umbrella
Drawers, of good muslin, cambric
ruffles, cambric edging, Monday,
39c pair in place of 50c.
Blisses and Childrens' Slip
pers. Another opportunity in Miss
es' and Children's Slippers. Forty
eight pairs of Misses one-strap San
dals, in black, tan and Oxblood.
They were last season's up-to-date
styles at $1 .50 and $2 00 pair, sizes
n2 to 2. Monday, 85c pair.
Thirty-six Pairs of Children's
Fine one-strap Sandals, in tan, black
and a few with patent leather vamps.
They were $1.00 and $1.25 pair. Mon
day, GOc pair.
sponsibility ; for the strong one who
can defend is the one who ought to de
fend the near one who is oppressed.
We declare that force must be met by
force; for savage beasts have no respect
for gentle voices. A tightening grip
upon the throat, and a belaboring cud
gel are the only arguments for blood
hounds whose Jaws drip with innocent
We declare that the moderation of
the stench of cruelty and of war be
neath our very nostrils has been prom
ised again and again, only each time,
for the promise to be broken, and we
therefore declare that Spain has neither
power to put down the insurgent gov
ernment nor set up the autonomous.
The voice of the people has spoken
after silence too long, and hesitancy
even fatal; but the quiet solemnity of
its voice, the power and the volume of
it, bespeak a national utterance from a
national heart that pulsates with one
mighty throb in unison with every
deed of nobility ever done. Vox rop
vpli, Vox )ci!!
Judge John Moore of Marion,
Ala., father of John Trotwood
Moore, of Columbia, was given the
unanimous nomination of the Demo
cratic convention of his district, this
week, for Circuit Judge; the Demo
cratic nomination there amounting
to an election Judge Moore was
first elected in IStitt, but under car
pet bag rule was thrown out. In
1880 he was again nominated and
elected by the Democrats, and for
the 18 years since then has held the
office. When his next term expires,
he will have been Judtre of his cir-
cuit for a quarter of a century.