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THE COLUMBIA IIEKAL,i: FlUDAY, APkIL 2- 181S.
DOBBINS & EWING.
HARDWARE AND QUEENSWARE.
The only CASH HOUSE in this line in Columbia; when you trade with us you do
not poy other people's bad debts. You always get value received.
Builders' Hardware, Hails, Locks, Hinges, Etc:, Etc.
THE KNOWN Nl'ItlXti TRIP CULTIVATOR has proven a grand success. The only sprint? trip which
has ever given absolute satisfaction.
DEERING HARVESTING MACHINERY.
Our New Light Running Tennessee Wagons are the Rest.
; Mind Stackers.
Citizens' Telephone 73:
Agricultural anil Live
The harrow is the hestweed killer
on the farm. The right time toi kilt
weeds is just as they are coming
through the soil. " " ,
Matters of chance have no rlghtto
a placw on any farm in this day and
age. Results of all farm labor should
follow as a legitimate end of knowl
edge rightly applied.
Study household economy on the
farm, and make your money go
farther. There is no surer remedy
for hard times. Buy for cash, and
get the very lowest market prices;
but buy nothing you can produce at
The healthfulness of farm life is
one of its greatest advantages over
other occupations, and "one which
can not b measured nor valued by
money. When growling think of
these compensating features; there
are a good many of them, if you will
take time to consider.
Farmers have not been making as
signments nor Jbeen closed out by
the Sheriff as much as some other
people. The farmer who has a fair
amount of good land, some good
stock and the facilities requisite for
doing his work well and economi
cally is in a much safer condition
financially than men in most other
lines of business.
Remember that no after labor can
wholly compensate for neglect in
preparation. There is not a single
operation in the cultivation of the
crop which is or so much impor
tance as that of getting the soil in
thorough tilth before sowing the
He is fortunate who has a growing
crop of rye to plow under before
planting bis corn this spring, espe
cially if his land has ben exhaus
ted by preceding crops of the same
grain. It restores missing elements.
In no other way can such land be
restored more thoroughly, easily or
cheaply; and the ryu has been serv
ing it own good purposes in other
Why do farmers permit their long
lanes to go to waste year after year?
This is a fearful extravagance in the
end; then there are the odd nooks,
which are not as productive as they
should be. In all these spaces sotne
thing in the line of root crfps of fod
der crops, or potatoes, could be
grown. Every foot of land should
pay more thau its own taxes and in
terest. Inere is invariably more clear
money in raising crops to supply the
wants, necessities or requirements
of near by neighbors than in trying
to supply the larger and more dis
tant market. Let us not despise the
day of small things. There is more
profit in one-fourth of an acre of on
ions thau in four acres of corn or to
bacco; more in 100 hens well cared
for than in $100 worth of any other
kind jf stock ; more in butter at 25
cents a pound than in cotton at f 40 a
bale; more in sweet potatoes tban in
four times the area planted in al
most any other crop.
Now that wire can be bought for a
price which enables the farmer to
put up an efficient and durable fence
at a very moderate cost, there seems
to be only two purposes, and these
to only a limited extent, for which
he can to any degree of profit em
ploy a hedge; these purposes are for
ornament and for a wind break.
In all lines of farm work the plans
should be laid with reference to a
long period of time; otherwise the
best work can not be done. When a
field is plowed the owner should not
only consider what is to be done
with it during the season which is
near at hand, but alo what crops
shall be grown upon it during suc
ceeding years, until it is laid down
It is usually wise to diversify our
farm stock as we do our crops. If we
fail in the one thing to which we
give especial attention we have
uothing on which to fall back.
There is really no best breed in
any division of the stock industry.
All depends upon the situation and
our requirements. Do not buy heavy
cattle tor hill pastures nor Merino
sheep to grow mutton.
Ensilage made from sweet corn
supplies a whiter food which is the
cheapest grown, and it gives the
- Stock. Department.
best results in feeding the breed Ing
sows in winter. Hard field corn is
not so good, nor is it relished so
well. Swine will walk all over the
one to get at the other, and, if prop
erly harvested, wi'l eat up stalks,
corn and tops. Nothing is wasted.
When feeding skim milk to the
calves and pigs do not feed it alone.
To get its full value feed it with
bran or meal, or even with grain.
Do not depend upon the early
grass to keep up the growth of young
stock or to fatten the older, but sup
ply regular rations of grain, and
look well to the water supply and
the shelter. Feed liberally until the
full irrass is available. '
Clover hay contains more nitro
genous nutrition than other grasses.
This makes it hard to cure without
turning dark colored ; but the late
clover crop, which is always nearly
black when got into the barn, is for
sheep, cows and calves the best hay
If you will be short of pasture in
July and Augut put in a fpw acres
of Canada field peas and oats, each
about one and a half bushels an
acre, drilled in together. It may be
cut early and fed to horses, milch
cows or other stock.
The corn for the silo should not be
cut too green ; it is green food we
are after, but a crop so green that it
is mainly water is uot food at all.
There is much poor silage. The
nearer we can get to a good crop of
com for husking and shocking the
better it is for silage, except that it
should be cut before the leaves and
the stalks dry up.
Ry permitting oats to ripen and
separating the grain from the straw
we add to the expense, but not at all
to the value of them. Only by cut
ting and curing as hay can we pro
cure anything like the full feeding
valu" of the straw. Father for the
dairy or for feeding horses cut the
oats while in the milk.
When we let young stock shift for
itself, under the plea of saving the
expense of providing shelter, we
will find that it makes the produc
tion of beef, butter, milk, wool, etc.,
pretty expensive. It is cheap at the
outset, but pretty dear in the final
Just because the better class of
grades are as satisfactory for pro
ductive purposes and for work, let us
not make the mistake of thinking
they will as certainly meet all the
requirements for breeding purposes.
The grade represents only itself; th
full blooded animal represents not
only itself, but also the breed to
which it belongs. The grade in
herited certain qualities from its
parents, but the full blooded animal
has a long line of praiseworthy an
cestors. Let us not have so much
faith in individual exellence as we
liave in irreproachable pedigree;
and yet a grade may fill our want ex
actly, and have prime points of
beauty and symmetry.
It is wise to have no more furni
ture in the chicken house than is
absolutely necessary, and let that be
light and movable. However care
fully you clean and fumigate, white
wash and disinfect, you will still
have lice about. The less there is
to handle, the more successful will
you be in your battles. If there
must be partitions, let them be of
It is not best to otTer your fowls
for sale during the moulting season.
Moulting is in no sense a disease,
but the system is so drained that the
meat loses its flavor and its tender
and juicy condition.
On the average, perhaps, it costs
us about one dollar a head to feed
our poultry for a year; therefore, the
hen has to lay about 100 eggs to pay
for her keeping. It is only after
that that the clear profits come in.
Even carbolic acid is not sure
death to all formsof parasites. Lime
is much more potent, and if poultry
houses are whitewashed from time
to time the nuisance will be more
BUpely abated, although they breed
fast. Grease the perches occasion
ally, and even dip their ends in solid
To be in a good condition for lay
ing the hen should never have a full
crop during the day. The warm
meal of mixed food ia the morning
Our new steel binders, with steel
platform, and all wearing parts fitted
with roller and ball bearings, insures
light draft and but little wear.
for 1898 are perfect in construction. Be
rated ledger plate in guards saves
grinding. Hall and Roller bearings,
makes them easy to handle.
Deering Hay Rakes are all steel with
combined pole and shafts, so you
can work one or two horses, as you
please. They possess several points
superior to any other.
Garr Scott Engines and Threshers,
should be a very light one. A quart
of mixed, ground grains, moistened,
is sufficient to give 40 hensj a start,
and then scatter two or three quarts
of whole grains among the litter for
them to find during the day. If we
pamper our hens they will not lay.
Do not throw long grass to the
fowls, unless it be a sod. It will not
take long to run it through a cutter;
then feed it in troughs. It should
not be over an inch long.
In poultry and dairying it pays to
sell to the consumers direct. Put an
advertisement in the town newspa
per that you have fresh butter, fresh
eggs and prime fowls to sell, and see
how quickly your "upply is spoken
for. You will no longer need to sell
to grocers at their own prices. Buy
ers are never sure of getting fresh
eggs, or escaping oleomargarine.
The egg shell is porous, and when
ever it comes in contact with filth
of any kind the quality of the egg is
very quickly injured. Eggs for
hatching should be washed in warm
water before being set, that all
closed porey may be opened.
Chicks In the shell need the air
which comes to them through their
covering. If a broken egg is smear
ed over the rest, which contain
living chicks, the chicks quickly
die. If the albumen remains over
the shell even for a short time after
the germ has started iuro life the
egg will be quickly addled.
One of the difficulties in early set
tings of eggs is that they often be
come chilled before being put
under the hen. I) ) not keep them
in metal pans, as the custom is too
In dealing with poultry keep track
of each bird, and do not depend
wholly upon this or that breed.
The question of profit lies with he
individuals. Any variety can be
made profitable by keening watch
of the different fowls.
Everything which is in tho egg
must be supplied in the food, and
the subject of feeding should be a
study. Let us at least remember
that an egg contains oil, phos
phorous, sulphur, lime and nitrogen.
Let the fowls have drinking
troughs into which it will be im
possible for them to get with
their feet. Their water becomes
foul, and to it we nvxy attribute
There is no excellence without
great labr, no matter how we at
tempt to obtain a livelihood. Those
who who do not spray their or
chards an 1 take pains to procure
sound 4ruit will be driven out of the
market; the moth has made it very
hard to get perfect fruit for many
years past, or an abundant crop.
Too severe pruning in any one
season of bearing trees tends to ruin
the crop that year, because it forces
the sap into buds which remain,
and they grow coarse and sappy;
even if blossoms appear the fruit
will not set.
Because fruit trees are more like
ly to grow and thrive when planted
in the spring, the process of heeling
in the fall is to be commended.
Trees left standing are fuller of sap,
and are more likely to be injured by
the frost during the winter; when
dug and covered the wood is more
fully ripened, and will come out
bright and uninjured.
It is just as essential to spray the
fruits to rid them of the insect pests
as it is to spray potatoes to kill the
bugs which destroy the crops. The
orchardist, the grape grower, the
potato farmer, the berry culturist,
the stockman and poultrynian all
depend for the best result on the
sprayer, and much depends upon
the intelligence and persistence
with which it is used.
The formula for the Boreaux mix
ture is readily forgotten, so place
this in 'our scrap book: In a 40
gallon barrel of water suspend four
pounds sulphate of copper, tie in a
coarse sack. In about 12 hours the
pack will be empty. Slack three
pounds of good lime thorougly in
water, cool, stir well, settle, and
then pour olf the milk into the bar
rel through a straining chrh. Stir
the whole well, and strain into the
The farmer.th e mechanic and the bi
cycle rider are liable to unexpected eut
a'nd bruises. leVitt's Witoh Hazel
Salve U the best thing to keep on hand.
It heals quickly, and is a well-known
cure for piles. A. B. Kains. ly
Gov. Robert L. Taylor, who lect
ures at the Auditorium to-nk'ht, h; 8
pretty well silenced his critics who
were wont to censure him for talk
ing to the lecture platform while
governor of the State. This silence
is in part due to the governor's ex
pressed intention to retire from
public life, but in a larger measure
due to the fact that the public de
mands that they be given the enjoy
ment and entertainment which he is
supereminently capable of giving.
The man who can spread so mu-h
sunshine and beauty over lift's
ruggfd highway should not remain
in retirement. The Kift$ with which
he is endowed so ilchly he should
permit his fellow-men to enjoy.
Memphis Commeicial Appeal.
The Spanish authorities set aside
$12,500 for the relief of the loOOOO
reconcentrados in the Havan i pro
vince. This amounted to Spain's
saying to each reconcentrads:
"Here is eight cents for you. Now
go oif and get yourself a suit of
clothes, and lay in a good stock of
provisions and enjoy yourself. Don't
mention your thanks." Memphis
Por Infants and Children.
Noimenae ami Neu-a, O.l U ami Kuil
M ine and Otherwise.
Like the modest violet a noble
heart breathes out its sweetest fra
grance when bruised.
"That man William never lost his
head in a foot ball gams yet, did
lie?" "No, I think not. He's lost an
ear, part of his nose and "ight teeth ;
but I do not remember ever hearing
of his losing his head."
Success is a swinging door; it lias
no knob, and you can only get on
the other side by "push."
The man who confesses his igno
rance, is on the road to wisdom.
A teacher asked a little boy to
spell "responsibility." which he did .
'Xow, Tommy," said the teacher,
"can you tell me the meaning of
that big word?"
"Vis, mum," answered Tommy.
"If I had only four buttons on my
trousers, and two came oil, all the
responsibility would hang on the
other two." Tit-Bits.
A Wonderful DIhcotc ry.
The last quarter of a century records
many wonderful discoveries in medicine,
but none tlitit have accomplished more for
humanity than that sterling old household
remedy, Hrowns'Iron Bitters. It seems to
contain the very elements of pood health,
and neither man, woman or child cim take
it without deriving the prentest henefit.
Browns' Iron Bitters is sold by all dealers.
Bolt Taylor vs. Sam Junes.
Here is Bob Taylor's latest com
pliment to Sam Jones, given in an
interview with a Commercial-Appeal
reporter, in answer to the ques
tion, "How are you and Sam Jones
"I don't know how Sam is getting
along, but I am all Hunt. He said
some time ago that if I had as much
in my head as I have in my heart,
I'd make a better governor. Well,
if Sam had as much in his heart as
he has in his head, he'd make a bet
THE SI HE L (iUIPI'K CTRK.
There is no use siifTering from this
dreadful malady, if vou will only t?et
the right remedy. You are having pain
all through your body, your liver is out
of order, have no appetite, no life or
ambition, have a bad cold, in fact are
completely used up. Hlectric Hitters
is the only remedy that will give you
prompt and sure relief. They act di
rectly on your liver, stomach, and kid
neys', tone up the whole system and
make you feel like a new being. They
are guaranteed to cure or price refun
ded. For sale at Woldridge A Irvine's
drug store, only 50c per bottle.
.1une4 ly. 1
A torpid liver robs you of ambition
and ruins your health. lieWitt's Little
Karly Risers cleanse the liver, cure con
stipation and all stomach and liver
troubles. A. B. Kains. ly
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Cotton 4ii? 5
Sorghum, from wagon ia 20
Butter Um It
Wool 50 25
Ginseng 2 002 2f
Chickens 15 20
Clear sides 5($ fi
Hams i 8
Crimson Clover 3 50
Blu Grass 1 25gl 50
Orchard Grass 1 50
Timothy 1 M
Red Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat "Art! !2
Oats 404 46
Hay Clover, from wagon 50(9 (0
Tiniothv ,froiu wagon 50(i 65
Lard, from wagon .V-CJ 6
Flour, perbbl 4 "5(35 50
Sugar, granulated 5V? 6',
Cotlee KM 10
Meal, from mill 403 45
An I'ncrrtalii Dliwa.
There isnodiM-ose more uncertain in its
nature thau dyspepsia. Physicians My that
the symptoms of no two cuses agree. It is
therefore most iliilicult to make a correct
diagnosis. No matter how sex ere, or under
what disgnisedyopepsia attacks yon Browns'
Iron Bitters will cure it. Invaluable in all
diseases of the stoniuch, Hood and nerves.
Hrowns'Iron Bitters is sold by all dealers.
1 I I
Vegetable Preparation for As
ting lh Stomachs and Dowels of
ncss and Rcst.Contains neither
Opium.Morphine nor Mineral.
Ecapt of OldDr S:MUHmQIEll
Cart anatc Soda
Apcrfcct Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
EXACT COfY OF WRAPPEB.
THE PHOENIX . BANK,
PAID IN CAPITAL"
We solicit the accounts of Farmers, Merchants and others, and guarantee as libera)
treatment as Is consistent with safe business principles.
J. P. STREET, JNO. VV. i'KIKKSON, Jr., J, L. HUTTON,
Janl President. Vice-President. Cashlor.
Strictly a Banking Business.
J. W. FRY.
President. Vice-President. Cashier.
We solicit deposits, no matter how small, and promise courteous attention to oar
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK,
flAecounts of fnrmers. merchants and others solicited.
GhUKOK T.MIIOI1ES, ROBERT C. CHURCH, C.A.PARKER,
J'H President. Vloe-Presldent. Cashier
And dealers in all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Robes, etc. Bodies embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at all hours, day or night.
Elegant New Hearse respectfully solicited. Charges
Office and Sales Room corner Sixth and Main Streets. Citizens' Telephone 45.
War, or Mo War,
Wheat will be a pood price, and it don't pav to run an old
rattle-trap of a thresher, and it pulled by an old enirine
that has 110 power. 8ee what the
Craig Carriage and Machine Co.,
can save you on a new rig. It will not pay you to buy an
old style engine.
THE COMPOUND Is the thing.
Prices low and terms that will suit you. Come and see
us early and you will be surprised at the low price we can
Craig Carriage and Machine Co.
IS ON THE
Castorla Is Tint np In 'one-size tottlei only. It
is not sold la bulk. Don't allow anyone to tell
you anything else on the plea or promise that it
is "just as good" and "will answer every pur
pose," r See that yon get C-A-B-T-0-B-I-A.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS t
J. P. STREET.
JOHN W. KRIERSON, Ja.
JOHN A. OAKKH.
JOHN n. DOBBINS.
J. L. HUTTON.
W. T. IRVINE.
1). F. W'ATKINS.
Bithal Howard. J. P. Brownlow. J. J. Flbvino
J. E. Brownlow. J. F. Browkiow. T. J. Kia.
J. P. BROWNLOW. J. F. KROWNI.OW.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
R. A. Wilkes.
C. A. Parker.
II. L. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. C. Church
A. F. Brown.
W. M. Cheaira.
W. P. Ridley.
K. W. McLemore. Jr,
John W. Cecil.
A. B. Kains.