Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, APRIL 29, 1898.
NEWS AM) COMMENT.
H A It EWS NUMMARY.
The first shot of the war was fired
by Patrick Mullin, a gunner 011 the
battleship Nashville. The shot was
fired at the Spanish steamer, Buena
Ventura, lumber laden, bound from
Galveston to Rotterdam. At first
the Spaniard took to his heels, but
after a short chase he hove to and
gave it up, and the Nashville
carried her prize proudly to port at
Key West. The Nashville was com
manded by Washburn Maynard, son
of Horace Maynard, in his day and
time one of the brighest minds and
and most gifted orators in Tennes
see. The bill providing for the calling
out of volunteers was signed by the
The grim outlines of the American
fleet appeared before Havana, and
the city was thrown into a state of
The train carrying Minister Wood
ford was attacked by a mob on the
Spanish frontier. No one hurt.
Woodford arrived at Paris safely.
The President issued a proclama
tion calling for 12o,0M) volunteers to
serve for two years, or until the
close of hostilities.
. The second Spanish prize was
taken Saturday by the New York
under the guns of Moro Castle. This
was the Spanish steamship Pedro,
loaded with rice, iron and ber,
bound for Santiago de Cuba from
The third prize belongs to the tor
pedo boat Ericsson. It was cap
tured at dawn Saturday, and proved
to be a small flshimr schooner. Both
prizes were towed to Key West.
Adit.-Gen. Sykes issued orders to
all commands of the'national guard
state of Tennessee, to hold them
selves in readiness to be moved on
Monday to different points of in
spection, preparatory to volunteer
ing in the United States service.
The United States gunboat Helena
captured the Spanish steamer
Miguel Jover early Saturday morn
Ing. The Jover and her cargo are
valued at $100,000.
The Spanish steamer Catalina was
run down and captured by the De
The British representative at
Havana, who has charge of the
United States consulate, was form
ally notified that the American fleet
would berin the bombardment of
that city at dawn Monday.
Spiin issued a decree, assertin
the riirht of that government to
have recourse to privateering, and
announcing that for the present only
auxiliary cruisers will be fitted out
All treaties with the United States
are annulled, and thirty days are
given to the United States shins to
leave Spanish ports. The decree
also outlines the rules which Spain
will observe during the war, cover
ing neutral flags and goods, contra
band of war, what will be considered
a blockade, the right of search and
what constitutes contraband of war
ending with saying foreign priva
teers will be regarded as pirates.
The Havana cable was cut by
United States, thus severing
communication between Capt.-Gen.
Blanco and Spain.
The call for volunteers was sent
by the Secretary of War to the
Governor of each State, fixing the
quota to be furnished. The call
fixed the quota of Tennessee at three
regiments of infantry.
The Governors of the States will
appoint all regimental, line and
stall ofllcers, but the general line
and stab officers will be appointed
by the President, who finds himself
confronted with the task of select
ing 3'JS olllcers of volunteers, includ
ing twenty Major Generals, forty
eight Brigadier Generals and their
Commodore Dewey, commander
of the United States fleet at Hong
Kong, China, received orders to de
stroy or capture all Spanish vessels
in Philipine waters, and then caue
the capitulation of the principal
Later war news may be found on
the fourth page.
A MA.101.ITY of the Ohio Senate
investigatimr committee last Satur
day reported that evidence taken by
them showed a conspiracy to elect
Mark Hanna United States Senator
by bribery. It's a pity that Mark's
character should be thus tampered
Uncle Sam Wants
FIKST SHOT OF THE SPANIARDS.
Tbe IimiirKfiiU Will Do the Fighting for
the Preaent HanlrU lturnlni; Town
The President Will Not Allow Triva-
Wa'HINgtox, April 23. The
'resident to-day called upon the
people of the United States, the first
time in over thirty years, to mani
fest their martial strength, this time
the call being upon a united people,
for 125.000 volunteers to go forward
to battle witli a foreigner.
I he proclamation provides that
the troops shall serve for two years.
or until discharged.
Southern State' Quota.
wnne it is the purpose or the war
department to secure only National
Guardsmen as far as possible under
the nrst call for volunteers, yet in
states where there is no National
Ouard, or where the number falls
below the quota fixed in the call, the
states will be expected to supply the
volunteers regaruiesa or tneir lack
01 organization, in fact, tins must
be done under the law.
On the basis of to-day's call for
125,000 men, the southern states will
be called upon to supply each the
following number of volunteers:
West Virginia .
INSl KtiKNfS WILL FIUIIT.
While I'ncle Sam's Troops Are Iteing
Prepared for the Campaign.
Washington, April 24. Secre
tary Sherman said to-day that it
was his expectation that for the
present and for the immediate
tuture the insurgents may do the
greater part of the fighting in Cuba
He added that there was no inten
tion of taking the national milita
men and guards into Cuba until
thoroughly innured to the hardships
of actual mil'tary life, and that
probably the regulars would be held
in this country until later in the
season. Tha Secretary expressed
the opinion that Admiral Sampson's
Meet would take tne first opportn
nity to form a junction with Gomez'
army, and that there would thence
forth be co-operation between these
two organizations in conducting the
war against the common enemy.
"Hie insurgents are the best men
for this service at present," said the
Secretary, "and they can be trusted
to do zealous work when well armed
and well clothed."
He said it was his understanding
that this Government would furnish
the arms and munitions of war to
fit out several regiments of the in
surgents in good shape, and to put
the entire army in good fighting
FIKST SHOT BY SPANISH
Fired at the Torpedo lloat Foote, With'
out E fleet.
On board the Associated Press
Dispatch Boat Dauntless, Matanzas,
Island of Cuba, April 25 The
United States torpedo boat Foote,
Lieut. Pi W. Podger, commanding.
has the honor of being the target for
the first shots fired by the Spaniards
at the American nag during the war
just begun. The firing occurred be
tween 6 and 6 o'clock Saturday after
noon, at which time the torpedo
boat was taking soundings In the
harbor off Matanzas.
She was within two or three hun
dred yards of the shore; suddenly a
Spanish masked battery, on the east
side of the harbor, and not very far
distant from the Foote, fired three
shots at the torpedo boat They all
went wide of their mark and the
Foote returned leisurely to the Cin
Three Spanish Vessels Brought to Fort
Key West, Fla., April 20.-11:15
a. 111. The big Spanish steamship
Panama, 01 the Ueuallos Line, which
left New 1 ork on April 20 for
Havana, with a large number of
Spanish refugees on board and a
very valuable cargo, including, it is
understood, stores for the Spanish
army, was captured last evening
about twenty miles from Havana by
the little light-house tender Man
grove, now belonging o the mos
The United StatPS gunboat New
port has brought in the Spanish
sloop Paquete and the Spanish
schooner Pireneo, Cuban coastinsr
vessels which she captured oil
Havana this morning.
ANOTHK.K ritOCL AM ATION.
The Fresldent I.ayi Down the Law to
Washington, April 26. The
President to-day issued a proclama
tion respecting the rights of Mianish
vessels now in or bound to United
States ports, and also with regard ot
thn right of search.
The message says that this gov
ernment win not resort to the prac
tice of privateering, and that all
Spanish merchant vessels in any
ports or places within the United
(States shall be allowed until May 21
ror loading their cargoes and de
parting without being molested.
FO KM AL DECLARATION
War Ajjalnut Spain Made by the
l' 11 1 ted Mates Cnngremi.
Washington, Apl. 25. In obedi
ence to a message of the President,
ootn iiouseB 01 Uongress to-day pass
ed a bill, making a formal declara
tion of war against the Kingdom of
Spain, and authorizing the Presi
dent to use the entire land and na
val forces and State militia as far as
may be necessary to carry the act
'Spaniards llurnlng Towns.
Kingston, Jamaica, April 24.
Fugitives from (Juantanamo, in the
Province of Santiago de Cuba, say
tnat hpanisn troops are concentrat
ing in the principal seacoast cities
of Cuba and laying waste by Are the
interior to-vns and plantations. It
is feared that the devastation will
ue complete before Americans can
occupy that territory.
The Aged Secretary of State Withdraw
Prom the Cabinet.
Washington, April 25. Another
resignation from the Cabinet oc
curred to-day, when the venerable
Secretary of State, John Sherman,
handed his resignation or the pre
miership to the President. The
resignation takes effect at as early a
day as may be convenient to the
President. Mr. Sherman retires
from public life after a service of
over forty years, embracing the
House of Representatives, the
United States Senate, the Secretary
ship of the Treasury and the Secre
taryship of State. The reason for
the resignation is the condition or
the Secretary's health, which is
now impaired as the result of years
of devotion to the public service and
the arduous labors ol a lifetime,
added to age, the venerable Secre
tary being now within a few days of
to years of age.
Judge William R. Day, who ha9
been Assistant Secreta'y of State, has
been appointed to nil the vacancy
John B. Moore, of New York, will
succeed Judge Day.
Senor Polo y Bernabe had rather
a short inning in this country, but
he cannot legitimately complain of
it on the score of monotony. St.
The most eloquent congressional
speech is the one that might have
been. Memphis commercial-Ap
Senator Bate now has noopponent,
and it seems that none can be in
eiuceu to run against the "old war
horse." This is well, as Senator
Bate will be returned regardless of
any opponent. Knowing this,
politicians are rightfully a little shy
Mr. McKinley, in our opinion, is a
good man, a pure man, a patriot and
a Christian gentleman, but he falls
far short of being a statesman, and
at present Is surrounded by the
wort influences and the worst men
that ever besieged a president.
These be war-like times indeed.
The potato bugs have established a
blockade, and the cutworms have
issued an ultimatum to vegetable
creation. Memphis Commercial-
Robert E. Lee.
Here is a magnificent eulogy of
General Robert K. Lee by Hon. Ben
Hill, of Georgia:
"He was a loe witnout hate, a
friend without treachery, a soldier
without cruelty and a victim with
out murmuring. He was a public
omcer witnout vices, a private citi
zeu without wrong, a neighbor with
out reproach, a christian without
hypocricy, and a man without guile
lie was a Ctesar without his am
bition, Frederick without his
tyrany, Napoleon without his sel
fishness, and Washingon without
his reward. Pie was obedient to
authority as a servant, and royal in
authority as a king. He was as gen
tle as a woman in life, pure and
modest as a virgin in thought,
watchful as a Roman vestal, sub
missive to law as Socrates, and
grand in bittle as Achilles."
Garwood's Sarsaparllla for the blood
guaranteed tocure. A. B. Rains
A Washington special to the
Chattanooga News savs:
"Carmack s speech was bold and
almost defiant in its character. He
bfgan by telling the Republicans
that it was a matter 01 no conse
quence to him whether he received
their votes or not; that they might
take away nis seat, but they could
not take away the respect of his peo
ple at home. He said tiatthe Re
publican party had never received
any favors from him and would nev
er get any. He reviewed the record
of his competitor In scathing terms,
made a tnorougti presentation of the
testimony an 1 closed with a defense
of his people that brought a storm
of applause from the house and gal
"Carmack s speech was the most
able and scholarly heard on the
floor of Congress for a long time,
and made its author ramiv friends
This Is thought to be the end of
Josiah Patterson in Tennessee
politics at least.
TO THE FRONT.
She Responds to the Presi
WITH HEUQ IOTA OF VULUXTKE US
The Company Left Tuesday Morning for
Nashville, Where, After an Inspection,
They Will Enll-t In the Uegular Army.
In response to the President's
proclamation calling for 125,000 vol
unteers, Maury County has sent for
ward Company li. of the State
Militia, composed of an aggregate of
65 olllcers and privates, to defend
the nation's honor.
Orders were received last Satur
day from Adjt.-General Sykes for
the company to hold themselves in
readiness to he called out at any mo
ment, and from then up to the time
of departure the annory on South
aiain street presented a busy scene.
A large number of those who volun
teered did not enlist in the company
until alter the President s proclama
tion, and several of the boyscame in
from the country Monday.
ihe company left for Nashville
Tuesday morning in a special car
attached to the accommodation. A
large crowd gathered at the depot
to see them off and irive them their
well-wishes on their patriotic mis
sion. As the train pulled out a loud
rheer arose and linal farewells were
exchanged between the soldier boyh
and their friends and dear one.
Following is a roster of the com
W.J. Whitthorne. Cant.: E. S.
Fowler, 1st Lieut.: R. O. Rairsdale.
2nd Lieut.; H. M. Hood, 1st Serai. :
A. W. Cabler, 2nd Seret.: A. L. Por
ter, 3rd Sergt.; R. R. Cook, 4th
Sergt.; Walter Seaton, 1st Corp.
A. Bowen, J. C. Caldwell. F. F.
Craig, Clarence Cockrill. Emmett
Dugger, J. F. Davidson, W. H. Den
ham, Ninion Evans, Hazel Glenn,
L. M. Irvine, Geo. McDonald. W. A.
McCaleb, Chas. Mason, W. J. Over
ton, J. S. Pennington, P. H. Russell,
A. N. Sargent, Jas. Settle, Olie Wat
son, Chas. H. Wade, Leoline Crane,
VV.O. Watts, Charlie Rohleder, W.
F. Cummins, C. C. Goad, Chas. B.
Notgrass, Noah Leibhart, Newton
Williams, Will Joe Irvine, L. W.
Pond, D. F. Wade, Edward Dodson.
J. E. Kittrell, Joe E. Akin. A. K.
Caldwell, James Luttrell, Emil
Roth, E. C. Blackburn, Cha'ley
Gipsson, J. M. Sinythe, Oeno Sperl
ing, W. H.Morgan, Percey Whit-
taker, Chas-. Alford, Joe Nicks, Far
ris Birdman, H. Pinkleton.
All volunteers will have to under
go a rigid physicu examination,
and, if they stand the examination
"uccessfully, they will then enlist
in the regular army of the United
htates. Alter that they will be
mobilized at certain points, where
they will be drilled for several
weeks until they become thoroughly
innured to the hardships of military
The company will be under the
command of Capt. Whitthorne, who
nas left his interests in his candi
dacy for Congress in the hands of
Company I). from Lawrenceburg
passed through Columbia en route
to Nashville Monday evening.
They were under the command of
Capt. W. J. Gilbreth, and were stal
wart, healthy-looking men. A pa
thetic scene transpired while the
train halted here. Capt. Gilbreth's
wife and little girl had accompanied
him as far as Columbia, and, lust
before the train pulled out, they
were bidding him farewell. The
parting was indeed a sad one, and
many eyes in the crowd were wet
with tears. -
Garwood's Sarsaparilla for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Rains
The English Language.
Imagine yourself a foreigner striv
ing to master the construction of the
English language. Perhaps you
may be gazing at a number of ves
sels 011 the water, and exclaim, "See
what a flock of ships!" 1 ou are at
once told that a flock of ships Is
called a fVtf, and thatafleet ofsheep
is cauea a nock, it might also be
added for your future guidance that
a flock of girls is called a of 17, while
a bevy of wolves is called a pack;
yet a pack of thieves is called a
yang, and a gang of angels is called
a host; but a host of porpoises is
called a nfionl, and a shoal of buffalo
is called a herd. Still, a herd of
children is called a troop, but a
troop of partridges is called a core;
a covey of beauties is called a fiil
art, while a galaxy of ruffians is
called a liordr; further, a horde, of
rubbisli is called a heap, yet a heap
of oxen is called a drove, a drove of
blackguards is called a mob, but a
mob of whales is called a school;
a sclmol of worshipers is called a
conirrrjatioH, while a congregation
of engineers is called a ror)); a
corps of robbers is called a hand,
though a band of locusts is called a
H'flna,and a swarm of people is
called a crou d ; a crowd of pictures
is called a coll -1i ; but a collec
tion of money is called a hoard, and
a hoard of people is called a com
pany; a company of ministers, how
ever, is called an fnwwlp;, and an
assembly of soldiers is called a mud
ttr. "Stop, stop!" methinks I hear
you cry. "I can not remember half
of it." Demorest's Magazine.
A VEI KUAN'S I.AM EN I'.
for the hoys of Hie old brigade,
Who foiuht lu the ranks of Lee!
Who charged the columns when Sher
Wit It his legions for the sea!
Hut the grasses of forest and Held and
Wave over the boys of the old brigade!
O tor the boys of the old brigade
Who fought hv hit side that day
When ve battled for victory blade to
And the tanks at our rush gave way !
Rut loin? in the silence and shadow
And the grasses wave green o'er the
O for the boys of the old brigade!
And the legions seem to conio
From a thousand graves, like breast
And march to the rolling drum!
Like shadows they march, aud like
shadows they fade
The ghost of the boys of the old
And (iod rest the boys of the old brigade,
And hajlow the turf that lies
Flowering over each crimsoned blade,
And over their dreatninit eves.
And the stars of (Jod on the heights ar
rayed Be" sentinels over the old brigade!
To the Democratic Voter of the Ninth
We, the undersigned members of the
bar at Columbia, deem it not inappro
priate to submit to vou our indorsement
of Mr. Sam Holding, for the reason
that he has had neither time nor oppor
tunity to make a thorough canvass of
He is a candidate for Judge of this
Circuit, and his claims will be presented
to the Democratic Judicial Convention
at Pulaski, on the first dav of June
next; and, it is with the greatest pleas
ure that we commend him to vour
favorable consideration, for the follow
ing reasons: e know him to he a
gentleman of stainless integrity and of
the highest tvpe of courage to do his
duty unflinchingly. regardloRS of con
sequences to himself; we know him to
be a lawyer of unusual ability and of in
tense nnd earnest devotion to his pro
fession; we know that the members of
our Supreme Court regard him as one
among the ablest lawyers in the state, of
his age: and we feel sure that the Chan
eellor and Circuit Judge, before whom
he has practiced since his advent to the
bar, will bear most cheerful and ample
testimony to his high character as
gentleman and his ability as a lawyer,
culled upon to do so; and we believe,
electee!, he will reflect honor and credit
uon the bench, and will lay aside the
ermine as spot less as when ho assumed
it. He is an uncompromising Demo
crat, and has ever been faithful to the
loftiest principles of democracy as ex
pounded hv itr' greatest apostles, from
Thomas Jefferson to Win. J. Bryan; and
he has always labored earnestly to
maintain and perpetuate those princi
ples. Mr. Holding has passed the age
of thirt v years - the age which the wis
dom of our constitution has fixed as lit
t ing a citizen to nresiile over eur courts
He is a getitleinnn of cxcetdingly
modest and reserved demeanor; hence
he is not us well known as his great
personal worth mid his professional
learning and ability would otherwise
insure him to bo.
ue tiiereiore conscientiously com
menu nun 10 vour im;st lavoni.jie con
sideration for the honors of that high
eillice which he solicits at your hands.
This April2.")th, IMS.
K. S. Fowi.kk.
Gko. T. HnniKs.
Wm. J. Wkhstkh.
L. P. l'AlHiETT.
J. T. Williamson.
II. P. hktaKus.
K. II. Hatchkk.
W. S. Flkmino.
W. H. (Jrkknlaw.
J. C. Vookhiks.
V. C. Whitthoknk
K. D. Loonev.
A. M. LoetNEY.
J. C. Dextkb.
W. B. Gordon.
W. J. Whitthorne
J MFS A. S.MIHKK
W. C. Salmon.
L. B. IIlches.
At a full meeting of the Democratic
Executive Committee of Maury Conn
ty in Columbia, April 2"th, 18!IS, the
foregoing endorsement of Mr. Holding
by the Columbia bar was road to the
Committee and the following resolution
was unanimously adopted:
Be it resolved by the Democratic
Executive Committee of Maurv County
that we do most cheerfully and heartily
concur in the foregoing indorsement
Mr. Sam Holding for the oll'iee of Cir
cuit Judge, and wo earnestly unite :
oommeiuiing him to the Democrats 1
the Ninth Judicial Circuit.
Fii. D. Loonky, Chairman
W. B. Ohernlaw, Acting iSec'y.
Cleveland Plain Pealer.
Land of garlic and tortillas,
band of xebcer and mantillas,
Land of mules and sinnugled bitters,
Land of raisins and of fritters,
Land of l'edro and of Sancho,
Land of Weyler and of bianco,
Laml of tuili tights and pesetas,
Land of dusky senoritas.
Land of manners stiff and haughty,
Land of Isabella naughty,
Land of Hoabdil and Hnuiil,
Don't you hear your t'nelo Sam'l?
Three weeks ago the telephone
was twenty-one years old, and yet
few people can remember when the
first message was sent by this meth
od. A dispatch from Prof. Bell who
was at Salem, Mass., to the Boston
Globe was the means of opening to
the world this invention which has
truly revolutionized the means of
communication in our daily life. It
was considered wonderful at that
time to speak over a wire at a short
distance of a few miles; but to-day
we find nothing remarkable In hear
ing a friend speak who is 2,000 miles
away. And who knows what the
next decade may produce in im
provements. Bring your job
printing lo the
Royal makct the food pure,
whulesome and delicious.
ROVAL BAKING POWDFR CO., NEW VORK.
He Retains His
THE WILY JOSIAH LOSES OUT
Ity a Vole i f 13H to 118 -
of the llnu
Fit-clrlllfd tlm Member
by III Oratory.
Ned Carmack retains his seat in
Congress as Representative-from the
lenth instrtct. and Josiah ratter-
son s name is muu.
This decision was reached bv the
House last Friday, ' the vote being
blfitollSin favor of Mr. Carmac
holding his seat. 'This was quite an
agreeable surprise to Mr. Carmack's
friends, ana somewhat of a .surprise
to Mr. Carmack himself, as the -Republican
majority of the Committee
on Elections had reported previously
in favor of unseating; him, and
Speaker Reed and Mark Hanna
focused all the power within their
grasp on the Republicans to compel'
them to support the majority of the
Th e Carmack forces were led on
the Democratic side by Representa
tive Richardson, ami on the Re
publican side by Representative
Joy, who had a grudge against
Josia for voting to unseat him upon'
one occasion in a contested electlou '
After discussing tbe case in the
House Friday, Representative Rich
ardson made the first move by a
motion to substitute the Democratic
minority report, which was in favor
of Carmack, for that of the Republi-,
can majority report, which was for
seating Patterson, 'lhis motion car
ried by VV.) ayes to 120 nnys. This :
was the signal for wild applause on '
the Democratic side of tlm House
which lasted fn' several minutes
and which taxed Speaker Reed to
the utmost to llnally silence. Then ;
followed the vote on the adoption or
the report of the committee as
amended, declaring Mr. Carmack 1
the legally elected member. This (
motion carried by a majority of '
eighteen and again the Democrat!
hrok1 forth in wild applause. .
In speaking of the action in tho
House, the Washington correspond- ,
ent to the American say-:
"During the course of this discus
sion Mr. Carmack demonstrated to
the members of the House of Rep
resentatives that he is an orator of
first rank and thut in public speech, .
as well as at the editor's desk, he ;
has a wonderful command of
language. . his speech throughout
was a bitter arraignment of Col.
Patterson and his former electiou :
methods, and iust before the con
clusion he broke forth in the most
impassioned bursts of oratory as he
described his love for his native
8tate and particularly the Tenth
''The applause which followed the
conclusion of his remarks was deaf-
ening. Mr. Carmack was surround
ed immediately by his friends and
for several minutes received a Der- '
feet ovation. While thi was going
on Col. Patterson sat in the cloak
room on the Republican side. It
was apparent that hrt was. fearing
the worst.1 In this he was right, 'for
not even Speaker Reed, Senator
Hanna and other prominent Repub
licans could control the Republican
members of the House."
Itching, uraly, bli-edlng palmn, lpv!. tiailn.
nd painful tinv.T etui, i niplt-r.. Ilucih.-1.
oily, m-.thy kin,dnr, thin, .in. I foiling hir, Itrh
lntf,ciily fcalp. all yield quickly to warm lath
With Ccth i ka 6op, nd gentle nnintlng
with C'CTIt'CBA ruutnitnt,, Uw great ikln cura.
"il l lhrotijritjt lh tirll P jTTm TV4 AH9 Cm
RU il E4!
W 'r.., . h ..',..0.
C p - Huw la PruJuor S .