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THE COLUMBIA lIEUAlui: FIUDAY, APlUL -!), 1 -!.
DOBBINS & EWING-
HARDWARE AND QUEENSWARE.
The only CASH HOUSE in this line in Columbia; vh n you trade with us you do
not pny other people's bad debts. You always get value received.
Builders' Hardware, Hails, Locks, Hinges, Etc., Etc.
Till) 11 K OWN SritINU TRIP CULTIVAT III hasprovjn a grand success. The only sprint? trip which
has ever given absolute satisfaction.
DBBRING HAB.VBSTING MACHINERY.
superior to any other.
Our New Light Humiing Tennessee Wagons are the Host. -:- tiarr-Scott Engines and Threshers,
Citizens' Telepnone 73.
Agricultural and Live
The chief reason for rotation of
crops is that land may recuperate.
The serious objection to planting
the same ground year after year to
the same crop is that the insects
and disease affecting the crop at
tack it each succeeding year with
an increased fot'.
The cost of d aia ng is a perma
nent investment; the first expense
is all the expense. A well laid stone
drain may last half a century, and
one of good tile even longer.
Kven one of brush has done service
for 10 years.
It is estimated that a locomotive
can haul a ton of wheat a mile more
cheaply than a farmer can haul a
bushel. The importance of having
good highways in connection with
railways is shown by the fact that it
costs more to get the average bushel
of grain from the farm to the rail
way station than from the station
to the seaboard.
Blue grass gives a full month's
pasture before other grasses "are
ready for" grazing. It grows rapidly
in cool weather, and is very nutri
tious when young, so that cat
tie fatten on it eurly in the sea
son On a clover or timothy pas
ture of equal growth they could
hardly make a living.
That man has the best prospect
for a successful season on the farm
who hits his work well in hand, and
has no inclination to overreach
himself in his desire to cover too
much ground, (.live the crops the
best of intelligent care from start to
finish, and there are nine chances
out of 10 that we will get a good
crop for our pains.
Many a promising boy has gone to
live in the city who would have
staid upon the farm had it been
kept neat and attractive. With
many another, the fact that the
farm was such a pleasant place has
been one of the principal causes
which kept him at the old home
stead. Because the adornment of
the front yard does not yie'd a cash
revenue, it should not be allowed to
negative a proposal for its improve
ment. We do not manure, perhaps, more
than did many farmers in the old
days, but we do cultivate more than
was then possible. Extra cultiva
tion answers the place of fertiliza
tion ; opening the soil to the action
of the elements makes the plant
food more available.
Often wheat raisers become dis
couraged. There is not a business
in existence which is now and then
claimed by some to be at the ex
treme end of profit, and that shortly
everything must go to smash. It is
best to keep one's courage up in all
circumstances. It is becoming
more and more possible to decrease
the cost of production of wheat to
meet the depressed market.
Periods of agricultural depression
can only be temporary. There is
indisputable evidence that our
population of consumers is increas
ing much more rapidly than the
At this season we would And our
pastures greatly benefited by the
sowing of about 15 bushels of wood
ashes Hiid 100 pounds of ground bone
to the acre, and the effect will be
seen for many years. This will be
especially adapted to our high lands.
If ashes can not be had, 100 pounds
of muriate of potash may be used in
their stead, and to quite as good ad
vantage. Kven could we afford to
doubt the foregoing amounts, we
would correspondingly increase the
feeding capacity of our fields.
It is as easy to overstock with
pheep as with any other class of
animals. Large Hocks never pay as
well in proportion as smaller ones.
Nevertheless, every well regulated
farm should carry a few sheep.
Cross bred lambs are the best
feeders, and the mutton produced
from them is cf superior quality;
but to have them means the buying
of a fresh lot of ewes every year or
two, for it is folly to breed from
cross bred animals.
See that the pigs get no spoiled or
decayed food, now that summer is
coming on ; it is apt to start cholera,
i .i. m I .1...... iwit mata f
aiHl SUCH IUOU ""ra utunw
lectliSCO? xzz- w? like t? eat.
Improved stock of all kinds is bet
ter both to breed and to feed. Such
swine are a powerful factor in mar
keting our big corn crops. Cheap
as hogs sometimes are, it pays bel
ter to feed off the corn and other
stuff which can be utilized than to
sell the feed. No question about
A New York farmer made a little
fortune by putting up in a dainty
shape delicately flavored bacon
which had been fed on beechnurs.
The large packing houses copied his
style of putting up, and, even with
out the flavor, they got fancy prices
for their thinly sliced boxed bacon.
So there is something in the food
hogs get, and there (s something in
the inviting way we offer even our
Those who cliug to the idea that
they must have a general purpose
farm cow should proem e one with
large frame, so that her male calves
will ' be valuable as beeves; she
should be well pedigreed, so that
the heifer calves will havb a promise
of becoming as good milkers and
butter makers as herself; she should
be handled for dairy purposes from
the time she drops her Hist calf, so
as to produce tr.e tendency toward a
long period of milking. Such a cow
will prove of. value upon many
Cattle of any age can eat split
corn without soreness of mouth,
which frequently results when fed
whole ears. A steer's mouth, at
three years of age, is but partly
provided with grinders, and it is
difficult for him to masticate ears
broken crosswise of the cob. With
the corn split he will fatten as rapid
ly as one of four years. Milch cows
will do much better when fed corn
in this shape.
Texas cuttle are now being fed at
home on oil cake, and then shipped
direct to Chicago. Shipments are
continued throughout the year, and
not crowded into a few months, as
they were when feuding was done
in the North.
There is one point in economical
feeding which no one can afford to
overlook when putting up cattle to
fatten be sure to have them where
they will be quiet. They then can eat
better and gain flesh more rapidly.
Five cent cattle make 20 cent
steak, and six cent cattle make 25
cent steak. Large packers buy cat
tle and, utilize the byproducts to
such an extent that they about get
their money back from them, al
though they sell to the butchers at
about double the price they pay a
pound, and then the butcher again
Danish dairy experts lead the
world, and they declare experiments
demonstrate that a cow calving in
the fall gives 25 per cent, more milk
than the cow coming fresh in the
The richness is obtained in the
latter half of the milk drawn from
the cow's udder. If feeding calves,
put aside for them the half first
drawn. They will thus have the ad
vantage of fresh, warm milk, while
the cost of maintaining them will
be materially lessened, and the but
ter will be left for the milker.
Never raise your graded hull
calve-, for if your cows from a thor
oughbred are none too good for you,
allow neither yourself nor your
neighbor to deteriorate herds which
are valuable by breeding in a way
which can bring disappointment
The maker of good butter is ah
ways delighted with the brisk de
mand for his goods at a paying price,
and yet the sale of the milk and the
cream in the adjacent city or town
will return even a better revenue
than butter, and with less labor and
It is surprising with what precis
ion the conduct of the cow at the
initial period of her career will re
peat itself thereafter. It is for this
reason good dairymen prefer to
raise the heifers themselves to buy
ing them from others, taking the
chance of having them become in
ferior in their after usefulness by
means of a loose method of treat
ment at some stage of their early
career. Hood cows are at the bot
tom of successful dairying, and their
Our new steel binders, with steel
platform, and all wearing parts fitted
with roller and ball bearings, insures
light draft and but little wear.
for 1898 are perfect in construction. Be
rated ledger plate in guards saves
grinding. Hall and Roller bearings,
makes them easy to handle.
Deeriiif? Hay Hakes are all steel with
combined pole and shafts, so you
can work one or two horses, as you
please. Thev possess several points
early tiaining should be confided
only to proper and responsible
haiids. The udder should be kept
in perfect condition during her first
milking season, and the milk drawn
at regular hours, and she should not
be permitted to run dry until near
the time for her second calving.
If too far from market to make
poultry pay. the farmer should find
no excuse for not raising enough
for his own table, and that right lib
erally. Compared with pork, poul
try meat costs less. ana is mor nour
ishing and healthful.
Neglect of the lien bouse ofte
comes from inaccessibility. It
should be made convenient for the
hen and the owner. Let it. be light,
warm, comfortable and roomy.
Young clucks will often be found
more profitable than young chick
ens, if situated near a good market
Kspecially is the Houen a strong and
rapid grower, reaching 10 pounds in
as many weeks.
It is not a question of low or high
wages with the hen, and American
hens should produce eggs as cheaply
as any hen which roosts. There is
no reason why sheshould not lay for
all England, and yet we ship the
mother country less than 1 per cent,
of the $20,000,000 worth she buys.
To learn how to govern future
operation in the hennery, mark
down the number of eggs laid week
ly, the cost of food, and learn under
what conditions and at what season
your hens lay most. Instead of
counting carcasses sold, weigh
them; and then note the losses from
death or acciden". This will inter
When the price of beef is high, in
creased prices will be maintained
for poultry and eggs even under in
creased production. There is a
shortage of good beef cattle now,
and this is the time to raise chick
ens. You have neither early eggs
nor early chicks if your poultry
was not warm. A small stove or
tank heater would have paid you;
that is, if you fed right.
When planting trees for the adorn
ment of the home grounds give pre
ference to the native forest growths.
Do not waste money on fancy things
which are not half so handsome nor
so valuable. All our native trees
In a single year do not attempt to
start all the fruits you desire trees,
grape vines and small fruits, but
make this a part of every season's
regular work. Thus doing, you will
get a variety and learn proper
methods, and will have them placed
at better advantage than if trying to
lump the work.
Let farmers and townspeople not
only set out plenty of trees this
spring, but make a careful examina
tion as to the needs of those already
It is idle to spend the time, money
and labor in setting out trees and
then leave them entirely to their
own resources. Our orchards, groves
and tree belts are just what we make
them no better, no worse.
The tree can not chase about like
the pig in search for food, and is
wholly dependent on the hand of
man.' Let us not wait for the signs
of failure to bear good crops of fruit,
but keep up a constant bed of fer
tility. Our orchards will bear bet
ter if we feed them more.
We believe that Arkansas Dela
ware. Oklahoma, Indian Territory
and Utah are the only States in the
Union which do not observe Arbor
To encourage the planting of trees
about the home is to encourage the
coming of the feathered songsters,
and these are always worth more
th in we dream of.
Wood ashes or other fertilizers do
no good close to the trunks of tiie
trees; apply further away, where the
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
HOW SHARKS ARE CAUGHT.
It Is ExeltlD Sport to Land the Terrible
Although it is possible that it would not
find favor with the devotees of Izaak Wal
ton's gentle art, shark fishing has much to
recommend it to lovers of sport, according
to tliu London Mail. Those who havo in
dulged in it in Australia or elsewhere do
claro it to bo a most exciting pastime and
by no means an unprofitable one, seoing
that a reward is paid by the government
for every shark killed.
Ordinary rowing bouts are the, craft em
ployed by the angler or rather hunter, and
the line used is a strong cord about half
tho thickness of a man's little finger. The
end to which tho hook is attached consists
of a chain or piece of stout wire, to pre
vent tho shark from biting through the
lino and so escaping. Tho bait most ao
ceptablo to the palates of these caniiibalistlo
beusts is the liver of ono of their own
kind. In addition, when possible, a small
Bhark should bo captured ' and the oil
squeezed from its liver and allowed to fall
upon tho water. This naturally spreads
over a considerable ana and attracts tho
sharks to the spot. As soon as tho bait is
taken tho sportsmen begin to haul in the
lino. This is an easier matter than would
be expected, for the shark makes little or
no resistance until quite closo to the boat.
Then comes a sudden plunge, and tho
brute ilies through tho water at a great
pace. Tho only course is to allow the long
lino to bo run out until tho lish is tired,
when it is again pulled in. This process
is repeated until the creat ure is completely
exhausted and can bo dispatched. Tho
coup do grace is generally administered
by means of a rillo bullet. The shark,
however, must be dragged well to tho sur
faco before the gun is uischarged, for it is
useless to ilro through more than two
inches of water.
The best way of tiring a shark is to fas
ten un empty oil drum to the free end of
tho lino. This is thrown overboard as
soon as tho shark makes his first rush.
The oil drum, of course, floats on the sur
face and is followed by the boat until the
slunk has been completely tired out. The
line is then taken on board and tho ex
hausted animal pulled in und killed in tho
way described above.
it will thus be seen that shark fishing
is by no means wanting in excitement,
and those who indulge in it havo tho ad
ditional satisfaction of knowing that they
are doing a public service in assisting in
exterminating these pests. Shark ucci
dents to but tiers aro mercifully few, but
when they do occur they aro generally of
so ghastly a nature as to justify any
means taken to make war upon theso ter
rible monsters of tho deep.
BUCKEYE AND NUTMEG GRATER.
An Incident Indicating the Seriousness of
mi Ohio Man.
A half dozen collego men wero in New
York ono night nut a great while ngo in
dulging in a dinner at tho expeuso of ono
whose enthusiasm on gridiron heroines
had somewhat beclouded his judgment.
Tart of the party consisted of a Connecti
cut man and an Ohio chap who, while ho
is sie.art enough in most matters, is not
blessed with a very quick or comprehen
sive wit, and he is particularly slow to
see a point when there is a mist of mellow
merriment belore his eyes, as there was on
this occasion. Now, it happens that the
Nutmeg man is as proud of his state as
tho liuckeye man is of his, and they havo
friendly tilts at anus every now and again
over the respective merits of Connecticut
and Ohio. At tho dinner the two sat to
gether, and when tho time arrived for any
man to make a few remarks who wished
to do so tho Connecticut nmn aroso with
his hand on the shoulder of his neighbor.
"Here," lie sang out full and free, with
his glass on high, "is to the Nutmeg State.
Who can produce a graterr"
Tho crowd of diners smiled charitably
at the well worn sentiment and gag that
is, all of them did except the Buckeye, und
ho jumi ( d to Ins feet.
"Gentlemen," lie shouted, with his glass
up, "1 can. Look, sirs, at Ohio! There
the stands, the greatest commonwealth
that sits inthroned upon"
Jiut he never got his metaphors mixed
any further. Tho crowd yelled him down,
and fur a week afterward he was trying to
choke oil' unfeeling allusions. Washing
Old .Judge Dole, an early settler of Pike,
in tho county of Wyoming, N. Y., was a
military man in his early days, having, to
quote his ow n words, "lit tho Britishers"
in ttio war of And ho carried hia
habits of military discipline into tho man
agement of his farm.
One hot summer day his hired men, five
or six in number, dicided to take a nap
after their luncheon of doughnuts and pio,
instead of setting to work again at hay
making. They selected ono of their num
ber to act us sentinel and keep watch for
tlio old judge, and the rest of them
stretched themselves at full length in the
shade of a big tree.
Unfortunately, or fortunately, the sen
tinel also yielded tothodesiro for slumber,
and at tho end of ten minutes Was fust
asleep at his post.
Just live minutes later tho judge ap
peared, to see how tho work was going on,
und he saw at onco the state of uffuirs.
From tho sentinel's position- tlio judgo
knew w hat Uuty tho man had been expect
ed to perform, and without waiting for
any explanation, ho proceeded to udmin-"
ister a sound drubbing with his stick.
When lie had sullicicntly admonished
the sentinel, tl.o old judgo let him go,
saying, "There, I guess that'll learn you
not to sleep on your post!" And without
taking tho least notice of the other sleepers
the disciplinarian marched off, perfectly
sat islicd. Yeut h 's Companion.
It may be of interest to know that of
the "Knglish" mistletoe so conspicuously
displaced on our city streets about Christ
mas time not one-tenth really comes from
England The reason is that tho great
orchards of Worcestershire and Lincoln
shire, from which the Knglish mistletoe is
obtained, havo nearly exhausted their sup
ply. Most of tho mistletoe now brought
to this country comes from Normandy,
where it is so thick that the farmers look
upon it us a nuisanco. Some American
mistletoe, from Delaware and Virginia, is
sold every year, but it is generally regard
ed as inferior to tho imported article.
Siberia is not an arctic waste, but an
immense country w ith vast resources. An
Knglish military attache w ho has traveled
through that vast country declares that
Siberia can produce about every kind of
cereal and live stock, and it possesses
abundant quantitiesof the more important
From to IS lo platinum coins wert
minted in Russia.
large paekaee of the world twst c!oapet
for a nickel. Still greater economy in 4 ound
package. AH grocers. Made only by
Tllll W. K. FAIRHANK COMPANY,
Chicago. St, Louis, New Vnrlc. Boetoo. Philadelphia.
THE PHOENIX .'. BANK,
PAID IN CAPITAL,
We solicit the accounts of Farmers, Merchants and others, and guarantee at libera)
treatment as Is consistent with safe business principles,
J. P. STREET, JNO. W. rKlErtSOJN, Jr., J. L. 11UTTON,
janl President. Vice-President. Cashier,
Strictly a Banking Business.
J. E. Bkowklow,
J. W. FRY.
fWe solicit deposits, no matter how small, and promise courteous attention to our
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK,
W Accounts of farmers, merchant" and otb rs solicited.
Or.iHUiK r, lll'OHKS, ROBERTO M'RCH,
Janl President. "resident.
Surreys and Phaetons, also
styles ana prices right. Large stock of Harness at prices to
suit customers. iSee
octi Satterfield & Dodson
CHURCH BUILT BY CONVICTS.
One of the Sights of Great Britain's P.
In the stony fastnesses of Portland's
rugged i.-le, or, rather, promontoryin
whoso penal settlement the notorious Ja
iiez Balfour is at present expiating his
misdeeds tlrnre is a sight which tourist!
The beautiful garrison Church of St.
Peter's is convict work throughout, with
tho exception only of tho colored mosaics
In tlio reredos, which were inserted by an
Italian artist. The church Is, of course, of
Portland stone, tho samo material ot
which .St. Paul's cathedral, the law courts,
the monument, Westminster bridgoand the
banqueting room at Whitehall have been
built. St. Peter's is situated just outside
tho prison domains and is for the use of
the line regiment stationed nt Verne cita
del, tlio highest point in tho island.
The interest attaching to such a build
ing is heightened by the circumstances
that tho verger an ex-warder of Portland
prison can tell you whoso work Is repre
sented in particular parts. The border
round tho porch and the mosaic pavement
of the sanctuary are tho delicate handi
work of Constant Kent, the lady of gontle
birth who murdered her stepmother and
was induoed to confess her crime by a
Brighton clergyman. The stone pulpit,
the body of which is in one piece, was
erected by tho Irish Fenians. Tho fount at
the door and tho tectum in tho center
were chiseled by young Whitochapel
thieves, who proved to bo such exception
ally skillful artisans that It was a pity
they ever took to thieving. This wild cor
ner of England contains a practically in
exhaustible supply of the famous white
stone, and as many of tho quarries nre
owned by the government tho Portland
convicts aro em ployed to work them. They
can be seen at work by tho visitor almost
any day. Ten or a dozen of them will be
tugging a rope attached to a trolley, on
which some huge mass of stone is being
borne along a narrow lino of mils, and the
scene forcibly reminds one of a famous
picture in which Egyptian slaves are de
picted quarrying stones for the temples
and palaces of that ancient empire. Lon
A torpid liver robs you of ambition
and ruins your health. DpWitt's Little
Early Risers cleanse the liver, cure con
stipation and all stomach and liver
troubles. A. B. Rains. y
Roumanian mothers tie red ribbons
around the ankles of their children to pre
serve them from harm, while Esthonian
mothers attach bits of asufetida to tb
necks of their offspring.
The Congressional library comprises over
740,000 books, 250,000 pamphlets and
baut 300,000 numbered periodicals.
Children like it, it saves their lives.
We mean One Minute Cough Cure, tho
infallible remedy for coughs, colds,
c oup, bronchitis, izrippe, mid all throat
and lung troubp.a, A. LS. Kaius, ly
BOARD OF DIRECTORS I
J. P. 8TRKBT.
JOHN W KKIERBON, Jb.
JOHN A. OAK EM.
JOHN D. DOBBINS.
J. L. HTTTTON.
W. T. IRVINE.
D. K. W ATKINS.
J. P. Bbownlow.
J. F. Bkownlow.
J. J. Flihino
T. J. Rba.
J. P. BROWNLOW, J. F. BROWNLOW,
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
O. T. Huehep.
C. A. Parker.
H. Ii. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. C. Church
A. V. Brown.
A. B. Rains.
W. M. Cheairg.
W. P. RioMev.
R. W. McLemnre, Jr,
John W. Cecil.
C. A. PARKFR,
medium and cheaper grades. Latest
COLUMBIA MARKET KEl'ORI.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gamble
Grocery Company and R. Holding.
Cotton 4ift 5
Sorghum, from wagon ihc 20
Butter $ 10$ 15
Wool 5a 25
Ginseng 2 00C42 26
Chickens u 20
Clear sides 6J4(3 ft
Hams 6(0 8
Crimson Clover ... 350
Blue Grass l 25 1 60
Orchard Grass 1 t0
Timothy 1 s-
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
Wheat 00(7? 02
Corn 80(ft 35
Oats 4)($ 45
Hay Clover, from wagon 50a 6
Timothy , from wagon &f 65
Lard, from wagon 5 6
Flour, per bbl 4 7505 50
Sugar, granulated 650 6'i
rfp lixj 20
Meal, from mill 4o& 45
Free TriaP Trealmenl
To Everyone S,11 Wi.'
any part of the human body, such ns Kid
ney and Bladder, Heart, Liver and Stomach
troubles. Face and Skin Eruptions, disor
ders ot the Sexual Organs, Sexi ai. Wk.ak
NKssaiul Indifference, etc.
rrovlded application be madp at once, in
order that its inventions, appliances and
never-failing remedies mnv receive the
widest possible publicity, and prove their
own merits bw actual use mill
cures. No money whatever w ill received
I by the Illinois State Sanitarium from nnv
I one under it treatment until beneficial re-
suns are ncK nowiedgpcl. Its remedies 11 nil a p
pl lances have been commvnded by the news
papers of two continents and endorsed hy
the greatest doctors In the world. here de
velopment Is desired they accomplish It and
never fail to Invigorate, upbuild and fnrti
fv. They infuse new life and em-rev. They
permanently stop all losses which under
mine the constitution and produce despon
dency. They retone, refresh and restore to
manhood, regardless of aye. Thev cure evil
habits and permanently remove" their ef
fects, as well as t hose of excesses and over
taxed brain work, neurasthenia or nervous
exhaustion. No failure, nofpublicitv. no
deception.nodisappolntment. Write to-dav.
ST A T K MEDICAL SAN IT A It 1 1. VI , "
maris 8111 Kvhii.i 111.
A Wonderful DUcorrry.
The last quarter of a century records
many wonderful discoveries in medicine,
but none that have accomplished more fr
humanity thnn that sterling old lmiisrlml 1
remedy, Hrowns'Iron Bitters. It seems to
contain the very elements of trod health,
and neither man, woman or child can take
it without deriving the greatest benefit.
Browns' lrou Litters is sold hy all dealers.