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THE COLUMBIA llEllAn): FK1DAY, MAY G, IS.
DOBBINS & EWING-
HARDWARE AND QUEENSWARE.
The only CASH HOUSE
, i 111.
not pay other people s oau ueDts. iou aivvays gee vaiue received.
Builders' Hardware, Nails, Locks, Hinges, Etc., Etc.
THE 1JK0WX S1MMXG TIMl CULT1VATJR haaprovena grand success. The only spring trip which
liiipi ever yiven absolute satisfaction.
DEEEING HARVESTING MACHINERY.
Our New Light llunning Tennessee Wagons are the Hest.
' 1 Wind Stackers.
citizens' TeiepMe 73.
Agricultural and Live
Grass will grow anywhere that a
good crop of weeds will thrive, and
if land is liable to ha overrun with
the pests a crop of Hungarian grass
will crowd .them ,ou,t and destroy
them; and then you have the grass!
It will cost something to bring
back wornoutland to fertility. When
a field has been cropped for years,
until it is no longer capable of pro
ducintr a crop, the plant food can not
be replaced in a single seasou.
IJlue grass ceases to grow in dry
weather because it is a shallow
feeder. When fully grown its roots
bo fill the suiface that few shallow
feeding plants can maintain them
selves with it. For best results it
should be sown with rather deep
feeders, like orchard grass and the
Corn roots fill all the space be
tween the rows by the time the field
has reached the tasselling stage, and
by the time it matures, in favorable
conditions, they will have pene
trated the soil four feet deep or more.
Hence the importance of a deep and
friable soil, with a comparatively
open subsoil, for large yields of corn ;
but a subsoil of coarse sand or gravel
is bad in a dry season, because it can
not hold moisture nor attract it from
One meat trouble, the country
over, is that pasture fields are eaten
down so clone that it is hard for
grass to get a start. They need rest.
JJetter results may be obtained by
dividing a field so that one part will
have rest while the other is being
grazed, not forgetting that stable
manure will protect the plants and
hold the moisture. What a friend
is clover, in that we may take oil a
crop and still leave the land richer
The effect of good and bad food in
influencing the flavor and the qual
ity of the meat applies especially to
Au:ong many farmers inbreeding
Is permuted with the hogs, partly
Iroui cart lessness, partly from itrno
ranct , and partly as a matter of
economy, but it is a mistake.
It is a bad time to neglect the sows,
or o let them tdutt lor themselves
about the time they are to diop their
pigs, in the woods or tlelus the co d
may overtake them even in spring
weather, Pork is worth too much
money to permit this shiftlecsness,
and some shelter'ng place for care
must be provided.
A good breeding sow is worth keep
ing until five or six years old, and,
in fact, as long as she lives she
is hardly past the age when she will
bring profitable litters; and yet, on
the other nana, an old sow is apt to
become hrtechy or to acquire a taste
for chicken meat, or to fall into some
other bad habit which makes the
owner glad to get rid of her.
We are too careless of diseases.
Hogs should not be allowed liberty
to run at large in the vicinity of rail
ways over which swine are trans
port! d. Infected hogs are frequently
shipped to market, and there are
sutfU-ient droppings from the cars to
scatter contagion along the whole
While it is better to keep the breeds
pure and avoid crossing, if we want
to maintain a uniformity in our pigs,
we must look well to fresh blood by
getting a new boar each season.
Much of our so-called hog cholera is
from the weakened constitutions of
If animals are kept in numbers,
there are always some to be weeded
out, to uvoid the expense of feeding
and to escape the worse danger of
Eerpetuatimr their poor qualities by
reeding. If a sheep is not likely to
Cay for its feed in wool or mutton,
etter get something for its pelt.
Even with sheep, food wisely fed
will always come back to us doubled.
While thev will get more 9U9tenance
from poor land, and at the same time
do the land more good than any
other stock we can possess, it must
not be forgotten that they will also
repay liberal feeding.
Colswold sheep stand high in the
n tt hnth t&'ii. il and inpf
Tk.lonJis unll hrcrl mill wnll f pd .
A llv . v -- 7
in this line in Columbia; wh
r i t I . .
often attain a weight of 100 pounds
in three months. A thoroughbred
ram of this strain will improve your
herd of common ewes and make
them productive in a short time, in
On large ranges of cheap lands,
whether on the prairies of the West
or on the hills of the East and South,
there is no other stock to equal
sheep in utilizing the range and
making the best return from it. In
low, wetland the venture will al
ways be unprofitable.
Littering the pens in which sheep
are housed with burnt clay ii prac
ticed in England as a preventive to
foot trouble. The clay is an excel
lent absorbent for the excrements,
and makes a valuable fertilizer, and
one easily handled.
Bean vines ar especially valuable
for sheep, being rich in nitrogenous
substances, and thse animals take
to them quite n a i'y. Plant the pole
varieties, in the corn rows, and cut
them early for the silo.
A creamery built with a great
splurge, at a foolish expense, and
declining rapidly into bankruptcy, is
one of the thii gs which gives agri
culture in gene al and the dairy bus
iness in particular a backset. Do
not go into an enterprise of that
kind. If built at the right time and
upon the right basis, it makes a cash
market for the dairy Dtluc's, re
lieves the farmer of the labor of
butter making, and very often is a
great educator in the way of show
ing the best methods of feeding and
of handling the ere; m and milk.
Thee w stable of me future will
not be a pat't of the barn. Tne latter
will be a place for the storage for
hay and r iir, while the cattle will
be'kept in an ell" or an addition so
arranged ns to afford the most light
and warm h. with special reference
to sanitary c nditions. It will be
upon the ground, not with floor
stilted above the earth to give a
chance for a cave of foul smells
under the place. Silos will take the
place of large storing places for food,
and the dairy barn will be no high
castle like building. The best au
thorities now pronounce against ma
nure cellars under the cows or hay
lofts over them to absorb the bad air
Prizes are often taken by com
mon cows fed iu the old way, and
where the open pan is the only uten
sil. Sometimes there is more in the
dairyman or the dairymaid than in
thoroughbreds, silage, patent cream
ers, starter and all other parapher
nalia. Regularity, common sense
and cleanliness count for a great
The cow is more than a machine.
Whatever her merits may be, she is
susceptiple of improvement, and it
is folly to every conclude you have
a thing of perfection.
There is nothing much bet
ter to check scours in calves than
nitrate of bismuth. (Jive 10 or 15
grains every three hours until re
lieved. No particular caution need
be exercised. Stint the supply of
milk given; while a raw egg will aid
the action of the bismuth. If the
disease assumes the contagious form,
carefully disinfect the stables.
If the cow sucks herself, put a
'bull ring" in Iter nose, and over this
fasten with a wire a piece of sole
leather three or four inches square.
It will hardly be necessary to place
sharp nails in the leather.
Reputation counts. The farmer
who has one for honesty in his stock
in trade can get the best prices from
the butchers, and townsmen will
pay him more willingly when they
want a prune Jersey miiKer. i,vea
lils butter, eggs, poultry and lambs
are in demand before others.
It no longer pays to keep a scrub
cow a whole year for a $(i calf and
200 pounds of butter, at the most.
It is rare to nna an Alaerney
which will not make a pound of but
ter a day, and her full bred calf will
sell for from $3u to $00 as soon as
born. Aldernevs will eventuilly
take lead of all other cows for the
If your cows came in iresn last
fall and were well fed all winter,
they have kept tolerably rluh for
the six months, although failing a
little in March ; but just in the nick
n you tr?
trade with us you do
r Our new steel binders, with steel
platform, and all wearing parts fitted
with roller and ball bearings, insures
light draft and but little wear.
for 1898 are perfect in construction. Be
rated ledger plate in guards saves
grinding. I5all and Roller bearings,
makes them easy to handle.
Deering Hay Kates are all steel with
combined pole and shafts, so you
can work one or two horses, as you
please. They possess several points
superior to any other.
Oarr-Scott Engines and Threshers,
of time comes In the spring pasture,
rich and juicy, and there you are
with cows whose flows of milk is
greatly increased, and promising
well until calving time again.
For the fowls no green food equals
chopped onions; they are a'ike bene
ficial to old and young. They in
vigorate, break up colds, and are in
valuable in cases of indigestion and
soft or swelled crop.
Only business methods pay in auv
business. I he wise poultry in: n
n us as soon after maturity as good
prices can be obtained ; lie has a de
finite purpose when he feeds, and
gives such treatment as is essential
to the procuring of the best growth
Give the hens intended for breed
ers sweet nourishing food, and keep
them in motion; especially he care
ful not to overfeed them with corn
at any time. Very fat fowls are poor
breeders, and are more liable to lay
soft shelled eggs.
Were your ducks slow in begi -ning
to lav? They did not g"t
enough vegetable diet. In any
event, boil up the potato and turnip
par ngs for them, anil thicken thet-e
with bran for a morning meal, iu
early spring. Bran, scalded with
hot milk, makes for them an excel
A pound of clover and quart of
bran will mako a good meal for 20
hens, costing hut a cent or two, and
a good meal at that, for it is a com
bination which is conducive to egg
production. The next morning a
pound of cut meat and hone should
serve for a meal, costing no" over a
cent. At night two pounds of wheat
or corn, worth about two cents,
should answer. Thus such a llck
should cost hut five cents a day, and
if they laid but thiee eggs they
would pay their way through the
The hen is simply an egg machine,
and if iu propel condition, fed the
right kind of food, water, light and
warmth supplied, she must either
lay or die, and most of them prefer
Especially when fruit crop are
heaviest does it pay to thin them,
for then is the greate.-t difference in
values between firsts and seconds
Inferior fruit, will go begging al
ways, while finer qualities are never
slow to go at any price.
A clay hillside will produce better
tomatoes than rich, black land.
They never do best on rich garden
soil ; they grow too rank, rot more,
and the quality is not so good as
when grown on thinner land.
Look out for the currant borer.
When the leaves startallected canes
begin to wither and die. Cut out
those affected below the black cen
ter, and bum at once.
Mulch the roots of currants and
gooseberrries to prevent growth of
weeds, but those of bearing age
should not tie disturbed by cultiva
tion or hoeing until after fiuiting
If a man can not enjoy all the
fruits of his labor, his children may.
In any event, he is but casting an
anchor to windward who plants
an orchard, a vineyard, a nut grove
or a tract of timber.
The best manure for muskmelons
is that obtained from the pig sty,
because it retains its moisture long
er than that from other sources.
Moisture seems to be u requisite;
they want rich, moist loam, and yet
the soil should not be damp and
A barrel of mixture is enough to
spray a dozen full grown trees. Be
thorough, and do not leave a tree
or plant until the job is thoroughly
done. If animals are pastured in
the orchard they will not be harmed.
The lime is added to prevent scald
ing of the leaves by the action of the
poison. Pears and plums will not
stand as strong a mixture as will
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Nonsense ami News, Odd and Ends,
WIsm and Otherwise.
Xo man ever strutted into heaven
o l a pair of intellectual stilts.
The traditional bee in a man's
bonnet is a sort of hum-bug.
As a rule the man who poses as a
high flyer doesn't My very far.
Don't worry Hbout things that
can't be remedied. Make the btst
"Miss Autumn told me her age
was 24." "I always 6aid that girl
Don't judge a man by his sh e
The biggest fiddle in the orchestra
plays the fewest notes.
Isabel What excuse have you for
doing sucn an unmaidenly thing as
proposing to JacR?
Mary The golden rule.
"A good many folks is economical
like my Uncle DinT."
"How was that, Ira?"
"Paid $18 for a machine that would
split matches." Indianapolis Jour
nal. "What was the cause," asked the
superintendent, "of the Egyptian
"I guess they didn't boil the
water," ventured a little girl in the
infant class. Chicago Tribune.
The Revolutionary war cost $135,
11)3.703 and 30,0(K) lives; the war of
1812, $107,15'J,00O and 2,000 lives;
Mexican war, $74,000,000 and 2,000
lives; the Indian wars and other
minor wars, $1,000,000,000 and 49,000
lives, anu the war between the states,
$8,500,000,000, and 544,000 lives.
Anxious Old Lady I say, my
good man, Is this boat going up or
Mu ly Deckhand Well, she s a
leaky old tub, mum, so I shouldn't
wonder if she was goin' down; then,
again, her b'ilers ain't none too good,
so she might go up! Answers.
Children like It, It saves their live.
We mean One Minute Cough Cure, the
infallible remedy for cough?, cold,
c "oup, bronchitis, irrippe, and all throat
anu lung troubles. A. li. Kama, ly
He Was ('mil ions.
lie walked into the apothecary shop
witn a nes'tatiug step, and glan :ert nerv
ousiy at tne rows or bottles with a
scared look in his pale blueees. After
lidgeling about uncertainly for some
time, he at last caught the eve of the
clerk, and beckoning mysteriously, led
the wav to a secluded corner bv the
cigar-case, where the clerk was auprised
by finding a trembling forefinger hooked
tenaciously into one of his buttonholes,
and an eager race thrust suddentv i
most a; a ust his. "What's the matter?"
asked the clerk. "I s'pose you can lay
your hand right on the morphine-bottle,
can t your ' sunt the stranger, in an
anxious whisper. "Yes sir; certainly,'1
replied the astonished salesman. "An
I reckon if you was pushed you could
lind the strychnine in a miri utJ or two?"
"Of course. ' "Mebbe the arsenic hasn't
got lost or mislaid clear beyond lindin',
if you lust had to, has it?" "Assuredly
not." "An' the sugar-of-lead bottle
couldn't net away from von if it tried?'
"Xo, indeed." "An'eliasing up the vitro)
to us nor would lie just play tor yon; '
"My dear sir, of course I am familiar
with all the drugs here." "Hut s'posing
some of the oilier fellers had been
eliaiigiu'tlvMn around, just as ajoke, you
Knuvr "What do you memr' "Mi)-
pn.-e the a Miles had got mixed? ' "Im
possible. Hesiifcs, everything isplainly
i ioeic.'." "An- tiur nin t no chance
voiir pal min' off prussie acid for peppi
mint?" "Not the slightest." "We'i,
1 ve halt u notion to risk it. es
you may give me two ounces of pepper
in in t, young man." Harper's Hound
tULl'MHlA MARKET HE POUT.
Corrected weekly by E. W. Gambit
urooery uoinpany aim n. uoiding.
Cotton 4 Mi 5)i
Sorghum, from wagon
Butter t It
(iinseng 2 u(2 2f;
Chickens 15 ')
Clear sides hi 6
Crimson Clover 8 50
Blue Grass 1 25gl 50
Orchard Grass t 50
Timothy 1 W
Red Top 75
Grain and Hay.
Wheat .. Hi3 !I2
Corn 3(1(4 36
Oats 40 4ft
((.V Clover, from wagon.... o(i(8 fid
Tiniotln ,lrom wagon 5X(3 tJS
Lard, from wagon 5U(3
Flour, per bbl 4 7,i(25 50
Ninrar, granulated oum M
'"'fiee KM 20
Mal.trom mill 40a 4(i
Free Trial Treatment
iTn rimrrnnn who suffers with any
1 U liVU JUUO chronic disease of
liny miri of tlie liiiiiuin liodv. such us Kid
n y nnil Hluililer. Ileiirt. Liverioid Stoinnch
troubles, race find i-kin Eruptions, ilisor
ders (it the Sexual Organs, Sexial Wkak
N Ks mid I lulilTe rence, etc.
Provided upplicat ton be niixle nt once. In
order Hint its inventions, appliances nnd
never-fioliim remedies may receive the
widest possible publicity, and prove their
own merits ry actual use and permanent
cures. No money whatever will fie received
by the Illinois Slate Sanitarium from any
one under itf treatment until beneficial ri
suits are acknowledged. Its remedlesand ap
pliances nave been coniinvnUeu by tne news
papers of two continents and endorsed by
t lie uretite-t doctor in I lie w orld. Wlierede"
velopinent Is desired they accomplish It and
never fail to InviKorate. upbuild and forti
fv. They Infuse new life and energy. They
permanently stop nil losses which under
mine t he const it ut ion and prod ace despon
dency. They retone. refresh mid restore to
manhood, regardless of aue. They cure evil
habits and permanently remove their ef
feets. as well lis t hose of excesses and over
taxed brain work, neurasthenia or nervous
exhaustion. No failure, iiojpuhlicity. no
decepi ion.no disappoint nient . Write to-day.
I I K MtlUl AL SAM I AICIIM.
marls am Kantie, III.
CyJ A woman's hand
If it is smooth and white it
save her hands)
to do her cleaning. If her hand
It shows she is still using tne
Why (lou t you use ooui
Dust Washing Powder?
Largest package greatest economy.
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY,
Chicago. St. Louis. New York.
AN OPEN LETTER
WE ARE ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR EIGHT TO
THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD ''CASTORIA," AND
TITCHER'S CASTORIA," AS OUR TRADEMARK.
J, DR. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was the originator of "CASTORIA," the same that
has borne and does now bear - on every
the fac-simile signature of wrapper.
This is the original "CASTORIA" which has been used in
the homes of the Mothers of America for over thirty years.
LOOK CAREFULLY at the wrapper and see that it is
the hind you have always bought - on the
and has the signature of btyf&cJCw wrap
per. No one has authority from me to use my name except
The Centaur Company, of which Chas. H. Fletcher is President
March 24,1898 7 , j
Do Not Be Deceived.
Do not endanger the life of your child by accepting
a cheap substitute which some druggist may offer you
(because he makes a few more pennies on it), the in
gredients of which even lie does not know.
"The Kind You Have Always Bought"
BEARS THE SIGNATURE OF
Insist on Having
The Kind That Never Failed You.
THI CENTAUR COM PAN V, TT MUNHAV STRCCT, NEW YORK OITT.
THE PHOENIX :. BANK,
PAID IN CAPITAL
We solicit the accounts of Fanners, Merchants and others, nnd guarantee fth libera)
trt'Htment w Is consistent with safe business principles.
J. P. STKKKT, JNO. V. FK1KKSO.N, Jr., J. L,. HUTTON,
j ii 11 1 President. Vice-President. Cashlnr.
I 1R H
Strictly a Banking Business.
Bith a I. Howard.
J. E. Bkownlow.
J. W. FRY.
rresiatuu. vice-iresiaent. Cashier,
flWe solicit deposits, no matter how small, and promise courteous attention to enr
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK
Accounts of fnrniers. merchants and otherH solicited.
Of.oltliK T. Ill Gil Ks, ROBKRT C. CHURCH,
Jnl President. Vice-President.
Surreys and Phajtous, also medium and cheaper grades. Latest
styles and prices ritrht. Large stock of Harness at prices to
suit customers. Bee
Satterfleld & Dodson
ST. GERMAIN FEMALE PILLS.
The only oriinnl and genuine I rem h
Kriuitle H. itnUtor, of Mine. Mt. (iermilili
Paris. I'nsurpHSM-il as being wife, sure and
reliable in every case. s.., under positive
KUiiiiiiUee or inoin-y refunded. Get the
genuine. Price 1.im per box bv mail. Hole
agents for the fnited Htates and t'anada.
KIi HARVARD III,,
marlM ly l."iT Washigntou .St.. Chicago
For the Best Job Printing,
tells the tale I
shows she uses lier head to
that she uses
is rough, wrinkled and shrunken,
old soap and soda combination.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS!
J. P. MTRKKT.
JOHN W. KKIKHSON. JB.
JOHN A. OAK KW.
JOHN I). DOBBINS.
.1. L. HUTTON.
W. B. HRKKNLAW
W. T. TKVINF.
I). K. V ATKINS.
J. P. Brownlow.
J. F. Brownlow.
J. J. Flkminq
T. J. Bea.
J. P. BROWNLOW. j. p. KHnwiMiow
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
O. T. Huehep.
C. A. Parker.
H. L. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. C Church
A. F. Brown.
A. 15. Rains.
W. M. Chealrs.
W. P. Ridley.
R. W. McLemore, Jr
John W. Cecil.
C. A. PARKER,
Valuable to Women.
Esjiecially valuable to women is Drowns'
Iron Bitters. Backache vanishes, headache
disappears, strength takes the place of
weakness, and the glow of health readily
comes to the pallid cheek when this non
derful remedy ia taken. For sickly children
or overworked men it has no equal. No home
should lie without this famous remedy.
Browns' Iron Bitters ia sold by all dealers.
Bring your Work to this Office.