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THE COLUMBIA IIEHAlu: FU1DAY, MAY L'O, lHiN.
DOBBINS & EWING-
HARDWARE AND QUEENSWARE.
The only CASH HOUSE in this line in Columbia; wh. n you trade with us you do
not pny other people's bad debts. You always get value received.
Builders' Hardware, Nails, Locks, Hinges, Etc., Etc.
THE MOWN SritlXU TRIP CULTIVATOR has proven a granduccess.The only spring trip which
linn ever given absolute satisfaction.
DBBRING HARVESTING- MACHINERY.
Our New Light Running Tennessee Wagons are the Rest.
Cillzens' Ttieptiow 73.
Agricultural and Live
Hear in, mind thatwhen thesupply
of timber begins to grow bo short that
there is not an abundance of wood
for all needs of the farm, the market
value of the farm sutlers atone.
Why can not farming, in proper
circumstances, bo made one of the
exact (faience? We canbesure of
the results if we can make the con
ditions.1 With the earning power
of the Hnd fixed and drouth provid
ed against, we' can almost safely
measure thelcrop beforehand. This
will be much more the case in the
In comparatively few localities
have they undertaken the rnanufac
ture of starch from potatoes, hut it
has proved a profitable industry
where tried, and has increasd the
value of farm lands devoted to the
crowing of this crop. Talk up starch
T tk if rvti da
Those who deride extensive culti
vation and extra heavy manuring
nave never attempted to practice
them. Trial will bring respect
. Make the experiment, and do not
'Condemn a thing until you have
If you have bought a run down
farm, do not expecgood crops while
you are trying to build it up. Such
an effort will but make the land
poorer. Build up the soil first; the
good crops will come in. their own
Where double cropping can be
practiced it is a nrettv certain wav
In which to increase the earnings of
the land. Crops must be used, of
course, which do not require a long
season for maturing, and you must
make up your mind to supply
enough manure to counteract the
extra strain . upon the soil. More
farmers ought to be able to see their
way clear to practice such a method.
If it is done systematically, it does
not take much time nor trouble to
keep a farm free from weeds. When
they get full possession of a single
field the owner will lose more there
than it would have cost him to clear
the whole farm of them.
Selection of seed corn has reduced
the size of the cob just as the selec
tion in breeding meat stock has re
duced the size of the bone. Home
claim to have made a reduction
from 18 pounds to the bushel to just
one-half nine pounds. They have
also increased the yield and de
veloped early maturity just as we
have stock breeders; and yet there
are still farmers who plant any seed
which conies handy and raiso scrub
Btock. Bo it will always be.
If the barnyard drains into the
road and the road ditch runs into
the creek, a good many dollars may
be washed out of the manure pile in
the course of the season.
Things will rust out faster than
they will wear out. More wagons
go to pieces from standing in the
Bun and rain than from use, and it is
not an uncommon thing to see cost
ly mowers and harvesters standing
lu the fields where last used, or in a
corner of the barnyard with no cov
ering over them but the blue eky
Canada grows the best turnips,
and always will. They requiresum
lners not too hot nor too dry. If the
weather continues long above 60 or
70 degrees the turnip becomes pithy
and worm eaten. The flavor Is im
proved bv slight freezing. More
over, they are larger and sweeter in
a cool climate.
Tillage and manuring must go to
gether to bring good crops. Tillage
makes the plant food available, but
exhaustion follows the more ra
pidly. If continuous cropping is
practiced the manure must not be
withheld, however good the tillage
The farmer must sometimes over
work his horses a little. As soon as
the opportunity cornea, pull oil their
shoes and turn them out for a fort
night's run on good grass. Let them
have shelter from storm and sun,
and just the additional grain that
their cases seem to demand.
No department of agriculture re
quires more perfect knowledge than
that of horse breeding, and It is for
thar reason that the farmer who
never makes any profit from it
should turn his hand to something
else, and turn this art over to men
who are competent.
Just us the railways have increas
ed the use for gooil iiorses the fact
has become established that elec
tricity is doing the same thing.
Thousands of motors require tein of
thousands of good horses to haul
their material and manufactured
products, which are increasing as
the industrial interests develop.
The horse has a way of showing
his appreciation of kind treatment.
Improvements in this regard are be
ing fast made in the cities, where
the cruel check rein is going out of
fashion, and where drinkint: foun
tains are everywhere established.
The farmer, wo are soi ry to say, is
lagging most in this repect, and we
too often see a lack of concern for
the comfort of bis horse.
Especially in European countries
the number of horses used in cities
and towns increases every year in a
more rapid proportion than the
population of the same. This is
doubtless due to the greater number
of public conveyances and the traf
fic steam and electricity bring.
Horses not at work can bo kept in
better condition during the winter
on cornstalks than on timothy hay,
which is too often the unvarying
and expensive winter feed.
Many do not keep bees because
they think they do not pay. In a
good season tons of good honey ma
terial go to waste within a mile of
almost every farm in the country,
and a good colony of bees will return
more profit than a Jersey cow. When
the season is a bad one the bees
store enough to keep themselves, so
that they are not costing their
Bees do not shallow honey, as
some suppose, but place it as gather
ed in their honey sacs, which is in
front of and entirely outside the real
stomach. A bee weighs three times
as much when returning to the hive
loaded as it did when starting out in
The fossil bee, as it existed 6, (XX)
years ago. was the same as now. In
size it was not different, and its comb
was the same. Apparently, they
have not changed; they have for
gotten nothing, have learned noth
ing. Where bees are kept an acre of
buckwheat will yield a greater prof
it from the honey in it than from
the grain it contains. Its honey is
not the best, but it is good. Clover
is always a good honey plant, and
where It grows it never fails to bloom,
making it a sure source of supply.
A queen bee never uses her sting
unless engaged in battle with a rival
queen. Unless an embryo queen is
guarded by the workers, the old
queen will sting her to death.
One good, strong colony of bees is
better than two weak ones. The
former will store enough honey for
its own use and a surplus for its
owner, while the weak ones will not
have an ounce to spare. If the col
onies are weak in the spring, double
them up, so as to have every hive
full of bees.
Because a hour or a beef will sell bv
the pound we feed it well, but not
one fanner in ten will feed a milch
cow enough to enable her to do half
as well as she might.
In tlie dairy the irregularity of
supplying salt is detrimental to the
best results ; it is essential not only
to health and vigor, but it aids di
gestion. A milch cow will lose rap
idly li salt is withheld.
The nrice for the best-, hntr.or ia nl.
ways high enough to ensure a prof-
i. i . il .
u io ine maKer; me price oi tne
poorest is always low enough to en
sure a loss. There it no trouble with
the business itself, but there is
trouble with the methods of inanv
lo prove that there is something
in breeds and methods, the averaH
yield of milk a cow for all cows in
the country in lhTX) was 7(H) onurn n
year; in ls'.K) the average was 1,300
quarts, inis is equivalent to nearly
doubling the number of cows, and
yet caring for no more.
It is irood advice that the con-a
and young stock should be fed for a
few weeks after beiug turned on
Our new steel binders, with steel
platform, and all wearing parts fitted
with roller and ball bearings, insures
light draft and but little wear.
for 1898 are perfect in construction. Be
rated ledger plate in guards saves
grinding. Rail and Holler bearings,
tralus them easy to handle.
Deering Hay Rakes are all steel with
combined pole aDd shafts, so you
can work one or two horses, as you
please. They possess several points
superior to any other.
(Jarr Scott Engines and Threshers,
grass, uorn and rougn reed are
cheaper than grass, often, and the
Increase or milk, flesh and growth
which will result from liberal feed
ing in the spring is worth more than
the saving of a little cheap hay and
One poor cow in the herd will eat
all the profit from one good cow.
That means two cows kept for noth
ing. No man can afford to do that
kind of business. Weed out the
poor stuff at once.
Succulent food increases the flow
of milk, though it does not increase
the percentage of water in it. There
is tuways a better fl w of milk in
June, hut the milk is fully of as good
quality as at other times. In other
words, the character of the fool in
fluences the yield and the quality of
butter from aiiv cow.
You will save much more and bet
ter fertilizer if you will use land
plaster for absorbing the noxious
gases which emanate from the
manure of fowls. Sprinkle a few
handfuls every day beneath the
roosts. Coal ashes are a good
substitute, if used when they come
dry and fresh from the furnace.
If we breed for pioliflcacy rather
than for questionable fine points we
can soon set our own pr'ces for that
which we have to sell from the
poultry yard. When the public is
persuaded that we have fowls to
sell which will produce more eggs
than any other breed, it will care
nothing about color or feathers or
If a case of eggs contains but half
a dozen which are soiled, the whole
is condemned and reduced in grade,
no matter how fresh the dirty ones
are. Hoot at this as much us you
please, the buyer makes-allowance
for every dirty egg, and you pet a
lower price for the whole. Then
they will be assorted according to
quality and appearance.
Breeders have surplus stock
which they sell cheaply at this
season, a trio or pure ored fowls
will cost more than a setting of
eggs, nut it will save a full year in
getting into the improved stock. A
few of the best of the old hens can
be k"pt to lay eggs for the table and
for setters, or they will produce half
bred fowls. On no account should
any of the half bred cocks be kept
for breeding, for they will rapidly
deteriorate the fiock.
It is not good policy to cross pure
bred fowls. The result m ty be as
good as either of their parents, but
too often will they possess the un
desirable characteristics of both.
All breeding is for the purpose of
getting rid of undesirable tenden
cies, and there is a constant conflict
between the good and bad in the
oldest of pure breeds. When we
cross breeds we let down the bars to
the evil in them, and they usually
show full force in the offspring.
Put pure bred males with mongrel
heiih, but never expect improve
ment from crossing two pure breeds.
II i t I c ii 1 1 ii re.
There is no profit in growing poor
berries for market. It costs no
more to raise good ones; it costs less
to pick and pack them; freights are
the same. For good berries tho
market is never over-stocked.
Matted rows prove themselves
bearers of larger and more abundant
strawberries than when they are
kept in stools. This is an unex
pected result, but careful experi
ment has shown it to be so.
One of the things which scientists
have not yet explained is that rot
never attacks grapes which climb
into trees or that fasten themselves
to the walls of the house.
There is probably no better way to
treat young trees which have been
bruised by the singletree In plowing
than to supply wet clay and wrap
about with burlay.
An ordinary drouth is harmless
when berries have a frequent cul
tivation, for the roots then strike
deep into the mellow soil, and a
vigorous growth is stimulated.
One cut with the hoe will destroy
the parent weed. How mauy cuts
w ill it take to destroy its progeny
when a good thrifty weed will pro
duce 50,XK) seeds?
With quinces there must be young
wood, or there will be no fljwers
and no fruit. Despite the common
opinion, it is important that quinces
If ants bother about the garden
they can he successfully driven
away by pouring a quantity of coal
oil on top of each ant hill. The ap
plication will not he long In bring
ing about the desired result.
A IllMlory ofllie I,tttl Inland In n Nut
shell. Cuba was discovered by Christo
pher Columbus Octobf r 28,141)2. He
believed that he had discovered the
mainland of India, but was per
suaded by the aborigines that he
was on an island. On his second
visit to Cuba he again believed that
he was on the mainland, and it is
said that he died in this belief. This
firm conviction he committed to
writing, in order that posterity
might be Informed of it.
Columbus called the island Juana,
in hot:or of the son and heir of Fer
ditnnd and Isabella. When Ferdi
nand died it was changed to Santi
ago. Then some pious Spaniard
came along and called it "Ave
Maria." It bore a number of other
names, until at last Cuba triumphed
over all the rest. Columbus landed
near the River Maximo and there
found a gentle, docile race of Amer
The first Cuban war occurred 19
years after the discovery of the
island. Velasqiuz came over in 1511
with an army of 300 men to pacify
the Cuban Indians, who were named
the Ciboneyes. Velasquez began
the cruel methods ever since prac
ticed by the Spaniards in Cuba.
When he found that the gentle
Indians would offer no resistance, he
sent for their chief and had him
burned at the stake, by way of in
timidating the poor fellows, who
said not a word to such treatment.
This deed of horror Velasquez
followed up by dividing the Indians
among his friends, who set up plan
tations on the island and worked the
natives as slaves. By the close of
the century the original Cubans had
almost become extinct from cruil
treatment and burdensome work.
Negio slaves then took the place of
the natives, and from them sprang
the stock of the Macros and Massos
of the present rebellion. In 1537 the
King of Spain acquired the right
from Vela.quez to name the Govern
or of the Cuban inland, or "Captain
General," as he was called. Her
nando de Soto was named by royal
Santiago, a city built by Valas
quez, was the capitol until 1552,
when the seat of government was
removed to Havana. According to
Spanish law only Castilians were
permitted, by penalty of death, lo
settle in Cuba, and for a century the
population decreased rapidly" and
agriculture languished. The' negro
population of Cuba always rebelled
against Spanish rule. Tho first re
bellion began 1717, and for nearly
100 years Spain had its hands full to
quell it. Even then men were
starved and hanged and garroted
and stabbed in the back, as they
were later under Weyb r. , Mean
while negro slavery progressed.
The trade in negroes was declared
free, and the black men wre poured
into the country by the thousands
and hundred thousands. This im
portation of black labor continued
lor 2"i years. Miscegenation set in,
and the Kaffirs and other negroes
were improved by mixture with
Mediterranean blood. This some
what freed them, but they wanted
more of liberty. From Infancy the
Cuban half-breed sucked the milk
of hatred against despised Spanish
rule. Liberty became the holy
cause forwhich every Cuban longed,
prayed and suffered.
Cuba first attracted the attention
of the United States in 1848. The
slight glance inspired the Cubans
with hope, anil they began to look
to America for their ultimate de
livery. Whether or not Spain saw
her downfall at the beginning of the
present century can never be con
firmed, but her oiler to the United
States in 1825 indicated as much.
For big commercial concessions
they were asked to guarantee to
Spain the continued possession of
Cuba. Then Polk proposed to buy
Cuba from Spain for $100,000,000.
The offer was rejected. Narcisso
Lopez, the Cuba martyr of life and
liberty, was burned at the stake 50
years ago, with Velasquez history
repeating itself. St. Louis Republic.
Why is one woman attractive and an
other'not? The most admirable and at
tractive thing about an attractive wom
an is her womanliness. Everybody ad
min's a womanly woman. !She must
have health, of course, because without
it she would lose the brightness of her
eyes, the fullness of her cheeks and her
vivacity. Heal health must mean that
a woman is really a woman. That she
is strong and perfect in a sexual way,
as well as in every other. That she 'is
capable of performing perfectly the du
tie of maternity. Some are born with
what is called "constitutional weak
ness." Those who do not enjoy pe.'fect
health, need only to take the proper
precautions and 'the proper remedy to
become pei fectly well and strong. Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription will cure
any deramrementof the distinctly femi
nine organism Sand 21 cents in 1-eent
stamps to World's Dispensary Medical
Association, buffalo, X. Y., and receive
Dr. Pierce's loos page "Common Sense
Medical Adviser," illustrated.
A Few Conclusions.
Nature is a corporation; all are
stockholders entitled to dividends, if
there are any.
Beauty can not be monopolized;
wherever it appears, humanity
claims it as impersonal, a possession
forever ami for ail.
Powers come to the tool. It is
faith that begins to shove the plane
or to drive the pen soon there is
more than faith, there is power,
If men generally would set sail,
they would make fair voyages, for
tune showing a good average to ad
venturers. To create beauty is to be enrolled
in the ranks of the immortals
beauty being the unappeasable de
sire of all creation, he only gift for
which humanity is truly grateful.
S. C. P.Jones, Milesbtirg, Pa., writes:
'I have used DeWitt's Little Early
Risers ever since they were introduced
here and must say I have never used
anv oills in mv family during fortv
years of house keeping that save such
satisfactory results as a laxative or
cathartic.' A. B. Bains. ly
Which Ha f is
the Better half
The housewife's duties are harder than men
realize. Cleaning alone i9 a constant tax on her
strength, a never-ended task. More than half the
work of cleaning she can have done for her, if 6he
will, and the expense will be next to nothing.
THE PHOENIX BANK,
COLL'M 111 A,
PAID IN CAPITAL
We solicit the accounts of Farmers, Merchants and others, and guarantee ai libera)
treatment as Is consistent with safe business principles.
J. P. STREKT, JNO. W. V KlfcKsON, Jr., J. L. MUTTON,
janl President. Vice-President. Cashlnr.
Strictly a Banking Business.
J. E. Bkownlow.
J. W. FKV.
We solicit deposits, no matter bow
Datrons. Janl j
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK"
s-wi it nn w a wf t niiiir.'ti
"fAccount of farmers, merchant nnd
GrtiKOK T. HUGHES, ROBERT
Surreys and Phaetons, also medium and cheaper grades. Latest
stylus and prices rirht. Large stock of Harness at prices to
suit customers. Hee
For the Best Job Printing,
Bring your Work to this Office.
Nonsense hii1 New., Oill and End,
Wise and Otherwle.
Life has no blessing like a prudent
"There is one thing I like about
volcanoes," remarked' the quiet
man ; "when they smoke they don't
use cigarettes." Exchange.
8unday-school Teacher This
morning I saw a number of little
boys watching a base ball game
through holes in a fence. I hope I
did not see you there, Johnny?
Johnny No ma'am; you didn't
see me. I was inside.
The creature most tenacious of
life is the common sea polyp. One
may be cut in two, and two creat
ures are the result. One may be slit
lengthwise into half a dozen sections,
making as many animals. They
may be turned inside out and enjoy
themselves just the same as before.
"Tell the class what an island Is,
"Yes'm; an island is a body of
land surrounded by United Spates
Weary Raggle9: "De first ting
does Spaniards do will be to land at
Tattered Tom: "What damage
can dey do dere?"
Weary Raggles: "A whole lot;
dey can shoot de shoots."
"Is there any woman in Spain
greater than the Queen Regent?"
asked good old Aunt Sally of Uncle
'Not that I knows on, Sal, but
from what I heerd In the papers
Oineral Weyler's typer-wrlter must
be a right peert girl." Denver
Bronco Pete: "80 Tarantula Tom
is dead, an' only 40 years old!
That's what yer might call beln' cut
down In the prime uv life."
Orizzley Grady: "Yaas, yer
might call it that; but the facts uv
the case wus, he wusn't cut down
till he'd been dead for over a week."
The wings of the American eagle
measure a good many miles from tip
to tip, but they do not spread wide
enough to cover permanently outly
ing possession like Hawaii and the
Philippines. Boston Olobe.
Does the better half of cleaning ; does it better
than any other way known ; doe9 it easily, quickly
and cheaply. Largest package greatest economy.
THE N. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY,
Chicago. St. Louis. New York. Boston. Philadelphia.
BOARD OF niRKCTORSl
J. P. MTRKKT.
JOHN W KKIERKON, JB.
JOHN A. OAKKH.
JOHN T. DOHB1M4.
.1. Li. HI'T'i'ON.
W. B. GREENLAW
W. T. IRVINK.
D. F. W ATKINS.
J. P. Brownmw
J. V. Bkownlow,
J. J. FLICK ins'
T. J. RiA.
P. BROWNI.OW, ,?. F. BKOWNLOW.
small, and promise courteous attention to our
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
G. T. Huehes.
II. L. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. C rhurch
A. V. Brown.
A. ii. Rains.
W. M. Cheairs.
W. P. Kidle.
R. W. McLemore. Jtt
John W. Cecil.
C. A. PARKER,
Satterfield & Dodson
RAILROAD TIME TAULE.
Louisville and atthville Division.
No. 2 leaves 6:85 p. m.
No. 4 leaves fi-.xt a. m.
No, 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 5:45 p. m,
No. " " leaveB... tt:80 a. m,
No. 8 (fast line) leaves 10.25 a. m,
No. 1 (fast line) leaves z:b5 a. m
No. 7 (Tuscumbla and Nanhvllle
Accommodation) arrives 9:30 a. m.
No. 6 (Pulaski Acco'ni leaves.... 7:00 p. m.
Nttxhvllle and Florence Dlvixlon.
No. 7 Accommodation, leaves 10:23 a. m.
No 8 Florence Accommodation,
between TuHcumbla sua
Nashville, arrives 6:80 p. m'
Naghvtll, Chattanooga ft St. Lou In Railroad-
Ouck Klver Valley LMvinlon.
No. 1 leaves :so a. m.
No. 2 leavet 7:00 p. m,
No. 1 arrive .' :oo p. m.
No. t arrive." 6:20 a. m.
Close connection is made with throngb
trains on the Louisville and Nashville and
Great rtoutbern Railroad.
Ky virtue of a mortgage or deed of
trust executed to me by H. .1. Hayes,
colored, on the 17th day of March, isi7,
I will, on
MONDAY, JUNE 2(1, ln-.is,
offer for sale forcash.at thecourt-hou.se
door in the city of Columbia, free from
theriKhtsand equities of redemption,
to satiafy the debt, costs and accrued
interest, set forth in said trust, the fol
lowing piece of real estate situated In
Manry County, Tennese, and in the
Wecond Ward of the city of Columbia,
on what is known as East Hill, and
hounded and described as follows:
Fronting the street 4(1 feet and run-i
back between parallel lines 14.1 feet and
is bounded on the North bv the proper
ty of Hettie Marshall, on the East bv
Henry A. IStronit, on the South by a 10
foot alley that divides said lot from the
Property of Mrs. J. II. Woodside and
West by street. This tfith day of May.
IHltS. PARALEE K1TTRELL,
m ay 3) 4 1 Trustee.
UNCALLED FOR LfcTTEKS.
The following is the list of letter
for the week ending May 1!), lS'.lH.
Campbell, T.ula Hill, ST,
Challin, Abe Irvin, Mary Helen
Dean.Mattie Jamison, Emma
l)uke, Jm Iive, Vlrgie
bunlap, E McAllwin, W E
roster, Jack Moore, Miss A
Uouncherlio, Alice Roberts, J F
Hall, Martha Thorn, Ida
Hart, Mattie Smiih, EJ
Harris, Cora I'pshaw, Mrs M K
Hening, C 8 Vaughn, Lizzie
Parties callinz for the above letters
please say advertised.
it. F. Fariss, P. M.