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THE COLUMBIA ILERAjljj: If KID AY, MAY 27, 18iS.
SHOO FLY! SHOO FLY!
Don't bother me ! Well, if you buy your Screen Doors,
Windows, and Screen Wire Cloth from us you won't have any
"flies on you." Don't keep flies off, but keeps them out. We
keep all the standard size doors from 2 ft. G in. by G ft. 6 in., to
o ft. by 7 ft., also screen sash to fit any windows.
REFRIGERATORS. There Is no luxury equal to a good refrige
rator. We have them from $10.00 to $20.00.
m0WfP A I CARRIAGES. Prices from $4.00
;v':kW.'fi to $16,00. Rubber tires and foot brakes. New
Ui&0i$f ebt colors in upholstery and parasols.
Citizens; Telepnoue 73.
Agricultural and Live
A leak in a roof which might be
stopped in i minute may be the
means spoiling a dollar's worth of
grain ; but there is no end to leaks
on a farm.
A few acre planted early with
corn or sorghum will furnish one of
the best and cheapest safeguards
from drouth. If not needed for sum
mer feeding, a good supply of excel
lent winter food is at hand.
A few hours spent in draining a
low spot may allow a field to be
worked sooner than it could have
been undrained. This has been a
good spring to notice where drains
are needed and to see the good ef
fects of those already in.
A productive grass farm may be
made the corntr stone for success
fully following either the stock or
the dairy business, and without
grass you can not hope to succeed
with either. A fall heeding of grass
with rye will result often in a good
catch, if tried on sandy land, where
Bpring seeding has failed. Poor or
suHpiciou grass seed sown Is worse
than money thrown away.
One reason why we do not get
6,976 ears to the acre of corn is that so
many stalks fail to produce a good
ear, and one reason for this is want
of proper pollenization at the prop
er time. If we plant but one varie
ty, and this all at the same time,
the pollen may fall before the ears
are at the proper stage of growth to(
receive it, and we have half matur
ed, faulty ears. It would be better
to plant a portion of it a little later,
so as to prolong this stage of pollen
ization. Hetter still, plant a later
variety. Try planting every sixth
or eighth row to a later variety and
of a distinct kind. In short, plant
pure seed always, but do not plant a
single variety in the field for best
When crops are put in the ground
in a haphazard fashion their suc
cess or failure Is almost wholly de
pendent upon the weather. With
proper care in preparing the soil and
in planting, the elements of chance
are reduced to a minimum.
Keep at the stones all the time,
doing a little each year, and you
will at last get the fields free from
them. Htones wear out plow points,
and never Increase the crops of
grasa or grain.
Most of the rain falling on the
growing corn is conducted by the
leaves away between the rows. Here
you find nearly all the feeding roots,
and many of them near the surface.
To run a shovel plow between the
rows break up this feeding ground
of the roots. This way of nature
also shows us where cultivation and
manures should be applied.
He who has planted a field of po
tatoes has already involved himself
In considerable expense for labor
and seed, and is under obligations
to give the crop good and prompt
care. With this crop promptness is
more important than with almost
any other. A single day's neglect
may cause a loss of several dollars
an acre. The weeds and the beetles
are ever at work.
With potatoes we now know that
both size and quality depend upon
the foliage. It is through the leaves
that the crop gets the carbon which
In the juices of the potato turns to
starch. Beetles and their larva;
may be attended to next week, but
after the foliage has been half eaten
up the crop can not be expected to
amount to very much. They must
even eat some of the leaves to get
poion enough to kill them. The
most careful cultivators prefer hand
picking from the beginning of the
8ave part of the pasture for July
and August, or put in some drilled
corn, oats, peas or something of the
sort, to be cut up when dry; hot
summer leaves you without grass.
It is useless to attempt to keep
well animals in a healthy condition
where they are compelled to eat and
sleep with the sick ones. Quaran
tine regulations are an absolute
necessity for the successful handing
of herds when disease once finds
lodgment among them.
There is no department of modern
farming to which there is so much
difficulty in making converts as in
BICYCLES. We are agents for the Ores
cent wlieels. None better at any price. Iticy
cle sundries. Wheels repaired on short notice.
CREAM FREEZERS, u
want the bHt made, buy a lu Freezer,
tell the White Mountain Freezer. 8ee our
ces, they are money-savers.
Don't forget we are the people that
make the lowest prices on Crockery,
Stoves and Tinware. And we sell jor
the rationing of live stock. Atten
tion can not be fixed too intently
upon the composition of food and
adapting it to the end for which the
animal is kept.
It is within the reach of every
farmer to keep a little better stock
in the future than he has in
the past. Look about, and see in
what line the best chance offers.
A good animal of any sort is like a
good machine, in that it will utilize
raw products to the best advantage.
It does this with less waste, and con
sequently with more profit, than can
The manure from different kinds
of stock, feed in different ways, mav
be widely different in qualities. It
is a good plan to have a pit so ar
ranged that all can be thrown to
gether and thoroughly mixed before
it is put on the fields.
Do we all know that good farming
is not possible unless we have effi
cient teams? Horses are very cheap
now, and it is a good time to dispose
of the poorer work animals and fill
their places with better ones.
Economy in feeding is the sure road
to profit, provided you begin with
good stock ; poor stock will not re
turn the cost of the food, and you
will not get nothing at all for your
labor. Do not go into business on a
poor foundation of that sort.
The workman who does not stop
to clean collars of his work harness
wheu.he finishes his day's work will
soon have horses with sore should
ers, and capable of doing less work
If the horn fly comes around, or if
other flies' are troublesome, either
keep the catiile in the stable during
the summer days or put on some
thing to keep away the flies. Al
most any kind of grease will do this,
but it will be better if a little car
bolic acid is added. Hub around
the base of the horns, along the back
bone and on the brisket and flank,
and renew the application at least
once a week.
There is no disinfectant and de
odorizer as good as sunlight and air.
Keep the barns and stables as light
as possible, and the stock will be
much more comfortable and healthy
than if kept in semi-darkness.
Bince we have come to learn the
science of feeding mixed rations we
better appreciate the surplus pro
ducts of potatoes, apples and (tlnr
crops, too often allowed to go to
waste. These are a healthful varia
tion, and whenever any f these are
overabundant and the prices too
low it will pay better to feed them
to good stock not to scrubs, ever.
No question about good blood tell
ing. Common stock can be vastly
improved by good fed and care, but
the same end can be accomplished
more quickly, more surely and with
a better final outcome by the intro
duction of new and better blood.
It is not good policy to let milk
stand for any length of time in
wooden pails or receptacles, but
wooden churns and butter workers
are all right, and can be kept perfect
ly sweet and bacteria proof by the
use of plenty of hot water.
When we find a man who thinks
he can not make his herd any better
than it is, we are pretty sure we
have a man who is already on the
back track, for if improvement does
not continue, retrogression is very
sure to be at hand. Improvement
begins with the getting of a pure
bred sire, and may be continuous as
long as the owner stays in business.
One must recognize the flavor to
tell good butter, and very few cus
tomers will rest satisfied long with
beautifully tinted butter if there is
neither flavor nor grain to recom
mend it. No inventions have yet
been discovered to produce these but
first class and liberal feeding. Of
course, this is not leaving out the in
born abilities of the cow.
When the milch cow is growing
fat she is not being feed right to pro
duce the largest yield of milk, or she
is not the right breed for the dairy.
Since butter is the object, test her
cream while she is fattening and
after she becomes fat, and decide
her fate without any scruples.
Theoretically such an anomaly as
a general purpose cow can not exist.
Where the practical teat comes to
prove herself good for dairy and for
beef she will be found to lank 1
or the other. The requirements and
physical endowments necessary to
sustain these two relations are in
compatible with each other.
The dairyman who is not progres
sive has already taken a back seat.
We neither feed the cow nor take
care of her and her products just as
we did a year ago. One must he up
with the time, or out of it.
Well made llower bHis will add
materially to the appearance of the
yard, but a lot of neirlected beds can
hardly he considered ornamental.
If time presses, a good variety of
evergreens, hardy shrubs and roses
will give better satisfaction than
annuals. Premises thus made at
tractive have an added value and
bring a peculiar contentment.
When the cabbage worms puts in
an appearance put a teacup of fcero
sine in a pail of water, stir thorough
ly and sprinkle all over the cab
bages. If you have plunted the cab
bages, thU will insure an ampla
crop of saner kraut.
When the soil is stirred early in
the day it dries out before night, hut
if cultivated later in the day the
moist ground attacks more moisture
from the nir and adds to the supply
available for the crop. In a dry sea
son work in the garden shou'd not
be done until after o'clock in the
One can grow more strawberries
on a given area of ground, bushel
for bushel, than he can of com ; and
while he can buy his corn for from
20 to 40 cents a bushel, he can sell
his Btruwbe-ries for from $2."l) to $4
a bushel. Why does not every far
mer grow at least what he can con
sume at home?
If a fruit orchard of any kind
needs fertilizing, and you do not
know what food constituents the
soil most needs, you can venture to
spread raw bone meal and potash
liberally ; whether you want the car
bonate, sulnhate or muriate, you
will find it in unloached wood ashes.
When 18 inches high nip oil the
ends of the canesof blackberries and
black raspberries. This will cause
new laterals to grow, and these
should be trimmed in the spring al
so. ly this means the hearing sur
face is increased, and the bush is
kept low and strong.
In the spring we find a good many
of our young trees girdled by ro
dents; and this could have been pre
vented by placing wire scree'Mng
about them. To remedy the mutter
after it is done, cut small twigs from
the tree, about six inches long,
sharpen them at both ends, and in
sert above and below the hurt in cuts
made with a sharp knife; then cover
the whole with grafting wax. The
sap will go up these scions, and the
healing of the wound will be per
fect. The old method of applying fresh
cow's dung about a tree, when the
bark has been peeled oil by rabbits,
is a good one; wrap rags well about
the plaster. Let the plaster be thick,
and then pull fine dirt up around the
tree until the whole wound is cov
ered. For the worms which come on
currants and roses no remedy is
safer or more easily applied than
white helleboro. Let about an ounce
be dissolved in two gallons of water
and applied with a sprinkler or a
brush broom. The worm first ap
pears on the lower currant branches
about the time tha first fruit is
It is not well to let fruit grow on
strawberry plants the first season;
pick off the buds and blo?soms. Let
them grow in matted rows, with
paths between, keeping the rows
thinned out. If they grow strong
remove the first runners, giving
room for the plants to spread. Dis
eases and insects are best guarded
agaiust by clean cultivation.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Cnildren.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
The Secretary of War wants
another assistant. What? With all
the editors in the country giving
him the benefit of their advice!
The statement is made that Ad
miral Dewey is a rock-ribbed Demo
crat. This, in connection with the
fact that he hails from Vermont,
sufficiently explains the victory at
Manila. There is nothing pizener
than a Vermont Democrat.- Wash
If we could trade at the rate of
100 orators for one battleship, we
should soon have just the navy we
need, with enough orators left on
hand for all future contingencies.
St. Louis Republic.
After Hawaii, what? The Philip
pines? Cuba? Porto Rico? Samoa?
A colonial policy that means eter
nal war and a huge standing army?
Do we need a coaling station in the
Pacific badly enough to engage in
eternal wrangling with other na
tions over desert islands and savage
' The Madrid paper that wrote "It
will not be a surprise to our readers
t know that the President of the
United States, one Wilhelm Magin
ly, is a native Chinaman, having
been born at Canton," is still fur
nishing all the news all the time to
its intelligent subscribers. Nash
When your fellow-men fail to take
you at your own estimate it will be
well for you to inquire whether you
have not rated yourself too high.
The people need not be alarmed at
the number of Morro Castles in
Cuba. The word "morro" means pro
montory, and wherever the entrance
to a harbor has on either side a con
spicuous eminence, the principal
'oitilh'Htion there is called Morro.
There is a Morro Castle at Santiago
de Cuba and it now seems that it will
be the first of the name to crumble
before American guns. -Nashville
Congress is getting ready, to sit all
summer if the war lasts that long.
This adds another powerful reason
for the vigorous prosecution of hos
tilities. St. Louis Republic.
HKWARU OF OINTMENTS FOK CA
TAI1IC li Til T CONTAIN MEKCVKV,
as mercury will surely destroy the sense of
smell and completely derange the whole
system when enierlnK it through the
mucous surface. Such art leles should never
le used except on prescript ions from repu
table physicians, as the damage, they will
do is ten fold to t he good you can possibly
derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure,
manfactured by F. J. Cheny t Co , Toledo,
O., contains no 'mercury, and is taken In
ternally, actingdlreetly upon the bloodaml
tunc us surfaces of the' system. In buying
Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get the
genuine. It is taken Internally, and made
in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Tes
Sold by bruggist, price 7."c. per bottle.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Jan 17 8y lm
In a street duel at Murfreesboro
last Saturday between Tom MeUin
and W. L. Jernigan, both partici
pants were dangerously wounded.
In a railroad collision near Galla
tin last Friday, both engines were
demolished, fourteen cars converted
into kindling wood and several head
of live stock killed. Several persons
were hurt but no one was killed.
A bad wreck occurred Monday
morning on the L. & N. road
near Klizabethtown, Ky. John
Hanley, a brakeman, was killed,
.ind several others were severely in
jured. L'ist Saturday one of the soldiers
at Chickamauga insulted a young
lady on one of the-prominent streets
in Chattanooga. The young lady,
who was in a buggy at the time,
took the whip and gave the tough a
number of stinging blows across the
face. The soldier (?) sneaked away
amid the jeers of the crowd, and lie
will probably not insult a lady again
Sam Aldrich, a young man about
twenty years of age, was accidently
shot and killed by one of his com
panions while out squirrel hunting
in the northwestern portion of Mar
shall county last week.
A (ireat Opportunity!
Wo give away, absolutely free of
cost, for a limited time only, The Peo
ple's Common Sense Medical Adviser,
by II. V. Pierce, M. I)., Chief Consulting
Physician to the Invalids' Hotel and
Surgical Institute, a 1 k of 1008 large
pages, profusely illustrated, bound in
strong paper covers, to any one sending
21 cents in one-cent stamps, to cover
cost of mailing only. Over (i(),0oo
copies of the cotnoletb family Doctor
Hook already sold in cloth binding at
regular price of $1.50. World's Dis
pensary Medical Association, Buffalo,
Columbia Lodge, No. 31, F. and A.
M., will have a stated meeting next
Thursday night, June 2, a 8 o'clock,
in the Masonic Temple.
Valuable to Women.
Especially valuable to women is Browns'
iron Hitters. Backache vanishes, headache
lisuppesirs, strength t:ikes the place of
weakness, and the glow of health readily
conies to the pallid cheek when this won
derful remedy is taken. For sickly children
or overworked men it lias no equal. No home
should be without this famous remedy.
Urowlis'lron Hitters is sold by all dealers.
Hv virtue of a mortgace or deed of
trust executed to me by S. J. Hayes,
colored, on the 17th day of March, issiT,
I will, on
Mt )NI)AY, JUXK 20, lS'H,
offer for sale for cash, at the court-house
door in the city of Columbia, free from
the rights and equities of redemption,
to satisfy the debt, costs and accrued
interest, set forth in said, trust, the fol
lnwing piece of real estate situated in
Maury County, Tennesse, and in the
Second Ward' of the city of Columbia,
on what is known as Kast Hill, and
bounded and described as follows:
Fronting the street 41 feet and runs
back between parallel lines 14.5 feet aud
is bounded on the North by the proper
ty of Bettie Marshall, on the Kast bv
Henry A. stronir, on the South by a 10
foot alley that divides said lot from the
property of Mrs. J. B. Woodside and
West by street. Thi -iith day of May,
1W. 1WRALKK KITTHKLL,
may 'JO it Trustee.
Large package of the world's best cleanser
for a nickel, still greater economy in 4-pound
package. All grocers. Mude only by
THE W. K. FAIRBANK COMPANY,
Chicago. St. Louis, Nejv Vort. Boeton, Philadelphia.
Vegetable Prcparatioafor As
tiiig ihe Stomachs and Bowels of
ncss andRest.Contains neither
Opium,Morphine nor Mineral
Utafie of Old ErSAMlTLPlKHER
flonfud A far .
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoca,
Worms .Convulsions .Feverish
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
EXACT COPY OF WRAPPEB.
PAID IN CAPITAL,
We solicit the accounts of Farmers, Merchants aud others, and guarantee as libera)
treatment as Is consistent with safe business principles.
J. P. STREET, JNO. W. FKIEKSON, Jr., J. L. HUTTOH,
Janl President. Vice-President. Caihler,
Strictly a Banking Business.
J. E. Bkowhlow.
J. W. FRY,
"We sollolt deposits, no matter how small, and promise courteous attention t.n onr
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK,
(-Accounts of farmers, merchants and others solicited.
GbwKUK T. HUGHES. ROBERT C. CHURCH,
Janl President. Vloe-Presldent.
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
HOUGH and DRESSED LUMBER
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings,
WOOD delivered to all parts of the city.
LFPIONe'no? 16a.n1 lumber wanted- Ca "d see as before buying Uewhere.
Colamliia Planing Mill anil rnrnitnrejactory. Established in 1867.
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb 4 Smith) Manufacturer of and Dealer In
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BLINDS AND MOULDINGS.
Orders from dealers solicited and promptly attended to. Turnine and Scrdl
hawing of every variety. Starr Railing, Balusters, Newell Posts.
I have always on hand a large stock of Walnut and Dressed Lumber, Glazed
fcasL, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will sell on the most advantageous terms.
A full snpplyf Brick always on hand.
- VjFRANK H. SMITH, colcmbu rm
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
THI eiNTkUK COMMNV, NEW VORK CITY.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS t
J. P. WTREKT.
JOHN W. KRIER80N, JB.
JOHN A. OAK EH.
JOHN D. DOKBIN8.
.1 I-. HUTTON.
W. T. IRVINE.
D. F. W ATKINS.
J. P. BROWKLOW
J. F. Bkowhlow,
J. fl Rwi.
J. J. Flemish1
T. J. Rka.
J. P. BROWNLOW, J. F. BROWNI.OW,
BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
G. T. Htnthee.
TI. L. Martin.
W. W. Joyce.
R. C. Church
A. F. Brown.
A. B. Rains.
W. M. Cheairs.
W. P. Ridley.
R. W. McLeinore, Jr,
John W. Cecil.
C. A. PARKED,
and Dealers In