Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA lIEKA.Li: F1UDAY, JUNE 17, I.
SHOO FLY I SHOO FLY !
Don't bother me ! Well, if you buy your Screen Doors,
Windows, and Screen Wire Cloth from us you won't have any
"flics on you." Don't keep flies off, but keeps them out. We
keep all the standard size doors from 2 ft. G in. by 6 ft. 6 in., to
3 ft. by 7 ft., also screen sash to fit any windows.
REFRIGERATORS. There Is no luxury equal to a good refrige
rator. We have them from $10.00 to $20.00.
Citizens' Telepnouc 73.
Agricultural and Live
Thousands of tons of valuable rub
bish are annually wasted because
farmers do not generally appreciate
the value of mulch. The tops of
f lants and trees want air and sun
ght, but the roots need shade arid
Barley is gaining friends as a
"general purpose" crop. It is a
good shelter crop when seeding
down to grass, makes good hay as It
begins to head, is tt, relish for the
dairy cows.lt supplies short pastures,
and the matured grain comes in
early for fattening pork.
Timothy is not well adapted for
permanent pastures; blue grass is
better wherever the situation favors
Its growth. If the latter does not
succeed well, a mixture makes a
thicker bed than any one kind only.
When to be stored in the silo, clo
ver will not require much expensive
machinery nor much cost In hand
ling; the mower can be put in as
soon as the dew is off, and the pro
duct transferred to the silo as soon
as gathered up. This makes one
independent of the weather, for
there is no curing to be done.
If the 8hubbery is protected, turn
a few sheep Into the dooryard occa
sionally, for their services will equal
that of the best lawn mowers. They
will not neglect the corners, and
weeds and sprouts will be effectually
We should learn a lesson when we
see the gardener pressing the earth
firmly about his plants as he sets
them out. The roots need support
and need to be defended from ex-
Eosure. Fall sown grain would be
eneflted by rolling as soon as the
soil is dry enough in the spring, in
order that the earth may be presed
firmly back to the roots which may
have been broken or thrown out bj
the action of the frost.
Either deep plowing or high fer
tilizing is now the chief work of the
tiller of the soil. Mother earth is
becoming more and more "hard
ened" and will not "laugh" any
more when her surface is "tickled."
Her treasures lie deep, and to them
we must make the plow run. There
is still poetry in agriculture, but
sentimental farming will not make
the old boII responsive.
Theauick Krowinjr kinds of tur
nips, sown late in the autumn, are
verv succulent, but they do not
have the nutritive qualities which
belong to the Rutabaga family, or
even the white turnip, ir sown ear
A bean crop leaves the ground
loose and dry, and robbed of mineral
matter. If it is planned to follow
with wheat, give it a top dressing
with phosphates, and then till with
Time was when we planted
our potatoes In ridges. Verily,
opposites follow each other. In
some regions they now make ridges
like those made for sweet potatoes,
and in the valleys plant the pota
toes. There are no sunburnt pota
toes, of course, and the cultivator
but tumbles tne weeds down into
the ditches. The finer roots are
never disturbed by the plow.
If potatoes can be mulched the
mulch will hold moisture and save
work ; but do not mulch with straw
if the land is heavy and wet; on
suitable ground the plan is a most
(Special crops mean special care
and expense for special fertilizers.
Consider well the outlay in all
things when figuring on the profits.
One of the chief objections to
special farming is that the soil soon
becomes robbed of certain elements,
whereas it may be in good condition
to produce other crops.
It is well to know that the high
est priced foods return the most
value to the soil that is, it is well
to know it if you are prepared to
care for the manure; but it it is to
be leached before it is put where it
is needed, of course there is no
profit in such knowledge.
The stock raiser manufactures his
own products, and with less labor
than he can dispose of them in any
other way. No question but that
there is more profit in more grass
and more and better cattle than in
keeping the fields so constantly un
der the pkw.
Unfortunately our first planting of
BICYCLES. We are agents for the Ops
cent wheels. None better at any price. Jiicy
cle sundries. Wheels repaired on short notice.
ICE CREAM FREEZERS, ifyou
whiH the best made, buy a Gein Freezer. We
sell the White Mountain Freezer. 8ee our pri
ces, they are money-savers.
BABY CARRIAGES. Prices from $4.G(
to $15.00. Rubber tires and foot brakes. New
est colors in upholstery and parasols.
Do)ft forget toe are the -people that
make the lowest -prices on Crockery,
and Tinware. And ive sell
corn sometimes meets with disaster.
Remember Mime good varieties of
sweet corn will mature and 'ipn in
90 days, and may he cut and fed
whole with proflc. In any event, an
excellent crop of fodder may be pro
cured. If you are a butter maker
this will prove a most valuable
addition to your stores.
Wild rice will grow on almost any
wet or water covered land, in a suit
able climate. It must be resown
every fall, as it is an annual. Scat
ter it over your fish ponds, for it will
grow and make valuable food for
your domestic fowls, to say nothing
or attracting those of the wild varie
ties. Grown in marshes or along
the shore of streams, it makes good
hay lor any stock, whether green or
In raising a crop about an equal
proportion of the result depends up
on the soil, the seed and the care;
but each one of these must be at its
best to get full advantage of the
others. If there is any fault with
either, more than its proportion of
the crop is likely to fall short.
Do not neglect your tools because
of your concern lest the manufact
urer may not get rich fast enough.
Let your special concern, in this
case, be for number one.
Beparate the younger from the
older stock when feeding. The
natural consequence of promiscuous
herding is that the largest and
strongest take their choice, and
leave the refuse to be eaten by the
weaker, whereas the best should be
given to the poorest in order to hlp
them to a condition of thrift and
Hheep need to be cared for in a
different manner from most other
farm stock, and there is more knack
than luck in keeping them in good
condition through the winter. The
most important point in successful
winter management of the Hock is
to begin with strong and healthy
animals. Weed out closely. It U
true of all poor stock that it is never
profitable, and it is especially true
Stock raising is a positively nnces
sary adjunct to general, agriculture,
and farmers are coming to their
senses in regard to the fact. There
is no doubt about it, that man who
attempts to carry on a general grain
farm or one devoted to cotton will
find himself running behind from
year to year if he does not also keep
A plant or animal must be full fed.
After the supply for the constant
natural waste of the system and that
demanded for the maintaining of
heat and vitality has been met, and
not until then, surplus production
becomes possible. Of course, the
latter object is best gained by the
careful feeder who understands
what constitutes a proper and a well
A small sheep which is fat will
sell for more than a larger one which
is thin. Whatever we have to sell,
let us present some inducement to
When a farmer's stock seems to be
all of one mold, and that a good one,
there are dealers ready to take them
as a lot, and at the owner's price. A
first class animal is sure to brini? a
good figure, but he who has all first
class animals usually obtains the top
of the market.
Ot course, our future income and
profit are to come from our present
younger animals, and the foundation
for their growth and development is
in their present care. It we leave
them to shift for themselves they
will bring disappointment only.
There are two bad practices which
interfere wonderfully with the prof
itsdo not breed immature animals,
and do not continue to feed any of
your 6tock after it is ready for the
hambles. These are both good
things to quit doing.
The present "no fence" laws of
most States have been real hardship.
It is always scrub stock which is
most difficult to restrain, and one
benefit from this law is that it speed
ily lessens the amount of this sort of
stock in the territory where the law
U in operation ; and as the greatest
irood to the jtreatest number is what
should always be aimed at, the jus-
ZZ- CRESCENT. x "
tlce of the law can easily be seen.
If the pastures are not going to
hold out. see to it in tlm that u am
is plowed and some early seed corn
sown The best corn for lat aruv.
ini; is one of the earlier sorts nf awaat
corn, as thev irrow vp.rv mnMlir omH
soon come on and make excellent
green fodder. Millet, on a finely
prepared bed. will make a heavy
crop, to be fed green or cured for
hay. The great trouble is that we
are usually behind hand with our
foresight! Our soiling crops are not
ready when needed.
It is said that buyers, in the Eng
lish market, pay two or three dollars
more a head for dehorned cattle. h-
cause of the belief that thev will nut
on flesh more rapidly with'less food.
this prime condition is more eislly
obtained because the animal is now
Inclined to keen more quiet and thi
change iu disposition also enables it
to he handled with greater ease,
economy and safety.
Drouths are very certain to come
sometimes during the season, and a
scant pasture interferes sadly with
the milk yield from a herd of cows,
and with the profit. Th dairyman
who does not early in the year pro
vide for a soiling crop is not a wise
one. Have a field ready from which
you may cut green food, and avert
the evil result of dry weather.
A gallon of milk manes about three
pounds of condensed milk. The
trade for this is rapidly growing,
but as yet the factories are so few
that the business is practically a
monopoly. It might be more pro
fitable to the producers if some of
our creameries were turned into co
operative condensed wilk factories.
If it could be the fixed habit for
the next ten years for farmers and
dairymen to discharge gradually the
poorer class of milkers, it would
bring about a decided improvement
in the milking qualities of the cows,
and would create ademaud for merit.
Good cows have supported the
larger number of poor ones loug
The cows suffer more from flies
and insects in summer than tbey do
from cold in winter. While stand
ing in the ponds thev are idling
time, and the milk suffers in quan
tity. House them, cover them, if
need be, and then turn them to pas
ture after night, when the insect
hordes are uot abroad.
On light soil, with little manure,
the earliest tomatoes will be ob
tained. The crop will not be large,
and will be soon over, but the prices
obtained will overbalance the defi
ciency. It is claimed that fruit will ripen
earlier on trees which have been
sprayed, for the reason that the
leaves have not been killed. The
foliage, remaining green and
belthy, materially assists the de
velopment of the fruit.
Many garden crops fail because
the seed is sown when the ground is
too wet and cold. Toavoid this, and
iO have a desirable succession of
crops, plant a part of the plat at a
time. Radishes can be planted
every month until September; peas
Prune and mulch the grape vines
every year, or the bunches they pro
duce will soon be both fewand small.
The vines will become diseased and
fail you altogether. If you have but
two or three vines, just for family
use and ornamentation, do not neg
Any heedful person has noticed
that the blackest grapes are those
which are the most shaded by the
foilago of the vines ; and no doubt
the thick foilage was designed as a
protection from the sun in order to
give them an opportunit- to attain
the best development.
While there are 250 varieties of
plants cultivated for food, the wes
tern continent possesses many wild
species worthy of culture and im
provement. Discovery is easier
than the overcoming of prejudice.
Professor Bailey has said that more
edible fruits and kitchen vegetables
are still unknown to cultivation than
are now grown by man.
S. E. Parker, Sharon, Wis., writes;
"I have tried lieWitt's Witch Hazel
Sulve for itching piles and it always
stops them in two minutes. I consider
DeA'itt's Witch Hazel talve the ureai
est pile cure on the market.'' A. B. Rain.
Saxonry the lHln-st Krtte Pel 100,-
OOO nuil Spain the LnweHt.
I view of recent comments on the
real or imagim d increase of suicides
some statistics will be worth ex
amination. The average annual suicide rate
per 100,000 population in various
countries is: Saxony, 81.1; Den
mark, 25.8; Austria, 21.2; Switzer
land, 20.2; France, 15.7; German
Empire, 113; Hanover, 14 0; Queens
land, 13.5; Prussia, 13.3; Victoria,
11.5; New South Wales, 9.3; Bavaria.
0.1; New Zealand, 90; South Aus
tralia, 8 9; Sweden, 8 1; Norway.
7.5; Belgium, 6.9; England and
Wales, 6.9; Tasmania, 68; Hungary,
5.2; Scotland, 4.0; Italy, 3.7; Nether
lands, 3.6; United States, 3.5; Russia,
2 9; Ireland, 1.7, and Spain, 1.4.
The average per 100,000 population
is mu:h greater in the cities than in
town and country life. For in
stance, in Dresden it is 51.0; Paris,
42.0; Berlin, 36.0; Genoa, 31; Stock
holm, 27; Christiania, 25; Lyons,
29; Vienna, 28; London, 23; Brussels,
15; Moscow, 11 ; Geneva, 11; Rome,
8; St. Petersburg, 7; Milan, 6; Con
stantinople, 12; Madrid, 3, and Lis
The causes leading to suicide have
been variously assigned, but the fol
lowing based on actual reports per
100 cases may be regarded as re
liable: In European countries the
record shows that 19 per cent was
due to vice and crime; 18 per cent
to madness and delirium; 14 per
cent to loss of intellect; 11 per cent
to alcoholism; 6 per cent to moral
sufferings; 4 per cent to family mat
ters; 4 per cent to poverty and want;
3 per cent to consequences of crime;
2 per cent to disease, and 19 per cent
to unknown causes. In the United
States, the causes run about the
same, except that insanity leads the
list. It is also shown that double
the number of suicides are commit
ted during the daytime, and that
June is the favorite month, and the
11th the favorite day.
Twelve Business Maxims.
The President of the London
Chamber of Commerce gives twelve
maxims which he has tested through
years of business experience, and
which he. recommends as tending to
1. Have a definite aim.
2. Go straight for it.
3. Master all details.
4. Always know more than you
are expected to knw.
5 Remember that difficulties are
only made to overcome.
6 Treat fa ilures as stepping-stones
to further effort.
7. Never put your hand out further
than you can draw it back .
8. At times be bold; always
9. The minorPy often beats the
majority in the end.
10. Make good use of other men's
11. Listen well; answer cautiously;
12. Preserve, by all means in
your power "a sound mind in a
CUBAN OIL cures
Cuts, Burns, Bruiseg, Rheu
matism and Sores. Price, 25 cents.
Sold by A. A. KAlNS, Columbia, Tenn.
A Nashville Darkey's Response.
This good story is told of Charles
Dudley Warner, who hasn't yet de
nied it: When he was a guest some
time ago at an old-time Southern
home near Nashville, e expressed
a desire to see a real, typical negro.
So tli most loquacious old "aunty"
was brought hi. To the surprise of
every one she would not say a word
heyo'nd "Yes, sah," or "No, sah."
After the departure of the dis
tinguished guest she was asked the
reason of her silence. With as
much dignity and scorn as a irrande
dame, "Aunty" replied: "Ugh! I
wa'n t gwine talK to dat Yankee. I
knowed him soon as I seed him.
He's de very one dat stole misf'sa's
silver du'in' de wan."' New York
The workmen often eats his lunch on
the same bench where he does his
work. The ollice man turns his desk
into a dining-table. Neither gets the
out of doors exercise he needs, neither
takes the proper time for eating. It is
small wonder that the digestion of both
gets out of order. In such cases Dr.
Pierce's Pleasant Pellets come to their
assistance by aiding nature in taking
care of the food.
The cause of nine-tenths of the sick
ness of the world is constipation. From
this one cause come indigestion: disor
ders of the stomach, liver and kidneys;
iili luusiicPBi iicnuauiicn, iia,uicuvci
heartburn, impurity of the blood and
the serious complications that follow,
To begin with, constipation is a little
thing, and a little thing will cure it.
The "Pleasant Pellets" are tiny, sugar
coated granules. They will perfectly
cure the worst ease of constipation and
indigestion. If the druggist tries to
sell you some other pill that pays him
greater prollt. Just think of what will
best pay you.
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon
Nichols and R. Holding.
'Country Produce .
Sorghum, from wagon 20
Butler J 10(0 16
Wool 5 25
(iinseng 2 002 26
Chickens 15 20
Shoulders 5V4 6
Clear siues ((?
Hams. i "!& 8
Crimson Clover 3 60
Blue Grass 1 2581 50
Orchard Grass t 50
Timothy 1 N5
Red Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat f-$ 70
Corn 3(K 35
Hay Clover, from wagon.... 50(0 ;0
Timoth? .lrom wagon 50(4 65
Lard, from wagon 54
Flour, per bbl 4 7S&5 5U
NutMr. granuiatea .v.Kjo
Meai. 'roui mill 4a 45
AN OPEN LETTER
WE ARE ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR RIGHT TO
THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD "CASTORIA," AND
PITCHER'S CASTORIA," AS OUR TRADEMARK.
J, DR. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was the originator of "CASTORIA," the same that
has borne and does now bear on every
the fac-simile signature of Q!al&J&te wrapper.
This is the original "CASTO Rl A" which has been used in
the homes of the Mothers of America for over thirty years.
LOOK CAREFULLY at the wrapper and see that it is
the kind you have always bought r on the
and has the signature of OuiffiA&&u wrap
per. No one has authority from me to use my name except
The Centaur Company, of which Chas. H. Fletcher is President
Do Not Be Deceived.
Do not endanger the life of your child by accepting"
a cheap substitute which some druggist may offer you
(because he makes a few more pennies on it), the in
gredients of which even he does not know.
"The Kind You Have Always Bought"
BEARS THE SIGNATURE OF
Insist on Having
The End That Never Med You.
TMt OKNTAUR OOMMHV, TT MUHHAV STREET, HEW TO UK CITT,
THE PHOENIX .. BANK,
PAID IN CAPITAL,
Weiolioittbe account of Karmen, Merchants and others, and guarantee ai liberal
treatment as In consistent with safe business Drlnoinles.
J. P. STREET, JNO. W. ITKIEKHON, Jr., J. HUTTON,
Strictly a Banking Business.
Bith ai. Howard,
J. E. Bkownlow.
J. W. FRY,
We solloit deposits, no matter how
The MAURY NATIONAL BANK,
Accounts of farmers, merchants and
OtuKUK T. UlIUHES, KOBKKT
HARRIS & COLE BROTHERS,
ROUGH and DUESSED T.TITVr'R'RT?.
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Also Sash, Doors, Blinds and Mouldings,
WOOD delivered to all parts of the city
XELFP&ON BNof 16? lamtM wanUKl- C,U and fore buyin g hewhart.
Colnmtiia Planing; Mill and FnmtnreFactory. Established in 1867,
FRANK H. SMITH,
(Successor to Lamb A Smith) Manufacturer of and DeBler in
FURNITURE, SASH, DOORS, BUNDS AND MOULDINGS.
rde" Kff NWlr SCrU
I have always on hand a large stock of Walnut and Pressed Lumber r;izA
SasL, Doors, Blinds, Etc., which I will sell on the mo.t lTWta Jwurtora "
A full supplj'of Brick always on hand.
-FRANK H. SMITH, co,.. ,.
BOARD OF DIRECTOR8)
J. P. STREET.
JOHN W. FRIERSON, Ja.
JOHN A. OAK KH.
JOHN I). DOBBINS.
J. L. HUTTON.
W. B. rtREKNLAW
D. F. W ATKINS.
J. P. Bkownlow. J, J. FLBMISS
J. F. Bbowhlow. T. J. RA.
J. P. BROWNLOW, J. F. BROWN LOW,
small, and promise courteous attention to onr
"W. M. Cheair.
W. P. Ridley.
R. W. McLemore, Ji
John W. Cecil.
G. T, TnirheB.
U. It. Martin.
W. vV. Joyce,
R. C. Church
A. P. Brown.
A. B. Rains.
C. A. PARKER,
and Dealers In