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COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, JULY 8, 1P98.
NEWS AND COMMENT.
WAR fiEWS SUMMARY.
Friday, July 1.
Admiral Camars, who has been at
Tort Said, was given his orders to
leave by the Egyptian government.
Capt. Argudin and Lieut. Velas
quez, of the Spanish army, are re
ported Dy tne (Juban Junta to be at
Vera Cruz, Mex., endeavoring to or
ganize an expedition to raid towns
along the Texas border. They are
also said to be arranging for the es
taDiisnmeni 01 a secret Dase ol sup
plies at Vera Cruz.
Clara Barton, president of the Red
Cro6? Society, cabled from Santiago
to send nurses and physicians to that
place at once.
In compliance with a request from
Gen. Shatter, the army hospital ship
Belief, with a surgical corps aboard,
left New York for Santiago.
At 8:30 a. m. Gen. Shafter sent a
message to the commander of the
Spanish forces at Santiago, stating
that unless he surrendered he would
begin to shell the city ut 10 o'clock
Monday. The Spanish Admiral re
plied, stating that he would not sur
render. At the request of the for
eign consuls in the city, Gen. Shaf
ter sent notice that he would delay
beginning the bombardment until
Tuesday at noon, in order to permit
the removal of non-combatants from
The President sent to the Renate
the nomination of Capt. Wm, T
Sampson, to be Commodoie, and
Commodore Frederick V. McNair,
to be Rear Admiral.
The navv department received a
cablegram from Commodore Wat
son similar to the one from Admiral
Sampson, but containing the addi
tional informaton that during the
engagement between the fleets of
Sampson and Cevera ."J."0 Spaniards
were killed or drowned, 160 wound
ed and 1,000 captured.
Information was received at
Washington that Admiral Camara
had finished coaling and was mak
ing preparations to enter the Suez
canal. Orders were issued to hasten
the departure of Commodore Wat
The first statement from the
Spanish Commander, Admiral Cer
vera, concerning his suicidal move
in rushing his fleet out of Santiago
harbor Sunday, was made to an
Associated Press correspondent on
the battleship Iowa. The captive
Admiral said: "I would rather
lose my ships at sea, like a sailor,
than in a harbor. It was the only
thing left for me to do."
Tuesday at noon was the time set
for the bombardment of Santiago,
but, on account of the arrival of
P.pn. Pnndo with about 6.000 rein
forcements for the Spaniards, this
action was postponed by Gen. Shaf
ter, as he did not wish to make the
assault on the city with the forces
ho then had available. Gen.Pando's
reinforcements increased the forces
defending the city to about 18,000.
This made the effective fighting
strength of the Spaniards from a
third to a half greater than the
Americans. Gen. Shafter, in his
dispatches, states that the excessive
heat and rains for the last two
weeks have contributed nearly as
much as the Spanish bullets to the
ineffectiveness of our army.
Gov. Taylor's conspicuous ab
sence from the Chattanooga pow
wow created considerable comment
at Knoxville. In speakinir of the
matter, Gov. Taylor said to a Jour
nal-Tribune reporter: "lam out of
politics for good, and am not a can
didate for anything except a private
citizen. My chances for this place
are very flattering and I think that
when my term as Governor expires
I will be elected by a large major!
Inspired by the brilliant triumph
of the American fleet at Santiago,
the people of the United States Mou
day celebrated the Fourth of July
with far more than their usual en
thnsiftsm. Some Southern cities
which had not celebrated the day
in many years weie alive with pa
The eighth annual Confederate re
union will be held at Atlanta. Ga.,
on July 20. 21, 22 and 23. Reduced
rates of one cent per mile each way
have been made on all rairoads.
The second Annual Convention of
the National Good Citizens' League
will be held at Nashville, July 11-13.
DASH FOR LIBERTY.
Fled From Santiago Harbor into a Living Volcano Outside, and the
Destruction of His Fleet Was Swift and Complete.
FIVE SHIPS REDUCED
the Deadly Aim of the American Gunnery Cervera, Seventy O Ulcer and 1 ,000
Men Taken Trigone, 350 Killed and 1(10 Wounded Not an American Ship
Injured and Only One
Advances on Suntlago
WELCOME NEWS FROM DEWEY, TOO.
Washington, July 4. The Secretary of the Navy has received the
"Piaya, via Hayti, to Secretary of
3. The fleet under my command offers
present the destruction of the whole of Cervera's fleet. No one escaped.
"It attempted to escape at 9:30 a. m., and at 2 p. m. the last, the Cris
tobal Colon had run ashore, sixty miles west of Santiago and had let
down her colors.
"The Infanta Maria Teresa, Oquendo and Vizcaya were forced ashore,
burned and blown up within twenty miles of Santiago, the Furor and Plu
ton were destroyed within four miles of the port. Our loss is one killed
and two wounded. Enemy's loss probably several hundred from gun Are,
explosions and drowning.
"About 1,300 prisoners including Admiral Cervera. The man killed
was George Ellis, chief yoeinan of the Brooklyn. Oampson.
The Tresident's lteply.
Washington, July 4. The following message was sent to Admiral
Sampson to-day by the President:
"To Admiral Sampson, Piaya Del Este: lou have the gratitude and
congratulations of the whole American people. Convey to your noble
officers and crews, through whose valor new honors have been added to
the Americans, the grateful thanks
How the News Was Ueceierd at the Front.
Washington, July 4. The War Department has posted the follow
ing from Gen. Shafter:
"Piaya Del Este, July 4, 9:30 a. m.
near Santiago When the news of the disaster to the Spanish fleet reached
the front, which was during the truce, the regimental band that had man
aged to keep its instruments on the line played "The Star Spangled Ban
ner" and "There'll Be a Hot Time
cheering from one end of the line to the other. Officers and men, without
even shelter tents, have been soaking for five days in the afternoon rains,
but all are happy.
Wood News From Dewey, Too.
Washington, July 4. Admiral Dewey's telegram to the Navy De
partment is given out as follows:
"Hong Kong, July 4. Cavite,
Charleston arrived yesterday. The
Islands, on June 21. No resistance.
garrison six officers and fifty-four
Spanish Jgun vessel Ley te came out of the river near Manila and surrendered
to me, having exhausted ammunition and food in repelling attacks by in
surgents. She had on board fifty-two officers and ninety-four men, naval
and military. Dewey."
THE GLOKIOl'S DETAILS.
How the Spanli.li Fleet Met Their Terri
The details of Sampson's glorious
victory over Cevera last Sunday, as
given in the press dispatches, are as
Cervera, after making as plucky a
fight against overwhelming odds as
is recorded in naval history, was
compelled to surrender. He was
taken as a prisoner of war, together
with every man in his fleet not
drowned or kHled iu the action.
The Spanish Admiral was wounded
in one of his arms, his slendid ships,
the Cristobal Colon, flagship; the
Viscaya, the Almlrante Oquendo
and the Infanta Maria Teresa, and
the torpedo boat destroyers Furor
and Pluton, lie on the Cuban rocks,
shell-ridden, smoking hulks.
Cervera, on the Colon, made the
longest run toward liberty. He
yielded to fate only in the face of
death, and is a prisoner now on the
Gloucester, which, before the war, I
was J. Pierpout Morgan's yacht Cor
sair. Of the prisoners more than four
hundred of the crew of the Viscaya
were taken by the Iowa, Capt.
Evnns. Every vessel iu Admiral
Hampson's fleet went through the
fierce engagement without injury.
After two days of fighting the
armies of both nations were resting
in their trenches. Admiral Samp
son had left the fleet, desiring to as
certain the exact condition of the
Spanish coast defenses about Agua
dores. Sudden as a flash, at half-past 9
o'clock, a ship appeared near the
entrance to the harbor. She was
throwing out great black clouds of
smoke, and was pointing straight to
ward the American fleet. In a few
moments it was seen that the vessel
was th" Cristobal Colon, Admiral
Cervera's flagship. She had passed
Hie wreck of the Merritnac and was
making for the sea at a full speed.
. Before Commodore Schley and his
men could recover from their sur
prise other cloudsof smoke came Into
TO BURNING HULKS
American Wan Killed Shatter
and Gains a Victory.
the Navy, 3:15 a. m., Siboney, July
the nation as a Fourth of July
and appreciation of the nation.
Headquarters Fifth Army Corps,
in the Old Town To-night." Men
July 1. Three transports and the
Charleston cap:ured Guam, Ladrone
Brought Spanish officers from the
men to Manila. On June 29 the
view beyond the Cristobal Colon.
With a rush fully equal to that of the
Spanish flagship, the Almirante
Oquendo came throbbing toward th
open sea. Behind her came the Vis
caya, also at full speed, while the
rear was brought up by the Infanta
Maria Teresa and the two torpedo
boat destroyers the Furor and the
I can pay
SCHOOL TEflCHERS: Warrants issued prior to this date,
June 30th, excepting a small number
I will pay dollar-for-dollar on
County Warrants issued from
date (June 30th), on presentation at
"Cervera's trying to escape" was
the cry that resounded through the
fleet. Every American vessel quick
ly . weighed anchor. The engines
were started and one by one the
great American warships made
ready for battle.
Just as the Cristobal Colon was
poking her nose out into the open
sea Commodore Scli'ey sent the
Brooklyn madly rushing to the west
ward to head oil Cervera's flagship
He ordered the Massachusetts and
Oreiron to follow after, at the same
time ordering the Indiana, Iowa
and Texas to intercept the other
vessels of the escaping fleet. Then
began one of the greatest sea fights
The Cristobal Colon elided out of
the harbor and shot to the west
ward, lhe Indiana, which was
closest, headed straight in shore to
get close range, and the Spaniard
opened fire with an eleven inch
gun. The Indiana replied with her
13-inch guns, and a moment later
let go everything she could bring to
Just as the Iowa and Texas opened
fire on the doomed Admiral, the
Oquendo came into view and steam
ed swiftly westward into the smoke
and lighting where Cevera's flag
still flew. Cervera's flag was hid
den for a time, and he fled west
ward, his port broadside emitting
flashes and tongues of flame, which
marked his progress. For the next
livfl minutes he ran a gauntlet such
as no ship had ever ran in history,
and when his consorts were burning
and he surrended his ship, he still
had a itun or two capable of action.
The Indiana fell on the Oquendo,
paying no heed to the Morro battery,
whose gunners tried hard to pro
tect the cruiser as she moved to the
westward. The Iowa let Cervera
go on into the hands of the Oregon,
Massachusetts and Brooklyn, and
then turned with the Texas to pound
Another ship emerged from the
harbor. It was the Viscaya, com
ing at full speed, smoke curling
over her bow as she took her course
to the westward and brought her
bow cuns into play.
Behind her came the Infanta
Maria Teresa and Spain's two much
dreaded torpedo boat destroyers,
perhaps two-hundred yards apart
The Maria Teresa was received with
a terrific storm of shells. Smashed
and on Are she was beached close to
Three-ouarters of an hour after
the battle betran it was evident that
the Spanish had many guns disabled
and would have to surrender,
The Texas and the Massachusetts
joined the Iowa and the Indiana
The Oquendo and the Vizcaya hug-
ired the shore and steamed after
, Cervera to go with him to defeat
From the very first of the fighting
the little Gloucester was in the
thickest of it. At one time she was
pouring her six-pounder shells
against the entire Spanish fleet,
while the guns of Morro Castle were
making her their target. She fought
the Vizcaya and Oquendo as fierce
ly as if she were a battleship, and
when the last of the Spanish fleet--the
two destroyers appeared out of
the harhor.she accepted them as her
part of her contract and oegan pour
3g deadly volleys Into them.
At this time the New ork ap
peared. Then Morro thundered at
Sampson as he came within range,
but the Admiral never heeded, see
ing only iu the distance the dim
form of the Vizcaya and the Oquen
do hopelessly hemmed in by a circle
on presentation all School
districts 6 and 12. Bring them
along and get your money.
I have the cash to pay all outstanding
Road Warrants issued prior to this
date, (June 30), on each and every Road
District in the County. Do not discount
J. B. Granbery
of fire, and in the foreground the
Gloucester fighting two destroyers
at short range.
b Inaily. one destroyer drifted in'o
the surf, afire, a battered wreck, and
the other, on Are, too, was run
ashore to save the lives of those who
had escaped our shells.
At a quarter before 11 the izcaya
hoisted a white flag as the com
mander turned his boat ashore
to save the remnant of his men, and
simultaneously up went a flag of
white on the Oquendo, and down
came the flag of Spain. The hulk of
the latter could be seen ashore, her
guns silent and smoke rising in big,
Only one 6hip remained, and that
was the Admiral's flag ship, the
Colon. Cerveia was only struggling
because he wished to make his de
feat glorious in the eyes of the at
Cervera passed the bay in which
the Oquendo had Bought shelter and
held on a due westward course, close
to the land, but evidently nourish
ing the desperate hope that he
might break through the line and
reach free water.
At 11 :30 o'clock Cervera saw the
Oregon putting in shore ahead of
him to round him to. The Iowa
and Texas were already moving
down to close the gap, and the
Spanish flagship raked by the Ore
gon and the Brooklyn at from a
thousand to three thousand yards,
aided by the Texas at longer range.
Cervera turned in shore and ran
for the rocks where the surf was
breaking. He still replied with his
guns occasionally, and the Spanish
flag could still be discerned from
time to tune. Iu a few moments,
however, the guns were silent and
the flagship was aflame, and the
white flag took the place of the
Spanish colors. Cervera's ship was
Gen. Shafter llt-giir the At tuck on the
Spaniard at Santiago.
The attack at Santiago was begun
last Friday .moruing at 7 o'clock.
F'om three directions Maj.-Gen.
eshafter's forces advanced toward
the doomed city.
Both the American and Spanish
fleets joined in the battle. While
Admiral Sampson's men were re
ducing the recently emplaced bat
teries at Aguadores, Admiral Cer
vera's fleet was hurling shells in the
direction of the American and Cu
While Gen. Lawton and Gen.
Wheeler were attacking Caney, a
few miles northeast of Santiago,
Gen. Kent was advancing toward
Aguadores. Gen. Garcia, with his
Cuban troops, at the same time ap
proached Caney from the southeast,
and the other divisions of the
American army pressed toward
Santiago from the east, our forces
thus presenting a solid front from
the coast to Geu. Linares' northern
Before the fighting had been long
under way the American and Cuban
forces gained advanced ground.
Foot by foot the enemy was driven
back into the village.
It was evident after the first
hour's righting that Gen. Shalter
had accurately gauged the strength
of the enemy, and that he would be
able to dnve the Spaniards into
Santiago at his pleusure.
Two batteries of light artillery,
acting under orders from Shatter,
who went to the front at the head 01
the troop9, began the battle by at
At the commencement of the fight
Geu. "Joe" Wheeler was in the rear
sick, but about 11:30 he started on
the two-mile journey to the front iu
an ambulance. About half-way the
front he met a number of litters
bearing wounded. The veteran,
under protest by the surgeons, im
mediately orderud his horse, and,
after personally assisting the wound
ed into the ambulance, mounted
and rode onward, and, with a de
tachment of cavalry, joined Gen.
Lawton's s:en. The men burst into
frantic cheers, which followed the
general all along the line. By noon,
although very ill. Gen. Wheeler
had established headquarters at the
extreme front and center of the
When the day's battle was
brought to an end the Americans
had Caney in their possession and
had taken prisoners some 2.000. It
was estimated that fully LO00 Span
iards lost their lives. The Ameri
cans had gained another signal vic
tory over the Spaniards, although it
was dearly purchased.
SATI KUAVS FIRING.
Samnxnn'a and Shafter' Men Were
tl a 11 uteri by Friday' Battle.
Before Santiago de Cuba. Satur
day, July 2, 6 p. m Four batteries
of artillery began the day with bom
barding the San Juan quarter of
Santiago and the Spanish position
iu front of our right. After a quar
ter of an hour's shelling, Gen. Law
ton's troops, who had been rein
forced, pressed forward upon the
enemy's left flank, pouring iu an
exceedingly hot fire, which was
continued during the greater part of
Admiral Sampson's heavy guns
thundered all the forenoon, and the
American shells were distinctly
89en to explode with tremendous
force and loud detonations beyond
the San Juan Barracks, over which
numerous Red Cross flags were
The Spaniards kept up volley
firing for fully an hour, but the de
liberate spacing of our own shots
showed that our men, a usual, were
cool and effective in their work.
Later, Admiral Cervera's fleet in
the harbor succeeded in getting an
approximate range angle of our ad
vance on the left, and eeit in many
Royal makes the food pure,
wholesome and delicious.
ROVAL BAKIhQ fOWtlPR CO., NEW VORK.
heavy shell, which exploded in the
The impression appears to be well
founded that the Spanish losses,
especially in dead, will probably
amount to 3,(K)o killed and wounded.
The losse of the Spaniards are
much heavier than ours. In some
of the trenches the corpses lay in
unbroken lines, and occasionally
two or three deep.
There are many evidences of dis
loyal methods of warfare upon the
part of the Spaniards yesterday.
One of their batteries, masked by a
block-houe, over which the Ited
Cross flag was flying, on the road
leading from Gen. Shafter's quar
ters on the Rio Sevila, to the front,
has been for two days or more in
fested at various points by sharp
shooters, who fired deliberately upon
our wounded and upon our men
who are engaged. It was supposed
have stolen through our lineson the
right, taking refuge in the hospitals.
DEADLY AIM OF AM Kit I CANS.
I'.Unco Report One-Half of Linalrea'
For Of liar De Combat.
Madrid. July !?. Capt-Gen.
Blanco reports to the Government,
under date of July 1, as follows:
"At noon to-day enemy vigorous
ly attacked Santiago, and succeeded
in taking advance position oif Lotnas
and San Juan, after a vehement re
sistance, lasting three hours, on our
artillery, though half the troops
were placed hois de combat. Gen.
Linares was severely wounded in
the left arm, and relinquished his
command to Gen. Taral.
"The enemy in considerable force
attacked the village of EI Caney
this morning, but were repulsed by
Gen. Vara. The fight was resumed
this evening, and ended in El Caney
itself, after a vigorous resistance on
our part. Our lobses are heavy.
moors KKAcii Manila.
Delay W Due to
Honu KoN(, China, July 3. The
United States cruiser Charleston,
conveying the three transports bear
ing 2,500 soldiers, arrived at Ma
nila Thursday, June 30.
No news lias been received of the
American operations since their ar
rival. It is believed hue that by
this time the city of Manila has
been taken by tiie United States
The Island of Guajan, the largest
of the group of the Ladrone inlands,
belonging to Spain, was captured by
the Charleston and the transport
while on the way. It is believed a
small garrison was left there after
the Spanish force had been driven
oif or captured.
KKI'OItT FROM SHAFTF.R.
I.om.ex AjtKreKate l.OOO Gen. Wheeler
Taken Serluuxly III.
In a report to the officials at Wash
ington Sunday Gen. SJiafter said:
"Our lo-ses up to date will aggre
gate a thousand. The list has not
yet been made.
"But little sickness outside of ex
haustion from intense heat and ex
ertion of the battle of the day be
fore yesterday and the almost con
stant fire which is kept up on the
"The wagon road to the rear Is
kept up with some dilllculty on ac
count of rains, hut I will be able to
use it for the present.
"Gen. Wheeler is seriously ill, and
will probably have to go to the rear
to day. (Jen. Young is also very ill,
confined to his bed.
"Gen. Hawkins was slightly
wounded during sortie with the
(Continued to Fourth Page.)
I wm afflicted with a terrible breaking out.
I was treated by the very best physicians, who
pronounced it blood poison, but it pot won.
I was ufTrln untold ajrony,a:id finally had
to pive up work. Ci'tu-i ha Ui'medik wera
S'.vr'ested, which I Iminedialely procured.
From the first, Iexpericnued aeoothing relief,
Bo'r.i'.l;anHnrnvin''npain. I Improved
ri'ht a.cag till at lat tai eulircfy curtl, and
tj.I a slgnon mijhrtl'janyu htrc Indicating that
anything had ever been the matter with me.
M. I!. BASTIEX, l.VjV.lIiinter8t.,AtlanU,Ga.
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lit KOK. WITH J. OS or H ! Warm o.ttut with CD 1 1-
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lint ikin fitrr tnri mi ft 4nf ( rrici ba Kbiul
vibt. K1 of b,ooi parif-p snd ta"mor cum.
'd tH wnrMit th wnl. Pottf Dwro oCnrw.
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