Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, JULY 15, 1898.
SHOO FLY! SHOO FLY!
Don't bother me ! Well, if you buy your Screen Doors,
Windows, and Screen Wire Cloth from us you won't have any
"flies on you." Don't keep flies off, but keeps them out. We
keep all the standard size doors from 2 ft. 6 in. by 6 ft. 6 in., to
3 ft. by 7 ft., also screen sash to fit any windows.
REFRIGERATORS. There is no luxury equal to a good refrige
rator. We have them from $10.00 to $20.00.
Citizens' Telephone 73.
Dr. liil. P. Merrill,
Office over Dr. Williamson's office, Ga
NITROUS OXIDE GAS FOR PAINLESS EX
TRACTION OF TEETH.
Office Hours 8:00 a. m. to 5:30 p. m.
Dr. Jos. T. Meadors,
Garden Street, between 7th and 8th.
Columbia, : Tenn.
Telephone No. 72.
J. SHELBY COFFEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY.
Prompt attention given to all collec
tions. fV-Oftice with J. II. Fussell'
Whitthorne Block, Columbia, Tenn.
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer In
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Fine watoh and Jewelry
repairing a specialty.
Bethell Block, : COLUMBIA, TEN
Dr: W. M. BIDDLE,
Office: Corner High and Eighth Streets
Office hours: 8 to 103 to 4.
James A. Smiser,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
SOLICITOR in CHANCERY.
Ofllce: Front rooms In Masonic Temple
over Fitiuwrs & Mcbetnore's store.
N. B. I have moved from the Whitthorne
block; remember to call at my new quar
SPECIAL TERM CHANCERY COURT.
Notice is hereby given that a special
term of the Chancery Court will be held
at the Court-house in Columbia, Tenn.,
on Monday the 1st day of August, lsiiH,
for the purpose of confirming reports and
land sales, ana ior me uispatcn oi sucn
other business as may require auen
tion. Andrew J. Abf.bnathv,
J. A. -TI-TCOnjB,
New Fire Insurance Firm.
FRIERSON & TUCKER,
(Successors to Eugene Pillow.)
Representing the following companies:
.tin, (ifrmanla. Trader. North wrtern
Mutual. Commercial Union, of
Loudon. lllliiilurK llty.
See them before insuring your property.
RAILROAD TIME TABLE.
Louisvltl. and Nashville Division.
No. 2 leaves 6:85 p. m.
No. 4 leaves 6:ltt a. m.
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 6:46 p. m
No. " " leaves... 8:80 a. m
No. 8 (fast line) leaves 10:25.'a. a
No. 1 (fast line) leaves i.bb.h. m
No. 7 (Tuscumhla and Nashville
Accommodation) arrives 9:80 a. m
No. 6 (Pulaski Acco'n) leaves.... 7:uu p. m
Nashville and, FlorencpJDlvUlon.
No. 7 Accommodation, leaves.. . .10:28 a. m,
No 8 Florence Accommodation,
between Tuscumbla and
Nashville, arrives 6:8o p, n
Na.hTlllt, Chtlanoo(r St. I.ouU Railroad-
Uuck Klvtr Valley Division.
No. 1 leaves..
No. i leave!..
9:80 a. m
7:00 p. m
6:00 p. m
8:20 a. m
Close connection is made with throogr
train, on the Louisville and Nashville aaf
Great Konthern Railroad
Subscribe or the Herald.
BICYCLES. We are agents for the Cres
cent wheels. None better at any price. Bicy
cle sundries. Wheels repaired on short notice.
ICE CREAM FREEZERS. If you
Ben tne White Mountain freezer. tee our pri
ces, they are money-savers.
BABY CABBIAGES. Prices from $4.50
to $15,00. Rubber tires and foot brakes. New
est colors in upholstery and parasols.
Don't forget ive are the -people that
make the lowest prices on Crockery,
Stoves and Tinware. And ive sell fo?
Agricultural and Live
No farmer would think of paying
too high a rental for his neighbor's
field, but how many are tilling their
own land at a loss? Not one-half of
of them know just what they are
doing; they keep no accounts of re
ceipts and expenses. Every field
must bring a profit, or farming will
If we were to spend half the mon
ey in making shelters for our
manure plies that we have been
wont to lay out for commercial fer
tilizers, we should not only be the
richer for the saving, but the gainer
in having that which is of more
value. Nor do we realize fully what
things come under the head of
manures; but, then, there is so much
we might do that we do not.
The wild cherry will grow more
rapidly than the walnut, and is
freer from insects and borers. It
ranks next to mahogany in value,
and is certainly in the class with
walnut. It grows to great size and
height, and the young trees are
transplanted without much dif
ficulty. This timber question snouia
be a study for every farmer.
When Uermany and tne rest oi
Europe eet to liking our Indian
corn as well as we do, we shall have
to raise more, and that is all there is
about it, for now we seem to be able
to take care of all the corn we pro
duce, sending but about five per
cent, of it abroad in anyone year.
Farmers are not grumbling at the
fact that the agricultural experi
ment stations are costing each one
of them about. 25 cents a year ; these
useful institutions are expending
more than a million dollars an
Tobacco exhausts the land rapidly,
but increased fertilization should
be equal to the emergency and keep
the land vigorous for a continuous
succession of productions.
There are not many farms on
which windmills will not repay
their cost, and those who have them
wonder how they ever got along
without them. They water the
stock, grind the feed, irrigate
garden, and can bo harnessed to
many minor uses.
Without forethought you can
expect the beBt results from your
season's work. Each field of the
farm has some especial use for
which it is best fitted the coming
year. Consider the soil, the past
rotation and the needs of the pro
posed crop, and then you can go
ahead with safety.
Truly no man is so carelpss in his
business as the farmer. Profits go
to the winds when the stock stands
for a day in the rough elements;
they go to the ditches as the rains
soak through the manure piles; they
go to the rubbish pile when the eun
and the rain makes havoc with the
neglected wagons and implements;
they go into the mud when cattle
tramp the uncut fodder under foot;
they verily "go to the devil" when
theloaflugor drinking farmer lets
his fences go to rack and the cor
ners grow up with briars. In ad
dition, "what he might have had"
is but los9 to a farmer or any man.
Though he be never the possessor of
them, he may truly lose knowledge,
contentment, earthly peace and
We often yet see farmers who
have not left the old ruts. Their
unkept. unprofitable patches they
still call gardens; they run deep
furrows In the corn rows, and do
more harm than good; they raise no
berries ur other luxuries for the
table at home; their children go
about wholly unattractive, learning
little, caring nothing; they produce
little, have little, grumble always;
fortunately this condition of things
is giving way year by year.
Sheep will fill the bill better on
the rough, hilly farm, for it may not
be the place for the heavier breed or
cattle, the largest drart horses or
good hogs: but if you do not have
large beeves, fine dairy stock, heavy
draft horses and the best of hogs on
vour rich, level farm, you have no
"business with it.
Have the meals ror the stocK on
i time; Irregularity interieres witn
I secretion of milking dairy cows;
villi fattening, stock it interferes
with digestion, and consequently
with the laying on of fat: it makes
horses bad tempered and wear them
selves out, to say nothing of their
A man will look after good stock
more carefully than after a lot of
scrubs, every time. Good stock,
therefore, has an added value in
that it increases the owner's interest
in his possessions.
One may be busy and vet do noth
ing. It is certainlv waste time when
a farmer loses a half hour a dav
doing hi feeding because he lacks a
A good cistern, made with a filter,
and large enough to hold all the
water from the barn, will furnish
drink of the right temperature for
the stock, both summer and winter.
Even if it does not make much of
a show, a strand "f barbed wire on
top or the fence will often restrain
breechy or unruly cattle and horses
oetter man an additional board or
If oats straw is clean and bright it
manes good food for horses and
saves just so much hay. It is not
much more work to run the bundles
of oats through the hay cutter than
to tnrasn tnem.
In feeding stock, remember that
every crop fed on the farm has two
values its feeding value and its
manural value. The man who gives
no need to the second will find in
time that he has been neglecting tne
more important of the two.
The grade animal is bound to
breed your herd down instead of un
He has but little power to transmit
his finer qualities to his progeny
from whatever thoroughbred an
cestor he may have come. The
animal he begets will have his ap
pearance, style and qualities in
lesser degree than his own.
Keep a record of every animal
bred upon the farm. The date of
breeding being known, better at
tention is assured to the animal. If
you are grading up, the pedigree
becomes important with each pure
bred cross. This is a matter winch
does not exact much time nor
trouble, and is for this reason, per
Oil meal mixed with chopped hay
straw or rodder doubles Us value
It not only adds to its natura
properties, but. will also improve
the appetite, health and vigor of all
kinds of stock. It will show in
their appearance and in their move
ments. While the raising of stock will en
rich our 3oil and renew its produc
tiveness, it will market the farm
products better than to 8hip the
To get manure we must have cat
tle; to raise cattle we must have
grass; to grow the grass we must
have manure. Agriculture is one
If grain is fed to cows while on
pasture, let it be with the view of
making bone, muscle and strength.
8o far as its influence will be shown
upon milk and butter, it is very
doubtful if grain directly pays when
fed to milch cows which receive all
the fine grass they need. There is
no food which will take the place
of good, rich grass. The finest
grain mixture ever devised will not
answer so well.
The average farmer studies im
provement in all other lines before
he takes an interest in the business
of making butter; yet the dairy
brings a revenue which is always
cash, and almost continuous. Its
product has seldom to seek a buyer,
ana it exhibits a vitality in time of
depression greater than almost any
other product that the farmer sells.
There is no profit in unscientific
work in this progressive day. It
will be a safer plan to sell your cows
than to go ahead without a good
thermometer, a trustworthy tester,
or if vou are unwilling to school
your intelligence to the utmost
within your power. While your
pasture is good test your handsomest
cows, for they may not be paying
for their keeping. You may con
clude it wiser to let some one else
Four good Jerseys should bring
vou at least 2 pounds or butter a
week, worth, in most markets, 25
cents; and there will be market for
all your buttermilk. The skim milk
is worth cash to your poultry or
pigs. To kep these four cows a
week should cost $3.50. This leaves
a nice income for a skilled dairy
If you expect to preserve the
vigor of ynur fowls put new blood
into your flock every year.
i? nth is the bane of vour hennery.
Clean up the houses and yards fre
quently, and you will have but little
trouble from diseases.
Whether chicks are hatched un
der hens or in incubators, any dif-
feience which appear as they grow
up is due to feed and management.
it seems evident that many of the
diseases among fowls are due to the
lack of hard, sharp grit. When
they have bowel disorders change
the food for a few days, and change
It is better to have several Bails
drawing than to depend upon one
for financial navigation. Though
we find our hens paying better than
our cows, it would he unwise to sell
our cows and put all our money in
There la no easy road to success
in anything. We cannot begin even
poultry keeping with the vague no
tion that it is an easy way to make a
living, and that the hens do all the
work. There will be a failure. To
keep fowls free from disease and
vermin needs constant attention,
and a good deal of very dirty and
very disagreeable manual labor.
Charcoal for the hens can be pre
pared at home, out of corn. The
drier the corn the better it will char.
Put the ears in a baking pan in the
oven and let them remain until they
are burnt black and crisp. The
fowls will eat it greedily, and should
have it at least once a week. It I
especially good for overfed hens and
for chicks which have any tendency
to bowel troubles. Of course, for the
little ones it should be broken up be
fore feeding. Charcoal is one of the
"little essential"," and must not be
forgotten. We forget too many
things in raising poultry.
Plants taken to the cellar should
have air, lest the foilage decay and
breed fungi on the ripened wood.
Cut off the dry leaves and any de
caying matter there may be about
Four or five vigorous raspberry
canes in each hill are sufficient for
best results. Remove not only the
old canes, but the weak and unthrif
Try to have a perfect growth of
fruit rather than enormous crop;
then it is not at all unlikely that a
large crop will be obtained also
Thin too much rather than have
them too thick. To reach the high
est perfection they must not be over
crowded. If you have a bit of spare ground
plant a fruit tree there; after while
iw will produce something. Meantime
it is adding something to the value
of the farm.
From 25 to 50 large wagon loads of
manure to the acre each year are
none too much for the garden. To
stint a plot in this regard is to be
disappointed. Use all you can buy
Home farmers will tell us that they
consider their apple orchards the
best paving part of their farms. One
of the first things a buyer will ask is
whether or not the place is well
stocked with fruit. Is your orchard
old and not good for much? Would
you not be better starting one in a
new spot? Do you not regret that
you did not stari one five years ago?
we should not taKe it ior granted
that by crowding the ground we can
make up for bad culture. It is bet
ter to have plants thinned out too
much than to have them too thick.
T. F. Anthony, ex postmaster, of
Promise City, Iowa, says: "Ibojghtone
bottle of 'Mystic Cure' ior rheumatism
mirl i wn ririues of it. rlirl mfl morn iroori
than any medicine I ever took." Sold
by A ii. Rains, druggist, Columbia. 8m
DEATH PENALTIES OF THE WAR
Crimes Which May Bring Ingomlnlou.
"Martial law is a vague term to
the great body of our citizens; in
deed not one in a thousand of those
who have recently donned uniforms
and marched away to fight for their
country have any just conception of
what it means. INot only does the
soldier face death at the hands of
the enemy, but he stands in danger
of meeting it, attended with eternal
disgrace at the hands of his friend",
if he violates any one of several arti
cles of war. '
The impetuous volunteer, burning
with hatred of 8pain, who fails to
respect a nag or truce borne by an
approaching enemy, to whom it
vouchsafes protection, merits and
generally receives death. A court
martial has no discretion in the
matter. "Breaking a safeguard" is
regarded as one of the most serious
crimes known to military law.
bleeping on post" figures as rso
39 in the articles. Most young sol
diers are familiar with the provisions
of the law
Art. 21. "Strilling a superior offl
cer." According to the wording of
this statute it is open to a senior of
fleer to insult or humiliate a junio-
or for the junior officer to goad a
private to madness, but the latter
may not strike a blow on pain of
death. Following are a few of the
other offenses for which death is
Art. 22 Inciting a mutiny. "Any
officer or soldier who begins, incites
causes or joins in any mutiny or sedi
tion in any troop, battery, company
party, post, detachment or guard
shall suffer death or such other pen
alty as a court-martial may direct.'
Art., 41. Givingfalse alarms. "Any
officer who by any means wnatso
ever, occasions false alarms in camp
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bough
ft Tue f&viicrfc
v i -
f III ! II Mil
TUB W. K. FAIRBAWK
Chicago. St. iiouls. new xorg.
AN OPEN LETTER
WE ARE ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR EIGHT TO '
THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD "CASTORIA," AND
TITCHER'S CASTORIA," AS OUR TRADEMARK.
J, DR. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
was the originator of "CASTORIA," the same that
has borne and does now bear fr on every
the fac-simile signature of Ciyfzc&: wrapper.
This is the original "CASTORIA" which has been used in
the homes of the Mothers of America for over thirty years.
LOOK CAREFULLY at the wrapper and see thai it is
the kind you have always bought on the
and has the signature of &a&ffi&&J?tM wrap
per. No one has authority from me to use my name except
The Centaur Company, of which Chas. H. Fletcher is President.
Do Not Be Deceived.
Do not endanger the life of your child by accepting'
a cheap substitute which some druggist may offer you
(because he makes a few more pennies on it), the in
gredients of which even he does not know.
"The Kind You Have Always Bought"
BEARS THE SIGNATURE OF
Insist on Having
The Kind That Never Failed You.
TMI CINTAUH CO MP NT. TT MURRAY STRUT. New TOUR CITY.
garrison or quarters, shall suffer
death or such other punishment as a
court-martial may direct."
Art. 42. Misbehavior before the
enemy cowardice. " Any officer or
soldier who misbehaves himself be
fore the enemy, runs away or shame
fully abandons any fort, post or
guard, which he is commanded to
defend, or speaks words inducing
others to do the like, or cast away
his arms or ammunition, or quits
his post or colors to plunder or pil
lage, shall suffer death or such other
punishment as a court-martial may
As a matter of course the penalty
of death applies to simple desertions
as indicated in article 47. The offi
cers or soldiers who shall force t'ie
commander of a garrison to yield
the fortress in dishonor, will meet
a like penalty.
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon
Nichols and K. Holding.
Country Produce .
Sorghum, from wagon
Butter s loot
Ginseng 2 002 26
Chickens 15 20
Shoulders 5) 6
Clear sides ti'& 7
Crimson Clover 8 50
Blue Grass 1 2501 50
Orchard Grass I 50
Timothy 1 85
Red Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat 60a 65
0rn 30 35
Hay Clover, from wasron.... 60 0
Timothv ,from wagon 60 65
Lard, from wagon 5J 6
Flour, per bbl 4 50(35 25
snear, granulated 6 6
Coftpe 10(3 ?0
Meal.trom mill 4rfl 50
Xannie Moore, vs. Mary Lizzie Trous
dale, et. al.
Pursuant to a decree entered in the
above-styled cause in the County Court
of Maury Countv, Tennessee, on the
23d day of June, Iksw, I will sell on
Saturday, the 30th Day of July, 1808,
at public sale, to the highest and best
bidder, at the court-house, in the city of
Columbia, Tenn., the following des
cribed tract of land, lying in the Sev
enth Civil District of Maury County,
Tenn., and bounded as follows, viz. :
Beginning at a set rock in the center
oftheMt Pleasant road, 10 poles west
o' the center of Little Kigby creek
where the said road crosses the same,
running west 35 pole and H links to
the S. K. corner of Little Highv Acad
eiw lot. thence north 9 pole and Minks
lo the X. K. corner of e aid Academy lot.
What is it brain or brawn?
Do you clean by main
strength or do you use labor
savers? Do you use the best labor
saver ? If you are undecided which
is best try
the southern margin of the riht of
way Kraniea ny jonaa i nomas to me
trustees of said Academy as a watering
nrivileirp for thfl henptit. rt aai Anarl-
emy ; thence north, crossing said riht-
. . . . . L. . i I - .
ui-wnjr io me annul uuiinury line oi
John J. olicoffer, aDd north mar
gin of said right-of-way ; thence west
with said line about 11 poles more or
less to the N. W. corner of said Acad
emy lot; thence south 10 poles to the
south-west corner of said lot ; thence
west 26 poles to a set rock in James H.
Thomas east boundry line; thence
north degrees east with said Thomas
line 64 HO lOO poles to a rock in the ren
ter of the east fork of Tattle Highv
creek, it being Thomas H. McCandless'
south-west corner; thence east 57 Mil
Eoles with said McCandless' south
oundary line to a set rock in the X. W.
corner of 8. M. Xeely's lot; thence
Routh 10 poles more or less with the said
Xeely's west boundary line to a set rock ;
thence east 3 poles to a set rock in the
said Neely's south boundary line;
thence south 21 poles more or 1?h to a
set rock; thence east with said Xeely's
south boundary line, 15 'poles to a set
rock on the west margin of Spring
street as laid down in the plat of the
town of Bigbyville; thenee south with
the west margin of said street to a stake
near where said street intersects said
creek; thence east with the said Zoli
coffer's old line dividing the old spring
toor near the mouth of the old cave iu
Geo. V. Hunt's west boundarv line;
thence south with said line to the "Id
road and tho S. V. cor. of Hunt's lot;
thence east with said Hunt's line to W.
and IV SI KhlolHat j . 11.,,..
- " "u" t. v n u iiiruuuai y line,
thence scuth with said Shields' line to a
potnt due east of a new spring; thence
west to and dividing said spring 10 feet
west; thence south to the margin of the
Mt. Pleasant road; thence west with
said road to the beginning, containing
by estimation, twentv-seven acres
more or leRH.'
Terms of Sale. Said land will he
sold on a credit of six and twelve
months, except $o0..H) In cash on dav of
sab, and in barof equitvof redemption ;
and will take notes with approved se
curity, beai ing interest from date, for
the deferred payments, and will retain
lien on said land for payment of said
notes. J. FRANK WILKY,
Clerk and Commissioner.
J. A. Smiser, Attorney for Compl't.
June24 4t J '
Cl.ERK AND MASTKR'8 OkKU'K, )
Columbia, Tennn July H, l,His. j
Horace Rainey.et. al., complainants, vs.
VV. G. Rainey.et. al., defendants.
It appearing from affidavits tiled in
this cause that the defendants. J. V.
r inlay, guardian, and LwingJ. Rainev,
Walter Rainey, Robert Rainev and Jes
se G. Rainev are residents of the State
of Texas, and non-residents of the State
It is therefore ordered thit they enter
their appearance herein, before or with
in the hrst three day of the rir-t Mon
day in September, isus, the same being
a rule day of the Chancery Court, to be
held at Columbia, on the "first Monday
in October next, lmw, and plead, answer
ordemurto complainant's bill, or the
same will be taken for confessed as to
them and set for hearing ex parte;
and that a copy of thia order be pub
lished for four consecutive weeks in
the Columbia Herald.
A copy At t st:
o A KIV. Clerk and Mash-r.
w . S. 1 leming, Sul'r for Compl't.