Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, At GUST 1L 1898.
SHOO FLY ! SHOO FLY !
but the symptom. In no real sense
is cholera a disease in itself. It is
uei'er likely to appear if fowls are
kejkt properly, fed right, and are not
tormented with lice.
A dose of carbolio acid is not fatal
to some forms of parasitic life.
There is more potency in lime, and
if poultry houses are whitewashed
from time t time the nuisance will
be surely abated. despite the rapid
breeding. An additional help is to
grease the perches occasionally, not
forgetting to dip the euds in solid
Don't bother me ! Well, if you buy your Screen Doors,
Windows, and Screen Wire Cloth from us you won't have any
"flies on you." Don't keep flies off, but keeps them out. We
keep all the standard size doors from 2 ft. G in. by 6 ft. 6 in., to
3 ft. by 7 ft., also screen sash to fit any windows.
In the Kaet many Arms who sup
ply poultrymen, make it a part of
their business to keep in stock a
supply of clover hay for fowls during
the winter, second crop clover is
REFRIGERATORS. There Is no luxury equal to u good refrige
rator. We have them from $10.00 to $'J0.0O.
best, and should be cut quite green
and weil dried. This makes a de
lightful cold wea-her ration for
hens when cut short and mixed
with bran or shorts in boiling water.
The fowls will eat it eagerly, and
will manifest their thanks in re
doubled energies iu laying.
JjLKj X Irljiiia. We are agents for the Ores
cent wheels. None better at any price. liicy
cle sundries. Wheels repaired on short notice.
f ( 1 1
TH E BEST!
Citizens' Telephone 73.
(,'ratluate and Medalist of the Ontario
Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada.
Offlee: Havlan, Parks it Harlan's aiaoie
Telephone An. 2 .
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer In
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Fine watch and Jewelry
repairing a specialty.
Bethel) Block, :
W. M. DIDDLE,
OMce: Corner HIgbVnd Eighth Streets
Office hours: 8 to lU-i to .
Dr. Til. P. Merrill,
Office over Dr. Williamson's office, Ga
" den Street.
HtTROUSOXIDK OAS FOR PAINLESS Ex
TRACTION OF TEETH.
Office Hours 8:00 a. m. to 5:30 p. m.
Dr. Jos. T. Meadors
Garden Street, between 7th and 8th.
Columbia. : Tenn.
Telephone So. 72.
KAILUOAD TIME TAULK.
LonUvUla ana Kanhvllle Dlvlitlun
No. 2 loaves
No. 4 leaves
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves.
jjq g " leaves.
Xn. s i runt line) leaves,..;
5:S5 p. m
, ft:Xi a. ta
, 5:4n p. m
, fl:SW a. m
10:?S a. n
No. 1 (fhiit line) loaves
Vr. T iTiKimmhlKlind NaSUVllle
2:ta a. n
Accommodation) arrives fl:!tO a. ni
NO. 5 (Pulaski Acco'nl leaves.... i :W p
Nrtxhvllle and FlorenceilHvUloii.
Accommodation, leaves... .10 a. .
8 Florence Accommnunuuu,
i...ti..n TuHoumbla and
Nafchville, arrives 5:80 p. n.
Nashville, Chattanoogn St. I.ouU Kail
road- Duck Kiver Valley Division.
No. 1 leaves
No. 2 leavef :U0 p. m
W K 8T
No. 1 arrive P- ?
No. 2 arrives" :""7V6v5? ' ,
Close connection is made with throURl
trains on the Louisville and Nashville an
Ureat Southern Railroad
COLUMBIA. MARKET BEl'UKT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon
NiehoU and K. Holding.
Country l'roduce .
Sorghum, from wagon lnw
Eggs , .I
Ginseng 2 00(2
Clear sides 7
! Field Seed.
Crimson Clover 8
Hlue Grass 1 2581
Orchard Grass 1
Grain and Hay.
Hau Clover, from wagon.... 50Q
Tiiiiotuy ,lroru wagon WkJ
Lard, from wagon f4 7
Flour, per bbl 3 7oi4 'Jj
Sugar, granulated 5rt oS
ii,rva: rpiii iSS W
ICE CREAM FREEZERS. ify0U
want the best made, buy a (Jem Freezer. We
sell the White Mountain Tretzer. See our pri
ces, they are money-savers.
HABY CARRIAGES. Prices from $4.50
to $15.00. Rubber tires and foot brakes, few
est colors in upholstery and parasols.
Dont forget zve are the people that
make the lowest, prices on Crockery,
Stoves and Tinivare. And r:e sell fo
Agricultural and Live
A bare spot i3 abhorrent to Dame
Nature. Hhe makes a persistent ef
fort to cover every portion of the
earth with some Bort of vegetation,
and is wholly indifferent as to
whether it is corn or weeds. Man
must regulate that.
Millet hay should be cut before
the seed forms, otherwise the feed
ing value is concentrated in the
grain, and the straw becomes hard,
woody and unpalatable.
Keep the land covered in winter
and prevent the evaporation of ni
trogen. Especially should this be
done if manure has been applied.
Let gome grass or grain always be
growing; rye will answer well, and
will be service both as a fodder crop
and for further enrichment of the
There is no better way to treat
weeds than to put a cover on the
land to prevent them from getting
a foothold, and nothing is better for
this than a good sod. rew weeds
can grow, in a good grass sod; and
land thus sodded and rightly treat
ed during the rest of its rotation will
not be much troubled with weeds.
There is ceitainly no cheapor way
to eradicate them.
Clods just beneath the surface of
ten do more harm than those abave,
as they prevent moisture rising to
the seed. Many farmers never find
the full worth of the harrow, and it
is a common mistake, when prepar
ins the gronnd, not to harrow deep
I he mechanical effect from decay
ed vegetable marter is quite as great
as the direct fertilizing value, and
tins is wnoiiy lost when refuse is
burned. One advantage in fall
plowing is that it puts much green
matter under the soil, where it de
composes during the winter.
A large paten or the best timber is
money stowed away. There is no
better life insurance for the farmer,
as the investment is kept in his own
bauds, and lie is sure of a final re
turn, to himself or his children, if
he is only attentive to his trees.
Itisn safe precaution to white
wash the bins which have been used
wi'h a lime and carbolic acid solu
tion before putting grain in them
again. Then germs and vermin will
be less likely to molest.
. For all kinds of stock rye is a de
sirable food. It increases the quan
tity oi milk produced, and is a sav
ing or from one to two tons of good
hay for every acre sown. It is of
especial worth in that it affords
green crop to be plowed under in the
spring to enrich and renew tho laud.
t athers, make thorough farmers
of your boys if they are to follow
your calling. Do not imagine this
can be done by permitting them to
grow up in ignorance of the gseat
lessons of science and the ways of
the larger world about them.
The turnip lly will not disturb you
if the seeds are soaked in turpentine
before sowing. The first leaves will
smell of the turpentine, and after
four leaves are formed the fly never
With a large farm and much hired
labor one has to figure with the ex
pense account and the tax gatherer
before the result is known, and this
is usually slim enough. On a little
farm, well tilled, the gross result
and the net profits are almost
We shall not be much interested
in the study of the comparative
merits of commercial fertilizers if
we follow diversified farming. Ket p
all the stock the farm will carry,
feed it well, and save and apply the
Honey making is one of the indus
tries which never has been over
done, and the honey product never
exceeds the demand. The 30,000
bee keepers of the United Htates
could well be doubled, and why
ghould uot many of them be women?
When bee swarm about fruit
trees at blossoming we can be pretty
well assured that we shall have
fruit. Neotar seems to be secreted
toattactthe bees, that they may
collect polen and carry it t other
plants, to fertilize or cross fertilize
them. Htes can not be too numer
ous for the good of plants nor trees
''o prevent after swarming, move
the parent colony to a new stand
wnue tne Dees are in the air, and
hive the new swarm on fh nlH
stand. The bees which are in the
field will return to the old nin
and those which later leave the
parent hive will also join the new,
and will be built up into a stronir
1 here Is a irenertil HpinnnH fnr
things which were once counted
luxuries. When any such luxury
becomes so plentiful that its price
falls so low those who had not hith
erto felt able to indulire in it can
buy it, a succeeding rise in price
does not restrict the sales to the
former users. Those who hnv
honey while it is low will contlnnn
to buy after the price goes up again,
probably. It is really a gain to the
uco nccper mat nonev nas gone so
low in the market. The price will
be a profitable one four years out of
queens cease laving and the
strength of the colony is lessened at
intervals during the summer when
bees can not gather honey. A little
feed at 6uch times keeps the queens
laying and tne colony is built up
it is very essential that we watch
tins in early summer.
In the mutton market poorly fat
ted sheep are poor property. No
profit results to the owner in offer
ing them before they are fitted for
uriars, weeds and neglect are not
enough to sustain sheep. Home
thing will not come from nothing
Only the best care will bring full
lietter overstock a sheep pasture
man to let a surplu- grow which
will be hard to get rid of. l'astur
age properly cropped tends to make
the growth of grass permanent,
wnue mat wnicn goes to seed is
Itisthoso men who make it
study who believe that there is
profit in sheep keeping on the farm
if it is adhered to in good and evil
times, and pursued with persever
ance and intelligence.
it is not iu accordance with the
fitness of things that our finer wool
is imported. Nowhere are the cli
matic condition more favorable to
production than in America, and
there is no end to the wealth for the
shep grower in her valleys and
At a cost of $70 a farmer fed 20o
sneep ior nve montns in tne winte
on straw and an evening ration of
one and a half bushels of oats. The
fleece easily paid for the keep of the
Hock; the straw was turned to man
ure; a good revenue resulted from
the sale of lambs and mutton; he
still had his 200 left.
Hogs have been called the poor
man's stock, but they have no ad
vantage over sneep. In starting
with them but little capital is re
quired ; a small flock of the best na
tive sheep to be found, and a ram of
the best blood to be bought, com
plete tne equipment. Neither is
there a long wait for the returns to
begin. The best result in sheep
growing is attained by handling
sneep wnicn wui produce a six
pound fleece upon a hundred pound
carcass, worth the top notch price a
No question but that well fed
chickens lay the best. There should
be ample variety and plenty of it.
Even in summer the grasses and
bugs do not satisry them, and a feed
of grain will be well returned iu
The poultry house floor is respon
sible for a good many of the evils
Chickens are heir to: if not in a good
sanitary-condition, it is a fruitful
sourceDf infection, and a breeding
placeorinsrcts. If made of boards,
let it be well up from the ground ; if
of earth, let it be either much
higher than the surrouidtug ground
or well tiled, or let there be a good
ditch dug about the building. A
good tile around the outside usually
answers the purpose well. In any
fvent, by some means avoid damp
There are undiscovered troubles
among chickens of which cholera is
For the new orchard select land
where the soil is not too light ; let it
be rather high, but not exposed to
sweeping winds. Drain it thorough
ly. It is a good way to plant the ap
ple trees about 50 feet apart, and the
pears, plums and cherries between
them. Let no animals encroach but
the chickens. Plow it thoroughly
every year, and cultivate sufficient-1
ly often to keep all weed3 down, at1
least. There must be a never end
ing war against insects If you would
have an orchard which is to be a
source of delight and profit.
lietter never plant the garden, or
chard or berry patch than to leave
it to neglect, lhe weeds and the
water sprouts thrive, absorb the
nourishments, aud steal every pos
sible gain away.
At the time of a cold snap a coat
ing of sleet which envelops a tree
conserves all the natural warmth
generated by the vital foic-s there
in, and the cold without seems to
do no harm. In warmer climates,
where unexpected frosts come now
and then, the fruit has been pre
served by spraying the whole tree
with water until it was covered
with a coating of ice from top to
bottom. When the weather
moderated it left the fruit unin
It does not follow that it would
not pay to give apples and pears
better cultivation because they do
comparatively well on almost any
soil and in very adverse conditions.
We can not plow about the larger
fruit trees because of the roots, but
with mulches we can keep the sur
face moist; we can not give them
high culture, but they need fertil
izers just as much as do smaller
If green tomatoes, fully grown,
are picked from the vines as soon as
frosts come, and are careruliy
wrapped in paper and laid away iu
a cool, dimly lighted place, they
will ripen slowly, and fresh toma
toes will be supplied for weeks after
those out of doors are killed.
Plants from the blackberry and
red raspberry are usually taken from
the sprouts or suckers which come
up between the rows or around the
bill; for black raspoerries, Dury tne
tips of the canes as soon as they
Uaturally bend to the giound, leave
until spring, and then detach and
Currant worms very rarely do
much damage to bushes which have
been cultivated, as they have no
chance to hide in the grass. After
being thus tended, these plants and
other berries can be kept free from
weeds during the late summer and
fall by covering the . ground around
them with straw; this will settle
down by winter, protecting the
plants and furnishing food for the
Gooseberries can be easily grown
to tree form. It is only a matter of
cutting off all canes but one, and
propeilv pruning that one. When
properly treated they make very
neat little trees.
Cut every cane out of the rasp
berries on which fruit was-produced
this year, and burn them Then
pinch otT the tips of the new canes
and cultivate the patch once or twice'
before the ground freezes.-
"One year's seeding," it is said,
"makes seven years weeding.
Now is the time weeds take udvant-1
age of neglected gardens to' mature
seeds for the next year. Watch
them as vigilantly now as when the
crops are growing.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
. Alfonso's Infancy.
The .young King or Spain was
ushered'iiito ti e world with pomp and
ceremony, which even in Ins exalted
cohere is somew hat unusual. His Hr?t
introduction to his court was on a uold
en trav, upon which he was carried
through a company of U K) or .'WO lord
and ladies, comprising the very cream
of .Spanish sociotv. A magniiiient
suite of apartments had been provided
for him. all his own : from the very iirst
stalwart soldiers Kuarded his chamber
door by night and by day. The Pope of
Home sent him his christening rohes,
and water was brought from the Jordan
for his baptismal font. At 3 mouths
old a dental surgeon was appointed,
with nothing to do but superintend the
royal teething operations, aud from the
very hrst court physicians made a
formal overhauling of the person of the
young monarch twice a day bv the
A whole bevy of court ladies were
employed every morning to dress his
august Majesty, according to the strict
est procedure of court etiouette at
Madrid, and there is said to have been
an imposing and elaborate ceremonial
mi t h., nfpnainti of hiA Maiestv's tirst
condescending to put his royal ieet into
shoes gorgeous affairs in white leath
er, embroidered with gold. What Al
fonso XI II himself thought of it all at
the tune unfortunately we have no
menus ..f kuo in2. Vei.tuiinster ia
CUBAN RELIEF ouret
Colic. NeurnlKiaand Toothache
in Ave minutes. Sour Stomach
nd Summer Complaints. Price, 25 Cent.
ijjKl by A. B. KAIX. ColumHI, Tcnu
WE ARE ASSERTING IN THE COURTS OUR EIGHT TO
THE EXCLUSIVE USE OF THE WORD "CASTORIA," AND
"I'lTCHKR'S CASTORIA," AS OUR TRADEMARK.
J, DR. SAMUEL PITCHER, of Hyannis, Massachusetts,
t l J ,i A I OTft ni t II j i. '. 11. 1
was tne origmawr oj "aoivniH, sums mat
has home and does now bear on every
the fac-simile signature of(aifMic&( wrapper.
This is the original "CASTORIA" which has been used in
the homes of the Mothers of America for over thirty years.
LOOK CAREFULLY at the
the kind you have always bought
and has tne signature oj
per. mo one has authority jrom me to use my name except
The Centaur Company, of which Chas. H. Fletcher is President
Do Not Be Deceived.
Do not endanger the life of your child by accepting
a cheap substitute which some druggist may offer you
(because he makes a few more pennies on it), the in
gredients of which even he does not know.
"The End You Have Always Bought"
BEARS THE SIGNATURE OF
Insist on Having
The End That Never Med You.
THC CENTAUR COMPANY, TT MURRAY THCET. NEW YON CITY.
Surreys und Phiwton. 1
styles and pneea right. Largo stock of Harness at prices to
suit customers. Kee
Satterfield & Dodson
1 Kusrfian raili-oa.l trnina invc m,,lin,.
cars for ladies.
Hritain makes 2o.oo(Uhi . war
out of its post ollices.
In everv million of npnnio in ti,.
world there are NX) who are blind.
A liart Of the (Icnnan unlilicr'a umiln.
ment i a four ounce religious book.
On the west and southwest coasts of
Corea the tide rises and falls from 7 to
The sooken luiiirimi'n nf t'hinn la
written, aud 'the 'written language is
Men of Shafter's ni-.e
fighter. Thev can't run. nnrW nw
South American' ants havp hn
known to construct a tunnel three
miles in length.
The Tiennle nf
v. vj Kit-nil?
alarmed at the spread of liquor drink
ing uiiiuiiK Liieni.
The weight of tlm (imonl
100 tons, which is equal to that of -88
eit-liinn ia or 340 oears.
It is estimated that, t vr xroaa la tka
averriiie sickness pTipr)on..,.H v, it a
son before the age of 70.
HIS ruKTO RICO ITINERARY.
With easy grace and footstep light
liold Miles paradeth up aud down,
And every time he comes in sight
lie gets the freedom of a town.
Cleveland Plain Dealar.
A Little Lexicon.
Foolish The man who arirnes u itl.
Convey An elderlv female who acta
as a chaperon.
Handwriting Pen and ink draulm.ro.
of one's thoughts.
Temptation The balance in which
character is weighed.
slander A species of mud that rnh
off when it gets dry.
i line -a wonder that labors twenty
fonr hours dsil v.
Henpecked The man whose wifn in.
sists upon ruiini; the roost.
t.enius a married man who has a
new excuse every time he stays out
hiplomat .V man whoae words con
vey a different meaning from what he
ir.vans, Atlanta V-'Uitituivu,
wrapper and see that it is
r on the
Wuzjy eatU44 wrap-
Why isn't paregoric a baby's crying
Why isn't the life of a miller one con
tinual grind? i
Why wouldn't crying women Tmake
Why are not women's rights and wed
ding rites synonymous?
Why is it that a reformer seldom be
gins his work at home?
Why is a man of the smallest caliber
always the biggest bore?
Why is theaverage man always want
ing to do something he can't?
Why doesn't the man who rides a
chainless wheel travel in-cog?
Why does arbitration prove that both
the contending parties are wronu?
A Threatened Demonstration.
Delinquent I'm sorrv but von know
! you can't get blood out of a turnip.
I Collector Well, unless you are pre
j pared to pay this bill when I call around
I to-morrow I'll sho-v vou that 1 can
(draw some out of a beat!" Chicago
j Drtily Itecord.
j DUeaiei of the Blood and Nerve.
No one netd suft'er with neurak'ia. This
uisease is quickly and permanently cured
t i...up ir.m itinera, tvery Uisease of
the blood, nerves and stomach, clin.nic
or otherwise, succumbs to Iirowns' Iron
Bitters. Known and used for nearly a
quarter of a century, it stands tolav fore
most among our mot valued remedies.
Browns' Iron Bitters is sold by all dcaJera
All Kinds of Stamps.
There are stamps and gtamps, and
the banks re wnithfully aware that
there are.' The record of one Bos
ton hank for stamps received on
checks is this:
Internal revenue stamps of the
Regular postage stamps.
Omaha postage stamps.
Documentary stamps of
i osiage-oue stamps.
The receipt of two 1-cent
due 'on a check broko the
How anybody outside of the no
IT J . I
oiut-n depigment could have
tnem In possession to put on
111 v-ierv JL??:o.i i j-ij