Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, AUGUST ID, 1898.
NEWS AND COMMENT.
The Cubans readily accepted the
armistice provided for in the proto
col. Ambassador Hay, at London, will
uccd Secretary Day when he re.
Tl v. a h AnuiRii. i.'t d i.-t .v..
........ - - iX.lilljA. J ' , UU HI-
mandant of the Mare Island navv
yard, died last Friday at Vallejo
Pkesidext McKixley, ha3 ap
pointed Judge J. M. Hobson, father
of Lieut. Hobson, post-master at
Gex. Fitzhigh Lee reached
Washington Buuday night, having
been ordered there to confer with
Texkessee volunteers in Han
Francisco destroyed a negro's house,
and were about to lynch him when
stopped by the oflicers.
The President has tendered Sena
tor Allison, of Iowa, an appoint
ment oit the. peace commission, but
the Senator could not see his way
clear to accept.
A dlsj'atch from Madrid to Lon
don says: "The surrender of Manila
on Saturday by Gen. Jaudeines is
officially announced. The United
States troops immediately occupied
ukders have been issued retain
ing the troops at San Francisco that
were preparing to sail this week for
the Philippines. This means that
the fondest hopes of the First Ten
nessee have been blighted.
ihe avy Department made a
long list of promotions last Friday
for the boys who fought at Santiago.
Among the number were Commo
dores Win, T. Sampson and Win
field S. Schley, who were made
Hear Admirals. Schley was made
to rank next after Sampson.
The news of peace reached Guay-
ama, Porto Rico, just in time to pre
vent a battle, hiverything was in
readiness for an attack on Spanish,
and a Pennsylvania battery was
just about to open fire, when an or
derly galloped up with the news that
the war was over. The soldiers
groaned in disgust.
The actual payments made up to
date from the United States Treas
ury for war expenses foot. up about
$95,000,000. The appropriations
amount to $3(51,788,095.11, and the ex
penses will go on for several months
yet, until the treaty of peace has
been concluded and the occupation
of the ceded territory has been com
die President last Tuesday ap
pointed tbe two commissions to ad
just the evacuation of Cuba and
Porto Rico. They are as follows: For
Cuba, Maj.-Gen. James F. Wade,
Rear Admiral Win, T. Sampson
Mai. -Gen. Matthew C. Butler. For
Porto Rico, Maj.-Gen. John R
Rrooke, Rear Admiral Winfield S
Hchley, Brig.-Gen. Wm, W. Gordon
When- Gex. Lek received a tele
gram from Washington last Friday
announcing that peace had been de
clared, he wired in reply: "Thank
you. I will at once order the Sev
enth Corps to' cease firing." The
General was at least facetious, if
not sarcastic, as Jacksonville city is
about the nearest that any of the
regiments of his command have got
ten to Cuba. The Seventh Corps
will probably eet an opportunity to
go there to do garrison duty, how
ever, but this is not a particularly
pleasant thought to a good many
who would prefer to return home
6aying that they did not enlist for
police duty, but rather to fight for
their country, and, opportunities for
that being over, they uo longer have
any desire to serve.
The dove of peace did not fly fast
enough to prevent fighting the day
of the eiguiuz of the protocol. At
Manzanillo, in the proviuce of San
tiago de Cuba, the fighting continued
in the form of a bombardment by
our ships, and answering fire by the
Spaniards, for hours after the proto
cal had been sitrned. In front of
Albonito in Porto Rico General Wil
eon had a battery exchanging shots
with a Spanish bmery. and one of
our men was killed before the en
ragement ended. One of the big
guns at Havana's Morro Castle
blazed away at Commodore Howell's
flagship, the San Francisco, and tore
a hole in her astern. General Lu-
que at Holguin, Cuba, received or
tiers to evacuate that city, which
was besieged bv Garcia and S.neO
Spain Gives Up ;n BiUer
THE PUBLIC MI.M) IS STL'XNEI),
Ami There U General Mourning Com
ment of the Spanish Trea Denrrlhed a
a Veritable Funeral Hymn.
Loxdox, Aug. 15 The Madrid
correspondent of the Daily Mail says:
" 1 ne comments of the press on the
protocol are a veritable funeral
hymn on the destruction of the
Spanish colonial empire. Some days
ago tne desire ior peace made the
people close their eyes to the price.
out now, upon reading the protocol.
they realize that the cost is the loss
of that empire which Spain had con
quered with so much glory, and that
hpain now falls to the second rank
among nations. The public mind is
stunned and there is general mourn
The Times' Madrid correspondent.
telegraphing Sunday, says:
' l ne publication or the protocol
has not made much impression, be
cause the contents wre alreauv
known. The only doubtful point re
ferred to the time of the convocation
of the Cortes. Although there is a
strong Cabinet dissension on this
point, some apprehending a crisis,
little importance need be attached
to it, because it is very unlikely that
in tne event or one or two Ministers
resigning, the course of the peace
negotintions will be seriously affect
ed, because in the long run, Sagasta
is certain to have his own way.
THE SPANISH PKES3.
Tone of Com mm t U Tinged With Saduem
Madrid, Aug. 14. El Liberal says
t he article in tlxe protocol relating to
the Philippines does not indicate
that anything good for Spain will be
fixed upon, and the question will not
be settled favorably for her.
hi ulobo (ministerial) pines for
peace between Spain anu the United
States, and says the communications
on Eastern question, which Day and
Cumbon have signed, begins the
first chapter in a new history of Eu
El Tiempo (Conservative) says
"Peace is an accomplished fact. The
bitterness of defeat does not prevent
us from seeing with satisfaction the
end of the war."
ElEpocasays: "The peace is the
saddest inposed since the treaty of
Utrecht,' and expresses doubt "if a
Government which has allowed it
self to be dragged into a war will
acquit itself well by negotiating
El Pais to-day prints the text of
the protocol signed by the United
States and Spain with mourning
borders and says: "Spain, without
colonies, is reduced to the role of a
El Imparcial says: "Peace will
not bring to Spain even the rest she
so much needs after three years and
a half of war."
El Nacional says bitterly: "If
Spain had at least been vanquished
only after a furious and heroic
struggle, she could resign herself.
Peace with the United States will
only be a momentary respite from
Garwood'sSarsaparuia ior the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. 11. Rains.
A LARGER ARMY.
The War Department Will Aak Congress
for an Increase.
The War Department will ask
Congress to increase the standing
army even beyond its present war
The department has decided that
65,000 meti who have gone to the
front and have seen service will not
be sufficient for the needs of the
The whole volunteer army will
disappear as soon as the President
issues his final peace proclamation.
It is the understanding that 100,000
men will be needed at home, in
Cuba, Porto Rico and in the Philip
pines. The proclamation of peace
will disband all the volunteers and
necessitate new enlistments.
Gen. Alger said to-day it was the
intention of the department to gar
rison the places named with both
regulars and volunteers until the
final proclamation. The Seventh
army corps, under Gen. Fitzhugh
Lee, is to be distributed in Cuba,
and the corps will be strengthened
as occasion permits for this purpose.
The eighteen regiments under Gen.
Wade, which were intended for
Porto Rico, and which are still un
der orders for that island, will be
distributed for carrison duty in
Porto Rico and Cuba. Washington
telegram to the Chicago Chronicle.
HIKN THEIR BODIES.
Saiiih Soldier Die bo r'ant Tin-
Can't lit Buried.
Santiago ik Ci:ba, Aug. 15. The
embarkation of the Spanish prison
ers is being pushed with great ac
tivity. This is rendered imperative
by their horrible conditio. The
niortalit? is so great in the Spanish
camp, where disease is rampant,
that no longer are the dead buried.
A funeral pile of ten or twelve bod
ies is made, satuated with kerosene
and set fire to, cremating the bodies
in the open air.
With the Signing
0KDERS SENT IM.UEDI1TELV
The End Cmne Three Month ml Twenty
tle The l'rcdlilent Iueg a Peace Proclamation, the Content of Which
Were Made Known to the Xaval and Army Commander.
Washington, Aug. 12. With simplicity in keeping with republican
institutions, the war which has raged
States for a period of three months and
minated at twenty-three minutes past 4 o'clock this afternoon, when Sec
retary Day, for the United States, and M. Catnbon, for Spain, in the pres
enceof President M'Kinley, signed a protocol which will form the basis
of a definite treaty of peace.
Immediately after tne signatures
signed a peace proclamation, and orders were issued to Gens. Miles, Mer-
ritt and Shafter and to the naval commanders at the several stations in
the United States, Cuba and the Philippines, carrying into effect the di
rections of the proclamation.
The provisions of the protocol, as given out officially by Secetary
Day, are as follows:
"First That Spain shall relinquish all claim of sovereignty over and title
"Second That Porto Rico and other Spanish islands in tho West Indies and
an island iu the Ladrones, to be selected by the United States, shall tie ceded to
"Third That the United States will occupy aud hold the city, hay and har
bor of Manila, pending the conclusion of a treaty of peace, which shall determine
the control, disposition and government of the Philippines.
"Fourth That Cuba, Porto Rico and other Spanish islands in the West In
dies shall be immediately evacuated, and that Commissioners to lie appointed
within thirty days from the signing of the protocol meet in Havana and Sau
Juan, respectively, to arrange and execute the details of the evacuation.
"Fifth That the United States and Spain will each appoint not more than
five Commissioners to negotiate and conclude a treaty of peace. The Commis
sioners are to meet at Parig not later than the 1st of October.
"Sixth On the signing of the protocol hostilities will he suspended and uo
t'ce to that effect will he given as soon as possible by each Government to the
commanders of its military and naval forces."
Following is the peace proclamation issued by the President:
"Uy the President of the United States of Ameriei A Proclamation!
"Whereas, I?y a protocol concluded and signed August 12, 1SUS, "by William
R. I)ay, Secretary of State of the United States, and his Excellency, Jules Cam
bon, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of France
at Washington, respectively representing for tiiis purpose the Government of
the United States and the Government of Spain, the United States and Spain
have formally agreed upon the terms upon which negotiations for ths establish
ment of peace between the two countries shall be undertaken ; and
"Whereas, It is in said protocol agreed that upon its conclusion and signa
ture hostilities between the two countries shall be suspended, and that notice to
that effect shall be given as soon as possible by each Government to the com
manders of its military and naval forces:
"Now, therefore, I, William McKinley, President of the United States, do, iu
accordance with the stipulations of the protocol, declare and p-uelaim on the
part of the United States, a suspension of hostilities, aud do hereby command
that orders be immediately given through the proper channels to the command
ers of the military and naval forces of the United States to abstain from all acts
inconsistent with this proclamation.
"In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to he atlixed.
"Done at the City of Washington, this 12th day of August, in the year of our
Lord, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight, and of the independence of
the United States the one hundred aud twenty-third.
William K. Day, Secretary of State."
Mr. Bryan, in his last public address, delivered in Omaha, June 14, at
the celebration of Nebraska Day at the Trans-Mississippi Kxposition, an
nounced himself emphatically against imperialism. He spoke as follows:
"War is harsh ; it is attended by hardship and suffering; it means a vast ex
penditure of men and money. We may pray for the coming of the time, prom
ised in holv writ, when the spears shall be beateti into pruning hooks aud tho
swords into plowshares; but universal peace cannot come until justice is en
throned throughout the world. Jehovah deals with nations as he deals with
men, and for both decrees that the wages of sin is death. Until the right has
triumphed in every land and love reigns in every heart, government must, as a
last resort, appeal to force. As long as the oppressor is deaf to the voice of rea
son, so long must the citizen accustom his shoulder to the musket and his hand
to the sabor.
"Our nation exhausted diplomacy in its efforts to secure a peaceable solution
of the Cuban question, and only took up arms when it was compelled to choose
between w ar and servile acquiescence in cruelties which would have been a dis
crace to barbarism.
"History will vindicate the position taken by the I nited States in the war
with Spain. In saying this I assume that tne principles which were invoked in
the inauguration of the war will be observed in its prosecution and conclusion.
"If a contest undertaken for the sake of humanity degenerates into a war of
conuiiest, we shall tind it diilicult to meet the charge of having added h vpoerisy
to greed. Is our national character so weak that we cannot withstand the temp
tation to appropriate the first piece of land that comes within our reach?
"To 'nflict upon the enemy all possible harm is legitimate warfare; but shall
we contemplate scheme for the colonization of the ( rient merely because our
fleet won a remarkable victory in the harbor of Manila?
"Our guns destroyed a Spanish fleet, but can they destroy that self-evident
truth, that governments derive their just powers, not from superior force, but
from the consent of the governed? Shall we abandon a Just resistance to Euro
pean encroachment upou the Western Hemisphere, in order to mingle in tho
controversies of Europe and Asia?
"Nebraska, standing midway between the oceans, will contribute her full
share tow ard the protection of our seacoast ; her sons will support the flag at
home and abroad, wherever the honor and the interests of the natiou may re
quire. Nebraska will hold up the hands of the Government while the battle
rages, and w hen the w ar clouds roll away her voice w ill be heard pleading for
maintenance of those ideas which inspired the founders of our Government and
gave the nation its proud eminence among the natlous of the earth.
"If others turn to thoughts of aggrandizement and yield allegiance to those
who clothe land-covetousness in the attractive garb of 'national destiny,' the
people of Nebraska will, if I mistake not their sentiments, plant themselves
upon the disclaimer entered by Congress, aud expect that good faith will charac
ttrize the making of peace as it did the beginning of war;
'"To judge how wide the limits stand
Hetwlxt a splendid and a happy land.'
"If some dream of the splendors of a hetrogeneous empire encircling the
globe, we shall Iks content to aid in bringing enduring happine.-s to a homegen
ous people, consecrated to the puropose of maintaining a government of the peo
ple, by the people and for the people.'
(JEN. LEE FOR SENATOR.
Announce In an Interview that He I a
Vashinutox, August 15. The
Post to-morrow will say :
"Hen. Fitzhugh Lee will enter the
senatorial race in Virginia. This
announce mtut can be made without
War Was Ended Friday
of the Protocol.
TO PUT A STOP TO FIGHTING.
- Two Iav After the Heuiniiinir of HoMlll-
between Spiin aud the United
twenty-two days wa quietly ter
had been affixed, the President
any qualification. It is authorized
by Geu. Lee himself, who last night
dictated the statement to a repre
sentative of the Pst.
"I'pon being asked the question
as to his future intentions and ao
preciating the interest felt iu the
matter throughout Virginia, Qen.
Lee said :
" 'I shall be a candi date-for United
States Senator.' "
Gov.-Gen. Augusti Fled
From the City.
DEWEY I50M15VKDS, AM) THE CITY
InroiulltioiiHlly Fall Into Hi Hand
August! Knciied Friday on a German
Steamer, and the lloiubardinent Took
Place Next Day.
Hong Kong, Aug. 15. Manila has
surrendered to Rear Admiral Dewey.
The Americans bombarded the city
Saturday and were soon in posses
sion. Governor General Augusti and his
family arrived here to-day from
Manila on the German Cruiser Kal
I souiht an interview with the
Governor General. He refused to
say anything, however, except that
he aud his entire family were re
turning to Spain.
The German warship departed
from Manila last Friday. At that
time Manila had not fallen into the
hands cf the United States.
The American fleet at that time
was anchored in front of the city.
Wllomau Confirms It.
Washington, Aug. 15. The De
partment of State has just issued the
"The following dispatch was re
ceived at the Department of State
at 11:15 p. m., August 15, from Con
sul Wildman, Hong Kong:
" 'Augusti says Dewey bombarded
Manila Saturday ; city surrendered
unconditionally. Augusti was taken
by Germans in launh to Kaiseriu
and brought to Hong Kong. I
credit report.' "
He Doe Not Wlh to Superintend
Madrid, Aug. 15. The Govern
ment has received from Captain
General Blanco a dispatch tender
ing his resignation. The reason
given by Gen. Blanco for resigning
is that he dots not wish to superin
tend the evacuation or Uuoa.
C. E. SXODGUAS-
Nominated for Coiitre(t hy Fourth
The Democratic convention of the
Fourth congressional district, in
session at Cookeville last week,
nominated C. E. Snodgass, of Cum
herlaud county, to succeed Rentoii
McMillin, who has repiesented this
district twenty yearn. Mr. huoii
grass was nominated on the forty
ninth ballot. He is a lawyer, thirty
four years old, and a brother of Chief
Justice D. L. Snodgrass, of the State
TRAGEDY IX .YtSHYILLE.
Last Mouday morning, at Nash
ville, J. O. Cisco stabbed and fa
tally wounded a young man by the
name of Hubert Davis, whom Cisco
accused of having ruined his daugh
ter. Cisco is a Confederate veteran,
was Consul to Mexico during Cleve
land's first administration, and was
atone time editor-in-chief of the
Memphis Herald. Young Divis was
the son of Knox Davis, a wealthy
business man of Dickson. Tenn., and
was highly respected. Divis died
at the city hospital Monday night.
ATTITUDE OF IT RANS.
One Iteport Sayt They are DUnHtlxli ed
With the Fosltlon.
Conflicting reports come from San
tiago as to the attitude of the Cubans.
One is that they are dissatisfied with
the situation, and so says one wild
and discredited rumor are even
talkiug of attacking Santiago when
the American garrison is weaken
ing. A more reliable report is that
no serious attention is paid to the
inflammatory talk of Cuban ex
tremists, although dissatisfaction is
still expressed by many. The Cub
ans are said to resent the failure to
give them formal notification of
the suspension of hostilities. Press
dispatches several days ago stated
that such notification had been giv
en by (Jen. Shafter.
SWEPT ALL IX ITS PATH.
Twenty Live Loat In a Cloudburst
Kxoxvillk, Aug. 13. A terrible
cloudburst, iu which at least twenty
lives are known to have been sacri
ficed, last night visited the commu
nity of Beach Creek, about fifteen
miles north of Itogersville,
which place is eighty miles
The torrent of water fell in the
vicinity of the home of Wm. Figan,
a well-to-do firmer, and his entire
family of wife and five children was
drovued and washed away with the
flood. Figau, however, escaped.
The deluge of water carried with
it every other human within its
reach, ar.d the loss of property is
Royal makes the lood purt,
wholesome and dcliclout.
HOVL BAKING F" CO.. r V01K.
What a I'aity Oiuan lias to Sav (011-
Secretarv Alger is showing himself
sensitive to foreign critvi.--m, but he
ought to have a care for what his own
political friends saw Listen to tin
from the New York Press, i warm K
publicail journal and Admin istratlou
organ, which summarizes the country's
opinion of the Secretary of War in the
following mistering fashion;
"It has censured turn for permitting
his Ordnance Iturean lo issue antio ,e
Hiid useless weapons to troops in active
service w hen ample time remained be
fore the outbreak or war to provide the
whole army with an approved small
arm, and when he had actually in store
a supply of such arms siiilicient leu
times over Tor the arm intent or tho
volunteer regiments of lien. Shatter's
command It lias rensund him for
allowing men to swelter, u inter dad,
for mouths in torrid American camps
and Cuban bivouacs when tho least
provision would have equipped them
for the season and the latitude in which
they served. It has censured him for
what has seemed a perversion of in
genuity iu the selection of tvphoid
tracts, such as Falls Church ud Miami,
for the encampment of large bodies of
troops. It lias ceiisurtfl him for the
failure to acquire a single live stock
transport in advance of an expedition
to which he had assigned a division of
cavalry. . . . This for the all-important
duty of leading the V,rsi re-enforcements
to the support of the Fifth Corps.
It has censured him for I's-'ignlng, un
der 'pressure' from CootriPssmen, l,"),0IO
men, for whom Gen. Miles had not
asked, to Forlo ltieo, while ignoring
the demands of Gen. .Nlerriti for ;;n.u(K
men for the I'liilinpmes. it has cen
sured him for callous iidtilerence or
pettish retorts to sincero representa
tions as to the existence of unnecessary
hardships in the ramp and Held. It is
now censuriu him for violating the
privacy "f unou'ii-ial correspondence lor
spite at bet; at worst for loo coiispna
tur's purpose of clouding lho political
future of oii j of the in t valuable of
the Government's servants, civil and
military, in war and peace a mun
whose "example to the youth of the
country is the most fortu'nreof anti
dotes to that which the put v political
mttliods of the Secretin i nioisi lf have
set. These are some of li e tilings lor
winch the couiilry has censured the
Hard as the I'res- is up hi Gen. Alger
it does not refer to the fa -t tnit Gi-n.
Merritt was ignored :it tir-t hecMiso
some years ago he refused lo aid in
clearing up the military i'-eoid of tne
man who after wai d bee mit-). is superior .
Nor has it referred to wh.ii is an open,
scandal that Secretar,- Alger lias
manipulated his great oili in time of
foreign war after the fa-mon of a ward,
politician. Hut the cunlry will nrf
And hard is the I'i'e-s is upon Gen.
Alger, the ('ouri"r-.loiiru,i! does not
(piote its most serious i ii.licl meut of
lilm. Loiii-ville Courier- J i -tf ii:d .
IMO.V CITY MKT1I0IHSTS
Strong Grounds 0:1
the M. .K.
Union City, Tknn , Aug. 11
At a recent meeting of the Hoard of
Stewards of the Methodl-t Church
strong resolutions were adopted iu
rgard to the Methodist Church
claim. The resolutions say, in part:
"Z.V.vir. that we condemn In un
measured tHrms, the finding of ttiu
l',ook Committee; that wo believe
Messrs. K.ir'jee ami Smith guilty of
willful tn i -i (presentation iu securing
"AV.vi further, that the church
cannot rest under such a stigma, and
that we d onatid tbe resignation of
these agen s and all others iu authority
proven to be implicated with them aud
cognizant of these misrepresentations.
";'il nl urtltrr, that tbe'wh;tewasU
brush' is too much in evidence In our
ecclesiastical bodie and councils, and
that our church can never hope to
reach a hinli plane of spiriUialit v while
conniving at such methods htid uphold
ing such m-'n.
ui:rith'--tt, that these resolutions b,
sent to our auuual confer-mee, ami
be given as wide publicity as j o-sible."
UNABLE TO SEE
I snflerl with Ecienaof tba orst kind,
ru fuce a-J nuvk down to my tLouldjrs were
one iii-.lamniatiun, wan ti"t aMe to see out of
hiy ee fur ipiito a wh.le, an.l waj una He
to sleep tr weeks, on account of thetever
Jain, h;(.ii nearly drove tne lni:;e. My face
and neck vers swollen and r.?a me look
hideous. Had thri'edoct' rs at il:"or;tittluies,
and not one ot thciucoui.l reiir.e ine of oiy
pain, tvi i.irg, and lil'che. I Used tbreo
to:t!es of Cron rA Ui sulvilvt, luurboxea
CcTHTRA (oinrtmnO, thrpe cakes of Ccn
ctka S"Ar, and my frif n Is i'.A one of !)
doctor a o'lrrisol, kLd ask' !, " Vbonired
you?" ar t I ted Uicra cuirk'.y, crncritx
Kfvtmk " J. V. KAFi'.A.
March i, 1J7. SI 8cli ,!e St lsruuklyn, . Y.
PM th'oorV"'' th w4. Porrr Tl. i0. Cf if,
be I rop-, buAtozu -11k 10 (.tin Mi Dm,"
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