Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 198.
NEWS AND COMMENT.
Rkar AdmibalKchlev was given
ft cordial reception at Washington
last Friday ufternoon.
Assistant Naval Constkuctor
Hohson lias been recommended for
promotion to Naval Constructor.
At a mass-convention of the Popu
lists of Floyd county, Ind., last week,
Lieut. Hiouniond 1. Hobson was en
dorsed for the Presidency in 11)00.
The Congressional Committee to
report on a forn. of government for
Hawaii readied Honolulu August
17, and qualified the following clay.
Milks and Roosevelt are anxious
for an investigation of the numer
ous charges of neglect and incom
petency against the War Depart
ment. They will make public facts
and statistics about Santiago.
The Government is keeping pre
pared for another fight with the
l ..i i a t . t . . .
npaniarus. Aitnougn mere is no
suspicion of bad faith, a hitch might
possibly occur in the negotiations
between the peace commissioners.
Captain Duncan, of the Twenty
Second Kansas, the officer who par
ticipated in desecrating the grave of
a Confederate officer at t he Hull Bun
battlefield, has been court martialed
and sentenced to five years impris
onment. A careless trooper at Cavite fired
his revolver in such ctase proximity
to the natives that they showed fight
and had to be suppressed. Four na
tives and one trooper were killed
and three troopers and several na
Gen. Stone reports a state of
anarchy in the vicinity of Arecibo,
Porto Itico, since the withdrawal of
the Spanish troops. The people are
terrorized and are praying for Amer
ican protection. Guerrillas sacked
and burned a large plantation.
Gov. Hastings, of Pennsylvania,
carried 221 sick Pennsylvania sol
diers back to their homes in the hos
pital train, which he equipped with
$5,000 raised in half an hour at
Philadelphia. He received the suf
fering fellows from the Chlcka
mauga hospital in spite of the pro
tests of officials, against such a snip
ping of red tape. The train was
fitted up with every luxury.
Maj. Gen. Lawton assumed con
trol of affairs atSantiago last Friday,
after Gen. Shafter had embarked for
the United States, and is already re
laxing the stringency of military gov
ernment. Greater freedom 1b to be
given the merchants, especially in
the matter of wharfage and the re
lease of imports. The police force is
being reorganized, and the methods
of civil government will prevail as
far as practicable.
Ani now it turns out that Gen.
Miles notified the war department
of the terrible condition of affairs in
Santiago at least two weeks before
the appearance of the famous round
robin which led to the final removal
of the troops to Montauk Point. The
war department, however, accord
ing to Gen. Miles, suppressed the
dispatches and sent out garbled ex
tracts from them, where it allowed
anything at all to be said.
The wretched incompetence and
neglect which have resulted in so
much sullering, sickness and death
at the volunteer camps, have aroused
such indignation that only a thor
ough investigation to fix the respon
sibility will satisfy the public. The
New York State authorities decline
to make public the report of Surgeon
General Terry with reference to
Camp Thomas, but enough hus be
come known about it to show that it
revealed a condition of criminal
negligence that will be hard to ex
The probability of trouble witl
the Philippine insurgents seems to
be disappearing, a9 the Filipinos
realize that their interests are safe
under American control. Whether
Aguinaldo believes that his special
interests are likewise promoted by
American control, or whether
he has wisely concluded that oppo
sition would be foolhardy, he seems
to have yielded to the inevitable.
In an interview with Aguinaldo he
professes a desire that his army
should disband and return to the
provinces. He says he has not an
army, but only a rabble. He hopes
the United States will form a free
and liberal government in the
Philippines, and says the United
States can count ou his co-operation.
A Miserable Condition
IN Ollt MILITARY HOSPITALS
And lamp The Aliiiiiiltruti"ii Severe
ly OiiHiirei' for Hie Neglect ami Incom
petency Which Iliiv ('mixed IIih Death
of Hundred of Our Krave Soldier.
1 he gross negligence and incom
petency of the War Department, ap
parent at the various camps of
mobilization, and the cruel and
shameful treatment of our soldiers,
have called forth the condemnation
of the entire country, and not only
of this country but of other nations
lothis Administration is directly
chargeable the deaths of hundreds
of soldiers who should be alive to
day, and the physical wrecks of
thousands of others, who, if they had
been pronely attended to. would
now be in good health. Column
after column in the daily newspapers
tell harrowing tales of the anguish
and misery of the brave men who e"
listed to fight the battles of the
greatest nation on earth, and who
are now in contact with a foe more
pitiless than the Spaniards. The
Philadelphia Press, . Postmaster
General Smith's paper, which would
certainly be slow to criticise the
Administration or any part of it, has
from its New York correspondent a
two-column account of the suffering
at Camp WikofI, Montauk Point,
from which we take some extracts:
It would be too harrowing to go into
details. Home of the stories of Spanish
dungeons are no more sickening than
some of the experiences of these soldiers.
A physical! who was at the wharf when
the transport Mobile reached Montauk
and who saw the soldiers disembark,
said that not a person within his view
who looked at those emaciated, weak.
dazed and yet uncomplaining soldiers,
could keep back the tears of sympathy
which welled up in their eyes. The
same physician said that he had seen
many narrowing scenes and
in the centre of much distress in times
of epidemic or of accident, but he never
witnessed what he witnessed tn the
camp at MontaiiK on saturaav last, it
not only made him in physically, but it
almost broke his heart to think that
these brave men, through negligence,
incompetence, red tape or official Jeal
ousies were being compelled to suffer
everything hut ignominy. ... It
made a veteran physician of this city so
angry that he almost forgot himself, and
snoke in passion to some of those in au
thority of the camp, to learn that com
missaries were not permitted to grant
reipiis'tion for new and healthful rations
simply because the old rations had not
been exhausted. When the physician
examined some of these old rations he
saw that they never would be exhausted
until corruption had finished the work,
which it had already begun. Then,
again, others spoke to the newspaper
correspondents who aro at the camp,
saving that these regulars, who stormed
the block-house at San Juan, who were
live days in the trenches, drinking rain
water which thev caught in their hands
or improvised cups and eating the pith
of a w ild grass, which grew in abund
ance there, were without any complaint
ii "Kiln (injur r- mW'
fV McDowell. Oh! My dear Carmack, I forgive you all, take me as
Carmack. Don't mention it Jehazy; come on back.
Ogilvie aud Flatt. (iu chorus) Me tco! Me tto!
I'ccptiiiir l.overnment rations which
ought to have been thrown into the sea ;
h iid t hey asked the correspondent if
thev would not innke an appeal for the
regulars . . . The word "shame" is
fn uncut Iv heard as thouir''. it were a cry
ing national disgrace that human
thin is, to say nothing of citizens of the
1' n .ted States who are brave soldiers,
have been compelled to suffer as so
many of the Santiago army have suf
fered, not inevitable, but needless suf
fering. Here is wh:t the New lork Her
'Che sufferings to which Weyler sub
jected the reeonceiitradoes were no
greater than those now indicted upon
our own gallant troops by ignorance,
incompetence and in some instances
heartless indifference in ollicial circles.
. . After all these weeks of time
for preparation we have the vessels
that arrived at Montauk yesterday and
on Monday night bringing hundreds of
sick soldiers who cannot be landed be
cause I here is no hospital accommoda
tion for them, and, I'ol. Forwood reports
(H) sick soldiers now sleeping on the
tloor because there are no cots. The
charge that the water supply at Mon
tauk is impure is denied by toe authori
ties, but the presence of more than 2(10
cases of typhoid fever and the raoid in
crease in the number are, to say tne
least, suspicious. The surgeons refused
to permit the Ited Cross Society to
erect the distilling plants it had pur
chased and the useor which would have
given assured purity to the water.
The milk in the hospital wards could
not be preserved from souring until
private charity a few days ago furn
ished lefrigerators as well as needed
supplies. So lax are the hospital meth
ods in the matter of keeping records
that we are told of relatives unable to
learn whether the soldier they sought
were a patient or not of bodies sent
away for burial with no mark of identi
fication than a tag bearing the last name
only. From nearly every camp and
hospital come the story of mismanage
ment on the parlof tneauthorities.laek
of necessaries and needles suffering
among the soldiers, sick and well.
A Preacher' Denunciation.
The Rev. R. F. Garrett, pastor of
the First Baptist church, of Chat
tanooga, has written a letter, in
which he says:
"I want to commend the press of the
country for its course in exposing the
cruel and criminal treatment of the
sick at Camp Thomas. The writer has
in a quiet way made some inquiries,
both among officials and privates, as
well as personal observation, and the
conviction grows upon him that no
atrocities perpetrated by the Spaniards
upon Cuban reconcentrados surpass in
cruelty the treatment the sick soldiers
have received at the hands of those who
swore to do their duty by them.
"The men have seen so much of the
hospital horrors that they are afraid to
say they are sick for fear of being sent
to'them, and keep going as long as they
can stagger rather than run the risk of
being sent to them. The other day an
Ohio boy whom I know came to my
door sick with the fever, and I asked
him why he had not told tne doctor he
was sick, lie replied: 'Hecausa he
would have sent ino to the hospital, and
would have died there.' Of the doz
ens I have talked to I have not found a
man. officer or private, who did not con
demn the way some of the hospitals
have been managed and the treatment
patients have received.
The excuse has been made that the
hospitals are overcrowded and the sup
pi v of nurses limited. Then why is it
that every offer of assistance by our
people is' curtly refused? Why' Is it
that when some of the best aud noblest
women in Chattanooga offer their ser
vices they aredeelined? Trained nurses
they may not be, but far superior to the
rough ambulance corps, composed of
men who never nursed a patient in their
lives. And if the hospitals are so over
crowded, why is it that when cur peo
ple offer to take these sick boys into
their homes and nurse them hack to
health, a labor of love, it is almost im
possible to get them?
"I know of numbers of instances
where these soldiers, strangers though
they were, . have been taken into the
hollies of our people and nursed as ten
derly as if children of the homo, with
out money and without price. ' urn-
hers of our best homes would be open to
them ; numbers of our best people would
count it a privilege to care for them,
and if they could get them without be
ing bullied and insulted by those iu
charge of them."
Tim Administration Denounced.
Washington, Aug. 28. All the
officials here, from the highest to the
lowest, are denying responsibility
for the terrible condition of atl.iirs
iucainpsand hospitals among our
soldiers. It is a lamentable and un
deniable fact that thousands of
United States soldiers hava died
within the last sixty days because of
the want of proper care, treatment
and diet. Thousands more are sick,
and many will die, owing to the
same cause, The indignation in the
Fast against the Administration
is simply intense. The soldiers are
writing home io their relatives and
friends, and they all tell the same
terrible story. They are sick and
famishing lor the want of pure food
and water and efficient medical
treatment. Their stories of sutfer
ing are a disgrace tD the Adminis
tration and a hame on manhood.
Some one is to blame for ttiis hor
rible condition, and w'ule those in
authority may deny their responsi
bility, the facts will all come out in
good time. This Government is
great aud rich, and could supply
every comfort and luxury to those
brave men who risked their all in
defense of the flag and the country,
and that they should be allowed to
sutler and die for want of the nec
essaries of life is as startling as it is
Then it is known that millions of
dollars have been expended in the
War Department, and contracts
given to Administration pets aud
favorites to supply the very articles
so much in need. Instead of doing
this, however, the contractors have
salted down the money, robbed the
Government and starved the sol
diers. The record Is a disgraceful
and frightful one, and in the end the
colois of the McKlnley Aumistra
tlon will not fly so high. The peo
pie will soon learn or the whole out
rageous business which is already i
public scandal, not only at home
Horrible Cane of Malpractice.
Chickamauga Park, Aug. 27. A
horrible case of malpractice has been
reported from one of the hospitals
A poor, sick fellow was brought in
from one of tho regiments with
raging fever and in great pain. The
young surgeon, or rather assistant
was sent to attend the case, and
diagnooed it - as appendicitis. The
chief surgeon examined the case and
decided that it was not appendicitis
He instrncted the assistant not to
operate on the patient.
The chief surgeon soon afterward
went out, and the young purgeon
summoned another young medical
student, and, in the interest ol
science, the two performed a delicate
operation upon the poor soldier
The result was that they found they
were mistaken, and the undertaker
was called for to haul the poor fellow
One of the latest outrages to devel
op at Camp Thomas ia that at one of
the hospitals a few nights ago the
nurses, stewards and surgeons en
gaged in a big poker game and be
came so lost in admiration of a two
story iaekpot that they could no
find time to attend the sick, who
spent the night moaning and crying
A reputable gentleman of this city
was at Chickamauga Park a few days
ago and was in conversation with
the surgeon of one of the New York
(Continued to Fourth Page.)
one of thy hired servants.
WILL HAYE A
owler Acceeds to McMil
HKIIVTE WIIL OI'KN IX MEUl'lllS
On Tueaday, September II, anil li.e nt
Nahville, October 'i'.i Forty Speeches
Will lie Mule Thti Candidate Will Ite
In Col ii mil a, Friday. Octoher 14.
Hon. Benton McMillin, Democrat
ic nominee for Governor, and Hon.
James A. Fowler, the nominee of
the Republican party for the same
office, will make a joint canvass of
the State, beginning September at
Memphis and closing October 2i at
Nashville. Forty speeches will be
made by each candidate at as many
different points. All arrangements
for the joint canvass were completed
last Friday night at a conierence
held in Nashville between Messrs.
C. R. McCall and Abram M. Till
man, representing Mr. bowler, ami
Hon. Morgan c. HtzpatricK ana
Judge John W. Childress, repre
senting Mr. McMillin. Mr. McMil
lin wanted fifty-five speeches, but
Mr. Fowler's friends would only
agree to fo'ty.
Alter some nuttier discussion tne
following agreement was made as to
times and places for the joint can
"The following appointments are
hereby announced for a jolntdiscussion
between the lion. Uenton MCMUIlii anu
the Hon. James A. Fowler, the candi
dates for Governor respectively of the
Democratic and Republican parties for
the State of Tennessee:
Memphis Tuessday, September o.
Ripley Wednesday, September 7.
Dyorsbiirg Thursday, September 8.
Union City Friday, "September i.
Trenton -Saturday, September 10.
Paris Monday, September li
Huntingdon Tuesday, September 1.1.
Lexington Wednesday, Sept'ber 14.
Selmer Thursday, September 15.
Savannah Friday. September hi.
Chattanooga Monday, September 19
Dayton Tuesday, September 20.
Harriman Weduesday, September 21
Cleveland Thursday, September
Athens Friday, September 23.
Madisonville Saturday, Sept'ber 24,
Knoxville Monday, September 21.
Marvville Tuesday, September 27.
MorrUtown Wednesday. Sept'ber 28.
ew port Thursday, rseptemtior at
(reenville Friday, September 30.
Joneshoro Saturday, October 1.
iilountville Monday, October 3.
Hogersville Tuesday, October 4.
Murfreesboro Thursday, October ti.
Shelby ville Friday, October 7.
Manchester Saturday, October 8.
McMinn ville-Monday, October 10.
Winchester Tuesday", October 11.
Fayetteville Wednesday, October 1
Lewisbnig Thursday, October 13.
Columbia Friday, October 14.
Lawreiieeburg Saturday, October 15
Franklin Monday, October 17.
Centerville Tuesday, October 1.
Waverly Wednesday, Octoher lf.
Clark s ville Thursday, October '-(.
Lebanon Friday, October 21.
Liberty Saturday, October 22
Nashville Monday, October 21.
Mom ian C. Fnv.i'ATKicK,
Chairman State Democratic Kxecutive
.). C. It. McOai.i,,
Chairman Republican State Campaign
THE PEACE COMMISSION.
The President Iteacliecl a Decision lat
Washington, Aug. 5 Following
are the commissioners definitely de
cided upon by the President, to
negotiate a treaty of peace between
the United States and Hpain:
SECRETARY WILLIAM R. DAY,
SENATOR CPS H MAN K. DAVIS, of
SENATOR WILLIAM P. (11 Y E, of
JFSTICE EDWARD DOl (J LAS
WHITE, of Louisiana.
MR. WHITELAW REID, of Jew
Garwood'sSarsaparilla tor the blood
guaranteed to cure. a. .d. wains.
THE PHILIPPINE ISSUK.ENTS.
Aguinaldo Want a lCeireentaUve at the
I'arla l'cace Conference.
The natives around Manila are re
turning to peaceful pursuits, lhe
seat of Aguinaldo's "government"
has been removed twenty miles
north and the intervening territory
is free of insurgents. Trenches are
being torn away and the fields are
being cultivated again.
Aguinaldo has not yet divested
himself of the notion that he is one
of the great Powers. He now pro
poses to send a representative to the
Paris Peace Conference to argue his
claims for the establishment of an
inurgent republic. He will shortly
assemble at Malolos a congress cho
sen from the leading Filipinos who
favor the insurgent cause.
1'EAIE FOUTHEirOWr KS.
Czar of HutmlR l'lojioaea Holding an
trrnut lonal Trace t oiilercnce.
Loxnox, Aug. 28. In a note from
Count MuravUlf, the Russian for
eign minister, to the foreign diplo
mats at pi. Petersburg, the Czar
maker a proposition for the holding
of an international conference for
the put pose of securing real and last
ing peace among the Powers and the
tti initiation of the progressive in
crease in armament Coming from
such a quarter and with such evi
dent sincerity of purpose, it is likely
that the proposition will have im
Royal make the loed pure,
wholesome and deliclou.
ROVAl BAKING POMtEH CO.. NEW VOM.
MOTHER A NO SISTEKS INSANE.
Melancholy Work of the War Depart
ment's IiiI'mmi him Work.
Makiktt. O., Aug. 27. The
mother and two sisters of Oakey P.
Fiddy of the Eighth Ohio, who, it is
reported, died of starvation on n
transport while coining home from
Cuba, have become insane through
horror and grief at the death of the
young man aud the maimer in which
Mrs. Kddy is about 5(5 years old
and her favorite child was the boy
who died at sea. Her son left Ma
rietta about a year ago and went tt
East Liverpool, where he enlisted on
the breaking out of the war in the
8th Ohio, which was sent to Cuba.
A letter received here today from a
comrade of Eddy's says:
Privates Rouse and Eddy, who
died on the way home, succumbed
from the effects of starvation, and
over 300 meii in the regiment, are
seriously ill, although only 130 are
reported as being in that condition.
The Mohawk left Cuba on August 8,
and ever since then the regiment
hus been ou short rations. I thought
our regiment had lived hard on trav
eling rations, but it was nothing like
I witnessed today on the Mohawk
with the 8th Oiiio. The men had for
supper soup and hardtack, lhe
soup was made from thirty-four
small cans of beef and twenty-four
cans of tomatoes. This was intend
ed for 1,200 men, some of whom were
so sick and weak that they could
scarcely hold up their heads."
On one occasion, the writer says,
the food became so bad and scarce
that some of the men of the 8th made
vigorous objection. There were a
large number of them. For this they
were placed under arrest aud put on
duty cleaning up the ship.
PRO EESSINU HIS FAITH .
Kx-tiov. Matthew., ol' Indiana, l'ae
Into the (iut. lteyond.
Winuatk, Isi., Aug. 28. At 6:30
o'clock this morning at the quitt
Meharry homestead where he was
taken immediately alter his sudden
uniietion, ex-Uov. Claude Matthews
passed away peacefully, surrounded
oy his wife and all tin; other mem
be is of his immediate family.
'l'lieie was pi ayrr service accom
panied by th singing of hymns at
the bedside of the 'lying ex-governor.
Mrs. Matthewa was very much
ufiected and stated that she would
give anything in the world if her
husband would manifest by a single
word his lait!) in Jesus. About i
o'clock the minister In the course of
the su-vices asked (ho dying man if
he believed in Jesus.
The answer, us plainly as anyone
could articulate it was "yes."
The three physicians regarded
this answer as miraculous, as all
ugreed that the particular part of
the brain alfected by the paralysis
was that governing speech and that
the ex-goyernor would probably
never have talked had he lived. It
was the only word lie spoke after he
was stricken. He immediately
lapsed into a profound coma from
which he did not recover before he
passed away at (i:'J0 o'clock.
Gov. Matthews was born in Bath
county, Ky., the birthplace of Abra
ham Lincoln, Dec. II, 1845. He left
Kentucky in ,18'iS, and settled in.
Vermilion county, Indiana.
Mr. Matthews was elected Gov
ernor of Indiana in 1892. In 181)0 he-
was a conspicuous candidate for the
Democratic Presidential nomina
tion, and, after Bryan and Bewail
had been nominated, lie began it
brilliant canvass for them.
The FreemuHoiM. '
I)e Molay commandery, No. 8, of
Knights Templar, w ill hold a stated
conclave in the Masonic Temple
next Tuesday night, Hept. fi, at 7:30
o'clock, for business of importance-
o) A fo W
LOOKED LIKE RAW MEAT.
Our halw's face and ne' V wa all raw mpat,
and some hint; ,'nvful to look at. Ilia way '
that child suhVri'il, mother and child never
lad any rcit day or nipht a it fiMiitantly
itclml. aiid the Mood used to flow down her
chocks. We had doctors and the dilnsary
with no result. Vy usintc Ct'TteCBi KtX'l- '
VtNT, CI'TICCBA (ointment), and Cl'TICLRA.
SoAl', tile chihl iitm i nl in li heiilnl.
Jlra (jAKNJUS-S, ';l l S Hi-mi AeCniK1yi.
Mnrnti, tokao thai, warm bits nlh Crnrni
Rii', and .imttB anointinr wnti CLncriu, will wJ
Initint relief in Hie nut ilutrnn of aw tot. Mira-er.
arid aralr lnaolite huniofa of Iht akn ana aralav w.lta
loaf of bait, aoa lu aw Ihtm, la to fiul la row aal
Mdthrona-hotaltht world. P-nnDini iiCial.
loar.rrofaBgaU.U. XJowM Cut bajr Uaaur,hW