Newspaper Page Text
TTTTC COLUMBIA ITElMiMr: FWTAY. SEPTEMBER 2
HOW TO KEEP A GOOD COOK.
Mrs. A. How Jo you keep your good cook so long? I have had four in as many months.
Mrs. R It's simple enough; just buy a Buck's Steel Range.
NEW PATTERNS IN OPEN STOCK CHINA
AND DKt'Olt ATED SUM l-l'OHCELAN.
Indies who Imve had their health anil China broken liy careless servant cirls may now rejoice, odd
t li'S are fashionable and we have p ocun d some exquisite new patterns wliicli you can buy in anv
quantity a simile cup or half dozen fruit plates, an extra platter or a set of vegetable dishes. Then if
you really want a good girl, and want her u stay with you, buy a
Buck's Strel Range,
or a Buck's Cooking Stove, aud you will find all sweetness and happiness in your kitchen.
Ol' It Si'OVKS .X NO IHNliKS AUK NO T HIGH IN I'HUK.
WE DO NOT ALLOW YOU TO PAY TUB HAD BILLS OF OTHERS, AS WE SELL FOR CASH
only and give you the whole benefit.
F. I. CRAY,
r e( tc.r i i i n ry
Graduate and Medalist. of the' Ontario
Veterinary College, Toronto, Oa'nada.
Oflice : Harlan, Parks A Harlan's Stable.
Telrplione o. 8. jcnovl2.
Watchmaker and Jewelejr, "
And dealer In ' ,
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry'
Fine watch and Jewelry ,
repairing a specialty.
Bethell Block, t '" COLCMIJIA, TENr
Dr: W. M. B1DDL
Office: Corner High and Eighth Streets
Office hours : 8 to 103 to 4.
Dr. M. P. r.lerrill,
Office over Dr. Williamson's office, Ga
SITR0U80X1DE GAS FOR PAINLE88 EX
TRACTION OF TEETH.
Office Hours- :00 a.m. to 5:30 p. m.
Dr. Jos. T. ttleadors,
Garden Street, between "th and 8th. .
Columbia, : Tenn.
Telephone No. 72,
J. A. TI:
augl3iy, . COLUMBIA, f ESS.'
. ' - ;
. . . . i
Louisville and Hashvllle Division.
No. 8 leaves....... .. t:W p. m
No. 4 leaves. 6:82 a. m
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 6:15 pi HV
No. " " leaves... 6:00 a. jn
No. 8 (fast line) leaves. .1....... .10:25 a. m
No. 1 (fast line) -leaves.;..'. J!;6o a. n
No. T (Tusrumblaand Nashville
Accommodation)' arrives SS0 a. m
No. 6 (Pulaski Acco'n) leaves....' 7iU p. tl
Nathville ami Florence.Dlvlalon. "
SOUTH I "
No. 7 Accommodation, leaves. ...10:28 a'. Bb.
. worths , . . ' i
No 8 Florence Accommodation,' ' :
between TusfilimUia and
Nashville, arrives.....'.; 60 p. n
Nashville, Chattinoot; St. Louis Ball-road-
Duck Klver Valley Division...
' EAST. "v.:
No. 1 leaves....;;....... ,.;-.: ! a. m
No. S leaves a . i. ....7KX) p. m
'.- WKST. . . '
No. 1 arrive .. ........ !00 p. m
No. i arrives :2 m.
Close connection Is made with ihrongl
trains on the Louisville and NashvllW an
Great Southern Railroad . v. '. -
COLUMBIA MAKKET KEPORT.
Corrected weekly by ' McKenncn A
Nichols and R. Holding.
Country 1'roOuce . " ......
Cotton H 5
Sorghum, from wagon ,. ltffl UP
Butter , .. W 10
Eggs ' f lo
Wool 5 25
Ginseng 2 00 2 25
Hens 1 2li
Shoulders Vi 6
Clear sides tiSf-iS 7
Hams t P.'j
Field Seeds. -
Crimson Clover 3 50
Blue Grass 1 25(8 1 50
Orchard Grass 1 50
Timothy 1 Ni
Red Top 76
Grain and Hay.
Wheat t5H. 62
Corn : 3oi So
Hay Clover, from wagon.... 5i is
Timothy ,lroin wagon. 50 6r
Lard, from wagon 7
Flour, per bbl 3 7554 25
Sugar, granulated 5a tH
Ooflee KM 2i
Neal,trom mill HQ 5u
AGENTS C RESENT BICYCLES.
HARDWARE. QUEENS WARE, STOVES AND TINWARE.
F A KM I NG SUP I LIES, NEW TENNESEE WAGONS. Jg
Agricultural and Liye
"Laying by" a crop should never
be done only under compulsion.
Any crop Is, benefited by cultivation
as long as the weeds grow. It is
never too late to cultivate potatoes as
long as the tops do not' eover the
The farmer who sends his dull
band or careless boy to do his plow
ing commits a very serious mis
take, for gvd plowing lies at the
very foundation of good farming.
In short, the art of plowing is too
A dry rojm, where they are free
from freezing, is the proper place to
stow away potatoses and other root
crops. If you have any other place
at all suitable, do not store them in
the cellar; they need perfect dry
ness to prevent rot, and this is not
often attainable in the house cellar.
General prosperity depends abso
lutely upon agricultural prosperity.
The largest market for the products
ot the farm and the manufactory is
undeniably the home market, while
the export trade is the regulator
the balance wheel for domestic sales.
It is of the utmost interest to both
the farmer and the manufacturer
that our trade with other countries
be kept growing, for only by this
means will these classes, which
comprise more than half the popula
tion, have increasing power to buy
the country's manufactures. Our
agricultural Imports are compara
tively quite small in quantity.
Every hour the soil is left uncov
ered it is losing a portion of its
nitrogen. Its humus is being brok
en down and disintegrated, and the
mineral plant food held in it is be
ing washed deep into the soil or dis
solved and washed entirely away by
the floods. The longer a soil has
beei .covered by a free and ungath
ered growth the more power has it
acquired to produce crops.
A spray pump will effectually
change the course of a flying swarm
of bees. They can be driven like a
flock of sheep, In any chosen direc
tion, and can be maae to alight on
any tree preferred.
.1 Comb building is costly to the bee
Jt.ee.per,.. as each pound of comb is
estimated to cost the same amount
of labor as goes to the making of 10
pounds of honey. A lower price can
well be accepted for extracted
Robbing seldom takes Dlace if
colonies are in proper condition in
every respect. It most frequently
.haunens at the end of the honey sea
Lson, a the swarming colonies some
times become queenless and fall a
prey to attack. .
Wbeat.is usually a good crop
when it follows potatoes, and this
can be attributed, to nothing but the
thorough preparation or 'ne son.
Tbe cultivation of the potato crop
has worked up the ground thorough
ly and put it in perfect tilth, as deep
or deeper than it was plowed in the
spring. The ground is stirred again
when the potatoes are dug, and by
the time the wheat is sown there is
not a clod Id the ground, even at the
depth of eisht or ten inches. On
such a seed bed wheat does best. As
gqod crops could be grown without
the potatoes if the same work was
done in preparation. Wheat ground
should be plowed at least twice, and,
with the modern tools at hand, there
is no excuse for lumpy ground or a
small crop of wheat in a good sea
son. A wheat plant has a poor
chance if it has to make its way
around a clod before it can reach the
surface. Let us learn the full worth
of our disc harrows, clod crushers
and smoothing harrows.
Tight stable floors, with good
drainage, are best. Thoroughly
drench them, with water every few
days, and then sprinkle with plaster
to remove the common pungent odor
so offensive to the lungs and eyes of
horses. A poor floor is a wasteful
In every community we hear of
the loss of fat ho;s during the sul
try davs of summer. If there are no
shade trees in the pasture, sheds can
be cheaply and profitably construct
ed for them, and they can be placed
just where they are wanted.
The man who keeps cattle, sheep
and hogs, and breeds his work mares
regularly, has his business so ar
ranged that money is coming in at
all seasons. His cattle and wool go
to market in the spring and early
summer, and his hogs and mutton
sheep go in the fall and winter. If
prices are not the best lor all, they
are sure to be good for one thing or
another. H!s corn and hay are all
fed. and he still has his wheat to
sell for cash. His income comes to
him at such times that he has no use
for the money lender, and he has no
notes to meet or interest to pay.
It will be a good day for the'cattle
business when the horns disappear
altogether It i now the exception
to see them go to the buyer with the
horns on. For this revolution thtr j
has been a cause, for it has not been
a matter of fancy, such as breeding
the spots off hogs. Horns on cows
are more than a superfluity; they
are a nuisance and a menace.
The farmer with a level head is
the man who is trying to get somn
good stock on his farm. A great
many thousand dollars' worth of
rough feed is actually and absolute
ly wasted on our Western farms
each year. The right kind of grow
ing stock puts a prompt stop to this
While the dairy farms may not
give as large yearly yield in money
as those devoted to grain, they are
worked at a much less expense in
labor and tools, and give as large
clear income; and then the land is
tlm trainer all the time.
One really good cow will furnish
as much milk as two ordinary ones,
while the one will cost but half as
much as the two for keeping. In
the latter case the profit all goes in
keeping the extra cow. If we would
prosper we must keep our wits
You can not get up a good reputa
tion as a butter maker if you let the
cream stand for days before churn
ing; you can not churn but once a
week and succeed. It is equal to
folly to produce milk only to let it
be depreciated by standing a little
while in a filthy stable or in vpssels
which give it a bad odor. This is
the cause or most of the rancid but
ter. Again, the air is full of bacte
ria, and the filthier the cow, the
mnker and his hands, the stable and
its atmosphere and all of the envi
ronment, the more numerous will
be these deleterious organisms in
the milk, and the quicker will it
sour in usual conditions.
If milk is promptly cooled when
drawn with ice or spring water to a
point below 65 degrees, bacterial ac
tion will not set in within any ordi
nary space of time, and there would
be no trouble from sour milk what
ever. This point is of the utmost
importance to farmers and dairy
men. In the summer soiling will enable
one to maintain the land better than
it can be done by pasturing, but
most farmers are not yet ready for
this. Home winter dairying will
enable .one to feed all farm products
to better advantage, to make butter
with profit, and to accumulate more
manure for enriching the fields than
can be done when the stock runs
Capons become plump and com
mand a price in market much above
other poultry. They grow in weight J
aoout one-tniru more than they
would if not Thus treated, and their
flesh remains sweet, tender and
juicy, tasting almost exactly like
that of a young chicken, it will
pay any one near a city market to
buy up cockerels in the country
around, caponize them and feed
them until next February or March.
Those earliest in market command
very fancy prices. In the West the
taste for capons has not yet been
cultivated, but in the East they are
in quick demand. From their "lazy
disposition, they will put on more
weight from a given amont of food
than any other kind of poultry.
Juring the moulting period it is
not possible for the hen to eat
enough to furnish material for her
new feathers and to supply the con
stituents for eggs at the same time.
During this period it will pay to feed
them well, for otherwise she will
enter the winter in poor condition
and will not produce eggs.
iiu on every three year old
Young blood tends to profit
poultry us wmi all other stock.
Do your best for the biddies, and
they will do their hvt f.r
Chopped raw onions thrown to them
iwu or mree times a week serve as a
stimulant to the circulation and an
Throw the coal ashes on the chick
en house floor, for they are absorb
ent, unci will keep the air pure. Be
ware of wood ashes, as the alkali
frees the ammonia in the droppings
and makes matters worse than they
would be without the ashes.
If turkeys are fed grain at home in
the mornings they may form the
h .hit of staying away at night; if
fed at night only, they will alwavs
come home to roost.
Always plow the garden
tne ran, and leave no green
or perennial plants in close
touround intended to he
with cabbage, tomatoes or other
t-lauts among which cut worms do
damage. After that frequent plow
ing and close hunting seem to be the
only ways to eradicate them.
The wise gardener crops closely.
Idle lands breed mischief. Let one
crop follow another quicklv, for de
lay means a crop of weeds in which
there i3 uo profit.
It is not necessary to use Paris
green on the gooseberries or currants
to destroy bugs. Tobacco dust
sprinkled on the wet leaves will do
it effectually, and unleached wood
ashes is au excellent remedy.
Shorter trees better stand the
storms; and then, in order to use the
sprayer effectually, we should train
our trees to low heads, shortening in
the branches annually, so as to pro
duce low, spreading tops.
wild strawberries where the ground
had been burned over in the fall.
Many growers mow their beds after
fruitage and burn them over when
dry. This is usually done in July or
early August, and the new plants
start up vigorously after a -ain.
liust aud fungi upon the plants are
destroyed, as well as many insects
and their eggs. Often this would
better be deferred until September,
even until plants had been taken out
for new beds. Then the roots are
not SO likelv to be hnrmnH h. hni
8un,.and there is better reason to ex
pect showers; we shall, in any event,1
"'Duieuevy aews to rerreshen
the SOil about: th rmmi.
row and then this work Is deferred
even until KVhmurtr nr
. . ..... j . iiiniLij, auu
aone as soon as thn woorij unri irru
---w wuitj hum aiuoo
CASTOR I A
Tor Infanta and Children
The Kind You Hare Always Bought
"Thank liod fur Mother'
After one of th hint
the war a Confederate chaplain was
Called haatllv tn aaa o ...1.1;
Taking his hand, he said:
eu, my orotner, what can I do for
He supposed, of course, the young
fellow would want to crv to God for
Help in his extremitv: hut it a
"Chaplain." said hp. r
cut a lock of my hair for my mother;
and then, chaplain, I want you to kneel
down and return thanks to (iodforme.
r or giving me suoli a mother. Oh,
she is a good mother. II
are inv comfort now. Anri n.o.,
Iain, thank God that by II is grace I am
n cuiiMiHii; nat would I do now if I
were not a christian? And thank Him
tot IflVlOl m rlvintr tr.-u. II i .
this hard bed feel 'soft as downv pillows
are.' And oh. chanl
the promised ho
'Alld SO." SHIrl Ills ohinlal,, 111 1 1
ed by his bed with not a petition tn nt.
ter. onlv nraUea unri I h u 1. 1, ; ...
a good mother, a christian hope, dying
grace ami an eternal home in heaven."
A Wonderful Discovery.
Tlie last quarter of a century records
many wonderful discoveries in medicine,
but none that have accomplished more for
humanity than that sterling old household
remedy, Browns' Iron Hitters. It seems to
contain the very elements of good health,
and neither man, woman or child can take
it without deriving the greatest benefit.
Browns' Iron Bitters is sold hv all dealers.
Sjiain Wants the Uones of Columbus.
An agitation has been started here
for the purpose of inserting in the
treaty or peace a clause providing for
the return to Spain of the remains of
Christopher Columbus, lest they should
he used by the United States as a trophy
of war or else leased to liaruum as a
feature of his traveling show, which
would be a scandalous profanation. It
Is equally out of the question to leave
them in Havana in charge of the trait
If the United States gives way to this
demand on the part of Spain it will be
the fifth journey undertaken by the
illustrious navigator since his death.
Dying at Valladolid, . he was buried
there. Three years later he was ex
humed and taken to a convent at Sa
ville; thence, thirty years later, he was
tiansferred to the Island of San Do
mingo, and when the latter was ceded
by Spain to France by the treaty of
Basle, just 100 vears ago, the body was
transferred to Havana.
It is to be hoped that if he is now
taken back to Spain he may at length
enjoy that eternal rest which is gen
erally understood to be the right of
those who have died at peace both with
Ood and man. i Madrid cable to the St.
If a woman is in good health there is
no more healthful employment than
housework. Generally spe'aking, there
is no happier Woman in the world. But
how different when everv breath is
pain, every step torture! "This state of
health, in nine cases out of ten. comes
from derangements of the delicate,
feminine' organs of generation. The
family doctor inquires tirst concerning
these. He most usually insists upon an
examination. From this the modest
woman naturally shrinks. She is right.
Kxcept in very" unusual cases of "fe
male weakness" examinations are un
necessary. lr. Pierce's Cavorite Pre
scription is a simple, natural remedy
for these ills It cures safely, Iperma
nent'v. Send ''1 one-cenl Alumna f r
cover cost of mailinu; only, and receive
free a copv of Dr. 1'ierce s Medical Ad
viser. Address. World' Dispensary
Medical Association, Buffalo, X. Y.
lartje package or the wnrM's txt eiar"et
foi h nk-keL still Kreiittreomimny in 4 pound
psctaire. All grocers. Made only by
TUB . K. PAIR BANK COMPANY,
Chicago. St. Loul3. Nes Vork. Boston, PliUidelpbla.
AVcgc tabic Preparation for As -similaling
ting the Stomachs and Dowels of
Opium.Morphinc nor Mineral.
f firm Set J -CltnUtd
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
ness and LOSS OF SLEEP.
facsimile Signature of
exact copy or wrapper.
yrTTrTTrMHtiiiiiiMiiiiiHHtnitiM'iiM'iii'Hniiiii'iiimttiiiiii'iiii nTifflwfev; , ii t l
1 1 pi m
Rlirrova nnJ TUnn.
aiso meaium and cheaper grades Latpsfr
HlluVtJi'eS'gf,"- rge ockofaAesfrprit
Satterfield & Dodson
THE REJUVENATED LIVEK.
(The story was originally told hv Wizard
r.ilison on one of his phonoirruph cylinders
ami is duly authenticated.
There was a man whose liver ran
A little out of gear,
Who exercised and advertised
In papers far and near
(The first to try home remedy ;
The last in sheer despair.)
One happy day, some time in May,
A decade past or two,
He found a spring a happv thing
The woodland running through,
Where water-sprites in their mad Ilights.
Sure cure for livers brew.
His liver grew as good as new
On this amazing water;
He told mankind of his great find
And shared it, as he oughter,
With all who had the liver fad,
And gave the disease no quarter.
The people came with loud acclaim
From many miles around;
Unanimous and clamorous,
And made their livers sound,
And blessed for ave the happy day
When he this great soring found.
When one fine day he passed away,
This hearty, hale old cub,
His liver eprv refused to die.
Nor would it "kick the tub"
They had to rout that liver out
And kill it with a club!
Henry E. Warner in Baltimore News,
CUBAN OIL cures
Cuts, Burns. liruises. Rhon.
matism and Sores. Price, 25 cents.
Sold by A. A. UA1XS, Columbia, Tenn.
The Greatest Miracle.
Bie'r Johnsing We had a now'fnl
fine sermon to-day.
Hre'r Whiting Wha' was it 'bout?
Rre'r Johnsintr 'Rout rfp mir'oi.
ob de Lawd feedin' flbe pussons wid
tibe t ousand loans ob bread au five
baskets ob fishes.
Bre'r Whiting Wha' am de mir.
cle 'bout dat?
Rre'r Johnsinir De mirVi am
dey didn't bust.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
vm etwruw cowwmv. new vena eirv.
and New. (tHH.
Wise and Otherwise.
t Jh,;e 1351 bnsine,,8 faiIure8 ,
with AoS?,t8.teS .,,a8t -vear- compared
with 13,088 during the previous year.
Since 1853 the United States eovern-
oTsetedhsa8aenXi,e,nde.d, ,n th distribution
2tatuH. in .the Promulgation of
statistics concerning them $3,47(j,)i
Old Gentleman Weren't von kisin,
my daughter when I came P
oung man-Yes. sir. Have you anv
apology to make?-Truth. J '
JEhat s'' Ix),lis K'rl says she kissed Hob
wnKthe 8p.urofJ,he moment. After
this Hobson shouldn't wear his spurs
Herafd muBte.-Chlcago Times
i ' ' : Vrril"& . what's a
William n.Jl t
I T.l ...
" Homeining jou'll never
able to understand, mv bov. until ,
New8.UP gCt m,rriel-Chicago
"What a wonderful painter Rubens
remarked Mr. Jones at the a t
Si 1?T?- a V ssted Mrs. Jones.
It is said of him that he could change
a laughing face into a sad on hv
i"Kie Biroae. "Vfiv " spoke un
'!."J'.Vln.d.,sU9t "my choolma
van uu ill a I.
Father (severely )-Mv son this is a
disKraceful state of affairs. The report
says that yon are the last boy iu the
class of twentv-two. '
ijenry-it might have been
Father I can't see how.
Henrv Thar. ... i.. i. . i .
. .iiiK.ui nave neen I
boys in the class Norton Traveler
Rob Innersol recentlv was talkinv:
w ith au old colored woinu in Washmi:-
uyy.u religious matters. "Do
reallv believe. mi,i." .
, ....WJ, naid up, "
peop.e are made outof dust?" "Yesi
i sah !
It" "Rut what U Hnno i.. ....
" urn inere s nointng hut mud" '
truck0' mke ,nlUuls and
0 fa ' "