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TUB COLUMBIA HEltAX-u: 1UDAY, SEPTEMBER 18iS
comes the hen house should be fixed
to secure warmth if we expect eggs;
and then th way Borne people hesi
tate to whitewash would indicate
that it was expensive.
After yea s of experience in feed
ing everything we shall learn that
the basis of vigor in poultry is green
For ready cash business the bun
10 i din
can not be discounted. One variety
of owls for the farm is sufficient,
but do your beBt to keep that breed
pure. In any event, it is an easy
matter to breed up when a good
cockerel can be bought for two or
M tun Of J Xtsi
HOW TO KEEP A GOOD COOK.
Mrs. A. How do you keep your good cook so long? I have had
Mrs. R. It's simple enough; just buy a Buck's Steel Range.
NEW PATTERNS IN OPEN STOCK CHINA
AN I) DECORATED SEMI-POUCELAN.
Ladies who have had their health and China broken by careless servant eirls may now rejoice. Odd
styles are fashionable and we have procured some exquisite new patterns which you can buy in any
quantity a single cup or half dozen fruit plates, an extra platter or a set of vegetable dishes. Then if
you really want a good girl, and wapt her to stay with you, buy a
Buck's Strrl Range,
or a buck's Cooking Stove, and you will tind all sweetness and happiness in your kitchen.
Ol'It STOVKS AN!) KAMJKS A HE NOT HIGH IN I'MCK.
WE DO NOT ALLOW YOU TO PAY THE BAD BILLS OF OTHERS, AS WE SELL FOR CASH
only and give you the whole benefit.
I?. 13. ISrTiVY,
Graduate and Medalist of the Ontario
Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada.'
Office: Harlan, Parks & Harlan's Stable.
Telephone Ail. 2. nov!3. '
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer In
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Fine watch and Jewelry
repairing a specialty.
Betbell Block, : COLUMBIA, TEN
Dr: W. M. BIDDLE,
Office: Corner High and Eighth Street
Office hours: 8 to 103 to f.
New Fire Insurance Firm.
FRIERSON & TUCKER,
(Successors to Eugene Pillow.)
Representing the following companies:
jEtnn. German!. Trader Northwestern
Mutual. Commercial Union, ot .
London. H illlaiiinbiirn tlty. ,
See them before insvrino Hour property.
Dr. Jos. T. Itleadors,
Garden Street, between 7th and 8th.
Columbia, : Tenn.
Telephone No. 72, april8
j. a. titbdhib,
RAILROAD TIME TABLE.
LouUvllL and Nashville Division.
No. S leaves 6:85 p. n
No. 4 leaves '-
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 6:45 p. m
Uo. " leaves... 8:80 a. m
No. 8 (fast line) leaves 10:25.a. n
No. 1 (fast line) leaves..... ...... iM.. n
No. 7 (Tuscumbia and Nashville
Accommodation) arrives 9:80 a. m
No. 6 (Pulaski Acco'n) leaves.... 7:00 p. a
Nttxhvllle and Florence.DivUlon.
No. 7 Accommodation, leaves.... 10:28 a. n.
No 8 Florence Accommodation,
between Tuscumbia and
Nashville, arrives 8:80 p. m
Nashville, Chattanooga & 8t. Loot. Rail-road-
Duck Klver Valley Division.
No. 1 leaves :
No. 8 leavet 7:00 p. m
No. 1 arrive $;S$ P- m
No. 8 arrives" ' a. m
Close connection is made with througl
trains on the Louisville and Nashfille ane
Great Houthern rUllrnad
COLUMBIA MARKET UEPOBT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon &
Nichols and H. Holding.
Country Produce .
Sorghum, from wagon 180 ai
Butter.... 15 20
Kggs m It"
Wool 8 25
Ginseng 2 0002 26
Clear Bides Vi3 7
Hams 7X0 8
Crimson Clover 8 50
Blue Grass 1 25gl 60
Orchard Grass I 60
Timothy 1 W
Bed Top 76
Grain and Bay.
Wheat to W
Corn 30 36
Hay Clover, from wagon.... 60a t?0
Timothy , from wagon 60(3 6
Lard, from wagon 7
Flour, perbbl -3 76(24 25
Sugar, granulated fX 6H
Meal.trom mill .'. ifC W
AOEXTS CHESEVT BICYCLES.
HABDWXJlE. QUEENSWARE, STOVES AND TINWARE.
FAICMING SOPI-UKS, SEW TENXESBK WACOM. Tjlgpg
Agricultural and Liye
i . . Agriculture.
It la not wisdom to allow the soil
to become cracked at this time of
the year, because the cracks admit
air and hasten evaporation from
euch soil. Keep all these openings
cdosed with fine soil, filled into them
by frequent cultivation; and then if
cultivated soil dries off and remains
crusted after rains, enormous i the
amount of water which will evap
orate in a hot, windy day; it is
claimed that the amount will reach
100,000 pounds an acre. Stir it.
The theory that we must sow some
grain with clover will hardly held
water. Oats are just as hard on
clover as are weeds on a corn crop,
and they do not need shade any
more than does the corn. Let it
grow and stand alone, mowing off
the tops of the young weeds.
The man with a large farm does
not get rich because his farm is
large. Of two farmers with equal
mental and physical attainments,
the one with a small farm get more
comfort and satisfaction from his
work, and quite as much net profit
ae one who tills his very broad acres.
Most of our losses come from care
lessness. Alow spot in the corn
field which might be drained by
running a plow furrow through It, a
similar place in a wheat field where
the water will stand all winter, or
even a board off a fence or like
trivial thing, each mav lead to a
large loss in the end, and in almost
all case? this loss might have been
averted. . ,
Even if we have to wait until the
middle of August, sow the turnips
after a rain. If sown before a light
rain the seed swells and dies, if be
fore a heavy rain, a crust forms
which prevents the plants from
coming through, or it dries out and
stunts the tiny growths.
On good oil It should be the usual
thing to raise 100 bushels of com to
the acre. How to increase the aver
age yield should have our deepest
attention. We must not be slack in
draining, preparing nor cultivating.
We should break up the clay soils
in the fall. We should use all our
skill in selecting the seed, and
should broadcast all the fertilizer
needed. The harrow or cultivator
should be at work all the time. We
must brace up to the necessity of
thinning out the hills to two or
three stacks. Nor must we spars
ourselves if a little work Is demand
ed with the hands and the hoe.
There is no gain in small yields
Competition is going to make better
farmers of us. Tne roreigner, witn
his low prices, will swamp the
''Yankee'' who does not learn to
raise more than 100 bushels of pota
toes to the acre, or more than 30 or
40 bushels of corn.
Imported potatoes are not so good
as the home grown, and we need not
fear that we fehall be crowded out;
yet our farmers should be awakened
by the fact that enormous cargoes
are imported every year. Potatoes,
near a good market, are more profit
able than corn or wheat.
In more senses than one is the
average farmer content to go in the
old "rut:" but if he is still content
to haul his 20 bushels to market
where he might haul CO, let the wo
men take up the question of good
roads, for they have been prisoners
long enough through the long win
ters. Legislators will do nothing
until they are spurred to it by their
constituents. The old Romans, the
Peruvians and Mexicans were far
ahead of us in this regard, and their
Brand highways- astonished the
world. This enlightened generation
must get out or the mud.
Tin nnt force hoes to untidv house
keeping; it is not true that they take
to dirt and filth from choice. They
have a certain appreciation or clean
liness, and it is certainly conducive
to their health and thrift. Some
still cling to the idea that swill
must sour and decay before it is fed,
imaginin? tnat tne pigs rensn it
better. If such a barrel is kept at
all, let it be kept clean and sweet-
emptied and rinsed every day.
An acre of clover should sustain
elitht hogs from spring to fall. If
thev weigh, when turned in, 100
pounds each, they should easily
make another 100 during the season.
four in as many months.
This 800 pounds should be worth
about $40, already cut, stacked.
hauled and thrashed by the hogs.
An acre of corn might brimr 600
pounds of pork, but there would be
the expense of cultivating and har
vesting and feeding, and that would
make a large hole in the gross
Pigs always do better when raised
out of doors. The pure air which
they take into their system gives
new blood, strong vitality and a
great advantage in healthful diges
tion of food over those closely con
fined. This is one of the secrets of
Even when pigs are in the pasture
throw to then, all the roots, vege
table and waste material possible;
tney like the variety and will do
better. It is wise to so divide the
pasture lots that they may be out all
summer, for In the hot months the
grass gets very short and gives them
but lictle nourishment.
In winter hogs find a relish in clo
ver hay, and a little is both whole
some and nourishing; and, too, they
should be fed salt as regularly as
otlrV stock, though very few seem
to tnink so.
Rhubarb plant should have a
liberal covering of manure to in
duce them to make an early start in
the spring, and if they are protected
so that the ground will not freeze
about the roots they will furnish pie
material very early.
Every twining plant has its own
way of growing some with the sun,
some from left to right, and others
in the opposite direction, but the
direction of the stems of the same
species is invariably the same, and
it will resist every attempt to change
There is never anything gained by
hilling tomatoes or in trimming
them after they have a good growth.
Early pruning away of excessive
stems will, of course, throw more
vigor into the plant and bring moro
perfected fruit. Much is made of
transplanting plants once or twice
in the spring, but if the leggy plants
are buried half their length in the
ditch they will make equal head
way. All arbors and trellisses are pret
tier if made of light material. The
less conspicuous the support given
to vines of any kind the more attrac
tive they are. There i nothing
nicer than the modern way of giv
ing delicate climbers iron wire net
ting. Fruit, when canning, should be
cooked in the cans, no that none of
the delicate flavor be lost in the
steam and in the transfer from the
kettle. Do not try to utilize over
ripe fruit to keep it from wasting,
but use that which is fully matured
and soun 1. Put the fruit directly
in the jars as fast as prepared, fill
with syrup and place the lids on
loosely. Then set the jars in the
boiler or larire kettle of warm water
and heat sufficiently.
In the fall breeders are anxious to
sell their surplus stock, and will
take lower prices for it; it is a good
time to begin with standard fowls.
As a rule, farmers do not care for
fancy points, and can select good,
pure bred birds at prices for com
mon stock, and will have all that Is
desired. Breeders are always ready
to cull their flocks of imperfect
If a half a dozen pure bred birds
are bought in the autumn they will
become accustomed to their sur
roundings by spring, and will be
ready for business. At the close of
another season their owner may
have a good sized flock of pure bred
fowls, and can sell off all mongrels
as soon as they are done laying.
One ounce of meat three times a
week for each hen is a fair ration,
and almost ftuy farmer's lad could
supply that much rabbit regularly
the whole winter through. Many
firms prepare dried and ground meat
for poultry food.
Invest a dollar or two in oil meal
and feed it to the hens during the
next two months. By that time you
will become so well convinced of its
value that you will continue its use.
Winter is coming, and before it
A good time to begin straining the
milk is before the milking begins
by brushing the body, udder and
teats of the cow with a soft firm
brush in order to remove stray hairs
and loose dirt of any kind.
Chapped or cracked teats are
often avoided and the sores healed
by washing them in warm water
and pure soap, and, after wiping
them dry, dressing with vaseline.
This softens the skin and avoids
tearing oneu the sores and affords
relief to both the cow and the milk
er. Milk with dry hande always; if
you think you can not do this, learn
how. Even a little vaseiine on the
hands or teats for this purpose is
better than to wet the hands with
We can not control the markets,
but we can, to a great extent, con
trol production. Let us learn just
what our cows are doing, and weed
out those which do not yield more
than 4.000 pounds of milk or produce
more than 150 pounds of butter a
year; we would be alarmed to find
that this would probably mean th
slaughter of nearly half our cows;
but there would be more net profit
in feeding and milking the smaller
The cold days of January no long
er mean a shutting off the milk un
til spring. In these improved tiirns
a dry winter dairy is wholly optional
with the owner, for with warm
stables and good ensilage it is very
easy work keeping the cows yield
ing a generous flow. Dry up the
cowsifyou have nothing to feed
them but hay; all such nourishment
will be needed to keep them warm
aud in good condition.
A few days will make quite a
difference in the quality of corn fod
der; cattle will eat nearly the whole
of it if cut before it loses its bright
color and its succulent leaf.
Consider that wasted which is fed
to a poor class of cattle; it may as
well be left to rot, for in no circum
stances can it bring a profit, but the
same food fed to good stock will in
crease many fold in value.
Only the scrub farmer raises scrub
cattle. Cattle kept during the win
ter in a barnyard and fed from a
straw stack will not be the source
of any profit. He who does so is not
In cows for beef as well in those
intended for the dairy, milk giving
Is a desirable qualification. They
take on fat better and quicker, are
usually more gentle to handle, and
there ia a sweeter and more tender
qualitv of the flesh.
Since we feed the people over the
water so extensively, despite all our
assertions as to the best in style and
character among cattle, the whole
matter of values must in the end be
settled by the judgment of the
A thousand pound steer on foot is
worth, say $.50. Alter he Is slaugh
tered his meat, hid?, horns, hoofs,
tallow, etc., will bring two and a
half times that amount. This shows
that It would pay the producer to
turn manufacturer when possible,
and put his product directly before
the consumer. In no other way can
he get the ultimate profit.
It is just as well to plant and cul
tivate the ensilage coin so that it
will make ears; then it becomes an
important factor in lessening the ex
pense of the grain ration.
It has been held that consumption is
Hereditary, anu tne tacr that one person
of a family had died with consumption
was considered a sure sign that others
of that family could not escape it. This
is partly true and partly untrue. A man
with weak lungs is likely to transmit
that weakness to his children. Hut
there is no reason in the world why the
weakness should tie allowed to develop.
Keep the lungs full of rich, 'ed, whole
some blo-d, and the weakness will dis
appear. Decaying tissues will be
thrown off, and new mate-rial will be
added until the limes are well and per
fectly strong again. This is the thing
mat Dr. nerces uouien Medical Dis
covery does. This is what makes it
cure tW per cent of all cases of consump
tion where it is taken according to di
rections. It searches out disease germs
werever they may be in the body and
forces them out of the system. It sun-
plies the blood with rich, life-giving
properties. It makes the appetite good,
digestion perfect. Send 21 cents in one
cent stamps to World's Dispensary
nieaicai Association, niitiaio, J. x.
and receive Dr. Pierce's l008paire"Com
mon Sense Medical Adviser, ' profusely
A Possible Surplus.
The statisticians are beginning to
cunt up the cost ot our war with
Spain. All estimates made at the
present time are to be taken with
more or less allowance. On the
whole, however, we think it may be
said the sum of $200,000,000 will cover
the entire outlay directand indirect.
This is just the sum derived from
the sale of bonds, or rather that will
be derived when all the bonds shall
have been delivered and paid for.
The new taxes, In the meantime, are
pouring a steady steam of money in
to the Treasury. It was supposed at
nrst that tney would yield $175,000,-
uuu per annum; but it now seems
likely that they will bring $350,000,
uuu. vvnen uongress meets it mav
abolish some of them; but we do not
look Tor any such result. The prob
abilities are, therefore, that inside
of a year we shall again witness the
spectacle of a national surplus. If
it could be usd in reducing our
bonded indebtedness, we should be
glad to note it. But it is pretty sure
not to go that way. What with the
Nicaragua Canal, to cost $100,000,000
or $200,000,000, a regular army, aa de
manded, ol 100,000 men, and a navy
competent "to fight all creation,"
we shall have need for large balao
ces. The more is the pity. Chris
lrj?e package or the worMf hert r!nw
lot nickel, still nritere'oniniy in 4-pound
package. Alt grocers. Made only by
THE N. K. FAIRBAKK COMPAJTY,
Chicago. St Louts. New York. Boeton. PhlUdelpbla.
1 rfrmfcif ?! U
AVcgc table Preparation for As
ling ihe Stomachs andBowels of
ness andHcst.Contains neither
S)wm.Morpbine nor Mineral
ADcrfecf Remedy forConstipa-
tion. Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
facsimile Signature of
tXACT COPY OP WRAPPER.
Surreys and Phaetons, also
siyies ana prices ngnt. .uarge biock 01 inaruess hi prices iu
suit customers. Bee
Satterfield & Dodson
The Uses of Sorrow.
How wonderfully God discovers to
his people their perennil comforts
and consolations in the flinty places
of sore troubles and bereavements!
Do we lose our property? Then we no
up to our divine treasure keeper and
inquire after our soul's investments,
and find that they are all safe. Do
our fair-weather friends arop away
in the dark d-iys of adversity? Then
we draw up closer to him who saith,
UI will never forsake thee." Do we
bury up under the turf the darling
of our crib, or the sweet voiced wife
that filled home with heart melo
dies, or the dear old mother who8e
armchair was next in sacredness to
our family altar? Then our thoughts
fasten more closely on that home
stead beyond the clouds into which
the spoiler never enters. The un
seen things become visible. Christ
becomes nearer and infinitely dearer.
Prayer takes stronger hold on the
premises. Faith has a clearer vis
ion, and life becomes more disen
tangled from the harassing worries
and absorptions of worldliness. Prob
ably we were very loth to be driven
away into these rock regions of trial.
We prayed to be kept out of them;
for there is not a living Christian
evn the best of them who covets
affliction. But when we were forced
into the flinty places of adversity or
bereavement, how delicious was the
honey which faith drew out of the
rocks I Exchange.
CUBAN OIL cures
Cuts, Burns, Bruises, Rheu
matism and Sores. Price, 25 cents.
Sold by A. A. ItAlNS, Columbia, Tenn.
The Chicago Time-Herald says:
"Fighting Joe Wheeler seems to be
the only ofll ir who has come out of
the war with a good word for every
body. The grizzled warrior from
the South has won the respect and
admiration of the American peo-
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
THC eiNTAUR OOMMNV. KIW TOUK OITV.
medium and cheaper grades. Latest
Oil on Troubled Waters.
The Indiana was kept dry by the
dripping of oil from both bows; and
although tremendous seas were run
ning and breaking, they could not come
on board. This was certainly a most
practical illustration of the old saying
as to the "pouring of oil on trouble
waters" a proverb as old as the Bible,
but only very recently applied, thanks
to the Bydrographic Otlioe of the United
fstates, and now very generally follow
ed by seamen the world over. It was
an American also ( Hedtield) who first
thoroughly found out and explained
the true character of these revolving
storms, and to him all seamen are for
ever indebted. In using oil, it Is aston
ishing how small a quantity will entlice
Just a quart or two in a bag stuffed
with oakum hung over the bows, and
allowed to drip drop by drop on the
sea. wheie it spreads out in a thin,
greasy tilm over the surface of the
water. Over the film the wind slips, as
it were, and has no power to bank tne
water up into waves which would break
over the ship. Hundreds of reports are
on file in the oHioe attesting the mar
velous results of this simple agent of
safetp. St. Nicholas.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
The l'reddenl Smokes a Pipe.
President McKinley has become a
pipe tmoker; Attorney General
Griggs chews tobacco, privately;
Posmaster General Smith smokes
cigarettes : Secretary Gage smokes
cigars and chews tobacco; Secretly
Algr is an inveterate smoker. The
abstainers of the Cabinet are Secre
taries Day, Bliss and Long. Balti
If you want the news,