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THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1898.
HOW TO KEEP A GOOD COOK.
Mrs. A How do you keep ycur good cook so long? I have had
Mrs. R. It's simple enough ; just buy a Buck's Steel Range.
NEW PATTERNS IN OPEN STOCK CHINA
AN I) DECORATED SEMI-POUCELAN.
Ladies who have had their health and China broken by careless servaut trills may now rejoice. Odd
styles are fashionable and we have procured some exquisite new patterns which you can buy in any
quantity a simile cup or half dozen fruit plates, an extra platter or a set of vegetable dishes. Then if
you really want a good girl, and want her to stay with you, buy a
Buck's Strel Range,
or a Buck's Cooking Stove, and you will find all sweetness and happiness in your kitchen.
Oril STOVKS AMI KAMiKS A HE NOT HIGH IN THICK.
WE DO NOT ALLOW YOU TO PAY THE BAD BILLS OF OTHERS, AS WE SELL FOR CASH
only and give you the whole benefit.
Graduate and Medalit of Jhe Ontario
Veterinary College, Toronto, Caha(ki
Office: Harlan, Parks it Harlan's Stable.
Telephone So. 2.- ' ,' novJ2.
HOBT. 1315 DRO,
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer In
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Fine watch and Jewelry
repairing a specialty.
Bethell Block, t COLUMBIA, TEN
Dr: W. M. BIDDLE,
Office: Corner High and Eighth Street
Office hours: 8 to 103 to 4.
New Fire Insurance Firm.
FRIERSON & TUCKER,
(Successors to Kupene Pillow.)
Representing the following companies:
iEtiiH. G-niiKiiU. TrBdem Niirthwedtern
Mutual. Commercial Union, ot
London. Willlaniiihiirsr City.
See them before irmvrina your property.
Dr. Jos. T. Kleadors,
Garden Street, between 7th and 8th.
Col inn liia, : Tenn.
Telephone No. 72. april8 ,
J. A. -TIT-GO
KA1LU0AD TIME TAliLE.
Loulavtll and Nashville Division.
No. 2 leave" 6:38 p. m
No. 4 leaves tM a. m,
No. 8 (Accommodation) leaves... 5:45 p. m
No. fl " " leaves... 0:80 a. m
No. 8 (fast line) leaves 10:25 a. m
No. 1 (fast line! leaves 2:66.a. n
Nn. 7 Tiiscuintla and Nashville
Accommodation) arrives 9:80 a. m
No. 6 (Pulaski Acco'n) leaves.... 7:wp. m
Naithvllle and FlorenceIMvUion.
No. 7 Accommodation, leaves.... 10:28 a. m.
No 8 Florence Accommodation,
between Tuscumbla ana
Nashville, arrives 6:80 p.
Nashville, Chattanonica A St. Louis Rail,
road- Duck Ktvftr Valley Division.
No. 1 leaves :80 a. m
No. S leavei 7:00 p. m
No. 1 arrive 0:00 p. m
n. 9 arrives 6:20 a. m
rio connection Is made with thronib
trains on the Louisville and Nashville and
Great rtouthern Railroad
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon A
Nichols and K. Holding.
Country I'roduce .
Cotton 44 4 V
Horghum, from wagon l'tt 18
Butter S 15 i!')
Wool 5 25
Olnseng 2 002 26
Chickens i Vi
Shoulders V4t B
Clear sides Wi
Uaius "JiQ P.'j
1 25(31 60
, fk' fin
Hay Clover, from vagon.
Timothy ,lrora wagon
Lard, from wagon
Flour, per bbl
3 50(34 no
Jr r r
'i - i
AGENTS CUESENT BICYCLES.
HARDWARE. QUEENS WARE, STOVES AND TINWARE.
'"' VAKMING SCIMLlEi NEW TENNKSEK WAGONS. jf
Agricultural and LiYe
' -When the weedy fence rows nro-
ducrVitaU 4 crop as do the corn
rowsthefWDer thereof is righting
against fate. Most weeds are an
nuals, and come from seed only; to
say that they are in no degree con
querable Is bonsense, for the evi
dence to the contrary lies in the dif-
diligent farmer and those of his
Upon the early potatoes only can
we count with any assurance of a
paying crop. Alternately the
drouth, blight and bugs seem to play
havoc with those later planted, mak
ing them a very uncertain crop in
most regions. Fertilizers are un
trustworthy, and stable manure
What an "ornamental garden"
our whole agricultural district will
be in the day of good roads, when
trees flourish by the way in unend
ing ranks, and when there are no
weeds upon the grassy sides to mar
it all or spread their thieving off
spring over the farmer's well kept
The farmer is selling his farm and
selling himself who sells all the
grain he raises from its fields; his
land is going acre by acre. There
can be no such thing as taking a
part from a.fMd and yet leaving the
whole. f we take the mineral con
stituents out of the soil nature will
not restore them, unaided.
' The dews in 'the late season are
the making of tobacco, both as to
weight and' to worth. It is then
that tqbacco gets its gum, its good
color and its rta character. The
only-.; possible .excuse farmers can
have for early cutting is to avoid the
worms.a.nd the suckers, which are
very troublesome when the plants
are nearly.' ripe. ,
If you have but lived, yet have
mad the farm better, you are worth
just that much more. In figuring
the profltsTonsider the condition in
which the farm has been left; you
have not been making money if it
has been wholly at the expense of
A large 6teer and a large ear de
mand the same relative care and
skill. When the general cultivator
learns to profit by the experiments
of careful specialists we shall hear
less about agricultural depression.
Large crops pay, and large crops are
only a question of sufficient avail
able plant food and proper tillage.
Clods are unpleasant to work over,
prevent an even distribution of the
seed, occupy space which should be
occupied by plants, hold fertility
which can not be assimilated, hin
der a free circulation of air through
the soil, and such ground shows the
effect of drouth sooner than does
fine mould. Farming is not com
plete so long as a clod, a stone or
any rubbish remains in the field.
The farm is the owner's working
capital, and should be kept unim
paired, if not added to. It is to him
exactly what the money in any
business is to the owner of that
business. The merchant tries to
add to hi9 working capital in order
to extend his operations, or tries to
at least keep the amount of his in
vestment intact. A farm is really
worth just what can be derived from
it in the way of revenue, and this
only is its foundation value. The
bolt of cloth which sells for less
than it cost tends to bankruptcy; so
does every crop which takes from
the soil more than it returns. If
this loss is not immediately made
good the system of farming is de
structive, and will lead to sterile
worthless lands. We dare not be
content to look at the size of the
present crops without a thought to
the future. The plant food in our
soil is our banking capital, and we
must guard it jealously.
The foundation for flocks and
herds lies in the man rather than in
breeds. For to the man who likes
his business, knows just what he
wants to do, and who has the per
severance to work steadily toward a
certain end, any good breed will
In these days of competitive
t-lToi ts innmr can not be made in a
,;Jr;, The road to for
- W - jr. ,-M1
four in as many months.
tune lies through special knowledge.
One can become a good chicken
man, a good hog man or a good
horse man if he chooses and if he
has the brains. We can not live as
did our fathers, for we live In differ
Let us not grow restive under the
constant urging to grow the very
best stock obtainable, for good stock
not only yields a better return for
the food consumed, but is actually
cheaper to keep.
Early foddering is the way to pre
vent an expensive waste of condi
tion. It is easier to resist such
waste than it is to restore loss of
flesh after waste has been allowed.
We have not reached the limit of
progress, although within 10 years
nigh breeding has brought the stock
upon our farms to about double its
farmer value. All the world is now
looking toward this country for the
best in many varieties.
We can not send for a skilled
veterinary in every sudden emer
gency. "Rook farming" proves its
worth right here. Kvery fanner
should know something about the
common diseases of stock.
Every day's care of stock counts.
There is no full regaining from any
retrogation, and to stand still at any
stage through exposure, neglect or
hardship is not only "nothing
gained," but much lost.
For a fireside study this winter
take up the study of bees, their
anatomy, nature, habits, wo-k,
enemies and diseases. The elder
members of the family will enjoy
it, so will the children.' It maybe
the start of more than one little for
tune. Get a magnifying glass, and
do it thoroughly and systematically.
Everything must be fed, and it
pays to do it well. Do not let even
the bees lack for good food. Wher
ever there is a waste place about the
farm make it a feeding ground for
It is not cold which kills bees; if
they are kept dry they are all right.
If they have ventilation above they
will keep dry. The moisture which
exudes from them freezes above
them, and melts when a thaw
comes ; then the cold weather freezes
them to death.
There would be less trouble with
the digestive organs of the family if
honey was bought with the money
which usually goes for candies anil
other sugar sweets.
Sometimes a cold spell lasts so
long that bees exhaust all the honey
withing reach of the cluster, and
the bees die although the supply of
stores was abundant.
One of the ways to feed bees is to
fill old stiff combs with warm syrup,
jut thin enough that it will not
sugar. Hprinkle it on, for if poured
it will not enter the cells. Fill botii
sides of the comb and hang in the
hive before winter.
A rough board fence on the north
side of a row of hives, with the
space between packed with coarse
hay, makes a good winter protection.
The hives should be a foot or two
from the fence.
In most places there is usually
lime enough for fowls in their feed
or in the pebbles they pick up, but
if the supply is deficient it must bo
made up to them. Crushed bone or
shells ot some kind are excellent for
In poultry breeding th ere can well
be a harmonious combination of
utility and beauty. A flock which is
of uniform appearance is prettier to
look at, and, being pure bred, is bet
ter for every practical purpose.
We still buy eggs. S'o farm,
county or State is producing poultry
to its full extent, and there is no
good reason why we may not make
the supply equal to the demand and
keep our money at home.
It we put a measure of oatmeal in
a stone jar, pour over it water which
is at the full boiling stage, cover it
and let it stand over night, it will be
found as thoroughly cooked in the
morning as any pudding need be,
and will be a delicious breakfast for
the biddies and chicks.
Usually the simpler a poultry
house fixture is the better it will be
for the purpose it is intended to
serve. Most of these appliaucea can
be homemade, and will be as good
as those which are more elaborate
and which cost a high price.
Sunflower seeds will give a gloss
to the feaMiers and promote the
health of the hens. Oil meal serves
just about the same purpose, but the
sunflowers can be grown plentifully
inoutof the way places, and the
seeds cost nothing.
Crossing, with ducks, has never
proved a success. In appearance, a
yard of fowls uniformly colored and
of pure breed has the a (vantage
over a inixeu lot, Whatever KliiU
tney may ue.
Common hpns. well phtpH fur. will
outlay the neglected hens of the best
siock on earth ; while there is mucn
ill breeding, thrw ii murn in li-ood
care. This is not aying that com
mon neiis can be made equal to
thoroughbreds as egg producers, but
mere is mucn in leeding anu hous
ing. When farmers generally get it
through their heads that even thor
oughbred fowls need good shelter
and care in order that they do
their best in the egg line, we shall
hear less grumbling and discussions
about the merits of different breeds.
Il you have no other xliads in the
poultry yard, plant sunti owers. They
will also offer a safe, retreat when
hawks are about. Then we must not
forget the value of the ripened seed
as a food product.
The American hen laid about 14
bil lons of egg8 last year, wortli 170
million dollars. Thev weighed over
8oO thousand tons, and would have
made a circle of 20 times around the
earth if placed side by side. The
poultry sold was worth about 130
million dollars. Bhe could buy all
the mines of America and then pav
all interest on mortgages; she could
buy all the cattle in the country at
their assessed value; her profits
were as great as those of all the rail
ways in thfi Union. The Aniericm
hen is certainly able to pay her own
Anything sells better when there
is evidence of care in its prepara
tion. Have a uniformity in size and
color in the same coop when ship
pine fowls; yourown pride will count
in the estimation of the buyers.
Egg producing costs less money
and trouble than raising fowls for
market. They are a finished pro
duct, requiring no feeding, fussing
or loss. They bring cash without
waiting, and there no danger of
Do not neglect cultivating cab
bage in September, for after the cool
nights cntne they begin to make
heads. Thpy sometimes make a
wonderful growth late in the season
if given proper care. If growth is
excessive and heads begin to burst,
dip the plants over and cut off half
of the roots. They will stop grow
ing, and yet will not wither.
Kill the weeds, cover the ground
and add beauty to the girden spot
by plowing it and sowing it with
rye. The rye will also save fertility
which might be washed awav by
winter rains, and the saving of fer
tility is sparing just that much labor
A full peach tree which is thor
oughly thinned will fill as many
baskets at maturity as when left
alone, and the product will be bet
ter and more valuable. The matur
ing of so many seeds is what robs a
tree of its vitality, and is the cause
of alternate off years.
Gladioli, planted in June or July
for fall bloomers, are often much
finer than summer ones. Plant
them five or six inches deep, that
they may stand up without support.
If they will not stand, give them a
wire, netting to uphold them, for
sticks detract so much from their
The fruit in the upper tier of a
tight crate always spoils first. The
tighter it is packed the better, if
packed while dry and cool. It can
be sent long distances when packed
i i cotton.
Cover the asparagus bed with
manure a foot deop this winter, and
the currant, goosbeiry, raspberry,
and blackberry bushes should be
treated in the same way. Hend the
latter to the ground. Such treat
ment is for the twofold purpose of
protection and enriching.
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Color photography has been made
a final success hy a Chicago man by
the name of McDonough. By means
of this process, using an ordinary
camera and in one-fifth of a second's
time, all of the brilliant hues of a
flower garden, all the contrasts in
green of a landscape, all the won
ders of a summer sky, the jewel
upon your finger, the ribbo i at your
throat, the stripes in your clothes,
the decorations of your hat, the bou
quet on your lapel, can be accurate
An Old Idea.
Every dny strengthens the belief of emi
nent physicians that impure blood is the
cause of the majority of our diseases.
Twenty-five years nu'o this theory was iiced
as a basis for t lie formula of Browns' Iron
Bitters. The many reinarkalileeures effected
by this f iniiuis old household remedy are
("uftVieiit to prove that the theory is correct.
Browns' Iron Hitters is sold by all dialers.
The Lawyer's Little Petitioner.
The lawyer was sitting at his desk,
absorbed in the preparation of a
brief. So bent was he on his work
that he did not hear the door as it
was pushed gently open, nor see the
curly head that was thrust into his
office. A little soo attracted his no
tice, and turning, lie saw a face that
was streaked with recent tears, and
told plainly that the little one's feel
ings had been hurt. "Well, my lit
tle one, did you want to see me!"
"Are you a lawyer?" "Yes. What
is it you want?" "I want," and there
was a resolute ring in her voice, "I
want a divorce from my para and
mamma. I want it real quick, too."
I-arc?e park ace of the worm's Nft "lnr"et
foi nickel. Still Kresierwonoiiiv in 4-pound
package. Alt Krocers. Made only ty
THE It. K. FA IS BANK CO.MPAXT
Chicago. St. Louis. Nesv VorS. Boston. I'hllnUelpbla.
l'W"f W' f UiiMliMIHIi)H)ll
Vegetable Prcparalionfor As
lingthcS tomaxhs and Bowels of
ness andRest.Contains ncitricr
Opium.Morpriine nor. Mineral.
A perfect Remedy for Constipa
tion, Sour Stomach.Diarrhoea,
Worms .Convulsions ,r evensh
ness and Loss OF SLEEP.
Tac Simile Signature of
exact copy or wrapper.
,.i.-.' Y m'v.v y v.g: 'j-k J
Burreysand Phaetons, also medium and cheaper grades. Latest
styles and prices right. Large Btock of IHarness at prices to
suit customers. Bee
Satterfield & Dodson
It Takes Time.
A student not long ago asked the
president ot Oberlin College if he
could not be permitted to take a
shorter course of study.
"O yes," said the wise president,
"but that depends upon what you
want to make of yourself. When
God wants to make an oak, he takes
a hundred years; but wheu he wants
to make a squash he takes six
Assistant I'll) master Hroivn Saved the
There is a bit of unwritten history
about that famous fight between the
converted yacht Gloucester and the
two torpedo boats off Santiago on
July 3. One of the officers tells it in
this way :
"Wainwright put every one at
work. The engineer was placed in
charge ofaeun; o was the pay
master, and to the gunnery of the
latter is due the fact that the Amer
can Navy didn't suffer a severe loss
on that morning.
"The paymaster was in charge of
a Colt automatic gun, and he kept
her ripping away like a veteran.
The Pluton was plugging at us and
our officers saw a man on the
Spaniard in charge of a rapid-fire
one-pounder who displayed superb
courage of the calm, stoical sort thai
marked him as dangerous. He was
getting our range rapidly and each
shot w as coming nearer to us. The
last one struck within eighty feet
and was aimed at our vitals.
"Some one yelled to the paymaster
to put that man out of business or
we would be cut in two at the next
belch of the one-pounder. The Colt
did the work.
"Later when we boarded the Plu
ton we hunted up the onn-pounder.
Around the gun were its crew dead
five or six men riddled and riddled
with the Colt's bullets. And that
man of splendid courage the stoic
he was lying airaiust th( breech of
the gun with his head fingers clutch
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
i k rm
THC CCNTAUR COMMNY. NCW VOXK CITY.
ing the trigger. The gun was load
eu and we examined its range. It
was fixed at an angle which would
have carried that shell straight into
our vitals and put the Gloucester
with the wrecks of the Spaniards."
The man on the Gloucester who
did the famous shooting was Assist
ant Paymaster Brown. New York
J. T. W illiamson, Administrator, vs. F.
In Chancery Court at Columbia, Ten
nessee. Pursuant to a decree of the Chancery
Court, at the October term, 1807, at page
401, 1 will, on 1
Nuturrtay, October 1, 1H)S,
Expose to public sale at the court-house
door, In the town of Columbia, Tenn..
the following described tract of land
to-wit: Situated in the Ninth Civil Dis
ti ict of Maury County, Tenn., begin
ning at a set rook on the left hank of
Duck Kiver below Greenwood Ceme
tery, and running thence N. 87 decrees
3'-' poles and 21 links to a set rock ;
thence . 2 degrees K.i p,,es and 5
links to a set rook ; thence N. 87 decrees
. 32 poles and l. links to a pile of
rock near VIi Spring; thence X. 2
degrees E. (crossing spring branch at
Irt poles) in all 20 poles to a set rook;
thence S. h7 degrees E. 32 poles,
l.i links to a stake on the bank if Duck
River; then up the banks of said river
with Its meandenngs to the beginning,
containing by estimation 12'i acres as
surveyed by Wm, B. Wood,, surveyor of
Maury County, Tenn., Mav (5, lss. This
include a niece of land, about one acre
oi!f vN,,?,r-ner' which con
veyed by T. V. Keesee to Win. doer
ton and to this part of alout one acre
we do not warrant the title
Tkbms of NAi.K.-Said sale will be
h d V'.'," cre(,it of lx months, and in
bar of the equity of redemption. Xote
bearing interest from day of sale with
good personal securiiy will be required
tin Tchrer Jar'd lien will L re-
lMd 1nd old as further securitv.
This September i, lS'.is
ep9 4t A X AKIN C'erk Maf!ter-