Newspaper Page Text
THE COLUMBIA HERALD: FRIDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1898.
mon stock is to buy thoroughbred
eggs or fowls; it saves time, and go
ng up hill is not always successful
work. A little neglect will make
scrubs soon enough out of some of
Let us not forget the supply of
clover for the chickens. Itis bulky,
. Our New Tennessee Wagon is ahead of
any wagon on the market. The lightest
draft and most durable. All seasoned tim
ber, thick tire and deep rims on wheels.
and is rich in lime and nitrogen.
Cut it fine and scald it, and then mix
it with a little ground grain in the
mornings; It will save much food
which is more costly. If we do not
prepare clovr our fowls are pretty
sure to go without any green ration
at all, and then there will be dis
couragement for them and for us.
t i . i
with levers, are
strongest o( any.
If you want a
good harrow buy
"There will be hot times in Columbia" this winter by using COLE'S Air Tight
nnmfnrt.Hhlv warm for our comoetitors. :i.f
Cnnpti-ifr Pfinilo We have the largest and
upui Ulit. uuuuo Air Kiiles to the tlnest
citizens Telephone 73.
I?. l. CRAY,
Graduate and Medalist of the Ontario
Veterinary College, Toronto, Canada.
Office: Harlan, Parks & Harlan's Stable.
Telephone INo. 8.
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
And dealer In
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry
Fine watoh and Jewelry
repairing a specialty. ,
Bethell Block, : COLUMBIA, TKW
raavH " i
Dr: W. M. BIDDLE.
Office: Corner High and Eighth Strdett
Office hours : 8 to 103 to 4.
New Fire Insurance Firm.
FRIERSON & TUCKER,
(Successors to Eugene Pillow.)
von.inini t hp fnllnwinii romoantesi .. M
.:tn. iiermania. Trader Northwentern
Mutual. Coininrcll I nlon, ol
London. :, Williamsburg Oty.
See them beore insurina your property.
Dr. Jos. T. Tileatiors,
Garden Street, between 7th and 8th. -.
: . Columbia, : Tenn.
Telephone No. 72, april
UAILHOAD TIME TABLE.
Loul.Tlll and NasbTille DlvUion.
No. Jleares 6:86 P'
No. 4 leave. 6:82 a,
No. 8 (Accommodation) leave... . 6:45 p
No. " " leave... 8:80 a,
No. 8 (fast line) leave. 10:25
No. 1. (faBt line) leave... J:56.a
tu i iTnwMinhln nnd Naghvllle
Aoconimodatlon) arrives 9:80 a. m
R (Pulaski Acoo nt leave..... i:w p. n
Na.hvllle and Florence.Dlvl.lon.
, 7 Accommodation, leave... ..io:ai a. o.
8 Florence Accommodation,
hRtwtten TuHCumbla and
Na.bville, arrive. 6:80 p. n
Na.hvtll4, ChattanooK A St. Louis Ball-road-
- Dock Klver Valley Ulvlnlon.
No. 1 leave. :80 a. m
No. J leavei 7:00 p. m
No. 1 arrive : p. m
No. 2 arrives 8:20 a. m
Close connection Is made with throagt
trains on the Louisville and Nashville and
Great Southern Railroad
COLUMBIA MARKET REPORT.
Corrected weekly by McKennon A
NichoU and H. Holding.
Country l'roiluce ,
Cotton 4(3 4)4
Sorghum, from wagon lf 18
Butter 15l 21
Eggs s 1"
Wool: 5 25
Ginseng 2 002 26
liens i i1
Shoulders f& 6
Clear aides $i(A 7
Crimson Clover 8 60
Blue Grass 1 25(gl 50
Orchard Grass If
Timothv 1 M
Bed Top . . ', 76
Grain and Bay.
Hau Clover, from vagon.... 50l
Timothv .trom wagon 60 tii
Lard, from wagon
Flour, per bbl 8 fi0(4 (Xi
Puear, granulated 5(9 6U
Meal. Ton store 4f4l 5"
' ; V Etuul
-AJSr s.i" . ? r. 4y . v
iMiijuf-fi tf - tnr -r i""n 'mi T ri-frn " ,skss: w
bestVtnck of Guns lCpiumbia. Hunting Coats, Leggings, Loaded Shells, etc
Don Die-barrel not liuns. uome ana see us.
Agricultural and LjYe
If we were to prepare our wheat
land as if we were about to sow let
tuce, it would not be work lost. The
better preparation, the better the
wheat crop, always and unquestion
ably. We need never fear doing
damage to the ground. Come just
as near to the fineness , of an as!)
heap as it is possible to come with
your tools and your time.
It willbe a long time before the
old husking peg is hung" up for a
relic, for yet the corn grower can
often store his corn cheaper byi its
use than in any other way ; but the
power corn husker. is no longer an
experimentand its practical utility
has been demonstrated.
: Many farms should be profitable
Which are'hot; the expense of cul'ti
vation and of marketing is too great.
8peed the day when our1 roads will
be good alt the year, that the fartn-er.may-lia'ul
his products when he is
reaav. . ,-
.'Eight; mlllipnsv"; of dollars
be'cn ' Bhlppjea'-'frouv' ' New:
in, . one week to assist in
irig the Western , crops,. The
delivered in Chicago market
sUe day has required 40 miles of
track rooJBnT' j
Every little Increase, jn yield re
duces the cost of production. One
pundred. bushels of corn have ben
raiflfld on 6ne acre at a cost of nine
certls a bushel; this is. very profit
able farming; yel how many, pend
this saule nine dollars on an acre
&odrre,eive a yield of one-third the
More hay and grasSand less grain
make the farin,ea8jex.toilflDdle, and
in the end give quite as much profit.
Ones reason ja that it--leads'- to the
keeping of more stock; and, there
fore, brings the land up to4 a higher
fertility -and. greater productive
There Is as much to gain by sow
ing thoroughbred grain as in breed
ing thoroughbred stock. We Bre
too careless about our seed, especi
ally our wi eat. When we get hold
of a variety which comes near per
fection in our locality we should
keep it and breed up by selecting
seed each year from the best part of
our fields, thrashing it by itself
We should be no more willing to
sow scrub grains than to breed scrub
If wheat is to follow corn, we
should remember when preparing
for corn that we are also preparing
for wheat. We should see to it that
the plowing and harrowing are
thoroughly done: that the cultiva
tion is also thorough and all the
weeds killed, that when seed time
comes we may nave a good, clean,
level seed bed.
There have been produced varie
ties of oorn which have yielded
twice as much as the original from
which they were taken. Careless
ness in selecting seed has much to
do with the idea that varieties "run
If supplied with plant food equiva
lent to that removed by a crop, and
if the roeber weeds are kept down,
it does not need proving that laud
can not be overcropped. i
, n There is such a thing as spontan
eous combustion in clover hay.
The tramp's pipe is often blamed
when, no other source need be
sought than iu the hay pile ifelf,
though this is not thought possible,
because it takes place so long after
the hay-' is harvested; but it re
quires a ViTonth or more for the grass
to become dry enough for combus
tion to happen spontaneously.
One part water to three parts
granulated sugar is a proper pro
portion to make a good bee food.
Put this in a shallow pan and cover
with a very thin board in which
there are numerous half hich auger
Fix the bees for winter before it is
CASTOR I A
Por Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Signature of 1
U11VU1 VLL111 JLlUYVk).
' Oliver Chill Plows will beat any plow
for Fall plowing. Our No. 40 with
Imum will nnt. nlwink. Tf v nn ! I'ninta
Heating Stoves. They make it un
DOBBINS & EWING.
too cold. If the hive is heavy, fill
the top box with chan or sawdust
and they will probably get through
all right. Of course, tne better way
is to go through every colony and
eari. their exact condition.
A hive full of honey is a good pro
tection to bees; honey does not
freeze, and this property helps to
protect fruit bloom ou frosty nights
One of the advantages from strong
colonies is in their being able to
keen warm enough in cold weather
to move about aud procure food. A
very strong colony never gets too
cold to move about slowly over the
comb. The cluster will have moved
perceptibly every day if you ex
To feed bees in September is far
better than to feed them during the
winter. Feed them while it is so
warm- that they can seal over thei
stores, and then for t heir winter food
thev will have thoroughly sealed
hooey or the best class. For feed
ing use the very best of granulated
Toads aro useful tilings in the gar
den. hut keep them away from the
bee hives. If the hives are set nea
the wound it is possible you will
find a toad or two watching at the
entrance in the evening as the lad
ened bees come home, and you may
possibly also see their long tongues
shoot out and gobble in every bee as
it alights. Open their stomachs and
see what may be lound tnere.
Even though he may get it at his
own price, a butcher never buys a
poor beef from choice. His best
profit comes from a good fattened
animal, ana ne is wining to pay ror
such; therefore, the grower's best
profit is to be found in the same.
liox stalls are advantageous on
the score of comfort as well as from
the fact that more and better ma
nure can be made 'by thus having
plenty of room to litter the cattle
freely, and have the liquids as well
as the solids taken up and saved in
Horns are easily bred away, and,
though the process is slow, it is the
better way. A herd of horned cows
was bred to a polled bull whose
mother wore horns; 90 per cent, of
the calves had no boms. These
young hornless heifers never had a
homed calf. In the stock-yards we
find the horns gone from nine-tenths
of the stock; whether due to the
chemical dehorner, the saw or to
breeding, it shows that horns are no
longer fashionable. It is likely they
never will be again.
It is unprofitable to ship doubtful
stock, for the rigid rules of inspec
tion are sure to thiow them out, and
at a loss. Keep., the young, calves
until old enough, and do not ship
any not in good condition and fat
enough to make good meat.
When stock Is nigh and feed is
low it is hard to convince many
farmers that there is more advant
age in good breeding than in good
feeding; but we can not so success
fully feed animals which are not of
good blood. Even though fed an ex
tra amount, poor cattle will not
reach that early maturity nor that
superior quality which is desirable.
It In well to kill off all late moul
ters, Tor they will not commence to
lay before spring, and that means
the loss of their winter's feed. Hurry
the pullets right along from now on.
Bee that they have a good range and
are not bothered by the old hena nor
a lot of worthless cockerels.
Among the best cold weather foods
foe hens is buckwheat. Itis espe
cially vaiuaoie as an egg producer,
and will keep the fowls in good con
dition without making thetn too fat.
If a substitute for meat is needed,
try cotton seed meal. I se It spar
ingly, mixed in with- the chopped
rood every aay.
In a favorable situation and a good
range, late hatched chicks grow so
rapidly and thrive so easily that one
is always tempted to raise a few for
home eating. They will attain i
nice size for broilers about Thanks
giving time, or will make wonder
lulpie. Of course, it is folly to win-
lietter than to try to grade up com
Earliness of the fruit is one of the
rewards from keeping a strawberry
ed in bearing more than two years ;
ut if bv mowinir and burning we
can keep down the weeds, insects
and rust, the labor saved by preserv
ing the bed whioh hnrn thia vnr in
stead of plowing and resetting, then
waning anotner year ror tne iruit, is
an important item. It is then easy
to cultivato between the rows and
sow fertilizer in the spring.
m any kind or weather it is bene
ficial, and In a dry season almost
necensary, to mulch young fruit
trees. If the soil about fruit trees
List set out in cnvernrl with Btrnw nr
other mulch for ten feet all around
them it will be a rare case where
they fail to live and make a good
If von run o-t vnnr strnwhprrv
plants in the full, taking them up
from the old bed with a ball of. earth.
von can hnvp n irnnH prnn tiovt Tiiiib
for they will make almost as good a
start as poi grown ones, ur course,
much depends on care, nrotection
- ' -i i
Arbor vitro plants, when set out
for a hedge, should be small aud
should be kept well headed and
trimmed low until the hut torn in wall
filled, or they will never look well
afterward. Cultivate them and ma
nure them occassionally.
Ground about fresh planted shrub
bery will puddle if mulch is not first
placed about it; then a little water
supplied will do more good than
double the quantity without a pro
ttctlon to the ground.
Clip all low shoots from honey
suckles and other vines; this will
encourage upper growth, will make
them neater in appearance, and will
not provide a harbor for reptiles.
Place laths, closely woven with
wire, about younur trees when plant
ing them; this will protect from the
borer, sun scald, rabbits, mice and
the careless plowman. The tree will
take care of itself by the time the
laths rot away.
A large percentage of trees planted
along the roadside are killed bv mice
which harbor at their roots. In the
autumn dig the sod away and throw
a low mound of eanh about the
roots, and then remove the mound
in the spring, if very high.
f rune the grapes in .November or
December, and then lay them outhe
ground, covered with something that
will protect them from the sun. Let
this covering not be of such a nature
as to invite the mice, for they often
play havoc If grass lands are near
Plums need moisture, and clay
soil holds more moisture than does
any other kind. Low, wet soil will
grow no plums of any kind, and
sandy soil harbors too many insects;
the curculio is fostered in all kinds
of sou of light texture. Not the
least necessary precaution is to have
the rich clay soil well drained. Cul
iivate the ground during the earlv
summer as carefully as you would
corn, and then apply a thick mulch
about July to hold the moisture. A
little salt sown in the spring , will
promote growth and health, and
drives away many insects.
Moisture, in connection with heat
will hasten decomposition in fruit
To keep the apples in winter, they
should he stored in a dry, even, coo
atmosphere, a few degrees above the
T. F. Anthonv, Ex-Postmaster of
Promise City, Iowa, says; bouizh
one bottle of 'Mystic Cure' for rheuma
tism, and two doses of it did me more
good than any medicine I ever took
hold oy A. a. Kains, Druggist, l.oiura
How the Eniperor of China Eats
The bill of fare for the day is mid
out long in advance, and, therefore, it
happens that fruit and vegetables may
have been iu season for weeks before
the Kmperor is allowed to eat them.
Lverythlng which goes on the imperial
table is served in duplicate two bowls
of soup, two fowls, etc. A court physi
cian watches him while he eats, andi if
he seems to be especially fond of any
one dish the court physician touches it
wunawanaana an attendant wnisas
it away. That dish seldom appears on
the imperial table again. The Emperor
is fond of good living, and the expenses
of the imperial kitchen are enormous,
nut his feasts are of the Barmecide
character for all that. The principal
articles of the Emperor's diet are speci-
nea oyiaw. He is to nave set, oetore
him each day thirty pounds oi roast
meat and seven pounds made into soup.
lie is also to nave eacn day a pound or
hug's fat or butler and the milk of eight
cows, if he so desires lie can order
each day two sheep, two fowls and two
ducks, while seventy-nve parcels or tea
are daily set aside for his use. And yet
he frequently goes away irom tne taoie
hungry because of the watchful eve of
the court physician. New York Press.
m44AM CUBAN RELIEF cures
F lUlllvrS 0 IC' Ne'iralgiaand Toothache
.. vjn five minutes. sourStomach
and Summer Complaints. Price, 25 Cents.
Sold by A. B. RAIN'S. Conlmhla. Tenn
The habit of complaining Is one
that-grow and grows, and the man
or woman that becomes subject to it
is sure to lose influence with all his
Righteous indignation In man an
swers to moral wrath in Qod, aud is
not wrong unless it is allowed to de
generate into malevolent anger.
Let all timorous Christians re
member that God is still on his
throne, and that be will not vacate
it over night.
The best opinion of any man i the
opinion of the people that know him
Indifference to the claims of duty
begets a gradual hardening of the
It is the wste of single days that
makes our lives fruitless failures.
Let every rascal remember that
Col rul.-CIiii'.iaa A4rcsio.
Large package of the worM's tt "apT
foi nickel. Still ureawreconomy iiM-pouad
package. All grocers. Made omy iy
THE N. K. FAIUBANK COMPASV,
ChlcW.St. Louie, Ne Vork. Boston. Pnluelpbl
The Kind You Have Always
in use for over 30 years,
and has been made under ins pcr-L-z-
sonal supervision since its infancy.
CCCCSUM Allow no one to deceive you in this.
,A1I Counterfeits, Imitations and Substitutes are but Ex
periments that trifle with and endanger the health of ,
Infants and Children-Experience against Experiment
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric, Drops
,. and Soothing Syrups. It is Harmless and Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
. substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and "Wind
Jolic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation.
,nd Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates tho
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
GENUINE GASTORIA ALVAYS
The KM You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TMC CNTUH OOM.N, TT UHY STKCIT, NtWVOR CITT.
SAYINGS OF JEFFERSON.
When the press is free, and every
man able to read, all is safe.
The whole art of government con
sists in the art of being honest.
No government can continue good
but under the control of the people.
An aristocraoy of wealth is of
more danger than benefit to society.
I think all the world would gain
by setting commerce at perfect lib
erty. It is the manners and speech of
the pejple which preserve a repub
lic in vigor.
The time to guard against corrup
tion and tyranny is before they have
gotten hold of us.
We owe gratitude to France; jus
tice to England ; good will to all,
servieuce to none.
Were we directed from Washing
ton when to sow and when to reap,
we Bnouia soon want oreaa.
An equilibrium of agriculture,
manufactures and commerce, is es
sential to our independence.
I have ever looked on Cuba as the
most interesting addition which
could be made to our system of
It (s not by the consolidation or
concentration of powers, but by their
distribution, that good government
No ground of support for the Ex
ecutive will ever be so sure a? a com
plete knowledge of their proceedings
by the people.
The judiciary branch is the instru
ment which working like gravity,
without intermission, is to press us
at last into one consolidated mass.
I am for responsibilites at short
periods, seeing neither reason nor
safety In making public function
aries independent of the nation for
life, or even for long terms of years.
This corporeal globe and every
thing upon it belongs to Its present
corporeal inhabitants during their
generations. They alone have the
right to direct what is the concern
of themselves alone, and to declare
the law of that direction, and this
declaration can only be made by
The day is not distant when we
may formally require a meridian or
partition though the ocean which
separates the two hemispheres, on
the hither side of which no Euro
pean gun shall ever be heard, nor an
American on the other; and when,
during the rage of the eternal wars
of Europe, the lion and the lamb,
within our regions, shall lie down
together in peace.
Nothing is so important as that
Ameiica snail separate herself from
the systems of Europe and establish
one of her own. Our circumstances,
our pursuits, our interests are dis
tinct; the principles of our policy
should be so also. All entangle
ment with that quarter of the globe
should be avoideu if w iupm.i tht
peace and justice siinll be the polar
Bought, and which has been
has borne tho siguature of
Officb ok County Oocrt Clerk,
Columbia, Tenn., Sept. 3i; lwfl. j
Sallie P. Campbell, vs. S. M. Gilliam,
In this cause it appearing to me fron
complainant's bill, which is sworn to,
that Darthula Homer, wife of Ho
mer, Morrow Gilliam, Dora Gilliam,
Ollie Gilliam and Sallie Gilliam, chil
dren of Ed Gilliam, deceased, Cassie-
Dewberry, wife of Dewberry, Thos.
Gillia. John Gilliam, James Gilliam,
Matt Gilliam, Charles P. Gilliam and
fc.d Gilliam, children o' Charles Gil
liam, deceased, all grandchildren of
John II. Gilliam, deceased, are non
residents of the State of Tennessee, so
that the ordinary process of law cannot
be served upon them. It is therefore
ordered by me, that publication be
made for four consecutive weeks in the
Columbia Herald, a newspaper publish
ed in the town of Columbia, Maury
County, Tenn .requiring said non-resident
defendants to be. and appear be
fore the County Court of said county on
or.before the first Monday in November,.
18SW, and plead, answer or demur to
complainant's bill, or the same w ill be
taken for confessed as to them and set
for hearing ex parte.
xV ,A 1 THOMAS, Clerk A Com,
W. O. Gordon, Solicitor. sepM 4t
By virtue of a deed of trust executed
tStiJ10 bT slmo" "ardison on March 11,
filTC "o MCOnde,4 1,'!,book No' 87 PS
wrj, K. O. M. C., I will, on
Monday, October 24, 1808,
Jkm" !aW 1!!011"' offer ,or sale t
,kJ hnSil bider Zl the court house
door In Columbia, Tennessee, for cash
f r .P7p".t.y graced n said deed
of trust; to-wlt: Two bay horses. 7 and
years old, two buck boards, one ex
press wagon one refrigerator two pair
scales (one platform and one swingfng).
fn Sid dlfl. appliance8 M, TAhced
demonize his soul.
body and voir
mere are six saloon keepers in
our country to every preacher"
ouia we call for a sigh from every
person whom rn i i '
Would be raised mightier" h' r.h'f
thunder-roll of Niagara.
The liauor truffle ...
the wor d's miht 6 ul"
For every dollar given in our land
to home and for.!.,,. ' r.u.
are given to the saloons.
Some deacons talk about laving
down their lives for Christ when
Kim U,tTheyr dW"v hei
lor nun. The Issue, Nashville.
D' Neglect Your Liver.
Liver troubles quickly result in serious
complications, and the man who neglect his
liver has little recard for health. A Iw.itle
oi Itrowns' Iron Hitters taken now ami then
.vill keep the lier in iert'eet or-ler. If the
th-rn-e fin developed, Itrowns' Iron Hitters
will rure it permanently. Strentnh and
yitalitv will always follow itr