Newspaper Page Text
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COLUMBIA, TENNESSEE, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 198.
NEWS AND COMMENT.
Congressman Carmack led the
ticket in Shelby county.
Governor Taylor will return to
the lecture platform when his term
as Governor expires.
Hakdix county went Democratic
for the first time In years, McMil
lin's majority being 30.
Spain has sent back to Cuba three
hundred political prisoners, who
have been confined in prison in Africa.
Over seven thousand applications
are on file at Washington for posi
tions in the Porto Rican post-office
Mr. Dingley says the next C( n
gress win not change the present
war revenue act, and there1 will be
no revision of the tariff.
It is Proving an Immense
Source of Wealth.
A MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR
In the l'rBftlve I'roMierlt y of Middle
TenneMee "Tom" anil "IUck" u
G. -1 1 y Changing luto "Mr. Tliomiot"
and WiK Itirliard."
Senator Hanna says most of the
features of the war revenue law will
be continued, along with the Ding
ley law. and favors in addition a
tax on tea and coffee.
Hon. Walter P. Brownlow,
who was seriously ill, has recovered
sufficiently to go to Philadelphia,
where he will probably undergo a
surgical operation for hernia.
According to the report of the
Immigration Bureau, the number of
immigrants during the fiscal year
was 229,299, a decrease of 1,533 over
the preceding year. Italy led, as
usual, with 58,613.
In his report to the Secretary of
War Adjt. Gen. Corbin shows that
during the period of hostilities 280
men were killed, while 2,030 died of
disease. He urges an army increase
and favors increased pay for men on
I Nashville Banner.
Mt. Pleasant, Tenn., Nov. 14.
The phosphate field near Mt. Pleas
ant, Maury County, is probably oue
of the most important factors in the
prospective prosperity of Middle
the things about which Middle Ten-
nesseans know less than almost any
of their many magnificent resources.
It is not by any mean an exaggera
tion to say that very much more
knowledge and appreciation of the
valuajle deposits here exist, outside
of Tennessee than in it. Why this
is so, as in all such instances, will
probably alwavs remain a mystery.
The geological formation of this
rock has been ascribed by the best
geological authority to the leaching
of the carbonate out of the ' capitol"
limestone, which is the common sur
face limestone of the Middle Ten
nessee basin, leaving a porous, high-
irrade phosphate of lime. This
would place this rock lu the saurian
A few others have contended that
we have here the same rock as the
Hickman County" or "blue" phos
phate. which, in the process of ero-
siou which formed the central basin,
was left in places, settling down like
blanket over the rolling kuods, leu
by the sub-erosion, the settling caus
ing it to Decoiiw DroKen anu wavy,
and the disintegrating action of
moisture and soil acids making it
porous, lhis wouiu piace it hi me
Knowing the high authorities en-
The question as to whether Chat
tanooira is in Tennessee or Georgia
has been again sprung by the Geor
eia legislature. A party of legisla
tors from that body have been in
Chattanooga this week looking after
the boundary line.
The 9,500 Spanish troops in the
vicinity of Puerto Principe, who are
to be relieved by the Eighth cavai
ry, which has sailed from Savan
nah. are on the verge of mutiny, re
fusing to return to Spain until paid
nil u rvaa rn trefl. extending in some
an in - v i j
cases over a year.
AnvmiT. Sphley having asked
again for sea service, has been prom
ised the command of the European
which will be re-estab
lished in a short time, with some
the finest cruisers in the navy to ex
hihit the American flag creditably
to the European nations.
There will be three Smiths in the
next Congress from Michigan
namely : Henry C. Smith, from the
second district; William Alden
Smith, from the fifth district, and
a i w Smith, from the sixth
district. "Mr. Smith from Michi
o-an" will be a very numerous per
Col. Charles W. Williams, who
tn Havana to take charge of
th nuartermaster's department
died at theTrocha hospital, Havana,
last Friday morning of yellow fever.
T. B. Stuart, of Utica, Iod., a clerk
in Col. Williams' department, died
three hours earlier of the feyer at
Quinta Del Rey hospital.
Gfn. Joe Wheelkr was given a
cordial reception at the Capitol on
his visit to Nashville last Thursday.
Several thousand people were in at
tendance, and he was P--
with a magnificent sword by the lo
cal chapter of the Daughters of the
Confederacy. The welcoming ad-
dres8 was made by Governor-elect
The joint commission of the Hol
tton and Tennessee Conferences of
the M. E. Church, has elected Rev.
whores gned. ivev.
ot the Tennessee Conference, was
elected assistant editor.
Tennessee trie ni- ---
Will vv ii"
formerly whs. Several of there op
erators have plants of varying effi
ciency and completeness, and one
large new plant will sho-tlv he erec
ted, with a strong probability of two
The Tennessee Phosphate Com
pany Is the only one so rar wmi a
complete and thoroughly equipped
plant, and the prices they receive
for their product conclusively de
monstrates the improved condition
of tie rock when properly handled
The Louisville & Nashville Rail
road has at last waked up to the fact
that they have a great big business
here, and they have constructed
about a mile of storage and passing
tracks and a new depot, and now
keens a switch engine here constant
lv and is nutting in a pair of track
scales. The business is handled
from five freight stations in three
miles, while a sixth will soon be
added. The total amount of money
so far invested in land, plants anil
leases here is probably about $300,'
A direct result also of the discov-
ery of this field has been the estab
lishment of two new fertilizer iacto
ries at Nashville, the increasing of
the two already there and the estab
lishment of a new one at Florence
Whpn one takes into consideration
that lifter th 80 ner cent, rock of
Mt. Pleasant is exhausted, the 0
per cent, blue rock field of Swan
Creek will come in for another
twpntv-flve or thirtv vears and that
in addition to these the whole of the
Middle Tennessee basin is more or
less covered in spots with rock imi
larto Mt. Pleasant, analyzing from
fio to 70 ner cent, to sav nothing of
the Perry County hard rock, which
will come Into the market sooner or
later, only the question of difficulty
of access barring it now, Tennes
see might well be called the "Phos
AN IMERKSTIXG TRIAL.
Judge Krvt in lint a Hard Time With Two
Judge Erwin had an interesting
case before him last Monday morn
ing. Two German tramps, who have
been in Uncle dam's domain for only
two months, had been arrested
and brought before him for trial,
harged with burning rails on Mr.
John W. Frierson's place situated on
the railroad near town. The for
eigners knew scarcely anything
about the English language, and ap
peared to be be utterly ignorant of
the charges againt them. As it has
been several years since Judge Er
win graduated from the school-room,
strive as best he may he could not
recall enough of his German to con
vey to the minds of the prisoners
the contents of the charges. He
twisted his English around in every
conceivable shape and form, punc
tuating it with a series of fervent
gestures, but, twist as much as he
may, he could not twist it into the
craniums of the two prisoners. Ev
ery ellort of the Judge to teach them
English proved futile, and the for
eigners didn't know whether they
were being exprobated for building
bonfires out of another man's fence
rails, or were being honored with
dissertation on "Who Struck Billy
Finally, however, an ir.t rpnt
was secured in the person of Mr.
Maui ice Rothschild, the tailor, who
interpreted the contents of the
charges and informed the foreigners
Df the position they were in. As
Mr. Frierson did not desire to prose
cute the ca-ea. Judge Erwin turned
the offenders loose with the pn
vision that they shake the dust of
the city from their feet immediate
Follow the Election
SINE NEliKOES WERE KILLED
During One Day at M llmlnEtoti Jlu.
der anil Riots at Other I'lucea Negro
Newspaper Otlloe I)et toyed.
Iv the next General
"TV Z. Kpnate-Lwer.. IT; far
mers, ? ,
surauv:, farmers, 35;
3: magis""""' - -
1; puoii!",r' i
itnrs .2: printer.
bookkeeper, 1; mechanic,
dorsing both theories, the writer
would not dare to diner with eitner,
and luckily he find- himself utile
from a long and thorough, ooserva
tion to endorse both of them. A
n itieal examination of a section of
the phosphate deposit at almost any
nlace in the field will show th it it
consists or two maimer puns, me
lower of which is undoubtedly
leached limestone and the upper
mst as surely is the same as the
blue rocK, very mucu uisiuieiriui,e,u
Theories, however, ngnt or wrong,
do not affect the value ot the aepos
its commercially or otherwise. At
hiiv rate, we have a little pocket of
some nine thousand acres of land,
variously distributed over which are
about 2.000 acres of first-class, easily
available phosphate rock, showing
mm vs s varying irom (o per cent, to
84 per cent, bone phosphate of lime
covered bv irom one to twelve ieei
of eas lv removed overburden, auu
vieldinir from 2.600 to 5.000 tons of
" . " . . . .
marketable rocK per acre, a con
servative estimate would fix the
available tonuage of high grade rock
at about fi.OOO.OOO tons, which means
at least twenty years' work to tx
haust it. It also means, if properly
handled, some four or five million
dollars in profits to somebody, yet as
usual the bulk of that profit will go
outside of Tennessee. Discovered
in the summer of 1896, when even
gold dollars were not easy to dispose
of, it was naturally extremely unn
cult to interest capital in the de
velomnent of the industry, and as
the stuff is so easy to mine that any
body can work it, very many peopi
who could work but had no money
i?nr. into the business and soon the
unheard-of spectacle was witnessed
of 80 per cent, phosphate rock being
... . ... i . . i rn .
1 1 h w k e a about tne mantes oy ium
Dick and Harry at prices varying
from 1 to tl.40 per ton f. o. b. cars
at the mines.with painfully few tak
Well, Tom and Dick are gradually
.hnno-inu-into Mr. T homas ana Jir
rtii. hard" and Harry has very nearly
worked out his little dab of cheap
rock, so that, whereas in 1890 and
1897 only 145,000 tons were shipped
and most of this at nearer the lower
of the above prices, so far in 1898
oor 40.01 X) tong have been shipped
at prices ranging irom ?i.ou to .i.ou
per ton, and it is safe to predict an
annual output for the future of $300,
Mount Pleasant tock iouiiu its way
into the European markets in com
petition with Florida hard rocK at
first, because it was offered cheap,
it aftprward found its way into
. . . ... . i..
the Eastern domestic marneis m
competition with Florida pebble and
South Carolina rock, because of the
war "topping the coastwise trade. It
seems to hold its own in both places
by reason of its really being a supe
It is also very probable that th
general demand has very greatly
increased, since prices of the other
phosphates mentioned have also very
greatly raised. The principal ship
pers from the field are:. The Ten
nessee Phosphate Company, J H.
Carpenter & Co., the Blue Grass
Phosphate Company, the Columbian
Phosphate Company, the Central
Phosphate Company, the Petrified
Hone Mining Company, Uobin
lone. F. Hardy & Co , and the Mt.
Pleasant Phosphate Company, in
addition to whioh are several small
individual miners and shippers.
No two of these seem to fee alike,
and there is no semblance of organi
zation or unity.of action, though, of
coure. it is better now in - the re:
epect of cut-throat" prices than it
NAVAL OFFICER KILLS HIMSELF.
Lieut. H. G. Drenel Mutciileg In a Hotel
Baltimore, Md.. Nov. 14. Lieut.
Herman G. Dresel, U. 8. N., com
mitted suicide in the Carrollton
Hotel to-day, by shooting himself in
the head. From papers round on
his body it is surmised that he kill
ed himself because he had bepn or
dered to Manila to join the United
States steamer Z.iffro.
Dresel was 38 or 40 years of age.
He entered the navy on September
2, 1870, at Annapolis, having been
ppointed from Ohio. On May 4,
1896, he was made a Lieutenant.
During the Spanish-American war
he served on board the ruritan.
Following the war. he was transfer
red to the Essex, and it Is said the
transfer to Manila was made on ac-
count of his value as an officer
which marked him out for continu
ed active duty.
MT. PLEASANT BONE-ROLLERS.
Fourteen ''Ciilluil Snortu" Arrenteil Lant
Deputy Sheriffs Harder and
Church and Constable H. B. Ladd
raided two negro crap games at Mt
Pleasant last Saturday night, and
gathered in fourteen of the bone
rollers. Isineof the negroes were
caught under a shed of the Tennes
see Phosphate Co., and the other
five were cmight singing "seboen
an' erlebben" in a shanty at the
Hardy mine. The offenders were
tried before the tribunals of Justices
Bostick and Ricketts and assessed
with fines and costs amounting to
MURDEREi) HER STEP-SOS.
Seriou Charge Agalnitt a Woman Llv
lug Near Nativill.
Nashville. Nov. 14 Mrs. Nora
Woodruff, wife of J. J. Woodruff,
farmer living near Madison Station
was arrested Saturday charged with
the murder of her 5-year-old stepson
The boy disappeared, and after find
intr his hat in a pond, his oouy was
recovered by dragging. His head
was badly bruised and a physician
decided that he was dead before be
ing thrown into the pond.
Mrs. Woodruff was seen whipping
the child, and the coroner's jury re
turned a verdict holding her re
HOODS ible for the child's death. She
denies the charge.
Woodruff married the woman
Louisville two years ago, having
met her through a matrimonial
HACK AT THE CAPITOL.
Made from pure
cream of tartar.
Safeguards the food
Ate Seveu BodieR of a Germ til Schooner'
A story of cannibalism in the Solo
mon Islands has been received at
San Francisco. The crew of the
German schooner Sea Ghost, which
put in at Huka Island, was set upon
by the islanders, and after a desper
ate fight seven were killed, one was
wounded and two were taken priso
ners, this comprising the crew. The
savages then set about making a
meal of thir dead victims, when
they became drunk from liquor
found on the ship the wounded stiuor
and the two prisoners made their es
NO LOVE FOR SOLDIERS.
Preacher at Knoxvllle Denounce the
Military Camp At a Menace.
KxoxviLt.K, Tknn., Nov. 13. Rev. H.
it. Acree, pastor of the leading Baptist
church of this city, to-night denounced
from his pulpit the presence of the mili
tary camp as a menace to this commu
nity, and said he would rejoice wheu it
is removed. He said the presen"o of
soldiers exercised a demoralizing effect
on the good morals and society of the
citv. He declared that three revival
services had been broken up in this
citv on account of the bad iniluence ex
erted by soldiers present in large
The race troubles ill North Caro
lina reached their climax on Thurs
day of last wek at Wilmington.
Nine negroes were killed, three
white men wounded, and the office
of the Record, a negro newspaper,
The editor of this paper had pub
lished an article defamatory of white
women, and a mass-meeting of citi
zens ordered his explusiou from the
city within twenty-four hours, and
the removal or his press, i ne negro
skipped, but left his printing outfit,
and the whites procneu to carry out
the:r threats, demolishing the fix
tures end then setting fire to the ol-
This aroused the negro element
of the city, and a race war followed,
with the results as stated above.
The editorial that b-ought about
the destruction of the Record refers
to white women in general in the
"We suggest that the whites guard
their women more closely, thus giving
no opportunity for the human iienil, be
he wliite or black. ou leave your
goods out of doors and then complain
tipcnurie thev are taken awav. Poor
white men are careless in the matter of
protecting their women, especially on
farms, 'i hey are careless of their con
duct toward them, and our experience
among the poor white people in the
country teaches that the women of that
race are noi any more pai uciuai '
matter or clandestine meetings wun
colored men than are the white men
with colored women. Meetings ot this
kind go on for some time until the wo
man's infatuation or the man's bold
ness brinns attent'on to them and the
man is lynched. Kverv negro lynched
is ealled'a 't)iir. burl v. black brute,' wheu
in fact niiinv of those who have thus
been dealt with had white men for their
fathers and were not only not blacK
and burly, but were Bi)IU"iently attrac
tive for white girls of culture anu re
linement to fall in love with them, as is
well known to all."
, are the greatest
lealth of the present day.
ROVAl BAKIM) POWDER 00., NFW YORK.
TO LEASE THE IMIILIIM'INKS.
As an outgrowth of a difficulty on
election day, a bloody riot took place
at Rehoheth. N. C. Six negroes ami
two white men were killed, and live
white men wounded.
A (ilitaiitio Pi nM(-li Inn MmiIb liy mii
Paris, Nov. 12. The Spanish and
American conniiisMoiis had undr
consiilei Htion at their sepante ses
sions to day an extraordinary propo
sition from a commercial company
regarding the control, deposition
and government of the Philippines.
The rull name or nie company is
I'he Commercial Company of the
United State and the Philippines.
Its capital Is sf li iiOiKl.ooo 'I h com
pany olters ro give rspaiu ic ooo uro
for her sovereign rigtn ovci ui
Philippines; to give h United
States, as a b inus indemnity, !fl2o,
OUO.miO, and reserve for a working
The company asks mat ine rump-
pines be governed for 25 years the
same as any of Hie rerruories 01 me
United States; that halt the legis
lature be nominated by the com
pany; that the company have the
right to fix and arrange all import
and export duties; o charter all
commercial and local companies in
the iflands; to i-tablish all hanks
and issue currei.i- under the I nued
Htates currenc ...id banking laws.
The company aiso asks the rig.it
to nominate two-thirdsof the county
und city officials. It undertakes to
pay all United Mates ornciais anu
maintain a police force and stand
ing army if necessary.
The chief agent ot the company i
J. ii. Young of Utah, a son ot Hiig-
ham voung. He is in correspouu-
ence with President McKiuley, who,
it Is ulleged, has advised the Aineri-
can uommission to conquer wiu
company's proposition, flu was in-
trouueed to the Atneiican toui-
mission by 1). O. Mills. lather-In-law
of Whitelaw Reid. Young has
filed the company's proposition with
Iwo Necroes and One While Man Killed
In North Carolina M-jnday.
Columbia, S. C Nov. 14 Thr
was more bloodshed in Greenwood
and Abbeville counties to-day. Two
negroes, one a woman sixty years
old. and one white man were shot.
All the shootings are traceable, it
said, to the killingsof last week.
The situation is said to no longer
present a political feud, but a race
war which Gov. Ellerbe confesses
himself powerless to control. At
Wilmington the military patrol was
iismissed to-diy and the city placed
in the care of seventy-five police
men. Whites nave neeu sent oy
the Mavor of the city to scour the
woods for negroes who tied and in
vite them back.
Taylur Returned Monday, Looking;
Freiili and Strong.
Gov. Robert L. Taylor, who has
been absent from Nashville for
many weeks on account of illness,
returned to the Capitol last Monday.
The Nashville papers say he looks
fresh and strong, and is undoubted
ly in splendid condition.
Gov. Taylor confirms the report
that he will make Knoxville his
home. He has one or two long
standing engagements to fill this
w nter. but savs ne will De in iasn-
ville most of the time, unless sick,
until his term expires. Along about
the first of February he will start
out with a new lecture upon which
he is at work and the name of which
is "Love, Laughter and Song."
DISCUSSION MUST CLOSE.
The Cabinet Say Spain Mut Accept or
15 eject our Demands.
Washington, Nov. 12. The ad
ministration has instructed the
American Commissioners at raris
to bring the Philippine question to
a head next week, as a result of a
cabled report from Judge Day, re
ceived this morning, indicating that
the negotiations were not advancing
as rapidly as the President desires.
The President thought it suffi
ciently important to require the im
mediate consideration of a special
Cabinet meeting, which was called
as soon as lie nad received ine caoie
gram. At this meeting the situation at
Paris was thoroughly discussed un
til a general agreement was reached
that the American Commissioners
should be advised lhatthe Spanish
members of the commission must be
brought to understand promptly
that they must definitely meet our
demand for the Pnilppiues and
accept or reject it.
No formal ultimatum is tc be giv
en, but the main question is to be
settled speedily, so that the only
thing to be left open to discussion,
namely. lh matter of compensati in,
may be taken up at once.
TO KILL OF?" WHITES.
MAINE TO TEXAS.
Lonirent Telephone Line in the World U
Austin, Texas, Nov. 14. To day
the last wire was strung by which
Austin can have telephonic connec
tion with Bar Harbor, Me. The line
is 2,600 miles long and will be opened
to the public December 1. This long
distance system will also embrace
New York, Washington and all the
larwe Eastern cities. This is the
longest telephone line in the world
TROUBLE IN NORTH CAROLINA.
The curse of the attempts to con
trol the South by the votes of the
neirro population is repeatedly com
ing home to roost. Philadelphia
The result is peace, and white
men's government, and in the end it
will bring prosperity ior wnites ana
blacks alike. ether result should
have been expected. No other re
sult has ever ben reached in any
Anglo-Saxon community, and no
other ever will be. Birmingham
As a rule the colored people of the
South keep within the bounds of
propriety until white men incite
them to wrongdoing. The thought
ful negro knows that the timi will
never come when the white race
will submit to the domination of the
negro race, nor does he expect tli it
it. pver will be otherwise, and the
quicker all of them become thoug ht
tul along that line the better it will
be 'or them Kansas City Times.
It is all that we can do. ' Color
and country" was the slogan of :he
mob at Phoenix, and it is a slogan to
which all hoi, et white men m the
negro States of the South will re
spond : but wr must keep our hands
and hearts unstained by blood if we
would h ive ihe approval of our con
science or merit the confl letice of
the county. L'harle-tiMi New a-id
MIhnUhIiiI ami Alabama ecroe
reive Infamous Circulars By Mail.
Chattanooga, Nov. 12. John
Dav. of New Orleans, one of the
shrewdest detectives In the employ
ment of Uncle Sam, has just been
here on his way to Georgia and Ala
bama. His coming revived tbe interest in
the infamous circulars sent out to
the Degroes of Mississippi and Ala
bama some time since by parties un
known, and for whose apprehension
the Government would give a good
A badly torn copy of one of these
circulars was seen to-day. It had
been mailed recently from Alabama,
and it contained the vilest language,
urging negroes to 'outrage white wo
men whenever they could, and do
all in their power to kill off the white
people. It was signed, "A Commit
tee of t'ie Rose Rud Club."
Efforts have been made to appre
hend the parties who sunt out these
incendiary circulars, but so far no
one has been able to locate them.
Postollice inspectors from this office
have been at work on he matter
and have so far signally failed. Ne
groes have been recently found who
have received these circulars
through the mails and the mailing
postortlces of a number of the com
munications located but the inspec
tors have been unable by any kind
of decoys to get the guilty parties to
The authorities believe that these
circulars have had much to do with
many of the disorders that have
created so much apprehension in
Mississippi and portions of Alabama,
and they are not sure but what they
have had much to do with the con
dition of things in North Carolina.
Mr. Dav, it is stated, is on the trace
nf u batch of these circulars said to
have been m tiled from a town in
Garwood's Sais iparilla for the blood
guaranteed to cure. A. B. Rains
How a Crippled Newsboy Wan
By lll Companion.
"Here, boy : let me have a
"Can't, nohow, mister."
"Why not? You've got them;!
hbardoua minute ago cry them
loud enough to lie heard at tne City
"Yes, but that was down t other
block, ye know, where I liolleied."
"What does that matter? Come,
now, no fooling; hand me uiii a pa
per ; I'm in a hurry."
"Couldn't sell you no paper in this
here block, mister, cos it belongs to
Limpy. He's just up to the lurder
end now; you'll meet him."
"Aud who is Limpy, pray? And
why does he have this special
"Cos us kids agreed to let him
have it. Ye nee, it's a good run on
'count of the offices all along, and
the poor chap is that lame he can't
git around lively like the lest of us;
bo we agreed that the first oue
caught sellin' on his beat should be
lit on an' thrashed. See?"
"Yer.Idosee. So you newsboys
have a sort of brotherhood among
"Weil, we're going to look out for
a little cove what's lame, anyhow,
"There comes Limpy, now; he's a
fortunate boy to have such kind
The gentleman bought two paper
of him, and went on his way down
town, wondering how many men in
business would refuse to sell their
wares In order to give a weak, halt
ing brother a chance in a clear field-
Lafayette chapter, No. 4, of Royal
Arch Masons, will Irtve a cUled
meeting for work next Moaday
night, November 21, at 7 o'clock, in
the Masonic Temple.
My li:ity dufTrn-'l i'om terriblo Eezeir.3. ;
Ixir'rnr .vi'l every r"i-.'.'dy tried, to no account. ;
lTo i r'" 1 all tin? t....3 and his face wa liU .
t-.w fio.-it. I had ti enrry l:im on a vllIo"
.-rid v..n f.iirly ('.is. m:auctl. I w I'a'.f a
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