TUB COLUMBIA HBUAIJ): Fit DAY, DECEMBER 30, 1898.
Tfi mm m.m ..w ii .i w. m
1 Santa Clans' Mm to the
F'r. vN.wH.i,- ; . .... .
The jolly old ge ntl man i here and has brought something for every child in thia town and it is
oi. exhibition in OUR HOLIDAY GOODS AND TOY DEPARTMENT.!
He did not forget the hf folks either. They can find just what thy want for every member of
the family annts, uncles and cousins, relations, neighbors and friends, among our large assort
HOLIDAY AND CHRISTMAS NOVELTIES.
Dolls, all kinds and hlzes, from 5c to $3 50.
Hobby horses, a large assortment, from $1 60
Doll carriages. 25o to $2.00.
Toy wagons with stpel wheels and beds for
75c. DOc. $1 00. $1.25. and $1.50 each.
Air guns, Just , the things for the boys. 75c
Drums, Buck 8aws, Iron Toys, Games,
Desks, Pianos, Magic Lanterns, Beds,
Cradles, Tea Sets,,' Doll Trunks, Ten
Pins, Building Blocks every thing In the
Agricultural and LiYe
There is not much danger of los
ing any of the plant food in manure
hauled out to the fllds and spread
oil the frozen ground. It is better to
risk this loss than to pile it up and
let it flrefang or leach away. .
Feed the rats a few times in a cer-
. . . .. i .n
v n i vt v i unn n niiinua ill riu 111111 . n 11 i
you win their confidence, and then
. anrlnkln fhA hnnon with roillfh on
rats. You may not succeed in kill
ing all of them, but they will leave
straightway a locality which threat
ens them with Oo much harm.
Upon our new Western fannu ther
Is yet a great lack of suitable barns
There is reason for thls, but a good
barn will save enough which would
otherwise perish or be wasted to pay
lor nseir in uve or six years.
A poor phce to live is a farm with
out an orchard, a good garden or a
yard of shrubbery ; and usually we
find a poor sort of people living on
Clover sown in March will almost
always grow and live. Often there
is'a failure to patch because It is
too late in the spring.
There Is Work every day In the
year for the good farmer. He who
can not find employment which is
profitable during the winter has
missed his cilling, and shoujd sell
out to some one else. ,
A cat or two kept about the barn
and never fed at the house will keep
all the rats away. A hog being
made ready for market will eat no
more corn than a rat can wate.
, . .T,he scientific farmer is simply the
,, one who Works by rule, aud follows
' the best methods to accomplish his
'work.' ;Nq i other kind of. farming
pays,nor will ever pay in the fu
iure the day is past for the old
No money brings larger interest
than that invested, in drain tiles
Wherever water stand 24 hour at
any . time ' there the dralu should
certainly go; now Is a good time to
mark these spots, that- the- digging
may be done early In the spring.
Get ready for the wire fence which
must be built this spring; the posts
may be driven with a maul or sledge
When the frost first goes out of the
ground a good deal cheaper than
holes can be dug and posts planted
later. Two men can drive 200 posts
in a day, and they will be in more
firmly than where they have been
set in holes.
It r eally takes all there !s of a man
to handle a 40 acre farm and make
It do lta best without any waste. It
calls for good financiering, good
' work and good sound judgment. Let
him who owus such a tract never
think the farm will take care, of It
self while he devotes part 6f his
time to other pursuits. There are
too many complications to watch to
admit of any such thing.
By constant watchfulness the time
atul labor required to keep things in
a neat and attractive shape about
the farm is never missed. While
the ground is so frozeu that we can
-?'!, uj,- V Wl f,"!'"," ' ".V".' "Til" ' "J
, ent,. economical
Buck's Steel Ranges or Cook Stoves.
They are. the onlv stoves we would be willing to sell you without
vntir'wile beiny alon'to ratify the sale, but there is no risk on Buck's.
They're sure to suit! ;
Children of ColnmMa:
CITIZENS' TELEPHONE No. 73.
not pav much attention to what is
in the B-rourtd. it is well to look after
our possesions which are on top.
.Early plowing allows tne iate
frost to pulverize the soil, and the
ground may be turned when there is
mnra nrdfor in ir. thuri wnnlfl ha Ml-
lowahle later. Where sod Is to be
plowed, it should be turned over as
oarltr ua rwiaalhla In nrrlnr f.n Int the
cold weather of early spring kill otl
tne gruDS ana oiner insects which
have been hibernated in it.
European countries are finding
that where pure, clean food is given
to hogs in clean pens and boiled wa
ter only is supplied, they are not
troubled with cholera The germ
theory explains hog cholera, and we
know that where hogs are allowed
to drink filthy water tha cholera in
some form will develop.
Get the boars and sows In good
breeding condition early; a Utter of
pig in March is worth much more
than one in. May. To get strong,
healthy: pigs, both sire and dam
must be in perfect health at the
time of mating. Do not turn the
boars loose with, the sows, but let
them give a single service and shut
them away for the day, and your lot
of off spring will be the better for it.
If you can manage to have all the
pigs come about the same time it is
easier to take care of them, and
there will be a more even growth.
; After the sausage has been nicely
prepared and seasoned it can be kept I
indefinitely., by sealing it in Mason I
jars, after they and their contents I
have been Wf 11 heated In a common !
boiler. The heating will cook the
fat just enough to have it nicely fill
all the interstices.
There are no inflexible rules in
feeding, for each animal has its own
nature. Vary on occasion, Keeping
it in appetite and health. As a rule,
each hundred pounds of weight in
an animal requires three pounds ot
When the farmer turns manufac
turer the byproducts swell the farm's
productions. Turn the hay and sil
age into milk and butter, the hay,
grain and fodder Into beef, roots
Into wool and muttou, and the corn
and grass into pork.
One great objection to cross breed
Ing is that the offspring can uot be
used to advantage in breadlngagain.
Such stock Is very difficult to
handle, and the plan should be shun
ned altogether, If possible.' '
i If bees are to be .wintered in the
ordinary thin hives they should by
all means have some sort of extra
covering, otherwise th moisture
arising from their, will condense and
frccm iu the hive, encircling tr.e
bees with ic. -On a warm day this
will mlt and run down over the
comb and bees and produce disease.
If the hives are covered with snow,
M it remain; it will do no harm,
and is h protection' during a very
cold spell. The entrance may be
your Ufife ! !
appreciate nothing so much as one
.1 H& a 1 tt 1 s Anifon1.
Kxqnisiteeifto In French China. Cabaretes,
Salad Bowls, Ompoteers, Pickle Dishes,
Jarrianiers. Individual Cups and Saucers A
big lot, over 200 patterns, after dinner coffee
cups, no too alike, your choice, 25c.
CUT GLASS:-Beautiful cuttings, best
makfs. Tumblers, bowls, mugs, celeries,
RRTC A-BRAC: Bohema glass vases, 50c
to H 50. Loving cups, art metal vases, Ink
wells, mirrors, candelabras, 'fnd letter racks.
Lamps n-ver before was there, in this city
such a Intra and eleirant dieplav of lamps.
Price s from 2"c to $20.00. Worth a trip to
town to see them.
filled and the hive covered for da s
with advantage in severe , weather,
Feeding and grooming will not
nuke a prize winner out of a scrub,
and yf tit requires good food and
conna it care to enable any animal
to reach Its inherited possibilities,
no matter how good it may be at the
It Is easier to prevent waste than
to repair it. Auy loss is hard to re
train The wise farmer beu-an feer
ing his animals early in the fall,
that there might be no loss of flesh,
or aiminianea productions, when
winter begins everything should be
in prime condition if it is to be at its
best in the spring.
Steers of the dairy type do not
serm to reeu out satisfactorily, and
feeders do not want them. It is well
to forestall this objection by dispos
ing of such steers while calves as
v-als. It Is discouraging to keep a
steer two or tnree years and then
he taunted with ridiculous offers for
Among cows the fores of individu
ality is so great and the laws which
govern it so unknown that our only
way is to "prove all things and hold
rast that wlilcn is good. ' Full sis
ters may develop the one into the
highest and the other into the lowest
extreme of usefulness.
A cow which gets fas while i-i
milk Is not being fed properly nor i
not worth Keeping in the dairy.
Give less corn and more bran and
clover hay to the herd. A good
dairy cow is usually lean in flesh,
but she should be strong and vigor
ous, and he fed a ration which de
velops vital force and plenty of
muscle. Huch a cow will turn the
fat In her feed into cream.
If the cows have accer-g to a good
stream which does not freeze, there
will be but little necessity for warm
ing the water they drink during the
winter; but it 'he supply be so small
that it can not be kept from freezing.
the warming will be round profit
able. Therefore, the need of warm
ing drink for the dairy will depend
Scalded chicks look rough the
next day. and the skin turns dark
where they have been rubbed. ' To
prevent this, put them in cold water
over night, and they will keep their
Color foe many hours and look bet
ter than when first dressed. Change
tne water oeiore you go to DdU.
If every farmer would head his
Doultrv each vear bv birds not tie
lated to the fowls on his place, he
could make enough out of a hundred
hens to pay for his feed mid to buy
all his groceries. Unless he doubts
thi?, he is unwise who will not take
upon himself the little care required
Those who do not have eggs to eat
miss one of the luxuries: they are
perfectly balanced in food elements,
and there is nothing which can
supply their place; and then they
find a market everywhere, 'and
above the regular price if perfectly
clan and fresh and delivered regu
larly. Egs are recognized as cheap
food every where, and their use is
constantly increasing;' .
If the boys shoot a rabbit and you
do not care for it, hatig it up in the i
foultry house for the hens to eat.
n cold weather it will be 'all right
until the lat of it Is gone. If the
weather is warm, cook It. and then
mix bran with the shreds and the
water in which It has been cooked,
and it will make an extra dainty. A
good rabbit will supply meat for a
week for 50 hens.
Epicures have objected to the
stulllng of turkeys. People have be
come so accustomed to the flavor,
however, of the stuiliing In the meat ,
of fowls, that it seems almost im
possible to get along (Without it.
None is more objectionable than
bread stuffling. for it acts as a sponge
and draws the juice from the meat,
leaving it dry, and in some degree
tasteless. Chestnuts boiled tender
serve thepurpose well. Potatoes, or
tven rice, may be substituted.
Trees set out late In the spring
may grow, but those planted earlier
will do better. Often the ground
may be plowed during the winter.
and the necessary manure applied;
the orchard should be planned and
stakes set where the trees are to go.
and, if the soil is porous cr well
drained, the holes may be dug at
any time. Then, when the trees are
set out, not only label them, but
have a plat which will show you at
any time what variety is growing
on any given spot. .
Berries can not be grown ana
marketed as easily as wheat, corn or
potatoes, but, like gardening, re
quire the greatest concentration of
good soil, labor and study, with
berries, ordinary farm methods are
Cherry trees differ from others in
that they do not seem to require
cultivation; those which stand in
dry places and are surrounded by
grass seem to do better than those
in the field or garden. In the gar
den thpy seem to either get too
much moisture or too much manure.
Nf-xt summer if we give more
attention to cultivation in the berry
patch, we 6hall hear less complaint
of the damage from the drouth.
Tobacco stems are cheap, and it is
well to buy them and mix with the
horso manure In the compost. I hey
contain no small per cent, of nitro
gen, phosphoric acid and phos
phorous, and make an excellent
plant food, especially lor garden and
Trim the grapes before the sap
starts, and at any time during the
winter when the vlnesare not frozen.
Quinces sell well, and the bushes
occupy but little ground; they are
easily cultivated, and grow well on
most good soils, prune them as
vigorously as you do any other tree.
THE PETRIFIED LEGS
In a cabin on the shores of Lough Neagh,
in Ireland, ' lived Michael O'Doherty, his
wife Norah, and hia ion liriun. Their living
was a scanty one. It came from the sale of
the fish that tbey caught in the blue waters
of the storied lake.
For many yeurs Michael's little boat, luden
with fish, had pushed to and fro on the waves
beneath which gleam the spires and roofs of
(tie long-submerged city of Eat ha. As
Michael gazed into the depths, he often im
agined that be could discern the streets and
houses, fathoms and fathoms below, and he
wished that he could go down and secure
borne of the treasures that tradition says
have been buried there for ages.
Anyone who doubts that the town of
Eacha reposes beneath the surface of Lough
Neagh should consult the guide books. His
doubts will be dispelled when he reads the
narrative which relates how, in the reign
of King Lughaidh Kiubhdeargh, a well,
which had been blessed by one of the early
saints, existed in the valley now occup'ed
by the waters of Lougb Neagh. This well
possessed extraordinary healing powers,
which were to exist so long as visitors, when
leaving, carefully closed the door by which
it was protected. Among those who tried
the holy waters of the well was a lady who,
overjoyed because of the benefit she hud re
ceived, rushed off, forgetting to close the
door. The angry waters burst forth iu a
flood, drowned the lady, covered the town of
Kucha, and filled the whole valley, forming
the luke as it now exists.
I. anyone remains skeptical after perusing
I,'": loregoiug, he should rcaJ Moore's well
known poem beginning:
On Lough Neagh's banks as the fisherman
When the calm clear eve's declining,
He sees the round towers of other days
In the waves beneath blm shining.
Michael had never read these lines, la
truth, Michael hud never read anything.
His knowledge of books was limited, and it
is questionable if he, would have known the
difference between a set of the Encyclopedia
and a volume of smoke; but he believed iu
.the existence of the city under the luke as
much us he believed in his owtTexIstencer
llud he not heurd stories of it ever since he
was a child? and did not his father know a
man who knew a man who knew u man who
told him that he had been down and had
walked through the streets of Eacha, but
was scared away by a fiery dragon before he
could seize any of the treasures! !
It wus hard indeed for Michael to bear the
thought that only a short distance beneath
him fresh herrings were chasing each other
through ' the corridors of the deserted
houses; that mayhap mermaids and mermen
were carousing among the wine butts in the
cellars; that crabs and lobsters were prowl
ing through the larders and dining on fossil
cheese and solid mince pie; and that slimy
cteulures were crawling over treasures of
gold and silver that, if possessed by him,
would make him the richest mun in the
province of Ulster. .
Michael bad been told by a gypsy woman
that he would never be drowned, and that
he would accumulate a good deal of money
before he died. He knew that he could never
accumulate any while he remained a fisher
man. Allured by the hope of speedily acquiring
wealth, he determined to go to the bottom
of the lake, explore the houses of the sub
aqueous city, and loot llieiu of their treas
ures. He borrowed sut'ic lent money to pur
chase an old-fashioned diving bell, and one
day beguu operations. L'ulortuiiately, us
the sequel will sho, lie selected u part nf
the Juke where the wull-knuwn j.lrifvi"
a m mm m xm, n 1
And dealers In all kinds of Metalic,
Cloth and Wood Caskets and Cases,
Burial Robes, etc. Bodies embalmed
and prepared for shipment. Orders in
town or country promptly attended to
at nil Hours, day or nig lit.
Elegant New Hearst ?S
Office and Sale Room corner 8lxth and
Citizens' Telerhonp, office 45, John
Ola' residence, Bell Telephone 279.
Surreys and Phaetons, also medium and cheaper grades. Latest
styles and prices right. Large stock of Harness at prices to suit
customers. See ........
qualities of the water are particularly pow
erful, and where wood, bones und niuny
other things, when placed even for a short
time in the water, turn into stone. The wood
silicilied iu Lough Neagh is considered very
valuable for sharpening knives and other
Michael found little difliculty in reaching
the bottom of the lake, but his search for the
treasure vaults of tne ancient Irish proved
vain. Repeated diving, during several days,
in different parts of the lake, were also
fruitless, and Michael was obliged to give up
the search, discomfited und exhausted.
Imagine his surprise, when two days after
wards, he awoke and discovered that both
his legs were so stiff that he could only hob
ble along with the greatest' difliculty.
closer inspection revealed the dreadful fact
that his shins were petrified. While 1'ia
body hud been protected in the diving bell,
his legs had been exposed to the action of the
Think of the horror of the wretched man
as he gazed at his Mail; and fossili.ed ex
tremities, lie limped arour as best he
could until he met his son Brian, lie told
him, while tears streamed down his checks,
how each of his shins hud been transformed
into a hone. Brian was amazed, and mur
mured, in sympathetic tones: "Ohonet
What will become uv ye, father "
The grief of Mrs. O'Doherty may be sur
mised when she reidized that her dear spouse
wus wearing a pair of petrilied legs; for, thus
disabled, he could not work. While bis
limbs might be ornamental, or valuable as
curiosities or as brte-a-bruc after he was
dead, yet they were otherwise useless. Pov
erty stared them in the face, until a happy
thought came to Mrs. O'Doherty. She con
ceived a plan by wbirh Michael might still
continue to be the support of the family.
She suggested to him the desirability of let
ting out his legs as knife-shurpencrs.
At first Michael was averse to the project.
He would have resisted, but Mrs. O'Doheity
was firm, und a three-foot hone is a poor
thing with which to kick. Concluding that
it was his only means of earning a livelihood,
he advertised himself as a hone, guaranteed
to give a kcti and superior edge touuy ar
ticle" of domestic or farming cutlery, from a
lazor to a scythe.
, People flocked from all quarters to see
the petrified man, and brought a variety of
edge tools to test the qiw'ity of the unique
whetstones. . It was an astonishing sight to
see Michael stretched daily on u block in the
little yard behind his ruhin, surrounded by
gaping visitors and customers, while one of
their number dexterously sharpened a chisel
or a hay knife on one of his fossil legs. It is
said that even invalids came from fur and
near to whet their appetites. As he charged
sixpence' a whet, he soon became rich. Ilia
earnings' increased with his fame; and so,
after all, the words of the pypsy woman came
true..!. Annoy Knox, in Lippinchtt's M;g
"X" Ray in Ktnmln Meat.
; Members of-the Mexican board of
health have just Imported from Europ-j
an X-ray apparatus It is to he used for
'Inspecting ciins of (ireservpd ineatwnnd
fruits, "to determine if they are lit for
Sariitua f Unnirn.
In the whole nf Kurnpe the women
have a mnloriM- of 4 S?9.0fln
' T. F. Anthony. Ex-Postmaster of
Promise Citv. Iowa, says; "I bought
one bottle of 'Mystic Cure' for rheuma
tism, and two dose of It did me more
good than any medicine I ever took."
Sold by A. B. Kajn, Drngglst, Colum
bia. , oct7-8m
careful drivers. Orders
ectfully solicited. Charges
Main Streets I
West's residence, No. 171 R. E. Nlch
Satterfield & Dodson.
PEOPLE WHO DIE.
Consumptive Travelers Are Not Want
ed by tbe Riviera Hotel Pro
prletors la France.
The hotel proprietors in the south of
France and tbe lilviera, that land of'
sunshine and roses, where happiness
and bolidnys are the business of life,
will not take in a traveler who haa the
appearance of being ill or is consump-,
tive looking. They would rather have a
Are thun n death in the house any time. .
For a death is the worst luck that car
befnll them. '
People go to the Tdviera to enjoy
themselves, and anj-thing which re
mind one of tbe dark side of life act
ns n effectual damper to gayety. It
wasr .found some seven yeors ago that,
hotels where deaths took place got a,
bad name and did not prosper.
So at the present day when, not"
withstanding all precautions, a death,
doea happen to occur at a Riviera hotel,
the corpse Is taken out tbe very next
night by the bock entrance and, de
posited in the nearest church or ceme
tery. No mention is made of the death
by any of those who are aware of it,
and if one of the attendants should
chance to' whisper ft word of it to an
other it means instant dismissal, never
mind how old a servant he is of tho
A very grevysome sight it is if you hap-i
pen to be returning late to your hotel,
and chance to meet one of these silent
processions bearing a corpse to th
neighboring church. And under nc
conditions con you find out whose body'
It Is. as strict silence Is observed by thef
After the 2.1th of Kezt Month Ther
Wlll ne Three Hates Charged
for Letters. ,
In his annual report, just present
ed to the state department, t'onsuat
General IHttinger. at Montreal, says
thnt Canada is about to make an im
portant chnnge..ln her postage rates,
fin the 25th of next month there will
be three rates of postage on letters,.-
iz.: Two cents for Great Dritain and ',
l.er colonies, three cents for Cunuda
and tho United States, and five cents
for foreign country's. . If the experi
ment proves satisfactory, the postmas
ter general. It is understood, will then'
ieauce letter .postage for Canuda and
10 tne united .States to two cents. Aft
er January 1 next the newspn per rate
will be a quarter of cent a pound, but
after July 1 this will be Increased to a'
1 alf cent a pound. ,
(. DISCOVERED BY A WOMAN.
Another great discovery has been
nans inrl lht tnn hr 1 .. J l
'1 wj ca hi 1 j m
country. "Diwase fastened its clutches
"ci mm lur seven yars sne with
stood its severest tests, but her vialt
organa were updermined and death
seemed Imminent. For three months
she coughed incessantly, and could not
sleep. She finally discovered a way to
recovery, by purchasing of us a bottle
of Dr. Mug's Isew Discovery for con
sumption, and was so modi rpl!vd on
taking first dose, that she slept all niitat :
and with two bottles, has been abso
lutely cured. Her name Is Mrs. Luther
Lutz. lluis writes W. C. Hamnlck fe
l.''1?,f y'.N.C. Trial bottles free
at WoldrMii A Irvine's dm store.
Regular si z.e 50c and $1.00. Every bottle
guaranteed. (4) Junc3 ly
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