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The DurantwSUy flews
PfA U L L I N
Editor and Proprietor.
R. HIMER GLENN,
Office of Publication. North Third
Avenue, Durant, I. T.
Entered at tho Postofficc at Durant as
Second Class Mall Matter.
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Telephone No. 71.
DURANT, I. T., JUNE 2, 1905
WHAT SHALL IT BE.
Soon the two territories of Ok
lahoma and Indian Territory will
be mado into anew state, and we
will have another Btar in Old
Gl6ry and over one and one-half
million people will be granted the
right of freo men to make suoh a
constitution for our government
as ehall be fair to all interest, and
a bulwark of protection to the
weak and the lowly.
We need a constitution that
will make every man equal before
the law whether he be prince or
pauper, cobbler or capitalist; a
constitution that will not give tho
strong the right to plunder the
poor, or the poor the right to
plunder the rioh, but will give
every man a square deal in the
game of life and an equal oppor
tunity to life, liberty and the pur
suit of happiness. '
We have before us the consti
tutions of the forty-five btates to
study over and pick out their
best features; we have our past
history to warn us of the faults
and mistakes of other constitu
tions. We have the light of every
olaes and school of political
economist to guide us in making
our constitution the most perfect
in existence. There should be
but two rules to govern in adopt
ing any constitutional prov sion ;
First, is it right? Second, will it
) be for tho best interest of the ma
jority of our people? If both of
these can be answered in the af
'firmative tben it should be adopt
ed, whether it is of Democratic,
Republican, Populist or Socialist
The work of framing a consti
tution is a serious matter for it is
the foundation upon which we
are to build our laws, on it will
depend our future welfare 'and
happiness, and every man in this
country should see that the man
he sends .to this- convention
should -be of the broad gauged
kind who is not afraid of offend
'ing popular prejudice by doing
GRAVEL THE STREETS.
Why not gravel tho businoss
Greets in Durant? It is needed,
Siii 1 now is aa good time as any
o look after this matter
Tho News believes that the
Frisco road would lay tliis gravel
fcTomi un our streets at cost if the
matter was oarried.beforo them in
te proper way, pndff Xjq had
. e matter in shape to act anil
Jay for it when it was done.
WTraoks oould bo laid over the
weet8 and the gravel could be
Slumped there from the cars,
which would obviate the necessity
Tnf liniiHno' hv.waoron.
Every property owner on any
Street graveled should be willing
frpay his pro rata of this ox-
! ' i ., u jj 1
-,. uSRoMj. Jft.it would jdd very mate-
Then again, a gravel founda-
"II V' iE 3T
thffriBHt for an
tlorFia eaid to he thebest for an
asphalt' Buraoe, and whenever
wo decide to pavegwith asphalt
then we have ourfqundation
already to hand. Our Commer
cial Club should take this matter
in hand and give it a thorough
discussion at its next meeting.
Tho MuBkogee Phoonixi cqmes
out in an editorial suggesting tho
narhoiof Tarns Bixby for ono of
the first senators when wo get
statohoo i. Clarence was just
throwing that little boquet at
Tarns not that he expooted him to
take it seriously. Both of them
have long since learned that
Speaker Cannon has thoroughly
strangled ovory hopo of the Re
publican party for years to come
in gaining success in this coun
try. Mrs. Mary Ellen Lease has
been held up and robbed at the
point of a pistol in her apart
ments in Now York. When over
a woman puts herself in a man's
place she must expect to be trea -ed
as a man.' Besides, Mary
Ellen has held up tho publio for
many years and turn about is fair
BITTEN BY LARGE SNAKE.
Reptile is Angered and Inserts Fangs
in Boy's Leg.
Wagoner, I. T., May 27. Rioh-
ard Horndon, a boy about 15
years of ago, while out fishing
last Friday, was bitten by a lareo
snake. Young Herndon and an-''
other boy were seining a pond!
about four miles from town. Thov .
had come out of the water and
ran into the snake in the grass.
The first boy passed over tho
snake without seeing it but an-j
gored it, and when Herndon
reaohed it he was bitten. The
leg was immediately bound and
the boy brought to a doctor and
treated. Serious results may fol
low. TRIBAL TAX PAYMENT.
Creek Nation Merchants Will Have to
Muskogee, I. T, May 26.- In
dian Inspector Wright is in re
ceipt of a telegram from Secreta
ry Hitchcock, in response to the
communication of Attorney W.
T. Hutchings, in reference to
suspending tho appeal to tho Su
The seoretary direots that inas
much as no supersedeas has been
granted or injunction is pending,
in view of tho previous decisions
of tho courts, that the tax must
bo collected under instructions
It was stated at tho Indian In
spector's office yesterday that,
unless tho ruling of thoSecietary
of tho Interior is complied with
and the Creek tribal tax paid by
June 1, all delinquents .will bo
Tho condemned man probably
considers both ends of tho
tho bitter end.
GOOD for OLD andYOUNG
Aagtiit Flower keep thf children 1iFt1ttijr(a5d
trong , Jt
Full of vigor and frolic the whole ly long Wf
ho when Mamma need more they rutli offiln
' high glee, ' mb
And (iout to the druggist; "Please ilJt'to
rnabillty to get up brink and freitiljn
the morning, lack of appetite, pallor,
lUmldy complexion smr poor MilnU'-
theif all imlfcate allisonlered stomach
"ndbaddlgestlohi-in adultsanil children.
loo. They also indicate the urgent need '
of taking Green's August I'lower regu
larly for a few days,
tflVa a reliableold remedy frir all stomach
irouuics, never i.ui,tu vic nmixcauuii,
duk. Htchrvifr.ns4lprUo. 0d
troubles, never Ial!H,to cure tndtgestten,
w w"miu. -1
Ul fjMl IKNfll ' t
& fr.-A.JS" rfJS
Turns Deaf Ear o the Warning
of HitchcookTandrDeoisibn of
Chief is Not Seeking aAny Power
or Authority That Does Not
Belong to His Office. '
Ignoring the or.'ers issu- d by
Seoretary Hitchcock of the inte
rior department, fiat all deeds
nw his hands bf "turned to
mt uupannieni lor approvui,
Governor Green McCurtain of the
Choctaw nation v yesterday re
sumed the distribution of patents
to the individual Choctaw allot
tees at Atoka. Several hundred
fullblood Indians wero there by
appointment from Durant and
other towns. This act' on w II
probably invite tho issuance of a
restraining o der as suoh a course
was intimated by 8eoretary
Hitchcock when h'o warned the
governor to desist in the de ivory
The tribal officers
are courting a legal hearing of
Governor McCurtain in an in
terview stated his position on the
t land patent question as follows
"There never- has been and
there never will be any personal
feeling between myself and ho
secretary of tlie interior relative
to the insistence of tho depart
ment that the patents shall be
approved oi by tho secretary of
iho interior which convey 'titles
to tho lands in the Choctaw and
Chickasaw nations. My reasons
fur opposing tke secretary are:
"1. No authority exists any
whero that warrants suoh ap
proval by tho secretary of the in
"2. Af' or Govern r Johnston
and myself have signed these
patents we then become respon
sible to our po pie and the law
makes it our duty to safely de
The govern r further stated
that should he comply with the
wishes of the seoietary in this
matter and forward ihe patents
for his approval, he feared th t
they would suffer tho fato of
thousands of certificates of allot
ment that have never reached the
allottees, but have fallen into the
hands of grafter and adventur
ers that abound hero He states
that if this state of affairs should
find a paralel in the distribution
of patents the Chootaw and
Chickasaw people would hold
Governor Johnston and himself
responsible, because the law
plainly points out their duty to
"exei'uto and deliver" theo pat
ents to the allottees.
"I am not -seeki g any new
power or authority ' hat does not
attach to my, office," said the
governor, "neither am I a'irking
'any responsibility fixed ,by law,
have earnestly tried tj find away
that would continue the harmon
ious relations ex etinr ho'ween
thei department and my it minis-
itration. I nhall coiuuiubd heirt-'
ily oo-operato witn t ' dopart-j
ment in the-f'ture, to tiis end
Terrific Race With IKathV r
' - v tg v
' Death was fast
wtites Ralph F. FeriHudex of
Tnnipa Fla., de,c bing hs fearfu
rai-e with death, "rts a re'-ult of
( live troubte and heart disease,
. w. ch j, d robbed me o lei-p ad
, ,, :,; . 1 , . . v
I ?re-t ! I ''ad tried maiiv
jdilTtrqnt doctor-- and S'Vcral nied)
cine-., hut got no ben -fit until l
1 tiian to ue Electric Hitters
wiicc iu.! 1 ivii.iKC a new. man
today. Lar&xiuecJ pf.Lmy.
troupes'. Ra F'-iff
drug stores; rncejo",
FIRST ADVICES ARE
FAVORABLY TO ,T 000.
Koj-stvrnKlijr Appear In the IJor-:in
Mruits iliirln.- tin- llonim. In
a Fug, lnt" Latter l.lfltU
unci Itut'.lc llczlim.
2S. Affording in
the luiest iiiforniiilliiti, up 10 2 iimna
Monday morning. Hit- battle ,-lttii
th ItUKSli.ii um Jjpurii'K.- tinviil foirri
fill- tllH HIIIIK-llllliy of 111- OllfllUI K'-i f
hi ttlilvh huuKn IN- iiiiliiuiif nf (lir fur
Have 1 T
Enjoin IRMV II..
-iint-i. HlriiK:'.', Iiuh bPRun. If It liuiiJt
hi riiiiiini. tj dfclRlvrly All Ihp il'i.
imIici ifieived by thn - Associated
T'li-XK polntfd to 11 JjtuiiiHKB vlelmv
tlioiiRh It m not yK known whetlicr j
tin- full furip of rtuJcHtvenskys fBvt
I.ik hlps 100k part In the content j
whli h. accordliiR lo the dlpntchcH tn,k
n'"if In the KininnMillvnfv i.:rn, ..!
nnipnriitlvely narrow a-
1-ik i.f Ihe Ktiitliffur irn Tl.e f.ifit
Information cnino In a dlRnninh frrm
, me American consul at Nagasaki 'o
the dtule tleDnrtment nt WmtiinHnn
iriiini: mat tne Jnpimese had unk mie
Rusninn bnttlpxhln. rnur mher unr.hin.
und a irpalr hlp In the Korean
strait, and this was rolloued hy n. dis
patch, received by the state depart
ment, the date or whluh was not Rlvon.
uiiu me Japanese government hail
nilldo the fltinonnrptnnnl 1'lhni l.u j.. I
hod fengauud th- Uusslans In Klrnlt.
t 30Tea Saturday and hel them." I
The state ilinattmpnf iin ,ii,i,
Information that two of the vosrrln
reported to have been sunk were tho
Orel and the Borodino, and that threo
of the other -hips were cculsers Krrtn
Tslnptau, the German port on Ihe
ShnnntunB peninsula, came a report
that n runnltiB naval enuacement tooV
placf near the Island of okl In the Sea
of Japan 200 miles northeast of the
Straits of Korea, nnd that tho who'e
rtusslnn fleet did not participate, the
slow vepiels having been sent around
Japan. Itmlnn sources gle no news
of tin Uatile. while tho Japantfr" & -ernment,
followlriK Its custom. Is si
lent as to either 'the battle or Its out
come. The Orel nnd norodlno are of 13,r.l(J
tons displacement each, heavily armed, '
well protected and were designated,,
to make elRhfeen knots. They measure
397 feet by 7C feet, with twenty-slx-1
feet draught, and both have a lofty spar '
deck fully thirty feet above the water
line, extending from the bow to the
quarterdeck Forward Is mounted a
pair of 12 4-Inch puns In a turret pro-'
tectcd by eleven Inches of Krupp nr-,
mor Another pair of guns of the same
size Is mounted ,atL There are thirty
other guns of the intermediate bat-J
tery, and the vessels carry two sub
merged toperdo tubes andv two above
water A special feature of the ves-
sela is their vertical longitudinal bulk- ,
heads of Inch armor, running through '
the. whole length of the ship at n iIIm- 1
tame of nine or ten feet In boarl from
the shlpV sides, designed to lncal)7" '
the effect of n blow from a torpedo I
The belief In naval circles In Wash
ington Is that the Japanese resoi d
to 1 free use of their torpedo boo!'
in their nttarks on ihe vessels' of Vlre-1
Admiral RoJesUci sVy's fleet Th
Jarianee hnve-u laiRo numbet 1 f lotpe
do boats In their rwr. 'nnd tev rte'-i-enstrared
their f ""'Hears In ie op-'.
eratlons. around l'oit Arthur Naval
officials here express the opinion that i
It was unlikely that surh serious -(.-J
. 1 ns those reported rn-ji have betrti'
inincted oy ordlrary flic
BEG '."J I" ""TER'OON
Then ..- c i-n Grntze Elovuti n
t c 1-0 Grntze
. H 1 Hi-h Sea.
I.nni'd'n. May 28 -'" T'mes- iu&n
correfnontlmt pays thrt - ms from l
ti uhI r rthy, sources she
venslt ndprpflched T-n 1
fornoon "f sntijiri" 'm
..."... . ir ' ... ..
i.i t nin
: a fns
mi ii'h r.
iif-ii I'it-iirrn 11 i n 1111 ir,e mhoij v
the It i-llms were stshted b the .1 in-
nncf "e bWt'e wr- - . 1 Im-tv."
I Und 3 r'l0Clt,Jn t'"- r - TV
nr a strods broKe blowing ui'i
high i.ca. .-.'i .
A dispatch to the T!mi f .in PitJ
Tivf iii.ii n.privn
'" that n.prlvn'e irVnq,n rrn f-f,,.
. robably mrni p -inn Jurrns
ions itojestvensk- - m (&. 0
jcpuna iiojuixc'iK' " 10 rrttn.. it
n-.Da.A La Va.a .. .t FSPSt
,. .c-..,,- n iuw r-'i' t IIirfi1
nigni wiiaoui iicni" yin 'Imi'tvif
on4eirl) sble of Tsu frl n I Tfn'w
filing' Is1 skid to1 have IreAi hi-icin,"
'tjfen- Oj30 anil in;?0nt nlgvf $,
!e4e",;,3- It1 "OP11" JierjVh " "? Jiyt
one of RoJestvenskvV shlpi w'tffl)
tolv'acui .Friday ni'sbi, hnlpf b.en
Sfeldp"'1"11 b ' W0" M"4
'Tf(j-vf t j co
Five Warthlps Sighted. .
Mnnlla. May 291 warshlps'wete'
sighted off Corrtgidbr Island,' Infthe
enlancc of the Ray of MUnl'a iMon
doy morning, headed toftth It Is be
lieved that they were Japanese ''es
se, On Saturday two trimsports.'were
slgjited 12P miles west of the nnsVee
straits by the nrltlsh steamer Ytiv--sang.
Washington, May 29. Japanese Mln-
Ulster Takahlra has received a dispatch
rromi'iToWo'Ji saying iln effect nha Hh
flshtlfiK JMr'the naval Wittle thus fat
, beep,,, wih;aVriiv pOjfcfl
liiq japuneee, miic iininoicia uinpsicfi
is from pilvate sources.
I tf 1 rm T77Tft!irTr?SJ "
U V EAISTATrAGENTS ''?
vt - City Property
t. - Rentalgand
W & I
Represent ten of the b;st old line '
" componies--safe, sure ard-rcliahle
r "' " ' V' .J J
Two Doors North,
i FOR GOOD GOODS
1 J. D. HAYNES.
A A A A A A A A A A A A AAA A A A A A A A Q A A
! HARnwoon ijimrfp!
FOR SALE IN
Oak, Ash, Hackberry, Pecan and Cottonwood,
ah dimensions, by the car load or wagon load.
No ' order too large or small to receive our
prompt attention and filled on short notice.
$1.00 Per Hundred
Scarbrough & Wann
WAbE, INDIAN TERRITORY
The First National Bank, So. McAlester, I. T.
At tho close of business, March 14, 1905,
Loans and Discounts
U. S, Bonds to seoure circulation.. ..
Premium on U. S. Bonds ' . ."".
I'Bonldng Houso Purnituro, andljixturj3's. .'j .'. .
Other Real Estate
- x t
i ., '. , ,'
,, capital atocK
I TTnli'v!f1nrt Ppnfira
pfftppninHnn Ontfitflriflinrr ..
ircuiation.uutstanuing . . . ,
dividends Uipaid A
WASUJWUIVO . (
Total .... :.....-..,
r hereby cortify that ,theabove is correot
ttest: P, S. GENUNG,
J. JH. GORDOK'
Wi 'Jt tt$K 4 s "-,'
j, -, r,-r. .-. -rrr , - I
? f7 HARSHAW'S r-S9 s?S?
vouunncennu .'y , , . rv s
b MmTriTtif&'piltSZ -v1
f-,VAua in Hiiuv'Ui uuviuukiiuvbv,
I'M irTlMMiill Till
W ' X7wVfaWIV jiWWrw BWHWf
I Students enteral; any time. No vacation. Send forcatalog,
and Farm Lands
ef the Old Pestoffice
AND FAIR DEALING jg
This store can not be surpassed. J?
We do not sell goods below cost? r
but we do sell them, for less profit . 4
than others A trial bill is all we A
ask Our trade is increasing rapid- A
It. Why is thisr .. .J
Good Goods and Fair Dealing a
of tho Condition of
. '. ." .'
JPrj jf--HrV iHK(c(:vMfi.'Hi it .
E. T, BRADLEY,' Gashier.
wuaiWMr uiJtMVt, ibiiu ijiyuuiii itmiifO
rrTPSTIsWIWr laPH HFPWfl
im'tiHWii'm&r- - ""WMilrWwimi fcrtrwr-"'-"- -- -
mwwliw im'' - li"w8H ' ' - -nrfiiMi 1 iiiiimi r. in. .r, j,,. . m j
HfcflW8fe tv t a iiibiiii