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THE AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION
FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1021
The movement to establish tho of
fice of public defender, to represent
poor persons accused of crime, has
received fresh Impetus by the recent
passage of a bill of this nature by
the California legislature. The bill
provides for the election of a public
defender in each city and county of
California, after the approval of the
local board of supervisors. -TJra law
will soon be effective In nine coun
ties of that State, which Includes all
me oig centers 01 population.
Provisions for this now public of
ficer was made only after eight yean
of successful demonstration in the
City of Los Angeles. There was an
insistent demand for the legislation
by the principal civic organisations
of the leading cities.
The old Idea that the State can
do no wrong is no longer regarded as
ound by many of those who are
giving thoughtful consideration to
our criminal court system. Tho fact
that we have public prosecutors
would seem 10 Imply that we should
have public defenders if the ends of
Justice are to be met.
Public dofonse Is essential to pro
tect the legal rights of thoso who by
reason of poverty are unable to em
ploy skilled attorneys to defend
them. Voluntary legal aid or that
furnished by charity rails to meet
the need, while counsel assigned by
tho court is often Ineffective If not
Indifferent. Tho presumption of In
nocence should requlro tho Statn to
defend as well as to prosecute ac.
cuscd persons. If they are not finan
cially able to defend themselves.
California lies adopted a practical
way of reined vim: a teal defer! In
our present system of administering
Justice In our criminal emit In.
A LETTER FROM HISTORY
Thomas Carlvle. I In. cront RnolUI.
., " -
historian, painted a gloom picture I
ui vii.iwiiiuiin 10 nuropn iiineiy years
go. In one of his books, written In
1831 be ?as:
"Sad to look upon In the highest
stige of civilization nine-tenths of
mankind have to struggle In the low.
it battle of savage or even animal
man, tho battle against famine
In ono country we have seen lava
toronts of fever-frenzy envelope all
things;government succeeds govern
ment, like tho phantasma of a dying
brnln. In another country, we can
even now see, In maddest alternation,
the peasant governed by such guid
ance as this: To labor earnestly one
month In raising wheat, nnd tho next
month labor earnestly in burning It."
Carlyle might have been describing
Europe today, and the Europe he
poke of ninety years ago seemed not,
one bit less hopeless than the Europe
that seems tottering now.
He said. In 1831: "Socloty. wore It
not by nature immortal, and Its death
e?er a new birth, might, appoar, as it
does In the eyes of some, to be sick
unto dissolution, and .writing in its
But the "dying" Europe of Car
lyle's time got well and flowered into
a civilization that mado the nine
teenth century the most progressive
of the ages, and we of today may
take comfort by studying this lesson
of history of ninety yoars ago.
TO STOP SPEEDINO
In every section of the country
there is complaint about tho reckless
driving of automobiles- speeding,
as Is called. Officers of the law seem
powerless to put u stop to tho dan
gerous practice. Various methods
have been tried in different i.plnces
ut none have been effective.
But If an agreement entered into
by fifty leading citizens of a well
known southern city Is carried out
spoedlng will bo broken up, In that
locality at least. Thcso fifty citizens
havo slgnod nn agreement that they
will report to tho officers every per
son whom they see driving nn auto
niobllo at a reckless speed or In
dangerous manner, and will appear
as witness In tho evont of a court
If these citizens carry out their
agreement they will put a stop to
speeding in their community and
make their town a safer placo to live
In. Why cannot cltlzons of overy
community enter into such an agree
ment? DRINKING ON THE WANE
Not long ago tho country was
tartled by tho statement that 16.000
tons of raisins wero used last year by
the people of the United States In
making "home brew," a sort of sub
stitute for whiskey or wine.
That seems like a lot or mtuinc
'But It la nothing to compare with!
(ho 60 percent of our cum crop.
' which up until two years ago wuh
I Itaml nnillllilltf In .....III.... in1ilf.lli.il ....
"B uiiiiuuii iii iiiiiniii itiiintti;, iif-
cording III til"' prohibitionists,
.-,, , , . ... ... ,. . ..
Illi' fact Ik th.'i illlnklni; Ik nil 1 he
winiu. ii ip i.i piuiy nying om. i nu
r-H-r d.unken men now than m,
uw a yeai ago, iitul you Hill "n
wane. It l. rapidly dying out. Vim
letter 11 year fioin now than ou mm
lHinklug Is mi the wane. Two or
three generations from now few per
sons in this roiiiitry will know what
whiskey or wine taste like.
A PEW I)KV REMARKS
A number of liuseliull experts have
been mine to exnlaln the unusually
high butting uvorages being made
this year by players in the big league
teniu.-', but so fur not one of lliein
has SUECCStud that tirohlhltlnti Is
being tolerably well unfoiced this
Most of the newspapers have been
commenting upon recent, indiscreet
remarks by Ambassador George Har
vey and Rear Admiral Sims In Lon
don, but there has been no MiggeB
tlon that prohibition does not Drevail
in Ureal llritjan.
The one hundredth anniversary of
the battle of Waterloo has served to
recall the fact that at that battle
France was dofeated and crushed by
British and Russian troops.
Not quite one hundred years after
Waterloo, British and French troops
Joined in an alliance to crush Ger
many, an outgrowth of the old .Prus
sia. One naturally wonders what sort
of alliances will be existing one
hundred years from now. Let hr
hope them will be a League of Na
tions, or an Association of Nations.
or some world body, tepresentlng an
enlightened nubile sentiment nf the
world, which will he able to prevent
And if we could deflate politics
as well im credit wo would all he
World peace Is two and a half
years old. and can hardly stand
Yon lio uoticeil, of eoui.se, that
wild oats will thrive on any kind of
A right that cannot he seem hi)
without wronging other people hail
best be let alone.
Some towns aie so slow thni tho
uini 11.19 u:er ilirnc 111
ubnut the middle of August
Juno bugs ner uirlie until along
The uoillitiy must bo ni'ttlnir Imrk
to normalcy. Lightning rod agents
aie doing luminous again.
Of all Ihu mad words of tongue 01
pen. the iniiildi'it are these; "Them
chickens tire In the garden again."
Money is so tight this year th.it
H011111 of our veiy best people are hav.
ing summer colds Instead of hay
S01111; people are beginning to sus
pect that the Jows did not support
Henry Ford In his rare for the
Senate In Michigan.
Here is a Western man who trav
els for a corset factory; he tells his
friends that ho sells Jewel Cases.
There is a man In nearly every
town who believes that if he lives
long enough ho will see some of his
neighbors' chlldien hanged,
President Harding, we understand,
doesn't hold tho same opinion of the
Senate that he had when Senator
Harding was a member If it.
If you Insist upon talking about
your aches anil pains, you should be
pollto enough to llbten when the
other fellow stnrts to tell about his.
Some of our Republican friends
seem to think the country will never
gel hack lo normalcy until all tin
Demiicriils are removed from office.
Things may he all wrong, of
coinse. hut the fellow who is saying
the least about it Is probably the' one
who Is getting along the best
Di inking buttermilk may tint lie
very exciting, but it doesn't 'leave you
with a dark liiowu tnste in out
mouth next ninrnlng
Men will be happy when paper
clothes come Into general use. for
then they can take a pair of scissois
and tho paste pot and do their own
tU'.V TOTIMi IX KICXTlt'KY
(iun-totliiK lms been mado an tin
pardouablo offense In Kentucky.
Never will a guntoter sentenced to
prison bo pardoned by him, says
Coventor Edwin II. .Morrow. Tho
gun-totor Is the pntctitl.il man-klller.
To give him a good lesson beforo he
has a chunco to kill someone Is
much cheaper for till concerned than
after he has committed murder, Gov
ernor Mo row's crusade for disar
mament in Kentucky should he
studied by the more backyard com.
and Kansas City, Wo.
muimies. iiko New York. Chlcaeo
THE OFFICE CAT
tt ntt ttittt a tttttt an nnnnnn
UcntiKt (looking In
to his anteroom, where
a ..umber of patients
w-.e waiting): "Who
has been w: Mnt Z
Tailor (Who hint
called to present a bill): "1 have doc
lor. I delivered tnn dollies to VOU
threu yearB ago."
HE MAY NEED 'EM
Here is an unique and probably
Bill Spivcns says the man that "''1 elected and quuiltled. His con
thinks himself a "Die Oun" is usually 1 t'-ntion is backed by the legal opln-
consldered by those who know him 1 1""' of CUv Attorney, John A. Mac
to be loaded with hot air and paper Dunld and by Hayes & Mcintosh,
..m- ' Mi Ctfivvfirt onva
Mnry had u little lamb
Which drank a case of beer;
And every time that Mary talked.
That lamb seemed very queer
Because of that the little lamb
Her father shot It dead;
Now Mary takes her lamb to school
Between two hunks of bread.
The thlnits you intend to do when.
ever you happen to have time will
never help you very much along the
road to success.
. . . .
wotiody wants to go to the dentist .......... ... -o ..- y.d
when the tooth Isn't aching, or make "l,0,t"1 to swcc himself, but was
repairs ahead of the need. It, Is this m,t ",,I"etP1 " "21. The Mayor's
faculty for procrastination andl''"'",n"n Is that O. L. Shannon, be.
evasion that enables the human race
ibles the human race
to get what little pleasure It does
out of lire.
A HOT SHOT FROM PLATTER
Dear Office Cat Editor:
-vvnen it becomes necessary in the
:ourso of human events to Import
ur liquor from points nfar off
"When it becomes necessary in the
your liquor from points nfar off
and your grip repnseth in the car
aisle, dieam not of toothsome tnd.
dies on hot mornings nor of cooling
cocktails in mid-afternoon, for verily
thou mayest lose it at tho next wav
station; yea, at tho next blind siding
'bhould officer enter, claim It not
and thou shall be "carried on claim
it thou shnlt he taken, lea 'carried
on' with it. Lo! and behold a new
day dawned, the day of search and
seizure the blnnket warrent rom
pelh over the rlghti of tho citizens
and the constitution hecometh a
scrap of paper. Yell and shout loud
ly. 'Verily doth prohibition niolitlili.'l
urn tiie moon still shines behind the
cow shed and the kitchen stove burn
"Make you liquor with ens ami put
up an hour earlier.
(JIVE OR TAKE
The church collector approached
a ccit'iin Durant citizen and held out
"I never give to missions," whls
perod the citizen.
"Then take something out of the
troy" whispered the collector, the
money Is for the "eathen."
Why are people so proud of a
Family Tree? Trace any Family Tree
back far enough and you'll find a
To get best results go nfter them
yourself, says Bill Spivcns.
Man gets but little here below
That's why they make him the
He's hot and dry most of the time
But now he Is rocking tho boat.
Now that Gal.l-rurci hs shove,,
the singers how It Is done, let us
hope that the daughters or our'
neighbors will not experiment on us.
JHgl DEPOSITS GiiAtANTEgg"igM
ou have been "good" to your friends for
a lonjr time. You have been a spender. No
one ever called you penurious, or close, or
titrht. But what have you to show in re
turn? Why not be a "jrood fellow" to yourself,
open an account with this bank and turn
your uenerositv in vmn nwn .i,....,- ,i
credit? The results
HH&'':)Hi,E BANK THAT f
Mayor In A Row
A new rucus was precipitated in
. 1 1 v aff.ilts the past week when
- '"'' "" - . , - , ,.
v,!lV"r ' "w,es T,',.... . . T
'"', tm 8PaUI ? " "7 . ' 7 1
'"" ln,m ,h,!, K,0U,,h W",d' tt" !
' "" '' ",u "trk.l "".,ke m?h
tloi's on the minutes nnu icroriis.
M:or, .Mi. Howl."!, contended,
Ill'' '! .'" ' .-W.T.. ., uv..., ,
.1... oi..,-...iV- iofi.i .ivt.1i.vl In A nrtl
I ' III. I .T.'" '... ,... . .. ... ...
- ' 1,1 j,.,,p, that he was not reelected.
.,,.1 il,:.l mi nnu w:.s e.ected to kuc-
, 1 Mjm an,i that the place was v.i-
'cant. The Mayor also expiesscd the
.mention of loquestlng Koutth Ward
l,tpr8 to hold a caucus and recom-
.....mi ti atwf0cuni in i r. inviirr
11 l-,..IIJ Ull HIUV1IIIUII UUtalt .?u...
, iinie us inn aui'iuHsui buuii uttt;
tr stewnrt B.1VR
At the meeting Thursday night,
!; Major Howies told Mr. Stewart that
j lie tegatded him as a private citizen,
(whereupon Mr. Stewart Informed the
.Mayor that ho regarded himself as
J an aldei man, and proposes to net and
, sctve until a successor was elected
A "l(ltlon was ma,,e and seconded
,,,u,t Mr- stewart ue regarded as n
member of the council. Mr. Bowles
r,,fusei1 lo DUt' tho motion, whereup-
n" Ahlerman Boswell put It uud it
" spel8 that Stewart was appoint-
i-ii m .iarc 1 1 I'Jis.io succeed I'orter
' V.iii hi on Aol(rna1 In 1(J1Q n mni
l,u: "1,l'lP" " ly21- ' he only legal-
ly qualified alderman
A CARD OK THANKS
Theie are no words that we can
"" ,4i"l1!1 lur uci'l o,
n,ir ,hnnk'ulncss to the many neigh
,,ors i,ml blends that wero st
,iy that can express the denth of
thoughtful and kind to us during the
illue.-s and death of our little T. G.
Jr . our son and brother.
We extend our heartfelt thanks
for our every deed of kindness and
winds of cheer. Your every clianco
to cheer our sad hearts since little
T. G's. smiling face has gone. The
flowers were beautiful. The young
ladles songs sweet. Every word of
eh and kindly deed, how far they
Fil'-ml", may tho richest blessings
m" a kind Providence bo yours is our
C. Jr. llveth He is with
T. G. Aston, Sr.
Mrs. T. t. Aston.
Beverely B. Aston.
HICKMAN & BROWN
Buy and Sell Farm Lands
110 N. Third
FOR SUMMER SCHOOL
and all the rest of the line.
Special This Week Only
All Zane Gray Copyrights J85c
rnent U 1Tear
DURANT BOOK STORE
204 W. Main Phone 699
will show up in a sliort
of a most satisfac-
Must Drain Off
To Avoid Sickness
(Il Dr. A. R. Lewis, State Health
Public officials In .1 great many
of our jrogres-dve cities and townR
,hae Issued orders requiring proper
ty ownets to drain off all puddles of
standing water on their premises,
and also cut the weeds of the town
officials will have, the work done for
them, nnd charge the bill to the pro
perty. Such officials are to be commend
ed. They have displayed qualities
of foresight worthy of men who have
tho welfare of a group of citizens
In their charge. By their rulings,
tho non-resident speculator who has
Invested in property for financial
gain only, will be compelled to carry
his share of the burden in keeping
j the neighborhood a clean and sani
tary place in which to live.
In years of heavy rainfall, like the
present, the matter of keeping down
weeds on "vacant" lots has caused
a great deal of concern on the part
of town boards as well as adjoining
property owners. One pond of water,
or a couple of uncared-for lots, will
afford sufficient "breeding place" for
thousands of mosquitoes. The spec
ies, Anopheles, cause malaria; also
much of the typhoid fever results
from germ-pollution of standing
water. , '
Most citizens havo come to realize
the danger from filthy cow lots and
pig pens, and refuse to tolerate these
examples of uncieanllness in the
neighborhood. As a result of such
dissatisfaction, the State Depart
ment of Health is rereivlng com
plaints from every corner of tho
state. Evpry mall brings its quota,
with the result that we are simply
"swamped." There are but ten sanl-
KEEP COOL IN THE
On H-S Summer
Be they ever so good there's no room in this
store to carry these suits to another summer.
and you need a suit now.
These are the prices that will make them move.
Society Brand $35 Gabardines in Tans
anu Light Greens
All high grade Tropical
$22.50 and $23.50 Mohairs and Palm
Beaches of exceptional values
$10.50, $18.50 and $20 Palm Beaches
and Cool Cloth Suits $11.65 and
One Jot odds and ends Palm Beaches, Cool
Cloths and Half and Half Tropicals PQ K
nearly all sizes $0.03
One lot of 20 Suits in Light Colors, sold fl K
at the price of the Odd Trousers pl).UJ
In Our New Store "Sometime" in August
tflrv lniinufnu . 7. '
.it ffMt. . '" ? 'h r ,
Plaints, and toabate nVso
Under the rtirii c'
Under the direction of tS
Health Officer, many ,' h
ing cleaned up and iMHM.
preventative measures '
at least lemnomn. .i... ' i
preventative measures '"
forded these communitt.. '"
. . ".vui ry relief ,
forded these commun'ni..
1. Sprinkle crude 0i ',,.,
fashioned garden sprinkl.ri
pools of standlngPWa,;re)IV,r,
barrel nlnon . n. . ' II rib.
top, and Insert faucet lo'0?
for purpose of drawing Z. "
needed. K "' n
2. Rain water for lanMta,
poses Is safe with film . s
is best for wntof ..., ' 1
B,. on,,,.,. rft.
4. PI On f I- nf !. ..
over premises wMJfj
mosquito prevention aa nM
proving sanltarv m, "n !
eral. "'uw W.I
8URPRI8KS EVEN THE QERjum
a 2-year sentence for Major Qn2
German militarists, who adattS?
dering the cold-blooded anX
French wounded and prtaoBl.
German prison camp, eveu !!
the Germans. German !?
have been citing Gruslus as w
ble example of militarism. M. S"
;:; r. :;."" ?s m
fuj muraer erttfl,
A scientist is a man who owathl
.oi.io hi uoYiuB announced tb fel
i.ucij iimi Boomer scientlat'i A
covery Is all wrong. Dallas Nm.
SAVE YOUR PEACH 8EHJ8
We pay good prices fort
Should be dried In tho shd.
DURANT NURSERY CO.
HEART OF SUMMER
Worsteds and (POO 9K
a.i ' -tilfliflBF.