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"VOL. L-IsTO. 34.
KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
Knights of Labor, nobly banded
To procure the rights of. man.
Every toiler, horny-handed,
Hail with gratitude your plan.
All who treat man as a neighbor
Most youti shibboleth admire —
That tht) stalwart sobs of Labor
K*eh is worthy of his hire.
Knights of Labor, syinnatiziiig
With the weak against the strong,
And in majesty uprising
For the right against the wrong—
Many a wife, with cares distressing,
Many a weak, despairing one.
Will bestow on you a blessing
For the work which you have done.
Knights of l.abor;V'orking Kindly
For the toilers of the laud.
Never rashly, never blindly.
Moving calmly hand in hand,
Till you have secured compliance
With the just demand for food.
And have quelled the mad defiance
In the cry, '•Bread or blood ! "
X night - of Labor, keep on doing—
Have your sentinals on guard :
Kver a just path pursuing,
Till toil has its iust reward.
Then the grateful working classes
Will proclaim you, in their glee.
Saviors of tlie toiling masses —
Heroes of humanity!
Francis S. Smith.
A SPRAY OF HELIOTROPE.
BY ALICE DALE.
A lovely spring day, soft and balmy
as only a spring day can be.
Gerald Kingsley left its influence as '
he sauntered slowly down a certain j
avenue in a large city, lighting a fra- j
grant cigar as he went humming j
meanwhile a bar from the latest comic i
All at once he paused involuntarily, \
as the sound of a voice fell upon the I
aristocratic silence of the avenue—a
sweet, clear, fresh contralto voice—
singing that most plaintive air, "O .
Che le Morte."
He glanced in the direction from
whence the nTttsic emanated, and an ex- j
clamation of surprise fell from his lips, j
A girl of perhaps fifteen, an olive- i
skinned, darli-haired little creature, '
with a face like a picture, lit up by j
great Assyrian eyes, the wealth of her j
long black hair hanging in one thick j
plait down her back aoiMied with a bit
of faded red ribbon.
At her side a boy, a cripple, with a
piteous face and great solemn eyes.
The girl had placed him in a comfor- j .
table nook in the arched entrance to a! .
churchyard, and standing erect beside ;
the cripple, bareheaded and poorly |
clad, she was singing for money to buy ]
" Great heavens ! " ejaculated Gerald
Kingsley, moved for once out of his j.
usual high-bred equanimity, " the girl
is a genius! Such a voice! It has a i
fortune in it! "
He drew slowly nearer, and waited |
eagerly and breatelessly for the song j
As the last notes died away the great j
dark eyes glanced into his face for an \
instant, and fell again.
The young man dropped a silver j
dollar into the cripple's little hand, j
then he turned to the young singer.
" Who taught you to sing so sweetly,
cora mia f " he asked.
"My father, signor. He was a great
maestro at home in Italy. He is dead." I
" And you, with such a voice, are re
duced to sing on the streets ? " pursued
the young msn, eagerly. " Why, you
should be singing in the Grand Opera
House yonder. You would make a
magnificent opera house singer."
" But, signor," the girl faltered, "who
would take me and train me for the
stage ? We are orphans now, Lillo and j
I, and he, poor boy, is a cripple, and
we must have bread."
For a moment Gerald Kingsley stood
reflecting. He was rich and influential.
There was a friend of his whose busi.
ness it was to prepare debautantes for
the opera stage—a line_frpm Kingsley
would prove an opefi sesame \o this
somewhaj exclusive personage.
He drew a note-book from his pocket
and standing there upon the pavement, !
hastily scrawled a few lines, tore the \
leaf from his note-book and laid it in
the girl's dusky hand.
" Here," he said, " carry this note to
the address, and wait until you see Mr.
Martin yourself. When he has read
my line and has heard you sing, the
rest will follow. Ah, by the way, you
have not yet told me your name.''
" Leonie Florelli," the girl faltered,
" and yours ? "
He smiled good naturedly.
" I Oh, my name is Kingsley. And,
Leonie, I am expecting to leave the
city in a day or two, and may never
see you again. But if ever you become
a famous singer, then —"
" We will meet then,'' the child inter
posed eagerly. " Oh, Mr. Kingsley, if
I am ever anything I shall owe it all to
you. God bless you ! "
He took the slim, dark hand in his
"Do not sing in the streets any
more, Leonie," he commanded. "Mar
tin will attend to all that if you go to
him at once."
The great dusky eyes were lifted to ]
THE LABOR HERALD
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF DISTRICT ASSEMBLY, No. 84, KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
his face, with a wistful light in their
" You will give me that boidonniere?"
she asked, pointing to a spray of pur
ple heliotrope which he wore in his
button-hole. " I should so like to have
something that—to—" she faltered and
"To remember me by, as children
! say ? " he returned, in some amusement
'—" certainly, my child! The helio
trope is pretty and fragrant. It was
j given me just now by the fair lady
whom I am soon to marry ; but you
shall have it all the same."
And he detached the purple helio
trope and laid it in her en "'
tire scene had not absorbed ten min
utes ; the street was quite deserted,
I save ior the little group in the church-'
; yard arch. Leonie took the spray of
I purple fragrance, and giving it a long,
■ wistful look, as though it were not an
insensate object, she hid it in her \
" Come, Lillo," she said, giving her
: hand to the cripple, and they moved
away down the street together.
Gerald Kingsley stood like one in a
dream, his handsome dark eyes follow
ing the forlorn little pair with a glance
of genuine sympathy.
" What an interesting scene, to be
sure," sneered a clear, haughty voice,
that would have been sweet were it not
for the ring of pride and self-assertion
He turned with a start, and a red
flush shot athwart his dark, handsome
| face. A pony phaeton had drawn close
to the curbing and paused there; a
■ dainty turnout—the ribbons held by ,
j the perfectly gloved hands of Miss Vio
| let Davenant, his fiancee. Kingsley
drew close to the side of the phaeton,
■ doffing his hat with courtly grace.
" Why, Violet, darling, where on
i earth did you spring from ?'' he queried
lightly. " I left you not an hour ago i
at home, and here you are, quite unex-;
; pectedly, but none the less welcome—
a sight to do one's heart good."
And by this time he was in the phae
j ton at her side, the reins in his own I
! possession, and they were driving slow-
Ily down the avenue. Violet Davenant
| was a cold, blonde beauty—one of j
! those faces that nothing has power to j
| ruffle or cloud—that is, before the <
; world ; but behind the cnj^ain —ah. ■
then the mask is torn aside sometimes,!
and the claws sheathed in velvet are
exposed. But this morning she felt
unable to control her vexation, for she
! had witnessed the entire scene between ;
her betrothed husband and the little j
j street singer. And in a few terse and !
i rather forcible words she proceeded to j
■ tell him so.
"And you gave her the boidonniere
, that I had pinned in your button
hole !'' stormed the enraged tteauty.
" You throw my gifts away upon a
" She is no beggar!" retorted Gerald, i
thoroughly angry now; " the girl is ;
| unfortunate, but she is refined; and
|my word for it, Violet, the musical
! world will hear great things from her
But Violet Davenant's temper had
| gotten the upper hand of her better
judgment. She tore the primrose glove :
from her left hand, dragged the dia- '
mond studded circlet from the third
j finger, and laid it in his hand.
"You prefer a street beggar to me!"'
she panted in ungovernable rage. " I
. give yon back your freedom !Go and
marry your singer! "
* I will—if she will accept me! " re-!
turned Gerald Kingsley, quietly. His ,
: own anger was at white heat, and he
did not realize the words that he spoke.
They parted that very hour, and the
next day Violet Davenant was informed
j that Gerald had gone to Europe for an
! indefinite stay. She set her white teeth
bard upon her red lips, as she hissed
"He shall come back to me yet! I
swear it! "
The Grand Opera House Wao or^jj£. •
to its fullest extent. All the beauty
and fashion of the great city had gath
ered there to listen to the new prima
donna. Leonie Florelli had made a
grand success in the musical world, <
and her name was on every lip as the
greatest singer of the day.
Gerald Kingsley had just returned
from Europe. He had made his home
i there for the past five years—attending
ito the foreign branch of bis father's
large commercial house.
He was seated in a stage box, and
the sapphire eyes of Violet Davenant,
bent upon him from an opposite box,
, marked no change in him. She clinched
! her white gloved hands fiercely to
■ gether as she hissed under her breath:
s "He shall come back to me! "
The curtain arose and the beautiful
songstress appeared ; it was her first
f appearance in the city upon whose
i streets she had once sung for bread.
Her crippled brother was dead and she
i had no ties of kindred now, and there
was a look of wordless sadness in her
f lustrous eyes as she came before the
- public to-night
> It was a grand ovation. From that
: hour her position in society was as
> i sured; she became a favorite and was
"THAT IS THE MOST PERFECT GOVERNMENT IN WHICH AN INJURY TO ONE IS THE CONCERN OF ALL."
in the midst of her great social siccess
society was electrified by the anniunce
ment tnat she was about to lea« the
stage and retire to private life.
There was a reception given n her
honor one night. She looked a very
queen of beauty in her robe of rich
white lace looped with rubies.
Violet Davenant was present—her
insipid blonde beauty quite faded now
—and even her rich dress of pale blue
satin and old point lace, with pearls
everywhere, did not conceal the lamen
table fact that she was getting quite
She found Gerald Kingsley alone in
a retired corner of the conservavWyT
Outside the music was surging, within
were sweet flowers and dreamy splash
of a perfumed fountain in a marble
Their eyes met across the wealth and
glow of color.
"Gerald!" cried Violet, wildly, "for
give me and come back to me, will you
not! Oh, my darling, try as I may. I
cannot forget you or give you up ! "
His face had grown very white.
" Violet," he said gently, " I regret
to give you pain, but what you ask can
never be! Your own conduct, your
own hardness, your own rash words
five years ago, destroyed the illusion of
love, and I ceased to love you then and
"But," she panted, "it will come
back again! Try me, Gerald; see how
tender and loving and gentle I will be,
and then your heart will return to me."
But he shook his head gravely.
"It can never be!" he repeated
slowly; "dead love never comes back
to life, Violet. Besides I have loved
Leonie for years, and she leaves the
stage forever to become my wife! "
He dealt the blow as kindly as pos
sible, —he would have spared her if he
could, —and then he turned away.
He married Leonie a few days later,
and has never regretted the step.
The promptness with which the peo
ple of Texas have responded to the
Governor's call for force to put down
violence on the part of the strikers or
their sympathizers presents an inter
esting and significant companion pic
ture to the vigor with which the strike
bas been conducted thus far
Worth. Two important propositions
are thus demonstrated: First, that
public sentiment favors and will en
courage the peaceful effort of organized
labor to protect itself as against the
eppression of aggregated capital; and
secondly, that the same public senti
ment will hasten to denounce a resort
to violence, and furnish the material
for its suppression the moment it tran
scends the bounds of reason or menaces
the supremacy of law.
This is a definition that the Knights
of Labor should and will welcome.
Their own welfare is involved quite as
implicitly as is that of society. They
are engaged in a cause which depends
for its success upon public approval,
and which can only be jeopardized by
the association of violence. General
Master Workman Powderly, who in
clear insight and patriotic purpose can
take rank with the purest statesman in
the land, is on record as condemning
lawlessness. The leading minds of the
Order are in perfect accord as to the
fatal consequences of a loss of popular
sympathy. And now society in Texas
has asserted itself in a manner not to
Society at the south presents condi
tions peculiarly favorable to the ex
periment in which the Knights of La
bor are now embarked. It is largely,
almost exclusively, devoted to agricul
ture. There are none of those vast and
densely populated centres like New
York, Chicago or Philadelphia, where
desperate incendiary material abounds
and where it needs but the spark to
produce the conflagration. Pastoral
in habit and temper, proud of their in-
Bro'%nVm'ro^lbvifjg r s6ni :
I-nrunion with nature, and untouched by
the cruel leseon of irtmt, with its hid
eous and evil promptings, the inhabi
tants of that region are peculiarly a
people to whom their fellow men may
appeal for sympathy when groaning
under oppression. Nowhere on earth
could the Knights of Labor approach
the solution of their problem under
more auspicious circumstances. No
. where could they more confidently rely
upon encouragement and co operation
within proper limits. And yet nowhere
have they more to fear from enemies in
the guise of allies who would betray
I them into excesses or compromise them
. by violence.
We predict that the criminal and
bloody outrages of Saturday last will
1 not be repeated, or that, if their repeti
; tion be attempted, it will be put down
i with an iron hand. Let labor be true
, to itself and to the majesty and justice
l of its cause, and it will win its fight at
i the south. But let it beware of the
• ruffin, the firebrand and the assassin as
lof its murderous foe. Those who have
menaced or assailed the social structure
t of the southern people will bear us out
- in the assertion that it was the bitterest
i venture of their lives.— Argus.
AJPttUu 24, 1886.
THE NEW CORPOCRACY.
The Manacles Forged for the American
Awake, O sleeper I thy chains are;
forged. Thine arms are bound. Thy i
hands are fettered—thy feet are linked !
O young Republic ! for whom thy
fathers died and thy mothers suffered
; pangs unutterable—for whose safety
■ thy sons offered sacrific of their all,
and thy daughters were desolate and
! afflicted, awake ! Free thyself ere they}
j bind thee with bands too many arid^jjfl
; strong for thee to break. Arise, like 4
i Samson of old, and shake thyself, for
the Philistines are upon thee!
Men are born and die; their wealth,
in generations, is scattered among
thousands; their power ceases. Cor
porations live, their power increases
long after those who formed them,
| schemed for them, perpetrated all man
ner of crimes for their success, are for
gotten dust. American bondsmen ! it
is these that have enslaved you. You
think you are the kings of a republic.
You are the slaves of a corpccracy.
Corporations rule your rights of way
and public roads ; corporations control
the supply and prices of your food and
fuel; corporations have robbed you of
the land that was your birthright; cor
porations use for their benefit and your
oppression the men whom you send to
Legislatures and to Congress to make
laws for the good of the people; corpo
rations bid the judges whom you elect
to defy justice, and they defy it.
A single fact is sufficient to convince
any one of the vile, conscienceless, hon
orless character of the large majority
of the men who manage corporations
in our country. The aggregate capi
talization of the railroads in the United
States is $7,000,000,000. Of this im
mense amount of money $3,700,000,
--000, or more than half the total capital,
is fraudulent. This means that the
railroad managers have stolen from
those who have invested in stocks and
bonds more money than all the rail
roads—laud, tracks, depots, docks, ele
vators, cars and locomotives—have
cost. Would such thieves as these
hesitate to rob a people of their liber
ties, or to commit any iniquity, howevei
base or hideous it might be, if thereby!
they could add to their stolen wealth "!
They would not.
The Standard Oil Company is an apt
illustration of the power of the rail
roads, and of the results of the corrupt
and dishonest use of that power.
Started in Cleveland, Ohio, with a cap
ital of $300,000, it has absorbed many
of the refineries, destroyed others, and
forced their owners into bankruptcy.
It has erected a giant monopoly upon
the ruins of an independent competi
tive business, and swelled its assets, in
fifteen years, from $300,000 to over
The New York Central, the Erie and
the Pennsylvan a railroads nourished
the monster in its infancy by carrying
its oil, according to distance of haul,
from 40 cents to $3.07 less a barrel
than they charged the independent re
fineries. When the monopoly grew
powerful enough to show its gratitude
it did so by demanding that the Penn
sylvania Railroad should stop carrying
oil for the Potts combination, an East
ern association of refiners, second in
power only to the Standard. The
Pennsylvania Railroad refused to be
dictated to; but the Standard, aided
by the New York Central and Erie rail
roads—between which and it there ap
peared to be very close relations—and
the capitalists connected with these
| monopolies, conquered ; the Pennsyl
-1 vania Railroad succumbed, and the
I Potts combination became a part of
| the Standard. It was not long before
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad en
i tered the combination. Then the Stan
i dard demanded 10 cents a barrel on all
i oil carried by the railroads, whether
tbgj~ii| tho Btandtsd °*-$0
The beggar had become the master,
[ and the railroads paid the tribute. Mr.
A. J. Cassatt, of the Pennsylvania Rail
road testified that in eighteen months
the railroads had paid the Standard
ten millions of dollars. Plainly, tht
railroads had brought into existence a
monster that was too strong for them,
It is not known by what means the
Standard Oil Company secured the fa
; vor and help of the railroads in its viU
conspiracy to wreck a flourishing in
dustry, the ruins of which stretch foi
miles along the banks of the Alleghany
River near Pittsburg. They can fairh
- be inferred from some of its acts whicl
are known. A branch of the Standard
! the Vacuum Oil Company, of Rochester,
['■ter, enticed away the manager of th<
Buffalo Lubricating Oil Company bi
i threats and bribery, secured the de
! livery to the company of adulterates
>: oil, and brought vexatious suits agains
; it. Testimony was offered that th<
) agents who enticed away the manage:
i had tried to get hi :n to leave the worki
s in such a condition that they might bi
s; blown up and destroyed. In an actioi
I brought by the Buffalo compan;
I against the Standard for conspiracy, i
i verdict was rendered for the Buffalt
company of 820,000. In another case,
recently exposed in Cleveland, an offi
cer of the Standard tried to bribe the
bookkeeper of an independent concern
to betray the particulars of its business
and the names of its customers.
As far away as Columbus, Mississippi'
when the grocers claimed the right to
sell free oil that had reached them by
the river route, the Standard started a
store and sold groceries below cost to
drive the merchants into submission.
A coal' dealer in Ohio bought an invoice
of lubricating oil from an independent
refinery. The Standard, when it learned
the fact, purchased coal, and ordered
H&ajrviitK to sell it at less than cost,
Which they did, until the dealer gave
;u. In every city in which the retail
frtroleum dealers have dared to handle
free oil, the monopoly has put tank
wagons in operation, which traverse
the streets, and sell petroleum at retail
t» consumers. These are but a few
anong thousands of instances of the
tyranny, rapacity, and utter dishonesty
•f the workings of the Standard Oil
A very fearless, impartial, and deeply
fateresting work, just from the press of
Harper & Brothers—" Railways and
Ihe Republic " —by James F. Hudson,
trom which the facts of this article are
taken, thus sums up its arraignment of
this corrupt and corrupting monopoly:
"Gloss over the methods used by
vhatever specious arguments the rail
way advocates please, they built up a
great monopoly and crushed out an
independent trade. They were con
ceived in favoritism and dishonesty,
brought forth with the aid of corrup
tion and conspiracy, and in full growth
are a curse to the independence and
integrity of the nation. * * * The
wealth of the Standard represents the
reward which can be obtained by se
curing the favor of the railways to
crush out open comptition ; by bribing
legislators to prevent equitable legisla
tion, and by employing all the powers
of corruption and intimidation which
immense hoards of money possess, to
maintain arbitrary power and illegal
monopoly. * * * When gigantic
dishonesty meets with gigantic success
what wonder is it that more ordinary
forms of the same evil prevail I In all
its direct and indirect results, as the
wrecker and destroyer of legitimately
IdbVained prosperity, as a monopoly of
an essential industry, and as a corrupter
of public and business morals, the
Standard Oil Company is an unmiti
gated evil and a public curse."
The Standard has the reputation of
owning one State Legislature, two
United States Senators, and a Cabinet
officer at Washington. How long will
it take an unscrupulous monopoly,
that can make over $100,000,000 on an
investment of $300,000 in fifteen years,
to own half the Legislatures of the
country, a majority in both Houses of
Congress, with, perhaps, a President
of the United States f
The railroads which nurtured and
gave the strength to this octopus—this
devil fish—to stretch forth its arms,
grasp an industry, crush it and swallow
it, have a like history, of fraud and
robbery. The New York Central and
Hudson River Railroad and the Erie
Railroad issue more than $300,000,000
of securities, of which not less than
$116,000,000 represent no property
whatever. Of the $175,000,000 capital
stock of the two companies, over
$110,000,000 is fictitious.
Nearly twenty years ago, the treas
urer of the New York Central testified
that the expenses pertaining to the
Legislature for one session were
$60,000, and that, during two or three
years preceding that period it had been
$305,000. To what amount it has
swelled by this time can be imagined.
Jay Gould, who has recently been
smitten with a desire to be the guar
dian of public interests, admitted that
the funds of the Eire road, while he
and other honest men had charge of
them, were used to elect members of
*}v» -rha -no-old wvpy ""'
! Note the" full significance of this
fact. A great railway manager publicly
idmits that the funds of others, trusted
o him, were used by him to corruptly
«lect men to the Legislature whom he
mew would be guilty of perjury the
noment they had taken their oath of
office. Could the vilest tramp, or the
lowest thief, be guilty of anything
more shameless than this? God help
us, if men of this character are to rule
us through bribery! And yet, about
one-fourth of the members of the
United States Senate belong to the
railroads. Enough of these sickening,
revolting facts could be told to fill
thousands of pages. The railroads in
the United States, West and East,
South and North, whose histories are
tot made of just such robbery, fraud,
tyranny, bribery, perjury, defiance of
l*w and public opinion, could be
counted upon the fingers of one hand,
and leave a finger or two to spare.
And the other corporations—land, fi
nancial, commercial, manufacturing—
are like unto the railroads. With a
few exceptions, the press and pulpit are
t dumt)—they mention not these iniqui
ties. Their interests and their fears
keep them silent The destruction of
morality, honesty, justice, liberty, goes
on, and the press and the pulpit are
dumb. They give no warning.
Men! corporations are sapping the
foundations of commercial integrity,
destroying respect for honesty and
purity, levying tribute upon the food
you eat;—and often, very often, adulter
ating it—the clothes you wear, the
furniture you use, the apartments you
occupy, the fuel you burn. With re
gard to the fuel, a month has not
passed since a combination was formed
by which all the coal of Pennsylvania
is held, and the price of coal has al
ready been advanced. Not because it
■wtp !§ny more to mine it or carry
it, but because the members of the
syndicate want to add to their wealth
by robbing you, whom, in this respect
at letst, they have fully enslaved. It
■ not the amount they thus filch from
you, so much as the fact that you can
not help yourself; you are forced to
pay it to them. Are yon free ! Answer
the qtestion yourself.
The barons of the middle ages levied
tributs at the point of the sword, and
risked their lives for their booty. The <
sneak thieves of the nineteenth century '
are wiser in their generation, and do
not even risk their respectability or
their church membership to obtain
If ever destructive social revolution
fall upon this country—which God for
oid—it will not be the working masses
ipon whom the responsibility will rest,
but upon those who by oppression, in
ustice and theft have driven the de
spairing to revolt.
Let every one who wishes clearly to
mderstand the dangers that threaten
Mir country through the encroach
nents of coaporations upon the public
iberties read the book here referred to,
;ust published by Harper & Brothers,
md especially the chapter entitled
' Corporations in Politics."
If vigilance to preserve the liberties
of a country was ever needed it is
needed now. Let us not despair, but
ict. There are yet such things as
7otes and ballot boxes in this country.
"Through all the long, long night of
The people's cry aseeudeth ;
The earth is wet with blood and tears,
But our meek sufferance endetli.
The few shall not forever sway,
Thjtmany toil in sorrow;
The powers of Hell are strong to-day,
But Christ shall rise to-morrow."
Thos. .1. Hyatt.
Air is not wealth; water is not wealth;
fire is not wealth; earth is not wealth.
What is wealth "'. Wealth is that which
laber—intellectual and physical-creates
out of the elements of nature, as things
of beauty, utility and art.— Jl. F. Tre
Unprincipled speculators, already
having in their possession more of this
worifl's goods than they can possibly
use, and yet, filled with the demon of
greei, are employing sharp and shrewd
but lunprincipled lawyers to act as
agents to go into a State, select loca
tions where the farms are held by men
of small means, then quietly purchase
from each farmer his farm, so fixing up
the contract that the sale is to be kept
from his neighbors for a certain number
of days, giving the agent ample time
in which to secure all he wishes. Then
it is ]earned that some money bags has
beco'ne the owner of a large number
of it tas, which will go to swell the
num >er of tenant farmers. Limit the
nnm ler of acres which one man can
hold — National View.
Mr. Frederick Turner, the General
Secretary-Treasurer of the Knights of
'■ Labor, lately said: " Capitalists are be
ginning to understand the principlee
of our organization, and are ready to
consult and treat with us." "The em
ployer," said Mr. John Foley, Master
': Workman of the Chicago district of the
'! Order, "is gradually being brought
** -fcun* the high horse he has ridden
I so long to the workingman's disadvan
i! tage, and is evincing a disposition tc
; arbitrate with the union's representa-
I tive; both sides were apt to take hast j
and undavisably steps, but the ten
) j dency is strongly toward peaceful <3e
II liberation." " There seems to be a dis
f - position to arbitrate all labor difficul
i! ties," said Mr. Thomas A. Armstrong
' i the editor of the Labor Tribune, oi
|! Pittsburg. " Co-operation on a rathei
i! broad scale is now under consideratioi
I by a number of worthy capitalists
i which, I think," said Mr. William Mar
i tin, the Secretary of the Amalgamated
I Iron and Steel Workers, "will tx
. | adopted and applied as the key thai
' will ultimately aid in solving the laboi
, problem." Finally, we have from Mr.
: John Delaney, of the New Orleans
Knights of Labor, the true remarl
[ that "we have come to know eacl
i other better, and have more respect
each for the other than in the past "—
i meaning, of course the employer and
I the employed. These expressions frorr
■ prominent members of the labor asso
i ciations, it will be seen, are all in tht
i best spirit, and without a trace of the
malignity and vindictiveness displayed
i by radical Socialists from Europe, like
' Most and Schwab.— Free Press.
POWDERLY SUSTAINS THE KNIGHTS, i
He Thinks, Under the Circumstances, I
the Strike Had to Go On. ]
——— § »
General Master Workman Powderly (
was in his office to-day for the first ]
time since he came home sick. As the ]
1 rooir in which he does all his work is <
in his house, he was not obliged to i
come out of doors. His throat was ]
still very sore and the injury to his left i
side still troubled him, but during the i
half hour that the correspondent was |
with him he talked as readily and en- i
tertaininalx *■» h« always dotjg. .but in
a lov< ivi, . , i
" I presume you are familiar with i
the condition of affairs in the South- 1
west 1 said the correspondent. i
" Not thoroughly. I have got what 1
information I could this morning from i
the newspapers and from a number of 1
letters, and I have just telegraphed to i
Mr. Turner for more facts." <
"Do you regard the Executive i
Board's order for the strike to' go on i
as a judicious and wise one ! " <
" The Executive Committee could i
| not very well have done otherwise than I
: they did. They have endeavored to I
meet Mr. Hoxie, and have tried to get '
a chance to arbitrate the difficulties, I
and when the officials refused to recog- i
j nize them and to talk with them, of i
course they were obliged to let the i
strike go on. The strike is virtually in
the hands of District Assemblies 101, ;
I 93, and 17."
" Had these assemblies the right to
atder the strike in the first place .' "
j " There was no law in the order pre-
I venting them from doing it without
first consulting the General Executive
i Committee, but at the next General
I Assembly I shall be in favor of making
j a law taking the power of ordering a
strike from the local assemblies ■ and
i placing it entirely in the hands of the
General Executive Board. Such mat
i j ters properly belong to the superior
; I authority, before which all the facts of
i i disagreements between employers and
| employees should be laid before a strike
I' is ordered."
" Does the public fully understand
the real cause of the Southwestern
" No ; neither do I know the bottom
facts. Whichever way the strike tor- ;
minates J J«ball be in favor of having a
commit' se of good men go over the en
tire system and find out the real cause
of difficulty. Then if the committee
decides that the corporations are to
blame, let the blame rest on them. If,
,; on the the other hand, it is decided
, that the Knights of Labor are at fault,
, we will take the blame like men. I
. want it to rest where it belongs."
"Do you think the Knights will be
successful in this strike ?"
" I cannot tell from what I know of
| the situation. It is very defficult to
i say. I am confident, however, that
- this will be the last great railroad
, strike in this country. It will result
! in a vast amount of good 'at any rate.
j Thousands of people will have to suffer
more or less while the strike is going
on, but it will teach both sides a useful
lesson, and that is that a strike is the
I last thing that they ought to have."
" Will it be the means of breaking
up the order all over the country ? "
" Not in the least. The order is in
splendid condition everywhere. Scores
of difficulties have been settled by ar
bitration since the first of the year, and
: in only one place besides the South
: west are there any differences. That
place is one of the Western States,
where an employer, who had received
a threatening anonymous letter, dis-
J i charged a number of Knights of Labor
f | because he thought one had written
► the letter. When he learned later that
s a former bookkeeper wrote the letter, he
0 wasn't man enough to acknowledge his
i- mistake and take the men back, and we
r have got to look after that affair."— Ex.
1 They Did Right.
a There is a great deal of comment on
i-, the fact that the strikers when ordered
o to return to work by Mr. Powderly did
i- not do so, and also remarks that are
y detrimental to Mr. Irons are quite free
i- ly indulged in ; but the fact appears to
3 be entirely lost sight of that the men
3- as soon as possible did so return and
1- tender their services to Mr. Hoxie, and
r, that he then began placing a series of
>f restrictions upon the men with which
ir iit was utterly impossible for them to
n comply. Take, for instance, the case
3,1 of the men employed in the machine
r- S shop. These men, fifty-two in number,
d immediately upon the receipt of their
>c orders so to do returned to offer their
it services, but were met by the superin
ir tendent of the shops who took thtir
r. names and after an examination of the
s list, picked out seventeen of them to re _
k turn to work and coolly told the balance
b that he could not employ them. Now
it the question arises, could these men so
- chosen have been loyal to their com
d rades in accepting these terms ! Would
n not Beendict Arnold have been as jus
)- tified in his treason as would these
,c men in the treason to their fellows ?
c Would any man with a spark of man
d hood and justice in him accept employ
e ment on such terms ? Certainly not.
| And yet by carefully following the ac-
PRICE 5 CENTS
tions of Mr. Hoxie it will readily be
seen that this is the course that has
been followed in all the dealings of the
Missouri Pacific with its employees.
Still further on when the executive
committee, acting under an agreement
made with Mr. Gould in New York,
had travelled half over the continent to
confer with Hoxie, for the purpose of
arbitrating the matters under dispute,
how did the modern Herod act ? Had
not even the decency or good breeding
to tender them a seat in his august
presence. What an opportunity for an
artist. Here was the being, who like
hi", nr, *■ ' oid, imagines himself
a god, refusLv\ ■£ «■:.. "toman* ovuir -
tesy to a delegation sent by his supe
rior. There he sits on his throne and
with a waive of the hand bids them
kneel on the threshold and humbly
make known their wants. And this is
the vaunted land of freedom and equal
ity ! This is the heaven to which the
oppressed of all climes are bid to flee
for safety! But thank God, the day is
not far distant when such as Hoxie
will have to sue to the hand of honest
toil, when the lowliest laborer will be
respected, when such creatures as
Gould and Hoxie will be looked upon
with contempt and derision by the in
telligence and good sense of the coun
try. Heads np, Sir Knights, keep
steadily on in the path of your leaders,
avoid internal dissentions, and outside
brawls and lawlessness, let reason be
your compass, and hope your guiding
star, and though the clouds may ap
pear dark for the time, your cause and
aim is just and you surely must in the
end prevail— Chronicle.
For white teeth use Dowden's Den
tal Fluid. For sale by all druggists.
H. M. Sheild & Co., Proprietors,
Fifth and .Marshall St
No one can read Mr. Powderly's
letter to Jay Gould without being thor
oughly convinced of his honest sincerity.
It has the sing of true metal in every
I sentence and the world at large knows
that Gould willfully, deliberately and
intentionally violated his agreement
with Mr. Powderly. On the other
hand if Jay Gould is the injured inno
cent he pretends to be (and of course
no one believes him, as he has no regard
for truthfullness) why does he not ac
cept the challenge of Mr. Powderly, so
honorably ffffered, to lay everything
connected with the Order bare to the
world, if he will on the other hand, lay
open to the public the means and
methods whereby he has piled up the
wealth he controls, and allow the tri
bunal of public opinion to pass judg
ment on the two and say which is the
conspiracy. In his reply, written by his
counsel, he does not even hint of ac
cepting the proposition, which leaves
not a shadow of a doubt on the public
mind that the way he accumulated his
immense wealth must have been of too
dishonorable a character to be given to
the world.— Ex.
It is indeed strange how inconsistent
p some people may be. It may be that
[ self interest causes it, it may be that
i perverseness causes it but it is most
likely and quite evident in numerous
I instances that it is caused by the neglect
of those it may effect to become con
i versant with the facts as they bear upon
, a certain question.
He is inconstent, to express it mildly,
[ who advertises his fine quality goods
. which he purchased from a factory
\ manned entirely by boys; he is incon
sistent who urges the hunter to pass to
[ a given point where may be found a
. profusion of game, and tucks his head
. and hurries into the swamp and pro
i pagates the contents of his game-bag
t while the other goes away from the
j game, for it is inconsistent with the
3 nature of an avaricious being to be free
» hearted ; and the most palpable incon
sistency is that of a newspaper lauding
the cause of organized workingmen
and at the same time having in its em
-1 ploy " is inconsistency
I in a business man wno wants enlarged
I and increased profits on the first active
I movement of business and on the same
- day expects his employees who work by
> the piece to continue to exist when
l! labor-saving machinery is introduced
Ij to such an extent as to employ them
1 but four or five hours a day j and it is
f inconsistent for the same man to expect
i his employees, when business is dull
) and every article of consumption is
3 dear, to work for the same salary as
s when times were good and they could
, purchase goods at proportionately low
: prices, for he (the employer) always
r makes his profits.
We say such things are inconsist
r encies and to our injury, and we urge
s that we help those who help us. Let
" us boycott these fellows—not however,
a until we have given them an opportu
i nity to square their wrongs, and not as
3 organized men, but as individuals, who
- would see justice done unto himself
1 and fellowmen. You may do this with
i- your grocer or dry goods merchant if
9 they are unfortunately such men; doit
? each one of you, respectfully but earn
- estly, and ere long, we venture to say,
- they will be but too glad to affiliate
» with organized labor.— Southern fn