Newspaper Page Text
■VOL. 1.-_tsTO. 36.
For The L&Toor Herald.
When the sun of prosperity gilds life's
And all along the route life's pleasures
O, then many seeming friends, smile kind
ly on us,
And promises of butting eonwUncy are
But are they friends, indeed, honest, sin
cere and true.
Should the sunny path wind into dark,
How ft**-, the footsteps that our own -till
Brave hearts—stin loving,kind and true,
' i '" iV tnity'A *• **"'. *—-
Yet, valueless is friendship, if 'twill not
Changeless, through all the lapsing yea is
Am -taunch and strong when thick gatli'iing
As when we tread life's rosy path to
music's sweetest chime.
He is a friend, indeed, whose helpful hand
To lift the weighty burden from its
Thus freeing from its load of poverty and
The careworn soul—o'er laden'd and
He is a friend, indeed, whose kindly tones
On suffering's ear—gricf-strick'nd and
Like as the day God's dazzling ray rends
night's deep gloom—
Before its potent spell doth flee life's dark
He is a frienVl, indeed, whose winning
Lulls to repose the waken'd demon ill
the human breast,
Whose warning glance and gentle soothing
To conquer passion and restore sweet
But truest friend is he who yet abides,
When others from their former idol
Unmov'd by all the taunts which enmity
Standing with outstretch'd arms to shel
ter, help, and stay.
Benjamin F. Shipp,
Brambleton, Norfolk County, Va.
FARMER LIDDELL'S DREAM.
—i i *-w
BY BHIBLT BROWNE.
White and high the wintry snows
were piled against the north side of the
old farm-Jiouse —mournfully the March;
wind howled through the tops'of the
yellow pines that clustered like a band
of sentinels at the back of the chimney
stack—and Mrs. Liddell stood in front
of the open fire, with a face of tender,
womanly pity, warming some blankets,
while a kettle of hot water sung and
and bubbled on the crane.
" Poor thing—oh, poor thing!" she
repeated. "Indeed, Israel, I could
think of nothing but a frozen white
lamb! She can't be more then eigh
teen, and "
" And her story is just about as
lamely constructed a one as ever I,
heard," dryly interrupted Farmer Lid- [
dell. " Folks don't turn other folks:
out of doors for no reason at all, —and
if people deserve friends, they ain't!
generally left to wander, alone and *on- j
protected, about the roads such a night j
" But, Israel," pleaded the sympa-;
thetic voiced litle woman, " she has
told me everything. How she came
from Scotland a lady's maid, just to
earn her passage somewhere out of that
hideous steerage—how the woman be
came jealous of her, and accused her,
falsely, of course "
(" Of course!'' grimly interpolated
" Of trying to alienate her husband's
affections, and discharged her, penni
less and friendless, on the Boston
docks," went on Mrs. Liddell. " And '
how, hearing of a factory somewhere \
out this way, she set forth to, find it,!
and, getting lost in
remembered nothing more until she
found herself looking into my eyes.
Blue stars, she said they were like,!
Israel" Mrs. Liddell added, laughing.
"So they are, little woman, so they
are!'' said the farmer. " She's right, J
so far. But—l 'most wish it didn't
snow so hard, or that the Town House
was a dozen miles nearer."
" Israel! " cried Mrs. Liddell, " you :
never would send her there! "
" Why |not, Judith ? " asked the '
" She is so young,—so pretty !''
" Neither o' them reasons would hold j
good in logic," said Liddell, shrugging
" But, Israel,'' coaxed Mrs. LiddelL
"it isn't a matter of logic. It's one's
own feelings. It seems to me, dear,
that Providence has laid her down at
our very door for an especial reason:
We have a dear son, husband," (laying
her hand tenderly on his broad shoul
der,) "but God never gave as a
daughter. Why could twe adopt this !
poor, friendless, beautiful young crea
" Whew—w—w! " whistled Farmer
, Liddell " What creatures you female
womankind are to jump at conclu- J
THE LABOR HERALD
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF DISTRICT ASSEMBLY, No. 84, KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
"But, Israel, really!" pleaded the
" Nonsense,'' said the farmec "Go
s to bed, now, Ju ! Your brain is turned
with all this excitement!"
Mr. Liddell had caught only a fleet
ing glimpse of the fair, marble-pale
face as he carried her out of the snow
! that night,—it was he who had found
her, lying like a dead creature at Lis
door, —but it haunted his slumbers
strangely that night. And when he
, rose up, pallid and unrefreshed, his
dream was strongly impressed on his
" How is your patient this morning,
' Ju?'' he asked, as h? cafe,, <-,yo frH
kitchen, his iron-gray locks yet drip
; ping with the cold water into which he
had plunged them.
" Oh, much, much better," said Mrs.
Liddell. " She is sitting up. She
wants to come in to breakfast, but I
, won't let her."
" I saw her last night," said the far
" Saw her, Israel 1 "
"In my dreams," said Liddell, star
ing hard at the fire. " I was walking
in the home pasture lot, where the little
river runs through the woods and the
daisies grow so thick in summertime—
and a little spotted adder, coiled up
like a spiral, made a dart at me. And,
just as it sprung, and I shrunk back in
mortal terror, I saw that it had the face
and eyes of your Misa Leonie Bellew."
Mrs. Liddell laughed.
" A nightmare," said he. " Nothing
"If ever anything was real,'' said
Farmer Liddell, "that was! Don't
keep her here, my dear. Send her
away. You've done everything that
yon could. Now let her shift for her
But Judith Liddell, in her quiet way,
could be just as obstinate as her broad
shouldered husband. She had taken a
fancy to adopt this pearly-skinned,
violet-eyed girl with the strange history,
the deep contralto voice, and the un
consciously graceful ways. Her only
son—Robert Bruce—Mrs. Liddell had
been an enthusiastic reader of " The '
Scottish Chiefs," when she was a girl,
—was at college and betrothed to the ;
clergyman's only daughter, a young;
lady of the sweetest womanly qualities, j
" I don't see much of him the
mother said, wistfully ; " arid when" he
graduates I shall see still less, for he
will be married to Leila Murray. And
I must have some one near me to love
: and care for. And you must ac
knowledge, Israel, that your prejudices
against Leonie are entirely without
Mr. Liddell hesitated. He was not
a superstitious man,—and yet, that
dream! If only it had not been for
that dream ! Leonie was certainly very
sweet and gentle—she had winning
ways, and seemed devotedly attached '
and grateful to both himself and his
wife. And yet, when Leonie was softest \
and most docile, the sudden vision
would come up before him, of the
; spotted adder with the jeweled skin,
, the sinuous beauty of motion, and—
Leonie Bellew's face!
" I don't know," he would reason
within himself, " but it's rather unrea
i sonable to hold the girl responsible for
| the caprices of my dream fancy! But
< we can none of us control our impres- i
In June, Bruce Liddell came home
for good, having graduated from his
Alma Mater—a tall, handsome, dark
eyed young man, with a deep, sweet
voice, and a passionate love of all that
was beautiful in art or nature. He,
too, approved his mother's decision.
"The little mother is always right,''
ihe said. " And never more so than ',
! now! "
Leila Murray herself had espoused
the cause of the young stranger, and
; praised her enthusiastically.
"Isn't she pretty, Bruce?" she cried.
I " And what a delicious voice she has !
! How I would like to hear ber si]»-the
; ' Three Fishers!' Why couldn't she
! help me with my dresses and things 1
I am sure she has the soul of an artist!''
" I should be so glad to be of use,''
said Leonie, drooping her lovely white
eyelids—and Leila was captivated like ,
" You'll have to give iD, father," said
Mrs. Liddell, laughing. " About Leo-:
" I don't know but that I shall! ' ad- ]
mitted the old man.
Miss Murray's prediction was seen
■ rate, Leonie Bellew's taste was escei
. lent. She helped with the wedding
1 dresses, gathered mosses and trading
vines to decorate the great saloon par
lor at Mr. Murray's, even wove scarlet
berries into a background of gray
! lichen in Leila's monogram, intel
twined with that of Bruce. And \MI
bride-elect could scarcely be grateftl
enough to the sweet voiced, Madonna -
■ faced young stranger!
The wedding-day arrived at last—a
radiant September morning, the bite \
' sky dappled with floating clouds, tie
' roses all in bloom. The guests weie j
bidden for noon, —and every prepara
tion was complete, when Mrs. Lidddl
came over to the Murray mansion, with
I a pale frightened face.
"THAT IS THE MOST PERFECT GOVERNMENT IN WHICH AN INJURY TO ONE IS THE CONCERN OF ALL."
c | "My dear," she said to Leila, "it
I was very thoughtless of Bruce to come
0 I over here without telling me! You
1 j can't think what a shock it gave me to
i look into his room and see it all empty
<r , and deserted! "
c j " Dear Mrs. Liddell, he isn't here! "
y j cried Leila. " And I haven't seen him
I; since last night."
s j " Then where is he ! " said Mrs. Lid
s i dell, and in the sudden shock she
b j looked bo pale that Leila called aloud
s to Leonie Bellew to come and sprinkle
s eaude-cologne on her forehead. And
then, for the first time, in the general
, I confusion, it was discoveaed that Leo-1
.«»«'-' ' ; --, too was gone. The \oiij
-I of her door (she had slept at the Mur
s ! ray house for several weeks now), was
forced, and it was ascertained that the
. bed had not been slept in. And a tele
-3 | gram, arriving at that moment, con-1
[! tamed the following brief message from
"I was married half an hour ago, to
j Leonie Bellew. I can't ask Leila to
i forgive me—but I should have been
I falser still to give her my hand when
" i my heart has long been Leonie's.
f R. B. Liddell."
> I "It was all true, father's dream!"
J cried poor Mrs. Liddell with hysterical
■ sobs. " She was a writhing adder,
> after all! Father was right!"
, While the deserted bride sat pale
' i and silent, with cheeks whiter than
> any alabaster and an appalled look in
" If Bruce is false," she kept repeat
; j ing piteously, " how can I believe in
any one ?"
I The wedding guests were sent away,
I with what excuses might be most
' readily concocted—the flowery gar-
I lands were taken down, and the pretty
■ confectionery temples carried away one
by one. There was no marriage ser
, vice read under the horse-shoe of white
flowers and smilax vines which the
i bridemaid had so skillfully hung in the
bay window of the rectory saloon par
At the end of a year Bruce Liddell
came home, —pale, gaunt and haggard,
I! looking like a man who has struggled
II through the agonies of some mortal
11 " How could I tell," he said, in a
' | harsh, strident voice, singularly unlike
I his own, " that Leonie had a billiard
11 marking husband in Paris ? That she
* had merely used ma as a tooi to take
her back there ! That, when we were
once across the sea, she would laugh
at me, and fling me off like a wretched
worn-out glove! If ever a woman had
a fiend within her bosom, it is Leonie
Bellew! She has ruined me—ruined
me! But after all," he added, wistfully,
" the marriage is no marriage, because
the woman had a husband living—and
if Leila could only understand how
pitiable I have been led away—how
dearly I love her still "
But Leila shook her head, when poor
I Mrs. Liddell ventured to hint the ques-
I tion to her son's former betrothed wife.
" No," she said, quietly. " I shall
always wish your son well, but I never
can wed the man who has forfeited my
She never married, but lived a quiet,
serene, and not altogether unhappy ex
istence at home. But Robert Bruce
Liddell was never the same man again.
His past was blurred, his future
blighted, and he seemed to have lost
j all heart and hope in life !
And when his mother's troubled eyes
would rest upon him, she would mur- i
mur almost unconsciously to herself:
" Father's dream! father's dream! It;
j did come true, after all! "
m » m
Is Poverty a Crime t
In what particular school of ethics
i those of our city bosses who have been |
Iso persistent in the prosecution of'
| vagrants (?) during the winter months,
! were educated, Justice does not pre I
tend to say. All winter long men
| guilty of no other crime but that of
poverty have been compelled to move
.or go to jail. And yet goody-goody
people wonder at the army of trumps. :
As if a man out of employment could '
do otherwise than " tramp" under a i
police system that allows him but
twenty-four hours in corporate limits
I I of any one town. As proofs of the!
! fact that all " tramps" are not va- j
i grants or dishonest, we point to the
; fact that when times are good and
j labor in demand the tramp is scarcely
known to the public. It is only in
times of business stagnation and finan
cial depression, like that which pre
vaded Sprintieldjduring the past winter, i
that the country is pestered by the
army of unemployed who must live;
I some way.
Justice undertakes to say, and defies
': any lawyer in town to contradict the
statement, that our police have no more
right to jerk up a penniless man (who
i may be the soul of honor) the moment
of his arrival in town, simply because
he (like the Saviour of mankind) " has
j not where to lay his head," than they
have to enter the home of the wealth
i' iest citizen in Springfield and drag an
i' inmate off to jail without warrant If ',
11 a laborer is not allowed to stay in town |
j long enough to seek possible employ
.; ment how in the name of common sense
.is he to arise above the level of a'
I tramp.— Justice.
• _e^io-E3:_m:o-l>tid s *v_a.., 3, 1886.
fc | STRIKES AND ARBITRATION.
By T. V. Powderly.
The prospect for the future of the
" laboringman in America is brighter to
a day than it ever was, notwithstanding
the seemingly "strained relations" at
_ present existing between employer and
J That we are passing through an
c epidemic of strikes, lockouts and boy
j cotts is true, but the fact must not be
] lost sight of, that were it not for the
. growing power of organization we
i a moee
■. jTto contend with than we have had for
3 j the first three months of the present
h The growth of organization for the
- past ten years has been steady and
i healthy. It is only where organization
is in its infancy that serious troubles
) such as strikes and lockout exist. The.
) causes from which strikes and lockouts
1 spring are to be found in all parts of
the country, but the methods of dealing
with the troubles as they arise are dif
• ferent In places where no organiza
[ tions of labor exist, or where the seeds
of organization have just been planted,
disputing parties are apt to become
, involved in strikes. The reasons ad
, vanced in support of that proposition
i are as follows: until recently very few
workingmen dared to express theii
opinion in public on the subject ol
! labor, for the reason that they were
almost certain of an immediate dismissal
from the service of the man or company
; they worked for, if it became known
that they in any way favored the asso
. ciation of workingmen for mutual pro
, tection. With such a sentiment exist'
ing in the breasts of workingmen they
i could not be expected to feel very
, kindly toward the employer who so
> jealously watched their every movement,
and who, by his actions, made them
feel that they were regarded rather as
I serfs than freemen. While the real
bone and sinew of the land remained
[ in enforced silence, except where if
I could be heard through the medium
of the press and rostrum through
. chosen leaders, another class of
I men who seldom worked would in
sist on "representing labor," and in
i making glowing speeches on the rights
j *id -wrongs of man would
, " abolition of property," or the " equal'
division of wealth;" such speakers very
often suggesting that a good thing to
do would be to "hang capitalists to
lamp-posts." The employer of labor
who listened to such speeches felt that
in suppressing organization among his
workmen he was performing a laudable
act Yet he was by that means proving
himself to be the most powerful ally
the anarchist could wish for. He
caused his employees to feel that he
took no interest in them other than to
get as many hours of toil out of them
for as few shillings as possible. The
consequence was that the employer,
who was himself responsible for the
smothering of the honest expression of
opinion on the part of labor, became j
possessed of the idea that the raw head :
and bloody bones curb-stone orator
was the real representative of labor,
and determined to exercise more vigi
lance and precaution than ever in keep
i ing his " help " out of the labor society.
! The speaker who hinted at or advocated
the destruction of property or the
hanging of capitalists to lamp-posts,!
was shrewd enough to speak very
kindly, and in a knowing manner, of
labor associations, giving out the im
pression that he held membership in
one or more of them. Workingmen
who were denied the right to organize,
\ very frequently went to hear Mr. Scien
tific lecture on the best means of hand
ling dynamite. And when the speaker
j portrayed the wrongs of labor, the
thoughtful workmen could readily trace
a resemblance between the employer
painted by the lecturer and the man he
himself worked for. Workmen em
ployed by those wbo frownad on labor
organizations become sullen and mo
rose ; they saw in every action of the
superintendent another innovation on
their rights, and they finally deter
mined to throw off the yoke of oppres
sion, organize and assert their man
hood. The actions of the superinten-;
dent, or boss, very often tended to'
widen the breach betwc en employer j
and employee. When the organization
did come it found a very bitter feeling
existing on both sides, and before ,
studying the laws of the society they
joined, or becoming conversant with
its rules or regulations regarding the
settlement of disputes or grievances,
the workmen determined to wipe out of
existence the whole system of petty
! tyrannies that had been practiced on
i them for years. Not being drilled in
; organization, and feeling that the em
! ployer would not treat with them, the
i only remedy suggesting itself was the
1 strike. And, on the other hand, the
employer who felt that every move of
. his workmen in organization would be
! directed against his interests, deter
; mined to take time by the forelock and
• turn them out on the street. Thus we
i; find the organization in its infancy face
i to face with a strike or lockout.
This condition of affairs existed in a
1 gre»t many places throughout the
United States in the beginning of the
preient year. Absorbed in the task of
getting large dividends, the employer
seldom inquired of his superintendent
* how he managed the business intrusted
■ to his keeping, or how he treated the
I employees. In thousands of places
; throughout the United States, as many
I superintendents, foremen, or petty
bosses are interested in stores, corner
1 groceries or saloons. In many places
• the employee is told plainly that he
1 must deal at the store, or get liquor
■ ?£om the saloon in which his boss has
-itereßt; in others he is given to un-
that lie must deal in these"
'I stores or saloons, or forfeit his situa j
; tion. Laws have been passed in some |
States against the keeping of company [
1 stores, but the stores are kept never- j
theless, and workmen are made to feel
that they must patronize them.
In many cases the owners of mills,
I factories ir mines are not aware of the
existence of such institutions as the
" pluck me —t he name applied to the
| company store—but they stand so far
1 away from their employees that they
cannot hear the murmur of complaint,
and if a whisper of it ever does reach
their ears it comes through the boss
who is not only interested in the store,
but in keeping its existence a secret
from his employer. The keeping of
such stores is another source of injus
tice to workmen, for their existence
tends to widen the breach between em
ployer and employee. It may seem that
I am dealing with insignificant things
in this paper, but when the statement
is made, that seven out of every ten su
perintendents or bosses are interested
in the management, and derive profits
from the operation, of stores which em
ployees are forced to patronize, I make
an assertion which can be proved. In
a country where every man, no matter
how humble, is taught from his infancy
that he stands the equal of all other
men, it is but natural for a citizen who
is given to understand that he must
patronize a certain store, or that
he cannot join a certain society,
to feel restive and, where so much
is promised and so little obtained,
men are apt to lose faith in a law-mak
ing system which obliges the workman
himself to become complainant and
i prft|ji£utor in cases where the laws
violited to his detriment. If he prose
cutes he is discharged. If he does
not prosecute for infractions of law
but amply complains, he is told to in
voke the majesty of the law in his own
behalf. In this way he is disregarded:
it becomes a dead letter: men lose
hepe in law and law-makers.
The constant itching and irritation
caused by the indifference of the em
ployer to their welfare, and the injus
tices practiced on them by petty bosses,
go on until the men feel that the only
remedy is through the strike. In this
men who belong to no organization
arc launched into strikes.
Workingmen are not, as a rule, edu
cated men. When the strike does come,
while they feel that they have been
j wronged, yet they are lacking in the
i command of language necessary to state
their case properly to the world, and,
hence, set forth their claims in such a
way as to arouse prejudices or create
false impressions. The other side having
the advantage of education, 'either per
sonally or by right of purchase, can and
does mould public opinion in a great
! many cases.
I have pointed out one or two of the
little things which cause a great deal
of uneasiness and vexation to working
men; others have pointed out the root
of the evil. The workingman of the
United States will soon realize that he
possesses the power which kings once
held—that he has the right to manage
his own affairs. The power of the
king has passed away. The power of
wealth is passing away. The evening
shadows are closing in upon the day
when immense private fortunes can
be acquired. The new power dawning
tipctf.the world is that of the working
man to rule his own destinies. That
power can no longer be kept from him.
How will he wield it ?
This question is of great concern
not only to the workingman but to
every citizen of the republic, and the
hand of every citizen who loves his '
1 country should be extended to assist ',
j the new ruler. I have no fears because
of the present apparently disturbed}
condition of the labor world; on the j
contrary, the signs are very hopeful, j
Wendell Phillips once said, " Never j
' look for an age when the people can
be quiet and safe. At such times Dcs- ;
: potism like a shrouding mist steals j
over the mirror of Freedom."
The people are not quiet to-day, but
they are safe. It is the power of!
monopoly that is not safe. The men
who pile up large fortunes must com- j
pentate for that privilege in the pay- j
ment of a graduated income tax. The j
blessings which they derive from,
weath must be shared by the nation I
from which they extract that wealth.
T'ae hours of labor must be reduced
throughout the nation, so that the
toilers may have more time in which
to lean the science of self-government!
Labor-saving machinery instead of j
making a slave of man must become I
i! his servant. How will the working
-11 man wield his power ? Organized
I! labor says the power will be wisely
1 : handed, but we must have the co-ope
ratioi of the vast middle classes. The
! employer and employed must no longer
stard apart The barriers of pride,
casle, greed, hatred and bitterness
must be torn down. The workingman
and his employer must meet face to
face, they must discuss every detail in
the management of the concerns they
are jointly operating. No sacrifice of
principle on the one hand or of man
hood on the other need attend such
ty- ) > the management of
great cr small concerns each grievance
j each trouble or difference, whether in
I relatioa to discipline or wages, should
jbe talked over in a conciliatory spirit
I and ar'ntrated. Joint boards of arbi
tration should be formed between
manufacturer and workmen all over
the country. Each party should devote
considerable time to the perfecting of
the plais best suited to their interests
or sunoundings, for rules governing
one case or locality might not work
well in another.
Haviag after careful deliberation
agreed upon the rules, each party
should sign the articles of agreement,
binding itself to abide by them until
changed by consent of both. Agree
ments of this kind will be the means
of settling differences as they arise,
and with their inauguration, strikes,
lockouts, and boycotts will not be en
entered upon so readily, and, if ever
called into play, then only as the very
last resort.— North American Review.
Smoke " Labor Herald Cigars, sc'
Made by Knights of Labor.
Great Slaughter Sale of large lot of
Men's, Women's, Misses' and Children's
Sample Shoes, just received from Bos
ton, at Kaufman's Boston Shoe Bazaar,
1539 Main street.
Smoke " Mullen's Pets " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
" An Exciting Scene at Chicago.
The climax of the excitement grow
ing out of the strike of the Lake JShore
switchmen was reached Thursday,
April 22. Early in the morning the
railroad company secured writs enjoin
ing the strikers individually to keep off
the company's property. Then 80 men
employed to take the strikers places
were sent to the yard in a special train.
They had been sworn in as deputy
sheriffs and were accompanied by 200
other deputies and Pinkerton detectives
as guards. Before the train reached
the yards, John Collins, a striker, ob
tained permission to speak to the new
men and induced three of them to leave
the company's train. The balance
went into the round-house.
The critical moment came at 2:30
p. m., when engine 458, with engineer
Mike Crowley, came out of the round
house. Sheriffs guarded it in front,
sides and rear. Before the engine
reached the main track the deputies
were almost lost in the mass of excited
men who crowded the tracks. Collins
mounted the engine and began talking
to the engineer. The wheels soon
stopped, when Collins was heard to
say: "Be kind enough not to do this.
You are no capitalist. For God's sake
run that engine back for us laboring
men. Do it, will you V The engineer
reached for his lever, the great wheels
reversed and the engine started back to
the rojnd house amid deafening cheers
from the switchmen and their friends.
When opposite the tank General
Superintendent Wright got on the en
gine and talked with the engineer while
the engine stood still and there was a
silence over the great crowd. Crowley
at length shook his head and run the
engine into its stall. Superintendent
Wright was asked if he could not get a
man to run an engine out, and he said:
"I will try again. I think I can."
Fully 4,000 people filled the yards
and covered the tracks and cars at this
time. Repeated conferences with indi
vidual members and with the committee
of the strikers were held, but no
arrangement was arrived at.
At 4 o'clock the crowd had swollen
to at least 5,000 people. On the out
skirts were many women in carriages,
who waved their handkerchiefs when
the engine backed into the round house.
The committee of the strikers kept at
[ work at the imported switchmen. They
argued with them, begged them to
i show tnemselves men and go out of the
i car. They told them, '■ The castle you
are in now will tumble down and the
; railroad magnates will be buried in the
' ruin. Have you got a family! So
have we. Here's £5 for you to come
out, and here's $10 for them," and the
bills were put up before the window.
After Crowley had backed the engine
: into its stall no more attempts were
made to run out that day.
Out of the 80 imported switchmen
the strikers induced 55 to desert the
I company, and the remaining 25 were
| brought back to the city.— Labor Tri
m • m <«»
Richmond, Va., May 1, 1886.
From this date we will adopt the
'< eight system of labor, without reduc
tion of wages. Butler & Wilson.
IN BEHALF OF EDUCATION.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the
Common Council: I had the honor,
sometime ago, to offer a resolution
appropriating the sum of ten thousand
dollars for the erection of a school
house for the accommodation of colored
children, and had hoped that, before
this, the Councils would have indulged
in that feeling of philanthropy for which
i they are distinguished, and which they
i have so often expressed with the appear
ance of sincerity.
[\ I had*>hpped, that before now the
■J ft-^^ s,t, «bi*(Sitolored citizens would
' have i>efen considered and provided for,
and that their children would have
been furnished with the necessary school
' | faculties—facilities which their well
; being and the well being of the com
| munity require.
It is a sad statement of facts to be
\ publicly mentioned that two great par
ties of white citizens, both expressing
1 an almost unbounded desire to benefit,
improve and advance the colored citi
zen, and to control his vote, have agreed
to permit 2,754 colored children to
grow up in that ignorance and depravity
charged against the colored race in
general, and which, so far as it exists,
is the only heritage taken from their
I Another sad statement of facts is
that out of a total of 3,455 colored
children in our city, according to the
census of 1885, made by order of the
State Board of Education, only 701 (at
the time of my investigation of this
matter, December 2'2d,) were provided
. for, and that but poorly, by the city, in
her public schools; and of this 701,
one hundred and twenty have no seats,
[ but are sandwiched in by holding two
i sessions per day, and the remaining
2,754 are left to their own devices, and
' that noble, philanthropic charity of
Here is a statement from the School
Census and reports for November,
Total number of children
of school age 3,725 3,455
' Number in attendance 8(11 701
[ Unprovided for 2,924 2,754
It is no longer a secret that a North
'| em to the
I I shame knd disgrace of the city of Nor
s folk, have entered upon a work of sup
• plying its defects in action, and, under
' a Mr. Clark, are conducting a school
' for colored children, which is now
1 crowded to its utmost capacity, and
' they are to-day teaching, on their own
" account, one-half as many as the entire
7 number taught by the city.
J This neglect, of which, I think, just
i complaint is forced upon the colored
people, is no fault of theirs ; the respon.
' sibility of this neglect is at your door ;
" and certainly it is because of this
' neglect that the col'Sred man is weak
i and unskilled in accomplishing the pur
s poses of life—in meeting the demands
' of a higher citizenship.
I; But, sirs, standing in my place, I
' I have besought the Council to take
', \ action, and make the needed appropri
I' ation j presenting from time to time
>! such earnest and respectful petitions,
• j signed by our best colored citizens, all
l asking and praying for better school
', facilities for their children, as seemed
f ; to me proper and right, in obedience
l to the wishes of my people ; and yet no
) appropriation is made.
3 It cannot be longer said that the
. School Commissioners are at fault, for
I I have taken the pains to inform myself
- from their official record, and I state
3 therefrom, that for more than seven
s years, the School Boards of Norfolk
7 have pointed out to the Councils, as
3 was their duty to do, the great neces
t sity for a schoolhouse fo.- colored chil
i dren, and in face of all this, in spite of
: the recommendation of a School Board
which is in sympathy with the Councils,
3 nothing is done. I must confess my
3 : inability to see this great necessity
- is held bacETbr so long a time, and
s nothing but postponement in one shape
3 or another is agreed upon and succeeds
II The duty I owe to my people, the
-; responsibility to and interest in that
, I race, of which I am an humble member,
l! forbid that I should speak in a more
. uncertain sound or tenor. One thing
t is certain ; we must not disguise it. and
f candor compels me to state the fact,
j that on the stump both parties are
3 claiming the votes of the colored man,
l and yet in the Councils and all the
3 Boards of the City Government, their
3 wants and wishes; yea, their imperative
.« necessities are alike unheeded and ig
3 Therefore, in the name of the colored
citizens of Norfolk, and as one of their
3 chosen representatives in this body, I
3 claim that if jour public pledges to our
race and people are made in good faith,
l it is my duty to remind you of and to
3. call upon you now and at this time to
3 fulfil your promises, and thereby show
- to them and to the world, that as citi
zens we are bound by a common
brotherhood to educate the children in
our midst, who as men must take our
' places, so that Norfolk may be better
because we have lived in it Then to
.> do this I claim at your hands the ap-
PRICE 5 CENTS
propriation so strongly recommended
by the School Board; so urgently
recommended and petitioned for by,
every colored man in your midst, I
claim with all the earnestness of which
I am capable, that this appropriation
shall no longer be trifled with, but
shall be made a law.
Speaking as I do, the sentiment of
every colored man who will thereon
act for himself, his family and his little
ones, I desire to say:
First. We are not asking for mixed
schools, but will watch and regard with
interest every act of the Councils, be
cause in this fflaUtf-g-the i-nt-orest and
well-being of our frkHaren ie at stake.
Second. TVe will insist by my vote
here and their votes at the polls that
this appropriation so pitiful in amount
but immeasurable in importance to
generations to follow us, which is asked
for, shaU be made, and that equal pay
to colored teachers, equal schools and
equal education shall be provided for
the 2,754 colored children residing in
■*>-«-» i —
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, 6c.
Made by Knights of Labor.
All persons desiring a nice, clean
shave at the hands of skilled artists,
should call at the Model Palace of J.
Guvernator, No. 10 N. Seventeenth st.
Cupping and leeching perfectly done.
Smoke " Mullen's Pets " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
-»-•-» . m
To The Public.
Richmond, Va., May 1, 1886.
From this day our factory will adopt
the eight hour system, as recommended
by the Preamble of the Knights of La
bor, without any reduction in the pay
of our employees. The Work
man" and "Unknown Knight" brands,
which have become so popular among
the organized workingmen of the coun
try, will be kept up to their high stan
dard in quality, and none but members
of the Order will be employed in its
manufacture. J. Wright & Co.,
Smoke " Mullen's Pets " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
500 pairs Men's High-Cut and Low
Quarter Sample Shoes, at half their
value, at Kaufman's, 1530 Main street.
Hom~TKey Do It.
We have often called attention in
these columns to the hopelessness of
the workingman s efforts to obtain jus
tice, either before the courts or in the
legislative halls, as long as he continues
to send professional political dema
gogues to represent him, simply be
cause the aforesaid demagogue success
fully poses as the " workingman's
friend " while taking particular care to
do nothing to offend the corporations
through whose influence alone—in nine
cases out of ten—the nominations of
" the party " are procured. The follow
ing, from a Washington correspondent
to a St. Louis paper, may serve to open
the eyes of many workingmen to the
true inwardness of the motives of many
alleged "workingman's friends" in
making a great noise but doing little
effective work in matters affecting
labor interests. The correspondent
vouches for the truth of a portion of a
very interesting conversation which he
overheard between Representatives
Beriah Wilkins, of Ohio, and Hon. John
J. O'Neill, Representative from the
Eighth Missouri District, this city. It
must be admitted that John J. manages
to keep his eye on the " main chance"
while pretending to be consumed with
his great love for the dear workingman:
Wilkins—Well, O'Neill, what do you
think of the President's labor m<. *sage ?
O'Neill—l think if we manipulate it
properly we can make it very useful in
the next campaign.
Wilkins—But we should not think
of politics in this matter. We ought
to think of the poor fellows who are
affected by these labor troubles.
O'Neill—Yes, I know, but we can
make the President's mt'esago very use
ful, just the same.— Ex.
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
800 pairs Ladies' Sample Shoes, for
one-half their value, at Kaufman's, 1539
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
The organization of capital in detail
led to the organization of labor in a
similar manner. And now that labor
has made, or is making, its organiza
tion general, capital will naturally fol
low its example. It has the same right
to self protection that other interests
have. But the representatives of cap
ital will make a grave error if they un
dertake to antagonize or crush out the
I organization of labor. So long as the
j the latter confine themselves to lawful
methods, and pursue ends which com
mand the sympathy of the public, they
are invulnerable. Men are stronger
than dollars. Jay Gould and his lords
of capital can never put down Mr.
Powderly and the Knights of Labor
upon the line laid down by the latter
in his famous circular and in his test 1
i mony at Washington.— Boston Herald.