Newspaper Page Text
'Twas a stylish congregation, that of Tlieo
And its organ was the biggest and the
finest in the town,
And the chorus—all the paper* favorably
commented on it,
For 'twas said eacli female Maker had a
forty dollar bonnet.
Now in the " amen corner " of the church
sat Brother Eyer,
Who persisted everj- Sabbath day in Hinging
with the choir;
He was poor, but genteel-looking and bis
heart as snow was white,
And his old face beamed with sweetness
when he sang with all his might.
Hi-; voice was cracked and broken, age had
touched his vocal chords,
And nearly every Sunday he would mis
pronounce the words
Of the hymns, and 'twas no wonder, be
was old, and nearly blind,
And the choir rattling onward, always left
him far behind.
The chorus stormed and blustered, Brother
Eyer sang too slow,
And then he used the tunes in vogue an
hundred years ago;
At last the storm-cloud bursted, and the
church was told, in fine,
That the brother must stop singing, or the
choir would resign !
Then the pastor called together in the ves
try room one day
Seven influential members who subscribe
more than they pay,
And having asked God's guidance in a
printed prayer or two,
They put their heads together to deter
mine" what to do.
They debated, thought, suggested, till at
last "dear Brother York,"
Who that winter made a million -011 a sud
den rise in pork,
Rose and moved that a committee wait at
once on Brother Eyer,
And proceed to rake him lively " for dis
turbing of the choir."
Said he : " In that 'ere organ I've invested
quite a pile,
And we'll sell it if we cannot worship in
the latest style;
Our Philadelphy tenor tells me 'tis the
For to make God understand him when
the brother tries to sing.
" We've got the biggest organ, the best
dressed choir in town,
W T e pay the steepest sal'ry to our pastor,
But if we must humor ignorance because
it's blind and old—
If the choir's to be pestejd, I will seek
another fold." J-—
And so the motion carried, and one day a
coach and four
With the latest style of driver rattled up
to Eyer's door;
And the sleek, well-dressed committee.
Brothers Sharkey, York and Lamb,
As they crossed the humble portal took
good care to miss the jamb.
They found the choir's great trouble sitting
in his old arm chair,
And the summer's golden sunbeams lay
upon his thin white hair;
He was singing "Rock of Ages" in a
creaked voice and low,
But the angels understood him, 'twas all
he cared to know.
Said York: " We're here, dear brother,
with the vestry's approbation
To discuss a little matter that affects the
"And the choir, too," said Sharkey, giv
ing Brother York a nudge,
" And the choir, too! " he echoed with
the graveness of a judge.
"It was the understanding when we bar
gained for the chorus.
That it was to relieve us, that is, do the
singing for us;
If we rupture the agreement, it is very
plain, dear brother,
It will leave our congregation and be gob
.bled by another.
"We don't want any singing except that
what we've bought!
The latest tunes are all the rage ; the old
ones stand for naught;
And so we have decided—are you listening
That you'll have to stop your singin', for
it flurrytotes the choir."
The old man slowly raised his head, as
sige that he did hear,
And on his cheek the trio caught the glit
ter of a tear;
His feeble hands pushed back the locks
white as the silky snow,
As he answered the coflimiflec-Mu a voice
both sweet and low:
"I've sung the Psalms of David nearly
eighty years," said he;
"They've been my staff and comfort all
along life's dreary way ;
I'm sorry I disturb the choir, perhaps I'm
But when my heart is filled with praise, I
can't keep back a song.
" I wonder if beyond the tide that's break
ing at my feet,
In the far-off heavenly temple, where the
Master I shall greet—
Yes, I wonder when I try to sing the
songs of God up high'r,
If the angel band will church me for dis
turbing heaven's choir."
A silence filled the little room; the old
man bowed his head;
The carriage rattled on again, but Brother
Eyer was dead!
Yes, dead! his hand had raised tiie veil
the future hangs before us,
And the Master, dear, had called him to
tin- everlasting chorus.
The choir missed him for a while, but he
was soon forgot,
A few church-goers watched the door; the
old man entered not;
Far away, his voice no longer cracked, lie
sang his heart's desireß,
Where there are no church committees
and no fashionable choirs!
Baltimore Free Press.
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF DISTRICT ASSEMBLIES 84 AND 92, KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
GODFREY BELTON'S FORTUNE
BY S. ANNIE FROST.
" You will go with us to the fair,
Godfrey ? "
" Fairs are a dreadful bore! " said
that gentleman, lazily stretching his
six feet of manhood, comfortably seated
in an arm-chair.
Miss Melvina Belton, called in the
bosom of her family Vina, looked stern
ly at her cousin.
"Do you know, Godfrey," she said,
'' that yon have altered srre &Hv in the
last five years, and for the worse '.'"
" Now, Vina, don't scold."
" You went away a frank, pleasant
fellow, always ready for any pleasure
that offorded, my best escort wherever
I might be going. You have come
home a perfect misanthrope."
" Because I say fairs are a bore!"
"No, because you dawdle through
life, as though existence was a burden.
You, young, rich, well born, well edu
cated, traveled, and not bad-looking."
" What a falling off! Why couldn't
you cap the climax with handsome,
"Because nobody looks handsome
with an expression of having been fed
upon sour apples and persimmons! "
" Oh, come, Vina! I'll go to the fair
with you, if you will spare me the rest
of it. What is the money for ?"
" Church debt. I will be ready at
" All right."
Having gained her point, Vina was
content to leave her cousin in peace,
while she went to prepare a dress; to
storm the hearts of the Summerville
" I wonder what does ail Godfrey ? "
she said to Bessie, her sister, as the
two stitched bows upon a new dress,
"he does not talk much about his
mother, and it is nearly two years since
she died, but he seems nearly heart
" In love, perhaps," said Bessie, who
read poetry and novels, and was in
clined to take a romantic view of life.
" Perhaps ! I wonder if Miss Gilroy
will be at the fair?"
" I don't know. I heard Mr. Jones
say her house would be ready for her
to-morrow. I wonder if give
a party ? "
"Oh, wouldn't that be splendid!
Did you tell Godfrey about her! "
" Yes. He asked me if she was about
eighty, and a great invalid, and said
that described the only Miss Gilroy
he ever knew."
" Did you tell him ? "
" Only that she was young and very
handsome. He did not seem interested
in the subject."
" Nor in any other. I never saw a
man so changed. And he is only
twenty-seven I "
The only hall in Somerville was well
filled with patrons for the pretty tables
when the Belton party arrived. Vina's
description of her cousin, with the ad
ditional information that he had just
returned from a five years' residence in
Europe, must account for the fact that
he was decidedly the lion of the little
village for the time. Many a girlish
heart fluttered as his tall figure, fault
lessly attired, pasred up and down the
hall with one cousin or the other upon
"We must have our fortunes told,''
Bessie said, halting before the pretty
tent, with the words, " Fortune Teller"
over the entrance.
" Only one at the time," the young
lady at the entrance said, and with a
smile Godfrey paid for his ticket and
The light was dim, and he saw an
old woman in a quaint Gipsy dress,
seated upon a platform. She trembled,
but whether with age or cold he could
not determine. In a cracked voice she
" Would you know the future or the ',
past ?" Z.
" Suppose you tell me something of
the past," he said, carelessly, " and
then I can determine your power to
read the future."
■ The past! Shall I tell you of three
years ago, when you were in Paris? "
The young man started and looked
keenly at the wrinkled, spectacled face,
half hidden in a crimson hood.
"You were in Paris," said the!
cracked voice, " and someone else was ;
there. Fortune tellers always tell of
love. You loved then ! "
The keen, attentive gaze did not
waver, as Godfrey said, in a low tone:
"What can you tell me of that
"I can tell you what broke your
love-dream ! I can tell you why Ethel
Blake left Paris! "
" Tell me! "he cried, in an eager
" You had told her you loved her, and
she believed you. She was very happy
believing that. She was very poor—
companion to a fretful, aged invalid—
and her fife had little sunshine until
you came to brighten it. But you said
you loved her."
" Ah, how deeply ! " he sighed,
scarcely above a whisper.
" She loved you. But only one day
"THAT IS THE MOST PERFECT
I later your mother went to her, and told
j her "
■ That you were betrothed to your
cousin, and that you would be a beg
gar if you offended your only living
parent. She threatened to leave you
penniless, and told Ethel Blake you
were but trifling."
" Oh, mother! " whispered Godfrey,
" could you do me such wrong ? "
" So the next day Ethel persuaded
her mistress to leave Paris. They left
no trace, for the old lady made few
friends. And Mrs. Belton never re
ceived the note left for her. It was
" And then ? Where did they go
"To Italy. They lived in Florence
in quiet seclusion till the old lady died,
six months ago. Ethel came home
" To this country. She stands alone,
as she may have told you, orphaned
years ago. Her employer was her
second cousin, and nearest relative."
"In this country. Where can I see
" Not so fast! I have not said you
could see her. Where is your cousin ? "
" Will you carry a message for me ? "
"Tell her, for we will not speak
harshly of the dead, that my mother
was mistaken about my betrothal to
anyone. Tell her my mother is dead.''
" Dead ! I did not know that."
" And I have wealth. It is a burden
to me, but if she will share it, I will
make our home a Paradise for her."
" You love her still ?"
" I have never ceased to love her for
one moment I have sought her since
we parted, a heart-broken man, weary
ing for the sight of her face, the sound
of her voice. And now that I have
found her, I will never let her go
And Godfrey lifted the old fortune
teller to his arms, pushing back the
crimson hood, and stooping to press
his lips upon the wrinkled face.
She suffered his caresses for a mo
ment, then said:
" You know me too soon! But you
do love me, Godfrey ? "
" You are my only love, Ethel. But
how came you here ?"
" Let me sit down again and.puiTup
my hood. Now," as she again ajusted
her disguise, "if anyone comes in, I
am only telling your fortune."
" Tell me of yourself. Tell me how
you have fared since we parted. Tell
me you will be my wife to-morrow, and
know loneliness no more."
" Tell you of myself? Listen, then.
When my employer died, I came to
New York, and staid with an old friend
till June. Then there came a craving
upon me to see the home where you
had lived, the cousin to whom I had
heard you were betrothed, and I came
to Summerville. I have been playing
the organ in the church this summer,
and when the fair was proposed, I said
I would give what aid I could. So I
" But I have been at home a week,
and I have not seen you nor heird of
"You have not seen me, but you
may have heard of a lady who has pur
chased a house not very far fron: your
aunt's, and sent the furniture from
New York. A lady, who has a hundred
thousand dollars of her own, tnd is
something of a heroins in Summerville,
"Miss Gilroy. When my cousin,
whom you must remember well, died,
she left me her fortune, begging I
would take her name. So though you
parted in Paris from Ethel Blake, it is
Ethel Blake Gilroy you meet in Sum
"Come, Godfrey," said Bessie, com
ing into the tent, "surely you must
have heard your fortune by this time."
"I have," was the emphatic reply.
"I have heard the best of fortunes,
Bessie. Have you come to hear yours?"
" No; I have been here once this
evening. It is getting late, and Vina
is looking for you."
" Say good night! " said the fortune
teller. "To-morrow, Mr. Belton, try
the charm I have given you, and seek
the lady you love! "
And Godfrey Belton promised obedi- j
ence, and escorted his cousin home,
returning hurriedly, only to find the
hall closed for the night.
But he had found his fortune, and
he lost it no more. There was a quiet
wedding a few days later, and when
Miss Gilroy took possession of her new
home she was Miss Gilroy no longer,
but had solemnly promised for her
whole life to share Godfrey Belton's
name and fortune.
* ■ »
Jay Gould, with the aid of the Asso
ciated Press and his Western Union ;
telegraph, is manufacturing public
opinion, so he thinks, in regard to the j
strikes in the Southwest. The Asso
ciated Press, under the manipulation |
of Jay Gould, has become such a con-,
firmed liar in regard to labor matters j
that nobody will believe it in regard to |
the same, even though it should happen
to tell the truth.— Ex.
1 ENFORCE THE THURMAN ACT,
SEND GOULD TO THE PENITENTIARY
AND RECLAIM HIS STOLEN
, The People Have the Law and the Right
and Let Them be Enforced.
The iron is hot and now is the time
I to strike.
I Jay Gould and his corporate confed
i crates are guilty of crimes and viola
. tions of law which, if enforced, may
, land them behind iron bars, and take
pahom them 1 c millions they havo
, from the government and the people.
The Pacific system constitutes the
, backbone of our dangerous railroad
j It is the keystone to the great arch
of the confederated corporations which
control the national and state govern
ments, and if it can be broken down
I the balance will be but rubbish which
. can be washed away by the swift cur
rent of public opinion and popular in
As but comparatively few persons are
conversant with the law which has for
several years existed, but which has
never been enforced, in regard to the
obligations of the Pacific management,
and its gross and repeated violations
,by Jay Gould and his management, it
may be well at this crisis to turn on
On the 7th day of May, 1868, Con
gress passed an act entitled "An act to
alter and amend the act entitled 'An
act to aid in the construction of a rail
road and telegraph line from the Mis
souri river to the Pacific ocean, and to
secure to the government the use of
the same for postal and military pur
purposes,' approved July 1, 1862."
This act, among other things, applied
to the Union Pacific, the Central Pacific,
including the Southern Pacific, besides
divers other Pacifies and other railroad
corporations consolidated with the
Central and Union.
To these companies was granted a
vast area of the public domain, be
sides, by way of a loan, over $04,000,000
of United States bonds, the companies
guaranteeing to pay the interest when
These companies have also issued',
and disposed of an amount of its #wn
bonds equal to the amount loaned to
them by the government, which artf'
paramount to the lien of the govern
ment, on its second mortgage.
So far the companies have paid no
interest, the same having been paid by
the government out of the public
funds, and at this writing their liabili
ties to the government exceed $105,
To secure the United States its great
indebtedness, which could not be pro
vided for without further legislation,
the act above cited passed.
1. That the net earnings of these
roads should be ascertained by deduct
ing the expenses actually paid from
the gross earnings, respectively for
operating and repairs within the year.
2. That of the net earnings not less
than twenty-five per cent., including
compensation for postal and military
service rendered for the government,
should be applied, one half to the pay
ment of interest heretofore paid and
to be paid by the United States, and
the other half turned into the United
States treasury as a sinking fund to
ward the liquidation of the principal.
These obligations on the part of the
corporations have never been complied
No part of the net earnings has been
paid over to the government, and no
sinking fund has been deposited. But
this is not all.
To evade the law, by making the net
earnings as small as possible, these
corporations, owning and operating
connecting railroads and Pacific steam
ship lines, have given to these connect
ing lines the. bulk of the charges, nuty
withstanding the trunk lines have
made respectable semi-annual dividends
Section six provides that no divi
dend shall be voted, made or paid for
or to any stockholder or stockholders
in either of the said companies at any
time when said companies shall be in
. default in respect to payment of either
;of the sums required as aforesaid to be
paid into said sinking fund, or in re
spect of the payment of the said per
centum of the net earnings, or in re
spect of interest upon any debt, the
i lien of which, or of the debts on which
;it may accrue, is paramount to that of
the United states.
And any officer or person who shall
vote, declare, make or pay, and any
stockholder of any of said corporations j
who shall receive, any such dividends,
contrary tg the provisions of this act, \
: shall be liable to the United States for i
j the amount thereof, which, when re-!
i ceived, shall be paid into said sinking ]
And every such officer, person or i
, stockholder who shall knowingly vote,
j declare, make or pay such dividends,
I contrary to the provisions of this act,
shall be deemed guilty of misdemeanor, i
and on conviction thereof shall be j»in ;
IN WHICH AN INJURY TO ONE IS THE CONCERN OF ALL."
I ished by a fine not exceeding ten thou
j sand dollars, and by imprisonment
I not exceeding one year.
Sec. 11. That if either of said rail
i road companies shall fail to perform,
■ all and singular, the requirements of
this act, and of the acts hereinbefore
mentioned, and of any other act relat
ing to said companies to be by it per
formed for the period of six months
after such performance may be due,
such failure shall operate as a forfeit
ure of all the rights, privileges, grants
and franchises derived or obtained by
or from the United States
" A nd it shall be the duty of the A t
pPSWloy cStweTor'*l«7~ewttac-«aat J.wesTaJ
be practically enforced?
This is what is known as the Thur- j
man Act, and for the part which Sena
tor Thurman took in its passage the
honest old Roman of the Democratic j
party was forced into political exile, j
where he has ever since remained, and
will remain until liberated through the
enforcement of this act by the people.
It is now eight years since this law
was enacted, and although it has been
openly violated sixteen times it has re
mained a dead letter ever since its pas
Sixteen times can they be convicted
of misdemeanor and imprisoned one
year on each conviction.
On either of sixteen convictions can
their corporations be annulled, and all
their chartered rights, grants and priv
ileges be forfeited.
And sixteen semi-annual dividends
they can be made to yield up and turn
over to the government.
This will break the backbone of the
railroad mbnopoly, and demoralize its
power and influence in Congress and
It will be a death blow to monopoly
generally, and inspire the people with
hope and confidence in final emancipa
tion from corporate despotism. But
to accomplish this, the people must
put their shoulders to the wheel.
Let Liberty leagues be formed in
every school district in the nation, and
let each member contribute a small
sum to a fund for the employment of
Gen. B. F. Butler, and Hon. A G.
Thurman to prosecute this hydra
headed tyrant. A central organization
should be formed in Chicago, with
\ which, all local organizations should
aflach themselves for close consultation
and united action.
Gould has thrown down the iron
gauntlet, and dared the people to pick
The Knights of Labor, 500,000
strong should co-operate with this Lib
erty league, as it will be a powerful
flank movement in the war they are
prosecuting against the same common
enemy. The iron is hot and now is the
time to strike and strike to kill. Let
this be the first siege of the war, and
when this powerful fortress is battered
down, as it surely will be, then go to
the polls like free men, elect your can
didates and demand from them affirma
tive legislation in favor of human
rights, laid down in the platform of
many labor organizations.
Remove from your organizations all
the brute force, European ideas against
political discussion and action.
The bullet is a despot's ballot, the
free citizen's bullet is his ballot. Use
it, and our revolution will be bloodless,
and the labor population for the first
time in the world's history will obtain,
not equal, but equitable rights of per
son and of property, each according to
the intellectual and manual service he
or she may have contributed to the
public good and general welfare.—
• ■ m
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
All persons desiring a nice, clean
shave at the hands of skilled artists,
should call at the Model Palace of J.
Guvernator, No. 10 N. Seventeenth st.
,Cji]sping and leeching perfectly done. ■
Smoke " Mullen's Pets " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
Rich Judges Who StanV With Monopoly.
Judge Gait is apparently anxioufl to
get on the list as a sympathizer with mo
nopoly in the struggle with labor. He
delivered an address to the grand jury
at the opening of the Criminal Assizes
in Toronto touching on the case of the
street railroad striker, Matthew Malo
ney, in which his bias against labor or
ganizations was strongly apparent. He
had bitter denunciation for the strikers,
but not a word of censure for the
heartless and despotic corporation
which drove the men into a strike to
defend their right. Pampered syco
phants like Gait, who draws a salary of j
$5,000 or about $100 a week, can't put
themselves in the position of men who
work twelve or thirteen hours daily for ;
less than a tenth part of the sum. And
there are some idiots who talk about
oar poor underpaid judges and want j
to see their salaries increased. For our j
part, we should like to see these pom- j
pous, inflated humbugs brought down
to mechanics' wages for a while, anyhow
•■ that they would know what it was to :
be poor.— Ex.
Referring to the report that Arch
bishop Tascherau, of Montreal, had is
sued a mandamus forbidding Catholics
to become Knights of Labor, as being
one of the dangerous societies con
! demned with Free Masonry, Vicar-
General Conway, of Chicago, speaking
for Archbishop Feehan, said to-day:
" The Knights of Labor is not one of
the societies condemned by the Church.
It is not to be placed in the same cate
gory with Free Masonry and similar
secret societies. There is a wide dif
ference between their purpose, as well
their influence on the religious life
•\»£-""""llie Individual members. The
I Knights of Labor is composed of labor
j ing men, having no ulterior object
| other than to receive just compensa-,
I tion for their labor. If there has beer,
bloodshed in any place, accompanying
existing strikes, it has rather bean
caused by starvation wages given by
monopolies than by malice or ill will of
workingmen. The Knights of Labor,
as a society, I do not believe respon
sible for this shedding of blood. The
workingman has the right to receive
just compensation for his labor. The
wives and children of employers five
sumptuously and dress finely, while
the laborer's family barely has the
necessary food to keep away actual
want. lam perfectly willing to pub
lish my views of this question, so far
as they relate to better pay for work
ingmen. And because the society has
but this one object, and does not inter
fere with the religious belief of its
members nor assume the position of
religious teaching, the Church has not
and does not forbid Catholics from
joining it— Chamjrion.
• ■! m
Smoke Sunbeam Cigars.
m m •♦
With what gusto and relish do those
who wish to uphold monopoly in its
warfare upon the people argue in favor
of "the right of the case." Absolute
right is brought down to its finest
point when applied to a body of work
ingmen, but when applied to corporate
monopoly it is as elastic as rubber.
The workingmen have no right to or
ganize, to strike, to boycott, to hinder
others from taking their places, to pro
tect their famines from wrong. In the
hrfafiie of God what rights has the work
ingman got? Only the right to
work or starve, for it is so nomi
nated in the bond. Perhaps, if we look
a little closer into this question, we
may discover a few rights which even
the common people have. In the first
place, from whence do rights emanate ?
Primarily, in Christian countries, the
decalogue is a bill of rights.
Behind each edict which thundered
from Sinai commencing with "Thou
shalt not," there was an understood
"Thou shalt." When "Thou shalt
not steal" was adopted there was an
implied command to prevent others
from stealing. When " Thou shalt not
kill " was given to the people there was
a duty imposed upon mankind to pre
vent the taking of human life. How
has monopoly observed these com
mands ? Is not this giant robbing and
stealing and killing day by day, and
no word is raised against these unholy
acts except when raised by the poor
victims of organized greed and corpo
rate selfishness ?
Later on in secular history we find
society organized for mutual protec
tion. When this protection is denied
the rights revert to the people individ
ually to protect themselves and those
near to them. Individual rights are
surrendered to society for general
good, but when society delegates these
rights to monopolies, which use them
to oppress the people, the people indi
vidually should resume them for then
own protection. A right presumes also
a duty. Capital has rights ;it also has
duties. Let it perform the latter if it
would be protected in the former.
What duty does a starving man owe to
society, which has deprived him of all
his rights! None whatever. He is a
law unto himself.
Have workingmen a right to organ
ize into unions ? Some years ago this
was answered in the negative, for
unions were in the minority. Now the
consession is made that men have such
rights. Yet truth is eternal, and does
not change. Their rights are now rec
ognized because organized labor is in
the majority, and the majority rules.
Yet this does not alter a question of
We hear it thundered forth from the
platform and the pulpit that labor has
no right to do this or that. It should
suffer long and be kind, like charity,
and not attempt to protect itself from
absolute wrong for fear its methods are
not right in the abstract according to
the standards set up by bigots.
We believe that organized labor
should do nothing but what is right;
but we do not propose to accept the
standard set up for us by those who
are interested in our enslavement.
If organization of labor is right in
the abstract it is wrong to oppose it;
if wrong, then what hypocrites are
those who are flocking under our ban
ners and breaking their necks to be
first at the feast!— Workman.
Ten Commandments Laid Down by
The Monopoly opened his mouth and
spoke unto Labor these words, saying: '
I.—l am thy landlord and thy boss.
Thou shalt acknowledge no other mas
ter before me. I own the land, the
water, the air, the light and the heat.
I also own the mines, the railroads, th.c
telegraph lines, the telephones, and all
labor-saving machinery which I have
secured from thy labor and skill, so that
I might be enabled to give thee employ
ment and keep the from starving.
Thou shalt not make or purchase
any inaaaorlikeness of any labor agi-
to" nave'in preier
ence to mine, for I am a fierce and jeal- J
ens master, visiting the sins of parents '
upon their children, unto the thir
teenth and fourteenth generations of
those that oppress me; but only show-i
ing my contempt for those that fear
me and keep my commandments.
11-—Thou shalt not take the name
of Monopolist, thy master, in vain, nor
speak derogatory of him or of any of
his fawning parasites who do his bid
ding ; for he will not hold him guiltless
that taketh his name in vain.
llL—Remember the Sabbath day to
keep it holy, and not read labor books
or papers; nor attend any meetings
held by labor agitators to talk about
raising wages and cause thee to doubt
thy master's justice and generosity.
Six days thou shalt labor and have a
slight interest in the product of thy
toil, but on the seventh day thou shalt
sing my praise, read my command
ments, and woe be unto him who dares
to raise his voice against me on that
IV.—Honor thy father and mother if
they join no labor union and teach thee
to do likewise, that thou mayest be ac
ceptable to thy master as a servant.
V.—Thou shalt not kill any of my
swine or cattle, or anything that is mine;
neither shalt thou hunt game in my
forests, nor fish in my lakes and rivers
without my permission and paying me
VL—Thou shalt not associate or
mingle with Knights of Labor or other
heritics who dispute my authority, re
sist my power, and seek to corrupt thee
and win thy allegiance from me.
Vll.—Thou shalt not steal any of my
property, nor take part in strikes, co
operating or boycotting; neither shalt
thou vote for any candidate or meas
ures that are opposed to my interests,
for all these things are an abomination
in my sight and I will not hold him
guiltless that engages in them.
VHl.—Thou shalt not be a witness
agunst me in any court, and if thou art
called to testify in any case in which I
am interested thou shalt, if necessary,
swsar falsely for my sake, and let " the
pualic be damned," and great shall be
IX.—Thou shalt not covet thy mas
ter's horses, carriages, furniture or
luxuries or comforts of any kind, for
thou wert born inferior to him and hast
no right to any of these things.
X.—Thou shalt not covet any of his
profits by trying to raise wages ; or try
to better thy condition by joining a
labor organization, but thou shalt take j
whatsoever wages he chooseth to give |
thee, and any refractory movements on
thy part will meet with a jog from the
spurs that fortune has put upon his
He is the principality and the power.
He bribeth the judges, controlleth the
courts, and the decisions of the highest
tribunals are the works of his hands.
Thou shalt bow down before him and
worship him for if thou dost not he
will discharge thee from his service,
black fist thee and starve thee and thy
family to death.— Ex.
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
Fraternity, Not Antagonism.
The various organizations—Unions
and Assemblies—in the labor move
rm#t a -o similar to so many battalions
in a great army—each having its esprit
dv corps and all moving together the
more harmoniously, just in proportion !
as that esprit dv corps is developed.
Trades Unions are a large wing of!
the Labor Army. They are organized
on the automatic basis of trades lines,,
for trade objects ; they have a historic !
basis that insures their permanency, j
By no means are they ephemeral. As |
in the past in their embryo they ad- '•■
vanced in industry, and protected com- i
merce through the Guilds, so in the
future they will become the corner-stone
of a Co-operative Commonwealth.
It is a mistaken notion to imagine \
that " Trades Unions have failed " in
America. In fact it is only within the !
past decade that they have ever had a
fair trial. The old time organizations
of 15 to 2(r years ago, started simply in
the flush of good times to get a raise
of wages, or in bad times to resist a
reduction —have " failed and are pass- :
ing away. Trades Unions are now
being organized as they should be—on ,
a permanent basis—as social institu
tions, with high dues, trade benefits:
and insurance features.
Of necessity as in all other business
bodies, the deliberations of Trades
Unions are private, and they " mind i
PRICE 5 CENTS
i ' their own business " fully as well as if
j they were secret organizations. They
[ j have accomplished a world of good by
. their efforts, and there is no reason
why they shoidd be destroyed, nor can
. we see any signs of their " disintegra
, tion," as some are wont to think. In
j America they have been the Pioneers
,of the labor movement; out of them
I have sprung all other industrial move
, ments of wage workers in America.
. A Trades Union is distinctively an
organization of wage workers—it es
chews politics until such time as the
b workers, through association and ac
qimhitaiico with one another have
Hvi, in concert politically. Being or
j ganized on special trades lines, they
can act on trade matters all the more
intelligently and practically—as well as
speedily than if in a mixed body. This
is demonstrated again and again by the
Locomotive Engineers, Cigarmakers,
Printers and several other leading
National Trades Unions.— Carpenter.
A Senator's Enlightened Views.
Among the speakers at the great
labor demonstration held in Washing
ton on the 14th inst, was Senator
Eustis, of Louisiana. That he is in
hearty sympathy with the aspiration of
organized labor will be seen by the
following synopsis of his speech as
given by the Craftsman in its last issue:
" The Senator began by stating that
we could not truthfully deny that all
present rights, rights which nations had
struggled, fought and died to achieve,
had been secured to the people of this
Republic. In that sense this was now
the land of the free, the home of only
sovereign citizens. Tet co-existing
with this state of perfect personal inde
pendence there baa come about a sys
tem of political economy which pushes
to the verge of despair millions of men
who from every consideration of Right
and Equity should largely enjoy the
extraordinary natural advantages with
which our country is favored. The few
have become richer than Croesus, more
powerful than Napoleon, more despotic
than Eastern potentate, while a large
portion of the American people are dis
contented, even to the point of desper
" And that this discontent was war
ranted the Senator concedes by the ad
mission the: were'it not for the organ
ized resistance offered by labor to the
over-crowding encroachments of the
giant corporations of the nineteenth
century, we would now be but degraded
white slaves, bound hand and foot to
the Juggernaut of Capital. There
must be found a remedy. The problem
must be solved, if it should take the
entire power and all the resources of
the Government of which the American
workingman is the corner stone. And
in the settlement, says the broad-mind
ed Senator from Louisiana, the monopo
lies and corporations must be placed
subordinate to the welfare of the peo
ple at large. This stand, it will be re
j membered, is precisely the position
taken twenty-five long years ago, by
Abraham Lincoln. He foresaw the
insatiable greed, the never ceasing de
| mands of capital, and he gave solemn
I warning that in the best interests of the
nation the fact must be borne in mind
that of the two, labor must be the first
considered; that capital, the creature,
must be subordinate to its creator,
labor. How completely has this in
junction been disregarded."
Smoke " Mullen's Pets " Cigars, sc.
Made by Knights of Labor.
The Stetson Boycott.
When the Stetson Company secured
the contract for supplying helmets to
the police force it was through misrep
resenting facts to the Mayor and his
officials.. The son in-law of Mr. Stetson,
who conducted the arrangements with
the police department, told a deliberate
lie to the mayor, in the presence of
Chief of Police Stewart and John
Sheddwr, whon Re said that no trouble
existed between Mr. Stetson and the
Knights of Labor, as the following an
| nouncement, taken from the Journal
I of United Labor, which is the only
j official organ of the Order published,
; will show:
The boycott on John B. Stetson &
j Co., hat manufacturers, of Philadelphia,
: Pa., was issued by Local Assemblies
3535 and 3560, with the approval of
I D. A. 1, and is genuine, although not
i formally endorsed by the General Ex-
I ecutive Board, inasmuch as it was issued
prior to the change in the laws which
became operative on January 1, 1886.
Previous to that date any District
! Assembly could issue a general boycott
! but since that date all boycotts outside
I of the jurisdiction of a District or Local
j Assembly must be approved by the
I General Executive Board before they
can be issued.
His Honor can now see how the
| agent of John B. Stetson falsified, in
order to obtain the contract. We hope
soon to see an ordinance passed by
I Councils which will debar any firm or
; contractor from securing municipal
I work of any kind unless he employs
Union workmen. With such a law,
which could be consistently endorsed
by every labor organization and by
every fair business man, we would soon
be free from such men as Stetson and
, Good win. — Tocsin.