Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 1.-IsTO. 39.
[THE DEAD WORKER.
hands'. fold them over her brea-t,
So hard, so brown, so cold !
I'lit-y have done their work and have won
I their rest,
liough they won no gold.
Theirs was a battle for bread.
How they struggled aud grappled and
rhands! fold them gently, for they
nee lay in a mother's breast,
dimpled and pink and cosily
i birds in a neat.
And a mother's heart once leapt
As into her bosom they crept.
r hands! give them flower> to carry
own into the grave, for they
iVcre too work-worn and too world-weary
To pause by the way.
And pluck them; bring liHcs and rosea
And till the Mill' iingCT3"with poafes.
oor feet! when the way was cold
nd winding and nettle-strewn,
passed them by with only a sigh
or the blood-prints under the moon ;
Now that the life-blood is froze,
Bring the warm garters and hose,
oor eyes! close them, too —how they
ay ! place no gold on that brow,
was lack of that made the furrow
he needs none now.
She goes to a mansion whose floor
Is paved with the costliest ore.
r eyes ! no leisure they had
o look up at the sky
Vnd see if t'was blue, as the poet said ;
But now they see.
To-day they are not so dim,
But that they will open on Him.
* N. Y. Star.
A BRIDE'S CONFESSION.
BY SHIRLEY BROWNE.
Perhaps I »have not selected the
nost appropriate title for my little
itory. For it wasn't a quarrel at all.
t was only a disagreement. Ferdi
land was a great deal too gentlemanly
md magnanimous to quarrel with me,
ilthough I tried my best to get up a
ittle sensation in the tragic way! It
was when wa were first married, and
Ferdinand spoke, in the most inciden
;al and matter-of-fact way in the world.
>f his mother coming there. Then I
remembered what dear mamma had
»id to me the week before the wed
ling, when we were stoning raisins for
[he cake, and preparing the sugar j
"No tnattef he
may offer, what argumfents he may use,"
said mamma, in her most impressive
way, "never consent my child to be
burdened with a mother-in-law."
"P won't, mamma," I said, earnestly.
•' If you do, it will be the end of do
mestic peace," added mamma.
" Yes, I know it" said I.
Because, you see, I had read in i
novels about mothers-in-law, and what
dreadful amounts of mischief they con
trived to do under the most smiling ex
teriors. And I never had seen Ferdi
nand's mother, who was a Southern j
lady, but I felt quite sure that she
would roll up her eyes at all my faults
and inexperiences, and require an es
pecial colored servant to wait on her
So, when we were married and came
back from our wedding-trip to the
sweet little house with the Persian cur
tain, and the bay-window filled with
roses that Ferdinand had bought and
furnished for ma, he said:
"Lally, I've got a letter from my
tther. She's coming to New York
the 10th of the month!"
-' Is she ?" said L feeling my face
grow scarlet as I stirred my cup of
f>colate with a vigorous spoon.
1 Which room do you think would
most convenient for her "'.'' he went
on. " The little south one, with stained
glass window, or the octogon room
with the autumn-leaf colored carpet ?"
("Now," said I to myself, "is the
time to be a heroine, and nip all this
sort of thing in the bud." )
So I answered boldly:
* To tell you the truth, dear, I don't
wi* to entertain your mother at all! "
"What!" saidV with a
flash "In his eye's wli'icV, en ire nous,
frightened me half to death. But I
went bravely on.
" No," said I. " It's best to be plain
at the very beginning. I—l don't want
to be domineered over by a mother in
law ! And I won't!"
"But Lally," said my husband,
slowly, " this is very strange! "
"Isit ? " said I. " / don't think so,
" Your mother, as I understand it, is
coming to visit us in December ?''
" Yes," acknowledged I, " but she is
mamma ! "
" And my mother "
" She is my mother-in law ! " I de-
Ferdinand looked around the room.
" I thought this was my house ! " said
"It's mine, too!" I interrupted, for I
had been reading up on ihe subject
"It's an equal partnership, you know.
And I have a right to select my own
companions and gueste!"
"My darling,'' said Ferdinand, "how
very silly and inconsequent all this is !
Let us forget that we have ever had so
foolish a discussion. Get the octagon
room ready at once!"
THE LABOR HERALD
OFFICIAL ORGAN OF DISTRICT ASKMBLIES 84 AND 92, KNIGHTS OF LABOR.
I knew it was a fatal mistake, the
moment I had uttered the syllables. I
might have been sure, when I looked
into Ferdinand's eyes, that his mother
couldn't have been anything but an old
darling. But I had resolved to act up
to my standard. A dark shadow came
over my husband's face; he did not
scold nor reproach me, nor even at
tempt to argue with me.
1" Very well," was all that he said.
" Because," I pleaded, " don't you
" Pardon me, Laura," he gently in
terposed, " I prefer not to discuss the
"Mamma is to come, ju&trthesaiiie!"
" Certainly!" said he. "Itis no part
of my plan to separate mother and
I felt in my icmost heart that I was
doing a mean and selfish thing, but I
could not forget what mamma had told
me, and all Aunt Sadie's reminiscences
of how she had once been toimented
out of her life by her cross old mother
in-law, and the various other stories
that I had read and heard on the sub
ject. So I persuaded myself that I had
conquered, and tried to feel very much
And after that first morning Ferdi
nand's manner was quite pleasant and
unchanged toward me. To all appear
ances, at least.
" He knows I am right," I thought
"He respects my determination and
But as the days went on I found that
I did not see so much of him. He was
often absent all the evening—and one
night I mustered up courage to ask
hin» where he had been.
" To see my mother," he answered,
quietly. " She is at the St. Sauveur
Hotel. It is natural, is it not, that I
should wish to see all that I can of
I did not answer. Perhaps he ex
pected me to volunteer to call on her,
but after all that had passed on the
subject, I could not He went on
speaking of her as he might speak of
any ordinary subject, saying how much
she enjoyed the operas and theatres of
the great city, how bracing and de
lightful she found the climate after the
enervating heats of the South, and
quoting, with evident satisfaction, one
or two of her irka.
In my secret heart I felt that I should
like to see her, but it was too late to
say so now. Neither could I complain
that I had so little of his society of
late, deeply as the consciousness stung
me. For was she not his mother ?
I felt naturally enough, a little ner
vous when the time approached for
mamma's visit. And when she came
with a perfect Tower of Babel of trunks
and my two fashionable young lady
cousins from Chicago, I really felt as if
Ferdinand had reason for complaint.
I know that there was 'piteous depre
cation in my face as I ran to meet him
in the hall that evening, and said:
"Oh, Ferdinand, mamma has come!"
"Has she?" he responded, pleas
"And Marion St. Clare is with her,
and Lauretta Dimond from Chicago,
and they are used to occupying sepa
rate rooms, so that I have been obliged
to move your books out of the study
for the present into the closet under
"That is all right," he said, kindly—
and I could have hugged him for the
cordial and courteous welcome he ex
tended to them all Oh, how much
better he had behaved than I. I
blushed scarlet when I thought of
it If it had only been to do over
again, how differently I would have
regulated my conduct.
"Mamma," I said, when we all sat
together after tea and Ferdinand had
gone out to secure seats for us to hear
"Patience." "I've a great mind to in
vite Ferdinand's mother here to make
your acquaintance. She is at the St.
Sauveur Hotel, and "
"Lally," cried np
on't!" echoed Miss St C!air.
■ dear Sophronia Seltm's h«ime
endered wretched, to ay cerfain
ledge, by the wiles of an infrig
ot three months ago," aided Lav
"And they're actually talking oi
livorce Court now!"
> far," said mamma, ''you lavt
■ed admirably. Do not Light
future by following aiiy rah im
word and pleasant deed] of ierdi
toward my relations was ;ke (
id arrow in my heart - Foi
ma was a little inclined] to le ex
g, and Lauretta and Marion wen
asy to please, and Lieschen tin
secretly gave me a month's yarn
while little Kitty, thn waitress
red that "human flesh and bixx
In't stand it, no more tie;
But the worst was still to come. On
r morning mamma waked up, delirici
! and ill. She had been ailing for s<\
> eral days, but we had hoped it wi
i nothing more than a severe cold. No^
j however, the culminating point seem*
"THAT IS THE MOST PERFECT AN INJURY TO ONE IS THE CONCERN OF ALL."
nigh at hand—and when the doctor
rendered his verdict that it was ty
phoid fever there was a general con
sternation in our midst.
Marion and Lauretta packed their i
trunks and left us at once. Of course,
they said, nobody could expect them to
remain in such an infected atmosphere
as this. Lieschen departed with the j .
fowls half plucked for dinner. It was
her duty, she said, to look after herself, r
and Kitty only remained long enough
to tell me that she was sorry, but her <
mother would on no account allow her
to stay where the " fa-aver " was.
" Don't look so appalled, Lally," said '
Ferdinand. uWe can have ourmaJg t
sent in from a restaurant, and I will ,
get a nurse to help you." .
'• But you, Ferdinand," I pleaded,
" You ought not to expose yourself, j
Go somewhere else. Stay away from
the house until the fever abates."
"And leave you, Lally?" he said re- j
proachfully. "Do you think I could
be such a recreant as that V
He kissed me aud went away. All
day I remained in solitude, for the fe- \
ver was of such a malignant type that
not a neighbor ventured to come near , ,
me; but in the twilight a tall, graceful .
figure glided across my threshold like
a ministering angel, and took up her
position at mamma's bedside.
" Now, dear," she said, "go and rest, j
I am an experienced nurse, and do not
fear the disease. Mrs. Garland will
be quite safe in my charge, and you j
look pale and worn out." ]
I looked at her with filling eyes. j
"I know who you are," said I. i
" You are Ferdinand's mother."
" Yes," she said, folding me tenderly
to her breast.
" Will you not kiss me, darling'?"
Will you not say that you are glad to (
" Oh, so glad,—so rejoiced!" I ,
sobbed, with my face hidden on her .
shoulder. ''Can you ever, —ever par
don me for all the folly and*ingratitude
I have shown I"
She stayed with me through all those .
dreary weeks, faithful, tender, vigilant.
She upheld my hands when I was j
ready to faint, cheered me by precept j
and example, risked her own life, and
finally conquered death itself ? If ever :
there was a guardian angel in the
world, it was Ferdinand's mother!
And wlien at 'last mamm/'was -\&
enough to return home, I begged'
Ferdinand's mother to remain with me
" I cannot live without you," I said,
with eyes full of tears. " I need you
so much, —I love you so dearly!"
So she remained, —alwaj s.
And Ferdinand has never once
alluded to that first disagreement of
ours on the mother-in-law question.
He is quite satisfied to know that we
are all happy at last in the bonds of
our mutual affection.
And all this proves, don't it, that
men are more magnanimous and large
natured than women ? For what
woman, under these circumstances,
could have resisted the temptation to
say: " Didn't I know how it would be V '
But Ferdinand has been too generous
Ask your grocer for Good Luck
Soap. Largest cake of soap on the
market for five cents.
One of the reasons why the public
are so poorly imformed upon the real
merits of the controversy between capi
tal and labor, is the persistent and
systematic lying of interested parties
to the controversy, An employer, for
instance, is waited upon by a commit
tee of his workmen, who formally ac
quaint him with the wishes of the men.
The employer refuses to see the com
mittee. He insists upon dealing with
us employes individually; knowing
hat by so doing he can abso
utely control the conditions of
employment; so, as a warning
to future committees. ha? \hSv
charges them on the spot. re
port to the men, who say among them
selves: "When our elected representa
tives are discharged we are naturally
included. We cannot consistently re
turn to work unless our committee
men are reinstated.'' A strike follows.
The agent of the Associated Press goes
to the employer for a statement of the
facts, and is told by him that a couple
of his men were incompetent, and he
found it necessary to let them go, and
the men actually had the audacity to
tell him that he must keep men
whether incompetent or not, so that he
had to shut down rather than let a
labor organization run his business.
And the public takes up the silly howl,
"The employer has the absolute right
to hire and discharge those whom
he sees fit," and the strike is but a
manifestations of communism, etc.
The employer has such rights, and
workingmen do not deny their rights,
but the lying statements as given by
many of the papers should be aban
doned. There has been too much of
this, and those who persist should be
taught that license is not liberty, nor
does justice sanction the privilege to
HUCA-Y 29, 1886.
STRIKE AND BOYCOTT.
ARE THEY BIG ENOUGH?
Lecture of Maxwell Stevensog, Esq.,
before the Knights of Labor of Phila
Maxwell Stevenson, Esq., lectured
in the Academy of Music on Saturday
evening on " Strike and Boycott—Are
They Big Enough?" IKs lecture was
given in aid of the building fund of
District Assembly No. 1, Knights of
Labor. He was introduced by
A. Wright, member of the
Board of the District AssembiyWfßß
h said : You all, probably, know c
thing of the strikes and boycotts J^iai
: have taken place, but few of you kuowT
I how many have been prevented. Onr
organization does not encourage eitrler !
except in extreme cases. We only ask
every man to pay for what he gets, arid
a manufacturer is only a man. Of what
use are the inventions of the nineteenth
century if they do not take some por
tion of the burdens heaped upon the
; shoulders of the laboring man away
and add some comforts to his hon* a*
We all know how that big brained, t g
hearted man at the head of our orgs li
zation, T. V. Powderly, has been ov jr
tasked in settling labor troubles. I is
trict Assembly No. 1 has never gb en
him one to adjust.
Mr. Stevenson in his lecture rapidly
sketched the history of workmen ofid
; their unions, their efforts and failures.
He showed that workmen sought refuge
;in guilds or unions from the earliest
times, but that these guilds, often dis
playing great social and political pow
er, were not big enough in thought,
purpose and design to master a per
manent place in the social and political
fabric. He stated that next to intelli
gence on labor subjects the workman
wants security for labor earnings, and
that wise legislation could well as
sist labor by tbe erection of public
works that are imperatively demanded.
" So much for legislation," he contin
ued, " but legislation is not enough;
the strike is not enough. Something
broader and more enduring than either
offers a solution ; legislation is the ex
pedient of a day. Legislation no longer
recognizes master and servant as legal
terms when applied to labor capi '
tal. It is
it will be partners in trade—one ind=
i*g the money, the other the labor.
" Soon must come and will come la
bor exchanges, where will be discussed,
regulated and adjnsttd all questions
regarding work, wages, profits, griev
ances, disputes, capital represented by
its delegates, labor by its delegates,
1 each recognizing the other as an equal
and a friend.
" This is no fanciful sketch, no vision
! ary project. In many places, by many
: men, conciliation has been adojited and
the strike banished. We can present
; but one of this large body of big
hearted men who love justice and fear
' God. We offer him in evidence be
< cause he is a living example (in our
1 very midst) to disprove the arguments
advanced to prove the inability of capi
-1 tal to deal generously and fairly by la
" In 1866 this man bought a journal
I almost bankrupted. The principles of
I modern political economy would have
suggested a vigorous scaling of all
wages and an increase in rates for ad
vertising ' equal to all that the traffic
II would bear.' This journalist and pub
-1 lisher inaugurated a different system.
- He paid the highest wages and charged
1 the fairest rates. He pays five cents
3 per thousand ems more than is called
f i for by the scale of the Typographical
• Union No. 2. What does that amount
- to ? Take last week's work in the com
• posing-room. There was a total of
- 2,340,110 ems set up. The cost of that
i amount at the union rates would be
I ! §!)36; by the rates paid by the proprie
- ' tor the sum is §1,053, or §117 more
• than he needs to pay according to the
? i union rules This is an average l»f
N"»fc2.Bs per week additional paid to eacj
► compositor. The men say that a regu
■ lar compositor on this paper will re
■■ ceive in a year §150 more than the
f scale of prices calls for, and this ha?
'- been done since 1877, a period of nine
! - i years, and in that time it is safe to say
>- that be has paid to his compositors
■ §•")."),( 100 more than the highest rate of
c composition paid by the proprietor of
c publisher of any other newspaper in
c Philadelphia. When men are inca
fl pacitated for work through old age oi
o infirmity they are pensioned off, and
n for the remainder of their lives they
c are comfortably provided for. Wher.
a an employee dies his funeral expenses
i are paid by the same generous hand
1, which deeded a burial lot to the com
tt positors in Woodland Cemetery.
n 'Everybody gets a midsummer va
a cation, and, in addition to the two
-■ weeks' advance in salaiy, receives an
d honorarium that pays his hotel bill
s, either at the country or at the seaside,
y It is nothing new for him to send a mar
i- whose system is rurr down by illness
>f or other causes for a trip to Europe, tc
c pay all of his expenses and to see that
)r in his absence his family does not suffer
so for his salary is paid to them as faith
i fully and regularly as if their ' bread
winner' were really at work. Indeed,
in one case of a faithful employee this
trip was repeated again and again in
hope of benefit to his shattered consti
tution. There is no partiality or ex
ception in the distribution of these
evidences of i large heart. What is
known in the o.'lice of this great publi
cation as the ' pension list' foots up
yearly thousands of dollars, all of it
weekly paid away to old and faithful
employees retired froiu, the active 'Mir
suits of life, enjoying theXconifor- a of
an honored old age. ! J
'• Every man is treated by nMam-
a gentleman; his posßjA
t depend Jipup,. the
F any editor or head of depart-
I ment: no discharges are made except
for cause, and it is safe to say that the
man who is discharged from this estab
lishment for cause must have commit
ted a grave fault. Justice is always
tempered with mercy. What is the re
sult? Strike? Boycott? In all of the
twenty years of ownership, indeed in
all of his active business career, this
manly man has had no controversy
with or complaint from the employees,
and when his compositors, some years
ago, anticipating a reduction in the
scale in the principal offices of the city,
voluntarily offered to reduce their rates,
the employer answered: ' Why should
you do this, or why should I allow you
to do it ? I receive the same price for
my paper. It costs me no more to
make it. I receive the same rates for
advertising. I will not permit you to
reduce your scale. It would be unfair
to you to do so.' This man is beloved
by all of his men, and they try by strict
attention to duty, by loyalty and all
that that implies, to return hioa.in a
slight measure what he is continually
doing for them. Is it necessary to
name George W. Childs, who has more
effectually shown by deeds how to
solve the great social and industrial
problem than all the words and plans
spoken of or devised inside and outside
of Congress since the opening of the
session. His plan, his conduct is big
ger than the strike and boycott; it
vanquishes them. It is the rendition
of justice and right from man to man.
So plain and simple is it that the way
faring man, though a fool, may not err
I The speaker concluded his remarks
" And every workman knows that to
trades unions and Knights of Labor is
due whatever manhood he to day pos
sesses and whatever advancement he
has made. He may well exclaim, in
the words of a great Englishman:
' Walking in the path of justice, we
cannot err. Guided by that light we
are safe. Every step we take upon our
read brings us nearer to the goal, and
every obstacle, though it seem for the
moment un surmountable, can only for
i a little while retard and never can de
j feat the final triumph.' "
Mr. Wright said, after the lecture,
j tkit over 4,000 tickets had been sold
! and that over §2,000 had been netted
to the Assembly by tbe lecture.—Pub
Great Slaughter Sale of large lot oi
Men's, Women's, Misses' and Children's
Sample Shoes, just received from Bos
ton, at Kaufman's Boston Shoe Bazaar
153!) Main street.
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, 5c
Made by Knights of Labor.
(Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, 5e
lade by Knights of Labor.
Richmond, Va., May 26, 188 G.
tutor of The Labor Herald:
Some few weeks ago the brown-ston<
fronts and mansard roofs held various
meetings in the city, in which they re
solved not to pay taxes in coupons
Well, mansard-roofs and brown-stent
fronts are the only ones who ever usee
coupons. The working man pays hare
dollars, and we have nominated a ticket
Ac. We can say without fear of sue
l, cessful contradiction that there is no
man on the ticket who ever pai<LJ|
1' dollar, ever owned a coupon or evei
saw a coupon. But, lo and behold! ii
; Madison Ward the mansard-roofs anc
brown- stone fronts, who are the wealth]
j non producers, head their ticket foi
\ \ Common Council with that estimabh
gentleman, Mr. George Bryan, attor
,; ney at law, coupon lawyer of the firn
of Sands k Bryan. Well, ain't this
consistency! Does it show that yor
are in earnest or only fooling the work
ingman '. A word to the wise is suffi
I cient. Non-Couponist.
Smoke " Labor Herald " Cigars, 5c
Made by Knights of Labor.
1 When capital exacts too much fo:
- use and risk, labor is starved, crushed
I and pauperized. When labor demand
■ j too high wages, capital is eaten up ant
M financial ruin the result. Injustice oi
i the part of either injures the other
1 Capital will only invest on an almos
. certainty of increase, while labor b
i live must do the best it can. Thi
s difference may not be pleasant but i
jj exists nevertheless, and cannot be ig
V nored. Impartial justice will benefi
■, and bless both. Force, fraud, ant
- violence will injure most the part;
which has recourse to these methods
THE GREAT CONFLICT.
Imported Darkness Must be Combated I
by Christian Light.
In the May number of the Home
Missionary is an article from the pen '
of Rev. C. R. Palmer, of Bridgeport, j 1
Conn., in which a vivid picture is drawn '
of the work before the Christian peo- '
pie of this country within their own '
borders. He says:
iikr population is increasing at the '
ratcfcf a million and a half a year, and : '
:of fcls increase one half is by immigra-! '
tion I Our cities are becoming aggn^gj
igaf.msof.-nasßeß>!i"ii are Cci-yea^^M
American. Of the population's?
Boston seventy per cent, are of foreign
| birth, or the children of foreign bom '
I parents; of the population of Naw j
I York, eighty per cent.; of the popala
' tion of Chicago, ninety per cent. When
jwe add the fact that, while some of
I these former born elements are an ad
mirable contribution to the national
1 life, others—and these the more im- j
portant numerically considered—are,:
from every point of view, an infusion of
what is to be deprecated and dreaded.
It will be seen that these figures are :
very ominous. Think of the fact that
seventy per cent, of foreign criminals,
when released from prison, come |
hither for a new field of operations !
] And, thanks to the recklessness of our I
politicians, they vote when they get i
here; their voices become influential in j
our municipal councils and the choice
of our magistrates! Let me call your
attention to the rapid increase of the
immigrant population as a whole. We \
have upward of three millions of Ger
mans in this country. Of these, 27 i
per cent, have come hither in five ',
years. We have a million of Scandi- j
navians, and of these more than 52 per
cent, have come in five years. We
have 86,000 of Russians, and of these
nearly 04 per cent, have come in five !
yearr. We have nearly 00,000 Hunga
rians, of these 91 per cent have come
ia five years.
Recognize, friends, what an invasion
by European peoples these figures in
dicate ! What hordes of aliens are
coming, and in what a mighty and in- j
creasing march they come ! And as to
: the bulk of them, it has been truly said
by Dr. Clark: 'They are strangers to !
our institutions, and slow to appreciate
; them-. Ignorant of the traditions and j
| germ ideas of the republic, they bring ■
with them the worst vices of the old |
world, and an ignorance inbred and |
made dense by generations of intellect
ual sloth. They bring with them, not j
only no religion, or a false, but more j
and more the plague of middle Europe j
—a rampant Atheism, that lays it mur
; derous ax at the root of the family, the'
school, the church, and the State.'
They bring with them lawless and de
structive impulses; they come, com
[ munists, anarchists, nihilists, escaping
from repression abroad, to seek full
; scope for their pestilent notions here.
To read the newspapers circulating
among these elements of our popula
tion, in their own tongues, is to find
ample reason for the gravest apprehen
, sions of peril to every interest that is
dear to us, unless these ever increasing
masses are in some way reached with
, kindly influences, tending to their en
lightenment, their moral transforma
tion and their assimilation with the
better elments of our American life
American Christianity must save them,
or they will overmaster and destroy the
best results it has yet effected on this
continent. The conflict of light and
darkness, good and evil, love and hate,
is inevitable and irrepressible; and the
darkness, the evil, and the hate are
gathering strength.— Ex.
[ THE NEwTITY HALL.
'- ; Editor of The Labor Herald :
It has been reported that the charter
of the city prevents the City Hall being
' built by day labor. This is a mistake, as
information received from the highest
_city officials will verify. Nothing pre
"vents the erection oftte CitfH&il by Ay
labor except the City Council and
Board of Aldermen who seem deter
mined, at all hazards, to fasten the
contract system on us. A two-thirds
vote of both branches of the Council
and Board of Aldermen to repeal the
ordinance putting this work out to con
tract will have the desired effect and no
man should receive the votes of the
workingmen who is unwilling to pledge
himself that he will carry out this prin
ciple for which we are contending, and
all old Councilmen and Aldermen en
dorsed by the workingmen should con
sider it to be their sacred duty to move
in this matter at the first meeting of
r either branch.
, Messrs. Waite and Cutter are now the
3 architects on work that the City Engi
-1 ne«r ought to have the supervision of.
i They ha>ve already been paid §8,000,
. are promised §2,000 more when the
t building reaches the second story and
51 §5.000 when it is finished—§ls,ooo in
s all. Their revised plaps were received
t with the understanding that they were
- to furnish a responsible bidder for
t §330,000. The plans were accepted
1 and they were placed in charge
y of the work, but the bidder furnished,
i. ' estimates his work to be worth over
§365,000. We do not wish to intimate t
that there is anything wrong here, but s
merely suggest that there is a beauti- I
ful little margin of §50,000 here to j
work on, as Messrs. Waite k Cutter
have already been paid §700 for their t
plans. Now add at least 10 per cent. I
always allowed to contractors and you 1
have over §30,000 more, which will 1
make a clear loss to the city of over t
§80,000. Or, in other words, the City 1
Hall will cost over §365.000, but the i
city will get little the rise of a §200,
--iiiMl building for this amount. i
.-£ this <
would make a grand i
move in t'us direction just before the i
election, by which they would hope to i
ride into place and power. Now, the
names of the responsible bidders can
not be ascertained, but tbey are par
ties up North. Neither could we ascer
tain if they work scab labor or convict
labor, or what kind of material they
proposed building the City Hall with,
or whether there would certainly be a
deduction in favor of those who paid
union prices for work and paid money,
or non-union prices, dealt out by store
accounts, for cutting sandstone instead
of granite. Certainly there should be
a reasonable deduction in favor of those t
who furnish granite and pay union
wages. It was thought this would be
the case, but nothing definite could be
learned. Now, workingmen, cast your
votes to keep this appropriation here,
and have the whole of this amount
(§365,000) spent for Virginia labor and
Virginia granite. By day labor the
§80,000 perquisites can be saved and
spent for honest labor. If the men '
! you have selected for Board of Alder
men and Common Council won't stand
by you, secure others at once. You
need the work. Demand it with no
Both political parties during the last
canvass inserted a labor plank in their
platform. By your votes the candi
dates of the Democratic party were
elected. But that party positively ig
nored their promises, and refused
through their Legislature to enact a
single law guaranteed in that plank.
Among them was a provision to abolish
contract labor on State and municipal
work. The City Central Committee,
as an integral part of the Democratic
partajjaave stated that tbey arc nn
wilfmg to verify the promises made by
i their own party to you, and the present
i City Council and Board of Alder
' men, that is overwhelmingly Demo-
I cratic, demonstrates its secession from ;
Democracy by fastening the contract
system on this work in expressed anta
gonism to your principles, your impor
tunities and your petition sent months
ago, that they have been treated with
silence and contempt, and because the
Democratic party refuses to do us jus
tice in this matter and we are perforce
of circumstances, compelled to act in
dependently of some of those calling ;
themselves Democrats in order to carry
out the principles enunciated by the
• Democratic party, all kinds of uncompli
mentary epithets are hurled at us. But
■ be not dismayed, our principles will be
. triumphant and we will teach this and
all other parties that they cannot make
promises before an electian that they
refuse to carry out afterwards, and if
I they will be false to those guarantees
made in their labor plank we will not.
Business men of Richmond, are you
I prepared to see between three and four
.! hundred thousand dollars carried away
[ from your city to be spent elsewhere
in the present depression of trade—your
taxes to enrich some other community?
, Or are you anxious to have this money
spent at home to be returned to you to
build up your trade and beautify your
city ? If so, then go with us and we
will do you good.
: The primary laws which govern pro
i duction, distribution and consumption,
; when divorced from the arbitrary rules
of Kvarice, usury, greed, ambition,
' roisbery~ are
as simple as a, b, c, and as fixed and
certain as the laws of gravitation or
the four simple rules of arithmetic.
Land is the source from which all
wealth is abtained, as well as the only
means of human existence.
Labor extracts all wealth from land,
1 and without land labor could neither
produce wealth nor exist.
i! W 7 ealth is the surplus product of
labor after labor has secured the nee
. essary food, shelter and clothing in its
Everything that man adds to land
i for his comfort and convenience is
f wealth, but the land itself riot being a
product of labor is not wealth,
s Every child inherits by its birth a
right to life, and the right of the child
. of the humblest toiler is exactly equal
, to the right of the child of the proud
> est millionaire.
[ The right to life carries with it an
i absolute and indefeasible right to land,
1 the only means to human of existence,
s In return for the free access to the
• means of existence and protection of
I life, limb and property, every citizen
; must contribute to the maintainance
, ! and support of the government.
:' He is in duty bound to pay the gov-
PRICE 5 CENTS
be permitted to tax a citizen for an op
portunity to exist
The power to hold land beyond what
one needs, and dictate the terms npon
which others can use it, carries with it
the power to reduce all who must rent
land, to poverty and serfdom, and
there is not an instance on record of
this power ever being used in any other
manner by individuals.
Capital is wealth employed by labor
in production and distribution, but
Warn fiagjged by the
I decline :n the same proportion.
Tages is the share received by the
c laborer of all the wealth his labor
Then wages are lowj the capacity of
wage worker to consume is cur
;d; production also falls off, the ar
of the unemployed swells and the
its of the manufacturer decline,
peculation, gambling in stocks,
tipulating finances, and monopoli
f land and imposing a toll upon all
i use it, neither induce wealth nor
in the production, but, on the com
y prevent production and distribu
i by disturbing the markets and im
posing on the producers a tax for the
use of the natural agencies, which,
they cannot pay.
In seasons of depression, monopoly
only prospers. The business pubhc
cannot feel its obligations, mortgages
are tortclosed, the land, the source
from which all must live, and the hum
ble home of the toiler, with it passes
under the sheriff's hammer into the
jaw of the monster, Monopoly, whose
fangs sink deeper and* deeper into the
vitals of the toiling masses.
Tbe above propositions suggest a
wide field for research, information and
discussion. There is or can be but one
remedy. The world's toilers must have
free access to the natural agencies from
which all must live. Abolish monop
oly of land, and all other monopolies
will be easily controlled. Less than
one-tenth of the people tax the nine
tenths down to the verge of starvation
for the mere privilege of using the
natural agency—land. The nine
tenths can stop the robbery. The
puw*r to do it is theirs. In order to
utilize thtir power they must organize,
pool their issues and secure their con
stitutional rights. We, therefore, say
organize, educate and enjoy the fruits
of your own labor.— Laborer.
Consumers will find Good Luck
Soap suitable for any kind of washing,
economical in use, active in its work.
Satisfaction guaranteed to every pur
Someiftimes it happens that a reso
lution is carried in a labor organization
by an almost unanimous vote and the
result received with the wildest enthu
siasm; there is a rattling of heels, and
everything is lovely for the time being.
The question may have been one of
higher wages or shorter hours for a
day's work. The matter had been
thoroughly discussed and now the re
solve is, we'll say, that eight hours
shall constitute the working day of the
members of this organization. It is
an easy thing to vote aye on any
measure of the kind. So it is to stoop
down and pick up nothing. And here
we are reminded of the traveler who,
putting up at an inn, summed up his
score upon the eve of departure accord
ing to his own imperfect account
which he had trusted simply to his
memory to keep. But when he came
to settle with the innkeeper he discov
ered that his reckoning and that of
his host did't agree. In our labor or
ganizations are to be found a goodly
number of men who are given to reck
oning in the same way—altogether
**mk We have seen this
the action of a number of carpenters
who, having declared in the meeting
room for eight hours, stood out but
for eight hours, stood out but for a day
or two, and then cowardly sent in their
resignation to the organization which
they had encouraged in declaring for
an eight-hour day. Tnese renegades
will say perhaps in extenuation for
their act of desertion that they could
not afford to lose time and see their
families suffer. They should have
taken such considerations to mind be
fore they rattled their heels on the
floor of the meeting room in response
to the labor orator's declaiming, who
told his hearers that they should go
for the "whole hog or nothing." But
it might be asked, what will these
renegades do when a time comes, as it
surely will, when they will receive the
grand bounce from their present em
ployers and they find themselves on
the streets in enforced idleness ? What
about lost time then? Will the bosses
contribute toward the support of
themselves or families ? Plethoric cap
italistic philanthrophy may dole out
charity in the way of supplying public
soup houses, where the pauper work
man and his progeny may partake of
such bounty,— Free I'ress.