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Written for the Winchester Appeal.
LETTERS FROM AN OLD TURKEY
Fit an klin County, June '21.
Dear Friend: As you are, doubt
loss, anxiously expecting to hear from
mc again, I will no longer hold you iit
suspense. Busy! busyl iiusv ! have 1
been, so much so that I have scarcely
taken time even to bunt a little before
the rosy blushes ol' morn, for then is
my best time for work ; or after the
sun has shed his last lingering- rays
over ths Western hills, tor at that
time my limbs arc weary from t lie
excessive struggles of ths day with
the clods, the bushes, the weeds, the
grass and worms, all combined to
gether in trying to defeat mc in mak
ing bread for the promising crop ol j
boys I am raising up for the defence
of my country against wolves, pan
thers, hyenas, wild cats, abolitionists,
and every description of Northern can
nibals and Negro-worshipping Goths
that infest the halls of Congress, and
plot the destruction of Southern Con
stitutional rights. Now I Know not
that all my boys will distinguish them
selves for their prowess in capturing
and destroying tho hideous monsters
of the forcst,-or exhibit to the world
any remarkable gallantry in the field,
any superior acumen in the Cabinet,
or more than ordinary wisdom in the
councils of the Nation, but my old
woman, or ( to be more poetical ) my
better-half, said to me only a few min
utes ago : "I tell you old man, if they
make sich men as 1. S. Brooks, of
South Carolina, who I was just read
ing of, they'll do to hitch any whar
in your forest, your field, your legisla
tor, your council, your cabin, any whar,
they'll do to tie to. " Being a little
beforehand with my corn and vegeta
bles about now, and everything look
ing pretty well about us since the rain,
my good wife is in an exceedingly good
humor, and tells me I can take about
an hour these hot long days, after my
dinner is over, to write, if I wish it,
that is, while my crop is out of the
grass. But I am not a hen-pecked
husband because she tells me I may
rest sometimes, and do or do not do
this, that, or the other thing, and gives
. me a good lecture occasionally, far
from it. I have never known her to
do worse than to give me a kiss, and
tell me I had as well get my mule and
go to plowing. Indeed, she is almost
in ccstacies since reading how the ab
olition Senator was complimented by
the intrepid Brooks, of South Carolina.
By her permission I have time to write
this letter before I stop, and she wishes
me to relate to yoa my first great ex-
P'uh ai aeer minting.
Well, I was iu company with several
families who were on their way to
Texas. We stopped on the banks of
tho Mississippi river, in Arkansas, to
rust a day or two, and take some of
the wild game, of which an abundance
was there. It was about M years ago,
early in the month of December, when
four of us started iu pursuit of game.
Wo had not proceeded more than a
mile- before wc seperatcd iu different
directions. Soon, in a small cane-
brake, I discovered a largo buck about
tho size of an average mule. In a
moment I saw him making slowly
towards me, and no sooner did I see
his huge head of horns coming than I
sprang behind a largo tree close by,
completely horrified at the sight, and
for a short space felt confident all
Arkansas was full of deer horns, for at
that moment I could see nothing else
in every direction. By the time I had
recovered myself a little he was with
in two or three rods of me, rather go
ing from mo by this time. My trepi
dation was gone in a moment, and 1
felt as invincible as Hercules when
soated on Mount Olympus as the ter
ror of the lions, serpents, &c, of the
surrounding country, and in next to no
time I pulled trigger, and in pitching
along in a singular manner sixty or
seventy yards he suddenly hailed, and,
with head down, gave good signs of
deep penifeney; then moving off a
little from that spot he bid adieu to
this world. My companions came up
about the time ho expired, and, so anx
ious were they to share my honor that
one of them - shot him after he had
actually givqn up the ghost.
To form a correct idea of my feel
ings after so bold a display of valor 1
must refer you to the laconic language
of Julius Ctesar, just after a signal
victory, to the. rapidity of which he
alluded, iu writing to a friend in Home,
in three words, uVcni, Yidi, Yici."
I had killed by far the liue.st and
largest buck I had ever seen, or that
had ever been seen iu all Arkansas.
He was as much as all four of us could
manage m taking him to camp. inc.
next thing after he was divested of his
skin, dressed and quartered up, was to
divide him out according to long es
tablished and scientific principles, es
tablished, so far as I know, in the days
of the mighty Nimrod.
On this occasion I learned a lesson
that has been of great advantage to
me through life. It was this: the
quarters or hams were laid along by
the side of each other, and the one
who killed the venison (myself in that
instance) had to stand off two or three
rods from the meat with his back to it,
while one of the others numbered the
pieces and asked the question, ''Whose
piece is number one? Whose piece is
number Iwo't " and so on, while I had
to answer by giving the name of the
owner for each piece or share, thus
giving each sharer an equal and fair
chance, The hide had to fall to the
Such was my first great achieve
ment in the forest and such my first
acquirements of, or rather introduc
tion to, the laws and science of dis
tributing the spoils of the hunter. Iu
passing through Arkansas several oth
er fine bucks fell before my unerring
aim, a score or two of wild cats, and
of turkeys not a few. Much elevated
at my great success, I looked with
pride to the time when I should be
called the 2d Crockett of the West,
and like him my voice be heard in the
classic halls of the American Con
gress. But I've never seen Washing
ton city yet, and my name is still un
known to fame.
Things are queerly connected. A
late collector of statistics says "If all
our old maids should marry, the man
ufacturers of single bedsteads would
be utterly ruined." We don't believe
it couldn't they change these into
WINCHESTER, TENN-, SATURDAY, JUNE 28, 185(i.
Letter from Col. Benton.
Col. Thomas II. Benton has written
the following reply to an official no
tice that ho had been nominated for
Governor of Missouri:
Gi:.vtli:.mkn: I have received your
letter on tho subject of the nomina
tions mado by the Democratic Con
vention at Jefferson City; and am
greatly pleased with tho whole of
them, except; tho one which relates to
myself. That takes mc by surprise,
and must remain under consideration
until I return which will be soon, as
I am nearly through the occupation
which has detained me here. In the
mean time, if any other person was
thought of for the Governor's nomina
tion, in the event of my inability to ac
cept it, I would wish him to be brought
forward at once, without awaiting
any further answer from me.
It is my intention to speak on the.
state of public affairs when I get to! pose it. With all these authorities
Missouri, but not in the way of a can- and evidences in favor of the old doc
vass, nor as a candidate for any office, trine, and against the new test and its
but to do my part as a citizen, in try
i :g to preserve the peace and harmo
ny of the Union, and to keep agitation
and sectionalism out of our borders
two evils no lv beseling the wholo Uni
ted States, and our own State above
I consider a Slavery agitation, (and
its natural offspring, sectional antago
nism) thevgreatcst curse, both social
ly and politically, which could befal
our Union; and that curse is now up
on us, and brought upon us designed
ly and for the worst of purposes. Tho
Missouri Compromise line, the work
oi painci ic men, uaci sioou above urn-- j Ult(.( m ;(s na(.(1) c;m-ying with it the
ty years, and there was not one among j Constitution, with its'ovcrriding cou
those contriving its repeal who was lrul oi'a!i t!il. J;nv s .Uu jliSl;u;ions 0f
not upon the record, (in votes or speech-1 Mexico, iiieoi.-N-' m y.-it!i it." Mi.
us Nippon, up to tne nine oi
Us abrogation: ami Mr. Calhoun lnru-
.self, as la to 18 IS only two years be
fore his death, and after ho had
breached tho doctrine of no power in
Coni' res:; to ienislutt! udoii Slaverv i:t
'IVpi-iinrifs! rmri(!inrril llm iilr.'i nf !
. j o "l - -- -- -- - )
peal, and declared that tho UdlempC j
to do so would "disturb the peace and
harmony of the Union." It has been at-!
, 4 ... i l ...i: .l. l ..,,,t l.
ri i I 11 i.lC!i:WilI lyUMlUll. 11 iu iul .
- 1 1 . !..
niVI ! ! I 1 1 l I I I . I I I I I I 1 1 1 V III I. I " I . II II II I .
have been destroyed. i of u child. I love the star-like mead
Out of the repeal of this Coinpro-! ows where the butter-cups grow, with
mkc has sprung forth a new test of, almost the same enthusiasm as when,
Democracy, which consists in exact- vviih my ringlets Hying loose iu the
big party allegiance to the principles wind, and my cap in hand, years ago,
of the Kansas Nebraska bill. The ; I chased the painted butterfly. 1 love
first inquiry upon the virtue of this ' yon aged dame. Look at her. Her
new Ust is, to find out what those fact; is care-worn, but it has ever held
principles are? and the result is dia- ' a smile, for me. Often have I shared
metrically opposite, as it comes from ' the bitter ci.p of sorrow with her
one side or the other of the Potomac ! and so shared, its-emed almost sweet.
Kiver. From the- ?Corlh the answer,
is Squatter Sovereignty! as being the ,
inherent right of the people of the Ter-'.
ritory to decide the question of Slave
ry for themselves, and to have it or '
not, jut as they please. In tho South j
that definition is held lobe rank dem-
oirogucry, and that the people of the
Territory, no more than Congress, ;
have not a particle of power on the
subject, that the Constitution carries
Slavery with it into every Territory,
nssoon as acuuired. overridin? and
controlling all laws against it, and
keeping irthcreiu defiance ofthepco-!
pic, or of Congress, until the Territory
becomes a State, and excludes it. ' i
Thus the advocates of the lest are as
opposite as light and darkness iu tell-
ing what it'is, and ought toagree upon,
if. before thrw rcuuire others to believe 1
in it. It is impossible to believe both;
v J 4
and I believe in neither. 1 believe in ;
the old doctrine, that tho territories
are the property of the United States,
under the guardianship of Congress,
and subject to such laws as Congress
chooses to provide for them, (or, to
permit them to make for themselves,)
until they become States; and after
that, (the children arrived at 21 years
of age) they are out of gardiauship,
and have all rights of their fathers.
That is my belief, ami has been the
belief of the United Slates until lately.
and especially the belief of those who
now deny it, and who are upon tho
record (and that often and recent)
against their own denial. Witness
(to go further back) tho bill for the
admission of Texas in 1815, on which
all who voted for that admission, vo
ted for the re-establisbmcnt of tho
Missouri Compromise line in that
part of it south of the Arkansas llivcr
where it had been abrogated by the
laws and Constitution of Texas. Wit
ness also tho debates and speeches on
the Oregon bill in 18 IS also the at
tempts to extend the Compromise line
to the Pacific in 1850 -also tho votes
of some of these advocates iu favor ol
tho Wilmot Proviso; and above all,
tho protest of the ten Senators against
the admission of the State of Califor
nia in 1850, because Congress would
not legislate upon the subject of shive
ry in the territory which was to com
authors, I 'think the old democracy
may be allowed to dispute its binding
force at all events until its advocates
can agree iu telling what it is.
THOMAS II. bi':nton.
"Biil I deny that ihe laws of Mex
ico can have the effect attributed to
them, (that of keeping Slavery out of
New Mexico, California and Utah.)
As soon as the treaty between the two
countries is ratified, the sovereignly
and authority of Mexico, iu the terri
tory .acquired by it, become extinct,
and that of the United States is substi-
Calhoun's Oreron Speech, I N IS.
A 7-over Still.
4N longer a
th! you mistake
has blotted out
heart. 1 ilOUll SllYCT liail'S tail JY
a brow ail wrinkled, and a cheek all
furrowed, yet I am a lover s.tilj. 1
love the beauty of the maiden's blush,
llic Kf i )'l linl of lidu-ci-s. llin sliif-i'i'" nf
v"v' - ' ' ...... n .
l - i i t it.i -i I i
I.i'-! U ll'li .'IK 'I' !l I 'I' si vnf !
- '. .... . . .. ..
icknoss have stolen the
freshness of her life, but, like tho fad-
cd rose, the perfume of her love is
richer than when in the lull bloom ol
youth and beauty,
"Together we have placed buds in
the pale, folded hands of the dead; to-
gether wept over
lhrough storm and sunshine we have
clung together; and now she sits with
her knitting, her cap quaintly frilled,
'he old style kerchief crossed white j
and prim above the heart that has
beat so long and truly for me. the dim
blue eye that shrinUugly fronts the
glad day; (ho .sunlight throwing her
a parting farewell, kisses her brow,
l-'aves upon its tracery of wi inkles
angelic; I see, though no one else can,
the bright, glad young fie that won
me first, shine through those withered
features, and the growing love of forty
years thrill my heart till tho tears
'Say not again I can no longer be
"Though this form bo bowed, Cod
has implanted eternal love within.
Let the car be deaf, the eye blind, the
hands palsied, the limbs withered, the
brain clouded, yet tho heart, the true
heart, may hold such wealth of love,
that all the power ol death and the
victorious grave shall not be able to
put oTgt its qucnchlcvs flame.
WREATH THE BOWL.
BY THOMAS Moorti:.
Wieath dm bowl
With floweis of kuuI,
The brightest Wit can fiul us;
We'll take a flight
Tow'ids heaven to-nMit,
And leave dull earth behind us.
Should love amid
Tho wreaths be bid,
'Jhat Joy th' enchanter biinjs us,
No danger fear.
While wine Is near,
We'll drown him if ho Miii;;S us.
Then wicatli tho bowl
With flowers of soul,
The brightest Wit can lii.d u$f
We'll tako a flight
Towards heaven to night,
And leave dull caro behind us.
'Twas nectar fed
Of old, 'tis said,
Their Juuos, Joves, Apullosj
Ami man may brew
Ilis nectar too,
The rich receipt's as foTows:
Take wine like thi;,
J.cl looks of bliss
Around it well ho blended)
Then brin? Wit's beam
To warm the stream,
And there's your nectar, splendid!.
So wreath the bowl
With flowers of soul,
The brightest Wit can nnd usj
Weil take a flight
Tow'rds heaven to r:i;ht,
And leave dull cure behind us.
Say, why did Tima
Ilis glass sublime
Fill up wilh sands unsightly,
When wine, he knew,
l.'uns brisker Unoii .h,
And sparkles far more biiji.t'i) !
O, lend it ns,
And, smiling thus,
The glass in two we'll sever,
Make pleasure glido
In double tide,
And (ill both ends forever;
'ihcii wrcatluthc bowl
Willi flowers of soul,
The brightest Wit can find us.
We'll take a llight
Tow'ids heaven to nil.t,
And leave dull care behind us.
Tnr. Ili:.vso nm ms Nomination.
'flic Louisville Courier, an anti-American
paper, says James Buchanan, ol
Pennsylvania, was nominated in the
Cincinnati Convention as the candi
date of the Freetiuil wing of the par
ty. During (he first fourteen ballot-
j iiigs ne nau scarcely any support tram
I the South, but thrcc-foiirlhs of the
votes iur hint were east by tho dele
gates .from those of the Northern
States which are most completely abo
litionized. lie was put forward in the
Convention as tho ackuou ledu
didate of the anti-Nebris
the preference of that purlieu of tl
i pan v iliac lias i.een mo- neeiuv iiiic-
tiircd wait r rccsoiiism.
readout of the party for their 1'.:
soil opinions, we
ro ia CinjianatiV
ing for his nomination,
his mo.it earnest and
..-- - - - -
Iscrk.w: of Wnwru in Ohio. In
tho year 1S51, before I he completion
of its railway system, the State of
Ohio had an iifrgregate amount of tax-
able property rated at -laDTiW I ),
aid iu the year 1350, after the coin
pletion of tho system, tho value of tin
same description of property is set
down at' 6Sn:),377,:?51, very nearly
double. Nothing can more forcibly
illustrate the wonderful effects of rail-
way improvements up n the prospm-
t v of a State. Ohio has entered more
largely than any other member of the
Confederacy upon the development of
hp system of railways. Xorlh Ami r-
A Dm:. Jones, jr., says that his
neighbor has a very nervous, eccen
tric dog, that displays a fondness for
midnight vocal exercises and desires
to know a remedy. For quieting the
nerves of a dog, we know nothing
equal to strychnine.
A man in Kentucky was so enor
mously big that when he died it took
two clergymen and a boy to preach bis
The editor of an Ohio paper pub
lishes the names of his subscribers
who pay up regular under the head of
" Legion of 1 lonor."
Mr. Unci, of Washington, w ho was
stabbed in an all ray at Cincinnati, is
recovering from the wound.
- Fourth nf July roircson Frid.iy
Discoveries cf the Last Half Cen
tury. There has been no period since the
commencement of the world in which
so many important discoveries, tend
ing to the benefit of mankind, were
made, as ia the last half century.
Some of the most wonderful results of
human intellect have been witnessed
iu the. last fifty years. Some of tho
grandest conceptions of genius have
been perfected. It is remarkable; how
tho mind of the world has run into
scientific investigation, and what a
chievements it has effected in that
short period !
Before the year 1800 there was not
a single steamboat in existence, and
the application of steam to machinery
was unknown. Fulton launched the
first steamboat in 1807: now there arc
000 steamboats traversing the wa
ters of America; and the time saved in
travel Is equal to 70 per cent. The
rivers of nearly every country in the
world are traversed by steamboats.
In 1S00 there was not a single rail
road in the world. In the United
States alone there arc now 8797 miles
of railroad, costing J23i',()00,000 to
build, and 23,000 miles of railroad ia
England and America. The locomo
tive will now travel in as many hours
a distance which, in 1S00, required as
many days to accomplish.
In 1SO0 it took weeks to convey in
telligence between Philadelphia and
Xew Orleans; now it can be accom
plished in minutes by the electric tel
egraph, which only had its beginning
Vullaism was discovered in March,
1S0C; the electro-magnet in 1621.
'ileelrot yping was discovered only a
a few years ago.
llocs printing press, cap.tole of
printing 10,000 copies an hour, is a
very recent discovery, but of most im
Gas-light was unknown in 1S00; law
every city and town of any prut c net j
arc lighted with it; and wo have the
announcement of a still greater dis
covery, by which light, heat, motive
lower may all be produced from wa
ter with scarcely any cost.
DagueiTO communicated to tho
world his beautiful invention in lir-at).
Gun-cotton and chloroform were dis
covered but a lew years ago.
Astronomy has added a number of
new plaiiets to the solar system.
Agricultural chemistry has enlarged
the domain of knowledge ia that im
portant, brunch of scientific research,
and mechanics have increased the pro
duction ami the means of accomplish
ing an amount of labor which far
transcends the ability of united man
ual ctfort.s to accomplish. The tri
umphs achieved in this last branch of
discovery and invention are enough to
mark the last half century as that
which has most contributed to aug
ment personal comforts, enlarge the
enjoyments, and add to the blessings
What will the net half century ac
complish? Wc may look for still great
er discoveries; for the intellect of man
is awake, exploring every mine of
knowledge, and searching for useful
information in every department of art
and industry. Philadelphia Ledger.
Gi:v. Ju'ksox and Dr.MocnACV. It is
now reduced to a certainly that the
so-callfd Democracy do not at present
consider that General Jackson was
sound upon great questions of na'ional
importance. He vetoed tho U. S.
Hank for fear that the foreigners would
obtain an undue ascendency over th
commercial and moneyed interests of
this country, and he is known to have
declared that it was time wc became
a little inori! Americanized, and was
a I. no for maintaining the integi i'v (f
the Federal Union at all hazards This
is not orthodox Democracy, and con
sequently the Sag Nicht papers and
leaders speak sparingly of his candor
and merits. One of them recently in
formed the World that numerous trans
act ions might be adduced which
would show that the old General w.tn
qtiiic foolidi siit' thrui.
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