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'" flM" '' N ""
To have t ho memory of Jolm Gr.mt,
who brought to Ma no a remarkablu
distinction a ha'' ren'tiry nf,o, tlio
fnrinniR of tl i 1 Kennobec coun
ties of tlio Pj.iQ 'hco Htato nro to hold
celebrations In th- Hvprnl towns of
tho countryHldo. (Jrnnt was ldokpil
upon as a hurmlo.-B crank wh n ho wan
allvo, famo coming jenrs after ho was
dead. Tho story goes that ho was tlio
son of an Irish soldier who d 'sorted
from tho II Itlih army during tho
Hovoliitlonnry war and marrltd a half
breed Inllan squaw, from whlrh union
many of tho Grunts In tho east aro
said to havo doRCond"d. Tho elder
Grant wns pnrt lumberman, part farm
er and moi e than half hunter, getting
n picratluus llv ng from many callings
nnd dying a week after ho rcct Ived no
tice that a pension had been granted
him for his servlc-s In tho war of 1812.
John Oraut, the son, Inherited morn
than 1.000 aces of land and a lot of
had habits from hh father.
lllTmtrd n New Apple.
John Grant's only claim to famo lies
In tho fact that ho Invented a now
brred of apples In tho days when ho
was given over to sin. Most now anil
doslrablo varieties of apples aro pro
duced by p'antlug tho seeds of tho
natural fruit, and b Meeting tho best
lesillt of many plnntlngs as tho tree
from which scions should bo cut.
Grant's method of begetting a now
f i ult was wholly different from any
thing that was then known, because
ho mny bo said to have whittled out
his applo treo with a pocket knife,
thereby performing a feat that even
Nature at her best had never attempt
ed. About 200 acres of Oram's farm
were In orchards, which yielded him
great quantities of elder, for which
there was a good market. He could
glow and harvest all tho sour fruit ho
cared to use but whon ho tried to raise
sweet apples, of which ho was very
fond, the sailors who went past tho
foot of his orchard on roasting
schooners, wnlked In by night nnd
stole every sw.et npple as fast as It
was fit to cat, often breaking down
the trees In their haste to secure as
many as possible.
Grant tried shot guns, stcrl traps,
bull dons and many kinds of profanity
without effect. Then, after enduring
many disappointments for five or six
AVUKU.U ur X
v A KING.
Within tho precincts of quaint old
Hardstown Is situated ono of tho old
est Catholic church buildings In Ken
tucky. It wna tho first cathedral west
of tho Allegheny mountains nnd Is a
magnificent structure and Is tho only
house of worship In America that
bo.it.ts a bell presented by loyalty. Tho
Interior In tho magnlflccnre of its ap
pointments is not excelled by any
church in tho south. It contains rare
palntlnFS by tho o'.d masters, ono alone
tho nltar pleco being valued at $100,
000. This magnificent work of art Ir
tho production of Antwerp artist. Van
tire. It doplcls tho crucifixion and Is
pronounced by connoisseurs to be tho
most splendid work of Its clnss In tho
world. It U 21 feet In hrlght nnd 12
feet In width, and was presented to
Father Flagct, tho first b shop of Ken
tucky, by Louis l'hlllppo, King of
Franco. Another rnre painting now
worth its weight In gold Is "Tho Mar
tyrdom of St. llatholomow," by Van
D I e. This picture is catalogued In
tl. list of the great art st'a pioduc
tlou and its presont location is also
noted. Tho numerous smaller paint
ings which the cliurch contains were
donations from tho King of Italy.
Hut the most Intel ostlng feature of
tho old church Is Its bell. Ins, too,
wns a gift from Louis Phl.lppe. When
that unfortunate monnich was driven
from his throne In France ho lied to
Hardstown and sought tho hospitality
of Bishop Fluget. whom he had known
in Europe. He was recoived with tho
utmost kindness, and thortly after his
arrival, through tho influence of tho
bishop, he wns enabled to form a class
In French, which ho taught in a llttlo
building which lb yet standing on St.
Joseph's Colloge grounds. Phlllppo
was a grateful king and never forgot
the many kindnesses rendered him by
the good bishop. When ho was re
stored to hU throne he prestn ed to the
church the painting above described,
togethor with the bell.
This ball was broken In 1887 and
was recast by Louisville bell founders.
The recasting was a comploto success,
nnd In order to retain for It Its his
toric surroundings tho same metal was
The old boll Is ono of the most mu
sical In America and when tho at
mosphere Is c'etir Its tones can bo dis
tinctly heaid (or 10 miles.
a Maine Farmer.
years, i.o sw.,ro a big oath that he
would build nn applo that should fool
tlio sailors and cnablo him to havo
roiio sweet fruit In his cellar for tho
Hliiinneil in tho I'.ill One.
Tho Indian blood In his Vlnrf hadJ
mndo Grant quick of observation and
enabled him to learn things about na
turo that nro concoalcd from most
men. He was led to bellove that If ho
could split tho scion from a sweet
tree and nnother scion from a sour
treo In halves, and placo tho halt of a i
sweet scion against tho half of a sour
scion and tnako them fit so exactly
that both sides wiild live If they
were inserted In a healthy stotk, ho
would produco a fiu.t that was sour
on one sldo and sweet on the other.
On trying tho experiment he found
that such a result was not possible
from tho t'rm'nal bud of tho twin
scion, but nil shoots further down tho
graft wou'd ylUiNswcct fruit on one
sldo nnd sour fru t on the othor.
Though tho terminal bud is hard to
mako live, Grant wns successful in
about ono trial out of ten, and when
his sour and swcot apples were found
growing In tho orchard, tho builder
of the fruit wis pronounced as ono
possessrd of Satan, nnd shunned by
the truly good as If lie had beon an
emissary from the pit.
When it was dono and his orchard
was grafted to sweet and sour apples
the sailors went to other orchards
for their fruit, giving Grant tlnio to
attend prnyer meeting, where ho bo
camo acquainted with a clergyman
who wrought his reform. Indeed,
Grant always declared that his conver
sion wns directly duo to his ability to
produce an apple that was proof
against tho sallori, because not only
did the absence of the thieves cnablo
him to go to the prayer meetings, but
It was a fact that a man who could not
swear had no business with an or
chard Infested with nocturnal thloves.
Italy I,atli In Crematories.
Although the Pope pronouncea
against cremation In 188S, Itnly now
has more crematories th.in any other
country, according to tho Flamme. the
German periodical devoted to this sub
ject. Church In Bardstown, Ky.,
Has QKts of 1
Louis Philippe of France. 2
Turned the Tables.
A lecturer was once decanting on
the superiority of nature over art.
when nn Irreverent listener In the au
dience fired that old question at him.
"How would you look, sir, without
your wig?" Young man," Instantly re
plied tho lecturer, pointing his finger
at him, "you have furnished mo an npt
illustration for my argument. My bald
ness can bo traced to iho artificial hab
its of our modorn civilization, while
the wig I am wearing" here ho raised
his volco till the windows shook "is
made of natural hair!" Tho audience
testified its appreciation of the point
by loud npplauso and the speaker was
not Interrupted again.
Salisbury as it Halnt.
It Is not generally known that i
stntuo of Lord Sal.sbury ub a Chi :t Ian
wairlor appears In one of the niches
of tho lr.torjstl g Mid beau I ul rerzdos
In tho chapol of All Souls' Col.ege, Ox
ford. About forty years ago the pre
mier was elected a follow of this col
lege, and about the same time an olab.
orato stone screen was erected In the
chapel attached to the Fellows' house.
The sculptor evidently preferred to
mako his own 8 tints Instead of accept
ing those canonized by the church, and
Lord Salisbury wns chosen to fill up
tho vacant gap, and is therefore Im
mortalized as a Christian warrior.
Vino Culture In Chile.
Vino culturo and the production oi
wines has in recent years become an
Important Industry in the republic of
Chile. Lying as It does between th-d
Andes ' mountains and the Pacific
ocean, and extending north and south
for a distance of 2,400 miles, Chile
possesses conditions of soil and cli
mate that are admirably adapted to
horticulture, and cspeclal'y to the cul
tivation of a variety of wine-producing
Ilecomes l'Uln nr.
If it was dimcult for Admiral
Schley to coal at sea as It Is fur tho
most of us to coal on land, his expla
nation should bo accepted. Omaha
The miracles that men demand
would almost always be catastrophes.
THE FEENCII FOREIGN
HUMAN DERELIOTS WHO FIQHT
A Famniu Cnrpa In Which are Many
DUtlnRiilihert Mm who Willi tu llury
Th 1'aat In War Oblivion.
Much has beon written from time to
time about tho French Foreign Legion,
that .stiango mysterious medley of
men, rccrultul from nearly every quar
ter of the earth, who belong to tho
French regiments on service In Alge
ria. The nrniles of all tho great pow
ers contain mon of many different na
tionalities and Interesting past, but tho
French Foreign Legion Is made up
almost entirely of theso nondescripts.
In this cosmopolitan corps are to bo
found rubbing shoulders together no
blemen and gentlemen who have lost
casto, disgraced officers broken down
bankers nnd notaries, artists and stu
dents who have failed In life, deserters
from various armies, escaped convicts,
thieves, pickpockets nnd men who have
managed to cheat tho guillotine or tho
Many Mm of Talent.
It Is ccrtnln that there aro numer
ous Teutons nnd especially Alsatians
In tho legion, but, then, many of tho
Austrlnns also put themselves down
as Germans, whllo Frenchmen who
desire, for reasons best known to
themselves, to remain utterly unknown
Inscribe themselves ns Belgians, Swiss
and sometimes as Italians. Among
the adventurers and castaways there
aro men who nro to bo hoard discuss
ing Kant, Leibnitz, and, In another
connection, Wagner In their barrack
rooms or along tho free shaded prin
cipal street of Sidl-bcl-Abbes. There
aro common legionaries who know Ave
or six languages, and who can quote
ancient and modern writers. Others
are marvelous musicians, actors, ac
countants. When they die in tho col
onies or in battle they are thrown Into
a hole and covered up, but there Is
generally a prayer said over the dead
comrado by somebody who "plays tho
priest" for the occasion.
In such a collection of men vlco Is
naturally rampant. Tho greatest vice
in the corps is love of drink. A le
gionary would laugh at the apostles of
temperance or teetotallsm. In Al
geria ten bottles of wine enn bo had
for a franc and ten glasses of abslntho
for fifty centimes. In theso circum
stances it is not surprising that a
course of Algeria Is detrimental not
only to the legionary, but also to the
ordlnnry French messman.
omrem nml Men Allien.
The officers of the French Legion
are In many respects like their mon.
Many of them are, of course, "rank
ers," and all are as brave as their
men. Their Isolated life makes them
studious, and they aro not nbovo tak
ing lessons from legionaries possess
ing moro erudition or technical knowl
edge than themselves. They hnve ap
pointed as ono of their lecturers a
corporal who had been a colonel of en
gineers In the Austrian army Al
though the legionaries do not read
many newspapers, echoes of far off
events reach them from time to time
and they occasionally call each other
by the names of men famous in tho
world beyond Sldl-el-Abbes. Thus a
German-Alsatian named Klrchner was
usually called the sirdar, in allusion
to the post formerly held in Egypt by
the present English commander in
chief In South Africa.
Distinguished 1'moM In Ilia I.eclnn.
Thoso mysterious mon of the legion
enter It one fine day and as soon as
they are clothod In uniform sedulously
endeavor to forget their pasts. They
never speak of themselves, and they
dlo as I hey lived In tho legion human
enigmas. Nothing can over bo known
about them or their antecedents. A few
hnve been identified or found out by
the oftlcors. One, for Instance, had
been a leading tenor In the opera
house of a great European capital. A
Prussian who was killed In Tonquln
was found to bo a genuine count and
the son of a high military official. In
1897 one Albrecht Frledrlch Joined the
Second Battalion of the legion. He
was about 25, of distinguished man
ners, reserved and silent about his
past. Ho died at Fort Oeryvllle, Al
geria, and throe days afterward a par
y of German official persons came for
Ala body, which they took away with
them on board their Bperlal steamer,
bound for Hamburg. According to the
authorities, the dead legionary was a
cousin of Emperor William of Ger
many. l'erfectlj He jest.
Employer And how long were you
in your last place, my good man?
Jeames (just out of Portland) Ten
years, sir, and I never had a single
A Kay of Hope.
A rumor that Mrs. Nation is about
to attempt to cross Niagara Fall in a
barrel Imparts a ray of hope to. all.
The cost of painting the Tower
Bridge, London, U 5,00.
SINKING SHIPS' BOILERS.
English Authorities Hay the Hhlpa T.i'
ploite, Kut lha Hollers.
The reports of the sinking of the
gold-ladcn steamship Islander off tha
Pacific coast of North America re
cently, stated that, as the vessel wont
down, the boilers exploded. Exports
In marine engineering say that such
an occurrence Is highly improbable, If
not actua'ly impossible. The super
intendent engineer of one of the larg
est bollermaklng concerns In the world,
a man of extended saa-golng experi
ences, according to tho London Mall,
In discussing this question rccontly
said: "r do not believe it is possible
tor nn explosion to occur under circum
stances like those which attended the
sinking of tho Islander. What Is. often
thought to be nn explosion Is tho ef
fet of tho wafor gott np on the fires.
It Is not a question of the rupture of
the .boilers, but rather of tho rapid
gonorntlon of steam through the sea
water coming Into contact with the
glowing fuel of the furnaces. I hav
never known of an authenticated In
stnnco of a real boiler explosion conse
quent upon tho sinking of a ship at
sea." "What makes pooplo think the
boilers of sinking Bhlps explode," said
a veteran marine engineer who has
seen more than ono ship founder, "it
tho dreadful upheaval of tho vessel
when going down, owing to tho rush
of tho air to escape while tho water is
rushing In and preventing It from do
ing so. It Is generally tho ship, not
tho boilers, that explodes, if there U
any explosion at all. Tho pressure In
tho boilers Is naturally decreased the
moment tho cold water comes Into con
tact with the boiler plates. When a
ship goes down to rapidly as to Im
prison tho nlr that Is In her, and the
pressure Increases as she goes down,
something Is sure to burst nnd not In
frequently tho decks aro blown right
out. But the boilers don't explode at
least not because of the founding."
BRITAIN AS A CUP WINNER.
In either International Ilaces Knglaits.
Has More Than Held Iter Own.
Although the America cup racci
soak up all the avatlablo Interest ol
tho world whllo they are pending, the
cup Is only one out of a dozen famous
trophies that Britain has to EtruggU
with other nations for every year; and
to the yachting enthusiast there arc
several races quite as exciting and im
portant, says London Mail.
'Franco has her Challenge cup, or
rather, we have it, for we wrested II
from her two years ago. It is, how
ever, going back to her this year with
out being raced for at all, owing to a
clause In tho rules. France has two
international cups, and this first one
she calls the Coupe do Franco. It was
won at Canrfes In 1898 by tho English
cutter Gloria, and Is a handsome sil
ver ewer, costing 70. The leading
French yacht club, tho Union dea
Y'achts Francals, offered It as open to
any nation, defended by the French
cutter Estcrol. Gloria soon snapped it
up, however, and brought it to Eng
land. Like the American trophy, it li
a challenge cup and open to boats ol
twenty tons, French rule. There was
a challenger In 1899 and another last
year, but our neighbors were beaten
Every year we race Germany for a
cup that throws the America prize Into
the shade for beauty and value, and is
raced for by a big fleet of the biggest
and finest yachts afloat. It is tho Kai
ser's cup, designed and presented by
tho emperor himself, and which he al
ways hands to tho winning owner in
person. It is of solid gold, bearing on
ono sldo a medallion of Queen Victo
ria and on tho other side one of the
kaiser, and Is open to yachts over fifty
tons In an ocean race from Dover to
Heligoland. Britain haB always cap
tured the prize without difficulty.
The Ijiagh Wai on Him.
Ex-Attorney General Miller recently
told this story, which Is thoroughly en
Joyed by the narrator: "When Pres
ident Harrison Invited mo to become a
member of his cabinet," be said, "I
determined to visit my boyhood home
i, In lana before going to Washing
ton had not been In tl'o town for
twent, ) rs. At the railroad station
I was met by the village backman,
who knew mo when I was a boy. He
greeted mo as If I had left the town
only the day before. On the way to
the hotel In his ramshackle 'deep-soa
goln' back I said: 'Well, William,
wbat has happened since I hare been
here?' 'Nothin', he replied. 'Wil
liam,' I continued, 'I've been chosen
a member of the president's cabinet.
What do the neighbors say to that?'
'Nothtn',' he answered, 'they Just
A Doubtful Compliment.
She (arrayed for the theater) Sorry
to have kept you waiting so long, Mr.
Spoonamore, but it has taken me
longer than usual to get ready. I look
like a fright in this hat, too. He (de
sirous of saying sotnethlnr. complimen
tary) It Isn't the er fault of tha
lovely hat, I am sure, Miss Hackioton.
AN OLD TIME F0KT.
THE GIBRALTAR OF THE PENOB
Ior Many Years Its flnns lime Item
Milled 1U l.ait Ufa Was im n liar
rack Muring tlia Spanish-American
(Bucksport, Me., Letter.)
The old Gibraltar of the Penobscot
.iver. Fort Knox, sltunted at tho en
tranco to Bucksport na.-rows, enjoys
the distinction of having the smallest
garrison of any fort on tho Atlnntlo
coast. Ordnance Sergeant O'Bourko is
tho whole crow, nnd his prlnclinl duty
Is to apply poriodlc.il coals of paint
to tho guns and carriages and what
woodwork th'tro is nbout tho plnce,
guard ugalnst possible spies, run up
the StnrB and Stripes and mako out
many reports. Fort Knox Is ono of
the most magnificent of o.d-tlme forti
fications. At tho clcso of the civil war it was
regarded as one of tho most Impreg
nablo fortresses on the Atlantic sea
board. It cost $1,500 000 t& build what
.' now but an Imposing monument
to modes of warfaio of years ago Its
walls, from eight to ten feet In thick
ness, wero marvels In their day, but
would now fall like so much tissue
fibre before modern guns. Tho fort
was equipped up to a year or two ago
With 15-Inch smoothbore rodmans,
which wero ugly looking monsters, but
like a chained bulldog, their bite was
Except as a site for a mortar bat
tery or a protection for a disappear
ing gun, the old fort is of no use
whatever, except as a pleasure ground,
and that privilege Is denied.
Wns Dullt In 1H4H.
Fort Knox was a part of tho coast
defense plan Inaugurated by congress
In 1844, Work was begun in 1818, and
continued off and on until 1862, when
a big crew of men was sot at work and
the structure was rushod to comple
It was designed to protect shipping,
forming a sort of haven of refuge. Ves
sels could sail up by and nnchor, while
a hostile fleet would be obliged to run
the gauntlet of every gun in the fort.
There are in and nbout tho fortress
granlto bases for tho mounting of
nearly 300 guns. Up to a short tlmo
ago the armament consisted of sixteen
12-Inch and four 15-Inch guns In the
down river, or south battery, which is
located outside the fort proper and be
hind earthworks sweeping the ap-
proach of the river. In tho nor'h bit
tery, which is almost on the water's
edge, were six of the 15-lnch guns,
which were designed to pound away
at the enemy If they succeeded in get
ting by tho other guns.
Above the earthworks rise the walls
of the fort proper, which Is pentagonol
In shape, the front walls containing
guns in casement and barbette, and
flankers, with three-pound howitzers,
guarding all approaches.
Solid shot and shell wore piled In
pyramids in convenient places, and In
the south battery there Is an Independ
ent granlto magazine On the back
side of the fort are the barracks and
officers' quarters, mess kltchenB, etc.,
and under the aquaro court aro the
supply cellars. A living spring was
placed by nature inside of the wall for
the benefit ot the besloged.
A year ago the fort was stripped of
some of Its guns, and they were pre
sented by the government to various
Grand Army posts for decorative pur
poses on soldiers' lota In cemeteries.
Garrisoned In 180M.
The fort was never garrisoned but
onco, and the guns have been fired
but a few times, when they came very
near rattling out the glass in all of
the houses In Bucksport. During tho
Spanish war several hundred soldiers,
members' ot two Connecticut regiments,
were sent to the fort and remalnod
there tor a number ot weeks.
At this time also the Narrows waa
covered with a network ot torpedoes.
People up the river thought that ves
sels from the Spanish fleet which had
been reported as headed for the Maine
coast, might como up and destroy their
homes. The Bangor board ot trade
petitioned tha government to have
the torpedoes set and the work was
done. It was a serious hindrance to
navigation for several weeks.
KiTcet of Haf-Tlrae Song-.
8unday School Teacher "Now, chil
dren, whA 'lid Pharaoh say to Moses T"
Children "We don't know." Teacher
"Oh, yes, you do. Ho told Moses to
to and do sonvathing. Now, what did
he say?" Class "Go way back and
It down I" Baltimore American.