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DAIIIY AND POULTRY.
fJUTERESTINQ CHAPTERS FOfl OUR
Mow Hnrreaful I'lirmrn Opera la TliU
Department of the 1'urm A Frw
lllnta na to lli C'aro of Lite fltotk
(From tho farmers' Ilovlcw.)
Onu of llio most successful farmers
It was over tho good fortuno of Uio
writer to bocomo acquainted with was
considered a "crank" and much too
book learned by his neighbors for tho
slinplo reason that ho carried on his
largo farming business in a perfectly
bnslncsn-llho way. To bo sure, ho did
carry things to an oxtromo In some re
poctn, as, for Instanco, tho opening
of,n comploto doublo-ontry ledger ac
count with each field upon his largo
farm. In this ho would charge against
tho field each load of manuto hauled
upon It and nlso tho expense for work
of man and team and similarly record
evory penny of oxpcnBo on ono sldo
and against It tho gains of tho field not
only In actual crops grown and void,
but In accrued gain of fertilizing mat
ter hold over from ono crop to Uio
next nnd of now manure produced
from tho waste products ot tho field.
Such a man would bo gonerally ex
pected to fail on tho baalfa of tho old
Idoa that "ho who stops to count tho
cost will ne'er put hand to plow." This
Idea of not counting tho cost Ib absurd
and erroneous; It Is behind tho times
and misleading, however trlto and ap
parently wlso It may look to the
thoughtless who do not want to bother
with figures. Wo need to count tho
cost nowadays. Wo need to follow tho
oxamplo of this man who kopt Biich
an olabornto set of books. In prlnclplo
at least If not in fact. Wo nocd to
"koop tab" of overy oporntlon of tho
farm, and nowhoro Is this more neccs
nary than upon tho farm where n herd
of swlno Is kept. Annually there Is
great loss of pigs and consequently ot
profit by falling to keep tab of tho date
otBorrlceof each sow. A ledgor account
should be opened with each pedigreed
sow, at least, oven If tho fields are
not so dealt with. On one sldo of this
account should bo sot down tho cost
prlco of tho sow and nil expenses In
cluded In purchase, etc. Here, too, a
record should be kopt of her time ot
scrvlco and opposite It in good sea
son tho returns from that Rervlco In
number of pigs and later on tho re
turns from tho sale ot those pigs. Dy
bo doing it Is possible to detect at a
glance how a now is breeding nnd pay
ing fur her board nnd at the same time
to decldo which sow Ib tho most profit
able In amounts obtained far products
which Indicate unless podlgrced, tho
weight ot tho hogs sold from her nnd
the prlco obtained for thoso products.
Itwlll nlso appear whether she Is a shy
or stoady breeder. In a lnrgo herd such
facta nro soon lost sight ot unless
eomo such record Is kept, nnd without
It sows nro llnblo to bring forth their
pigs when not expected and In plncos
whero many succumb to tho rigors of
Inclement weather or tho ntlacks of
other swine, l)y tho keeping of a
record tho pedigrees of swine nro
easily kept track of, for It is always
bettor to know Just whero facts nro to
bo found In writing than to attempt
to record them merely In tho mind; a
grcnt knowledge- of science Is Impos
sible unless a man enn remember JtiBt
whero to lay hands on a book in his
Ilbrnry which contains tho fncts ho re
quires to consult. Uut there is anoth
er flno point to bo mentioned In this
matter ot keeping tab. It does not so
much concern tho figures ot profits as
tho record ot results In product of
pork or weight at selling timo, nnd
after all that Is hut another form ot
dollars and cents. We refor to tho
keeping of what may bo termed the
"experiment record." Hero should bo
set down each week or month a cor
rect account of tho feeding operations
going on nt the timo. Knch lot of hogs
should bo weighed and close track kept
ot tho amount and kind ot food con
sumed by each. Tho work should bo
pattorned after that so well dono at
every ono ot tho agricultural experi
ment stations throughout tho country
and will Bhow at tho end ot tho year
or feeding period exactly how a lot of
hogs have been fed, what gains have
been mado from tho feeding and what
profits liavo been mado from tho sale of
tbe products. If overy hog raiser woro
to keep tab In this way of at least a
''check lot" of feeding hogs ho would
have a safe guldo to follow yearly,
and by changing his mothods and
again keeping tab would bo ablo In
time to toll exactly tor his special lo
cation and circumstances the method
ot feeding which was tho most profit
able. The prlnclplo of keeping tab Is
what we dcslro to urge In this short
jarttclo. It cannot bo fully elaborated
,hcro; what wo havo eatd may bo suf
ficient to sot the bog man thinking,
'and that la tho main objoct ot this
column ot the paper.
, nooitm Crow for lr:in,
' Roosters that crow for prizes are
familiar sights to tho residents of
Tsriua sections ot Belgium, notably
the Liege district. The Belgian artl-
j nan In his leisure moments breeds a
special cock for crowing, and that
which can outcrow his fellows has
reached tho highest pinnacle ot per
fection. The plan adopted is to placo
tho cages containing tho roosters In a
long row, for It appears that proximity
creates that spirit of emulation with
out which tho proceedings would fall
flat. A marker appointed by tho or
ganizers ot the show Is told off for
each bird, his duty being to note care
fully the number ot crows for which
it is rcpoiiRlblo, In the name fashion
as tho laps arc recorded In a bicycle
rnco. Tho customary duration of the
mutch Is one hour, the winner being
tho cock which scores tho highest
number of points in tho allotted time.
Joseph, son of Jacob, had to .ware
house a good deal ot wheat in the
oven fat years to carry tho Kgyptlnnh
through the seven lean ones. The
American furriers produced enough In
18DS to mak' Joseph's little stock look
like a pea 1.- a tub. If It had all been
piled In form on tho plain of Olzch it
would havo made nine pyramids the I
slzo of the pyrnmldo of Cheops, and
with' the surplus another could have
bepn reared four-fifths as large. That
Was tho biggest American wheat crop
over recorded. It amounted to G7G,148,
705 bushels, grown on 41,045,278 acres
of land, says Alnsley's Magazine. Next
year tho yield was lighter nnd the
Americans only turned off scvon nnd
ulnc-tenths pyramids of wheat. In
1000 they even fell short of that, pro
ducing only n paltry seven and a hnlf
pyramids. Still, that would hnvo been
a comfortable- addition to Joseph's
stock, and considering that It was
grown on a smaller acreage than the
crop of 1890 was a rather creditable
performance. Tho deficiency was mado
tip with a two-bllllnn bushel corn
crop, and 210,000,000 bushels of pota
toes. A Stuttor of i;iliicatlnn.
At the Iowa dairy convention a ,
member of Congress mado tho sugges-1
tlon that tho dairymen should cducato '
tho labor unions and tho cattle pro-1
ducers as to tho real facts in the case
of oleomargarine Tho suggestion Is
a good ono. There is strong reason to .
bollovo that both classes aro laboring ,
under a misapprehension in the mat-i
tor. Cortnln it is that laborers In the
city aro at present against tho dairy
men. Ono laborer said to tho writer:
"Tho dairymen wish to prevent tho
manufacture ot oleomargarine so we
will have to pay them at least 35 cents
a pound for butter the year around."
Tho argun-ent Is a strong ono-snd very
effective l:i keeping tho city laborers
on tho side of oleo. Let tho dairymen
send a few missionaries among tho la
borers to prove two things: That but
ter will not sell at an exorbitant price
If oleo Is not colored, and that they aro
now buying oleo at butter prices and
not at oleo prices. Tho cattlo men
should bo mado to understand that I
thoy are not getting "$4 per head
moro" on account ot oleo being colored
to rcscmblo butter.
TUa tjuetllon ot 1'rotelii.
Professor Haccker of the Minnesota
experiment station shows a decided
Inclination to set aside as worthless
nil that has been taught as to the
make-up of feeds for dairy cows. Itoal
ly, tho professor does not greatly dls
agroo with tho teachings of tho so
called feeding tables, ho claiming that
tho amount of protein required In a
ration is only 60 per cent of the
amount as hitherto specified. Uut,
thoso people that do not carefully fol
low tho figures as set forth by him will
most certainly report Professor Hneck
or as declaring that protein is unnec
essary in a ration. This will bo un
fortunate Tho present estimates ot
proportion of protein needed aro the
result of tho Investigations by many
scientists. Who shall Judge between
them nnd Professor Haccker? Aro the
many wrong nnd tho ono right, or aro
tho many right and tho ono wrong?
Up to tho presont time the preponder
ance of testimony is not with Profess
A Swuu Rone
A doting ICast Kiul papa has n now
story to tell about his llttlo girl. Ac
cording to his tale, tho child, with her
mothor, wns walking through Wado
Park when sho saw a number ot swans
in tho pond, "What aro those, mam
ma?" inquired tho llttlo girl. "Thoso?
Why, they aro swans," was tho reply.
A silence ot more than a mlnuto fol
lowed tho reply, when tho llttlo girl
again broko out. "It thoso aro swans,
mamma," said sho, "this must bo the
Swanco River that papa sings about so
"Drown doesu't Bpell correctly."
"Yes." "Is fearfully nbsont-mlnded."
"Quito true." "No business nblllty."
"Nono nt all." "Writes an unreadable
hand." "Truo again." "And 1 don't
know what to xnako of him!" "My
dear friend, what on earth can you ox
pect of n great genius?" Atlanta Con
stitution. Tobacco cultivation and manufac
turing in tho Atlantic states are great
ly hampered for want ot workers.
THE ELEPHANT'S JOKE.
reader nit llli Herd Nqulrl Water on
A near relative of inlno was head
of tho Indian Military l'ollcc, nnd his
winter circuit comprised the hoopahni
country and hill tracts. Herds of
wild elephants abounded In the dis
trict which contnlned two important
Khcddahs. The greater part of our
tour was made by water, and once wo
were detained severul days In the bed
of n river owing to tho insufficiency of
water for tho draft ot our boats.
Some of them lay high and dry; but
the office boat, which consisted of a
single cabin, with large doors fore and
aft, was n the streum. My friend sat
Ih his cabin absorbed In official cor
reipoudence, while we explored tho
shores. Suddenly looking up, he was-1
dismayed to find a herd of about fJrty
wild elephants, headed by a vlclotu
looklng leader, gazing rteadj!yvat tie
boat and its soil Vary occupant. Stout
eoldler as ho Wan, he watched tit 8
leader with considerable trepltiutioi;
for on his action depended that to be
adopted by tho herd To nis lmmecib,
relief, the leader, after a trumpet or
two, turned disdainfully nnd crossed
the stream. He breathed a slgft or re
lief, nnd hud forgotten his lucky es
capo In tho absorption of "ok whrtj,
swish' through tho cabin came dash
after dash of water. On the opposite
sldo stood the leader and his herd
with wcll-tlllcd trunks. Ono after thjj
other administered tho shower bath.
and then retreated, leaving my friend
thoroughly ducked and very rueful
over the damp condition of his gov
ernment paper and surroundings, btit
thankful for his escape from a wor
fate than a wetting- St Nicholas.
Iter Maidenly Virtue.
In the days of 1770 or thereabout,
whllo Phillip Kithlan v.hs keeping a
dnily journal ot his life at Prlncetoti
College, human nature seems to have
been much tho same as In our genera
tion. Hut Mr. Flthian noted the dif
ferences, social and temperamental,
between the Northerners and South
erners, and was greatly drawn toward
tho Virginians, of whom he writes:
"The people are extremely hospitable
and very polite, both ot whlrh are most
certainly universal characteristics ot
the gentlemen In Virginia. Some
swear bitterly, but the practice seems
to bo generally disapproved." It Is
pleasant to lead that all tho fallings,
Eerlous mid minor, were lacking in
Councilor Carter's eldest daughter,
Miss 1'rlnllla, for Mr. Flthaln records
with a vivacious pen: "She is small of
her nge, his it mild, winning Presence,
a sweet, obliging Temper, never
swears, wh'ch Is here a distinguished
virtue, diinern finely, plr.ys well on
key'il instrutiiciitc, and Is on the wuolo
in the llrs.t CIiJW of tho Female Sex."
Don't ltuln Yopr Henltli
hy entitle too much meat. ATI.A8 OATS
U cheaper, healthier and mora nutritious,
Some jieoido full in lovo so lmrtl thoy
full clear through and ont before thoy
alt. up to hati: imt;si:KKi:iKns
lice Defiance Cold Wawr Starch, hecaino
It Is better and 4 oz. more ot It for' Kama
It is much better to lilt tho nail on
tho heiul than tho nail on tho linger.
All I'p.to-llnle Hiiil.oUerpere
Uro Red Crons Ball IJItio. It inttkes
clothes clean ami sweet as when new.
Newhuuls, of Nevndn, for tho rocla
mntion of arid lands by tho use of all
moneys received from the wilu ot public
lauds in tho arid nnd semi-arid states.
lti'il Ciiio Hull Hlua
Should bo in overy homo. Ask your
grocer for it. Largo 2 o.. package only
Nothing makes a wife so suspicious
ns to' detect traces of mi unuhnul ier
fnmo nbont hor husband.
Sditlc, Shirp and Shootlnt PiHi.
Str!nj. Weakness and alt bodily aches
and pains relieved almost Instantly
Dackache, Heaiache, Faceacbe,
Chest Pains, and all Nerrous Pains
and Muscular Weakness cured by
St. Jacobs Oil I
After all other remedies fall. -j:
Acts l.ke, magic 1 y-
l ETico, 35c and 50c $
J www 2
g BOLD BT ALL DEALERS IV XEXtfC&n. ft
"Ti'iMuipiu't tyi Watir
There nppcnr to bo quite ttti epldetnio '
of breacheK of trust on tho part of tl-.
nanclitt officers of frete-riml orders. I
Aro tin Ki-iitlmueu loxlng tlWr grip? '
I'Uo'a Cure fur Consumption Ih an Inlalltblo i
medicine for coiikIh ami cokfo N. W. SiNCKI.,
OmatiUroTC, X J., Feb. 17, 1900.
When it conies to marriage," ays i
ilie Cynical Hnehelor, "no limn ever
Ititches the itg of illsoietlon."
Hal f an hour Is all the time required to
dyoulth PUTNAM FADELESS DYES.
Sold by drtiggUts, 10c. per package.
Ulobts "You never quite know how
n man is ftolnif to strike yon when .
ym first meet him." Slobbs
"Xo; nor for how much."
ilionlil tie In vtv household, norm so
Rood, liMidrs 4 or. raoro for 10 cents than
any other bra lid of cold water itaroh.
... .. -, -- .
Hook "IleujM'lko fity ho wits mar
ried in "leap yenr." Nye Poor Hen.
rvekker- He never could leant to say.
no.". t '
'Stiiprt'tllf' C'omrli and
j, j . 1, 111 Mn VII lllll VUIU
it must Iki the urtfnl tfirl who paints.
Dtil! euro init't a i milker to u dull
CITQ permanently riirrfl. !f o flt or nerrcmmieM after
i 1 1 O Hml d) iim or Iir. Kllnn'i llreat Nerve llitoi
er. Nrnitf.ir fllKU rl'1.00 trial hottle and treallw.
Kit, H. II. Kuvr, Ltd , 131 Anb Street, I'MLdtlphl., l'a.
Trilnlnn; l"l fur the T.akei.
A strong effort Is being mado to hava
a training snip for the United States
nuvjf established on iho great lakes.
, Commander John M. Hawley has taken
I the matter up with Congressman Koss
and it is hoped that the next congress
I will make nit appropriation for tho
; ship anil Its maintenance.. Commander
" nuimi iaai ir a snip was sta
tioned on the lakes It would attract a
largo number of boys, and thnv wmii.i
be glvon a hricf trial on board, giving
tho officers a chance to weed out the
Incompetent before transferring them
to the coast.
I'ar Mnra Vlinn u Qunrlrr of n Centurr the repulatlonof W. I.
PooilM yuu and UD shoe for ityle. comfort aud wear lot eitxiiid all olhrr
liiaki- niU at llirM prUr. Itita riirllent repulmllcn liaa Uwn won tnr ineot
alour. tt. I DoiikUm shoe hare to cue brllrriuti.rart Ion than or tier HiXianit
tun .bora becauM lua rruiation tor tt,e xt. ioo aua f&M atioes mml be
Hold In 13 Douolat ilnrti AmrrUm ritirt tilling direct rem actotv la
ueai rr atone prqfltt un4 Utt ihoe titaUrt mriirArrr,
W i DOUGLAS
fiT . .?n..VE?dll.rd hfli alwiirs hen placed to Men
in ui" . 1 MKiia 1101 an t XSo hor than he ran yet elMwliere. w. I. ixinaua tnikre and aella
luoiu sgo ami ntu ilioei than any other two unnufaclorrra In the world. Jfoat Color yaleu Uaod.
n. I Doiiqlna 8XOO unil rln.'.O aline nrnmmln of the nriino hlli.tjTnd
leathern uaod In &S.CO nml tfO.OO ahoca nnd or Juat oa good In erery way.
Tnnlat upon liavlnrj'W. I.. T)oui;lna shoe
.... ........ ,ii. r,noee am anrwnre en receipt
rirnape. Take ineaturrnientn ot footaiihnwn t
r. . . - 'll w"rn, main or cap loe 1 neary, lueumin
V W. L. DOUGLAS,
pnn TnuiH nn nni htry iirf q-
Thoro is no moro serviceable or simple
a i If. 1. onglno suitable for grinding feed,
purablug water, nholllug corn, &c, or fur run
niug fntiH, prosnet, elittrns, butchers' innchlnory,
anuepHneuringmncuineN, on: ooinpietowiiu
wntor audgutiolinotiinlcHaiidplpei, Htarting
Ivcr, Driviug Tulley, Wrenches, Oilers,
etc , nil ready for ImjinosH. Heavy bnlnnco
wheels. Quo operating valvo. Weight C50 lbs.
WEBER GAS & QASOUNE ENGINE
P.O. Box 111. KANSAS' CITY, MO.
V arnaravatea ta enra all dUenB af tba raelam. ar.4 boattlvely dan't reaalra aaaeaat
ot.tlt.Tou nn prrotlr ivrll. Bacd tor cor 2C0 riKbo.k. FflKS TO M XN t alio our M-paae koea.
rBCt TO WOU KN , ThtM liookt tunt.lo talgaale liltnuttaaHinituci, iTolia.nt. aDdlhoula b. la iha
maada af erarf parua aflllcud. AdditiiUita.TUUUkXO AMIAUlI, XEO Oak at, Kaneaa Oily Ue.1
... Has No Equal.
tWTRAtl mp) MUX IV if
Mads la (tuna bard
bbocki and roue a
New and Enlarged Edition.
Int er national
ol Engliib, JiiQrphy, Geography. Fiction. etc
25.000 NE.W WORDS. ETC.
Edited by W. T. 1JAUR1S rh.IlL, J.L.D.,
United Sliut Commutioair ot Education.
Nw Platea Throughout. Rich tJiqdlnaa. I
4Ai Taf. aM,ittlii.t..ll. II
PE8T FPU THE, HOUSEHOLD
Dictionary with a Tluitle
bcuttiah Ototiaiy. itco Faeea.
HoolliumaUon. SUe 7a ioxa.iQ.
specimen pagci, etc., of both
booai lent on afpitcauon. t,.
O. a C. Merrlam Co., Springfield, Mass.
irui ur in uubUAPruDLS TU11$3)
A aubMltuto for and superior to mustard or
unyrtther plaster, and will nor. blister the
mm t delicate, skin. The pain-allaylnir and
curatlrc qualities of thla article are wonder
ful. It will atop tho toothache at once, nnd
teller headaoho and aclallca. Wo recom
mend It c tho beat and tafest external
counter-irritant known, also n an external
remedy for pain in the cheat and stomach
and all rheumatic. ncurnlRlo and gout-, iom
ulnldu. A trlnl will prove what we 1 laim
tor it, and it will he found to bo Invaluable
in tho houiiohold. Mnny people but "It la tho
beatot allot your preparation." Price 10
-mt nt nil JniHlm fit. ,!. i...H
sendinc this amount to us In poitagn atnmps
ahould be accepted by the publlo unless the
same CArHeH our tntm! ninlhral.. It I-
genuine. CMCaBBROUaH MFO. CO .
17 blato btrect, Nivr tobk: Crtr.
S4.00 Gilt l;ilro
1.1ns Cannot lie
J;qualcil at Any l'rlce.
tint the wearer reeelrre more valne for hit money
Tith nnmonm price atampeil
fr f vf I j!
. A' ..Al3
7W.L. DOUGLAS C
ot r-nre ami S5 renn aaaiuonai
atati .tyledeHiredl llze and
. fav" 'T-..
or ngnt toica.
englno than tho
Cut No. 1-3 10 H. P. Weber Jr. Oaaotln
Floor (pact, 21i7Z Im. Spttl,375rcT.
Defiance Starch is the
cheapest laundry starch
one-third more for the
same money, and it's the
best starch made, too
the best in the world 16
ounces for 10 cents.
If your grocer does
not keep it send us his
name and we will send
you one trial package.
n airivbSI?mi .