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title: 'The Daily democrat. (Anadarko, Okla.) 191?-1915, April 28, 1914, Image 3',
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NEW LIFE FOR THE OLD SOIL
Qrccn Manures Work Wonders.
W. H. STEVENSON.
Any crojw grown and plowed under
Rreen to Incrcnxo tlio productive ca
pacity of tlio noil nro cnllcd green mn
nure crops. Sometimes such crops oc
cupy the lutid for only n part of the
Reason. They nro then known at
"cover" crops or "cntch" crops.
Cireen miimirlng Is nn Important
pruitlce, chlolly because It nihil organic,
mutter to the soil, which U gradually
converted Into humus, an uutwlutely
essential coustltu',nt of the soil. Of
course humiM may bo secured by ap
plying barnyard manure, but as a rule
there Is not enough of this material to
meet the needs of the laud. However,
green mnnuring Is not unough In Itself
to Weep a soil from wearing out. ho
other practices must be followed. Croim
must be grown In rotation, tlio mois
ture content of the soil regulated, prop
er Ullage practiced, the soil kept sweet.
tho supply of mineral plant food main
tained, especially tho supply of phos
phorus and potassium, nnd tho nitro
gen content of the soil kept up. Thee
factors all play an Important part In
keeping n soil productive, but they
nro not more Important than grceu
Poor Soils Especially Benefited.
In general green manures nro bene
ficial when used on poor soils because
jf their action on tho physical, chemi
cal and bacteriological conditions of
tho soil. From the physical side green
manures Influence tho moisture, tem
perature and aeration of soils. For ex
ample, on light, sandy soils' they pro
Vent rapid drying out by reducing the
losses of moisture duo to evaporation
and percolation, nnd further make, the
soil more compact While they have
Just the opposite effect on henvy clny
Bolls, here the organic matter opens up
the soil and admits air.
Tho practlco of leaving the soil bare
during July and August following the
harvest of a small grain crop Is very
bad, as It causes tho loss of large
amounts of nitrogen by percolation
These losses may bo prevented In a'
largo measure by growing green ma-j
nuro crops on tho land, especially Is
this tnio of leguminous crops, which!
stimulate greater bacterial octlon, and'
as a result larger amounts of available'
plant food arc produced. Hye, wheat, I
buckwheat and rapo nro tho nonlegu-'
xnlnous crops which aro commonly1
used for green manuring, whllo red
clover, mammoth clover, sweet clover,
crimson clover, Canada field ieas, cow
peas, soy beans and vetehe-i nro the
best known legumes for this purpose.
The secret of keeping our gardens
nnd fields fertile Is to plow deep, and
If necessary subsoil, cultivate thor
oughly and ilnnt leguminous crops.
' ft -ML TIG - TIE GROVE'S
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic is Equally
Valuable as a General Tonic because it Acts on the Liver,
Drives Out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds up
the Whole System. For Grown People and Children.
You know what you are taking when you take Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic
as the formula is printed on every label showing that it contains the well known
tonic properties of QUININE and IRON. It is as strong as the strongest bittei
tonic and is in Tasteless Form. It has no equal for Malaria, Chills and Fever,
Weakness, general debility nnd loss of appetite. Gives life and vigor to Nursing
Mothers and Pale, Sickly Children. Removes Biliousness without purging.
Relieves nervous depression nnd low spirits. Arouses the liver to action and
purifies the blood. A True Tonic and Sure Appetizer. A Complete Strengthened
No family should bo without it. Guarantied by your Druggist. . We mean it. 50c.
!" WP i
Mttix in t
New State Tea (the finest produced) or Louis
Tea (high grade-popular priced)
which is packed in unitary air-tiuht packages in China
and Japan and is opened in your kitchen. Select
your favorne variety ol New Stale or Louis Tea Gun-
powder, Imperial, Hasket Fired Japan Look for them,
un your grocer's shelf Ask him -Insist upon then!.
The Williamson -Halsell-Frasier Co.
" Importer, Wholesale Craters,
SEEDS IN APRIL
Elant Only Real Live Ones and Keep
Good heeds to grow should bo pure or
free from other kinds of seeds, bo true
to name nnd possess the greatest pos
sible IoiiRolty. Testing seeds is In It
self Interesting, but few have the time
for It, and therefore we should use carp
In buying only from the reliable seed
housmi Corn, however, should be test
ed In order to avoid Ions from low vital
ity and thus having to replant. Tout
ing steals Is n simple matter, nnd ninny
use the pasteboard lllleni out of vim
crates to do It. these being filled with
dump sand, then a kernel of com Is
placed In "rich nnd covered with sand,
afterward being watered thoroughly
with lukewarm water; a piece of damp
cotton cloth Is then laid over tho tester
until the seeds sprout, which Is In
about live days. If tho seed Is good
about ST p-r cent should germinate.
Sowing thn Seeds.
Tho two requisites for the germina
tion of seeds nro n congenial torn peril -turo
nnd a continuous supply of mols
turo. The gnrdener has little to say
about temperature, but tho moisture
lucrl'en can be controlled by the use
of the roller or the feet, providing one
does not ux a heed drill having a small
roller nttaehed Peter Henderson In his
book, "Gardening For Profit," devotes
a whole chapter to tho use of tho feet
In planting. For example, plant two
rows of radishes where tho soil Is dry
and press down firmly with tho feet
over oho row, smoothing the other row
with n rake, nnd nolo the difference
The radishes which have Ikhu tramped
down are nblo to get moisture by capil
lary attraction, whllo tho others suffer
for want of It.
In sowing seeds that start slowly, as
parsnips, celery, etc.. It Is well to sow
with them u few strong, quick germl
natlng seeds to break the crust and
mark tho rows so that cultivation may
begin early. Frequently n crop of rod
lshcs may bo grown this way before
the main crop takes up tho land. The
following vegetables may be planted as
soon ns the soil Is fit to work:
ARparugus, one ounce for SO feet:
broad beans, ono quart for 100 feet:
beets, one ounce for DO feet; Ilrussels
sprouts, ono ounce for 2,000 plants; car
rots, one ounce to 100 feet; celery, ono
ounce for '000 plants; Swiss chard,
ono ounce for 50 feet; lettuce, one
ounce for 100 feet; onions, one ounce
for 100 feet; sets, ono quart for 50 feet;
parsley, one ounce for 150 feet: pars
nips, ono ounce for 200 feet; peas, ono
quart for 100 feet; ixitatoes, one iock
for 100 hills
Many of our vegetable seeds do 'well
When transplanted, and these may be
Martcd In boxes In tho houso or under
glass or In n nursery row.
Fragrant as the new blown rose In
Gthc Orient, where the best tea is
grown, the Hardens yield two and
sometimes three crops or pickines
from the same plant The firit pick
ing is in May The younc leaves
are tenderett, full of fragrance and
strencth. The tea which is brewed
Irom them is clear and pure The later
pickings are heavier and have not the
natural sweetness of the first crop
which makes tea one of the most
ueiiuous of beverages. You can always get
the early May puking of Orient Tea if you
buy the sanitarv paikaues of
Cc, if r Roaitora. Manufacture!. 4
STOCKING UP WITH PLANT
Buy Yonr Fertilizer Intelligently.
E. K. PARKINSON.
In buying commercial fertilizer do
not be guided wholly by n chemlcit
iimilypU of the crop to bo fertilized.
Hlln differ wldoly and my bo deep or
vlmllovv, sandy or loamy, containing
liberal supplloH of plant food which
could bo brought Into um by deep
plowing and UioruikIi cultivation, or
pcrhap markedly lucking in plant
foods Tint, then, you muit know
ttomuthliiK of tho character of your
noil, nnd you may usually count on
handy and gravelly soils Ih-Idk lnwir In
potash nnd phosphoric acid; clay wills
tiMunlly rich In M)tnlr and xor In lliuo
and phosphoric ncld; llniontunu hoIIm
rich In that clement and phosphoric
iicld and poor In potash, whllo soli
containing loaf mold or other kind of
vegetable matter aro uauully rich In all
Formulas to Use.
Having determined tlio genoral na
ture of tho Mill, tho formulas Riven bo
low will meet tho retiulrutnentH of
good aandy loam. In purehnHlng fer
tilizer ronioinlier part of tho nitrogen
should bo in the form of nitrate of
soda, which becomes Immediately avail
able, and part should bo In the form
of organic nitrogen, such tin tankage,
dried blood, or dry ground Huh, which
la not Immediately available, whllo
part of the phophorlr acid ahould be
Rolublo an acid phosphate and part in
soluble, hucIi as ground Ikjiio, South
Carolina rock or Tennessee rock. (Those
facts may bu had from tho salesmen.)
Crop Formula. Pounds.
AsimniKUS 4-8-10 7S
Deans M-lo M
lieotR 4-8-12 CI
CuMiRKo (early) C-S-10 M
CabbHgo (Lite) 4-8-10 02
Celery 46-8.7.5 SO
Corn 4-8-11 30
lettuce E-S-10 SS
Onions C-T-10 02
Pens 2-8-10 30
Potatoes 4-8-10 CO
Squash and pumpkins... 4-C-S C2
These elements provide plant food to
start crops and feed them through the
season. To use this table remember
commercial fertilizers are sold on a
percentage basis thus: 4-8-10 means -1
per cent actual nitrogen, 8 per cent
actual phosphoric acid nnd 10 per cent
potash. So from n 200 bag of potash
containing Til per cent actual potash,
61 per cent of i00 pounds is 102 pounds.
Tho 1-8-10 calls for 10 per cent nctual
potash or 10 per cent of 102 pounds,
which Is 10.2 jKnmds. In feeding plants
harrow Into the soil part of tho fer
tilizer to bo used nnd then nfter tho
plants are up spread n bit more be
tween the rows nnd work it Into tho
soil with tho cultivator This Is espe
cially truo of nitrate of soda.
on sound principles, should bo
tho court's sovorign guido. I bo
liove that nil public ofKeials Bliculd
put in prnctico tho Bpirit of sec
tion II, nrticlo 2 of tho Constitu
tion, by giving full inonsuro in
honest nnd conscientious sorvico
to tho stnte in roturn for tho con
fidonco of tho peoplo and the com
pensation paid them. 3
Yhen I accepted tho appoint
ment as Associuto Justico of tho
Supromo Court, 1 did so with tho
purposo of giving my full time to
the duties of the oflico. The oourt
is fnr behind, nud tho prosoncoof
onch membor is required constant
ly, honce. I shall bo oblo to give
but little timo to campaigning.
Should I fail to call on you, it
will bo because I n giving- my
time and personal uttention to
the duties of tho oflico.
at factory prices
Save Frcm 30 to CO Per Cent
Tiro Tube Rolinor
28x3 S"7.20. $1.05 1.35
30x3 7.80 1.95 1.40
30x3$ 10.80 2.80 100
32x3J 11.90 2.95 2.00
:34X3 2,12.40 3.00 2.05
32x4 13.70 3.35 0 2.40
33x4 S 14.80 3.50 2.45,
34x4 1(5.80 3.IJ0 ' 2.(50
36x4 16.85 3.90 2,80
35x4$ 19.75 4.85 3.45
S36x4j 19. So 4.90 3.(50
37xi 21.50 5.10 3.70
37x5 24.90 2.'j0 4.20
All other sizes in stock. Non
Skid tiros 15 por cent additional,
rod tubes ton per cent nbovo groy
All now, olonn, fresh guaranteed
tires. Best standard nnd icdepon
dont mnkos. Buy direct from us
mid savo monoy. 5 per cent dis.
oount if payment in full accom
lauies each order. 0. O. D. on 10
jor cent deposit.
TireiFdotories Sales Co.
Oept. A Dayton, Oliio
, SIMPLE CARE OF CHICKS
Economy In Raising Them.
DR. SANBORN, Holdon, Mass.
There in lew fun In retiring of chirks
thon a few years ago. A warm brooder,
Bomu fine litter, cracked grain nnd grit,
with perhaps n mash containing ground
nrnln anil animal food, and you should
nilso IX) per cent of tho chick.
livery chick deserve to bo well
hatched, of sturdy nncMtry nnd prop
erly mired The egg should be from
carefully selected stock, well housed
and fed. to produce chicks that stand
adverse conditions Tho hen or litcu
lmtor should do It part well, as many
a lip Is inailo between tho laying of
the egg and the hutching of tho chick.
1 prefer the lump heated brooder to
clthei the lion or tho lientless brooder,
for whil some hens do good brooding
nnd In tome Reasons you en 11 raise
good chl. kii with tho Urol ess brooder,
yet for easy, successful brooding of
fifty chicks my prnforenco Is for the
The chicks, when dry, nro taken from
the hen or tnachlno ami transferred to
tlio well warmed brooder. I prefer It
should I fully as warm under the
hovor as was the Incubator, then, If too
hot, the chicks can Ik spread out into
tho less wnrm pait of the brooder lloor,
or If at -my hour the temperature dro
tho chicks can retire to a warmer place
under the hover
What to Feed Them.
At the start tho chicks get cool water
to drink and only tho food that Is In
the bnni waste used to cover the brood
er Moor Iteally thuy need no food, nnd
whnt they find In tho vvnsto Is plenty
When a few days old they need light
feeding of cracked wheat, good fish or
beef scrap (personally 1 luivo found
nothing better than a good grado of
Ush Bcrnp) added at eight days of nge
nnd finely cracked, dry corn at ten to
twelve days. It Is Important Uiat all
chick feed bo sound, sweet nnd clean
Avoid musty corn, scrap that Is fit ouly
for fertilizer, and stale drinking water
Unless there Is some grit In the barn
waste that Is used for brooder floor It
should bo supplied. Chicks need a
warm place to retire to when cold, nn
open room to get out Into and exorcise,
as well as a grass run to range over
when two weeks old. Close confine
ment to hot brooders tends to give leg
weakness. As tho chicks grow in ago
tho heat of the brooder can bo reduced
to about SO degrees. Too mnny chicks
nro hatched that are doomed to die be
cuuso from weak stock or Incubated
wrongly, but tlio blnmo Is usually laid
on tho brooder. Yearling hens make
tho best of breeders, better than pul
lets, nnd are In their primo through
March and April, which Is the time for
B. F. ELLIOTT
Lower & Son
Wall Pnpor, Pnints nnd Glass,
Paper Hanging, Painting nnd
Opposite People's Storo.
C FOR YOUR DEN C
Beautiful College Pennants'
Valo nnd Harvard, eaoh 9 in x 24
in Princoton, Cornell; nnu
Michigan Enoli 7 x 21 in
Alllbost quality felt with folt
heading, streamers, letters and
mascot executed in proper colors.
This snlondid assortment sont
postpaid forSOconts. Sondjnow.
Howard Specialty Company
Dayton, Ohio JT.
Are You a Woman ?
The Woman's Tonic
m SALE AT ALL tRUGSTS
Vftcr Four Years of Discouraging
Conditions, Mrs. Bulloch Gave
Up in Despair. Husband
Came lo Rescue.
Cilron, Ky. In an interesting Irller
rom thin place, Mrs. iktlle lkillock
writes as follows: "I suffered for four
cars, with womanly (roubles, and during
ills time, 1 could only sit up for a Utile
while, find could not walk anywhere at
ill. At times, I would have severe pains
n my left side.
The doctor was called In, and his Jrcat
ncnt relieved me for a while, but I was
loon confined lo my bed again. After
hat, nothlni: secn::d to do me any good.
H kI H
Day Phone 178; Night-phone 226
OY. r U M.
ru'lliUtaa tltc MpriHiWI at lit-,
l.lotMry uf Autimi bl
Mwy la Circulate. In the V S.
IUy 35o The
Y- I flrwl
. it v'tLM-i i
. r,fc:)d r.
h Orettly Utincti
Euct hltt ol U,l.
Sen4 postal or
Gentlemen's Driv' g Hlorsc
Will Keeoive Special t'aro
S, eiul Attention Given to
ORN MAIN & 7tb STREET
I had gotten so weak I could not stand,
and I gave up in despair.
At last, my husband got me a oolllc of
Cardui, the woman's tonic, and I com
menced taking It. Prom (he very first
dose, I could tell It was helping me. I
can now walk two miles witliout its
tiring me, and am doing all my work."
If you rll run down from womanly
troubles, don't give up in despair. Try
Cardui, the woman's Ionic. It lias helped
more than a million women, in Its 50
years of continuous success, and should
surely help you, too. Your druggist has
sold Cardui for years. lie knows what
it will do. Ask him. He will rccom-
mend it. Uegin taking Cardui today. '
rttf to! ChJllinoof. MMcln Co., Liiln
Advtiwy.Dtpt., Chuunoogi. Unn., for Svrdai
M.riicri(m4on ymjr civunJM-tvig. hugk, IIodm
Treatment far Women," tint lo pUin up, J
TiA.A?n LtSHuI V'UJfl
Alt k(ml of dictionaries havo boon offered through new.
paiorntBll kinluf prices, but bern Is tho LAT(- '
(i ctuTary- Hie BD
tiulull juttolT U.oprcw rE
t hrouhou t, nn J It given to YO
u absolutely rat E.
TO IHDUfiE YOU TO READ TKl
RAHSAS C8TY WEEKLY POS?
grtttctt Wcokly NowtMtper Publlsrtud. wo
YOU PRCE A COPY of EVCRYUODY'S
1 DICTIONAflY. Stiul BOo 3Gc for a yaar' subsclp.
tlon end ISetoccver eont ct handllnzand milllnc.
Act KOW t f i 1 1 out Coupon bolow and null TODAY.
Thmk .rii'nDi"i)iii.'ylllt.tl,lHtEK Alih4nrrui
i.h tht'lAtwt pjnun Intwf n'l nrw dcr(rlor. altLi.iii '
Cvkrplttn. Wr.LU IVOHTH TWO &OLLAWO.
Road Thin Partial Llot of Cantont.
t tiwil Dotti ui thu Wor'.
Ir.'IJitt ot t!uUl,i''-l -';l
Nisu'i of th Stata uui Ui ir
Dwillvt Battle of tho Worlil
NltfknamMI wl StaU ajul Oni'
tmn of faaiooa Prr
WvrJi nJ U.l'nilluiu
i K' ifci
(MM. of w !'
ThU hu th ttwl of
p'a vUlarr. smi
an Qtirtf ttWit.
UttrtcTytUm. lJ I
IttrkSytUm. il U.., .
wid IasaI f,nu,
Autimi bll lanns.
I Latnt CnltadSutaa Oohm. i
Baanlol ttlstlo.mrv Ceziaan. mwjni'
Yoar. 3 Yoars for S1.00.
Canadian and Torelgn Countrle 78o tho Year.
fUBLlSHP.nS KANSAS CITV tVeCKLY POST, I
inrlnaaH We In no or two at atampf ar 'o'i Ran,! mr
r-HCB, tiutf (ircpahj, to
- ii - i i rowrnr ami mm a (iy ui t.vuIUUUI a
y oruVf cr le aful 2t atamtu
Uail at one)
liia frv offer wun't fait luntr.
All Work Guaranteed
.Lame nnd Interfering Horseu
IW! i' i'l'I'W