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THE BREAK IN CATTLE PRICES.
Chicago Live Stock World
We have had a long period of high
prices for beef cattle. Top notchers
began breaking records parly this
year, and 1902 has sent statisticians
away back to war times for records of
high prices for prime beeves, and the
classes of cattle that most of us get
our beef from have ruled above nor
mal prices for the primest steers.
These prices have been unnatural and
were a result of unusual conditions.
The production of cattle has not. kept
pace with the increase of population
in this country in the last few years
and, at the begining of the drouth last
year, there was not a normal supply
of cattle In the feed lots, on the farms
and ranches of this country. With
the eomirg on of that drouth cattle
owrers and feeders in the greatest
producing states of the union. Illirois.
lowa, Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska,
became panic-stricken, rushed their
stock of young and unfinished cattle
to market and the begining of the
year found the available supply of beef
cattle greatly reduced. Feeds of all
kinds were higher than they have
been for years, demand for meats was
abnormally heavy, and prices for beef
cattle did the inevitable, went to the
highest level seen in many years.
Nothing was surer than that these
prices could not last. While the corn
feeding states were rushing their
young cattle off on account of feed
conditions the great ranges were sav
ing all but the ripest of their vast
herds, and in addition were diligently
taking great numbers of the young,
thrifty cattle from the drouth states
and putting them on the rich pastures
of the ranges. The opening of the
season for marketing rangers found
these cattle in splendid beef condition,
prices higher than had ever been
known in range history, the cattle
suddenly began coming in large num
bers, and, together with the mode?
rate marketing of native cattle, put
the supplies on market above the im
mediate beef demands and, with a
bumper crop and cheaper prices for
corn just ahead of us, the inevitable
has happened. Prices have broken
sharply and it is fairly safe to pre
dict that they have not yet seen the
DO NOT CROSS THE BREEDS.
The advice given in the heading to
this short article will not he heeded
hy very many of the men that read it,
if we may judge of the future by the
past. In this country there seems to
he a recklessness concerning the
crossing of breeds that is truly aston
ishing. To breed up is commendable,
but crossing breeds is not breeding up.
When a man takes scrub cows and
breeds them and their female progeny
to males of some good dairy breed he
Is doing a commendable thing, and
helping both himself and the commu
nity in which he lives. But when he
tries to cross two distinct breeds, such
as the Shorthorns and Jerseys, and at
tempts to continue that indefinitely
he is on the road that does not lead
to success. The usual argument is
to use the dairy cow to get a calf that
will have great milking tendencies in
her and to use the beef animal in the
same mating to give the same calf
great ability to lay on beef. Poor,
poor calf! How much is expected of
her! She must keep up the reputation
of both parents. It is the old attempt
to get something for nothing, to cross
so that the progeny will make a cer
tain amount of food into butter and
milk and also into beef. Happy own
er of such a cow! He will be able to
get two values out of every pound of
feed. After the first cross he will
probably keep on crossing and as a re
sult will finally get—nothing or about
that. The man that goes into reckless
crossing of the breeds is simply un
doing the work of past generations,
at least if he uses the milk producing
strains with the beef producing
strains. The mixing of blood is also
the mixing of color, the more you have
of one kind the less you have of the
other. Breed pure breeds or breed up
toward pure breeds, but do not at
tempt to cross breeds for the sake of
sretting the highest service of each
How Is the Country to Increase Its
Tt is very plainly seen that in the
rnpid narrowing: of the western rattle
mneres in public land by e^try and
settlement, the increase of beef must
"ome from some other source, says
the "Tndiana Farmer." What is it?
Painly. it is a fact that this Increase
must come through the pure bred cat
tle. The country can come to this as
certainly as it did to pure bred swine,
which is the rule now, and not the ex
fent'on as in beef cattle. Pure blood
will increase the beef supply by mak
ing; 1.200 to 1.400 cattle in twenty-four
months, whereas such beef now re
quires, as a rule, thirty-six months —
that is, the same acres which now pro
duce feed stuffs for 1,000 pounds of
beef will, with pure bred cattle, pro
duce 1,500 pounds of beef, though
growing.no more grain or forage. But
another condition towards which we
are moving rapidly, and which, of
course, must add in a marked measure
to the adidtional increase in beef pro
duction, is that of feeding a balanced
ration, in which protein, carbohyd
rates and fat are duly proportioned,
and so saving much of the feed pro
ducts now grown on the farm. Corn,
now the chief reliance for feeding in
all stages of live stock growth, is
low in protein, but the latter can be
produced abundantly on the farm by
growing cowpea and soy bean, both
rich in protein, and so used as for
age as to balance corn in its high
qualities in the other respects. And
so the beef supply is to be increased
by pure blood in breeding; by grow
ing protein foods as well as fat and
by a large saving in feed stuffs by us
ing these in balanced rations. The
agricultural colleges and experiment
stations are doing a great work along
all these lines, and a marked advance
is being made by farmers.
Stall Feeding Range Cattle.
The Idaho station has been conduct
ing some experiments to ascertain if
it be possible to successfully stall
feed the common range cattle. The
food consisted of chopped rye, chopped
wheat, chopped barley, bran, shorts,
hay and silage. In reporting on the
experiment Prof. French says:
"Tn Bulletin No. 24, a report was
made of experiments in feeding steers
to determine the economy of stall
feeding rattle with food products on
the farms of this section. The results
were fairly satisfactory under the con
ditions which prevailed at the time.
Since then we have had a new stock
barn supplied with water from an ar
tesian well located on the farm. The
feeding tests reported in this bulletin
were made under the improved condi
tions mentioned. The animals were
A few choice yearling Shropshire Rams
and Ram Lambs for sale ; also a few Ewes,
and Yorkshire Pigs of both sexes. Bred
from prize winning stock.
E. A. KIPP,
Pioneer Farm, Chillwack, B. C
Of the large Canadian type, size,
Pigs will be recorded in the Ameri
can Herd Book. Thirty choice young
pigs now for sale.
Cloverdale, B. C.
THOS. W. BRUNK, Proprietor.
B^EC'or Cotswold Sheep
Angora Goats, Poland China Swine,
Barred P. R. Chickens.
EOLA, POLK CO., OREGON.
Jersey Bull Calf, St. Lambert strain,
price $30.00, registered, crated and de
livered at N. P. Station.
H. W. ILLMAN, Hartford, Wash.
%4*&/_ Mountainview Ranch
IfflfffSfjiflßrlJP' Registered Jersey Cattl"
9H||9£mß|Rv the greatest milk and but
■nHfL ter producers in the world.
Sfifet Head of herd is Royal of
■Butt Spokane, son of Koyal Oi
MM WL>^P Bellvedere.
g/BsS&^ Fechter & Janeck
■HHl^r North Yakima, : Wash.
All stock registered. Hogs can be seen at the
farm near Gresliam, Or. Write us for; prices, ped
W. W. COTTON,
Worcester Bldg. Portland, Oregon
m» HOLSTEIN CATTLE! mKKuT
R'&^ttf ter ISreed in the World. Write to
4t~— Wis.Live Stock Ass'n.Appleton.Wis. .U.S.A.
Lake Side Stock Farm
HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN CATTLE
Of the Best Butter Making: Strains for
Bale. Service bull, Lunde Oregon de Kol, son of
(Jlothilde liiinde Artis. Official butter test, 20 lbs
4ozln 7 days. He Is assisted by Clothilde Grace's
Sir Hengerveld, whose granddam was Netherland
Hengerveld, with an official butter test of 26?6 lbs
in 7 days, b«r milk averaging 3.92 per cent fat.
P. A. FRAKES, Scappose, Ore.
T. J. TRAPP
New Westminster, B. C.
SHADELAND FARM COLLIES
C. D NAIRN, Ballston, Ore., Prop.
Verona Pale Face, 60729.
The Largest Collection of Pure Bred Col
lies In America. 32 Years a Breeder of
15est Working Strains. Known to Stock
men Everywhere. Puppies For Sale. Send
for Catalogue. Free.
The Ranch can secure for
Its readers reduced rates on
most newspapers ana maga
zines. Write us for rates on
the periodicals you wish to
EL LEND ALE FARM
Dorset Horn Sheep
Duroc Jersey Hogs
REED A SON, Moscow. Idaho.
Poland China and Berk
shire Pigs for Sale.
Pairs not akin, $25. Single animals
of either sex, $15 each. All of best
strains of breeding and eligible to reg
istry. Better buy now while they are
young and save heavy express charges.
We ars selling fast and will be cleaned
out by October first. Address
The Agricultural College Farm,
A. J. STREET, Ghilliwack, Br. Col.
Registered Jersey Cattle won at New Westminis
ter 1900—1st on 2 year-old-bull, Ist on yearling bull,
Ist on herd. Some choice stock for sale,
BROWN SWISS CATTLE
I have the second largest and one of
the best herds of Swiss cattle In
America. McJohn, No. 1120, first pre
mium and sweepstakes bull at six lead
ing fairs at head of herd. Stock for
sale. Correspondence solicited.
T. H. INMAN. Hanover. Wis.
Several choice young Holstein bulls
now for sale. Registration papers fur
nished. Address Meadowbrook Farm,
Snoqualmie, Wn., or Chamberlain,
Hamilton & Co., Seattle.
WEBFOOT COLLIE KENNELS.
I have for sale some of the best
bred collie puppies on the coast. All
eligible to registration. None better.
Prices are right. Photos on applica
tion. All breeding stock registered.
.Book on training and care of colliers
given with every purchase. Price 50c.
H. K. Metcalf, prop., Halsey, Ore.
FOR SALE—The fine Jersey bull,
Recorder's Best Son 48582, bred by H.
C. Taylor, Orfordville, Wis., dropped
June 28, 1897. Solid color, black ton-
SxA. ■■■■ v >'< ''"'^WBk 'M ?j^vwW/
gue and switch. Sire Recorder 29239,
by Combination 3d he by Combina
tion. Dam of Recorder is Brown Bes
sie 74997, champion butter cow at the
World's Fair. Dam of Recorder's best
Son is Tapestry, 56607, with a record
of 23 lbs., 12 oz. butter. I have also
one yearling pure-bred Jersey bull en
titled to registry, and three yearlings
not to be registered, but of the same
stock. Address L. R. Hansen, Flor