confined in stalls with a chain tie
fastened to an iron rod on side of
mangers. They were turned in the
yard to water at nine o'clock in the
morning and remained in yard until
noon, except in very stormy weather.
Water was supplied in a trough in the
yard. Preliminary to feeding test,
steers ran in small field and were fed
on corn fodder from th^ shook. They
were put in stalls a few weeks before
the feeding began, to accustom them
to their quarters and to being handled.
It is surprising how soon wild steers
will learn to keep quiet, and go into
their places in the stalls, when han
dled quietly and persistently. As
stated in other experiments with range
steers, there is no difficulty in stall
feeding such cattle, on account of
their never having been handled. It
requires a little tact and much pa
tience; but these qualities must be
prominent in any successful feeder of
The following conclusions are
1. On the whole the feeding was
profitable in all the steers showing
a net average for 56 days feeding of
$15.13 per head.
2. The barley shorts and the barley
chopped wheat combinations consti-
tutes an excellent grain ration for
3. The chopped rye was not espe
cially well relished by the steers.
4. Chopped wheat alone is a good
grain ration when combined with corn
silage and hay.
5. That the conditions in this local
ity, so far as affected by climate and
food supply, are favorable for stall
At a farmers' institute, which the
writer attended last winter the sub
ject of calves was being discussed,
and one ol the most successful call;
raisers in the state was asked a few
questions how he raised calves and
his answer will throw much light on
Q. —How many times a day do you
feed your calves?
A. —Three times.
Q. —At what age do you commence
feeding your calves grain?
A. —At two months old I feed a lit
tle porridge made of oat meal to one
bowl of oil meal and a little
salt to season. This is well boiled
and made fresh every day. Give very
little to begin with in each feed and
increase as needed to one-half pint at
each feed. The quantity of porridge
made should always be governed by
the number of calves to be fed. The
cold porridge is put into the warm
milk and squeezed through it.
q—what is the chief cause of
scours in your calves?
A.—(l) Dirty pails; (2) too cold or
too hot feed; (3) too much at a feed;
(4) irregular feeding, but the chief
cause is dirty pails.
Q. —Do you use wooden pails for
Q. —Do you believe in keeping
q.—How do you treat scours?
A.—Stop feed for a day and give
a little castor oil and laudanum.
Keep them warm and dry and clean
with plent of bedding and out of
draughts. Then feed only a pint of
milk at a time, just drawn from the
cow, and add some lime water, only
feed a pint at a time, morning, noon,
night and at bed time. If that dis
agrees, feed flax seed, tea with raw
egg in each feed. I once kept a heifer
calf on oil tea and eggs for three
week! and afterwards sold her for
Q. —Do you let calves run on pas
A. —I let them out in the yard often
for a run, and the larger ones on the
grass tor a part of the day until they
get used to it. They are always
housed at night.
Q. —Do you give your calves water
A.—Always. All they want ol it.
Q. —How long do you leave the calf
with the mother after birth?
A. —Only till the dam has licked it
off dry. If a cow is excited we fence
off a corner of the stall in which she
calved and put the calf in there for
a while. This will quiet her.
Q. —How do you get your calves to
drink the first time?
A. —Use a tin wash basin, as a pail
is too deep, the edge gets against
the calf's throat. Back the calf into
a corner, stand astride it, hold the
basin in one hand, wet the fingers of
the other hand in milk and place
them into the calf's mouth. The great
thing is not to let the calf's nostrils
get below the surface of the milk so
it is closed and frightened. The call
will drink better if the basin is held
well up, as it is natural for it to drink
with its head raised, till it learns to
stoop. If the calf will not drink, lev
it miss a meal or two, but never, nev
er leave milk before it to get cola
and sour. By following this plan we
nave no trouble. —Tribune.
A correspondent asks how to make
a good cement floor for stables, live
stock pens, etc. In making such a
floor dig away the earth five inches
in depth and fill in about 4 inches
of this with broken stone, as in pre
paring for macadamizing a road. Mix
die cement with sand and water, so
that it will be quite thin and will
run easily. Let it fill all the openings
and cover all the stones. Allow this
to set. Then give the whole a coating
with a trowel the same as in" cement
ing a cistern, using one part of cement
to three parts of good sand. A floor
built in this manner will last indefi
nitely if the cement used is first class.
Lieutenant Barnett, of the army, sta
tioned at Jiminez, Mandanao, has ask
ed the state board of agriculture of
Illinois to furnish him samples of corn
of the best variety. This officer be
lieves the soil is adapted to corn and
wishes to try an experiment. Which
goes to prove that some of our officers
in the Philippines are gentlemen with
minds above the ordinary monotonous
State ok Ohio. City of Toledo,
Lucas County, aa.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that lie ia
the senior partner of the firm of F. J.
Cheney & Co., doing business in the City
of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and
that said firm will pay the sum of ONE
HUNDRED DOLLARS for each and every
case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by
the use of Hall's Catabiih Cube.
FUANK J. CHENEY,
Sworn to before me and subscribed In
my presence, this tith day of December, A.
1). 1880. A. W. GLEASON,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
.IU..S Catarrh Cure *s taken internally
and acts directly on the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Send for testi
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Tills are the best.
I offer for sale four pure-bred Re d Polled bulls, and four pure-bred
heifers, aged from six months to throe years.
Weight 1800 lbs. Those who have an eye for large stock and good milk
ers ( here is your opportunity. Will be sold at prices that are right, if
taken at once. Address,
PHILLIP B. PETERSON
Cedar Mountain, Wash.
DAIRY -ITS IN THE MILK PAIL
THAT BUYERS OF S. C. CO. DAIRY CHOP
DRAW THE LARGEST INTER
EST ON THEIR INVESTMENT
For RESULTS from your Cows, that excels all other Feeds, try the
"COW BRAND" of Dairy Chop
and beware of Immltatlona.
ADVANCEMENT IS THE LIFE OF THE AGE
SEATTLE CEREAL COMPANY.
v __ _>
B~JteoM KB Original Stock Imp. from England; herd
' - tPtCa Tm^mm headed b Mack Alamo.
HHBMBPiiMBP^ ...THE SPRINCiDALE STOCK FARM...
A. J. SPLAWN, Proprietor, - • NORTH YAKIMA, WASH
LADD'S HAZEL-FERN FARM
A. J. C. C. Jerseys. A. G. C. C. Guernseys. Reg. Berkshire Swine.
The only deep milking strain of COMBINATION blood on the Pacific Coast, beaded
by Chief Engineer (47147), who carries all the blood elements of Brown Bessie and
Our Guernseys were selected from the best milkfng strains In the United States.
Our Berkshires were selected for breeding and individuality and contain the blood
of Cherry Blossom, Longfellow and Lee st rains. We can assure buyers of quality, the
best of breeding and satisfaction. We lnvlt c correspondence and personal Inspection.
F. E. M'ELDOWNEY, Supt., Portland, Ore.
OAK HILL STOCK FARM
jfl||§i|S| PrOperty of CHAS. E. LADD, Breeder
ftf^K Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire
;> Cotswold and Southdown Sheep
•Sjn^^SßhkSwß All stock registered with the best of breeding aud ind'vldual merit. Young ;stocb
stock for sale. FRANK BROWN, Mgr., North Yanthill. Ore.
Old Process Oil Cake Mea.
Experienced feeders pronounce it to be the best and most profitable for Milch Cows. Beef CattL-»
Horses, Sheep, Hogs, Fowls, etc. Keeps stocK in a healthy condition and makes palatable meats I
you have one horse or cow, or a dozen, they should not be without Oil Meal. Oil Meal Cake Is sold
all dealers in hay, grain, flour aud seeds. Correspondence solicited. *
PORTLAND LINSEED OIL WORKS
Marcus Simpson, Mgr. Sherlock Ays., near Nicolai St., Portland, Oregon
HAZELWOOD COMPANY, Ltd.
Breaders and Importers of
HOLSTEIN, GUERNSEY AND JERSEY.iCAI.TLE
POLAND CHINA SWINE
We have'some tine young Poland China sows for sale. All stock registered and from Urn i,~«
blood in the United States. ° De" '
Southdowns 'or s- e
number of he/d
of you tig sheep of this popular breed. J. T. Wilkinson Chllllwack. B. C,
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