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Secretary of War Root was on his
way to Southampton recently, when a
termer edged Into the seat and began
telling the cabinet member how to run
When the citizen's supply of criti
cisms began to run low, Mr. Root
"What is you occupation?"
"Poultry farmer," was the reply.
"Do you know how many eggs each
of your hens lays?"
"Why. no." confessed the man.
"Well, the man who looks after my
chickens knows how much each ben
does. If he didn't I'd discharge him
for not knowing his business. If a hen
doesn't produce fifteen eggs a month
it's a loss to keep it. Now. my friend,
doesn't It strike you that after you
have learned your own business so
well that I can't give you points on
it, then would it be proper time for
you to come and teach me how the
government ought to be run?" —New
The losses of young chicks occur
during the summer from so many
causes as to sometimes cause astonish
ment. They seem to disappear with
out enemies. The fact is that doss,
hawks, rats and other enemies carry
them off. There is also a great loss
from the family cat and from mistakes
In feeding. The feeding of very young
chicks is a matter that many do not
understand. The favorite food allowed
is cornmeal, but young chicks cannot
thrive on cornmeal alone, as it is de
ficient in the elements of growth. Mil
let seed is excellent, and if the fowls
are allowed on a grass plot they will
eat grass and insects. As they grow
give cracked corn and wheat, as well
as a little animal meal occasionally.
A variety of almost any kind of food
will prove serviceable, but if cornmeal
alone is given it may cause bowel
Plnm trees are attacked by the eur
culio when the fruiting season begins
and the peach is injured by the borer
in several ways, the consequence be
ing that close attention is required.
When there are small yards in which
poultry can be confined both the plum
and peach trees are less liable to
attack, as the fowls are at work
around them. The moths or millers
that invariably lay their eggs on the
fruit trees instinctively avoid danger,
and will not so readily use trees in
small poultry yards as when the birds
have more liberty. The jarring of the
plum trees causes the curculio to fall,
and the fowls are ready to destroy any
thing that comes within their reach.
While the plan may not give absolute
protection yet it will save trees and
Every manufacturer, every mer
chant, every business man throughout
the land is most deeply interested in
maintaining the growth and develop
ment of our agricultural resources.—
J. J. Hill.
THE REST IS NONE TOO OOOD FOR YOU
and we ran furnish you with the REST for
no morn than you might pay for the
WORST therefore, don't throw away good
money for poor service, but If you are going
East ' or have friends coming West, let us
tell you what we pan offer on Chicago. Wash
ington. New York. Boston. St. Louis. Mem
phis New Orleans, and all Intermediate
points. Our rails are laid In fourteen differ
ent states of the Union.
Communicate with us regarding freight
and passenger business. It's a pleasure to
reply to your letter^ -. TRDMBULLf
T C TiTNDSEY. Commercial Agent.
' " TV F. & P. A.
GOOD BOOKS FOR FARMERS
A List of the Most Popular Works Relating to
All Branches of Agriculture —Furnished
by This Paper at Lowest Prices,
This is only a Partial List-—Send for full List.
ALL BY THE BEST AUTHORITIES
jtookkcepiny for Farmers.
Hy T. Clark Atkeson. To which is added
The* Siockbridge System of Accounts. The
methods outlined in this pamphlet are so
simple that uny person having a fair
Xi.owledge of arithmetic can keep the farm
i-ecords so that he will know what each
product has cost him, and which crop and
line of farming is paying the best. Paper.
12mo. 25 cents.
Canning and I'rescrviny.
By Mrs. S. T. Uorer. This work is the
■suit of careful practice iv teaching be
ginners how to cau aud preserve fruita
md vegetables, alsu the best methods of
nakiug marmalades, fruit butter aud jel
tes, drying fruits and making syrups and
jatsups, pickling, liavored vinegars, drying
jerbs, etc. 40 cents.
By Prof. W. Card. A horticultural inou
grapb of raspberries, blackberries, dew
oerrieu, currants, gooseberries and other
shrub-like fruits. The entire subject is ex
haustingly treated from the commercial
grower's standpoint, as well us for applica
tion in the home garden. The principles
which underlie the cultivation and manage
ment of the various bush fruits are dis
cussed iv the introductory chapter, while
iv the succeeding ones each kind is treated
in detail as to its special requirements
of soil, location, fertilizers, propagation,
planting, tillage, pruning, harvesting and
marketing, evaporating, etc. One of the
most important contributions to prouiolog
ical literature. 540 pages. $1.50.
Fertilizers. . ..
By Edward B. Voorhees, director of the
New' Jersey Agricultural Experiment Sta
tion. It has been the aim of the author to
point out the underlying principles and to
discuss the important subjects connected
with the use of fertilizer materials. The
natural fertility of the soil, the functions
of manures and fertilizers are exhaustively
discussed. Separate chapters are devoted
to the various fertilizing elements, to the
purchase, chemical analyses. methods of
using fertilizers, and the best fertilizers for
each of the most important field, garden
and orchard crops. 335 pages. $1.00.
A manual of what to do and how to do
it. Describing all manner of home-made
aids to farm work. Made up of the best
ideas from the experience of many prac
tical men. With over 200 engravings. 1.00.
By Lute Wilcox. A handbook for the
practical application of water in the pro
duction of crops. A complete treatise on
water supply, canal construction, reser
voirs and ponds, pipes for irrigation pur
poses, Humes aud their structure, methods
of applyiug water, irrigation of tield crops,
the garden, the orchard and vineyard;
windmills and pumps, appliances and con
trivances. Profusely, handsomely illustrat
ed. Cloth, 12mo. 1.50.
The Fertility of the Land.
By I. I. Roberts. A summary sketch of
the relationship of farm practice to the
maintaining and increasing of the produc
tivity of the soil. The book is the result
of a long life oi reaching, experimenting
and farming, and is Ihe most important
single book of farm methods. Illustrated,
By Andrew S. Fuller. A treatise ou the
propagation, planting and cultivation, with
descriptions and the botanical and popular
names of all the indigeneous trees of the
United States, and notes on a large uuin
ber of the most valuable specien. 1.50
Soils and Crops of the Farm.
Hy George E. Morrow,M. A., and Thomas
F. Hunt. The methods of making available
the plant food in the soil that are described
in popular language. A short history of
each of the farm crops ia accompanied by
a discussion of its culture. The useful dis
coveries of science are explained as applied
in the most approved methods of culture.
Illustrated. Cloth, 12mo. $1.00.
CrUry for Profit.
By T. (Jreiner. The celery industry has
recently been greatly increased, and this
delicious vegetable is now found on nearly
every table. The newer improved methods
of culture are described in this volume.
Tin New Onion Culture.
P>y T. Grelner. By the process here de
scribed a crop of 2,000 bushels per acre tan
he as easily raired an 500 or 600 bushels In
the old way. Paper, 12tno. 50 cents.
Hy James Ilarnes and William Hoblnson,
F. L. S. Tl>e beat methods employed Id
England and France. With translation of
Mr. Lobeufs Essay on Asparagus, and
particulars of the seven years'competltion
instituted for its improvement. 50 ce^ts.
Maple Sugar and Sugar Bush.
By Prof. A. J. Cook. The name of the
author is enough of itself to recommend
any book to almost any people, but this
one on maple sugar is written in Prof.
Cook's highest style. All the difficult
points in regard to making the very best
quality of maple syrup and maple sugar
are very fully explained. All recent Inven
tions In apparatus and methods of making
this delicious product of the farm are fully
described. Profusely illustrated. 35 cents.
Sugar Beet Seed.
A new book. How to grow the best seed
of the most improved qualities. Pull prac
tical and scientific details. Including the
secrets of the most famous European pro
ducers who have been in the business for
100 years. The only book on the subject;
worth its weight In gold to any one
thinking of going into what promises to
be a lucrative specialty, as millions will
be spent for sugar beet seed in the United
States. The author, Lewis S. Ware, has
devoted 20 years to this book. Cloth, post
The New Horticulture.
By H. A. Stringfellow. This book has
attracted considerable attention becouse of
the revolutionary cultural methods advocat
ed. Any one wanting food for thought wll!
find it here. $1.00.
The Pruning Book.
By H. L. Bailey. This is the first Ameri
can work exclusively devoted to pruning.
It differs from most other treatises on this
subject in that the author takes particular
pains to explain the principles of each oper
ation in every detail. Specific advice Is
given on the pruning of the various kinds
of fruits and ornamental trees, shrubs and
hedges. Considerable space is devoted to
the pruning and training of grape vines,
both American and foreign. Every part of
the subject is made so clear and plain that
it can be readily understood by even the
merest beginner. Cloth, Bvo, 530 pages. Il
American Fruit Gulturist.
By John T. Thomas. Containing practi
cal directions for the propagation and cul
ture of all the fruits adapted to the United
States. Twentieth thoroughly revised and
ereatly enlarged edition by William H. S.
Wood. This new edition makes the work
practically almost a new book, containing
everything pertaining to large and small
fruits, as well as sub-tropical and tropical
fruits. Richly illustrated by nearly 800
engravings. 758 pp., 12mo. $2.50.
Pear Culture for Profit.
By P. T. Quinn, practical horticulturist.
Teaching how to raise pears Intelligently
and with the best results, how to find out
the character of the soil, the best methods
of preparing it, the best varieties to select
under existing conditions, the best modes of
planting, pruning, fertilizing, grafting and
utilizing the ground before the trees come
Into bearing, and finally, of gathering and
oacklng for market. Illustrated. Cloth.
Stcwart'B Shepherd's Manual.
By Henry Stewart. A valuable practi
cal treatise on the sheep for American
farmers and sheep growers. It is so plain
that a farmer or a farmer's son, who has
never kept a sheep, may learn from Its
pages how to manage a flock successfully,
and vet so complete that even the experi
enced shepherd may gather many sugges
tions from it The result of personal ex
perience of some years with the charac
ters of the various modern breeds of sheep,
find the sheep raising capabilities of many
portions of our extensive territory and that
of Canada—and the careful study of the
diseases to which our sheep are chiefly sub
|ect. with those by which they may event
ually be afflicted through unforeseen acci
dents —as well as the methods of manage
ment called for under our circumstances,
are here gathered. Illustrated. Cloth.
Describing numerous useful and labor
""vlng appliances, and will be found of
i?reat value In every department of farm
work. With nearly 200 Illustrations. .50.
Fen ccii. Gates and Bridges.
A much-needed and valuable work. The
descriptions are abundantly Illustrated.
The book also contains a synopsis of the
fence laws of the different states. Over
100 engravings. Cloth, 12mo. .50.
Home Pork Making.
The art of raising and curing pork on
the farm. A complete guide for the farm
er, the country butcher and the suburban
dweller, In all that pertains to hog slaugh
terlng curing, preserving and storing pork
product—from scalding vat to kitchen ta
ble and dining room. By A. W. Fulton,
commercial editor American Agriculturis.
and Orange Judd Farmer, assisted by pork
specialists In the United States and Eng
land There are chapters on pork making
on the farm, finishing off hogs for bacon,
slaughtering, scalding and scraping, dress
ing and cutting, what to do with the offal,
the fine points In making lard, pickling and
barreling, care of hams and shoulders, dry
salting bacon and sides. smoking and
smokehouses, keeping bacon and hamu, Hlue
lights on pork making, packing house cuts
and discovering the merits of roast pig.
The many recipes for cooking and serving
pork nre the favorite dishes of the best
of pork, magnitude of the swine industry,
ists in the sMenoes. A practical handbook
on the most approved methods of growing,
harvesting, curing and selling hops, and on
the use and manufacture of hops. The
result of years of research and observation.
It is a vo"lume destined to be an authority
on this crop for many years to come. It
takes up every detail, from preparing the
soil and laying out the yard to curing and
selling the crop. Every line represents the
ripest Judgment and experience of experts.
Size. sxß inches: pages. 300 : Illustrations,
nearly 150 : bound in cloth and gold. $1.50
Ginseng, its Cultivation. Harvesting, Mar
keting and Market Value.
By Maurice G. Knins. with a short ac
count of its history and botany. It dis
cusses in a practical way how to begin with
either seed or roots, soil, climate and loca
tion, preparation, planting and maintenance
of the beds, artificial propagation, manures,
enemies, selection for market and for im
provement, preparation for sale, and the
profits that may be expected. The booklet
is concisely written, well and profusely il
lustrated and should be in the hands of all
who expect to grow this drug to supply the
export trade, and to add a new and profit
able industry to their farms and gardens,
without interfering with the regular work.
12mo. 35 cents.
Grape Gulturtet. .
By A. S. Fuller. This is one of the very
best of books on the culture of the hardy
grapes, with full directions for all depart
ments of propagation, culture, etc., with
150 excellent engravings, illustrating plant
ing training, grafting, etc. Cloth. 12mo.
By Hon. J. Alexander Pulton. The best
work on peach growing. It has been thor
oughly revised and a large portion of it re
written, bringing it down to date. Cloth.
By Andrew S. Fuller. Containing all
information necessary to enable everybody
to raise their own strawberries. Fully il
lustrated. Flexible cloth, 12mo. 25 cents.
By Joseph J. White. Contents: Natural
history, history of cultivation, choice of
location, preparing the ground, planting the
vines, management of meadows, flooding,
enemies and difficulties overcome, picking,
keeping, profit and loss. Cloth, 12mo. $1.00.
The Spraplvp of Plants.
By E. G. Lodeman. A very timely boo*
that can be safely recommended to all
horticulturists and fruit growers. Cloth,
Field Notes on Apple Culture.
By Prof. L. H. Bailey, jr. A most use
ful and thoroughly practical book for or
chardists. Cloth, 12mo. 75 cents.
By W. W. Meech. An illustrated hand
book for the propagation and cultivation
of the quince, with descriptions and varie
ties, insect enemies, diseases and their rem
edies. Npw and enlarged edition. Cloth,
Silos, Ensilage and Silage.
By Manly Miles. M. D., F. R. M. S. A
practical treatise on the ensilage of fodder
corn. Containing the most recent and au
thentic information on this important sub
ject. Illustrated. Cloth, 12mo. 50 cents.
other than grasses. How to cultivate, har
vest and use them. By Thomas Shaw,
professor of animal husbandry at the Uni
versity of Minnesota. A new work em
bodying the author's long, successful ex
perience, and the results of all science and
practice in growing and feeding forage
crops. "It will work a revolution in ani
mal husbandry." Illustrated. Cloth. 12mo
abovt 300 pages. $1.00
Barn Plans and Outbuildings.
Two hundred and fifty-seven illustra
tions. A most valuable wofk, full of Ideas
hints, suggestions, plans, etc.. for the con
struction of barns and outbuildings by prac
tical writers. Chapters are devoted to the
barns, house barns, cattle barns, sheep
barns, corn houses, smoke houses. Ice houses,
pig pens, granaries, etc. There are likewise
chapters upon bird houses, dog houses, tool
sheds, ventilators, roofs and roofing, doors
and faptenlngs, workshops, poultry houses,
manure sheds, barn yards, root pits. etc.
Cloth, 12mo. $1.00.
How to Build a Home.
By C. F. Moore. This book deals thor
oughly with the practical building of a
house, giving suggestions as to safety from
fire, safety of health, convenience, durabil
ity and comfort. It contains specimen
contract, specifications and plans, and Its
study will save omissions and "extras."
The author has spent several years In pre
paring the volume and many authorities
among builders and contractor! have been