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m e ranch
With which is consolidated
Tue Washington Farmer,
Th*" PhclHc Coast Dairyman,
The Farmer and Dairymati.
The Farmer and Turfman.
( HVu-nil orgau of the State Dairymon's Associa
tion and the State Live Stock Breeders' Associa
MII.t-.KK KIIKKMAN, - Kditor and >Mairngf-r.
Kditorial unices: - • Seattle. Wash.
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Address all communications to THh RANCH,
104 W. Washington St., Seattle Washington.
Seattle Aug. 18 to 28
Vancouver, B. C. .. .Aug. 30 to Sept. 1
Whatcom Sept. 2 to 6
Everett Sept. 8 to 13
Salem Sept. 15 to 20
Portland Sept. 22 to 27
North Yakima Sept 27 to Oct 4
New Westminster .. Sept. 30 to Oct 4
Victoria Oct 7 to 11
Spokane Oct 6 to 14
Lewiwston Oct 13 to 18
Boise Oct 20 to 25
Our letter this week from Prof.
Spillman reminds us of old times. In
cidentally it assures us that things
are running all right at Washington
City, even if the President is away.
The Ranch continually receives in
quiries as to how much alfalfa irri
gated land in eastern Washington will
average. We have been of the opinion
that the claims of some of the alfalfa
enthusiasts of an average of 7 to 9
tons was too high, and contended if
one got six tons from an acre year
after year it would be a mighty good
and profitable yield. Now we repro
duce a letter from H. W. Lichty to the
Sunnyside Sun, in which he gives fig
ures to show that the land there
is making a steady yield of eight tons
and over. The men quoted are among
the most prominent residents of that
section, and have every reason to be
conservative in their statements, so
that -the information may be consid
ered reliable. It is certainly a most
In the face of this strong array of
testimony, we will have to admit that
Sunnyside is capable of doing better
than six tons per acre, and yet "Con
vince a man against his will and he's
of tiTe same opinion still." In order
to finally settle the controversy we
would like to see the people of that
section invite Prof. E. E. Elliott, ag
riculturist of the State Experiment sta
tion, to visit Sunnyside and make an
accurate report on fhe alfalfa yield,
based on a careful scientific investiga
That some of the big creamery con
cerns which have been spreading out
so widely, and extending the field of
operations so rapidly during the last
few years have been operating on capi
tal entirely too small for the amount
of business transacted is shown by
the failure of the Elgin Creamery Co.,
a disaster which hpe entailed hard
ship on 10,000 farmer patrons
throughout the middle states. It be
hooves the dairyman in self protection
to ascertain the financial stability of
any creamery concern he may do bus
iness with. Don't take anybody's say
so, but ask your local banker for re
liable information regarding the cream
ery company to whom you sell your
milk or cream.
Big fruit crops and poor prices; lots
of prosperity and no money; poor
goods and none to buy them. These
are a few things against which the
fruit growers of Colorado are now
contending and the most of them are
not in a very joyful mood.
CheaT> rates bring cheap people. We
have all heard of the Eastern girl
■who came out with one shirt waist
and a five-dollar bill and changed
neither. Well, she is here this sum
mer good and plenty.—Field and
Cannot we in California "shake"
with Colorado on both of the above
deductions? —Pacific Fruit World.
We have just received direct from
the United States Department of Agri
culture, Washington, D. C a supply
of the 1901 yearbook of the depart
ment of agriculture, which has just
been issued. We mail a copy free to
every applicant as long as they last.
Give your full name and address. Al
though it is not necessary, it will
make us feel more cheerful if subscrib
ers, when writing, will see by the date
on their label how their
subscriptions stand, and remit accord
ingly, when they write for the book.
Remember the number is limited, and
first come first served.
This is a very valuable book. It
contains the report of the secretary of
agriculture to the president for 1901,
covering 109 pages, thirty-five original
articles, occupying 494 pages and 196
pages of appendix. There are 91 en
gravings and 52 text figures illustrat
ing various subjects.
The frontispiece is a fine portrait
of Hon. J. Sterling Morton, ex-secre
tary of agriculture, who died on April
27 of this year.
The report of the secretary is a com
prehensive resume of the work of the
department and shows the scope of
this institution. In it the progress of
the weather bureau is noted, the work
of the bureaus of animal industry,
plant industry, soils, chemistry and
forestry is set forth as fully as space
permits, and the office of the experi
ment stations, the division of entomo
logy, public roads, publications and
foreign markets, receive attention, as
well as the library, the appropriations,
the biological survey and the statistics
of the department.
A proper conception of the status
and importance of the department of
agriculture can only be gained by a
careful reading of this report. The de
partment is growing with the times
and the realization of agriculture's
position among the industries of the
The special articles in the body of
the work are general in character and
cover a wide range of subjects; they
are thoroughly representative of thu
varied scientific work conducted by
the department and are made doubly
useful by the beautiful and accurate il
lustrations which accompany them.
Written by expert authorities in each
branch of research they constitute a
liberal education to the extent of the
subjects treated. There is a whole
library of interesting reading for the
long winter evenings in this part of
The compiler of the year book says
of the appendix, which is a unique
feature of the work: "The effort to
make the appendix a most useful, if
not an indispensable work of refer
ence for the farmer, which will of it
self make the Year Book a valuable
addition to every farm library has
been maintained this year."
It is a summary of information on
various topics of interest to the farm
er, such as a directory of officials of
national and state governments and
associations representing various agri
cultural and statistical information on
matters pertaining to the farming in
Every progressive farmer should
procure a copy of this valuable book.
It is as important an implement as
any that the thrifty husbandman will
store away in his shed when the win
tre season comes with its opportuni
ties for reading and study.
"The paper was here to stay,"
writes a Georgia editor, "but it acci
dentally made money enough to leave.
The County Fair.
Miss A. Lenox.
County fairs would be more inter
esting and profitable if the main grum
blers would contribute something of
interest to others; but no, with not a
thing there to exhibit they find fault
with what is there* and also with the
management thereof. If such persons
are asked to be one of the committee
they generally say they have no time.
Neither have they time to cook, make
or manufacture an article, but they
have plenty of time to come there to
kick and many times without provoca
tion, and inspecting certain things,
they say: "Why, if I could not bring
something better I would not bring
anything at all, for I have lots of nice
things right at home." Now, if they
really have why don't they bring them
and shut up? Some say. "What is the
use of my bringing anything? It Is
only a certain few who draw all the
prizes, anyhow?" That is not always
the case, either, for my daughter re
ceived first and sometimes second pre
mium and I do not think we are of
the certain few. At any rate, whether
you take anything or not do not grum
ble and disgust everybody you see, al
so the managers, who certainly have a
very hard, thankless job along with
the committee, but bring your fam
ilies, hired help and all, and your
lunch, if wife is able and willing to
put it up or else buy the dinner on the
grounds. Meet your old-time neigh
bors and friends and amuse yourself
and everybody else and have a general
good time, even if you are ailing and
The Commissioner of Internal Reve
nue has notified the Chicago manufac
turers of oleomargarine that they will
not be permitted to use palm oil in
the manufacture of oleomargarine
This the manufacturers take exception
to. They say the law permits the use
of vegetable oils and that they will go
Phosphate p|LMARKJ ,
i BAklKir* nnwnf Rl
1 ii. 25 cents. H^IPIU rUn|^i[
A modern and up-to-date comblnatloi
which Is more wholesome than the bakln«
powder trusts' cream of tartar product.
ASK YOUR GROCER
into court to defend their rights. But
the path of the commissioner is plain
It takes less than one per cent of palm
oil to color the butterine yellow like
butter. The fraudulent intent of it&
use is obvious.
One of the most Important and
promising lines of work of the Bureau
of Forestry is its study of economic
tree planting and it co-operation with
farmers and others in making forest
plantations. Tree planting has so vi
tal and intimate a relation to the wel
fare of the farmer in the treeless re
gions that whatever assists him to
grow trees assists him also in the pro
duction of every other crop. Forty
six thousand one hundred and forty
five acres were examined for planting
during the year, and planting plans
were prepared for 5,785 acres, while
148 applications for tree-planting
plans have been received. A careful
study has been pushed during the year
of the encroachment of forests on the
western plains in order to determine
the possibility of reclaiming portions
of non-agricultural government land
by planting forests. —Farmer's Re
David Brown, of the Hanford-Hazel
wood Cream Co., was a caller at this
office last week accompanied by Mr.
Hanford. This company is one of the
largest creamery concerns in the
United States, with headquarters at
Sioux City, lowa. An office is main
tamed in New York City for the prop
er handling of their goods in the east
ern markets. The Hazelwood Com
pany of Spokane and Portland, Or.,
are considered as branches of the
main corporation. All the friends of
Dave Brown are glad to know that he
has met with such remarkable sue
cess in his eastern venture.
The Meadow Brook Company ha?
bought the Poland China swineherd of
Jas. Roxburgh and engaged Mr. Rox
burgh to take the management of the
livestock of the farm. The Meadow
Brook Company will make an exhibit
of hogs at the Puyallup fair, and plans
next year to be in shape to make the
entire Northwest fair circuit with
a prize-winning string of swine, cat
tle, horses and sheep.
The government Department of Ag
riculture declares that the farmers of
the United States are not raising
enough potatoes for home consump
tion. There is an average shortage of
about a million bushels, without allow
ing any for export. Our exports and
imports of potatoes nearly balance
with each other. The idea that Amei
icans have to import potatoes at al1
is preposterous.—Northwest Agrlcu'